Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1137
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Battellini Roberto - - 2003
Bilateral internal mammary artery grafting is associated with improved long-term patient outcomes. In situ right internal mammary artery grafting of the obtuse marginal artery, through the transverse sinus, is often limited by conduit length. We describe the technique of retrocaval positioning of the right internal mammary artery graft to extend ...
Fukuda I - - 2003
Functional occlusion of the left internal thoracic artery T graft is reported. The patient underwent triple coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic artery, anastomosing in situ to the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending artery, free right internal thoracic artery to the obtuse marginal and ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2003
We present a 65-year-old female patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus who underwent successful coronary artery bypass without cardiopulmonary bypass. Vessels revascularized included right internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery and a saphenous vein graft to the first obtuse marginal branch. The procedure was performed on a ...
Gypen Bart J - - 2003
A patient with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting was admitted with severe hemoptysis. Bronchoscopy showed recent bleeding with clot formation in the lingular bronchus, but no tumor was visualized. Several biopsies of the underlying mucosa were negative. Coronary angiography showed patent venous and arterial bypass grafts. Selective angiography ...
De Simone Luigi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patency of left and right internal mammary artery grafts respectively on the left anterior descending and right coronary artery by noninvasive transthoracic color Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: Thirty eight patients (34 males, 4 females, mean age 59 +/- 2 years), with ...
Märkl B - - 2003
Goal of this study was the morphological comparison of the left (LITA) and right internal thoracic artery (RITA). Both ITAs were taken out in 20 autopsy cases. Sections over the entire length of vessel were cut and histomorphological examination was performed. There were no significant differences between the LITA and ...
Vassiliades Thomas A TA - - 2003
A technique of harvesting both internal mammary arteries thoracoscopically using three unilateral ports is described. Bilateral thoracoscopic internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting was performed using a unilateral approach in 18 patients. The mean harvest time for harvesting was 52.3 +/- 17.5 min for the contralateral LIMA and 35.6 +/- 6.7 ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2003
BACKGROUND: No data are available on the early vasoreactive profile of skeletonized internal thoracic artery grafts. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were randomly assigned to receive a skeletonized or pedicled internal thoracic artery graft. On the second postoperative day all patients were subjected to follow-up ...
Qin Minghui M Atherosclerosis Research Center, Division of Cardiology, and Burns and Allen Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Davis Bldg #1016, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Los Angeles, Calif 90048, - - 2003
We sought to identify differentially expressed genes in the athero-prone coronary artery and athero-resistant internal mammary arteries. Using suppressive subtraction hybridization, we generated reciprocal cDNA collections of representative mRNAs specific to porcine coronary arteries versus porcine mammary arteries. We screened 1000 suppressive subtraction hybridization cDNA clones by dot blot array ...
Unlü Yahya - - 2003
PURPOSE: We evaluated the histomorphological properties of the coronary arteries, saphenous vein, and five arterial conduits for coronary artery bypass grafting, and compared them with each other. METHODS: All vessels were harvested from seven cadavers, eight autopsied individuals, and 14 patients. The length, lumen diameter, wall thickness, and histological structures ...
Semrád Michal - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to demonstrate the applicability of video-assisted multivessel revascularization through a left anterior small thoracotomy approach with the use of the Symmetry Aortic Connector System (St Jude Medical Anastomotic Technology Group, Inc, St Paul, Minn) as an alternative to the standard median sternotomy approach and to evaluate predischarge ...
Kato Hiroshi - - 2003
A 67-year-old man with chronic renal failure who was being treated with dialysis through an arteriovenous fistula in the left arm was scheduled to undergo off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Angiography detected the steal phenomenon in the left internal mammary artery during the diastolic phase. Postoperative study with Doppler guidewire ...
Dahl Shannon L M - - 2003
More than 570,000 coronary artery bypass grafts are implanted each year, creating an important demand for small-diameter vascular grafts. For patients who lack adequate internal mammary artery or saphenous vein, tissue-engineered arteries may prove useful. However, the time needed to tissue engineer arteries (7 weeks or more) is too long ...
Tjomsland Ole - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound assessment of anastomoses of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) performed on the beating heart and the angiographic assessment after 8 months. METHODS: Twenty patients (M/F ratio, 14:6; ...
Del Campo Carlos - - 2003
The internal thoracic artery is the gold-standard conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery. Until recently, it was used almost exclusively as a pedicle, with construction of 1 distal anastomosis. Skeletonization of the internal thoracic artery has recently been advocated in order to increase the number of arterial anastomoses and decrease ...
Bar-El Yaron - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and long-term patency of a new distal anastomotic device (DAD) for the creation of rapid, sutureless end-to-side venous or arterial coronary artery bypass graft anastomoses were tested in a sheep model. METHODS: The DAD was used on the beating hearts of 34 sheep to create 20 anastomoses ...
