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Results 101 - 150 of 1130
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Darwazah Ahmad K - - 2008
Atherosclerosis of the internal mammary artery is a rare disease. We describe a case in which a 41-year-old man underwent coronary artery bypass surgery 23 years after repair of aortic coarctation. The diseased mammary artery was used to graft the left anterior descending coronary artery after intraoperative confirmation of good ...
Mavili Ertugrul - - 2008
The left internal mammary artery (IMA) is the preferred native graft for left anterior descending revascularisation owing to its favourable long-term patency and resistance to atherosclerosis. Incomplete ligation of the IMA side branches may cause recurrent angina due to flow diversion. Reoperation for ligating this unligated side branches may be ...
Hollan Ivana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The main aim of the present study was to compare the occurrence of inflammatory cell infiltrates in the aorta, a vessel with a high occurrence of atherosclerosis, with that in the saphenous vein (SV) and internal mammary artery (IMA), which are protected from atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples from ...
Allen Andrew J - - 2008
Physiologic mastectomy can be used as a salvage procedure in cases of chronic suppurative mastitis, gangrenous mastitis, or chronic, severe mastitis associated with organisms liberating endotoxin or exotoxin. The surgical technique involves ligation of the major arterial blood supply (external pudendal artery) to the corresponding half of the mammary gland, ...
Puri Rishi - - 2008
A 62-year-old man underwent radiotherapy to the left upper chest for treatment of Pancoast syndrome on a background of previous coronary artery bypass grafting 12 years earlier. Within 1 year, he developed significant stenoses of both the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft and ostial left vertebral artery, presumably related ...
Kato Takayoshi - - 2008
We present a case of hybrid coronary revascularization complicated by delayed bleeding from an anastomotic site. Anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery was successfully performed via a lateral anterior small thoracotomy. Scheduled subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention of residual stenoses was successfully performed ...
Ordodi Valentin L - - 2008
Rats are used widely in ischemia-reperfusion and other heart experiments, but current protocols for thoracotomy have serious shortcomings. Median sternotomy causes bleeding from sternum itself and the internal thoracic arteries, whereas left thoracotomy requires exteriorization of the heart and its reintroduction after completion of the procedure and often is complicated ...
Gebauer Roman - - 2008
Two patients with congenital atresia of the left coronary artery ostium underwent myocardial revascularization at the age of three years and three months, respectively. The patients were admitted to the hospital with a clinical history of sudden chest pain or short apnea not necessitating resuscitation. Non-invasive examinations and hemodynamic studies ...
Burzotta Francesco - - 2008
Among patients undergoing coronary procedures, patients with coronary artery bypass grafts represent an important, high risk subgroup. Routine transradial approach may be successfully adopted in these patients to reduce access-site complications. However, transradial cannulation of the grafts may result technically demanding. In this article we discuss the specific technical issues ...
Chemelli A P - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study describes several cases of endovascular coil embolization of the proximal internal mammary artery injured by blind approach to the subclavian vein for central venous catheter or pacemaker lead insertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of five patients with iatrogenic arterial lesions of the internal ...
Chakravarthy Murali - - 2008
Dextrocardia is a rare condition that may be congenital (situs inversus) or acquired (pseudodextrocardia). Since individuals with this ailment have normal cardiac physiology and function, they may live normal lives. Similar to the general population, however, they might be susceptible to ischemic heart disease and present to a cardiothoracic surgical ...
Sodian Ralf - - 2008
PURPOSE: Resternotomy for aortic valve replacement in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting and an internal mammary artery graft may be a surgical problem. Thus, we are exploring the effect of using rapid prototyping techniques for surgical planning and intraoperative orientation during aortic valve replacement after previous coronary artery ...
Cay Serkan - - 2008
Coronary steal due to an unligated side branch of the internal mammary artery graft is a rare but important pathology causing ischaemia. We describe the case of a patient with significant ischaemia having an unligated side branch of the left internal mammary artery after coronary artery bypass surgery and who ...
Demertzis Stefanos D - - 2008
Notwithstanding non-robotic, thoracoscopic preparation of the internal mammary artery (IMA) is a difficult surgical task, an appropriate experimental training model is lacking. We evaluated the young domestic pig for this purpose. Four domestic female pigs (30-40 kg body weight) were used for this study. Bilateral thoracoscopic preparation of the IMA ...
Sachithanandan Anand - - 2008
A 58-year-old Asian male underwent an uneventful triple coronary bypass that included a pedicled left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft. On the third postoperative day, following resumption of full oral intake he developed a high output left-sided chylothorax. Initial therapy with a medium chain trigylceride diet and intercostal drainage showed ...
Alan M - - 2008
The aims of this study were to investigate whether fibrin glue can be used to close experimentally induced incisions of the teat (mammary papillae) in lactating goats and to compare the healing of the glued with the sutured incisions. Four clinically healthy lactating dairy goats, namely 8 mammary papillae were ...
