Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1136
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Stoica Lucian - - 2005
We present a new pattern for tailoring the "pi" graft that uses the advantages of the mammary loop technique. The two internal thoracic mammary arteries are skeletonized. The free right mammary artery is anastomosed end-to-side to the proximal part of the in situ left mammary artery to make a "Y" ...
Wheatcroft Mark - - 2005
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether pleurotomy during internal mammary artery (IMA) harvest increases post-operative pulmonary complications. Altogether, 154 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical ...
Fuzellier Jean-François G - - 2005
Aortic valve replacement in patients who underwent previous coronary artery bypass with a patent internal thoracic artery is often a challenge because of the risk of graft injury during dissection or difficulties to obtain optimum myocardial protection. Different approaches to myocardial protection or internal thoracic graft dissection and control have ...
Bonacchi M M Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. mbonacchi@unifi.it - - 2005
To investigate in a retrospective study the technical aspects of using the in situ bilateral internal mammary arteries (IMAs), with the right IMA (RIMA) used for revascularisation of the circumflex system, and to evaluate early and late outcome. Between January 1997 and July 2003, 552 consecutive patients underwent grafting of ...
Bonatti J - - 2005
Hybrid coronary artery revascularization is a combination of minimally invasive coronary artery surgery and catheter-based coronary intervention. Hybrid procedures enable adequate revascularization of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease without complete opening of the chest and with the advantage of the most durable option, a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) ...
Schachner Thomas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is currently discussed as a potential tool for procedure planning in endoscopic heart surgery. We aimed to assess the influence of various thoracic measurements on operative times in arrested heart totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (AHTECAB). METHODS: 34 patients (aged 59 years, 71% male) ...
Bonatti J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) using robotics requires stepwise introduction into a heart surgery program. It is the aim of this study to evaluate the state of procedure development after continued application of telemanipulation techniques in the clinical setting. We also sought to assess perioperative and intermediate ...
Ito T - - 2005
A 67-year-old man suffered a traffic accident and was transferred to an emergency hospital close to the scene. He was diagnosed to have bilateral pneumohemothorax with a lung contusion, an anterior fracture dislocation of the C6-vertebra and a cervical cord injury at the level of C7. On the 48th day, ...
Likosky Donald S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Neurologic injury is a rare yet devastating outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Mechanisms producing both focal and global neurologic injuries include embolization, cerebral hypoperfusion, and hypotension. In this present study, we report an association between variations in the treatment of the internal mammary artery with the detection ...
Zeitani Jacob - - 2005
My colleagues and I present a method for revascularizing the left anterolateral myocardial wall by using an in situ left internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending coronary artery system and a short proximal segment (3 to 5 cm) of the right internal thoracic artery in Y fashion anastomosed to ...
Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2005
Transthoracic Doppler ultrasonography can assess left internal mammary artery patency and flow after coronary artery bypass grafting. We aimed to show, by transthoracic Doppler ultrasonography, the early effects upon left internal mammary artery graft flow of preoperative collateral vessels supplying the left anterior descending artery. Thirty-four consecutive patients undergoing coronary ...
Li Tianliang - - 2005
To assess the value of echocardiography for detection of the flow-dependent epicardial coronary vasodilation, the changes in internal diameter of the left anterior descending coronary arteries (LAD) induced by reactive hyperemia were studied by echocardiography in 12 health anesthetized open-chest dogs. Reactive hyperemia was induced by brief occlusion of the ...
Lodge Andrew J - - 2005
A 74-year-old man who had pseudoxanthoma elasticum presented with unstable angina and underwent urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. Preoperative angiography did not include the internal mammary arteries. Intraoperatively, the left internal mammary artery was found to be diseased and could not be used. This case lends support to the need ...
Kirali Kaan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A new technique has been developed that permits complete arterial revascularization of the lateral wall of the heart using in situ bilateral internal thoracic artery grafts in awake patients. This technique, performed without cardiopulmonary bypass or mechanical ventilation, creates the least invasive revascularization method for the lateral wall of ...
Deng Yongzhi - - 2005
To investigate the clinical use of pi graft in total arterial revascularization and its outcomes, a retrospective analysis of 23 patients out of 1000 patients undergoing total arterial coronary bypass surgery with a pi graft between September 1994 and December 2004 was performed. In the selected patients for the management ...
Gonyon Denis L DL - - 2005
Coronary artery bypass grafting is a common surgical procedure for myocardial revascularization. This operation usually involves the use of the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery and its perforators are also an important blood supply to the female breast, though ...
Morritt Daniel G - - 2004
We report a case of spontaneous transection of the left internal mammary artery 4h after a patient underwent coronary artery bypass surgery. This complication has been reported in two patients following minimal access coronary artery bypass grafting, but to our knowledge, this is the first case of transection of the ...
