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Ripa Rasmus Sejersten RS Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine and PET, KF-4012 Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
Patients with peripheral artery disease are at high risk of coronary artery disease. An increasing number of studies show that a large proportion of patients with peripheral artery disease have significant coronary atherosclerosis, even in the absence of symptoms. Although the reported prevalence of subclinical coronary artery disease varies widely ...
Marshall Richard H RH Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th Street, Payson Pavillion 5th Floor, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
Renal artery stenosis resulting in renovascular hypertension or renal ischemia is a potentially treatable condition that results in increased morbidity and mortality, especially among older individuals. Sophisticated imaging techniques are used for screening and identification of affected patients to guide therapy. Treatment guidelines recommend intervention in patients with significant renal ...
Jennings Claudine G CG Medicines Monitoring Unit and Hypertension Research Centre, Ninewells Hospital and University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK, - - 2014
Renal artery stensosis (RAS) continues to be a problem for clinicians, with no clear consensus on how to investigate and assess the clinical significance of stenotic lesions and manage the findings. RAS caused by fibromuscular dysplasia is probably commoner than previously appreciated, should be actively looked for in younger hypertensive ...
Boodhwani Munir M Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, 40 Ruskin Street, H3405, Ottawa, ON, K1Y 4W7, Canada, - - 2014
Aortic valve replacement has traditionally been the treatment of choice for patients with aortic valve insufficiency with or without aortic root pathology. Aortic valve repair is emerging as an attractive treatment alternative that avoids the long-term risks associated with prosthetic valve implantation including thromboembolism, endocarditis, prosthetic valve deterioration, and anticoagulation ...
Hahn Rebecca T RT Columbia University Medical Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
Despite the higher incidence of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), this novel treatment modality has rapidly emerged as a reasonable alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in high risk and inoperable patients. This review will discuss the current literature with respect to assessment, outcomes, predictors, ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S ES VA North Texas Healthcare System and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX, 75216, USA, - - 2014
Saphenous vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) currently accounts for approximately 6 % of all PCIs and is associated with increased risk for distal embolization and subsequent SVG failure compared with native coronary artery PCI. To minimize the risk for distal embolization, embolic protection devices should be used during SVG ...
Cartin-Ceba Rodrigo R Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) is the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with portal hypertension. Among liver transplant (LT) candidates, reported incidence rates of POPH range from 4.5% to 8.5%. In patients with LT, intraoperative death and immediate post-LT mortality are feared clinical events when transplantation is attempted in the ...
Ichihashi Shigeo S Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8521. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heavy calcified arterial lesions are challenging to endovascular treatment. Even if a guide wire passes the lesion, calcified plaque can inhibit passage or dilation of the balloon catheter. We developed a novel technique of percutaneous direct needle puncture of calcified plaque (PIERCE) to allow subsequent passage and dilation of the ...
Cappelletti Alberto A aDepartment of Cardiology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute bUnit of Genomics for Diagnosis of Human Pathologies, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between LOXIN, a new functional protective splicing isoform of the oxidized LDL receptor 1 (OLR1) gene, and the severity of coronary artery stenoses. We analyzed 100 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 100 controls, all evaluated by a new molecular biology test using highly ...
Frey Ulrich H UH From the Klinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Universität Duisburg-Essen and Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen, Germany (U.H.F., C.O., J.P.); Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (J.D.M., S.K.S., S.B.); Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas (A.A.F.); Division of Cardiovascular Anesthesiology, Texas Heart Institute, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston Texas (C.D.C.); and Helmholtz Zentrum München, Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt, Neuherberg, Germany - - 2014
Cardiac overexpression of the β-adrenoreceptor (βAR)-coupled stimulatory G-protein subunit Gαs enhances inotropic responses to adrenergic stimulation and improves survival in mice under βAR blockade. The authors recently identified three common haplotypes in the GNAS gene encoding Gαs, with the greatest Gαs protein expression and signal transduction in haplotype *3 carriers ...
Lee Wonho W Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, - - 2014
Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a rare but catastrophic cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis of PAEF is difficult to make and is frequently delayed without strong clinical suspicion. Timely surgical intervention is essential for patient's survival. We report on a case of an 86-year-old woman with no history of ...
Bao Min M Medical Center of Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; Department of Pediatric Cardiology, First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
The study was designed to analyze the results of central shunt procedure using Gore-Tex grafts for treatment of patients with complex congenital heart diseases. A Gore-Tex graft was implanted using an end-to-side anastomosis technique connecting the aorta with the pulmonary artery. The graft size was determined based on the patients' ...
