Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1136
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Gerosa Gino - - 2004
This case report presents the first totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass performed with a robotic system in Italy at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of Padua University in December 2001. A 66-year-old male, with an indication to a single bypass of the left anterior descending coronary artery using the left ...
Kim Byung-Young - - 2004
This paper describes a new technique for microvascular anastomosis, which involves the overlapping of the adventitias of the two ends of a severed blood vessel, and then painting a cyanoacrylate adhesive on the outer surface of the vessel around the anastomosed part. Sixteen anastomoses were performed in both radial arteries ...
Mansuro─člu Denyan - - 2004
Tension on the internal mammary artery is a major risk for anastomosis in patients with severe emphysematous lungs. For this reason, it can be necessary to harvest the internal thoracic artery to its origin, to skeletonize it, or as a last resort to use it as a free graft. Sometimes, ...
Anstadt Mark P - - 2004
PURPOSE: Stenosis and occlusion rates of internal mammary artery (IMA) and saphenous vein (SV) coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) are markedly different, which result from respective disparities in vascular remodeling. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate vascular structure and may have important influence on graft patency. ...
Kwak Y L - - 2004
The haemodynamic effects of a continuous infusion of milrinone without an initial bolus dose were evaluated in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. After internal mammary artery harvest, milrinone 0.5 microg.min(-1).kg(-1) (29 patients) or a normal saline infusion (33 patients) was started and continued until all graft anastomoses ...
Barberini F - - 2004
The lateral costal artery (LCA), a supernumerary branch of the internal thoracic artery (ITA), occurs in several ethnic groups on one side of the thorax or on both, in 15-30% of cases. It has been considered responsible for the "steal-syndrome" of the coronary blood after coronary artery bypass grafting and ...
Chen C-W - - 2004
AIM: The left internal mammary artery is the graft of choice for coronary artery bypass surgery. The necessity for preoperative internal mammary artery angiography is still controversial. We designed a prospective left internal mammary angiography for evaluating the risk of stenosis in the left internal mammary and subclavian artery, and ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the effect of surgical harvesting on internal thoracic artery innervation and to assess the eventual presence of denervation supersensitivity in skeletonized grafts. METHODS: Nineteen patients who underwent primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were randomly assigned to receive a skeletonized (n = 9) ...
Marx Roger - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This review presents an overview of interventional revascularization procedures of the internal thoracic artery after prior implantation as a coronary-artery bypass graft. METHODS: Our search was concentrated on the MEDLINE-database to identify all articles on internal thoracic artery-graft-angioplasties and reoperation after internal thoracic artery bypass grafting published between 1968 ...
Bolotin Gil - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The advantages of internal thoracic artery skeletonization include early high blood flow, a longer conduit, and less bleeding than pedicle internal thoracic artery grafts. Longer conduits are needed for complete endoscopic arterial revascularization. Therefore this study was designed to determine the feasibility and safety of internal thoracic artery skeletonization ...
Freeman Steven P - - 2004
Coronary artery dissection is a well-described but rare complication of diagnostic angiography. With increased numbers of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, the number of patients undergoing repeat angiography for chest pain should likewise increase. The authors report two cases of catheter-induced left internal mammary (LIMA) dissection and review the ...
Saha Kamalas - - 2004
Retrosternal pericardial adhesion formation constitutes a major hazard during re-do coronary artery surgery. To determine whether an onlay parietal pleural flap over the internal thoracic artery bed would reduce pericardial adhesions after coronary artery grafting, 16 sheep underwent a median sternotomy and both internal thoracic arteries were harvested. On the ...
Hartman J M - - 2004
The internal mammary artery (IMA) is the conduit of choice in coronary revascularization because of its long-term patency. We analyzed the effect of left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting on sternal perfusion. Diameters and velocity parameters of the nonmobilized right internal mammary artery (RIMA) were noninvasively analyzed with duplex ultrasound ...
Yoshikai Masaru - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The skeletonized internal thoracic artery (ITA) has several advantages over a pedicled one in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). An ultrasonic scalpel makes ITA skeletonization easy and speedy, however, the ultrasonic energy that is transmitted to the artery itself can occasionally injure the endothelium. Therefore, the endothelial integrity of ...
Grewal Harpreet Singh - - 2004
Select patients who have undergone orthotopic heart transplantation with proximal left anterior disease may be candidates for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery. Combining left internal thoracic artery transthoracic Doppler flow assessment with wall motion assessment during dobutamine stress echocardiography adds to the utility of this test by focusing ...
Northrup William F WF - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Trends in coronary artery bypass (CAB) and valve operations (VO) may help predict the future of cardiac surgery in the context of changing case mix, shifting paradigms, emerging technology, and population demographics. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all 30,319 adult CAB and VO in our group from 1979 to 1999 ...