Yilmaz Mehmet B - - 2009
In this study, factors leading to the failure of internal mammary artery grafting was investigated among patients with coronary bypass. In all, 1323 patients were evaluated. It was found that lower grade diameter stenosis in the native vessel during postoperative angiogram and wall motion score index independently affected the fate ...
Hakeem Abdul - - 2008
A 54-year-old man with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) presented with chest pain and was found to have non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Left heart catheterization with coronary angiography demonstrated 100% occlusion of the right internal mammary artery (IMA) to the right coronary artery graft in its midsegment ...
García-Touchard Arturo - - 2008
Specific techniques have been described for performing a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) angiography through the right radial approach. The unsuccessful LIMA angiography in anatomic situations, such as aorta dilatation or a far distal anatomical origin of the LIMA, among others, is a main problem not yet solved even with ...
Chloroyiannis Ioannis A - - 2008
Failure of saphenous vein graft conduits is the most common indication for coronary artery reintervention after coronary artery bypass surgery. To estimate the feasibility and efficacy of total arterial myocardial revascularization in our patients, routine use of pedicled bilateral internal mammary arteries with or without a radial artery was applied ...
Reicher Barry - - 2008
Surgical and percutaneous coronary artery intervention revascularization are traditionally considered isolated options. A simultaneous hybrid approach may allow an opportunity to match the best strategy for a particular anatomic lesion. Concerns regarding safety and feasibility of such an approach exist. We examined the safety, feasibility, and early outcomes of a ...
Burzotta Francesco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Transradial access for coronary angiography may offer some advantages in comparison with conventional transfemoral access in specific subgroups of patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the transradial and transfemoral approaches in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery using the left internal mammary ...
Cil Barbaros - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present our experience using the Amplatzer vascular plug in various arterial and venous systems, and follow-up results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2005 and October 2006, 20 Amplatzer vascular plugs were used to achieve occlusion in 20 vessels in 12 patients (10 male, 2 female) aged between 24 ...
Madaric Juraj - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is the conduit of choice for revascularization of coronary arteries and its popularity further increases in the era of mini-invasive coronary surgery. The aim of this study was first, to assess the accuracy of CDUS in predicting the LIMA graft dysfunction as compared ...
Parolari Alessandro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether, in recent years, sex differences in the type of care during coronary artery bypass graft surgery procedures occurred. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2004, 5,935 consecutive patients (4,867 men and 1,068 women) underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery; propensity score ...
Moustafa Sherif E - - 2009
Left internal mammary artery to pulmonary vasculature fistulas are rare complications following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. In symptomatic cases, management may either be conservative, or involve coil embolisation or surgical ligation of the fistula. We describe a 52-year-old male patient who suffered from an acute coronary syndrome due to ...
Adam Laura A - - 2008
The minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum has become increasingly popular. Life-threatening complications have included bleeding and cardiac perforation. There have been a number of delayed cases of bleeding, many of which never demonstrated a clear source. We present a case of a delayed acute bleed from the Nuss bar ...
Veeger Nic J G M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical outcome of complete arterial grafting in three-vessel disease is unknown. METHODS: We studied 344 patients who underwent complete arterial revascularization using the internal thoracic arteries and the right gastroepiploic artery. Freedom from major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and homogeneity of outcome ...
Conant Alan R - - 2008
Diadenosine polyphosphates (Ap(n)A) are released by degranulating platelets and high, local concentrations may form at sites of platelet activation. Radial artery grafts, now often used alongside the internal mammary artery in coronary artery bypass surgery, are particularly reactive to several vasoconstrictors but the response to Ap(n)A has not been investigated. ...
Fayad Georges - - 2008
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome refers to decreased or reversed internal mammary artery flow, which causes angina related to severe subclavian steno-occlusive disease in patients with in situ internal mammary-to-coronary artery graft. We report a case, the first in the literature, of a right internal mammary artery-coronary-subclavian unidirectional steal syndrome. Clinical ...
Salvucci F - - 2008
There is a pressing need to obtain adequate vascular substitutes for arterial by-pass or reconstruction. Since the performance of venous and commercially prosthetic grafts is not ideal and the availability of autologous arteries is limited, the use of cryopreserved arteries has emerged as a very attractive alternative. In this sense, ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In human patients the influence of skeletonized internal thoracic artery harvesting on the sternal microcirculation in the perioperative phase has not been well investigated. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive male patients who were scheduled for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were prospectively randomized into 2 groups. The left internal thoracic artery ...
Spoeck Alexander - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to quantify left ventricular (LV) function with automated 3-dimensional volume segmentation by 64-slice computed tomography (CT) in patients undergoing totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We used 64-multidetector CT coronary angiography to examine 63 patients with >70% coronary stenosis who were ...
Zulli A - - 2008
A growing body of evidence suggests that the angiotensin II fragments, Ang(1-7) and Ang(3-8), have a vasoactive role, however ACE2, the enzyme that produces Ang(1-7), or AT4R, the receptor that binds Ang (3-8), have yet been simultaneously localised in both normal and diseased human conduit blood vessels. We sought to ...
Reddy Proddutur R - - 2008
We report an 81-year-old man with coronary artery disease and bypass surgery with a sequential internal mammary artery (IMA) to the diagonal and then the anterior descending, who developed regional variations in the flow through his arterial conduit. Four years after his initial surgery, he developed atresia of the proximal ...
Jiga Lucian P - - 2008
Endoscopic internal mammary artery (IMA) approach represents a well-established procedure in coronary bypass surgery. However, such techniques require highly trained skills that need to be mastered in experimental models before taken into the clinic. To attain such skills, our aim was to develop a training model of thoracoscopic approach for ...
Dandolu B Reddy - - 2008
Reoperative cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witness (JW) patients with patent internal mammary arteries is a formidable surgical challenge. We have successfully performed 2 such cases using creative approaches. The first patient, a morbidly obese woman, presented with an acute coronary syndrome 4 years after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ...
Møller Christian H - - 2008
We investigated the possibility of nourishing the myocardium through selective retrograde coronary venous bypass grafting (CVBG) with an off-pump technique and evaluated various methods of monitoring the physiological effects of this procedure. In a porcine model, the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) was anastomosed to the left anterior descending coronary ...
Popov Aron Frederik - - 2008
More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are physiologically prone to less hydrostatic pressure, may undergo an accelerated progression to intimal hyperplasia and thus be suitable for ...
Bijulal S - - 2009
Formation of fistulous connection between internal mammary graft and pulmonary vasculature after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a rare event, which can result in recurrence of symptoms ranging from stable angina to myocardial infarction related to coronary steal. We hereby report a case of a 56-year-old man who was ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although accepted worldwide as the first-choice conduit for myocardial revascularization (coronary artery bypass graft surgery), it is still questionable if left internal mammary arteries (LIMAs) do better as pedicled or skeletonized grafts. Recent reports have suggested that the skeletonized technique improves the outcomes. METHODS: In all, 516 consecutive isolated ...
Taniguchi Manabu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate improvement of flow capacity in a left internal thoracic artery graft by means of pressure measurement. METHODS: Eighteen patients who received a left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery were studied. Angiography and pressure measurement at the proximal and distal ...
Horstick Georg - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts is much less pronounced than in other arteries and venous grafts. The aim of the study was to test whether various arteries respond differently to dilatation. METHODS: PTA of the IMA, carotid, renal and circumflex coronary ...
Eulmesekian Pablo G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We describe an infrequent but potentially lethal complication: an iatrogenic injury of the internal mammary artery after central venous catheterization. DESIGN: Report of cases. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS: The first patient we report on is a 3-yr-old girl who was severely neurologically damaged and was admitted to ...
Bernier Martin - - 2007
We report a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge involving an unusual coronary artery bypass complication. This is the first report of extensive systemic-pulmonary shunts involving the left internal mammary artery, lateral thoracic and intercostal arteries following coronary artery bypass surgery. Although internal mammary to pulmonary arterial fistula are uncommon complications of ...
Nishida Satoru - - 2007
This case report presents the robotically assisted multivessel minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) technique using the bilateral internal thoracic arteries. A 54-year-old man with multivessel coronary artery disease was considered eligible for a robotically assisted myocardial revascularization. The bilateral internal thoracic arteries were harvested completely in a ...
Saito Takahiko - - 2008
We report a case of internal mammary artery graft dissection. Cardiac catheterization showed a spiral dissection in the anastomotic site of internal mammary artery graft with TIMI 3 flow. Percutaneous stenting for native coronary artery lesions was performed. Cardiac catheterization, performed 2 years after the stenting, showed no change in ...
Chan Richard Y J - - 2007
We describe the case of a patient who previously had coronary artery bypass grafting including a free right internal mammary artery graft anastomosed to a chronic totally occluded right coronary artery (RCA) proximally and distally and who presented with a high-risk acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed the graft to ...
Tsakiridis Kosmas - - 2007
Two cases of internal thoracic artery side-branch ligation in patients with recurrent angina after coronary bypass are reported with long-term follow-up. Ligation was performed with clips via a left thoracotomy. Treadmill stress testing after 3 and 4 years did not provoke any myocardial ischemia. These findings suggest that an unligated ...
Pektok Erman - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Despite many animal and clinical studies to date, there is still debate on the effect of internal thoracic artery harvesting on postoperative sternal perfusion and thus healing. We performed a prospective clinical study to assess the postoperative sternal perfusion in patients who underwent surgical coronary revascularization by means of ...
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