Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1151
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Camous J P - - 2005
When the cephalic vein route is not easily accessible for the introduction of permanent stimulation/defibrillation leads, retro-pectoral veins can be looked for, which are usually present and suitable in most patients. As with the cephalic vein route, it is a safer approach than direct subclavian vein puncture. Moreover, using a ...
Tsai Ming-Jer - - 2005
Formation of arteries and veins is a complex process. It was shown that activation of the notch signaling pathway in the artery results on the activation of arterial markers and the suppression of vein markers. However, factor, which instructs endothelial cells to take on the vein or artery identity, has ...
Choi Sang Il - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the variation of the size of pulmonary vein ostia during cardiac cycle using ECG-gated multi-detector row CT (MDCT). Nineteen patients were included in this study. Transaxial images at the level of right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV) were reconstructed in increments of 5%. ...
Yun Kwok L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the 6-month angiographic patency rates of greater saphenous veins removed during coronary artery bypass grafting with the endoscopic vein harvest or open vein harvest techniques. METHODS: Two hundred patients undergoing nonemergency on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting were prospectively randomized to either endoscopic vein harvest or ...
Sánchez-Quintana Damian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Phrenic nerve injury is a recognized complication following cardiac intervention or surgery. With increasing use of transcatheter procedures to treat drug-refractory arrhythmias, clarification of the spatial relationships between the phrenic nerves and important cardiac structures is essential to reduce risks. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined by gross dissection the ...
Kim Yun-Hyeon - - 2005
PURPOSE: To retrospectively establish normal values for pulmonary vein diameter, cross-sectional area, and shape depicted at computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board waived patient consent requirement and approved the study. Thin-section contrast material-enhanced spiral chest CT scans in 104 patients, 68 women and 36 men (age range, ...
Schummer W - - 2005
This prospective clinical investigation assessed the effect of placement of a Univent tube on the anatomy of the internal jugular veins and the success of cannulation of the left internal jugular vein. After obtaining informed consent, 48 adult patients were enrolled. Of these, 42 patients were eligible and were divided ...
Harney D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epidural vein cannulation has long been recognized as a problem in parturients due to distension of epidural veins. Epidural vein engorgement is maximal when the pregnant woman is in the supine position and minimal in the lateral position. Following an initial observation of an apparently high incidence ...
Jongbloed Monique R M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate multi-detector row computed tomographic (CT) depiction of pulmonary veins to provide a road map for radiofrequency catheter ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For patients, institutional review board (IRB) approval was not required, and consent was obtained for treatment. Control subjects were part of an IRB-approved research protocol at ...
Sabapathy S Raja - - 2005
The replantation of fingertip amputation (through the nail bed) requires repair of the artery and vein on the palmar side. These structures are present in different planes, with the artery being deeper and the veins superficial. The authors believe that vascular repair in such cases is facilitated by stabilization of ...
Chen Jan-Yow - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in isolating the cephalic vein contributes to failed pacemaker and intracardiac cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation via the cephalic venous approach. The deltopectoral groove is used as a rough landmark, but the vein is often not found here. We evaluated the benefit of pre-procedural duplex ultrasonography in isolating the cephalic ...
Yun Tae-Jin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported a limited but favorable experience with a novel sutureless technique for surgical management of postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis occurring after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Because this technique requires integrity of the retrocardiac space for hemostasis, extension of the technique to the primary ...
Melnyk Peter - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocytes in pulmonary vein (PV) sleeves are important in atrial fibrillation (AF), but underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Pulmonary veins have different ionic current properties compared to left atrium, with pulmonary vein inward-rectifier currents being smaller and delayed-rectifier currents larger than in left atrium. METHODS: Expression and distribution of ...
Caggiati A - - 2005
The veins of the lower limb are commonly divided in deep and superficial ones according to their position with respect to the Muscular Fascia (MF). Anatomical textbooks affirm that all superficial veins are thin walled vessels that run in a yielding layer of fat. Accordingly, no differences between saphenous Veins ...
Grzegorzewski W J - - 2005
This study was designed to determine whether steroid sex pheromones of the boar may affect the contractile activity of the superficial venous vessels of the nose and face in gilts, and in this way contribute to recently discovered humoral transfer of pheromones to the brain and hypophysis. The dependence between ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present the computed tomography (CT) findings for the iliac veins of 10 patients who had left-sided lower extremity deep vein thrombosis due to iliac vein compression syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CT findings for 10 cases of left-sided acute or chronic deep vein thrombosis caused by iliac vein ...
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2004
Coursing the posterior thigh as a tributary or trunk projection of the small saphenous vein (SSV), the Giacomini vein's clinical significance in chronic venous disease (CVD) remains undetermined. This cross-sectional controlled study examined the prevalence, anatomy, competency status, and clinical significance of the Giacomini vein across the clinical spectrum of ...
