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Yoshizaki Tomoya T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Musashino Red Cross Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair is a valuable alternative treatment option for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms and type B dissections. However, thoracic endovascular aortic repair is associated with the risk of previously unanticipated severe complications including retrograde ascending aortic dissection. We report the case of an 86-year-old man who developed ...
Dababneh Luma L Cleveland Clinic, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a pulmonary vasculopathy that leads to failure of the right ventricle and premature death. Objectives: To determine whether the sublingual microcirculation is affected in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients compared to healthy age- and gender matched controls. Methods: Using the CapiScope Handheld Video Capillaroscope we ...
Kawazu Yukiko Y Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, - - 2014
(OBJECTIVES): Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a congenital heart disease that results in deleterious cyanosis and dyspnoea just after birth. It is well known that the prenatal diagnosis of TAPVC without intracardiac malformation is very difficult. We performed a retrospective review of the foetal echocardiograms of patients with ...
Carle Michelle V MV Retina-Vitreous Associates Medical Group, Los Angeles, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Dermal injection of cosmetic fillers can lead to irreversible blindness when injected in the forehead, and this possible adverse effect is not typically mentioned to patients. OBSERVATIONS Vision loss from central retinal artery occlusion occurring, after cosmetic facial enhancement, was irreversible in 3 patients. However, 1 patient had a ...
Tanaka M M Department of Strokology, Stroke Center, Hoshigaoka Koseinenkin Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
Several studies have reported moyamoya syndrome associated with thyroid disease, and the mechanism involved in this relationship is unknown. This study aimed to clarify the involvement of thyroid antibodies and thyroid function in intracranial arterial stenosis. The study included 30 patients <65 years of age with intracranial arterial steno-occlusion. Patients with ...
Becattini Cecilia C University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether right ventricle dilation at computed tomography (CT) angiography can be used to assess the risk of death in patients with acute pulmonary embolism.Medline and EMBASE were searched up to April 30, 2013. Studies reporting on the association between right ventricle dilation ...
Rajapaksha W R A S WR Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Provincial Forensic Pathology Unit, 25 Morton Shulman Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M3M 0B1 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hemodynamic compromise and formation of thrombi within the fibrillating atrium or atrial appendage can occur. Surgical treatment aims to eliminate dysrhythmia-triggering foci in the pulmonary veins and posterior left atrium by radiofrequency ablation techniques using ohmic heat. As medical treatment ...
Weiss Gabriel G Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hospital Hietzing, Vienna, - - 2014
Providing effective treatment for complicated type B aortic dissection (AD) with concomitant pathologies of the aortic arch or ascending aorta is challenging, especially if the aortic anatomy is contraindicated for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). We present the early results of a multicentre study using the frozen elephant trunk (FET) ...
Wu Nan - - 2014
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been a revolutionary development in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Meanwhile, unfavorable anatomy of the aneurysm has always been a challenge to vascular surgeons, and the application of EVAR in emergent and elderly patients are still in dispute. A 79-year-old woman presented as ...
Saba Luca L Department of Radiology, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria (A.O.U.), di Cagliari-Polo di Monserrato s.s. 554 Monserrato (Cagliari) 09045, - - 2014
The Circle of Willis (COW) is the main collateral system between the bilateral carotid systems and the posterior circulation. COW normal variants are encountered in up to 62% of subjects. We hypothesize that, in patients with carotid artery stenosis, the presence of COW variants is a risk factor for leukoaraiosis. ...
Shaikhrezai Kasra K Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children (Yorkhill), Glasgow, - - 2014
We describe the repair of the postoperative left main stem stenosis of a 24-day old male patient who initially underwent arterial switch operation for dextro-transposition of the great arteries. The repair was facilitated by using an autologous left innominate vein patch, while there was a shortage of suitable repair material ...
Liebeskind David S DS UCLA Stroke Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Fractional flow may identify hemodynamic effects and ischemic risk beyond percent stenosis of an artery. We hypothesized that diminished TOF-MRA signal intensity distal to an intracranial stenosis predicts stroke risk. TOF-MRA was acquired prospectively in the SONIA-WASID trials. The distal/proximal signal intensity ratio (SIR) was calculated from 3 mm regions ...
Kuoppala Monica M Vascular Center, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2014
To report contemporary outcomes, and evaluate differences after thrombolysis for occluded endoprosthesis, bypasses and native artery occlusion in patients with lower limb ischemia. Patients undergoing local intra-arterial thrombolysis for lower limb ischemia between 2001 and 2010 were identified in the prospective database for endovascular intervention, and analysis was performed retrospectively. ...
