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Artyukhin A A - - 2002
Anastomoses between three main vessels of the testes (testicular, cremasteric, and efferent duct arteries) at the level of the inguinal and scrotal parts of the spermatic cord are extremely rare. The role of these anastomoses in the maintenance of collateral circulation is negligible. A complex anatomical formation located near epididymis-efferent ...
Berney Susan - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lung hyperinflation is a technique used by physiotherapists to mobilize and remove excess bronchial secretions, reinflate areas of pulmonary collapse and improve oxygenation. Hyperinflation may be delivered by the ventilator or manually, by use of a manual resuscitation circuit, depending upon the respiratory and cardiovascular status of ...
Schaper Wolfgang - - 2002
A lifelong commitment to the idea of finding the blueprint according to which collateral arteries develop from small arteriolar precursors into larger arteries that can replace occluded major arteries, including the aorta, is described. A small early discovery (the rise in poststenotic pressure following controlled progressive coronary artery occlusion), encouragement ...
González Lorenzo F - - 2001
We report on an 11-year-old boy with severe kyphoscoliosis and respiratory failure. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation by nasal mask and hospitalization resulted in improved pulmonary function, thus facilitating corrective surgery for kyphoscoliosis. Following surgery, the patient remained on mechanical ventilation at home. Clinical and pulmonary function stabilized after discharge, as noted ...
Katayama W - - 2001
An 8-year-old boy presenting with a transient weakness of the left extremities had a rare association of moyamoya disease and persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA). Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated intracranial moyamoya vessels and a PPHA on the right side. There was collateral blood flow from the posterior circulation to the ...
Echazarreta A L - - 2001
Histamine (HIST) produces greater changes in bronchial and pulmonary vasculature, and so may produce more gas exchange abnormalities, than methacholine (MTH) after inhalational challenge. The goals of this study were to compare the effects of HIST and MTH challenge on pulmonary gas exchange in patients with mild asthma at an ...
Khatua S - - 2000
Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) is a leading cause of respiratory distress in the newborn. Antenatal diagnosis of meconium stained amniotic fluid and fetal distress is important to reduce morbidity and mortality in the neonates. Amnioinfusion of saline and tracheal suctioning of meconium are preventive interventions. Babies with MAS who continue ...
Gertz M A - - 2000
We report on a 59-year-old man with renal amyloidosis who died after three doses of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor were administered. Noncardiac pulmonary edema was precipitated by the growth factor. Autopsy revealed amyloid in the lung not visible by plain chest radiograph. Patients with amyloidosis who are candidates for stem cell ...
Shime N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of hypoxic gas therapy using nitrogen, where the fraction of inspired oxygen (Fio2) was reduced to <0.21 in patients with univentricular parallel circulation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A pediatric intensive care unit at a university hospital. PATIENTS: Two neonatal patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome ...
Mizuno K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate the pulmonary congestive state of patients being mechanically ventilated, an acetylene rebreathing method was employed. Measurement of pulmonary tissue volume by the acetylene (C2H2) rebreathing method was performed in 15 patients under artificial ventilation including four congestive heart failure cases, one renal failure case, and ...
Sekine Y - - 2000
Postoperative influence of simple thoracotomy and lobectomy on pulmonary gas exchange was investigated in 10 patients undergoing thoracotomy and lobectomy (L group) and 10 patients with simple thoracotomy (ST group). Gas exchange was assessed with hot-wire mass spectrometry and blood gas analyses preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, 12, ...
Massoudy P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We have recently shown that a considerable amount of pro-inflammatory cytokines is released during pulmonary passage after aortic declamping in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The present study was performed to investigate whether bilateral extracorporeal circulation with the lungs as oxygenators can reduce the inflammatory responses of the ...
Dokka S - - 2000
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study are to investigate the toxicity associated with polycationic liposomes and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. We tested the hypothesis that the positive charge of liposomes is a key determinant of toxicity by testing differently charged liposomes in mice. METHODS: Differently charged liposomal systems including ...
Hoffmann O - - 2000
We present a new, non-invasive ultrasound method for the measurement of cerebral circulation time. After injection of a galactose-based echo-contrast agent (Levovist) into an antecubital vein, cerebral circulation time is measured as the interval between the beginning of a stable signal enhancement of at least 5 dB in the internal ...
Aliberti G - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the pulmonary vessel endothelium in the removal of circulating osteocalcin, by measuring the osteocalcin levels in serum from pulmonary and radial artery blood from 39 patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass. Because of the discrepancies between methods of measurement, two methods ...
von Oettingen G - - 2000
Estimates of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) by non-invasive xenon methods (133-xenon inhalation, xenon-enhanced computed tomography (Xe/CT) and 133-xenon iv injection) are frequently applied in the diagnosis and evaluation of patients suffering from diseases which cause disturbances in the cerebrovascular circulation. These methods all depend on an estimate of the ...
Anderson R C - - 2000
Groups of male Swiss-Webster mice breathed emissions of several brands of crib mattresses for two 1-hr periods. The authors used a computerized version of ASTM-E-981 test method to monitor respiratory frequency, pattern, and airflow velocity and to diagnose abnormalities when statistically significant changes appeared. The emissions of four mattresses caused ...
Kanji Z - - 1999
Amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity (AIPT) is one of the most serious adverse effects of amiodarone therapy and can be fatal. Therefore, vigilant monitoring is advised. Baseline chest radiograph and pulmonary function tests and follow-up chest films at 3-month intervals are advocated. However, since abnormalities on these two examinations do not always ...
Avidan M S - - 1999
We have compared the ability of naïve intubators to intubate the trachea using a laryngoscope and an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) after receiving basic training, in a randomized, prospective, crossover study in 60 patients. Ventilation of the lungs via the ILMA was also compared with ventilation with a face ...
Aubin P - - 1999
PURPOSE: To describe the anesthetic and ventilatory management of an infant with diffuse pulmonary bullous lesions. CLINICAL FEATURES: Four successive operations were scheduled for an infant with diffuse pulmonary bullous lesions. At the age of seven weeks, conventional positive pressure ventilation during laparotomy for intestinal occlusion led to arterial desaturation. ...
Brambrink A M - - 1999
High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) was used in a patient who developed the acute respiratory distress syndrome 5 days following a right pneumonectomy for bronchogenic carcinoma. When conventional pressure-controlled ventilation failed to maintain adequate oxygenation, HFOV dramatically improved oxygenation within the first few hours of therapy. Pulmonary function and gas ...
Mutzbauer T S - - 1999
This study evaluated the feasibility of using the modified semi-closed circuit underwater rebreathing system (URS) LAR VII in connection with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as an expedient ventilatory adjunct in an operational setting. Fourteen combat swimmers, unfamiliar with this equipment, underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) mannequin training using these devices. ...
Nici L - - 1999
Bleomycin is an effective anticancer agent whose treatment is limited by severe and potentially fatal pulmonary toxicity. This toxicity, characterized by alveolar inflammation and proliferative fibrosis, is mediated by active oxygen species and may result in disruption of the balance between type 2 pneumocyte apoptosis and fibroblast proliferation. The chemoprotectant ...
Musser J B - - 1999
The i.v. administration of < or = 9 mL of nonvaporized liquid halothane causes significant pulmonary damage, cardiovascular decompensation, and death. To determine whether liquid halothane mixed in a lipid emulsion would alter these toxic effects, six swine were evaluated in a randomized cross-over study. The pulmonary, analgesic, hemodynamic, and ...
Batirel H F - - 1999
Modern anatomic knowledge has developed throughout centuries with transfer of knowledge from generations to generations. Ibn-i Sina (980-1037), Razi (850-923), Davud El-Antaki (?-1008), Ali ibn Abbas (?-982), Ahmed bin Mansur (14th century), Semseddin-i Itaki (1570-1640), and Ibn-i Nafis (1210-1288) were Islamic physicians who all contributed to the understanding of anatomy. ...
Resta T C - - 1998
We have developed a pulmonary circulation laboratory exercise that effectively illustrates basic concepts typically taught in a graduate physiology curriculum. The demonstration uses an isolated, perfused rat lung model to delineate the mechanisms by which pulmonary vascular resistance can be altered either passively or in an active manner by contraction ...
Heller H - - 1998
To evaluate whether nitric oxide (NO) is an appropriate test gas for assessing pulmonary gas exchange, we determined the rates of disappearance from the alveolar space (lambda) of NO and singly and doubly 18O-labelled carbon dioxide (C16O18O, C18O2) by performing single-breath manoeuvres on seven artificially ventilated rabbits. By exploiting unique ...
Pingleton S K - - 1998
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are appropriately treated when severe airflow obstruction does not respond to intensive therapy, including, at times, noninvasive mechanical ventilation. Ventilatory strategies include avoidance of the ventilatory complications of dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation with its resultant intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure, thereby decreasing the risk of hypotension ...
Jessurun G A - - 1998
Amiodarone is frequently used for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Although the therapeutic efficacy of amiodarone has been established, its use is limited by its safety profile. Amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity is one of the most life-threatening complications of this therapy. It is a relatively rare adverse effect of amiodarone and ...
Weaver L K - - 1998
We report a 53-year-old woman with ARDS who required positive pressure ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure. She sustained an acute right ventricular myocardial infarction associated with cardiovascular instability. The next day she sustained a fatal cerebral arterial gas embolism. Intravascular gas was documented within the cerebral, coronary, and pulmonary arterial ...
Dupuis J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) is associated with increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels that correlate with the severity of the disease. The pulmonary circulation is an important site for ET-1 metabolism and may modulate plasma ET-1 through an increase in production, a reduction in removal, or a combination of both. We measured ...
Higa G M - - 1997
Bleomycin is included in a number of potentially curative chemotherapy regimens. It is associated with distinct forms of pulmonary toxicity, with interstitial pneumonitis the most common. Early detection of pulmonary toxicity is not always predictable by monitoring serial chest radiographs and pulmonary function tests. Even newer serum markers are not ...
Postert T - - 1997
Power-based transcranial duplex sonography (p-TDS) is a new promising ultrasound technique that generates intravascular color signals from the amplitude of the echo signal. The present investigation was undertaken to determine the advantages and limitations of power Doppler in the assessment of the basal cerebral circulation compared with transcranial color-coded real-time ...
Yamamoto A - - 1997
The effects of absorption enhancers on the pulmonary absorption of (Asu1,7)-eel calcitonin (ECT) and their pulmonary toxicity were examined by means of in situ pulmonary experiments. The absorption of ECT from the lungs was estimated by its hypocalcemic effect. The pulmonary membrane toxicity of absorption enhancers was evaluated by the ...
Carvalho P - - 1997
Independent lung ventilation with two ventilators is sometimes used in the management of bronchopleural fistula (BPF). We describe a patient in whom gas flow through a large BPF was initially reduced, and subsequently eliminated, during differential lung ventilation using a single ventilator and a variable-resistance valve attached to one lumen ...
Blomley M J - - 1997
This paper analyses the arterial enhancement produced by short intravenous boluses of iodinated contrast medium, with particular attention to the differences between various types of contrast media. A theoretical discussion is presented, followed by a small experimental study. The characteristics of the arterial time-attenuation curve are a function of the ...
Prioreschi P - - 1996
The author discusses two points of Galenic medicine that have long interested medical historians: why did Galen describe a non-existent arterial rete mirabile at the base of the human brain and was Galen the first to discover the pulmonary circulation. After reviewing the evidence, it is concluded that Galen mistook ...
Angus R M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is useful in exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated by ventilatory failure. The effects of NIPPV were compared with those of the respiratory stimulant doxapram on gas exchange in patients with COPD and acute ventilatory failure. METHODS: Patients admitted with acute ...
Dupuis J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest a major role of the pulmonary circulation in the clearance of circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1). The contribution of the human pulmonary circulation to plasma ET-1 clearance, however, has never been quantified. The absence of an AV gradient in plasma ET-1 has previously been interpreted as evidence that ...
Jubran A - - 1996
Approximately half of the patients admitted to an ICU are admitted for the purposes of monitoring rather than interventional therapy. In the last decade, significant technologic advances have enhanced monitoring capacities, and the understanding of the pathophysiology of respiratory failure has improved pari passu, allowing clinicians to employ monitors in ...
Reid M A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To determine whether discrepancies in views on the kinetics of nitrous oxide (N2O) may have a methodological basis, we compared its kinetics, simultaneously, in the respiratory system and systemic circulation. METHODS: Six merino ewes (40-50 Kg) were previously prepared with catheters in the pulmonary artery and aorta. The animals ...
Hibler S - - 1996
We have studied the differential role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO) in the regulation of the systemic and pulmonary circulations of the lamb. Hemodynamic effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1 mg/kg i.v.), an inhibitor of NO synthesis, were determined in juvenile (6 +/- 1 weeks old) lambs, under conditions ...
Donner A - - 1996
Using SHFJV in combination with the jet laryngoscope it is possible to ventilate patients for laryngeal surgery with out the necessity for any kind of endotracheal tube or catheters. This technique can also safely be applied in patients with underlying pulmonary or cardiac disease or in obese patients. Patients with ...
Valls-i-Soler A - - 1996
We studied the effect of rescue therapy with modified porcine surfactant (Curosurf) or brief perfluorocarbon liquid ventilation on pulmonary gas exchange, mechanics and structure in very immature lambs. Both rescue strategies produced an improvement in arterial oxygenation and were able to support CO2 elimination. Histology showed unevenly inflated lungs in ...
Schraufnagel D E - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The bronchial circulation affects both pulmonary vascular and airway activity. Fundamental to understanding the role of the bronchial microcirculation in health and disease is understanding its anatomy. This study sought to identify specific structural elements that might contribute to the drop that occurs between the systemic blood pressure of ...
Taguchi S - - 1995
Extraaortic counterpulsation using skeletal muscle powered ventricles (SMPVs) has been studied mainly for the purpose of assisting the systemic circulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of assisting both the systemic and pulmonary circulations using a single SMPV. An SMPV that counterpulses the systemic circulation is ...
Pijls N H - - 1995
In this report, a patient is described with an occluded left circumflex artery, in whom the corresponding myocardium was protected at rest by sufficient collateral circulation. Because of angina pectoris class III, a PTCA of that occluded vessel was performed, complicated by a large dissection. Recruitable collateral flow, assessed from ...
Cooper R M - - 1994
This case report describes the use of an endotracheal ventilation catheter (ETVC) to provide prolonged intraoperative jet ventilation, reintubation and the maintenance of tracheal access following extubation. It emphasizes that excellent oxygenation and ventilation can be achieved but such management can be complicated by a pneumothorax even when the risks ...
Fujita M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the sensitivity to nitroglycerin of collateral vessels and recipient arteries is greater than that of donor arteries of the collateral circulation. BACKGROUND: The collateral circulation responds vigorously to nitroglycerin. However, the mechanisms of the efficacy of nitroglycerin for ...
Kogo N - - 1994
In order to elucidate the neural basis for lung ventilation in the frog, we have investigated the efferent neural activity to oropharyngeal muscles in the decerebrate, paralyzed, unanesthetized bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana. Efferent motor output was recorded from the mandibular branch of the trigeminal (Vmd), the laryngeal branch of the vagus ...
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