Fukunaga Naoto N Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Chuo-ku, Kobe, - - 2014
Asymptomatic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, which presents in an adult, is an extremely rare entity. We discuss the management of a 63-year-old male with an asymptomatic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia discovered during aortic valve replacement.
Sarangi Siddharth S Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The finding of a mobile calcific plaque attached to the aortic valve cusp during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI/TAVR) necessitated utilization of an embolic protection device, for cerebral protection. We report the urgent but successful deployment of such a filter in a patient with a single patent internal carotid artery. ...
Tominaga Takashi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, 2-138-4, Mutsukawa, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 232-8555, - - 2014
We present three children who underwent coronary angioplasty for the surgical treatment of a congenital obstruction of the left main coronary artery. An azygos vein patch or graft was a feasible and useful material for reconstructing congenital ostial stenosis and atresia of the left main coronary artery.
Narin Nazmi N Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Erciyes University School of Medicine , Kayseri , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To find out the relation between endothelial microparticles (EMPs), pulmonary arterial stiffness and thickness of pulmonary artery intima media to determine the prognosis of Eisenmenger syndrome and their correlation with echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters. Methods: Sixteen patients with Eisenmenger syndrome and 37 control patients were included. Electron microparticles ...
Lu Song S Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common disease with often life-threatening consequences. This vascular disorder is responsible for 1-2% of all deaths in men aged 65 years or older. Autoimmunity may be responsible for the pathogenesis of AAA. Although it is well documented that infiltrating T cells are essentially always ...
Karnecki Karol K Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, ul. Dębowa 23, 80-204, Gdańsk, - - 2014
The following manuscript presents two cases of ischemic stroke secondary to traumatic internal carotid artery thrombosis with concomitant middle cerebral artery thrombosis occurring very rarely in the medico-legal practice. Penetrating neck trauma due to an occupational accident and multiple head and neck trauma secondary to battery were described. The autopsy ...
Ugurlucan Murat M Duzce Ataturk State Hospital, Duzce, Turkey, - - 2014
There is a small minority of patients with occlusive carotid artery disease, who are at high-risk for general anesthesia because of their intolerance to carotid flow blockage, even if only for seconds, without neurologic deficit. Even <30 s of temporary clamping of the carotid arteries to deploy a shunt may prove ...
Hussain Nasir N Hartford Hospital, University of Connecticut, Hartford, CT, USA, - - 2014
Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a rare but dreaded complication of mechanical heart valves. In this clinical picture, we present an elderly female who developed mechanical mitral valve thrombosis several years after mitral valve replacement. We have provided fluoroscopy as well as intraoperative images of mitral valve thrombosis and have briefly ...
Nigam Arima A Department of Cardiology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
We present a case of obstructed supracardiac total anomalous connection (TAPVC) where the vertical vein was left open at surgery because of significant pulmonary artery hypertension. One month following surgery, the patient developed progressive pulmonary venous obstruction at the pulmonary vein-left atrial junction bilaterally. The pulmonary veins were stented using ...
Buchanan Colin C CC Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Rotational vertebral artery occlusion (RVAO), or bow hunter's syndrome, most often occurs at the C1-2 level on physiological head rotation. It presents with symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI). Several previously published studies have reported on subaxial sites of vertebral artery (VA) compression by head rotation. The authors report a case ...
Kalani M Yashar S MY Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Saint Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
Object Aneurysms are relatively rare in the pediatric population and tend to include a greater proportion of large and giant lesions. A subset of these large and giant aneurysms are not amenable to direct surgical clipping and require complex treatment strategies and revascularization techniques. There are limited data available on ...
Abla Adib A AA Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Object The authors describe their experience with intracranial-to-intracranial (IC-IC) bypasses for complex anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysms with giant size, dolichoectatic morphology, or intraluminal thrombus; they determine how others have addressed the limitations of ACA bypass; and they discuss clinical indications and microsurgical technique. Methods A consecutive, single-surgeon experience with ...
Budai Caterina C Neuroradiology Department, IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of Bologna; Bologna, Italy - - - 2014
Cerebral aneurysms must be monitored for varying periods after surgical and/or endovascular treatment and the duration of follow-up will depend on the type of therapy and the immediate post-operative outcome. Surgical clipping for intracranial aneurysms is a valid treatment but the metal clips generate artefacts so that follow-up monitoring still ...
