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Sheikh Maryam Rahim MR Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary intervention are revascularization options for significant coronary artery disease. While international data support the use of coronary artery bypass in high-risk groups, regional data on outcomes in these groups are rare. We conducted a retrospective study to determine the outcomes of patients undergoing ...
Patil Harshal R HR Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, 4330 Wornall Road Suite 2000, Kansas City, MO, 64111, - - 2014
Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with cardiac events, but it is not clear which, if any of the various measures of VAT independently correlate with coronary artery disease (CAD). We studied 400 patients undergoing computed tomography to determine coronary artery calcium (CAC) score. VAT was measured in the form ...
Elhoury Motea E ME Department of Pediatric Cardiology, King Fahad Medical Center, PSHC, PO Box 59046, Riyadh, 11525, Saudi - - 2014
Combination of right and left ventricular outflow tracts obstruction is extremely rare. Neonates with combined aortic stenosis (AS) and pulmonary stenosis (PS) present in critical condition and required urgent treatment. The management approach is not well defined. We report five female neonates with combined AS and PS presented to our ...
Janczak Dariusz - - 2014
: The aim of the study was the evaluation of the inflammatory cytokines within atheromatic carotid plaque.Materials and methods: The experiment was carried out on 100 symptomatic patients with internal carotid artery stenosis that underwent carotid endarterectomy. Every patient had the wall of the carotid artery resected during organ harvesting ...
Dong Hui H From the Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China. H. Dong, MS; X. Jiang, MD; M. Peng, MS; Y. Zou, MD, PhD; T. Guan, BS; H. Zhang, MD; L. Song, MD, PhD; H. Wu, MD; Y. Yang, MD, FACC; R. Gao, MD, FACC. Drs. Dong and Jiang contributed equally to this study. Address correspondence to Dr. X. Jiang, Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 167 Beilishilu, Xicheng District, Beijing 100037, People's Republic of China. E-mail: jxj103@hotmail.com Accepted for publication April 17, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for symptomatic pulmonary stenosis in Takayasu arteritis (TA). From January 2009 to December 2012, clinical data of 14 patients [mean age 33.9 ± 9.3 yrs; 11 patients female (78.6%)] with symptomatic pulmonary stenosis ...
Antonopoulos Ioannis M IM Renal Transplantation Unit, Division of Urology, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To study the safety and long-term outcomes of use of the inferior epigastric artery (IEA) for revascularization of small accessory kidney arteries (3 mm or less). Data of 602 living-donor kidney transplants were reviewed. Age was 37.4 ± 15 years (range, 3-78 years). Multiple arteries were present in 98 kidneys (16.3%); of ...
Kohyama Shinya S Department of Endovascular Neurosurgery, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nontraumatic acute subdural hemorrhage (SDH) with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is rare and is usually caused by severe bleeding from aneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas. We encountered a very rare case of spontaneous bleeding from the middle meningeal artery (MMA), which caused hemorrhage in the temporal lobe and subdural space 2 weeks after ...
Klok F A FA Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis (CTH), University Medical Center Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Long-term follow-up studies have consistently demonstrated that after an episode of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), half of patients report functional limitations and/or decreased quality of life up to many years after the acute event. Incomplete thrombus resolution occurs in one-fourth to one-third of patients. Further, pulmonary artery pressure and right ...
Rudmik Luke L Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Intractable epistaxis is a common otolaryngology emergency. Transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation (TESPAL) and endovascular arterial embolization both provide excellent success rates, and therefore the decision to choose one over the other can be challenging. To aid in decision making by evaluating the cost-effectiveness of TESPAL vs endovascular arterial embolization ...
Sharma Vikas V Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA - - 2014
Data comparing the haemodynamic performance of stented pericardial and porcine aortic valves are conflicting. Hence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the early haemodynamic parameters of stented pericardial and porcine valves in patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement. Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science were queried for English ...
Dhawan Sumeet R SR Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
The association of hypoparathyroidism and ischemic stroke is rare in childhood. We report an interesting case of an 11-year-old girl diagnosed to have hypoparathyroidism and presented with an acute-onset right hemiparesis. Investigations revealed large artery ischemic stroke and uncontrolled hypoparathyroidism. Pediatricians and pediatric neurologists should be aware of this association ...
Telman G G From the Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Rambam Health Care Campus and Technion, Haifa, Israel. - - 2014
Middle cerebral artery stenosis is not frequent but a well-established cause of first and recurrent ischemic stroke. Our aim was to investigate middle cerebral artery stenosis in the biethnic (Jewish and Arab) population of patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in northern Israel. The study population included ...
Wakhloo A K AK From the Division of Neuroimaging and Intervention (A.K.W.), Departments of Radiology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery, and New England Center for Stroke Research (M.J.G.), University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Department of Neurosurgery (P.L., J.L.), ENERI, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Department of Neurosurgery (J.d.V.), Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Neuroradiology (C.T.), University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; Department of Neuroradiology and Endovascular Therapy (A. Biondi), University of Besançon, Besançon, France; Department of Neuroradiology (M.H.), Helios Hospital, Berlin, Germany; National Institute of Neurosciences (I.S.), Budapest, Hungary; Department of Neuroradiology (L.P.), Hôpital Maison Blanche, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France; Department of Neurosurgery (N. Sakai, H.I.), Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan; Department of Neuroradiology (N. Sourour), Hôpital Pitié-Salpetrière, Paris, France; Department of Neuroradiology (I.R.), The Royal Hospitals, Belfast, Ireland; Department of Neuroradiology (M.S., O.B.), Universitā̈tsklinikum Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany; Department of Neuroradiology (A. Bonafé), Hôpital Guy de Chauillac, Montpellier, France; Department of Neurosurgery (F.M.), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Department of Neuroradiology (F.T.), Hôpital Neurologique, Lyon, France; Department of Neuroradiology (P.B.), Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Neuroradiology (E.B., L.V.), Niguarda Ca' Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy; Department of Neuroradiology (S.D.), Essex Center for Neurological Sciences, Queen's University Hospital, London, United Kingdom; and Stryker Neurovascular (M.W.L.), Fremont, California. - - 2014
Incomplete occlusion and recanalization of large and wide-neck brain aneurysms treated by endovascular therapy remains a challenge. We present preliminary clinical and angiographic results of an experimentally optimized Surpass flow diverter for treatment of intracranial aneurysms in a prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized, single-arm study. At 24 centers, 165 patients with 190 ...
Eugène F F From the Departments of Neuroradiology (F.E., J.-Y.G., J.-C.F., H.R.), Clinical Pharmacology (A.B.), and Neurology (T.R.), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Rennes, France; and Department of Neuroradiology (J.-C.G.), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Brest, - - 2014
Little is known about the consequences of arterial wall damage that may be due to mechanical endovascular thrombectomy. Our aim was to perform 1-year MR angiographic and clinical follow-up of patients treated with mechanical endovascular thrombectomy using the Solitaire device. Patients with stroke treated between August 2010 and July 2012 ...
Daniels Susan E SE CardioDx, Inc., 600 Saginaw Drive, Redwood City, CA, - - 2014
A gene expression score (GES) for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) has been validated in two multicenter studies. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of the GES on an expanded Personalized Risk Evaluation and Diagnosis in the Coronary Tree (PREDICT) cohort (NCT no. 00500617) with CAD defined by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) ...
Tono Toshihiro T Department of Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases, Kitasato University School of Medicine , Sagamihara, Kanagawa , - - 2014
A 42-year-old woman was admitted due to systemic lupus erythematosus complicated with glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hypertension. During the treatment for these complications, she presented motor paresis and sensory loss caused by transverse myelitis. In spite of methyl prednisolone pulse therapy, she further developed acute confusional state due to disseminated encephalitis ...
Yokoyama Shinya S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kinki University NARA hospital, NARA, Japan - - 2014
We report the multidisciplinary consideration in a case of right superior vena cava draining into the left atrial roof. A 12-year-old boy was diagnosed with a sinus venosus-type atrial septal defect associated with anomalous right upper pulmonary venous return. However, intraoperative inspection showed the right superior vena cava draining into ...
Rief Matthias M Department of Radiology, Charité, Medical School, Humboldt-University and Free University, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate computer-aided stenosis detection for computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) in comparison with human reading and conventional coronary angiography (CCA) as the reference standard. 50 patients underwent CTA and CCA and out of these 44 were evaluable for computer-aided stenosis detection. The diagnostic performance of the software and of ...
Momeni Arash A Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 770 Welch Road, Suite 400, Palo Alto, CA - - 2014
Ear amputation is a devastating injury characterized by a conspicuous deformity that is not easily concealed and can result in tremendous psychological trauma in addition to the physical insult. While numerous different approaches have been proposed, microvascular replantation is widely considered to deliver the best esthetic outcome. In this article, ...
Kawashima Sadayuki S Department of Cardiology, Kyoto First Red Cross Hospital, Honmachi, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto, 605-0981, - - 2014
A 74-year-old man with single coronary artery and history of previous coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was admitted to our hospital with worsening angina. Because of high risk of redo-CABG, we performed transradial percutaneous coronary intervention against the just proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis coexisting with short ...
Saleme Suzana S 1Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, 2Department of Diagnostic Neuroradiology, 3Department of Neurosurgery, "Dupuytren" University Hospital, Limoges, - - 2014
Although initially considered safe when covering bifurcation sites, flow-diverting stents may provoke thrombosis of side branches that are covered during aneurysm treatment. To understand the occurrence and clinical expression of side-branch remodeling in distal intracranial arterial sites after flow diverter (FD) deployment by means of correlation of imaging and clinical ...
Alfonso Fernando F Cardiac Department, Hospital Universitario de La - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare but challenging clinical entity of unknown etiology. From a pathophysiological standpoint, SCAD may occur in patients with a coronary intimal tear (presenting with the classic angiographic "flap" and multiple lumens), but also in patients without an intimal rupture (presenting as an intramural ...
García-Criado Angeles A Department of Radiology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
To assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the absence of hepatic artery signal on Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in the immediate postoperative period after liver transplant. This prospective study included 675 consecutive liver transplants. Patients without hepatic artery signal by DUS within 8 days post-transplant were studied with CEUS. If ...
Duijsens Hanneke M HM Department of Radiology, Haga Teaching Hospital, The Hague, The - - 2014
Intra-arterial treatment is gaining importance in acute ischemic stroke, but its role in patients with apparent occlusion of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) on computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is inconclusive. To review retrospectively the results of intra-arterial treatment in patients with stroke and apparent extracranial ICA occlusion. In more ...
Spiotta Alejandro M AM Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, - - 2014
Conventional Onyx embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) requires lengthy procedure and fluoroscopy times to form an adequate 'proximal plug' which allows forward nidal penetration while preventing reflux and non-targeted embolization. We review our experience with balloon-augmented Onyx embolization of cerebral AVMs using a dual-lumen balloon catheter technique designed to ...
Wewel Joshua J Rush Professional Office Building, 1725 W. Harrison Street, Suite 855, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Iatrogenic traumatic intracranial aneurysms are rare, but their clinical impact is significant secondary to their risk of intracranial hemorrhage and in their frequent complexity in management. We report an adult patient with a history of chronic sinusitis who, while undergoing elective endoscopic polypectomy, suffered an iatrogenic injury to an A2 ...
Ong H S HS Oral and Maxillofacial-Head & Neck Oncology Department, Ninth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Head and Neck Cancer Centre, Shanghai, - - 2014
The surgical resection of a large unfavourable Shamblin type III carotid body tumour (CBT) can be very challenging technically, with many potential significant complications. Preoperative embolization aids in shrinking the lesion, reducing intraoperative blood loss, and improving visualization of the surgical field. Preoperative internal carotid artery (ICA) stenting aids in ...
Chakraborty Santanu S Division of Neuro-imaging, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurologic determination of death or brain death is primarily a clinical diagnosis. This must respect all guarantees required by law and should be determined early to avoid unnecessary treatment and allow organ harvesting for transplantation. Ancillary testing is used in situations in which clinical assessment is impossible or confounded by ...
Sivakanthan Sananthan S Department of Neurosurgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, United - - 2014
Background Aneurysms arising from basilar perforator arteries are very rare. A primary goal of surgery is always preservation of perforator flow. However, in most surgically managed cases in the literature, sacrifice of the perforator was reported. It is important for the literature to demonstrate that patency of the perforator is an ...
Hartlage Gregory R GR Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Supracristal ventricular septal defect (SCVSD), a defect of the infundibular portion of the interventricular septum just below the right aortic cusp, occurs more frequently in Eastern Asian populations. SCVSD may be complicated by right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SoVA). We present the case of a 26-year-old male of Korean descent ...
Kojima Takuro T International Medical Center, Saitama Medical - - 2014
Background:This study tested the hypothesis that aortic stiffness is increased more in patients with single ventricular (SiV) circulation and dilated aorta than in those without aortic dilatation, and that aortic stiffness is an independent determinant of aortic dilatation in this type of patient.Methods and Results:Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and aortic size were ...
Boudjemaa Sabah S Department of Pathology, Hopital Armand Trousseau, PARIS, - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare disease in children. We report a case of a 2-year old boy admitted to the intensive care unit of our hospital for severe dyspnea and epistaxis. Laboratory investigations showed hemolytic anemia with schizocytes and severe thrombocytopenia. Cardiac investigations diagnosed supra-systemic pulmonary arterial hypertension, ...
Ha Vu N - - 2014
We report a rare case of fulminant congestive heart failure with fatal outcome in a 21-year-old girl with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A young woman was admitted in the intensive care unit for pericardial tamponade associated with disseminated coagulopathy and refractory shock secondary to multiple coronary aneurysms. Post-mortem examination revealed ...
Asouhidou I I Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology 'G.Papanikolaou' General Hospital , Thessaloniki , - - 2014
Iatrogenic perforation of coronary artery is rare during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however the complications are life-threatening. Patients in this clinical setting may be treated either by stent placement, closure of the perforation with fibrin glue or coils, or with emergency bypass surgery. Onyx, a new material that has been ...
Soylu Erdinc E Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether open coronary endarterectomy (CE) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compares favourably with closed endarterectomy and CABG in the myocardial revascularization of patients presenting with diffuse coronary artery disease (DCAD). One ...
van Rossum Peter S N PS From the Department of Surgery (P.S.N.v.R., L.H., R.v.H., J.P.R.), Department of Radiotherapy (P.S.N.v.R.), Imaging Division (H.M.V.), and Department of Radiology (M.S.v.L.), University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584CX Utrecht, the - - 2014
Purpose To evaluate the association between the amount and location of calcifications of the supplying arteries of the gastric tube, as determined with a vascular calcification scoring system, and the occurrence of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction in patients with esophageal cancer. Materials and Methods Institutional review ...
Catlow Jamie J Elderly Medicine, North Tyneside General Hospital, Rake Lane North Shields, Tyne and Wear NE29 8NH, - - 2014
We describe the case of an 83-year-old lady with a known aneurysmal thoracic aorta, developing acute breathlessness and hypoxia, with no pain and unremarkable cardiovascular examination. As d-dimers were raised, she was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for suspected pulmonary embolism. CT pulmonary angiography showed acutely dissecting, Type-A, thoracic aortic ...
Akkaya Emre E Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thorasic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proximal cerebral protection devices have been developed as an alternative to filter protection devices for reducing neurological complications during carotid artery stenting (CAS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of silent cerebral embolism after CAS using different cerebral embolic protection devices and the impact of ...
Salgado Maria A M MA National Institute of Cardiology, Ministry of - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of single-point laser Doppler perfusion monitoring (LDPM) in the assessment of microvascular reactivity in the skin during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Cross-sectional observational study. Government-affiliated teaching hospital. Twenty male patients aged 60±2 years who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting under CPB. The authors assessed the endothelium-dependent vasodilation ...
Hattori Yorito Y Department of Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center; 5-7-1 Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565 - - 2014
We have recently established a novel mouse model of bilateral common carotid artery gradual occlusion. This model serves as a mimic of severe carotid artery disease with multiple cerebral infarctions induced by cerebrovascular insufficiency. In this study, we examined whether locomotor and cognitive impairment was induced in these mice using ...
Khosla S S Vascular Biology Unit, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an important cause of sudden death; however, there are currently incomplete means to predict the risk of AAA rupture. AAA peak wall stress (PWS) can be estimated using finite element analysis (FEA) methods from computed tomography (CT) scans. The question is whether AAA PWS can ...
Suzuki Kazuo K Department of Epidemiology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels, Akita, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to find out new knowledge about stroke among huge Japanese stroke registry involving complete brain images. The first stroke events from 1995 to 2004 in the Akita stroke registry (28,781 cases) were included in this study. According to brain images, we classified them into ...
Senol Sefa S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Educational and Research Hospital, Elazig, Turkey - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship of serum serotonin levels, which are supposed to affect vascular function, to peripheral arterial disease. This prospective study was performed in 70 patients (57 males, 13 females; mean age 67 ± 13 years) with peripheral arterial disease scheduled for surgery and 70 controls ...
Clark Richard A RA Cardiology Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX, - - 2014
Anomalous origination of a coronary artery from an opposite sinus of Valsalva (ACAOS) is a rare finding that is typically found on autopsy in a person with sudden cardiac death or during routine cardiovascular testing. The true prevalence is unknown for this reason. There is also question to the specific ...
Nakamura Akihiro A Department of Cardiology, Iwate Prefectural Central Hospital, 1-4-1 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate, 020-0096, Japan, - - 2014
A 65-year-old man with occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA) underwent the endovascular therapy (EVT). A successful EVT was performed with three paclitaxel-eluting peripheral stents (Zilver PTX(®)) implanted in the left SFA. Angiography 1 year later showed an exudation of contrast outside the stent struts, and intravascular ultrasound, and ...
Min Kyung-Jun KJ Department of Radiology, Kangdong Seong-Sim Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 150, Seongan-ro, Gangdong-Gu, Seoul, 134-701, South - - 2014
Infundibular dilation (ID) and aneurysm at the internal carotid artery (ICA)-posterior communicating artery (PComA) junction can be difficult to distinguish but may differ in clinical significance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of CT angiography (CTA) in differentially diagnosing IDs and small unruptured aneurysms at the ...
Walsh Katie A KA Department of Cardiology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
Left main coronary artery (LMCA) damage is a rare but catastrophic complication of cardiac ablation procedures. We describe the anatomic relationships of the LMCA to its adjacent structures using analysis of computed tomographic coronary angiograms (CTCA). We studied 100 patients (55 males, age 51 ± 10 years) who were investigated ...
Shen Chen-Tian CT Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, People's Republic of - - 2014
Ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) lung scintigraphy has been a popular diagnostic test for evaluation of pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) for almost 40 years. Despite the validation of V/Q scintigraphy, it is important to remember that there are causes of unmatched perfusion defects that are not due to PE. Here, we describe a very rare ...
Araz Omer O Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, 25240 Erzurum, - - 2014
The diagnostic utility of novel biomarkers in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is still under investigation. While many studies emphasize that high serum levels of high sensitive C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) has a moderate relation with PE, few studies show that Hs-CRP can be used to predict the outcome of ...
Lee Jin Hwa JH Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Channing Division of Network Medicine, United States ; - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) though pulmonary vascular changes occur early in the course of the disease. Pulmonary artery enlargement (PAE) measured by computed tomography (CT) correlates with PH and COPD exacerbation frequency. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of PAE in COPD subjects have ...
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