Uchino Shinya - - 2004
Our standard surgical approach to patients with papillary thyroid cancer is subtotal thyroidectomy with modified radical neck dissection (MRND) on the affected side. MRND preserves the jugular vein, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and the accessory nerve, effectively conserving function and cosmesis. Knowledge of the anatomy of the neck, precise staging, prognostic ...
Flisiński Piotr - - 2004
There are 3 groups of perforating veins of the shin: the medial, the lateral and the internal sural perforating veins. Dysfunction of these veins is one of the main factors in venous hypertension. There is a lack of data in the literature concerning perforating veins of the shin in human ...
Ciostek P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: o analyse the effect of superficial and perforating veins surgery on deep vein incompetence. METHODS: During a six-month period between 2000 and 2001 24 patients (32 limbs) with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) were treated. They were selected because they had varicose veins and proximal deep vein incompetence with photoplethysmography ...
Raman Jay D - - 2004
PURPOSE: We characterized spermatic cord microanatomy in men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) presenting for varicocelectomy. We discuss the implications of these findings for varicocele repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1997 and 2003, 8 men with CBAVD underwent a total of 11 microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomies at ...
Hayward N J - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the dimensions of the pulmonary arteries and veins in the cat, both in normal animals and those with evidence of intrathoracic disease. The radiographs of 50 normal cats, 35 cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and 15 cats with other intrathoracic disease were ...
Molmenti E P - - 2004
We evaluated a technique for implantation of right kidneys with short renal veins without the need for venous reconstruction. The technique of iliac vein transposition was performed in six recipients who received right kidneys with short renal veins. Two cases were living related donors, two were living unrelated, one was ...
Nishida Norifumi - - 2004
A 66-year-old woman with a gastric varix, draining into a dilated left adrenal vein and a left inferior phrenic vein, was treated with dual balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO). Under balloon occlusion of the left adrenal vein and the left inferior phrenic vein, retrograde injection of a sclerosant (5% ethanolamine ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2004
We present a case of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation in an adult, the rupture of which caused a fatal hemorrhage. Macroscopic examination, together with plastination of specimen with S10, and microscopic examination showed connection of the aneurysm with the right thalamoperforating artery and, bilaterally, with the posterior choroidal and ...
Hadley Kevin S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: At the conclusion of the article the readers should be able to safely and reliably find the hypoglossal canal using the infratemporal fossa approach. HYPOTHESIS: Very little has been written on the regional anatomy of the hypoglossal canal as seen through a transtemporal approach. This project attempts to further ...
Ryba Stanisław - - 2004
The shape of the middle lobe of the right lung may vary greatly because of the varying extent of its surfaces in different specimens and the profuse branching of the two segmental bronchi, arteries and veins. The architecture of the middle lobe is therefore especially difficult to understand. For these ...
Lopchinsky Richard A - - 2004
The exposure for an axillary dissection has become more limited as surgical treatment for breast cancer has evolved from a radical mastectomy to a limited axillary dissection. Exposure of the axillary vein is made more difficult by the smaller incisions, by preservation of intercostobrachial nerves, and by the induration resulting ...
Kiray Amac - - 2004
The spectrum of individual anatomic variations of the vascular structures are broad, however, the exact incidence of variations of the lumbosacral vein is obscure. In the current study, 38 iliolumbar veins were dissected from 19 formaldehyde-preserved male cadavers. The drainage pattern of the iliolumbar vein was determined. The diameter and ...
Guzik Tomasz J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Impaired endothelial function, characterized by nitric oxide scavenging by increased superoxide production, is a hallmark of vascular disease states. However, molecular mechanisms regulating superoxide production in human blood vessels remain poorly defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared endothelial function, vascular superoxide production, and the expression of NAD(P)H oxidase subunits ...
Belani Jay S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To correlate the varicocele grade on physical examination with the number and size of the veins present and ligated during surgery. Varicoceles are correctable causes of male factor infertility. No prior anatomic studies have correlated the preoperative clinical grade of a varicocele with the number of veins discovered and ...
Caggiati Alberto - - 2004
Many authors of the 19th century are erroneously credited for their discovery of perforating veins. In this report, we show the first representations of perforating veins, dated 1793. These are from the German anatomist Justus Christian Von Loder, who correctly described most of the groups of perforating veins we currently ...
Okamoto Keishi - - 2004
Two examples of partial anomalous drainage of the pulmonary vein were detected at dissection. The first case was found in a 70-year-old female Japanese. An aberrant vein, approximately 6 mm in diameter, that derived from the upper lobe of the right lung was observed to drain into the superior vena ...
Ducasse E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence to suggest that prosthetic distal bypass graft patency can be improved, and the risk of intimal hyperplasia diminished, by interposing a distal vein cuff. We studied intimal remodeling in an end-to-side distal prosthetic anastomosis constructed with and without a vein cuff. METHODS: Twenty-four prosthetic bypasses ...