Wada Takeshi T Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University; Kashihara, Nara, Japan - - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine long-term outcomes after stent placement for subclavian artery (SA) obstructive lesions assisted by intraoperative intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The study included 25 lesions in 24 patients who underwent stent placement assisted by intraoperative IVUS for subclavian artery stenosis or obstruction at our hospital ...
Chavan Rajendra Gajanan RG Department of Neurology, KEM Hospital; Pune, India - - - 2014
We describe a unique and unusual case of post-traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) with occluded proximal internal carotid artery and CCF filling from the contralateral side with retrograde cortical venous reflux. A male patient presented with intracranial haemorrhage due to cortical venous reflux. He was treated endovascularly through a ...
van Ooij Pim P Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
To compute cohort-averaged wall shear stress (WSS) maps in the thoracic aorta of patients with aortic dilatation or valvular stenosis and to detect abnormal regional WSS. Systolic WSS vectors, estimated from four-dimensional flow MRI data, were calculated along the thoracic aorta lumen in 10 controls, 10 patients with dilated aortas, ...
De Gennaro Luisa L Cardiology Department, Ospedale S. Paolo, Bari, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism may be often promptly diagnosed just by bedside echocardiography, in the case of new onset severe right ventricular enlargement, increased pulmonary pressure and dyspnea. However, CT confirmation could be required in the presence of contrasting findings during diagnostic work up. We report the case of a 79-year old ...
Garg Gaurav G Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Sinus venosus atrial septal defect (SVASD) is located high in the atrial septum where the right superior vena cava (RSVC) enters the right atrium, and is commonly associated with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return of right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV) into RSVC. Transcatheter closure of such defects has not been ...
Alkhouli Mohamad M Cardiology Division, Temple University School of Medicine, 3041 N. Broad Street, Suite 945, Parkinson Pavilion, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left main coronary artery compression syndrome (LMCS) in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an unusual, and often a missed cause of exertional angina. Spontaneous coronary dissection (SCD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome of unknown etiology, with predilection to women in the 20s-40s. Weather the ...
Cho Young Dae YD Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, South - - 2014
The novel Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS™, LVIS and LVIS Jr.) device was recently introduced for stent-supported coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. Periprocedural and midterm follow-up results for its use in stent-supported coil embolization of unruptured aneurysms are presented herein. In this prospective multicenter study, clinical and radiologic outcomes were ...
Ece Ibrahim I Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey, - - 2014
Congenital fistula between the aorta and right atrium is a rare congenital anomaly of the heart. We report a new case of this unusual communication, which was successfully closed by transcatheter embolisation using an Amplatzer duct occluder II. A 7-year-old asymptomatic girl was referred to our institute for evaluation of ...
Cui Xiaoyang X aDepartment of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. To investigate the correlations of atheromatous plaques in the aortic arch or supra-aortic arteries with intracranial arterial stenosis and carotid plaques in stroke patients, and to determine whether taking these plaques into account will reduce the proportion of patients in the undetermined etiology group. Methods. We prospectively enrolled ...
Sharma Vidit V Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Compression of the inferior vena cava by the distended urinary bladder is rare but is usually found in the presence of lower extremity edema. Here, we present the case of a 68-year-old man found to have multiple pulmonary emboli as the first manifestation of inferior vena cava compression from a ...
Cohen-Kaminsky Sylvia S Université Paris-Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, F-94276, France; INSERM UMR-S 999, Hypertension Artérielle Pulmonaire: Physiopathologie et Innovation Thérapeutique, LabEx LERMIT, Le Plessis-Robinson, F-92350, France; Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, Département de recherche Médicale, Le Plessis-Robinson, F-92350, - - 2014
Inflammation is important for the initiation and the maintenance of vascular remodeling in most of the animal models of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and therapeutic targeting of inflammation in these models blocks PAH development. In humans, pulmonary vascular lesions of PAH are the source of cytokine and chemokine production, related ...
Levi Daniel S DS Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA; Ronald Reagan Medical Center, University of California, Los Angles, - - 2014
A 57-year-old woman developed progressive calcific mitral and aortic valve disease with a porcelain aorta secondary to a history of radiation therapy. She was considered a very poor operative candidate and referred for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Four weeks after extensive coronary artery stenting, a TAVR was performed with ...
