Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1130
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Zhen Wenjun - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radial artery (RA) and internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts in coronary artery bypass and the use of color Doppler ultrasound in the peri-operative evaluation of IMA and radial-ulnar collateral circulation. METHODS: From June 1998 to June 2000, sixty cases of coronary bypass revascularization with RA and IMA ...
Vassiliades Thomas A TA - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This report outlines the procedures and technical aids used for performing thoracoscopic internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting in a series of 308 patients. METHODS: As a part of atraumatic coronary artery bypass (ACAB) operations, thoracoscopic IMA harvests (294 left, 14 right, and 12 bilateral) were performed in 308 consecutive ...
Bonacchi M - - 2001
The "string sign" is a physiological and reversible response of the internal mammary artery (IMA) anastomosed to a moderately stenotic coronary artery. We describe a patient who presented postoperatively with a string sign phenomenon of the right branch of the lambda-composite graft. The graft regained full patency 32 months after ...
Musleh G - - 2001
We report a case of young male patient who developed left internal mammary artery to pulmonary artery fistula 9 years following the coronary artery bypass grafting operation. The clinical signs and symptoms were very subtle including recurrence of angina and heart murmur. Surgical division of the fistula and re-grafting of ...
Ramadan R - - 2001
The length of the in situ right internal mammary artery (RIMA) often restricts its use as a graft to distal marginal arteries. We describe herein a retrocaval supra-azygous extra-pleural passage of the RIMA that allows a significant gain in length. We report our experience in 30 patients with distal marginal ...
Balbay Y - - 2001
A 15-year-old female patient presented with a history of a mass just medial to the left breast and fever. Her physical examination revealed upper extremity hypertension, delayed and diminished pulsations in the femoral arteries and a midsystolic murmur over the back. On catheterization of the aorta a 45 mmHg systolic ...
Moon M R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It has been well established that complete revascularization with internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting is important in young patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Applying these principles to octogenarians remains controversial. METHODS: From 1986 to 1999, 358 consecutive patients aged 80 to 94 years underwent CABG. Revascularization was ...
Tozzi P - - 2001
A clinical, prospective trial to evaluate a multi-suture anastomotic device (Heartflo) is currently underway. This new surgical tool can be used during CABG to perform end-to-side or side-to-side coronary arteries anastomoses with interrupted suture technique. This reports our interim preliminary clinical experience. METHODS: From February to November 2000, we attempted ...
Prifti E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome and flow dynamics of the lambda graft configuration, relative to a second arterial graft. METHODS: From 1998 to 2000, 47 patients (mean age 55.5 +/- 4.7 years) with triple-vessel disease underwent arterial revascularization using the lambda graft. The in ...
Takahashi A - - 2001
Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass usually includes single vessel revascularization via a small skin incision. In most cases, the left internal mammary artery has been used for bypassing to the left anterior descending artery, and only single vessel revascularization used to be performed due to the limited operating field. ...
Kappert U - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The application of an endoscopic stabilizer (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, CA, USA) enables closed chest off-pump coronary artery bypass via a four-point stab incision avoiding sternotomy and minithoracotomy. METHODS: Between May 1999 and January 2001 we operated upon a total of 37 patients (five female, 32 male, median age ...
Spencer C G - - 2001
Coronary bypass grafts using the internal mammary artery usually have an excellent record of success and long term patency. We report a 42 year old man who initially presented with a history of atypical left sided chest pain, who had coronary artery bypass surgery for a severe stenosis in his ...
Kim M H - - 2001
The radial artery has been increasingly used as a primary access site for coronary angiography and intervention. But the technique for internal mammary artery (IMA) visualization via the right radial artery has not been well described. Therefore, the study was conducted to investigate the feasibility, safety, and adequacy of selective ...
Yaginuma G - - 2001
When complete arterial revascularization of coronary circulation cannot be accomplished using the internal thoracic artery and other conventionally used arterial conduits, the thoracodorsal artery may be an excellent alternative. We report the use of the thoracodorsal artery as a free arterial graft in 3 patients, describe the harvesting technique, and ...
Ascione R - - 2001
Long-term survival, relief of angina, and prevention of myocardial infarction after coronary revascularization are related to the preoperative status of the patient, progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis, and the patency of the conduits used. The increased use of the internal mammary artery for coronary grafting depends upon the accumulation of ...
Tozzi P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An animal study was carried out to compare long-term patency rates of coronary anastomoses performed with the GraftConnector versus running suture technique. METHODS: 10 sheep, 45 to 55 kg, underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (right internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery). In 5 animals, the anastomosis ...
Byrne J G - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: An alternative to avoid redo sternotomy in patients with patent left internal mammary artery-left anterior descending coronary artery (LIMA-LAD) grafts undergoing mitral valve surgery is right thoracotomy with moderate-deep hypothermia (approximately 20 degrees C) and fibrillatory arrest without aortic cross-clamping. Few reports exist which ...
Kobayashi Y - - 2001
We report five cases treated with brachytherapy through the internal mammary artery (IMA) for in-stent restenosis at the distal anastomosis (n = 3) and in the left anterior descending coronary artery beyond the distal anastomosis (n = 2). After angioplasty, catheter-based gamma radiation was performed. There was no delivery failure ...
Jones Richard D - - 2002
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) has proven to be a safe and effective method of treating subclavian stenosis with technical success rates ranging from 83 to 100%. This technique, however, can result in distal embolisation. In the presence of a previous internal mammary bypass graft this may prove catastrophic, especially when ...
Posacio─člu H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: small arterial defects resulting from either trauma or resection of an aneurysm often present difficult problems to the vascular surgeon. DESIGN: to demonstrate that certain arterial gaps as a result of traumatic injury or aneurysm resection could be closed with acute intraoperative arterial elongation. Materials: fifteen mongrel dogs underwent ...
Lorenzetti F - - 2001
Although the free microvascular transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap is in routine use for breast reconstruction, little is known of its hemodynamics. The purpose of this study was to determine whether any differences exist when the free TRAM flap is anastomosed to the thoracodorsal or internal mammary vessels. The ...
Okmen E - - 2001
A 43-years-old male who underwent right coronary artery stent implantation 6 months ago presented with total occlusion of right coronary artery at proximal part of the stent without antegrade flow. We successfully used the left internal mammary artery contrast injections for guidance in all stages of the right coronary laser ...
Hill A C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The coronary anastomosis is the most difficult part of the coronary bypass procedure, particularly when using a minimally invasive technique. Methods to facilitate coronary anastomosis will make the minimally invasive approach to coronary bypass feasible. We sought preclinical validation and testing of the design and efficacy of a self-closing ...
Presbitero P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The association of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of large arteries with focal lesions can be an alternative therapeutic method for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. We reviewed our experience regarding 42 patients treated at our Institute. METHODS: MIDCAB and ...
Hammerer-Lercher A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones which are essential for cell survival. Heat shock and hypoxia markedly increase the expression of several HSPs in various tissues, i.e. heart. In our in vitro study, we investigated whether HSPs are inducible in human vessels which are used as coronary artery ...
Robin J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Following upon the recent development of minimally invasive coronary robotic surgery, we set out to evaluate the feasibility of bilateral internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting using the voice-controlled AESOP 2000 video assisted robot. METHODS: The robot is placed on the right side of the patient. The left IMA is ...
Zimarino M - - 2001
Because of the extensive use of arterial conduits for coronary surgery and the increased risk of repeat surgery in cases of graft failure, there is a growing interest in percutaneous interventions (PI) for patients with conduit dysfunction. PI on arterial conduits is a challenge for the interventional cardiologist, due to ...
Lee J H - - 2001
A huge nodular hepatocellular carcinoma located at the anterior superior portion of the left lobe in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma was treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization through the left hepatic artery. Three months later, however, there was a re-elevation of the serum alpha-fetoprotein level and evidence of a marginal ...
Jemielity M - - 2001
In spite of successful revascularization, in a significant group of patients myocardial ischaemia is present after surgery. The final effect of surgery depends on preoperative left ventricular function, initial coronary artery status, completeness of revascularization, the use of arterial or venous grafts, and many other factors. The aim of our ...
Khan M H - - 2001
Therapeutic mediastinal radiation predisposes patients to an increased risk of developing premature coronary artery disease. Other structures surrounding the heart within the radiation field are also susceptible to injury. This case report highlights the importance of recognizing concurrent damage to the internal mammary artery that, in this particular group of ...
Leavitt B J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There is clear evidence that patients having coronary artery bypass graft surgeries with an internal mammary artery (IMA) have better long-term survival. Some studies have suggested a short-term protective effect as well but, because older and sicker patients are less likely to receive an IMA graft, there has been ...
Dallan L A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Complete arterial revascularization is important in younger patients to reduce the likelihood of future reoperation. We assessed the short-term outcome of a strategy to provide complete arterial revascularization in a cohort of young patients. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-five patients underwent myocardial revascularization using artery grafts alone and were ...
Kiaii B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The ultimate goal of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the performance of a totally endoscopic procedure using multiple arterial conduits. At our center we have been routinely performing endoscopic robotic harvesting of internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) for use in minimally invasive CABG. The right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) has ...
Tabry I F - - 2001
A 42-year-old man with dextrocardia and situs inversus underwent successful off-pump total myocardial revascularization using the technique popularized by Tector [Tector 1994, Tector 1996]. The free left internal mammary artery (LIMA) was anastomosed to the in-situ right internal mammary artery (RIMA) at the level of the right-sided left atrial appendage, ...
Kerr P C - - 2001
Reoperative left anterior descending artery (LAD) revascularization can be performed through a left anterior small thoracotomy (LAST approach) in patients requiring isolated LAD revascularization. If the left internal mammary artery has been previously used, however, the operation is generally performed either through a median sternotomy or through a full posterolateral ...
Ricci M - - 2001
Reoperative grafting of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery or its diagonal branches can be accomplished through a left anterior small thoracotomy (LAST) on the beating heart using the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) as a conduit. Patients in whom the LIMA has been used previously, however, are generally ...
Madaric J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was the assessment of functional characteristics of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) bypass in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in comparison with the native LIMA using colour-duplex ultrasound as the non-invasive diagnostic method. METHODS: We examined 303 patients after myocardial revascularization ...
Tozzi P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A device to perform sutureless end-to-side coronary artery anastomosis has been developed by means of stent technology (GraftConnector). The present study assesses the long-term quality of the GraftConnector anastomosis in a sheep model. METHODS: In 8 adult sheep, 40-55 kg in weight, through left anterior thoracotomy, the right internal ...
Bizzarri F - - 2001
After heart surgery, complications affecting the brachial plexus have been reported in 2% to 38% of cases. The long thoracic nerve is vulnerable to damage at various levels, due to its long and superficial course. This nerve supplies the serratus anterior muscle, which has an important role in the abduction ...
Higami T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The safety and reliability of a method of skeletonized internal thoracic artery harvesting with an ultrasonic scalpel (Harmonic Scalpel; Ethicon Endo-Surgery, CVG, Cincinnati, Ohio) were evaluated. METHODS: The mural branches of the internal thoracic artery were cut by means of 3 methods, differentiated by distance from the site of ...
Di Giammarco G - - 2000
In the last decade arterial revascularisation has become more popular due to the routine use of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA). Left internal mammary artery grafting to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery is widely recognised as the most important single determinant of improved results from coronary revascularisation. ...
Arruda A M - - 2000
To characterize Doppler flow patterns of the grafted left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in patients with and without dobutamine stress induced wall motion abnormalities in the graft distribution, we studied 29 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery using LIMA grafts to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The ...
Hayashida N - - 2000
Based on the superior long-term results, internal thoracic artery is widely used for coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the vessel can play an important role as a collateral source to the chronically ischemic lower limbs. We reported two cases who underwent simultaneous revascularization to the myocardium and lower limbs because ...
Liu H J - - 2000
A 76-year-old man, who had inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma, had been treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) 11 times, percutaneous ethanol injection therapy three times and conformal radiotherapy once, all in other hospitals. At this admission, he developed myocutaneous necrosis in the right abdominal wall after TACE, via the collateral of ...
Ricci M - - 2000
In patients in whom the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has been previously utilized, reoperative grafting of the left anterior descending (LAD) or diagonal coronary arteries can be performed through a left anterior small thoracotomy (LAST) approach, utilizing the subclavian artery as inflow source. In such cases, however, the left ...
Weinschelbaum E E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The radial artery is being used with increasing frequency instead of the saphenous vein in coronary artery bypass grafts. We analyzed the in-hospital and midterm results in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in whom a combination of arterial grafts was used, including radial artery and one or both ...
Engelmann M G - - 2000
Non-invasive imaging techniques for the detection of graft patency after multivessel coronary revascularisation may be useful for follow-up after surgery. Forty consecutive asymptomatic patients (38 men, age 59.9+/-1.3 years) who had undergone coronary bypass surgery with at least three grafts were examined by spiral computed tomography or magnetic resonance angiography ...
Bonacchi M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We report a new technique that consists of a right Y-graft using only skeletonized internal mammary arteries (IMA) for total arterial myocardial revascularization. METHODS: This technique consists of anastomosing the in situ left IMA (LIMA) and right IMA (RIMA) to the left anterior descending and obtuse marginal artery, via ...
Boyd W D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: New technology has enabled surgeons to attempt totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Our purpose was to compare three different techniques of totally endoscopic anastomosis using a porcine animal model. METHODS: Porcine hearts were excised and the right coronary artery was dissected free for use as an arterial graft. ...
Cichon R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A tendency to reduce operative trauma is determining the evolution of cardiac surgical techniques lately. The introduction of robotic-enhanced endoscopic systems enables surgeons to perform arterial revascularization for multivessel disease without sternotomy. METHODS: From May 1999,17 (4 women, 13 men; median age 63+/-7.4 years) patients with multivessel coronary artery ...
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