Honjo Osami - - 2004
We report a case of co-existent coronary and peripheral vascular disease with collaterals to the lower extremities in a 72-year-old female. The patient had triple-vessel coronary artery disease, an occlusion of the bilateral iliac arteries, and the left internal mammary-inferior epigastric artery collateral pathway was a major route to the ...
Hillock Richard J - - 2004
Surgical bypass of left coronary artery disease using the internal mammary artery (IMA) as a conduit is standard practice. Adequate blood supply to the IMA is dependent on normal flow in the subclavian artery. Stenosis of the subclavian can impair coronary supply from the internal mammary artery. This may create ...
Kjaergard Henrik K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to measure the blood flow in coronary artery bypass grafting conduits on-pump and off-pump and to estimate the total conduit flow. METHODS: In a 3.5-year period, 120 patients having coronary artery bypass grafting on-pump and 97 patients having coronary artery bypass grafting off-pump ...
Lytle Bruce W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To compare survival of patients receiving bilateral internal thoracic artery grafts and single internal thoracic artery grafts more than 20 postoperative years, assess magnitude of benefit, and identify predictors of benefit. METHODS: From cohorts of 8123 patients receiving single internal thoracic artery grafts and 2001 receiving bilateral internal thoracic ...
Leavitt B J - - 2004
When presented with a high risk case for coronary bypass surgery, the surgeon can confidently use an internal mammary artery as a conduit for that patient.
Mishra Y K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Robotically enhanced telemanipulation surgery is a fast developing technique which allows totally endoscopic cardiac surgery with utmost precision and perfection on both beating heart as well as arrested heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between December 2002 and February 2004, 125 patients underwent robotically enhanced coronary artery bypass surgery using the ...
Kirali Kaan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A new technique has been developed that permits complete arterial revascularization of the lateral and/or inferior wall of the heart using in situ bilateral internal thoracic artery grafts in awake patients. This technique, without cardiopulmonary bypass and mechanical ventilation, creates the least invasive revascularization method for the lateral and/or ...
García Fuster Rafael - - 2004
A method of total arterial revascularization is presented. This technique is based on the extension of a semi-skeletonized right internal thoracic artery graft with an entire radial artery in an end to end fashion. A complete arterial revascularization is achieved with a bilateral in situ internal thoracic artery strategy preserving ...
Deluca Albert J - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the dipyridamole stress test (DSST) in predicting > or = 50% obstruction of an internal mammary artery or new native coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with saphenous vein graft obstruction > or = ...
Vasović Ljiljana - - 2004
Some morphological characteristics of the variable thyroid ima artery were investigated on the injected fetal arteries and explained on their 106 static images. Thyroid ima artery of different origin was proven in 18 (16.9%) cases. With respect to the vascular sources of the investigated artery, the branching of the brachiocephalic ...
Sutherland Fraser W H - - 2004
We present a technique for replacement of the aortic valve in selected patients undergoing redo surgery in the presence of patent coronary artery bypass grafts and occluded native coronary arteries that affords optimal myocardial protection, limited dissection of the heart and minimal risk of injury to existing grafts, in particular, ...
Girard Dhru S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left internal mammary artery spasm is well recognized during coronary artery bypass operations. Papaverine has been used by many surgeons to maximize mammary artery flow perioperatively, but the best delivery method is not known. We analyzed two techniques used at our institution. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients were randomized into three ...
Nahabedian Maurice Y - - 2004
Clinical applications for the internal mammary artery include use as an arterial conduit for coronary revascularization and as a recipient artery for microvascular reconstruction of the breast. This study was completed in an attempt to resolve the controversy over which indication should have priority. Five hundred twenty women with breast ...
Berger Alexandre - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Internal mammary artery conduits (IMA) have an excellent long-term patency rate. Nevertheless, graft closure does occur and significantly limits future revascularization options. We sought to investigate the relationship between the long-term patency of IMA with clinical and angiographic parameters. Particularly, the preoperative degree of stenosis of the relevant bypassed ...
Ozkan Mehmet - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study was conceived to evaluate the effect of carbon dioxide insufflation on free internal thoracic artery flows. METHODS: We studied 56 consecutive patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in which the left internal thoracic artery was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery. The first 26 consecutive ...
Vicol Calin - - 2004
We report about a 72-year-old woman with coronary artery disease. Surgical revascularization was performed using three grafts. One of them was the right internal thoracic artery (RITA) to left anterior descending. This graft was covered by a PRECLUDE IMA Sleeve. Wound healing was impaired and became to a chronic sternal ...
Guray Umit - - 2004
A 58-year-old male who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using left internal mammary artery and a sequential saphenous vein graft 2 years ago presented with new onset angina. His initial physical examination revealed an unexpected continuous murmur over the left sternal border, and two-dimensional echocardiography has failed to ...
Roscitano Antonino - - 2004
In the past decade the rate of reoperative coronary bypass grafting has averaged 8%. In these patients adequate myocardial protection is often difficult because delivery of cardioplegia is frequently suboptimal when the internal mammary artery graft is patent. We describe a simple technique for performing cardiac reoperation in patients with ...
Bonacchi Massimo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the early postoperative outcome in patients undergoing "omega-anastomosis" construction, a technique that permits revascularization of coronary bifurcations employing a single arterial graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and March 2002, omega-anastomosis was employed in 12 patients. The main indication for ...
Meyer Gerd Peter - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to validate noninvasive transthoracic Doppler ultrasound (TTD) with simultaneous invasive Doppler guidewire measurements in patients after minimal invasive direct coronary artery bypass operation. METHODS: A total of 14 patients were examined 3 to 8 days after minimal invasive direct coronary artery bypass operation. TTD was ...
Deng Yongzhi - - 2004
This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for sternal wound complications in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization using bilateral semi-skeletonized internal mammary arteries. Prospectively collected data on 751 patients undergoing coronary artery surgery from September 1994 to August 2002 were analyzed. The mean age of the patients was 56 years, ...
Riquet Marc - - 2004
Chylothorax is a rare complication following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In the following case, we report a chylothorax complicating left internal mammary artery harvesting due to injury of the left anterior mediastinal lymph node chain (LAMLNC) at the level of the proximal pedicle of the mammary artery. Re-expansion pulmonary ...
Dessing Thomas C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: There is concern about the quality of the distal anastomosis in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. We investigated the impact of specific construction errors on anastomotic geometry using epicardial ultrasound. METHODS: Twelve ex vivo pressure perfused porcine and five isolated post-mortem human hearts were used to construct 35 internal ...
Casselman Filip P - - 2004
Proximal anastomotic devices for beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have been developed to avoid ascending aortic manipulation. Distal anastomotic devices may become an extremely useful tool to assist in enabling minimally invasive (robotic) multivessel CABG. As a transition phase toward this ultimate goal we have been using a ...
Lockowandt Ulf - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the tissue content and endothelin-receptor characteristics of endothelin-1 in the radial artery in relation to the internal mammary artery. DESIGN: Endothelin-1 content was quantified in the radial artery and the internal mammary artery. Both arteries were exposed to endothelin-1 and agonists of the endothelin A and B ...
Song Howard K - - 2004
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare, inherited connective tissue disorder with numerous systemic manifestations that include premature coronary artery disease. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is known to be beneficial in patients with PXE-related coronary artery disease. In these patients, however, the suitability of arterial conduits, including the internal mammary ...
Karthik Shishir - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery is recognized as the gold standard for revascularization. Several studies have shown the benefits of the left internal mammary artery. However, a substantial portion of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting does not receive this conduit. We sought ...
Ginzburg V - - 2004
In patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) through an arm arteriovenous fistula (AVF), coronary insufficiency can occur if the patient undergoes a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using the ipsilateral internal mammary artery (1-4). Therefore, the creation of a new AVF after CABG should avoid using the arm ipsilateral to the ...
Zanchetta Mario - - 2004
New lesions appearing during coronary angioplasty may be due to spasms, dissection, and thrombosis. Straightening of the tortuous vessels by guidewire may produce transient angiographic pseudo-lesions, which mimic severe artery damage. An additional case is reported, in which simultaneous artifactual lesions involved the internal mammary artery and the left anterior ...
Roguin Ariel - - 2004
Left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has the best long-term patency in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Stenosis of the proximal left subclavian artery (SA) may reduce flow to the LIMA, causing myocardial ischemia. We report a novel technique (crush stenting) for the treatment of a complex bifurcational left SA-vertebral ...
Köckeritz Ulrich - - 2004
During the past 6 years, 50 patients underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of a narrowed coronary anastomosis of a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft or PTCA of a left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis via LIMA grafts at the investigators' institution. The success rate was high at 88%. ...
Athanasiou Thanos - - 2004
Traditionally, the internal thoracic artery is harvested as a pedicle. In contemporary cardiac surgical practice, however, certain surgeons practice the internal thoracic artery-skeletonization technique. A systematic review of clinical studies reporting on the use of skeletonized internal thoracic arteries (SKT-ITA) has not yet been performed. The primary aim of this ...
Rashid A - - 2004
The use of internal mammary artery is well established not only in cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass grafting but also in plastic surgery for breast reconstruction with free autologus tissue. The complications that follow harvest of internal mammary artery for heart surgery usually relate to the wound. This case ...
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