Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1151
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Sèbe P - - 2002
This study of 88 adrenal venograms looked at the anatomical variations in the drainage of the principal adrenal veins. These were seen with a frequency of 5% on the right and 6% on the left. On the right, we have described ectopic anastomoses with the hepatic veins. On the left, ...
Hennan James K - - 2002
Resistance of fibrin-bound thrombin to inactivation by the heparin/antithrombin III complex is considered a limitation in the use of heparin as an antithrombotic agent. Intimatan (dermatan 4,6-di-O-sulfate) is a heparin cofactor II agonist that inhibits both free and bound forms of thrombin. The present study examines the hypothesis that Intimatan ...
Molloy S - - 2002
Compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery has been well described (Cockett's syndrome). The authors describe a case report of compression of the right common iliac vein by the right internal iliac artery. The patient presented with ipsilateral lower limb oedema. Venography showed smooth ...
Hocini Mélèze - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients is often initiated by foci in the pulmonary veins. The mechanism of these initiating arrhythmias is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine electrophysiological characteristics of canine pulmonary veins that may predispose to initiating arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Extracellular recordings were obtained ...
Smith Mathew D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ability to visualize ovarian veins by sonography in postpartum patients as well as to assess the frequency of ovarian vein thrombosis in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy subjects were recruited from either the postpartum ward or labor and delivery unit ...
Forauer Andrew R - - 2002
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging and venography of the left common femoral and iliac veins were performed in 16 patients. The studies were evaluated for the anatomic cause of obstruction and how IVUS influenced endovascular management. IVUS demonstrated the cause of vessel compression in all 16 patients. Other findings, such as ...
Prades J M - - 2002
Duplication of the internal jugular vein (IJV) is a rare malformation. Three intraoperative cases are reported. In our personal experience, the clinical incidence of the anomaly is approximately 4 per 1,000 unilateral neck dissections. The venous duplication is at a variable height, affecting the superior part of the IJV. The ...
Carmen Calles María - - 2002
For pediatric transplants, a suturing technique is needed that allows the vessel to grow along with better healing of the anastomosis, through eliminating exogenous and thrombogenic material in the intimal side, thus minimizing the risk of vascular stenosis. In this study, 12 55-day-old lambs were subjected to end-to-end anastomosis of ...
Yoleri Levent - - 2002
End-to-side venous anastomosis is sometimes necessary when there is the lack of a suitable vein, when there is a size discrepancy in the veins to be repaired, or when the anastomosis of multiple veins is required. The effects of elliptical vs. slit venotomy on vessel patency have not been investigated ...
Naito I - - 2002
Summary: A new facial vein approach by direct puncture at the base of the mandible is described for the treatment of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas. The facial vein is easy to identify, expose, and cannulate compared with the superior ophthalmic vein. The facial vein approach provides an alternative to the superior ...
Kwon Stephen S - - 2002
Ultrasound (US)-guided cannulation of the internal jugular vein (IJV) has become the preferred approach for venous access as a result of its higher success rate and lower incidence of complications. This report describes a case of thoracic duct injury during US-guided left IJV catheterization. The normal and variant anatomy of ...
Blebea John - - 2002
Angiogenesis, the development of new blood vessels, has become an area of increased interest for both scientific and clinical application purposes. Proangiogenic agents, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and naltrexone, have been shown to effectively induce new blood vessel growth. Other growth factors, such as the endogenous opioid ...
Yasutaka Satoru - - 2002
We investigated whether arteries pass superficial to veins or whether veins pass superficial to arteries at artery-vein crossings on the anterior, dorsolateral, and posterior surfaces of the human cerebrum. We examined a total of 2,266 artery-vein crossings on 40 sides of 20 cadavers. At 2,059 crossings (91%), the vein passed ...
Hoffmann Olaf - - 2002
We report a case of atypical cerebral venous drainage in a 38-year-old woman with symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Thrombosis of the left internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinus was suspected on the basis of spin-echo and time-of-flight MR findings, but multisection CT angiograms showed a patent sigmoid sinus ...
Mann T - - 2002
We performed ultrasound examinations on forty-five patients with a history of carotid endarterectomy to assess the patency and position of the internal jugular vein on the side of the endarterectomy. The study was performed in a tertiary referral centre. In the 55 internal jugular veins examined (ten bilateral procedures), the ...
Ozdemir B - - 2002
Multiple variations of the azygos venous system were detected during routine dissection. The hemiazygos vein was underdeveloped. On the left side of the thorax, posterior intercostal veins between the 8th and 11th intercostal spaces and the subcostal vein drained into the azygos vein independently. In addition, the posterior 4th, 5th, ...
Forte F - - 2002
During the dissection of a female human cadaver a case of a duplex ovarian vein was observed. It was unique in its upper course where it anastomosed with an inferior polar renal vein, which in turn was linked to an upper polar renal vein by means of a joining branch. ...
Desai Ketan - - 2002
We report a rare case of developmental deep venous system anomaly. The great vein of Galen and the straight sinus were absent. Both internal cerebral veins and the basal veins of Rosenthal drained into a large frontal interhemispheric falcine vein, which eventually drained into the superior sagittal sinus. The patient ...
Sukop A - - 2002
The authors present the case of a 17-year-old patient with amputation of the distal portions of three-phalangeal fingers. During replantation of each finger a different method of revascularization of the amputate was used. In one finger the classical replantation pattern was used: anastomosis of the digital artery and dorsal vein. ...
Hofer T - - 2002
There have only been a few reports about thrombotic events in the volar digital veins. The observation of 2 such cases gives reason to discuss this rare symptomatology. Thrombosis of the digital veins can be categorised into three subtypes: the first shows clinical similarity to thrombotic events in veins or ...
Fudge Mack - - 2002
The objective of this study was to develop a simple, safe, reproducible, and efficient technique that used readily available commercial materials for percutaneous catheterization of an external jugular vein in the pig. Guidewire-assisted vascular cannulation was introduced in the early 1950s and is often called the Seldinger technique, after its ...
Ramelet A-A - - 2002
Ambulatory phlebectomy is a safe, aesthetic, effective and economical operative technique, which enables venous extraction with a special hook, assuring complete and definitive eradication of the veins. Minimal skin incisions (1-3 mm), or even needle punctures, usually result in little or no scarring. This aesthetic method is particularly indicated to ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary vein potentials reflect depolarization of muscle fascicles within the myocardial sleeves that surround the pulmonary veins. The response of pulmonary vein potentials to premature stimulation has not been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 31 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation referred for segmental isolation of the pulmonary veins, programmed ...
Seghaye Marie-Christine - - 2002
A 7-year-old boy developed increasing cyanosis after a total cavopulmonary connection with a 3 mm fenestration in the baffle. Catheterisation performed 4 years and 7 months after the operation showed reopening of a left superior caval vein draining into the pulmonary venous atrium. Due to the large size of the ...
DemIrbaƟ M - - 2001
Intratesticular varicocele is an extremely rare and a relatively new clinical entity. A 22-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with left testicular pain. On physical examination, a grade III varicocele was noted on the left side, and the testis was soft as well. Gray-scale ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound ...
Uchiyama N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The choice of surgical approach to treat medial tentorial meningiomas is crucial and sometimes difficult to make. Although the subtemporal approach is most commonly used for lesions that extend mostly supratentorially, it risks injury to the vein of Labbé or the veins coursing along the subtemporal surface. ...
Khanlari B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of topically applied isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) ointment on superficial hand veins preconstricted with phenylephrine. METHODS: Using the hand vein compliance technique, venous diameter changes were measured in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled cross-over trial in 12 healthy volunteers. During preconstriction with phenylephrine, placebo or ISDN ointment ...
Lee D W - - 2001
Subfascial endoscopic perforator vein surgery (SEPS) was recently introduced as a minimally invasive method to ligate incompetent perforating veins in patients with severe chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremities. Herein we describe a technique in which we used a 5-mm ultrasonic scalpel for the transection of perforating veins in ...
Asala S - - 2001
The testis is an important organ upon which the survival of the human species depends. The testicular arteries and veins play major roles in the thermo-regulation that is essential for the efficient functioning of this organ. However, very little is found in the literature about the veins and their anatomical ...
Webb S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Using a newly acquired archive of previously prepared material, we sought to re-examine the origin of the pulmonary vein in the human heart, aiming to determine whether it originates from the systemic venous sinus ("sinus venosus"), or appears as a new structure draining to the left atrium. In addition, ...
Straussberg R - - 2001
Venepuncture of the superficial veins in the forearm is considered a relatively safe procedure. We report two patients who presented with osteomyelitis of the proximal radius following venous cannulation of the median cubital vein, and one patient who developed osteomyelitis of the distal radius after cannulation of the cephalic vein. ...
Niimi M - - 2002
Brachiocephalic fistula is one of the main options to gain blood access for hemodialysis. Although the fistula is easy to establish, puncture becomes increasingly difficult because the cephalic vein runs deep and fibrous tissue is being continually deposited over the cephalic vein. Although superficialization-i.e., the removal of fibrous tissue along ...
Poskitt K J - - 2001
Summary: Vein of Galen vascular malformations are either Vein of Galen Aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs) or Vein of Galen Aneurysmal Dilatations (VGADs). VGAMs may be of the choroidal or mural type and are fistulas associated with the precursor of the vein of Galen. The treatment of VGAMs is aimed at controlling ...
Poskitt K J - - 2001
Summary: The evaluation of treatments such as embolization, stereotactic radiation, and even surgery would be enhanced by an objective method of measuring flow in feeding arteries or draining veins. We developed a non-invasive method of measuring vascular flow using cardiac gated phase contrast MR angiography (MR Q flow). The purpose ...
Atasoy C - - 2001
PURPOSE: We studied the gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic findings in intratesticular varicoceles in 7 testes in 5 patients. METHODS: The study group comprised 5 infertile men referred for scrotal sonography and found to have intratesticular varicocele. Patients were examined at rest and during Valsalva's maneuver in supine and standing ...
Moyon D - - 2001
Remodeling of the primary vascular system of the embryo into arteries and veins has long been thought to depend largely on the influence of hemodynamic forces. This view was recently challenged by the discovery of several molecules specifically expressed by arterial or venous endothelial cells. We here analysed the expression ...
Komiyama M - - 2001
A newborn infant with a marked dilatation of the cerebral duro-venous system is presented. The patient was diagnosed as having a vein of Galen aneurysmal varix by a cranial ultrasound examination immediately following delivery. Computed tomographic angiography on the following day, however, showed a marked dilatation of the cerebral duro-venous ...
Corvin S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Microsurgical ligation as well as antegrade sclerotherapy have been established in varicocele treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a combination of microsurgery and sclerotherapy can provide a safe and effective treatment of varicocele recurrence or persistence. METHODS: Nine patients with recurrent or persistent varicoceles were ...
Ho S Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation of tissues in pulmonary veins can eliminate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of normal pulmonary veins so as to provide more information relevant to radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: 20 structurally normal heart specimens were examined grossly. Histological sections were made from 65 pulmonary veins. RESULTS: ...
Fitoz S - - 2001
True jugular vein aneurysms and phlebectasias are very rare abnormalities, which are usually discovered in children. Though their ultrasonographic features have been well described, magnetic resonance angiographic appearance of these lesions has not been reported in the radiology literature. We describe gadolinium-enhanced MR angiographic findings in two patients with internal ...
Besoluk K - - 2001
This study was carried out to evaluate the origin, course and terminations of the cardiac veins in Akkaraman sheep and Angora goats. These vessels are the great cardiac, left marginal, middle cardiac, right cardiac and smallest cardiac veins. For this purpose, latex was injected into the jugular vein of eight ...
Hogendorf P - - 2001
The authors investigated the pineal blood supply in the rat, including microvascularisation, using different methods of vascular corrosion cast technique and two methods of inspection: scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscope (LM). The animals were divided into three groups and injected with two types of casting media. It was ...
Lei T - - 2001
This paper presents a near-automatic process for separating vessels from background and other clutter as well as for separating arteries and veins in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiographic (CE-MRA) image data, and an optimal method for three-dimensional visualization of vascular structures. The separation process utilizes fuzzy connected object delineation principles and ...
Muhammad J K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of medial (inwards) and lateral (outwards) rotation of the head on the transverse diameter of the internal jugular vein. MATERIAL: The original study sample included 26 patients. Duplex ultrasound was used to measure the transverse diameter of the internal jugular vein at a fixed point ...
Imanishi N - - 2001
Veins in the scapular region were investigated in five fresh cadavers, in which radiopaque materials were injected into both the arterial and the venous systems, to determine their locational relationship to the arteries. This radiographic technique is very useful for comparing veins and arteries. Many veins not accompanying arteries were ...
Vaidyanathan S - - 2001
A report of a male subject who sustained paraplegia at T-5 level due to spinal cord injury (SCI) 18 years ago, and in whom, occlusion of the left common iliac vein by a distended bladder was detected during a routine follow-up. To illustrate a rare complication of chronic distension of ...
Ibe B O - - 2001
Leukotrienes (LTs) are potent vasoconstrictors in the pulmonary circulation. We investigated LTB4 and LTE4 metabolism by intrapulmonary arteries and veins of 2 to 9 days old lambs (n = 6). Paired vessels were incubated under baseline, and stimulated conditions. LTB4 and LTE4 were extracted from media, quantfied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent ...
Lévy D - - 2001
The position of the lateral branch of the accessory nerve in relation to the internal jugular vein is given variously by different authors. In surgery of the neck, and especially in conservative cervical lymph node clearances, the lateral branch of the accessory nerve is protected when it is situated lateral ...
Itoh M - - 2001
The right gonadal vein (GV=testicular vein in men, ovarian vein in women) usually drains into the inferior vena cava (IVC) while the left gonadal vein drains into the left renal vein (RV). This anatomical difference induces relatively weak haemodynamics in the left testicular vein (TV) and is considered to be ...
Uehara M - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the blood supply of the superiorly based and posteriorly based platysma muscle myocutaneous flap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four fresh cadaver specimens were injected with Microfil (Flow Technologies, Inc, Carver, ME) red stain in the common carotid artery and blue stain in the brachiocephalic vein. To clarify ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >