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Zimmermann Gregor S GS Department of Internal Medicine V, Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, University of - - 2014
Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are often associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic benefit of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors in pulmonary hypertension secondary to ILD. Patients with ILD and PH were treated with sildenafil or tadalafil. Right heart catheterization was performed before and after a minimum ...
Fang J J - - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the correlation of carotid arterial sclerosis and left ventricular diastolic function in hyperthyroidism. A total of 70 patients with newlydiagnosed hyperthyroidism, including 32 patients clinically cured or improved after I131 therapy, were compared with 74 healthy cases in the control group. Bilateral carotid ultrasound and ...
Lenkey Z Z Heart Institute, Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary. - - 2014
Recently an expert consensus document advised to standardize user procedures and a new cut-off value for carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity in daily practice. Our aim was to observe aortic pulse wave velocity (PWVao) and augmentation index (AIXao) in two high cardiovascular risk groups: patients with verified coronary artery disease (CAD) ...
Zheng Hui H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Address: NO.1630 Dongfang Road, Pudong new area, Shanghai city, - - 2014
There is no agreement on whether statins influence the incidence of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting. We performed a meta-analysis of 12 studies that compared statins with controls. Statin therapy significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (odds ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.35-0.73) and length ...
Coronel-Banda Mauricio E ME Institute of Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Dr. Serra-Renom, Hospital Quirón Barcelona, Plaza Alfonso Comín, 5-7, 08023 Barcelona, Spain; Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The cutaneous perforators of the facial artery have been well described, but to our knowledge the oral mucosal perforators have not. We studied 10 facial arteries from 10 hemifaces in 5 cadavers. The arteries were injected with latex, and we studied all perforators that extended from the facial artery and ...
Marasovic-Krstulovic Daniela D Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Split University Hospital Centre, Split, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a case of fulminant diffuse systemic sclerosis (dSSc) developed after the aortic valve replacement followed by fatal congestive heart failure within the 6months from the initial symptoms. A 61-year-old male developed rapidly progressive diffuse systemic sclerosis following aortic valve replacement due to stenosis of bicuspid aortic valve. He ...
Kostara Christina E - - 2014
Abnormal lipid composition and metabolism of plasma lipoproteins play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD). A 1H NMR-based lipidomic approach was used to investigate the correlation of coronary arteries stenosis with the atherogenic (non-HDL) and atheroprotective (HDL) lipid profiles in 99 patients with CHD of ...
Saji Tsutomu T Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Medical Center, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, - - 2014
The genetic abnormalities associated with Down syndrome (DS) are still being identified. Few studies have examined the roles of CRELD1 and GATA4 in cardiac abnormalities or their association with pulmonary artery histopathology. Children with DS have an elevated risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This increased risk is likely mainly ...
Aulie Hanne A HA Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, - - 2014
To compare arterial haemodynamics in adults with long-term juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to that of healthy controls, and explore the influence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and disease characteristics on arterial haemodynamics plus coronary artery calcification. 87 JIA patients (median age 38.4 years) with persistently active disease at least 15 ...
Simoglou Christos C Cardiothoracic Department, Medical University of Alexandroupolis, - - 2014
Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of 3-dimensional imaging using multidetector row helical computed tomography for preoperative assessment of the branching pattern of the pulmonary artery before complete video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer. Forty-nine consecutive patients with clinical stage I lung cancer scheduled for complete video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy ...
Yaeger Andrew A AA GWU School of Medicine and Health - - 2014
To report a rare case of non-atherosclerotic renal artery disease in a patient with Erdheim-Chester Disease, a non-langerhans cell histiocytosis. The patient is a 75 year old male who presented with two years of hypertension secondary to right renal artery occlusion incidentally found on cardiac catheterization. Open bilateral renal revascularization ...
Reppert Amy E AE Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Denver, 12631 E. 17 Avenue, Aurora CO - - 2014
and Objectives: Endoluminal revascularization has supplanted open techniques for most aortoiliac occlusive disease with open surgery reserved for endovascular failure or long segment aorto-iliac occlusions. A number of clinical and anatomic issues can preclude the use of the infrarenal aorta for inflow. Our approach in these select patients is minimal ...
Shevel Elliot E The Headache Clinic, 45 Empire Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
My aim was to report for the first time (to my knowledge) the successful treatment of 3 patients with sporadic hemiplegic migraine by surgical cautery of terminal branches of the external carotid artery under conscious sedation. Since the operations (between 1 and 2 years) none of the patients have had ...
Toklu Bora B Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
Research and development in the field of coronary stent design is a fast-evolving and fascinating journey. A device that was once introduced to salvage acute closure associated with balloon angioplasty is now the standard of care for many patients with coronary artery disease. Newer generation stents are the product of ...
Fang Chi-Hua CH From the *Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province; and †Institute of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of peripancreatic vessels for patients with suspected pancreatic cancer (PC). A total of 89 patients with PC were included; 60 patients randomly underwent computed tomographic angiography. Based on the findings of 3D reconstruction of peripancreatic vessels, the appropriate ...
Brown Robert D RD Jr Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intracranial saccular or berry aneurysms are common, occurring in about 1-2% of the population. Unruptured intracranial aneurysms are increasingly being detected as cross-sectional imaging techniques are used more frequently in clinical practice. Once an unruptured intracranial aneurysm is detected, decisions regarding optimum management are made on the basis of careful ...
Altinbas Namik K NK Department of Radiology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, 06230 Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of carotid artery stenting on ophthalmic artery blood flow using transorbital color and spectral Doppler sonography and review the changes in relation to cerebral hemodynamics. Methods- Twenty-eight consecutive patients with severe internal carotid artery stenosis (≥70%) who were scheduled ...
Said S A M SA Department of Cardiology, Hospital Group Twente, Geerdinksweg 141, 7555 DL, Hengelo, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Coronary bronchial artery fistulas (CBFs) are rare anomalies, which may be isolated or associated with other disorders. Two adult patients with CBFs are described and a PubMed search was performed using the keywords "coronary bronchial artery fistulas" in the period from 2008 to 2013. Twenty-seven reviewed subjects resulting in a ...
Min Ji Hye JH 1 Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong, Gangnam-Gu, Seoul 135-710, Republic of - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of an automated computer-assisted detection (CAD) algorithm to detect coronary artery stenosis on coronary CT angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS. We investigated 128 consecutive patients (76 men, 52 women; mean [SD] age, 64 ± 11 years) who had acute ...
van Bogerijen Guido H W GH Thoracic Aortic Research Center, Policlinico San Donato IRCCS, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Patients with uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissection (ABAD) generally can be treated with conservative medical management. However, these patients may develop aortic enlargement during follow-up, with the risk for rupture, which necessitates intervention. Several predictors have been studied in recent years to identify ABAD patients at high risk for ...
Loftus Patrick D PD Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
We present the unusual case of a "disappearing" aortic valve in an infant with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (mitral and aortic stenosis) that underwent Norwood palliation at birth and subsequently a Glenn operation. Angiographic images at the time of operation showed no apparent insufficiency of the native aortic valve. Over ...
Freud Lindsay R LR Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Although thrombus formation following myocardial infarction in adults is well known, intracardiac thrombosis in children is uncommon. We report the case of a large left ventricular thrombus in an infant with ischemic cardiomyopathy secondary to anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Given its mobility and ...
Arslan Ahmet Hulusi AH Anadolu Medical Center Hospital, Center for Heart and Vascular Care, Section of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gebze, Kocaeli, - - 2014
Common arterial trunk (persistent truncus arteriosus) is a rare cardiac defect requiring surgical repair early in life because of the fast development of pulmonary vascular obstructive disease. We present our institutional experience with patients having common arterial trunk who are diagnosed after one year of age. Between August 2010 and ...
Pourmoghadam Kamal K KK Department of Children's Surgery, Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
Many patients with congenital heart disease require a staged surgical approach to achieve optimum circulation. During repeat operations, coronary anatomy can be difficult to ascertain because of epicardial scarring or underlying anomalous coronary anatomy. Uncertainty about coronary artery location increases the risk of reoperation. Having real-time data of coronary anatomy ...
Zampi Jeffrey D JD Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Premature infants with very low birth weight with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia (TOF/PA) have been shown to have poor surgical outcomes. Palliating these patients by stenting the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) has been shown to be safe and effective. In patients with very low birth weight, a ...
Larzon T T Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden - - - 2014
Observational studies comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with open repair (OR) in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have suggested a benefit for EVAR but have been questioned recently by randomized controlled trials (RCT). A low eligibility for endovascular repair is a main limitation of these RCTs. In contrast, data from ...
Walker C C Cardiovascular Institute of the South, Houma, LA, USA - - - 2014
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) commonly involves popliteal and infrapopliteal arterial occlusions. Surgical revascularization may be limited by poor distal targets, lack of autologous vein, and co morbid conditions. Endovascular therapy may be an option even in this group of patients with no surgical options, but is limited by the need ...
Singh M J MJ Vascular Surgery Division University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Pittsburgh, PA, USA - - - 2014
The advent of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has revolutionized the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. EVAR has evolved into the preferred treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms with suitable anatomy. Several randomized clinical trials have confirmed that EVAR reduces short-term morbidity and mortality. Despite vast improvements in diagnostic imaging, open surgical ...
Hamilton H H Unit of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK - - - 2014
The aim of this review was to explore current literature pertaining to the use of permissive hypotension in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. A literature search using Metalib, a database search engine, provided at the Royal Free and University College of London (UCL) yielded articles using the keywords "permissive ...
Malina M M Vascular Center, Skane University Hospital Malmö, Sweden - - - 2014
Emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (eEVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) must be carried out instantly. This requires firm logistics that include the ability to cross-clamp the aorta without delay. The present article focuses on the technique of balloon control of the aorta in eEVAR with aspects on indications as ...
Gokce Gokcen G 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Sarikamis Military Hospital , Kars, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Gokce, Gokcen, Suleyman Metin, Uzeyir Erdem, Gungor Sobaci, Ali Hakan Durukan, Halil Huseyin Cagatay, and Metin Ekinci. Late hyperbaric oxygen treatment of cilioretinal artery occlusion with nonischemic central retinal vein occlusion secondary to high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 15:84-88, 2014.-Aim: To report a case of cilioretinal artery occlusion ...
Sone Miyuki M Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 1040045 Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) has been performed for patients with life-threatening liver tumors resistant to standard therapies for more than 30 years. Placement of the port and catheter system for HAIC is performed by surgeons or interventional radiologists. Surgical placement requires laparotomy, whereas the interventional radiologic approach places a ...
Jagadeesan Bharathi D BD Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 292, Minneapolis, MN 55455; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 292, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Electronic address: - - 2014
Balloon-assisted embolization performed by delivering Onyx ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer through a dual-lumen coaxial balloon microcatheter is a new technique for the management of peripheral vascular lesions. This technique does not require an initial reflux of Onyx to form around the tip of the microcatheter before antegrade flow of Onyx ...
Kawasaki Ryota R Department of Radiology, Hyogo Brain and Heart Center at Himeji, Himeji. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seven patients with superior mesenteric artery embolism were treated by aspiration with the use of a 6-F angled guiding sheath and a 6-F guiding catheter through an 8-F short sheath by direct advancement using a telescopic and "biting-off" technique. Aspiration of the trunk took between 30 and 60 minutes (median, ...
Gonen Korcan Aysun KA Department of Radiology (K.A.G.), Namik Kemal University School of Medicine, Tekirdag. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of the StarClose vascular closure device for puncture site hemostasis after therapeutic endovascular interventions performed through the axillary artery under anticoagulant therapy in six patients is reported. Three minor complications, including hematoma, prolonged hemostasis, and pain, occurred in three patients. Based on this limited experience, this method can ...
Vivodtzev Isabelle - - 2014
In patients with COPD, cardiovascular diseases are the most common concomitant chronic diseases, a leading cause of hospitalization, and one of the main causes of death. A close connection exists between COPD and cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular risk scores aim to predict the effect of cardiovascular comorbidities on COPD mortality, but ...
Niglio T T Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences Federico II University, Naples, Italy - - - 2014
To date, the gold standard of aortic stenosis treatment is surgical valve replacement. However, in inoperable or high risk patients a valid alternative is transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Several trials showed feasibility, efficacy and safety of TAVI, with a tailored strategy for these patients on the basis of their ...
Rezq A A Cardio-Thoracic-Vascular Department, San Raffaele Institute, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Aortic stenosis is a common disorder that affects nearly 5% of persons >75 years of age. Aortic valve replacement is indicated for symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis, as the prognosis of untreated patients is poor. Nevertheless, many patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis do not undergo surgical valve replacement, ...
Richards Nathan G NG Department of Surgery, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
Median arcuate ligament (MAL) syndrome or celiac artery compression occurs secondary to diaphragmatic compression of the celiac artery and the corresponding neural structures of the celiac plexus. Typically, patients present with postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Diagnostically, various radiologic studies are used to document impingement of the ...
Beck Christoph C Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, Kopf- und Neurozentrum, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
In patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI) decompressive surgery within 48 h improves functional outcome. In this respect, early identification of patients at risk of developing MMI is crucial. While the acute diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) lesion volume was found to predict MMI with high predictive values, the potential ...
Schmidt Wolfgang A WA Immanuel Krankenhaus Berlin, Medical Centre for Rheumatology Berlin-Buch, Lindenberger Weg 19, 13125 Berlin, - - 2014
Vasculitis is characterized by a circumferential vessel-wall thickening ('halo'), which can be visualized by modern imaging techniques. In particular, the resolution of ultrasound has increased to 0.1 mm. Ultrasound detects abnormalities that are pathognomonic even in arteries with a diameter below 1 mm. It is particularly helpful in the diagnosis ...
Thurber John S JS Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
We present an unusual case of right lower lobe intralobar pulmonary sequestration in a previously healthy and physical active 27-year-old U.S. Marine, who presented with new onset hemoptysis after doing push-ups. Diagnosis was obtained by chest X-ray and contrast computed tomography scan. Preoperatively the patient underwent fluoroscopy-guided embolization of the ...
Tanaka Toshihiro T Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, 634-8522, Japan. - - 2014
Transcatheter embolization is considered to be less effective for early-stage hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) without a hypervascular arterial supply. In the present case report, a 65-year-old male with hepatitis type C and non-hypervascular HCC located in the hepatic hilum was successfully treated by bland transarterial embolization (TAE). After the temporary protective ...
Nagahama K K Hokkaido University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, North-15, West-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8638, - - 2014
We investigated the incidence of anomalies in the vertebral arteries and Circle of Willis with three-dimensional CT angiography in 55 consecutive patients who had undergone an instrumented posterior fusion of the cervical spine. We recorded any peri-operative and post-operative complications. The frequency of congenital anomalies was 30.9%, abnormal vertebral artery ...
Iqbal Javaid J South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Centre, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK; Thorax Centre, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Patients with coronary artery disease who have prognostically significant lesions or symptoms despite optimum medical therapy require mechanical revascularization with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or both. In this review we will evaluate the evidence-based use of the two revascularization approaches in treating patients with coronary ...
Gong Jie J Department of Neurosurgery, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
Pure subdural haematoma (occurring without detectable subarachnoid haemorrhage) caused by intracranial aneurysm rupture is uncommon and is usually associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment. We describe the case of a 43-year-old man who presented with ongoing headache. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed subdural haematoma in ...
Colombier Sébastien S Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related fibroinflammatory systemic disease accounts for 7% of all noninfectious aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. A patient was admitted with a symptomatic ascending aortic aneurysm and thickened aortic wall (outer/inner diameter 55/45 mm), which was replaced. Probes revealed IgG4-related aortitis associated with a primary tuberculosis infection. Corticosteroid and ...
Reoma Junewai L JL Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extensive thoracic aortic aneurysmal disease involving the arch and descending aorta has been a difficult problem. The "frozen elephant trunk" single-stage procedure combining open arch repair under circulatory arrest with a deployment of a stented thoracic endograft has shown good results in recent reports, but it can be technically challenging ...
Fukuhara Shinichi S Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass grafting using right gastroepiploic artery and pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy are both well known and commonly performed procedures independently. However, pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy after coronary artery bypass grafting using right gastroepiploic artery has not been reported in the literature. We report the first case with operative demonstration of pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy ...
Chaturvedi Seemant - - 2014
Large artery atherosclerosis is an important cause of ischemic stroke. Recent randomized clinical trials have helped clarify the treatment options for conditions such as carotid stenosis and intracranial atherosclerosis. This review outlines the primary findings of these trials and provides current recommendations for treatment. Carotid revascularization is preferred in patients ...
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