Stein Hubert - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to develop a totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass procedure for the treatment of multivessel disease (MVTECAB). METHODS: Procedure development was conducted on 6 human cadavers with the da Vinci Surgical System. For aortic clamping, a transthoracic aortic clamp was applied. The proximal anastomoses ...
Biocina Bojan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The use of arterial grafts combined with the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) procedure offers many advantages, but most of them are still to be proven in long-term studies. We present our 5-year experience in combining these 2 strategies in coronary surgery. METHODS: From February 1998 to December 2002 ...
Badmanaban Balaji - - 2003
A patient was referred for coronary artery bypass reoperation. The right internal mammary artery (RIMA) was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and a left radial artery graft (RA) was sequentially anastomosed to the posterior descending artery (PDA) and left ventricular branches (LVB) of the right coronary artery ...
Konen O - - 2002
We present two cases of an extrapleural hematoma, on a follow-up chest X-ray after coronary artery bypass surgery using an internal mammary artery (IMA). In both cases, the finding was disclosed on a routine chest film obtained 1 month post-operatively, in a patient who was either asymptomatic or had nonspecific ...
Hoppe Bobbi - - 2002
Thromboangiitis obliterans is an inflammatory peripheral vascular disease that is strongly associated with smoking. It predominantly affects distal small- and medium-sized blood vessels of both the upper and lower extremities. We present histological evidence of this disease process affecting the internal mammary arteries. This can be of paramount clinical significance ...
Türkay Cengiz - - 2002
Anomalous origin of the main coronary arteries from the aorta is rare. We report a case with a single coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva associated with atherosclerosis. The patient was treated with a coronary artery bypass procedure: left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending ...
Crowley Steven D - - 2002
In patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis, the upper extremity arteriovenous (AV) fistula is the dialysis access recommended by the DOQI guidelines for patients with appropriate vasculature. Upper extremity AV fistulae have long periods of usefulness, high flow rates, and low associated complication rates. Placement of AV access may ...
Savitt Michael A - - 2002
Aortic valve replacement in patients with a patent left internal mammary artery graft is often a challenge because of the difficulties with dissection of the left internal mammary artery and optimum myocardial protection. We describe a simple technique of aortic valve replacement with a beating heart and continuous coronary perfusion ...
Elmaci T - - 2002
Although spinal ischemia is a very well recognized complication after operation on the thoraco-abdominal and abdominal aorta, it is very rare following coronary artery bypass surgery. A case of a 56-year-old man, who had juxtarenal aortic occlusion and became paraplegic after internal mammary artery grafting for ischemic heart disease is ...
Stahl Kenneth D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Complete surgical revascularization that includes left internal thoracic artery grafting to the left anterior descending coronary artery remains the gold standard of treatment for coronary artery disease. Not all patients are good candidates for sternotomy. Therefore, we sought to identify a strategy that would combine the long-term advantages of ...
Haaverstad Rune - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although techniques for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are continually being refined, angiographic follow-up studies have indicated a higher rate of anastomoses-related stenoses than expected after traditional on-pump CABG. This study was performed to evaluate the use of intraoperative epicardial color Doppler ultrasound to quality-assess left internal mammary ...
Gomes Walter J - - 2002
The use of the internal mammary artery (IMA) in coronary artery bypass graft surgery is an independent predictor of late survival in all subsets of patients and should not be denied to any subgroup. Therefore damage to the IMA during harvesting is a catastrophic complication after which the graft is ...
Ferreira Alexandre C - - 2002
A 50-year-old man developed recurrent angina 1 year after coronary artery bypass surgery. The patient was found to have a large fistula involving branches of the internal mammary artery graft and the left pulmonary artery. In the absence of another clear cause for the patient's symptoms, we speculated that our ...
Cardon A - - 2002
We report the case of a 56-year-old symptomatic woman who underwent 2 coronary bypasses (left internal mammary artery on the left anterior artery and saphenous venous bypass on the circumflex) for a tight stenosis of the left main coronary. An inflammatory syndrome had been explored for 1 year without specific ...
Heigl Andres - - 2002
In this study, we investigated the short-term effect of 17 beta-oestradiol on functional enzyme activity (FEA) of endothelin-converting enzymes in vitro using human internal mammary arteries (n=7-8) and human saphenous veins (n=16-17) obtained from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Vascular rings were preincubated with either solvent control (0.2% ...
Lapp Harald - - 2002
Increasing use of bilateral internal mammary arteries for coronary surgery will increase the number of interventions in these grafts. Such interventions may be technically challenging because of often tortuous and angulated vessels. We describe a technique to intubate an acutely angulated right internal mammary artery that was inaccessible with conventional ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the midterm angiographic results of mammary artery grafts and the preoperative stenosis of the target vessel. METHODS: We analyzed preoperative and postoperative angiograms of 93 patients who underwent postoperative midterm (> or = 3 years) angiograms of an ...
Vargas Francisco S - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Pleuropulmonary changes are common following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery performed with a saphenous vein graft, with or without an internal mammary artery. The presence of atelectasis or pleural effusions reflects the thoracic trauma. PURPOSE: To define the postoperative incidence of changes in the lung and in the pleural ...
Bouki Konstantina P - - 2002
We describe a case of successful direct coronary stenting of two tight lesions, one at the site of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft anastomosis with left anterior descending coronary artery and the other at the site of the anastomosis between the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) graft and ...
Morocutti Giorgio - - 2002
Unligated side branches of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) have been indicated as a cause of coronary steal resulting in postoperative angina. Although a number of studies have reported successful embolization of the side branches to relieve angina, this phenomenon is still controversial and it has been either emphasized ...
Claessens Philip - - 2002
The case of a spontaneous dissection of a left internal mammary artery grafted on to the diagonal branch and the left anterior descending artery is reported. The clinical and diagnostic features of this condition are discussed. Despite an extensive literature search, no such case was found. The present case is ...
Hirose Hitoshi - - 2002
Arterial grafts are frequently used in modern coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and the benefit of the 2 internal mammary arteries (IMA) has already been established. However, the choice of the third arterial conduit, in addition to the IMA, is controversial. We have retrospectively analized perioperative and the follow-up results ...
Singh Sushil K - - 2002
A case of bilateral coronary ostial aortoarteritis, which presented with angina pectoris, is reported. Emergency total arterial revascularization was performed using the bilateral mammary artery and radial artery, and the radial artery was hanged "Y" on the left internal mammary artery. The patient was discharged on low-dose steroid. He was ...
Li J-Y - - 2002
Redo operations after coronary artery bypass surgery have been on the rise, and myocardial and graft injury during resternotomy a catastrophe. Closure of pericardium after a traditional midline incision may lead to graft distortion. In this report, we will describe a technique of pericardial closure and thymus coverage to protect ...
Engelke Christoph - - 2002
We describe a patient with inactive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presenting with sudden haemothorax, due to a ruptured internal mammary artery (IMA) aneurysm 7 years after the corticosteroid treatment was terminated. The unusual imaging findings and the treatment with embolization are discussed with a view to the role of a ...
Erdöl Cevdet - - 2002
Some different revascularization methods including coronary artery bypass surgery can be performed in the treatment of coronary artery disease. Saphenous vein grafts and/or arterial grafts including left internal mammary artery (LIMA) can be implanted during coronary bypass surgery. It is necessary to perform cannulation of the LIMA, in order to ...
Medalion Benjamin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the long-term effect of left internal thoracic artery harvesting on sternal vascularity. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients undergoing primary coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. In all patients a pedicled left internal thoracic artery was harvested. Each patient underwent a preoperative technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate bone ...
Susilo Andi W - - 2002
Robotic techniques in coronary surgery have been established for a few years. The preparation of the internal mammary arteries is now a well-described procedure, as is anastomosis to the anterior wall vessels under cardiopulmonary bypass. To achieve totally robotic complete revascularization of the heart, there are still some problems to ...
Erdil Nevzat - - 2002
Situs inversus is a rare condition and there are few reports of myocardial revascularization in such patients. A 56-year-old woman with situs inversus totalis and coronary artery disease underwent successful anastomosis of the right internal mammary artery to the anterior descending coronary artery, and a saphenous vein graft to the ...
Christensen John B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with arterial revascularisation of all diseased coronary vessels is considered highly efficient because arterial grafts have an excellent long-term patency compared with venous grafts. However, problems to reach the infero-lateral wall with the in situ internal thoracic arteries usually require alternative techniques. We present ...
Suematsu Yoshihiro - - 2002
Harvest injury of the internal mammary artery can lead to early thrombosis, which may be difficult to differentiate from atherosclerosis or harvest spasm in some cases. We describe the efficacy of intraoperative evaluation of the internal mammary artery by power Doppler imaging during off-pump or minimally invasive direct coronary artery ...
Byrne John G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve surgery after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the setting of patent pedicled internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts poses a high risk because of the underlying ischemic and valve disease. Unlike mitral valve surgery or CABG, in which aortic clamping (AoX) may be optional, aortic valve surgery ...
Tantibhedhyangkul Wiwun - - 2002
Stenosis at the origin of the left internal mammary artery graft is rare. We present a case with a suspected stenosis involving the origin of the left internal mammary artery that conventional angiography failed to demonstrate convincingly. Intravascular ultrasound illustrated a severe stenosis and the patient underwent successful stenting of ...
Taylor-Robinson D - - 2002
To determine the prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA in infrequently examined blood vessels. Vessels obtained from 15 men and six women at coronary artery bypass surgery were tested by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for C pneumoniae DNA. Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA was detected in four of six atheromatous ...
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