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Raffa Giuseppe M GM aDepartment for the Treatment and Study of Cardiothoracic Diseases and Cardiothoracic Transplantation, Cardiac Surgery and Heart Transplantation Unit bDepartment of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, Radiology Service, Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Palermo, - - 2014
Chronic evolution of type A acute aortic dissection is not frequently observed in untreated patients because of the high mortality rate. Chronic aortic dissection is usually asymptomatic and may be incidentally discovered following an asymptomatic acute dissection. The life expectancy in these patients is prolonged by graft replacement therapy when ...
Nakanishi Naohiko N Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
We here report the angioscopic assessment of inoperable peripheral chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension in an 81-year-old man who was previously diagnosed with the disease. To assess the pathological morphology of the web lesion, pouch defect and band lesion, we used two types of angioscopic catheter: blood flow-maintaining type and blood ...
Mugikura S S From the Departments of Diagnostic Radiology (S. Mugikura, T.M., K.T., S.T.) and Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience (H.K., T.F., E.M.), Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; and Institute of Anatomy (S. Marinković), School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2014
During surgery to treat an aneurysm in the anterior communicating artery, injury to the subcallosal artery, a perforator of the anterior communicating artery, may lead to infarction that produces basal forebrain amnesia after surgery. Our purpose was to examine whether 3D MR imaging can detect subcallosal artery infarction in patients ...
Ali-Hassan-Sayegh Sadegh S Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Afshar Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether preservation of the pleura during internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting improved clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. More than 210 papers were found using the reported search, of which ...
Marczynski-Bühlow Martin M From the *Department of Cardiovascular Surgery; †Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel; and ‡Institute of Anatomy, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis is a disease primarily found in patients of advanced age. The standard therapy is the aortic valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a treatment for patients ineligible for conventional aortic valve replacement. To minimize the incidence of TAVI-related complications, such as paravalvular leakage, ...
Ponte Marta M Serviço de Cardiologia, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is an acute aortic syndrome characterized by bleeding into the media of the aortic wall without intimal disruption or the classic flap formation. Its natural history is variable and still poorly understood, so strategies for therapeutic management are not fully established. In some cases there is ...
Demirel Serdar S Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Ruprecht-Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The value of prophylactic atropine use during carotid artery stenting (CAS) in primary carotid stenosis to prevent procedural hemodynamic depression is well accepted. However, its impact in case of recurrent stenosis after eversion carotid endarterectomy (E-CEA), which is known to be associated with decreased baroreflex function due to discontinuation of ...
David Joshua J Division of Vascular Surgery, Rutgers - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, - - 2014
Stylocarotid artery syndrome is a rare condition that results from compression of the internal or external carotid artery by the styloid process of the temporal bone. Here we present the case of a patient suffering from syncope, monoparesis of the right arm, and dysarthria due to recurrent transient ischemic attacks ...
Marín Rodríguez C C Sección de Radiología Pediátrica, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the quality of images obtained with 3D balanced fast-field echo whole heart (WH3D) MRI sequences for assessing the coronary anastomosis and coronary stenosis in patients with D-transposition of the great arteries who have undergone the Jatene switch procedure. We retrieved 100 WH3D studies done in 83 patients who ...
Puccinelli F F Service de Neuroradiologie, CHU Bicêtre, 78 rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicêtre Cedex, France; National Referral Center for Neurovascular Malformations in Children, - - 2014
Thrombosis of cerebral arteriovenous malformation after embolization is rare, but can involve the normal venous network with extensive venous thrombosis. We report angioarchitecture findings, our management and prevention strategy for this complication in pediatric AVMs. In this 5.5-year retrospective series, we reviewed records of 13 patients under 15 years who ...
de Rotte Alexandra A J AA Department of Radiology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The - - 2014
In the current study, the presence of cerebral cortical microinfarcts (CMIs) was evaluated in a series of 21 patients with a symptomatic high-grade >50% stenosis of the carotid artery. A T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence and a T1-weighted turbo field echo sequence of the brain were obtained at 7.0 Tesla magnetic ...
Promphan Worakan W 1Pediatric Cardiology Unit,Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health (QSNICH),College of Medicine,Rangsit - - 2014
We report on a 6-year-old boy with a huge right coronary artery to the right ventricle fistula, who had previously been treated by device closure at the right ventricular exit point. However, 3 years later, the right coronary artery aneurysm showed progressively dilation and compressed the right ventricle. To prevent ...