Hsu Vivien M VM Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Adult Clinical Research Center, Rutgers-RWJ Medical School, Acute Care Building, 51 French St, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. Electronic address: - - 2014
PHAROS registry is a prospective longitudinal cohort study to understand the natural history of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). "At-risk" pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is defined by these entry criteria: echocardiogram (echo) systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) >40mmHg, diffusion lung capacity of carbon monoxide (DLco) <55% predicted, or ...
Haussen Diogo C DC Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, - - 2014
The degree of coronary artery calcification has been shown to predict outcomes in coronary artery disease. The impact of intracranial carotid artery calcification on the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is unknown. The authors sought to examine if the degree of intracranial carotid artery calcification influences reperfusion or outcomes ...
Alsidawi Said S Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, 231 Albert Sabine Way, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA, - - 2014
Severe mitral valve regurgitation is a serious condition with significant morbidity and mortality. It is not uncommon recently, to see patients with significant mitral valve regurgitation that are considered "non-surgical candidates" due to their comorbidities. MitraClip is a new percutaneous approach for treating mitral valve regurgitation which involves mechanical edge-to-edge ...
Rao Sishir S Departments of Radiology, Ben Taub General Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine , Houston, TX , - - 2014
Behçet's disease is a multisystem chronic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology with a wide spectrum of symptoms and organ system involvement. Arterial manifestations, particularly of the extracranial vertebral arteries, are rare. We report an unusual case of an African American patient with Behçet's disease, who presented with bilateral spontaneous vertebral ...
Morici Bobbie B Bobbie Morici is director of clinical education in the DeSales University PA program in Center Valley, Pa., and practices at Lehigh Valley Health Network in Bethlehem, Pa. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Acute pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening diagnosis that can present with a multitude of nonspecific symptoms. Practitioners should maintain a high level of suspicion for acute pulmonary embolism in high-risk patients. Obtaining an appropriate diagnostic evaluation and choosing an adequate treatment method may reduce the morbidity and mortality of this ...
Bor A Stijntje E AS Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals with two or more first-degree relatives who have had aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) have an increased risk of aneurysms and aSAH. We investigated the yield of long-term serial screening for intracranial aneurysms in these individuals. In a cohort study, we reviewed the results of screening of individuals with a ...
Matsuda Akimasa A Department of Cardiology and Nephrology, Mie University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background: Although stent implantation is used worldwide for peripheral arterial disease, there is little data on the safety and long-term patency of stents implanted for venous disease. Methods and Results: We studied 13 patients with 14 lesions (6 males, 7 females, mean age: 63.2±10.2 years) diagnosed with venous stenosis and who underwent ...
Serra Raffaele R Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University Magna Gracia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; Interuniversity Center of Phlebolymphology, International Research and Educational Program in Clinical and Experimental Biotechnology, University Magna Gracia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, - - 2014
The purpose of this report is to present the case of a 75-year-old male affected by right common femoral artery and abdominal aortic aneurysms. His clinical history was also characterised by post-ischaemic cardiomyopathy, arterial hypertension, chronic respiratory disease and peripheral arterial disease. We performed two surgical procedures: right femoral aneurysmectomy ...
Della Puppa Alessandro A 1Department of Neurosurgery, 2Department of Anaesthesiology, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy 3Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Indocyanine Green Video-angiography (ICGV) is becoming routine in intracranial aneurysm surgery, in order to assess intra-operatively both sac obliteration and vessel patency after clipping. However, ICGV-derived data have been reported to be misleading at times. We recently noted that a simple intra-operative maneuver (the "squeezing maneuver") allows the detection of ...
Cabrilo Ivan I 1Neurosurgery Division, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva University Medical Center, Geneva, - - 2014
Augmented reality is the overlay of computer-generated images upon real-world structures. It has previously been used for image-guidance during surgical procedures, but never in the surgery of cerebral aneurysms. To report our experience of cerebral aneurysm surgery aided by augmented reality. 28 patients with 39 unruptured aneurysms were operated on ...
Brinjikji Waleed W Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cerebral aneurysm treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) often mandates device placement across the ostia of arteries of the Circle of Willis. We determined the patency rates of the posterior communicating artery (Pcomm) after placement across its ostium a PED and studied neurologic outcomes in these patients. We analyzed, ...
Di Gregorio Flavio F Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Catholic University of Sacro Cuore, Rome, - - 2014
The exceptional case of the right gastroepiploic artery (RGE) arising from the dorsal pancreatic (DP) artery in an individual affected by hepatocellular carcinoma is presented. This anatomic variant was demonstrated with a selective angiography of the common hepatic artery that showed a distinct DP artery branching from the injected artery. ...
Kouvelos George N GN Department of Surgery, Vascular Surgery Unit, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2014
A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization is necessary for achieving the best clinical outcome in all patients when extension of the stent graft to the external iliac artery is required. Altogether more than 400 papers ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, - - 2014
To determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) improves survival over drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, we performed a review with meta-analysis of exclusive OPCAB versus DES. Databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through October 2013 using Web-based search engines (PubMed and OVID). ...
Fabbri Dario D Brunel Institute for Bioengineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex , UB8 3PH, - - 2014
Ischaemic stroke is responsible for up to 80 % of stroke cases. Prevention of the reoccurrence of ischaemic attack or stroke for patients who survived the first symptoms is the major treatment target. Accurate diagnosis of the emboli source for a specific infarction lesion is very important for a better treatment ...
Ikeda Nobutaka N Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM), Tokyo, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and intima-media thickness variability (IMTV) along the artery are correlated to the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in Japanese coronary artery disease patients. Five hundred consecutive patients (312 males; median age 69 ± 11 years) who underwent carotid ultrasonography and first ...
Litsky Jason J Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Fitkin Memorial Pavilion, 789 Howard Avenue 3rd floor, New Haven, CT, 06519, USA, - - 2014
Extracranial carotid artery stenosis accounts for up to 12 % of stroke, the third leading cause of death in industrialized nations. Carotid stenoses leading to transient or permanent neurologic or retinal symptoms within the preceding 6 months are deemed symptomatic and require prompt noninvasive evaluation and treatment. Preventive medical therapy is standard ...
Møller Christian H CH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the preferred treatment in patients with complex coronary artery disease. However, whether the procedure should be performed with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, referred to as off-pump and on-pump CABG, is still up for debate. Intuitively, avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass seems beneficial ...
O'Sullivan John J Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE7 7DN, England, UK, - - 2014
Coarctation of the aorta represents more than a simple obstructive lesion, as there is often evidence of hypertension and vascular dysfunction despite successful surgery at an early age. There are ample data showing that a large proportion of patients develop arterial hypertension, and this appears to increase with age. Our ...
Panos Angela M AM Angela M. Panos, MSN, CCRN, ACNP-BC, is a certified registered nurse practitioner with the UPMC Presbyterian-Shadyside Heart and Vascular Institute Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She earned her master's of science in nursing degree from the Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program at the University of Pittsburgh. Elisabeth L. George, PhD, RN, is a clinical nurse specialist in critical care at UPMC Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Her current focus is fostering the incorporation of evidence-based practice into all aspects of nursing care at UPMC - - 2014
Severe calcific aortic stenosis (AS) is a progressive cardiac disease that predominantly affects elderly adults. The hallmark symptoms of AS include exertional dyspnea, angina, and syncope. Adults of advanced age do not usually seek treatment for symptoms until their quality of life is greatly diminished. The 2 standard treatments for ...
Patel Abhishek P AP Dept of Pathology, The Ohio State University, 410 W 10th Ave, 401 Doan Hall, Columbus, OH 43210; - - 2014
Objectives: The testicular, deferential, and cremasteric arteries and their branches surround the vas deferens (VD), leaving them susceptible to injury during vasectomy. Literature describing the caliber of arteries seen in vasectomy specimens is lacking, making it difficult to categorize the significance of an observed artery. We aimed to establish reference ...
Shaikh S S Division of Applied Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Fluorine-18-labelled fluoroxdeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has been used to evaluate atherosclerotic plaque metabolic activity, and through its uptake by macrophages is believed to have the potential to identify vulnerable plaques. The aims were to compare FDG uptake in carotid plaques from patients who had sustained a recent thromboembolic ...
Swift Andrew J AJ *Academic Unit of Radiology, Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield #Sheffield Pulmonary Vascular Disease Unit, Royal Hammashire Hospital, Sheffield ¶Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK †Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health Departments of ‡Pediatrics §Medical Physics ∥Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison **General Electric Medical Systems, Advanced Science Laboratory, Madison, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension is a condition of varied etiology, commonly associated with poor clinical outcome. Patients are categorized on the basis of pathophysiological, clinical, radiologic, and therapeutic similarities. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is often diagnosed late in its disease course, with outcome dependent on etiology, disease severity, and response to treatment. ...
Brahim Foued Ben FB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sud Francilien Hospital, 116 rue Jean Jaures, F-91100 Corbeil-Essonnes, France. - - 2014
We describe a case series of 4 fetuses with ectopic connections of the ductus venosus to the coronary sinus detected prospectively between August 2011 and February 2012 in 2 congenital cardiologic centers. An enlarged coronary sinus alerted the sonographer. Fetal echocardiography showed ectopic connection of the ductus venosus in an ...
Buljan Krunoslav K Department of Neurology, Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek, Croatia , E-mail: - - 2014
We present a 55-year-old man with repeated transient symptoms of vertebrobasilar arterial pathology. Physical examination detected no signs that would indicate the stenosis of the proximal subclavian artery segment. Ultrasound detected hemodynamic disorder of right vertebral artery, which correspond to a partial subclavian steal syndrome. Angiography shows fusiform aneurysm of ...
Liu Aijun A Department of Pediatric Heart Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Congenital heart disease with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (SPAH), previously thought to have irreversible pulmonary vascular disease (PVD), has been recently successfully corrected using diagnostic treatment and repair strategy by our surgery team. This study aimed to evaluate the midterm results of a selected cohort of older patients with nonrestrictive ...
Hitchner Elizabeth E Department of Vascular Surgery, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH IVUS) is valuable for estimating minimal lumen diameter and plaque characterization. The clinical use of IVUS in carotid intervention is not well characterized. We aim to evaluate the role of IVUS in carotid plaque characterization and determine whether it could be predictive of procedure-related microemboli. ...
Cheng Zhaoyun Z Zhengzhou University School of Basic Medicine, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, - - 2014
The radial artery (RA) is becoming a popular conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), yet data reporting the long-term results are rare. We reported our clinical, angiographic and intravascular ultrasound findings on 93 patients who had the RA used as part of the conduit for the CABG procedures during ...
Kim Yong Bae YB Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and stability of the wrap-clipping methods as a reconstructive strategy in the treatment of unclippable cerebral aneurysms. Materials and Methods: Twenty four patients who had undergone wrap-clipping microsurgery were retrospectively reviewed. Type and morphology of the treated aneurysm, utilized technique for wrap-clip procedure, and clinical ...
Kwak Ji Hee JH Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: Myocardial infarction in children with total occlusion of a coronary artery after Kawasaki disease is rare due to multiple collateral vessels. We aimed to investigate the changes in coronary perfusion associated with coronary artery occlusion after Kawasaki disease. Materials and Methods: Eleven patients with coronary artery occlusion after Kawasaki ...
Kim Taehwan T Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical outcome of bilateral uterine artery embolization (UAE) as a first-line therapeutic option for bleeding uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Materials and Methods: Between 2002 and 2012, 19 patients were diagnosed with acquired uterine AVM clinically and through imaging studies. The clinical characteristics, angiographic ...
Ishikawa Masaki M Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the characteristics of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) fed by the right renal capsular artery and to assess the tumor response and complications in patients treated with transarterial therapy via the renal capsular arteries with or without other extrahepatic arteries and/or intrahepatic arteries. Between March 2006 and May 2012, 24 ...
Smith Steven J SJ VIR Chicago, 911 Elm Street, Suite 327, Hinsdale, IL - - 2014
Three patients with complete iliocaval thrombosis causing symptomatic leg swelling failed initial treatment with standard pharmacomechanical techniques. The occluded segments of the inferior vena cava and iliac veins were subsequently treated with the AngioVac Cannula (AngioDynamics, Latham, New York) and extracorporeal venous bypass circuit. In each patient, symptoms improved after ...
Resnick Neil J NJ Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Medical Center, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1234, New York, NY - - 2014
This study investigates the feasibility of performing uterine artery embolization (UAE) via transradial access (TRA). Growing evidence demonstrates significant benefits of TRA versus standard transfemoral access during percutaneous coronary intervention, now making it the preferred approach at many centers worldwide. At a single institution from March 2013 to October 2013, ...
Schlieper Georg G Department of Nephrology and Clinical Immunology, University Hospital of RWTH Aachen, Aachen, - - 2014
Cardiovascular calcifications are associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. Different regions of the arterial tree show a variable susceptibility to cardiovascular calcification. O'Neill and Adams investigated breast arteries with vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease patients. They found no evidence for osteogenic transdifferentiation or apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells ...
Saito Yoshiaki Y Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Aomori, - - 2014
The simultaneous treatment of multiple ruptured aortic aneurysms is a surgical challenge. Here we present a case of a 53-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome who had annuloaortic ectasia of 4.2 cm and a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm of 6 cm. The patient developed acute aortic dissection complicated with cardiac tamponade and thoracoabdominal ...
Li Jun J Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the anterior aortic sinus is a rare but potentially lethal congenital disease. We report two adolescent patients with this anomaly who underwent surgical plasty using a saphenous vein patch, rather than unroofing or fenestration technique, as was typically done. This report ...
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