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Goyal Rakhee R Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital (SC), Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2012
Bilateral cleft lip and palate may occasionally be associated with complex congenital cyanotic heart disease. An infant with common atrium and single ventricle with infundibular pulmonary stenosis (Blalock-Taussig shunt done recently) presented for lip repair surgery. Balanced general anesthesia was administered using sevoflurane along with a regional nerve block to ...
Wu Yong-Fa - - 2012
Flow diverters (FD), a new generation of intracranial stents with a low porosity mesh, have been applied as an alternative treatment for intracranial aneurysms. However, their efficacy varies among aneurysms of different morphology. In this study, computational fluid dynamic simulations were performed to examine the influence of an FD on ...
Jayaraj Arjun - - 2012
Aneurysms involving the venous system are a rare entity. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman who presented to us with activity-limiting left gluteal pain and who on consequent workup was found to have a left external iliac vein aneurysm in a setting of iliocavomegaly. She underwent successful treatment ...
Li Chuanhui - - 2012
Object Some totally occluded intracranial aneurysms may recur. The role of hemodynamic mechanisms in this process remains to be elucidated. The authors used computational fluid dynamic analysis and investigated the local hemodynamic characteristics at the aneurysm neck before and after total embolization, attempting to identify hemodynamic risk factors leading to ...
Ning Wong Sydney Sek - - 2012
True brachial artery aneurysms (BAAs) are uncommon peripheral vessel aneurysms that typically occur in the setting of injury. While its relationship with trauma and infectious etiologies are well defined, the association between arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and BAA is less well understood. We present a case of a giant true BAA ...
Reeves Ryan - - 2012
There has been a resurgence of atherectomy as a strategy to treat peripheral atherosclerosis. Distal embolization occurs frequently during peripheral endovascular interventions but is of particular concern during atherectomy. We describe a case of distal embolization following atherectomy with the Pathway JetStream system successfully managed with aspiration thrombectomy and infrapopliteal ...
Johnson Pamela T - - 2012
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has evolved as an alternative to open repair for a range of aortic pathology. The earliest endovascular repairs were limited to descending thoracic aortic pathology, but growing experience has resulted in the use of stents in the ascending aorta and aortic arch. This review presents ...
Gauthier N - - 2012
The rapidly emerging technique of cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) has enabled the anatomical assessment of coronary artery disease. CTA has very good diagnostic accuracy with the ability to detect nonobstructive from obstructive coronary artery disease and provides information on the presence of coronary artery calcification as well as on ...
Gittenberger-de Groot Adriana C - - 2012
The importance of the epicardium covering the heart and the intrapericardial part of the great arteries has reached a new summit. It has evolved as a major cellular component with impact both in development, disease and more recently also repair potential. The role of the epicardium in development, its differentiation ...
Matsuhisa Hironori - - 2012
Although isomerism of the bronchial tree is an integral part of hetrotaxy syndrome, the association of congenital tracheal stenosis is rare in this group of disorders, and it has not yet been thoroughly described in the literature. This condition is potentially life-threatening and precludes single ventricle palliation. This report presents ...
Khandenahally Ravindranath S RS Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore-69, Karnataka, - - 2013
Total anomalous systemic venous drainage is an extremely rare congenital heart defect. In this study we describe an 11-year-old girl who presented with a history of fatigue and central cyanosis that she had had since early childhood with unremarkable precordial examination results. Investigations revealed left heterotaxy with all systemic venous ...
Veger H T C - - 2012
Infection of endovascular abdominal aneurysm stent grafts is an uncommon but known complication. Inoculation with bacteria of the endovascular abdominal aneurysm stent graft during the actual implantation, in the periprocedural hospitalization or later due to an aortoenteric fistula, has been described in the literature. We report a case of endovascular ...
Khlifa Sidi - - 2012
We describe a new species of myxozoan, Henneguya mauritaniensis n. sp., extracted from the arterial bulb of the bluespotted seabream, Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830), collected in Mauritanian waters. Out of the 209 individuals examined, 30.1 % were infected with this new taxon. Spore total length ranged from 15.0 to 20.5 μm with ...
Fernández M Carmen MC Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Málaga, Málaga, - - 2012
Understanding of the aetiology of congenitally anomalous pulmonary valves remains incomplete. The aim of our study, therefore, was to elucidate the degree to which the phenotypic variation known to exist for the pulmonary valve relies on genotypic variation. Initially, we tested the hypothesis that genetically alike individuals would display similar ...
Odenthal Cara - - 2012
The 'scimitar sign' on plain chest radiograph is most commonly attributed to the presence of a scimitar vein, which is a variant of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD). An anomalous unilateral single pulmonary vein (AUSPV) is a very rare anomaly, albeit benign, which can also present with the scimitar ...
Takeshita Satoshi - - 2012
A 6.5-Fr guiding catheter (Parent Plus 45, Medikit, Tokyo, Japan), composed of a hydrophilic sheathless guiding catheter and a dilator, has recently been developed for the treatment of renal artery stenosis. Because of its unique sheathless configuration, its outer diameter is comparable to that of a conventional 4.5-Fr introducer sheath, ...