Labruijere Sieneke S Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pharmacology, Erasmus Medical Center, The - - 2014
Dihydroergotamine (DHE) and sumatriptan are contraindicated in patients with cardiovascular disease because of their vasoconstricting properties, which have originally been explored in proximal coronary arteries. Our aim was to investigate DHE and sumatriptan in the proximal and distal coronary artery, middle meningeal artery and saphenous vein. Blood vessel segments were ...
Siddiqui Fayez F Division of Cardiology, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. We report a case with SCAD of distal right coronary secondary to pulmonary thromboembolism. Reported treatment options for SCAD include medical therapy, thrombolysis, balloon angioplasty, and coronary artery bypass surgery. The decision ...
Tian Lian L Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1550 Engineering Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1609, - - 2014
A low relative area change (RAC) of the proximal pulmonary artery (PA) over the cardiac cycle is a good predictor of mortality from right ventricular failure in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The relationship between RAC and local mechanical properties of arteries, which are known to stiffen in acute and ...
Morrissy Stephen J SJ Divisions of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, - - 2014
Iatrogenic injury to the right coronary artery is a rare complication of tricuspid valve surgery. We herein describe the first-ever report of right coronary artery injury related to tricuspid valve replacement surgery. A thirty-eight year-old man with recurrent tricuspid endocarditis underwent redo tricuspid valve replacement by means of a minimally ...
Grewal N N Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the - - 2014
Dilation of the wall of the thoracic aorta can be found in patients with a tricuspid (TAV) as well as a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) with and without a syndromic component. BAV is the most common congenital cardiovascular malformation, with a population prevalence of 0.5-2 %. The clinical course is often ...
Windecker Stephan S Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, Department of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paradoxical embolism is an important clinical entity among patients with venous thromboembolism in the presence of intracardiac or pulmonary shunts. The clinical presentation is diverse and potentially life-threatening. Although the serious nature and complications of paradoxical embolism are recognized, the disease entity is still rarely considered and remains under-reported. This ...
Chen Xinxin X Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, 9# Jinsui Road, Guangzhou, 510623, - - 2014
Intramural coronary artery is known to be a risk factor for early death after an arterial switch operation (ASO). We evaluated the early and mid-term results of ASO for patients with intramural coronary artery. From September 2008 to March 2012, seven patients with an intramural coronary artery underwent ASO at ...
Genzini Tercio T Hospital Bandeirantes, São Paulo, - - 2014
Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is uncommon and usually asymptomatic, but complications like rupture or thromboembolism of the aneurysm can occur, with consequent renal infarction. Most of the clinical findings are found incidentally through imaging examinations, in investigating other diseases. Renal autotransplantation (RAT) is an alternative treatment for complex RAA, with ...
Yap Leesien L Department of Neuroradiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, United Kingdom - - 2014
Aneurysms involving the lenticulostriate artery (LSA) are rare. The majority of LSA aneurysms reported are idiopathic. We present 2 paediatric cases of dissecting distal LSA aneurysm. An 8-year-old girl and 9-year-old boy presented with basal ganglia infarction. History and imaging identified dissection as the most likely aetiology. The clinico-radiological features, ...
Cai Xuemei X Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Spinal manipulation has been associated with cervical arterial dissection and stroke but a causal relationship has been questioned by population-based studies. Earlier studies identified cases using International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes specific to anatomic stroke location rather than stroke etiology. We hypothesize that case misclassification occurred in ...
Franciulli Marco M Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg Saar, - - 2014
Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) anatomy is occasionally encountered in adolescents or young adults and not infrequently associated with aneurysm of the ascending aorta and aortic root. To manage both defects without aortic valve replacement we propose a combination of remodeling of the aortic root combined with bicuspidization of the UAV. ...
Mou Yun - - 2014
Uterine artery pseudoaneurysms are dangerous and can lead to severe hemorrhage. We report an uncommon cause of a giant pseudoaneurysm in a missed miscarriage in a woman with a cesarean scar pregnancy. The patient was a 25-year-old Chinese woman with a missed miscarriage in a cesarean scar pregnancy. Curettage was ...
Chirinos Julio C - - 2014
Ultrasound-guided Central Venous Catheterization (CVC) for temporary vascular access, preferably using the right internal jugular vein, is widely accepted by nephrologists. However CVC is associated with numerous potential complications, including death. We describe the finding of a rare left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary vein connection during central venous catheterization for continuous ...
Bodey Caroline C Yorkshire Deanery, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paediatric arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) is an important cause of acute neurological symptoms in children, it causes significant morbidity and is one of the top ten causes of childhood deaths. Consensus papers have suggested guidelines for the management of AIS in childhood, although none recommend thrombectomy. Despite this, children within ...
Emmungil Hakan H Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2014
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, multisystemic disorder characterised by recurrent oral aphtous ulcers, genital ulcers and ocular inflammation. Vasculitis and thrombotic events are the most important causes of mortality. Vena cava thrombosis, pulmonary artery aneurysms, Budd-Chiari syndrome, peripheral artery aneurysms, dural sinus thrombosis and abdominal aorta aneurysms are the ...
Unai Shinya S Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson - - 2014
Coronary artery spasm after coronary artery bypass surgery may result in life-threatening arrhythmias, circulatory collapse, or death. We report two cases of coronary artery spasm after coronary artery bypass surgery, one of which developed ventricular fibrillation requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Both patients were discharged in good condition and are ...
Ayhan Hüseyin H Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt - - 2014
The prevalence of aortic stenosis (AS) increases in the elderly. They present high surgical risk due to comorbid factors that increase with age. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an effective method in patients who present with severe aortic stenosis with a higher surgical risk or who cannot undergo surgical ...
Nicolini Francesco F Cardiac Surgery Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of - - 2014
It is well known that graft patency determines prognosis in coronary artery bypass grafting. Numerous reports over the past 20 years have documented superior patency and prognosis when multiple arterial grafts are used. The use of the left internal thoracic artery to graft the left anterior descending artery has been ...
Kim Denise S DS Departments of *Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, †Internal Medicine, and ‡Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
The authors describe the first report in the literature of central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting manifestation of sarcoidosis. A 33-year-old man with asthma, headache, and 6 days of intermittent, transient vision loss in the OS presented with persistent vision loss in the OS. Ophthalmic examination was consistent with ...
Shakti Divya D 1Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. 2Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. 3Department of Respiratory Care, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Increased pulmonary dead space fraction (VD/VT) has been associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation after surgery for congenital heart disease. The association of VD/VT with clinical outcomes in neonates undergoing stage 1 palliation for single ventricle congenital heart disease has not been reported. We describe changes in VD/VT, differences in VD/VT ...
Biscotti Mauer M * New York Presbyterian Hospital/ Columbia University Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Ave., New York, NY, 10032, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery ¶ New York Presbyterian Hospital/ Columbia University Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Ave., New York, NY, 10032, Department of Anesthesiology & Carnegie Mellon University, 700 Technology Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, Department of Biomedical Engineering # Columbia University Medical Center, 3959 Broadway, New York, NY, 10032, Department of Pediatric - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a challenging disease process to manage. Respiratory and hemodynamic changes that accompany general anesthesia lead to a significant risk of cardiovascular collapse. Certain cases of decompensated PH require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support as either a bridge to lung transplantation or bridge to recvery. Performing ECMO ...
Matsubara Hiromi H Department of Clinical Science, National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of pulmonary hypertension has progressed by recently developed pulmonary arterial hypertension-targeted drugs. However, long-term survival of the patients with idiopathic/heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension is still suboptimal. To improve the outcomes, treatment goals of pulmonary hypertension were proposed at the 5th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension held at Nice, France ...
Tsilimparis Nikolaos N Department of Vascular Medicine, University Heart Center, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proximal displacement of thoracic aortic endografts is a catastrophic adverse event, which rarely occurs but is associated with extremely high morbidity and mortality. We describe herein the case of a patient with accidental proximal displacement of a thoracic endograft with occlusion of all supra-aortic branches, successfully rescued by the combination ...
Rojas-Moscoso Julio Alejandro JA Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas-UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with pulmonary hypertension which is often difficult to manage, and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we have used a rabbit model of CDH to evaluate the effects of BAY 60-2770 on the in vitro reactivity of left pulmonary artery. ...
Tsai Chung-Lin CL From the Section of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General - - 2014
Studies have associated diabetes mellitus (DM) with the reduced risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and dissection (TAAD). We used the national insurance data of Taiwan to examine these correlations for an Asian population. The association was also evaluated by DM severity. We identified 160,391 patients ...
Gitsioudis Gitsios G Gitsios Gitsioudis, Hugo A Katus, Grigorios Korosoglou, Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, - - 2014
Chronic inflammatory mechanisms in the arterial wall lead to atherosclerosis, and include endothelial cell damage, inflammation, apoptosis, lipoprotein deposition, calcification and fibrosis. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has been shown to be a promising tool for non-invasive assessment of theses specific compositional and structural changes in coronary arteries. This review ...
Barsoum Emad A EA Emad A Barsoum, Faisal B Saiful, Rewais Morcus, Georges Khoueiry, James Lafferty, Donald A McCord, Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY 10305, United - - 2014
Coronary artery fistulas are abnormal connections between coronary artery territories and cardiac chambers or major vessels, most of them are congenital. Patients with coronary artery fistula can be asymptomatic or present with different symptoms like angina. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) is one of the best modalities for diagnosis. We present ...
Kozakova Michaela M Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, - - 2014
Context Hyperglycemia is associated with a higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), however it is not established whether this increase reflects early atherosclerotic changes or adaptive remodeling responding to hyperglycemia-induced alteration in mechanical properties of the arterial wall. Objective Aim of this study was to compare carotid geometry and circumferential wall ...
Brinster Derek R DR Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, - - 2014
There is still significant disagreement among surgeons about the best method for arterial cannulation to institute cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (STAADs). This study aimed to provide support for central aortic cannulation as a viable and preferable option, as it reduces time to institute ...
Gailloud Philippe P Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Bloomberg 7218, 1800 E Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA, - - 2014
This article proposes that the "arrow-tipped" loop or anastomosis classically described as an anatomic variant represents in fact a pathological phenomenon resulting from the partial thrombosis of a radiculomedullary vein (RMV) with a duplicated origin (double-rooted RMVs). The arrow-tip loop concept proposed in this report is illustrated with angiographic observations ...
Bax Jeroen J JJ Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands - - 2014
An exponential increase in the use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with severe aortic stenosis has been witnessed over the recent years. The current article reviews different areas of uncertainty related to patient selection. The use and limitations of risk scores are addressed, followed by an extensive ...
Healy Andrew T AT Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Bow hunter's syndrome is a condition in which vertebrobasilar insufficiency is resultant from head rotation, clinically manifested by presyncopal sensation, syncope, dizziness, and nausea. It is usually diagnosed clinically, with supporting vascular imaging demonstrating an occluded or at the very least compromised unilateral vertebral artery, while the dominant vertebral artery ...
Saba Luca L 1Department of Radiology, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria (A.O.U.) , di Cagliari - Polo di Monserrato s.s. 554 Monserrato (Cagliari) 09045 , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Purpose: Previous publications demonstrated that multi-detector-row computed tomography Angiograpy (MDCTA) can evaluate the carotid artery wall thickness (CAWT). The purpose of this work was to compare the asymmetry of CAWT between carotids in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Material and Methods: Sixty consecutive symptomatic (males 44; median age 64) and ...
Poggio Paolo P From the Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (P.P., E.B., J.B.G., E.K.L., R.C.G., J.H.G., J.E.B., G.F.); Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Milan, Italy (P.P.); Columbia University-Valley Heart Center, Ridgewood, NJ (J.B.G.); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin - - 2014
The activation of valve interstitial cells (VICs) toward an osteogenic phenotype characterizes aortic valve sclerosis, the early asymptomatic phase of calcific aortic valve disease. Osteopontin is a phosphorylated acidic glycoprotein that accumulates within the aortic leaflets and labels VIC activation even in noncalcified asymptomatic patients. Despite this, osteopontin protects VICs ...
Bartolini B B From the Department of Interventional and Functional Neuroradiology, Foundation Rothschild Hospital, Paris, France. - - 2014
Stent-assisted coiling with two stents has been described in some series for the treatment of complex and wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. Our aim was to report our experience of a stent-assisted coiling technique with double stents in "Y" and "X" configurations, with emphasis on safety, feasibility, and efficacy. Clinical and angiographic ...
Lader Joshua M JM Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
A 48-year-old male with history of chronic arthritis and uveitis presented with 1 year of progressively reduced exercise capacity and nonexertional chest pain. Physical examination was consistent with severe aortic insufficiency. An electrocardiogram demonstrated sinus rhythm with first degree atrioventricular block. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated severe lone central aortic insufficiency ...
Mihos Christos G CG From the Divisions of *Cardiology, and †Cardiac Surgery, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, Columbia University, Miami Beach, FL - - 2014
We present our experience of concomitant right coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and aortic valve replacement performed via a right minithoracotomy in patients with coronary lesions not amenable to percutaneous intervention. A total of 17 patients underwent concomitant aortic valve replacement and right CABG between April 2008 and July 2013. ...
Safouris Apostolos A Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Brugmann University Hospital, Brussels, - - 2014
A 62-year-old patient presented with persistent cognitive deficits 3 months after a right temporal ischemic stroke due to ipsilateral carotid occlusion. Work-up disclosed hemodynamically significant contralateral carotid artery stenosis and left subclavian steal phenomenon. Brain SPECT imaging revealed bihemispheric chronic brain hypoperfusion that substantially improved on repeat imaging when the ...
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