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Bozkurt Selim S Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Continuous flow left ventricular devices (CF-LVADs) support the failing heart at a constant speed and alters the loads on the aortic valve. This may cause insufficiency in the aortic valve under long-term CF-LVAD support. The aim of this study is to assess the aortic valve function under varying speed CF-LVAD ...
Redwan Bassam B 1Department of Thoracic Surgery and Lung Support, Klinikum Ibbenbueren, Germany 2Department of Respirology, Thoracic Oncology and Respiratory Therapy, Mathias-Spital Rheine, Germany 3Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Klinikum Ibbenbueren, - - 2014
The intraoperative application of extracorporeal lung support (ECLS) devices during thoracic surgical procedures represents a modern concept with promising results. So far, pumpless extracorporeal interventional lung assist (iLA) and veno-venous or veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) via dual cannulation were utilized for complete or partial lung support throughout the surgical ...
Williams Megan J MJ Graduate Interdisciplinary Program of Biomedical - - 2014
Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVP) occurs when one of the vocal folds becomes paralyzed due to damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). Individuals with UVP experience problems with speaking, swallowing and breathing. Nearly 2/3 of all cases of UVP are associated with impaired function of the left RLN. The ...
Dogan Zeki Z Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medicine Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
We present a case with coronary bypass grafts in which venous graft was anastomosed to obtuse marginal (OM) 1 and OM2 branches sequentially. We performed percutaneous intervention to the proximal circumflex (CX), OM1, and bridging segment of the venous graft. Finally, bridging segment of the venous graft began to function ...
Bhattacharyya Parthasarathi P a Institute of Pulmocare & Research , Kolkata , - - 2014
Lung affection in chronic arsenicosis developing from chronic ingestion of arsenic contaminated groundwater has been known but little is known on its effect on pulmonary arterial system. A cross sectional study was carried out at two geographically similar areas and demographically similar populations with or without evidence of chronic arsenic ...
Ashes Catherine C aDepartment of Anaesthesia, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia bDepartment of Anaesthesia, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and echocardiographic detection of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are paramount in perioperative management. The goal of this review is to provide an overview of the recent literature on this topic. Doppler interrogation of pulmonary artery flow may provide ...
Frommelt Peter C PC Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address: - - 2014
In children with single right ventricular (RV) anomalies, changes in RV size and function may be influenced by shunt type chosen at the time of the Norwood procedure. The study sought to identify shunt-related differences in echocardiographic findings at 14 months and ≤6 months pre-Fontan in survivors of the Norwood procedure. We compared ...
Bishop Bryan M BM Bryan M. Bishop, B.S., Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist, Department of Pharmacy, St. Rita's Medical Center, Lima, OH, and Assistant Professor, Rudolph H. Raabe College of Pharmacy, Ohio Northern University, Ada, OH. - - 2014
The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, safety, and role in therapy for riociguat are reviewed. Riociguat is the first member of a new class of medications, soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators. Riociguat is indicated for patients with resistant or recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) after pulmonary endarterectomy who have World Health ...
Liu Junfeng J Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Ministry of Health, Beijing 100045, - - 2014
Coronary artery damage from Kawasaki disease (KD) is closely linked to the dysfunction of the endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the modulatory effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on EPCs and elastin breakdown of coronary arteries in a KD mouse model. A ...
Henry Francis P FP Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Royal Free Hospital, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the recipient vessels used in our cases of facial reanimation with free functional muscle transfer and to identify patient variables that may predict when the facial vessels are absent. From this we present a protocol for vessel selection in cases when the ...
Tsugu Toshimitsu T Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Cardiology, Hino Municipal Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) may improve hemodynamics and exercise tolerance in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). We studied consecutive 25 patients with CTEPH who underwent BPA and evaluated hemodynamics by right-sided heart catheterization. Right ventricular (RV) function was assessed before and after BPA by echocardiography including speckle-tracking echocardiography and 3-dimensional ...
Martinelli Gian Luca GL Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Casa di Cura Santa Maria, Bari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report the first known cases of successful implantation of the Edwards INTUITY (Edwards Lifesciences LLC, Irvine, CA) rapid-deployment valve in 3 patients with aortic stenosis presenting under emergency cardiogenic shock. At the 6-month follow-up, the 3 patients showed improved left ventricular function and improved functional capacity.