Kwan Tak W - - 2012
Transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been associated with a lower incidence of major access site related complications. With the increased implementation of transradial approach in complex PCI, stent dislodgement is unavoidable in any interventionalists' career. Stent retrieval is different in a transradial approach as compared to a transfemoral approach ...
Ashikaga Takashi - - 2012
Complications of retained or entrapped equipment in the coronary system are still encountered during angioplasty procedures. Although these complications are rare, it is extremely difficult to retrieve such equipments. We report on two cases that a retained IVUS catheter or an entrapped filter wire were retrieved from the coronary system ...
Mallula Kiran - - 2012
The Amplatzer septal occluder is commonly used to close secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs). Recently, the manufacturer's recommendations have been modified with regard to contraindications for its use. These changes primarily focus on evaluation of the aortic rim (anterio-superior rim) with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). In this ...
Pettersson Monica - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Abdominal aortic aneurysm can be treated using 3 different methods: open repair, endovascular aortic repair, or conservative treatment with regular monitoring and postponement of surgery until the aneurysm is greater than 55 mm. Conservative treatment entails living with the knowledge that an aneurysm is present while undergoing annual outpatient ...
Mut F - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Flow-diverting devices are increasingly being considered for large or giant aneurysms with wide necks, which are difficult to treat with coils or clips. These devices are often oversized to achieve good positioning against the artery wall. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of oversized ...
Rheaume Pascal - - 2012
Total endovascular treatment of complex ascending and arch disease remains extremely challenging with difficulties provided by the curvature of the arch, the variable anatomy of the great vessels, the proximity of the coronary ostia, potential damage to the aortic valve, and ventricle and instability during deployment. Given this background, reports ...
Bülent E - - 2012
The aim of the article was to reveal the significance of prolonged styloid process detected at forensic autopsy. A-61-year-old man was found dead in his home. The crime scene investigation exposed suicide by hanging. On internal autopsy examination pulmonary edema and congestion of all internal organs were identified. Dissection of ...
Fargen Kyle M - - 2012
Large and giant aneurysms pose significant challenges to the endovascular techniques of coil embolization or parent vessel reconstruction. Many large aneurysms are wide-necked with bulbous domes and frequently require stent-assisted coiling or flow diversion to reconstruct and preserve flow through the parent artery. Often the wire must be looped in ...
Sankaran Sethuraman - - 2012
We present a computational framework for multiscale modeling and simulation of blood flow in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. Using this framework, only CT and non-invasive clinical measurements are required without the need to assume pressure and/or flow waveforms in the coronaries and we can capture global circulatory dynamics. ...
Santarpino Giuseppe - - 2012
The Perceval S sutureless valve prosthesis has recently been introduced as a new biological aortic valve prosthesis, but a specific learning curve is required, as for every cardiac surgical centre dealing with a new technique. After the removal of the stenotic valve, the prosthetic valve is correctly positioned within the ...
Hoon Shin Dong - - 2012
Background: Although the mechanism of migraine is regarded as a functional disorder of the brain, numerous studies have reported that migraine is closely associated with vascular system abnormalities.Case reports: We describe a 19-year-old female with recurrent migraine attacks and typical aura for 7 years. MRI showed multiple stroke lesions in ...
Pirvu Augustin - - 2012
Pulmonary sequestrations are some rare congenital anomalies. The incidence was estimated of 0.15% to 1.7%. They are characterized by a mass of non functioning pulmonary tissue that has no communication to the normal bronchial tree. The vascularisation is supplied by systemic arteries. They are classified further as intralobar and extralobar ...
Bradac Ondrej - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aneurysm (AN) treatment appears to differ from country to country and even from centre to centre. Therefore we decided to conduct a survey in order to better understand the "state of the art" in aneurysm treatment in Europe. The primary aim was to understand the roles of clipping and ...
Pfaff J - - 2012
SUMMARYEvolving techniques in interventional neuroradiology have widened therapeutic options, allowing treatment even in complex cases. Complex neuroendovascular procedures (eg, stent-assisted coiling, stent placement in X- or Y-techniques) require precise delineation of cerebral vasculature and devices. However, because of the complex anatomy or if an ideal projection is not possible, visualization ...
De León Ayala Iván Alejandro - - 2012
The aorta, which has a complex intrinsic biology and sophisticated mechanical properties for conducting the blood ejected from the left ventricle to the rest of the systemic arterial bed, is the largest and strongest artery in the body. It carries roughly 200 million liters of blood in an average lifetime. ...
Simha Parimala Prasanna - - 2012
Total anomalous systemic venous connection (TASVC) to the left atrium (LA) is a rare congenital anomaly. An 11-year-old girl presented with complaints of palpitations and cyanosis. TASVC with left isomerism and noncompaction of LV was diagnosed after contrast echocardiogram and computed tomography angiogram. The knowledge of anatomy and pathophysiology is ...
Zeller Thomas - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a new system to facilitate intraluminal advancement of conventional guidewires through chronic total occlusions (CTO) of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal artery. Methods: The ENABLER-P Balloon Catheter System uses a unique balloon-anchoring mechanism and an automated balloon inflation device ...
