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Ripa Rasmus Sejersten RS Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine and PET, KF-4012 Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
Patients with peripheral artery disease are at high risk of coronary artery disease. An increasing number of studies show that a large proportion of patients with peripheral artery disease have significant coronary atherosclerosis, even in the absence of symptoms. Although the reported prevalence of subclinical coronary artery disease varies widely ...
Marshall Richard H RH Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th Street, Payson Pavillion 5th Floor, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
Renal artery stenosis resulting in renovascular hypertension or renal ischemia is a potentially treatable condition that results in increased morbidity and mortality, especially among older individuals. Sophisticated imaging techniques are used for screening and identification of affected patients to guide therapy. Treatment guidelines recommend intervention in patients with significant renal ...
Jennings Claudine G CG Medicines Monitoring Unit and Hypertension Research Centre, Ninewells Hospital and University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK, - - 2014
Renal artery stensosis (RAS) continues to be a problem for clinicians, with no clear consensus on how to investigate and assess the clinical significance of stenotic lesions and manage the findings. RAS caused by fibromuscular dysplasia is probably commoner than previously appreciated, should be actively looked for in younger hypertensive ...
Boodhwani Munir M Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, 40 Ruskin Street, H3405, Ottawa, ON, K1Y 4W7, Canada, - - 2014
Aortic valve replacement has traditionally been the treatment of choice for patients with aortic valve insufficiency with or without aortic root pathology. Aortic valve repair is emerging as an attractive treatment alternative that avoids the long-term risks associated with prosthetic valve implantation including thromboembolism, endocarditis, prosthetic valve deterioration, and anticoagulation ...
Hahn Rebecca T RT Columbia University Medical Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
Despite the higher incidence of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), this novel treatment modality has rapidly emerged as a reasonable alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in high risk and inoperable patients. This review will discuss the current literature with respect to assessment, outcomes, predictors, ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S ES VA North Texas Healthcare System and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX, 75216, USA, - - 2014
Saphenous vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) currently accounts for approximately 6 % of all PCIs and is associated with increased risk for distal embolization and subsequent SVG failure compared with native coronary artery PCI. To minimize the risk for distal embolization, embolic protection devices should be used during SVG ...
Cartin-Ceba Rodrigo R Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) is the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with portal hypertension. Among liver transplant (LT) candidates, reported incidence rates of POPH range from 4.5% to 8.5%. In patients with LT, intraoperative death and immediate post-LT mortality are feared clinical events when transplantation is attempted in the ...
Cho Young Dae YD Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, South - - 2014
The novel Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS™, LVIS and LVIS Jr.) device was recently introduced for stent-supported coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. Periprocedural and midterm follow-up results for its use in stent-supported coil embolization of unruptured aneurysms are presented herein. In this prospective multicenter study, clinical and radiologic outcomes were ...
Ece Ibrahim I Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey, - - 2014
Congenital fistula between the aorta and right atrium is a rare congenital anomaly of the heart. We report a new case of this unusual communication, which was successfully closed by transcatheter embolisation using an Amplatzer duct occluder II. A 7-year-old asymptomatic girl was referred to our institute for evaluation of ...
Cui Xiaoyang X aDepartment of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. To investigate the correlations of atheromatous plaques in the aortic arch or supra-aortic arteries with intracranial arterial stenosis and carotid plaques in stroke patients, and to determine whether taking these plaques into account will reduce the proportion of patients in the undetermined etiology group. Methods. We prospectively enrolled ...
Hegde Rahul G RG Department of Radiology, LokmanyaTilak Municipal Medical College and LokmanyaTilak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
We report clinical details and imaging findings for a case of emphysematous epididymo-orchitis with co-existing mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and a testicular artery pseudoaneurysm in a diabetic 65-year-old male. We report imaging findings from ultrasonography (USG) and contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Use of MDCT to identify, confirm, and define ...
Murakami Tomoaki T Department of Cardiology, Chiba Children's Hospital, Chiba, - - 2014
We report a unique case of compression of the superior caval vein by an aneurysmal right pulmonary artery in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve.
Wang Qian Q Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Technology Enterprise Park Room 206, 387, Technology Circle, Atlanta, GA, 30313-2412, - - 2014
Aortic root rupture is one of the most severe complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The mechanism of this adverse event remains mostly unknown. The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the biomechanical interaction between the tissue and stent for patients with a high ...