Ravona-Springer Ramit R Memory Clinic, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Regression analyses compared 41 type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 131 non-T2D cognitively normal elderly males on the associations of arterial wall function measures [large artery elasticity index (LAEI), small artery elasticity index (SAEI), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and total vascular impedance (TVI)] with cognitive performance (memory, language, and executive functions), ...
Laguna Theresa A TA Minnesota CF Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, MN, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients exhibit a progressive decline in lung function accelerated by intermittent pulmonary exacerbations. There are urgent needs for clinically relevant biomarkers to aid in the diagnosis and management of a CF pulmonary exacerbation, in addition to providing insight into its pathophysiology. Club cell secretory protein (CCSP) is ...
Paulin Roxane R Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, - - 2014
Suppression of mitochondrial function promoting proliferation and apoptosis suppression has been described in the pulmonary arteries and extrapulmonary tissues in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but the cause of this metabolic remodeling is unknown. Mice lacking sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), a mitochondrial deacetylase, have increased acetylation and inhibition of many mitochondrial enzymes and ...
Terzano C C Respiratory Diseases Unit, School of Specialization in Respiratory Diseases, University of Rome "Sapienza", Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been associated with a high frequency of arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias and causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Emerging risk factors for the development of AF include a variety of breathing disorders like COPD. Few studies have analyzed ...
Gupta Krishna B KB Department of Respiratory Medicine, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
A 47-year-old-female presented with dyspnea and unproductive cough for 4 months. General examination revealed pulsatile swelling in the midline below the thyroid cartilage present since childhood. Computed tomography-angiography of the neck showed right innominate artery dilated, elongated and coursing above downward, anterior to the trachea below the thyroid, compressing the ...
Dietemann Sébastien S From the *Service de Biophysique et Médecine Nucléaire, Hôpital de Hautepierre, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg; †ICube, Université de Strasbourg/CNRS UMR 7357; and ‡Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg-Faculté de Médecine, Strasbourg, - - 2014
We report the case of a 73-year-old woman presenting sudden blindness caused by bilateral simultaneous central retinal artery occlusion revealed by ophthalmoscopy. Temporal artery biopsy confirmed the giant cell arteritis. The patient was treated with a systemic steroid without visual recovery. FDG PET/CT was performed 6 months later in the ...
Gomez-Arroyo Jose J Victoria Johnson Center for Lung Obstructive Disease Research, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA - - 2014
Prostacyclin and its analogues improve cardiac output and functional capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. We hypothesised that prostanoids have load-independent beneficial effects on the right ventricle (RV). Angio-obliterative PAH and RV failure were induced in rats with a single ...
Na Eun Hye EH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South - - 2014
The patients with brain lesion have a high risk of pulmonary complication due to restrictive pulmonary impairment. To investigate the effectiveness of active pulmonary rehabilitation on pulmonary functional improvement in these patients. Twnety-two patients of hemiplegia or quadriplegia with brain lesion were recruited who had restrictive pulmonary impairment. The patients ...
Gaudino Mario M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since its reintroduction in the early 1990s the radial artery has gained a major role in coronary surgery, currently representing a valid alternative to the right internal thoracic artery as a second arterial graft. However, its peculiar morphologic and functional features have both surgical and clinical critical implications that must ...
Martin Emil E Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas; - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) receptor soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is a key regulator of several important vascular functions and is important for maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis and vascular plasticity. Diminished sGC expression and function contributes to pathogenesis of several cardiovascular diseases. However, the processes that control sGC expression in vascular tissue remain ...
Kordybach-Prokopiuk Maria M Instytut Kardiologii, Alpejska 42, 04-628 Warszawa, Polska Klinika Wad Wrodzonych Serca.. - - 2014
Residual hemodynamic complications remaining after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) require regular follow-up. The aim of this study was to establish the utility of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) indices in the routine clinical management in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. 83 consecutive patients with repaired ToF underwent transthoracic ...
Shriki Jabi J Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary artery aneurysms are an uncommon manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with only 14 cases reported previously in the literature. Herein, we report a 29-year-old woman with SLE who developed clinical and serologic evidence of an SLE flare and presented with chest pain and elevated serum troponin-T level. Cardiac ...
LeVarge Barbara L BL aDepartment of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center bDepartment of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is an important cause of pulmonary hypertension. Although surgery is potentially curative, some patients present with inoperable disease. In these patients, medical therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension are increasingly being used. The pathobiology of CTEPH development remains incompletely understood; however, evidence supports both large and ...