Al-Atabi Mushtak - - 2012
Repair of the mitral valve is defined (loosely) as a procedure that alters the valve structure, without replacement, enabling the natural valve itself to continue to perform under the physical conditions to which it is exposed. As the mitral valve is driven by flow and pressure, it should be feasible ...
Kirsch Roxanne E - - 2012
In anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), infants 6 to 12 weeks will often present with symptoms consistent with reflux or bronchiolitis. In those infants diagnosed with both ALCAPA and concomitant active respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis, others have reported delaying revascularization therapy until resolution of the ...
Johnson Pamela T - - 2012
Recent software developments enable interactive, real-time axial, 2D and 3D CT display on an iPad by cloud computing from a server for remote rendering. The purpose of this study was to compare radiologists' interpretative performance on the iPad to interpretation on the conventional picture archive and communication system (PACS). Fifty ...
Whitsitt David R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Coping strategies affect the psychosocial adaptation of couples in which one of the partners has undergone coronary artery bypass grafting. Research has focused on coping strategies of patients and spouses as individuals, but little is known about how couples cope with this procedure. The purpose of this study was ...
Halpin Jared S - - 2012
We present an unusual case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return draining a subsegmental area of the left upper lobe into the superior vena cava. To our knowledge, this type of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return has not been described previously. We briefly describe embryologic considerations that we believe could ...
Yahyayev A - - 2012
The aim of the study is to report a case of a rare congenital anomaly of the venous system and to emphasize its clinical importance. We describe a case of aplasia of the right common and external iliac veins in a healthy seven-year-old boy who was referred for Doppler ultrasound ...
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2012
Aneurysms of mediastinal systemic veins are extremely rare, usually asymptomatic and incidentally diagnosed during chest radiography. We describe the case of a giant superior vena caval aneurysm in a 14-year old male following Glenn surgery and discuss its complications and management.
Veronesi Federico - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aortic valve and the mitral valve (MV) are coupled via fibrous tissue. Simultaneous dynamic analysis of the two valves' annuli has demonstrated that they have synchronous and reciprocal behavior. Accordingly, the aims of this study were to characterize mitral-aortic coupling (MAC) in three-dimensional space before and after MV ...
Duggal Bhanu - - 2012
Submitral aneurysm is a rare cause of mitral regurgitation. This report describes a young boy with this entity, further complicated by its rupture into the left atrium.
Alwi Mazeni - - 2012
Maintaining ductal patency in duct-dependent congenital heart lesions by implantation of coronary stents is an alternative to systemic pulmonary shunt in selected cases and lesions with suitable anatomy. This article focuses on the procedure as the initial palliation in duct-dependent pulmonary circulation, its associated pitfalls and complications. A good understanding ...
Ahn Jihun - - 2012
We present a case of persistent left superior vena cava, anomalous right pulmonary venous connection to the right-sided superior vena cava and sinus venosus atrial septal defect detected by computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography and echocardiography. These defects were surgically corrected using a double-patch technique. In fact, CT can provide ...
Ratra Dhanashree D Shri Bhagawan Mahavir Department of Vitreoretinal Diseases, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India. - - 2012
To determine the systemic associations in retinal arterial occlusions (RAO) in young Indian individuals less than 40 years of age. Case records of 32 patients (35 eyes) of less than 40 years, with non-traumatic RAO were analysed. All patients underwent detailed ophthalmic and systemic evaluation including hemogram, lipid profile, coagulation ...
Ahmad Ferhaan - - 2012
In this issue of Circulation, Parikh and colleagues(1) present an elegant study that lies at the intersection of two recent major developments in cardiovascular research - the recognition of the role of microRNAs in normal and abnormal cardiovascular biology, and the introduction of computational systems biology approaches to elucidate the ...
Alexopoulos Alexandros - - 2012
Calcific aortic stenosis (CAS) comprises the leading indication for valve replacement in the Western world. Until recently, progressive calcification was considered to be a passive process. Emerging evidence, however, suggests that degenerative aortic stenosis constitutes an active process involving stimulation of several pathophysiologic pathways such as inflammation and osteogenesis. In ...
Lehner Anja - - 2012
Heterotaxy syndromes comprise a great variety of possible cardiac defects. Anomalies of the pulmonary venous system are well recognized in heterotaxy syndromes but constitute a frequently underdiagnosed subgroup. The case report describes a girl with a rare form of supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous return via a right-sided vertical vein ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2012
A simple, precise, and consistent anatomical terminology is necessary for evaluating and treating patients with varicose veins. A clear understanding of the anatomy is also very important to correctly diagnose and perform the best treatment for varicose veins. Because the anatomy depicted by ultrasonography has many variations, anatomic definition for ...
Sanders R Kent - - 2012
Using gross dissections and computed tomography we studied the lungs of juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis). Our findings indicate that both the external and internal morphology of the lungs is strikingly similar to the embryonic avian respiratory system (lungs + air sacs). We identified bronchi that we propose are homologous ...
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