Altinbas Aysun - - 2014
Stenosis of the internal carotid artery has been associated with cognitive impairment and decline. However, studies testing the effect of carotid revascularisation on cognition have had conflicting results. This may in part be explained by variation in the flow territory of the carotid artery. In 12 to 36% of the ...
Cheaito Radi R Hôpital Européen de Paris, La Roseraie, Aubervilliers, France; Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris Sud, Générale de Santé, Hôpital Privé Jacques Cartier, Massy, - - 2014
Objectives. This study investigated the feasibility and the safety of using a 6.5 French sheathless guide catheter in patients with small radial arteries. Background. The small size of radial arteries is a limitation of transradial coronary intervention. A new sheathless guiding catheter with a diameter almost 2-fr smaller than conventional ...
Nafakhi Hussein H assistant professor, radiology and internal medicine department, AL-Sader teaching hospital, Medicine college, Kufa university, Najaf, - - 2014
Aims: To investigate the association of pericardial fat volume with coronary artery disease in patients with intermediate pretest probability for ischemic heart disease assessed by coronary CT angiography. Patients and methods: From a total of 115 consecutive Iraqi patients who underwent 64 multi-slice multidetector CT angiography examination , only 74 ...
Singh Sandeep S Additional Professor, Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, - - 2014
Objectives: We compared Dual source CT (DSCT) and conventional angiography (CA) in evaluation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of coronary arteries. Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in CTO is technically difficult and has comparatively lower success rate than intervention in non-occluded artery. Accurate anatomic assessment of lesion is an important ...
Zhang Yanan Y From the Neurology Department, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
A 26-year-old woman developed headache, diplopia, and pulsatile tinnitus in 10 days. Neurologic examination revealed limitation of left eye movement, left dilated pupil with optic disc swelling and mild decreased vision, and a bruit over the left superior orbit. Her family history, laboratory data, and cerebral MRI showed normal findings. ...
Takahashi Daijiro D Division of Neonatology, Nagano Children's Hospital, Nagano, Japan; Division of Pediatrics, Fukuda Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of esophageal atresia/stenosis and small intestinal atresia/stenosis in Nagano, Japan, together with associated anomalies, prenatal diagnosis and survival. A population-based cohort study of the prevalence of esophageal atresia/stenosis and small intestinal atresia/stenosis was conducted in Nagano from January 1993 through ...
Pasic Miralem M Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Bleeding from the apex during transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a potentially catastrophic event, which may seem at first sight to be an uncontrollable circumstance. We describe a simple 'trick' to control this problem that we used successfully in 5 patients. A Fogarty occlusion aortic catheter is gently inserted ...
Kose Evren E Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, İnönü University, Malatya, - - 2014
The aim of this study is the evaluation of the vertebrobasilar artery system in patients with Behçet's and Neuro-Behçet's disease. For this aim; 20 adults with clinically diagnosed Behcet's disease, 20 adults with Neuro-Behçet's disease, and 19 age- and gender-matched controls were examined by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). During MRA, ...
Whisenant Justin T JT Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Patients who require sacrifice of the internal carotid artery (ICA) have a substantial risk of stroke, despite preoperative testing with temporary balloon occlusion (TBO). The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence and mechanisms of stroke after permanent carotid artery occlusion in this population. Consecutive patients undergoing TBO ...
Lovato A A Department of Neurosciences, Otolaryngology Section, University of Padova , - - 2014
Objective: Factor V Leiden (FVL) is by far the most prevalent inherited thrombophilic abnormality in Western countries, and this genetic condition has been associated with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL). Audiologists should be aware that SSHL may be the precursor of life-threatening thromboembolic events, especially in Caucasians who are more ...
Arous Edward J EJ Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, - - 2014
Background-The indications for carotid revascularization are based almost exclusively on the results of carotid duplex ultrasonography. Noninvasive vascular laboratories show large variation in the diagnostic criteria used to classify degree of carotid artery stenosis. We hypothesize that variability of these diagnostic criteria causes significant variation in stenosis classification directly affecting ...
Bratincsak Andras A Department of Cardiology, Kapi'olani Medical Specialists, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA; Department of Cardiology, Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, San Diego, Calif, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, San Diego, Calif, - - 2014
Intravascular stent placement in patients with congenital heart disease has replaced several surgical procedures because the desired outcome is achieved with a lower risk of complications. However, the blood vessels of children undergo a two- to threefold diameter increase due to somatic growth creating a dilemma: Can stents implanted in ...