Budincevic Hrvoje H Stroke and Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, University Hospital "Sveti Duh", Zagreb, Croatia. - - 2014
We report the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with arterial hypotension, lightheadedness, vomiting, a sense of tingling in his right arm, and a right-beating horizontal nystagmus. He was initially admitted to the Intensive care unit and treated with standard vasopressor agents. A neurosonological examination showed the steal phenomenon ...
Ullery Brant W BW Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3600, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2014
Endovascular aneurysm repair has taken over open surgery as the primary strategy for treatment of patients with abdominal and thoracic aneurysms. The minimally invasive nature of these techniques requires alterations in preoperative workup, intraoperative management, and familiarity with unique complications that can occur. Familiarity from the anesthetic standpoint of endovascular ...
Oakes Daryl A DA Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive H3580, MC 5640, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this review is to provide a high level overview on current thinking for treatment of patients with combined carotid and coronary artery disease given that these patients are at higher risk of adverse cardiac events, stroke, and death. This review discusses (1) the current literature addressing perioperative ...
Flaherty James J Stanford Hospital and Clinics, 300 Pasteur Drive, Room H3580, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients presenting for vascular surgery present a challenge to anesthesiologists because of their severe systemic comorbidities. Regional anesthesia has been used as a primary anesthetic technique for many vascular procedures to avoid the cardiovascular and pulmonary perturbations associated with general anesthesia. In this article the use of regional anesthesia for ...
Lin Xiaoxi X From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital vascular anomalies, not proliferative neoplasms, but tend to behave aggressively with unpredictable growth and tissue destruction. For the understanding of the angioarchitecture of extracranial AVM, which is believed to be the main cause that explains all presenting symptoms, the study aimed to elucidate the vascular ...
Estrera Anthony L AL Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Clinical Science Program, The University of Texas Houston-Medical School Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
We report the early and late outcomes after repair of extensive aortic aneurysms using the 2-stage elephant trunk (ET) technique. Management of aneurysm involving the entire aorta is a significant challenge. Given the anatomical complexity, the staged ET procedure was devised. A paucity of long-term data of outcomes of this ...
Lee Thomas S TS Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, - - 2014
With increased awareness and liberal screening of trauma patients with identified risk factors, recent case series demonstrate improved early diagnosis of carotid artery trauma before they become problematio. There remains a need for unified screening criteria for both intracranial and extracranial carotid trauma. In the absence of contraindications, antithrombotic agents ...
Jarman Elizabeth R ER Respiratory Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Horsham, West Sussex, - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive interstitial lung disease, in which a decline in patient prognosis is frequently associated with the onset of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Animal models exhibiting principle pathophysiological features of IPF and PH could provide greater insight into mechanistic pathways underlying disease progression and a ...
Grewal N N Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the - - 2014
Dilation of the wall of the thoracic aorta can be found in patients with a tricuspid (TAV) as well as a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) with and without a syndromic component. BAV is the most common congenital cardiovascular malformation, with a population prevalence of 0.5-2 %. The clinical course is often ...
Gopal Deepa M DM Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Systemic sclerosis (SSC; scleroderma)-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major cause of mortality in SSc patients and represents an important diagnostic and therapeutic target. Our aims were to evaluate the relationship between echocardiogram-derived right-sided heart hemodynamics and gold standard right-sided heart catheterization (RHC) measurements in a scleroderma population and ...
Helo Naseem N Department of Radiology, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be difficult to manage medically and may require endoscopic or surgical interventions. The Enteryx procedure was designed to enhance the gastroesophageal barrier function by endoscopic injection of a copolymer into the lower esophageal sphincter. We present a rare case of a patient who was found ...
Tolezani Elaine Cristina EC Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Background: Changes in the properties of large arteries correlate with higher cardiovascular risk. Recent guidelines have included the assessment of those properties to detect subclinical disease. Establishing reference values for the assessment methods as well as determinants of the arterial parameters and their correlations in healthy individuals is important to ...
Dyer Kevin Todd KT Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Ashley River Tower, MSC 226, 25 Courtenay Drive , Charleston, SC, 29425, - - 2014
Pulmonary venous anomalies comprise a wide spectrum of anatomical variations and their clinical presentations may vary from the relatively benign single partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) to the critical obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We briefly review the common anomalies encountered, while highlighting the utility that computed ...
Shimohira Masashi M Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences , Nagoya , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Superselective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is important for lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. A new 1.9-Fr. no-taper microcatheter has recently become available and can be inserted into a 2.7-Fr. microcatheter. We assessed the applicability of this new triple co-axial (triaxial) system to TAE for lower GI bleeding. Material and ...
Lee Chan-Hee - - 2014
Right-sided aortic arch is a rare congenital defect usually diagnosed incidentally in adults; it is often asymptomatic unless aneurismal disease develops. In half the cases, an aberrant left subclavian artery arises from a Kommerell's diverticulum; in these cases, congenital heart anomaly is very rarely present. We report a case of ...
Das Karuna M KM Department of Medical Imaging, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, 11525, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) affects young infants and children. The underlying etiopathogenesis of this rare disease is due to the mutation of the elastin gene that is responsible for the elasticity of the arterial wall. As a result of inadequate elastin production, the major systemic arteries become abnormally rigid and can ...
Giacchi Valentina - - 2014
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a generalized systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology involving medium and small size blood vessels, particularly the coronary arteries. In these vessels a progressive stenosis may result from active remodeling with an intimal proliferation and neoangiogenesis. The aim of our study was to assess, by using high-resolution ...
Doenst Torsten T Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, - - 2014
The hemodynamic performance of prosthetic tissue valves is influenced by valve design and valve-specific sizing strategies. Design determines the actual geometric opening area (GOA) of the prosthetic valve and sizing strategy its actual chosen size. Currently, hemodynamic performance is assessed by determining the effective orifice area (EOA; derived from the ...
Xu Wei W Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, 150086, - - 2014
To explore the strategy and curative effect of emergency transcatheter arterial embolization (ETAE) in patients with massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculosis sequelae. A total of 148 patients with massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis underwent emergency arteriography. After the bleeding artery was located, patients were given embolotherapy ...
Eleid Mackram F MF From the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Department of Internal Medicine (M.F.E., R.R.G., M.S.T., A.L., M.S., P.J.B., M.P., C.S.R., S.N.H., R.G.), and Department of Radiology (T.J.V.), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognized nonatherosclerotic cause of acute coronary syndrome. The angiographic characteristics of SCAD are largely undetermined. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of coronary tortuosity in SCAD and whether it may be implicated in the disease. Patients with confirmed ...
Shinoda Koichiro K From the First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Toyama, - - 2014
Central venous catheterization at the femoral site is associated with higher complication rates of infections and thrombosis than at the jugular or subclavian sites. However, the procedure of insertion at the femoral site is considered safer. We present a unique but dangerous positioning of a left femoral central venous catheter ...
Chalegre St S Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco - PROCAPE, Recife, Brazil University of Pernambuco - UPE, Recife, Brazil Nucleus of Postgraduate and Research in Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Biological Sciences Institute - FCM/ICB, Recife, Brazil - - 2014
Thoracic aortic surgeries remain with high mortality rates, often associated with postoperative neurological complications. The choice of the right cannulation site is extremely important for suitable blood supply and maintenance of vital functions, especially of the central nervous system. To compare the influence of central versus peripheral arterial cannulation on ...
Sahin Neslin N Department of Radiology, Sifa University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey - - 2014
Virchow-Robin space (VRS) dilatation is related to many pathologic conditions, mostly associated with vascular abnormalities. White matter lesions (WMLs) are commonly seen on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with advancing age and generally considered as potential markers for vascular disease. To investigate if asymmetric dilatation of VRSs and WMLs are ...
Kessler Ketty K Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, LVTS, UMR-S1148, F-75018, Paris, - - 2014
Human thoracic aneurysm of the ascending aorta (TAA) is a chronic disease characterized by dilatation of the aortic wall, which can progress to vessel dissection and rupture. TAA has several etiologies but all forms present common features, including tissue remodeling. Here, we determined and characterized the angiogenic process associated with ...
Giuberti Rafael S O RS Hospital do Rim; Hospital São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To compare the safety, radiation dose, and contrast volume between dual axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) and conventional coronary angiography (CCA). CCA is performed in multiple, predefined stationary views, at different angulations around the patient, for both the left and right coronary arteries. DARCA (AlluraXperSwing™, Philips, the Netherlands) involves a ...
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