Hegde Rahul G RG Department of Radiology, LokmanyaTilak Municipal Medical College and LokmanyaTilak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
We report clinical details and imaging findings for a case of emphysematous epididymo-orchitis with co-existing mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and a testicular artery pseudoaneurysm in a diabetic 65-year-old male. We report imaging findings from ultrasonography (USG) and contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Use of MDCT to identify, confirm, and define ...
Murakami Tomoaki T Department of Cardiology, Chiba Children's Hospital, Chiba, - - 2014
We report a unique case of compression of the superior caval vein by an aneurysmal right pulmonary artery in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve.
Wang Qian Q Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Technology Enterprise Park Room 206, 387, Technology Circle, Atlanta, GA, 30313-2412, - - 2014
Aortic root rupture is one of the most severe complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The mechanism of this adverse event remains mostly unknown. The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the biomechanical interaction between the tissue and stent for patients with a high ...
Altinbas Aysun - - 2014
Stenosis of the internal carotid artery has been associated with cognitive impairment and decline. However, studies testing the effect of carotid revascularisation on cognition have had conflicting results. This may in part be explained by variation in the flow territory of the carotid artery. In 12 to 36% of the ...
Cheaito Radi R Hôpital Européen de Paris, La Roseraie, Aubervilliers, France; Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris Sud, Générale de Santé, Hôpital Privé Jacques Cartier, Massy, - - 2014
Objectives. This study investigated the feasibility and the safety of using a 6.5 French sheathless guide catheter in patients with small radial arteries. Background. The small size of radial arteries is a limitation of transradial coronary intervention. A new sheathless guiding catheter with a diameter almost 2-fr smaller than conventional ...
Nafakhi Hussein H assistant professor, radiology and internal medicine department, AL-Sader teaching hospital, Medicine college, Kufa university, Najaf, - - 2014
Aims: To investigate the association of pericardial fat volume with coronary artery disease in patients with intermediate pretest probability for ischemic heart disease assessed by coronary CT angiography. Patients and methods: From a total of 115 consecutive Iraqi patients who underwent 64 multi-slice multidetector CT angiography examination , only 74 ...
Singh Sandeep S Additional Professor, Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, - - 2014
Objectives: We compared Dual source CT (DSCT) and conventional angiography (CA) in evaluation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of coronary arteries. Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in CTO is technically difficult and has comparatively lower success rate than intervention in non-occluded artery. Accurate anatomic assessment of lesion is an important ...
Tziomalos Konstantinos - - 2014
Arterial stiffness is independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk in patients with cardiovascular risk factors and in the general population. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is frequently characterized by increased arterial stiffness since all components of MetS are implicated in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffness. We review the management of arterial stiffness ...
van Beek S C SC Department of Vascular Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
There is clinical equipoise between open (OR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the best treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). The aim of the study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the short-term (combined 30-day or in-hospital) survival after EVAR and OR for patients ...
Loffroy R R Department of Vascular, Oncologic and Interventional Radiology, Le2i, UMR CNRS 6306, University of Dijon School of Medicine, Bocage Teaching Hospital, 14, rue Paul-Gaffarel, BP 77908, 21079 Dijon cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intractable hematuria from the bladder or the prostate can be life-threatening and its management remains a difficult clinical problem. Severe bleeding can arise as a result of radiation cystitis, bladder carcinoma, cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis, severe infection, transurethral resection of the prostate and prostate cancer. When irrigation of the bladder through a ...
Güler Sibel S Department of Neurology, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess infarct localization, clinical signs, and prognostic factors in cases with unilateral symptomatic total internal carotid occlusion. In total, 101 patients who had a diagnosis of symptomatic unilateral carotid occlusion in the Department of Neurology, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, between January 2008 ...
Rahme Ralph R Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine and Comprehensive Stroke Center at UC Neuroscience Institute, 260 Stetson Street, ML 0515, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0515, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
The conventional technique of intracranial aneurysm embolization using Onyx HD-500 (ev3 Neurovascular, Irvine, CA, USA) involves repetitive balloon inflation-deflation cycles under general anesthesia. By limiting parent artery occlusion to 5minutes, this cyclic technique is thought to minimize cerebral ischemia. However, intermittent balloon deflation may lengthen procedure time and allow balloon ...
Zhang Yanan Y From the Neurology Department, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
A 26-year-old woman developed headache, diplopia, and pulsatile tinnitus in 10 days. Neurologic examination revealed limitation of left eye movement, left dilated pupil with optic disc swelling and mild decreased vision, and a bruit over the left superior orbit. Her family history, laboratory data, and cerebral MRI showed normal findings. ...
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