Haruki Takashi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saiseikai Shimonoseki General Hospital, Shimonoseki, - - 2014
A man with Marfan syndrome underwent a Bentall procedure for annuloaortic ectasia and severe aortic regurgitation at 43 years of age. Twenty-eight years after the Bentall procedure, he developed bilateral axillary artery aneurysms (length × diameter: right: 80 × 39 mm; left: 103 × 45 mm). Aneurysmectomy and reconstruction of the axillary artery were performed using an artificial ...
Koren Fernández L L Sección de Radiología de Tórax, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary aspergillosis is a fungal infection usually caused by inhaling Aspergillus fumigatus spores. However, when we talk about aspergillosis, we normally refer to the spectrum of clinical and radiological findings that depend directly on the patient's immune status, on the prior existence of lung disease, and on the virulence of ...
Tanis Wilco W Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Haga Teaching Hospital, The Hague, The - - 2014
Two-dimensional transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (2DTTE and 2DTEE) may fail to detect signs of prosthetic heart valve (PHV) endocarditis due to acoustic shadowing. Three-dimensional (3D) TEE may have additional value; however, data are scarce. This study was performed to investigate the additional value of 3DTEE for the detection of aortic ...
Cohen José E JE Department of Neurosurgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Acute tandem occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and a major intracranial artery respond poorly to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and present an endovascular challenge. We describe our experience with emergency stent-assisted ICA angioplasty and intracranial stent-based thrombectomy of tandem occlusions. Procedures were performed from March 2010 ...
Behme D D Klinik für Radiologie, Neuroradiologie und interventionelle Therapie, Klinikum Vest, Knappschaftskrankenhaus Recklinghausen, Dorstener Str. 151, 45657, Recklinghausen, Germany, - - 2014
Acute basilar artery occlusion is associated with high rates of major morbidity and mortality. In rare cases, the underlying pathology is a high-grade stenosis of the basilar artery. We report on a series of seven cases with occluded high-grade basilar artery stenosis who received endovascular therapy at our center. Our ...
Namgung June - - 2014
Coronary anomalies are rare congenital abnormalities often found incidentally on conventional coronary angiography (CCA) or coronary CT angiography (CTA). They may result in various clinical outcomes. CCA is invasive and not able to demonstrate all coronary anomalies in detail, especially those with complex courses. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) enables visualization ...
Glueck Charles J CJ aThrombosis Center bInternal Medicine Residency Program, Jewish Hospital of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
We assessed previously undiagnosed thrombophilia-hypofibrinolysis in 11 testosterone (T)-taking men, five of whom developed deep venous thrombosis (DVT), four pulmonary embolism, one spinal cord infarction, and one osteonecrosis 3.5 months (median) after starting T gel (50-160 mg/day) or T intramuscular (50-250 mg/week). In the order of referral because of thrombosis after starting ...
Sengupta Dibyendu D Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA , 92037, - - 2014
Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children and can result in life-threatening coronary artery aneurysms in up to 25 % of patients. These aneurysms put patients at risk of thrombus formation, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Clinicians must therefore decide which patients should be treated ...
Agg Bence - - 2014
According to previous studies, aortic diameter alone seems to be insufficient to predict the event of aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome (MFS). Determining the optimal schedule for preventive aortic root replacement (ARR) aortic growth rate is of importance, as well as family history, however, none of them appear to be ...
Berry James D JD From the Neurological Clinical Research Institute (J.D.B.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and the Hotchkiss Brain Institute (L.K.), University of Calgary, - - 2014
Providers caring for people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are all too familiar with the clinical scenario of a patient with substantial leg weakness reporting new leg edema. The provider is left to weigh the danger of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) against the far more common and essentially benign edema ...
Antoniou George A GA Department of Vascular Surgery, Northern Vascular Centre, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in vascular and endovascular surgery was developed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether treatment of infra-inguinal arterial occlusive disease with drug-eluting stents (DESs) provides improved outcomes compared with bare metal stents (BMSs) or percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PTA) alone. Altogether, 136 papers were ...
Nakano Tomoyuki T Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, - - 2014
We report a case of an 18-year old female patient with symptomatic extralobar pulmonary sequestration. The initial symptom was sudden-onset right lateral abdominal pain. Enhanced computed tomography showed a 5 cm in diameter, spindle-shaped mass located in the costophrenic sinus with no aberrant artery. Exploratory thoracoscopy showed a haemorrhagic mass ...
Rohlffs Fiona F Department of Vascular Medicine, University Heart Center, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
Repair of blunt shoulder trauma with transection of the subclavian or proximal axillary artery poses a surgical challenge, especially in instable patients. Endovascular treatment for initial damage control in arterial transection has evolved as a promising technique to improve outcome, but technical success can be limited in cases of complete ...