Riess Friedrich-Christian - - 2004
Congenital fistulas from the left internal mammary artery to the pulmonary artery are rare. We describe a 49-year-old patient with severe aortic valve regurgitation and coronary artery disease. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenting had been performed because of a significant proximal LAD lesion. Repeated ...
Van der Heyden Jan - - 2004
Because of the extensive use of arterial conduits for coronary surgery there is a growing interest in percutaneous intervention in these conduits. This kind of intervention presents a challenge for the interventional cardiologist owing to the anatomic and functional characteristics of this graft. In most cases significant internal mammary artery ...
Ohtsuka Toshiya - - 2004
PURPOSE: This article describes our clinical experience with a new needle driver (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan), which we have produced to facilitate minithoracotomy or port-access coronary artery anastomosis with the running suture technique. METHODS: The needle driver is 21 cm long, weighs 38 g, and has a grip shaft 1.4 cm ...
Ercan Ertugrul - - 2004
Percutaneous transbrachial insertion of two complex coils into the intercostal branch of the left internal mammary artery resulted in the relief of severe angina in a 45-year-old man who had coronary artery bypass surgery 2 years before. The diagnosis of coronary artery steal was made clinically. This case illustrates the ...
Abbott J Dawn - - 2004
Internal mammary artery (IMA) to pulmonary artery (PA) fistula is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) that may present as myocardial ischemia. We describe a case of left IMA-to-PA fistula treated with balloon expandable coronary polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft stents and review previously reported cases of this entity.
Guzon Osler Jay J - - 2004
In some patients, myocardial ischemia after coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been attributed to a coronary steal phenomenon through a thoracic side branch originating from the left internal mammary artery (LIMA), even in the absence of subclavian or LIMA stenosis. To demonstrate that coronary flow through the LIMA is ...
West Douglas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The endoscopic atraumatic coronary artery bypass (endo-ACAB) procedure allows single-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), avoiding sternotomy or thoracotomy. We set out to define the effect of this surgical approach on postoperative recovery, blood loss, and return to work. METHODS: We performed a case-control comparison of our first 29 ...
Hung Wei-Chin - - 2003
Taking the transfemoral approach when performing a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft intervention is generally recognized as posing significant technical challenges. However, little has been reported on alternative transradial approaches to LIMA. In this report, we present our experience in a patient who had anastomosis-site LIMA graft stenosis and ...
Mihaljevic Tomislav - - 2003
Robotic takedown of the left internal mammary artery and direct off-pump anastomosis to the left anterior descending artery through small thoracotomy incisions can be done safely with minimal morbidity and is associated with decreased blood loss, decreased ventilatory requirements, less intensive care unit stay, and less overall length of stay. ...
Ege Turan - - 2003
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate the changes in antioxidant defense systems due to internal mammary artery (IMA) perfusion during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations in which proximal anastomoses were completed under partial bypass with the aid of a side-biting clamp. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-five patients to be studied ...
Zafrir Nili - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is known to have long-term patency. However, myocardial ischemia in the territories supplied by LIMA to LAD is still demonstrated. The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between the extent, location, and clinical ...
Peterson Mark D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Deep sternal wound infection is a dreaded complication of coronary artery bypass surgery, particularly in patients with diabetes. This study determines whether skeletonization of internal thoracic artery conduits compared with pedicled harvesting reduces the risk of deep sternal wound infection in patients with diabetes undergoing bilateral internal thoracic artery ...
Verghese Susan T - - 2003
Cannulation of the radial artery percutaneously or by cut down is frequently used to monitor blood pressure in infants and children undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. When radial artery cannulation is difficult because of previous cannulation attempts, and/or surgical cut downs, posterior tibial artery cannulation is sometimes undertaken. We describe a child ...
Bonacchi Massimo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether, by using the in situ right internal thoracic artery via the transverse sinus (eventually retrocaval), both the proximal and distal major branches of the circumflex system could be grafted and to evaluate the early and late outcome in these patients. ...
Ohtsuka Toshiya - - 2003
In minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (MICAB), a video-assisted needle-guided technique was used to make a mini-thoracotomy or an access-port just above the target site in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). After thoracoscopic preparation of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and pericardiotomy, a 7-cm, 23-gauge needle was ...
Chui W H - - 2003
Dextrocardia with situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital abnormality of development involving a left-handed malrotation of the visceral organs. The incidence of coronary artery disease in this condition is probably similar to that in the general population. We report herein the case of a 62-year-old man with dextrocardia and ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Use of both internal thoracic arteries in a Y graft configuration can raise concerns about the possibility of the single left internal thoracic artery being able to meet the flow requirements of two or three distal territories. We evaluated intraoperatively the flow reserve of a Y thoracic artery graft ...