Chess Cyrus - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Polaris LV, electro-optical synergy (ELOS) technology, which combines diode laser (915 nm) and radiofrequency (RF) (1 MHz) energies, for the treatment of leg veins. METHODS: A total of 25 patients (Fitzpatrick I-IV) with a total of 35 sites (0.3-5.0 mm vessel diameters) were treated with up ...
Degner Daniel A - - 2004
To develop and evaluate surgical approaches to the arteries and veins of the head and neck for use as potential recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. Experimental anatomic study. Eleven canine cadavers; 2 preserved cadavers and 9 fresh cadavers. The head and neck of one preserved cadaver injected with pigmented ...
Golombek Sergio G - - 2004
We report the case of a term newborn with vein of Galen aneurysm. No antenatal diagnosis was done. The infant was admitted secondary to cardiac failure, with cardiomegaly and pulmonary hypertension. Physical examination was remarkable for acrocyanosis, microcephaly, cranial bruit, bilateral neck swelling, coarse breath sounds, and a hyperdynamic precordium ...
Cendrowska-Pinkosz Monika - - 2004
Direct analyses were performed on 50 hearts submitted for post mortem examination. The remaining hearts were examined by the corrosion method. The aim of the work was to assess the morphology of the small cardiac vein. The small cardiac vein, which runs along the back surface of the coronary sulcus, ...
Ibukuro Kenji - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to describe the radiologic findings of the collateral venous pathways in the transverse mesocolon and the greater omentum associated with pancreatic diseases and to correlate these venous pathways and the accompanying arterial anatomy. The collateral pathway in the transverse mesocolon consists of the inferior ...
Stefanov Miroslav - - 2004
The literature on the vascularization of the canine prostate is reviewed and the clinical significance of prostate morphology is described. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), combined with improved corrosion casting methods, reveal new morphological details that promise better diagnostics and treatment but also require expansion of clinical nomenclature. A proposal is ...
Chaynes Patrick - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The veins draining the posterior wall of the third ventricle and its adjacent structures and the posterior part of the midbrain have been the most neglected of the intracranial vascular structures in both the anatomic and neurosurgical literature. During our dissections of the pineal region and the quadrigeminal cistern, ...
Gormus Niyazi - - 2004
An 18-year-old female patient suffering from a painful right-sided neck mass was admitted to our emergency service. Computed tomography of the neck revealed thrombosis of the right internal jugular vein. Computed tomography of the chest indicated septic pulmonary emboli in both lungs. Blood and oropharyngeal cultures showed proteus that was ...
Bauer Jason R - - 2004
Blunt and penetrating traumatic injuries may result in acute or subacute vascular injuries. These injuries to solid organs and extremity vessels are often managed in a conservative fashion. Acuity and hemodynamic compromise may dictate a surgical course; however, interventional techniques first popularized in the early 1970s now offer a wide ...
Levitt David G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Modeling of pharmacokinetic parameters and pharmacodynamic actions requires knowledge of the arterial blood concentration. In most cases, experimental measurements are only available for a peripheral vein (usually antecubital) whose concentration may differ significantly from both arterial and central vein concentration. METHODS: A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for the ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2004
This is the case of a 46-year-old female recently diagnosed with a squamous cell bronchogenic carcinoma that spread through the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. This mass was initially seen on surface echocardiography as emanating from the pulmonary vein and subsequently confirmed to be arising from the right superior ...
Okcu Guvenir - - 2004
We dissected 150 fresh cadaver halves by ilioinguinal exposure, and counted all vessels more than 2 mm in diameter, connecting the obturator system to the external iliac system. The distance between the symphysis pubis and the anastomotic vessels was measured. We found vascular anastomoses between the obturator and external iliac ...
Birnie David - - 2004
Biatrial pacing is a promising new therapy for drug refractory AF. This article reports two studies. First, an initial 14-patient experience with a novel technique for biatrial pacing. The authors attempted to pace from the LA vein branches of the proximal CS for LA stimulation. LA vein pacing would potentially ...
Pavkov Mircea L - - 2004
We described the anatomy of the utero-ovarian venous system in the adult postmenopausal female cadaver using casts and the von Hagen's plastination technique. To qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the uterine vein, the utero-ovarian arcade, the ovarian vein and the ramus communicans between left and right parametrium, we injected epoxy resin ...
Kim Hyo-Cheol - - 2004
We illustrate the spectrum of venous collateral pathways caused by the thoracic central venous obstruction with direct spiral computed tomography (CT) venography and 3-dimensional reconstruction images. Venous structures that can be demonstrated with CT venography include the jugular veins; the subclavian and brachiocephalic (innominate) veins; the internal and lateral thoracic ...
Hauser Thomas H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a reproducible method for characterizing the anatomy of the proximal pulmonary veins. BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced three-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) is a commonly requested test before and after radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. While CE-MRA readily visualizes the pulmonary veins, there is no ...
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