Hoffmayer Kurt S KS Division of Cardiology, Section of Electrophysiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the aortic root are common. Coronary angiography is typically recommended prior to catheter ablation to document proximity of the ablation catheter to the coronary ostia. We sought to investigate how often catheter ablation in the aortic root could be guided by phased-array intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) ...
Siegel Yoel Y From the *University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine; and †Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, - - 2014
The aim was to assess dynamic and static parameters on routine computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) that may detect pulmonary hypertension (PH). Fifty patients underwent CTPA and echocardiograms. Twenty-six patients had PH, and 24 patients did not have PH. The following parameters were measured on CTPA: density of the pulmonary ...
Maxwell Bryan G BG Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess whether management of acute Stanford type-A aortic dissection differs in patients with congenital anomalies of the aortic arch compared with standard institutional practice. Retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients from 2001 through 2011. Quaternary referral center for surgical management of thoracic aortic disease. All patients with arch anomalies ...
Zhang Weisheng W From the *Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; and †Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, - - 2014
This study was aimed to evaluate the accuracy of "True Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession" (TrueFISP) MR angiography (MRA) for diagnosis of renal arterial stenosis (RAS) in hypertensive patients. Twenty-two patients underwent both TrueFISP MRA and contrast-enhanced MRA (CE-MRA) on a 1.5-T MR imager. Volume of main renal arteries, length ...
Takeshima Yasuhiro Y Department of Neurosurgery, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Kashihara, - - 2014
Study Design. Case report and literature review.Objective. To describe an unique case of recurrent cerebral embolisms with bilateral atlanto-axial rotational vertebral artery occlusion (RVAO), and review the literature on this rarely entity.Summary of Background Data. The few reports of bilateral bow hunter's stroke (BHS) contain either RVAO at subaxial level, ...
Gunning Paul S PS Biomechanics Research Centre, Department of Biomedical Engineering, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, - - 2014
Patients with aortic stenosis present with calcium deposits on the native aortic valve, which can result in non-concentric expansion of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) stents. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether eccentric deployment of TAVRs lead to turbulent blood flow and blood cell damage. Particle Image ...
Nossek Erez E Department of Neurosurgery, Hofstra North Shore-Long Island Jewish School of Medicine, and North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Manhasset, New York, - - 2014
Treatment of selected wide-neck internal carotid artery (ICA) bifurcation aneurysms remains challenging for clip reconstruction and for endovascular options. To describe a new endovascular treatment technique for wide-neck ICA bifurcation (ICAb) aneurysms. We have employed a treatment approach that uses both complete proximal occlusion and reversal of flow in the ...
Mortimer Alex M AM Department of Neuroradiology, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, - - 2014
Aneurysm recurrence following coil occlusion is well recognized. However, there is controversy as to how long these patients should be followed up after coiling to detect reopening. We aimed to identify the rate of late reopening and the risk factors for reopening in a large single-center cohort of ruptured aneurysms ...
Buijs E E Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands - - - 2014
Dynamic arterial lactate indices predict mortality more accurately than static arterial lactate measurements in children with septic shock or congenital cardiac defects. The current study evaluates whether this also applies to children with primary respiratory disease requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Static arterial lactate levels (LACabs) were prospectively collected before ...
Calic Zeljka Z Department of Neurology and Neurophysiology, Liverpool Hospital, - - 2014
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by severe thunderclap headaches and transient segmental cerebral arterial vasoconstriction. Precipitating factors, including the postpartum state and exposure to vasoactive substances are identified in approximately 50% of cases. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have rarely been associated with RCVS. We report a case of a ...
Kalra Dan K DK From the Dalio Institute of Cardiovascular Imaging, New York Presbyterian Hospital and the Weill Cornell Medical College (D.K.K., R.H., V.V., J.K.M.); and St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has emerged as a powerful imaging modality for the detection and prognostication of individuals with suspected coronary artery disease. Because calcification of coronary plaque occurs in proportion to the total atheroma volume, the initial diagnostic potential of CCTA focused on the identification and quantification of ...
Zhou Y Y From the Department of Neurosurgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, P.R. - - 2014
The Tubridge flow diverter is a novel device developed in China and aimed at reconstructing the parent artery and occluding the aneurysm. We conducted this study to evaluate its feasibility, safety, and efficacy for the treatment of large or giant internal carotid artery aneurysms, which are still challenging with conventional ...
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