Mochizuki Yasushi - - 2003
Median sternotomy wounds infected after coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal mammary arteries are generally poor in condition, cannot be debrided adequately, and are limited in flap selection for reconstruction. The authors treated 2 patients with two-stage reconstruction using a modified superior-based rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap. First, simple debridement ...
Semrad Michal - - 2003
We present an alternative way to create a video-assisted port access proximal anastomosis in the ascending aorta with the Symmetry Bypass System Aortic Connector (St. Jude Medical ATG, St. Paul, MN). This technique was successfully used in a patient undergoing urgent minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCABG), in ...
van Andel Carolien J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic connectors may induce substantial arterial wall deformation and, hence, wall injury. We studied arterial wall damage and repair after sustained large longitudinal elongation in the porcine coronary and internal mammary arteries in vivo. METHODS: A stretch device that elongates a part of the artery by 80% was implanted ...
Rashkow Andrew - - 2003
This study reviewed our experience with the long-term patency of the right internal mammary coronary artery (RIMA) bypass graft in 58 patients over 1 year. Thirty-one percent (n = 18) of patients had obstructive lesions in the RIMA. In vessels with any lesion, the percent stenosis was 85.5% (range 30% ...
Korovessis Panagiotis - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To establish the use of Color Doppler Ultrasonography to investigate internal mammary artery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Breast asymmetry in female adolescents with right convex idiopathic scoliosis was supposed to be linked with anatomic and functional asymmetry of the internal mammary artery that is ...
Kronzon Itzhak - - 2003
In patients with pericardial effusions who require anterior pericardiocentesis, it is important to avoid trauma to the left internal mammary artery. Such trauma could result in severe bleeding or tamponade. This article describes how the left internal mammary artery may be identified by duplex ultrasound, and therefore avoided. It is ...
Warner John J - - 2003
As patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting age, internal mammary artery grafts are more frequently encountered in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Angiography and interventions involving these grafts are often difficult, particularly in patients with tortuous subclavian anatomy and/or proximal internal mammary artery origins. We describe a new catheter shape, ...
Mulvihill Niall T - - 2003
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome arises when a stenosis of the subclavian artery results in reduced antegrade or retrograde flow in an internal mammary artery with resultant coronary ischemia. This occurs in patients who have previously undergone surgical coronary revascularization utilizing an internal mammary artery graft. This syndrome can be successfully ...
Halkos Michael E - - 2003
Left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting often complicates future thoracic procedures because of adhesion formation in the left chest and to the left upper lobe. We describe an adjuvant approach to left upper lobectomy for bronchogenic carcinoma in a patient with previous LIMA harvesting and ...
Caputo Massimo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare early and midterm clinical outcomes in patients receiving a right internal thoracic artery or a radial artery as the second arterial conduit for myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Data prospectively collected for all patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery between April 1996 and May 2001 and ...
van Andel Carolien J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the pig is an appropriate experimental animal for studies on distal anastomotic connectors in coronary artery bypass surgery, the mechanical properties of young porcine and old human coronary and internal mammary arteries were compared within and beyond the physiologic range of strains. METHODS: Coronary arteries from ...
Fabbrocini Mario - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Different arterial conduits have been used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), avoiding remote cardiac events associated with graft failure and improving the quality and expectancy of life in patients with coronary artery disease. The goal of this study was to evaluate the early and midterm results of total ...
Tozzi Piergiorgio - - 2003
Coronary angiography and Doppler flow measurements are most commonly used to assess the patency of anastomoses in the operating theater. Intravascular ultrasound might be another means of monitoring the surgical procedure during coronary artery bypass. Five sheep underwent off-pump bypass of the left anterior descending coronary artery using the left ...
Sharma Sanjiv - - 2003
Percutaneous intervention on a tortuous left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft is often challenging as the LIMA develops straightening and accordioning after the guidewire and dilatation balloon are placed in the graft, making angiographic assessment of the result impossible if there is no flow through the graft. We describe a ...
Banyatpiyaphod Sujit - - 2003
The use of arterial conduits in surgical treatment of coronary heart disease has been widely used. As we all know that saphenous vein graft occluded more than 50 per cent after 10 years. Most arterial conduits come from internal mammary artery, radial artery than been used for decades. Another arterial ...
Sano Tetsuro - - 2003
We developed new probes with three varying sizes (phi1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mm) with a trench for guiding the needle which made small vessel anastomoses easy and suture placement accurate with clear identification of the vessel lumen. We evaluated the efficiency of these probes on anastomoses using the bilateral common ...
Battellini Roberto - - 2003
Bilateral internal mammary artery grafting is associated with improved long-term patient outcomes. In situ right internal mammary artery grafting of the obtuse marginal artery, through the transverse sinus, is often limited by conduit length. We describe the technique of retrocaval positioning of the right internal mammary artery graft to extend ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >