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Results 301 - 350 of 780
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Clark J R - - 2001
The features that constitute an "ideal" functional occlusion have not been conclusively established. Orthodontic treatment has the capacity to change static and functional occlusal relationships fundamentally. In this article, we present the evidence on which features of the occlusion are reported to be detrimental to the teeth and masticatory system ...
Chinn S B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the effect of vascular occlusion on radiofrequency lesion shape, volume, and temperature in a porcine liver model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Radiofrequency lesions (n = 33) were created in the livers of six domestic pigs in vivo using a multiprong radiofrequency electrode. Lesions were randomly assigned to ...
Westgate J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical utility of overshoot fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations by examining their occurrence after umbilical cord occlusions of varying frequency and length in near-term fetal sheep. METHODS: Fetuses were allocated to the following three groups: 1-minute umbilical cord occlusion repeated every 5 minutes (1:5 group, n ...
Schmidt O - - 2001
We report a case of spontaneous iliac occlusion in a 44-year-old male patient after long-distance running. Atherogenic risk factors like hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and smoking were missing. Spontaneous iliac occlusion is extremely rare and only a few cases have been documented. Angiography showed occlusion of the left iliac artery with ...
Niwa M - - 2001
The involvement of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in ischemia was evaluated by detecting the expression of neuronal NOS (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS) by the immunohistochemical method in the rat model of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Transient MCA occlusion (2 hours) was induced in 32 male ...
Nehme Omar S. - - 2001
Small bowel ischemia is a relatively uncommon disorder requiring prompt recognition and aggressive management if significant morbidity and mortality are to be averted. The pathophysiology of the ischemic event usually will determine the management approach used. Factors to be considered include whether the ischemia is the consequence of arterial or ...
Nishida T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the occlusion duration on the characteristics of coronary occlusive plaques. BACKGROUND: The percutaneous recanalization of chronic total coronary occlusions is a technically demanding and yet often unsuccessful procedure due to unfavorable morphological changes described by histology but not well defined in vivo. METHODS: Thirty-five ...
Stanson A W - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to review the positive angiographic findings in patients with polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). The authors reviewed the angiograms of 56 consecutive patients (25 women and 31 men; age range, 18-81 years; mean age, 55 years) with PAN and arterial abnormalities consistent with necrotizing vasculitis. Aneurysms ...
Scholz D - - 2001
The formation of collateral arteries as a process adaptive to arterial occlusion is now called 'arteriogenesis' to emphasize the difference to angiogenesis, the formation of capillaries by sprouting from pre-existent ones (W. Schaper, I. Buschmann. Cardiovasc Res 1999; 43: 835-7; I. Buschmann, W. Schaper. J Pathol 2000; 190: 338-42; D. ...
Wilson J - - 2000
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: There has been debate about which anteroposterior maxillomandibular relationship should be used in fixed and removable prosthodontics for patients without a definite maximal intercuspation. The choice has important implications for complete denture fabrication in which any guidance to the previous dentulous maximal intercuspal position is missing. PURPOSE: ...
Story B H - - 2000
Voice training techniques often make use of exercises involving partial occlusion of the vocal tract, typically at the anterior part of the oral cavity or at the lips. In this study two techniques are investigated: a bilabial fricative and a small diameter hard-walled tube placed between the lips. Because the ...
Xie Q - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine comprehensively and quantitatively the effects of sustained occlusion of the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery on neuronal expression of Fos, the protein product of the proto-oncogene c-fos, in the rat brain. Occlusion coronary artery induced a fall in mean arterial ...
Martin M - - 2000
To date, intraarterial lysis is a widely accepted form of treatment for femoropopliteal occlusions. However, the outcome of therapy has been difficult to predict. Therefore, the present study dealt with two parameters likely to influence the occlusion removal rate. These are the outflow condition distal of the occlusion, and the ...
Murray J D - - 2000
The cases reported here demonstrate the variability of the clinical manifestations of left common iliac venous occlusive disease. In each instance, therapy must be adjusted to meet the symptomatic needs of the individual patient. The experience reported here should reinforce the fact that occlusions even 25 months or longer in ...
Puca A - - 2000
An unusual case of rotational occlusion of a non-dominant vertebral artery (VA) is presented. This clinical syndrome is associated for the first time with a complex craniovertebral junction malformation. Rotational occlusion of the VA is usually asymptomatic, vertebro-basilar insufficiency has been rarely observed in cases of involvement of a dominant ...
Stücker M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Raynaud's phenomenon is a hallmark of progressive systemic sclerosis (SSc). While nailfold capillary changes are well known, morphological changes in larger arteries have less been focused on. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In the study presented we examined how often in digital subtraction angiography organic changes of the arteries of the ...
van Rooij W J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Validation of a new angiographic test occlusion protocol before carotid balloon occlusion in patients with carotid aneurysms. METHODS: Carotid occlusion was considered for 29 consecutive patients. From 1993 to 1995, test occlusion in four patients consisted of clinical observation for 30 minutes and during electroencephalographic registration. From 1996 onward, ...
Ustünda─č Y - - 2000
To our knowledge, the occlusion of arteries and platelet hyperaggregation have not been reported in patients with malignant mesothelioma. However, venous thromboembolism, especially in the pulmonary vasculature in association with thrombocytosis and hyperfibrinogenemia, are commonly noticed in this disorder. Furthermore, we detected enhanced platelet aggregation in a case of malignant ...
Arbustini E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Coronary thrombosis is a frequent complication of allograft vascular disease (AVD) in cardiac transplant recipients. No data are available on thrombus composition in these hearts. METHODS: The present study aimed at characterizing thrombus components in coronary arteries from transplanted hearts with AVD, using single and double immunostain with anti-gpIIb-IIIa, ...
Hassan I A - - 2000
The aim of this study was to develop an arterial occlusion method and compare it with the venous occlusion method for measurement of peripheral oxygen utilisation in neonates using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Twenty healthy neonates were studied. Arterial occlusion was produced by inflating a neonatal blood pressure cuff to ...
Wideman R F RF - - 2000
Broilers that survived unilateral pulmonary artery occlusion and lived to maturity comprised the first generation (GEN1) of an ascites-resistant line. Progeny from the GEN1 line previously were shown to tolerate fast growth and cool temperatures with a 50% lower incidence of ascites than chicks from the breeder pullet line serving ...
Mawatari K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It remains difficult for surgeons to choose between an in-flow and sequential arterial reconstruction in patients with multisegment arterial occlusive disease. In addition, the exact criterion for the proper revascularization procedures of these patients also remains obscure. METHODS: The profundapopliteal collateral index (PPCI) was determined in all patients with ...
Barr J D - - 2000
Permanent occlusion of the carotid and vertebral arteries has long been used as a treatment for certain aneurysms, tumors, arteriovenous fistulae, and traumatic injuries. Temporary occlusion of these vessels often is used to predict patient tolerance before permanent vessel occlusion. When inadvertent arterial occlusion or injury is considered to be ...
Oz N - - 2000
We report the case of a 33-year-old woman who was admitted to our clinic with the diagnosis of chronic arterial occlusion of the right lower extremity. Preoperative angiography suggested an iliofemoral atherosclerotic occlusion. During surgery multiple hydatid cysts causing iliofemoral occlusion were found and excised. Arterial reconstruction was performed using ...
Demchuk A M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) can localize arterial occlusion in stroke patients. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency of specific TCD flow findings with different sites of arterial occlusion. METHODS: Using a standard insonation protocol, we prospectively evaluated the frequency of specific TCD findings in patients with or ...
Walsh D B - - 1999
Imaging for lower extremity arterial bypasses continues to evolve as distal target vessels are more frequently small infragenicular arteries. For these procedures to be properly planned and executed, accurate anatomic knowledge of the lower extremity arterial system and potential venous conduits is essential. The utility of current imaging methods for ...
Coert B A - - 1999
Although middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat is often used to study focal cerebral ischemia, the model of ischemia affects the size and reproducibility of infarction. The purpose of this experiment was to methodically examine different preparations to determine the optimum focal cerebral ischemia model to produce a ...
Kónya A - - 1999
PURPOSE: To experimentally evaluate a new self-anchoring vascular occlusion device suitable for use in large, high-flow vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A basket-shaped occluding device consisting of a nitinol frame (with or without polyester threads) covered with Dacron was evaluated in the common iliac arteries and abdominal aortae of normal pigs. ...
Marzooq A A - - 1999
Recent studies and literature reviews of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) do not strongly support the role of occlusal etiologic factors. For this paper we collected and classified studies dealing with occlusion as a contributing factor to TMD through reviews, and discussions of these difficulties and possible solutions. Related articles from 275 ...
Hata K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Brief antecedent periods of coronary artery occlusion improve subsequent vessel patency in damaged and stenotic coronary arteries via release of adenosine from ischemic/reperfused myocardium and resultant adenosine receptor stimulation. However, the site of receptor stimulation-circulating blood-borne elements (ie, platelets) versus vessel-wall components of the culprit artery-remains unclear. If platelet ...
Hammond C S - - 1999
Respiratory-related evoked potentials (RREPs) have been elicited by inspiratory loads in adults and children. The RREP was recorded over the somatosensory region of the cerebral cortex. It was hypothesized that a RREP could be recorded by using expiratory occlusion. Electroencephalographic activity was recorded in adults from 14 scalp locations, referenced ...
Schumacher M - - 1999
Local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF) is the best choice at present for treatment of acute vessel occlusion in the vertebrobasilar territory and also, in selected cases, in the carotid territory. In almost all cases angiography demonstrates the site of occlusion exactly and gives information about collateral circulation. Contrary to this common ...
Hodor L - - 1999
Acute arterial occlusion may be caused by an embolus, thrombosis, or trauma. Vascular diseases can involve complications not limited to vascular-related areas and may require a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. An overview of acute arterial occlusion is presented, as well as a case study of an atypical presentation ...
Hoffman W E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the ability of brain tissue oxygen pressure (PO2), carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2), and pH to detect regional ischemia produced by temporary brain artery occlusion, compared with a group without artery occlusion. METHODS: Patients undergoing craniotomy for cerebrovascular surgery were recruited for this study. A 0.5-mm-diameter probe was ...
Muellner T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Early detection of vascular impairments after free tissue transfers are essential to prevent flap failure. Near-infrared spectroscopy showed good promise to monitor flaps at deep levels successfully without being invasive. The purpose of this study was to test whether the INVOS 3100 cerebral oxymeter is capable of detecting circulatory ...
Mol B W - - 1999
In this study, we compare the prognostic significance of hysterosalpingography (HSG) and laparoscopy for fertility outcome. In a prospective cohort study in 11 clinics participating in the Canadian Infertility Treatment Evaluation Study (CITES), consecutive couples who registered between 1 April 1984 and 31 March 1987 for the evaluation of subfertility ...
Akagi S - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: Report of a case of external iliac artery occlusion occurring as a rare complication of lumbar posterior spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the cause of this rare complication and recommend methods for preventing its recurrence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several cases of central retinal artery occlusion after posterior ...
Ohkado A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to find out whether intravenously administered heparin is distributed equally not only proximal but also distal to the arterial occlusion level in vascular reconstructive surgery. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients (7 men and 3 women) with an average age of 69.9 years (range, 51 ...
Macko R F - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Activation of plasma protein C (PC) zymogen by thrombin-thrombomodulin at the endothelial surface is an important endogenous antithrombotic mechanism. It is unknown whether activated protein C (APC) is generated in vivo in the cerebrovasculature, because there is only limited thrombomodulin expression in human brain vascular endothelium. Therefore, ...
DiGiovanni R J RJ - - 1999
A 16-year-old Caucasian teenager developed fatigue, abdominal pain, pneumonia, and subsequently acute vascular occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery. Vascular assessment and heparin therapy lead to bone marrow aspiration and a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Treatment with chemotherapy prevented loss of limb and avoided further vascular surgery. Young ...
Nagasawa S - - 1999
We simulated parent artery occlusion therapy for basilar head aneurysms to elucidate the hemodynamic changes induced by different occlusion sites and diameters of the posterior communicating arteries (PCom) as collateral pathways. A vascular model of the vertebrobasilar system with a basilar head aneurysm was constructed. Four types of occlusion were ...
Reyneke J P - - 1999
The surgical cephalometric prediction tracing involving the alteration of the occlusal plane differs from the conventional surgical prediction tracing. When conventional surgical prediction is developed, the final occlusal plane is dictated by the occlusal plane of the mandible, with or without autorotation. The mandible (and therefore the mandibular occlusal plane) ...
Negoro M M Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine; Nagoya, - - 1998
We have treated 142 aneurysms with intrasaccular or parent artery occlusions. Selective intrasaccular occlusions were attempted on 109 cases. Total or subtotal saccular occlusion was achieved in 93 of 96 cases. lntrasaccular occlusion could not be achieved in 13 cases because of various reasons such as wide neck, branching from ...
Airaksinen K E - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We tested whether acute coronary occlusion interferes with arterial baroreceptor control of heart rate in humans. BACKGROUND: Subnormal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is an important risk indicator for sudden death. Animal research indicates that both chronic myocardial infarction and acute coronary occlusion impair baroreflex modulation of heart rate. METHODS: We ...
Squadrito F - - 1998
Selectin-mediated leucocyte accumulation is implicated in the pathogenesis of splanchnic artery occlusion. Sulfatide is recognized by P-selectin and blocks this adhesion molecule. We investigated the effects of sulfatide in rats subjected to splanchnic artery occlusion shock. Anaesthetized rats, subjected to total occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery and the coeliac ...
Hirai T - - 1998
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of pulsed Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) and color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) for the screening of arterial occlusive disease in the pelvis and lower extremities. METHODS: We studied 52 patients with intermittent claudication or lower extremity "coolness." Pulsed Doppler waveforms were measured in the inguinal and popliteal ...
Levy E I - - 1998
Intraarterial thrombolytic therapy decreases mortality in the treatment of acute basilar artery occlusion. An acute decrease in cerebral blood flow (CBF) (<12 mL/100 g per minute) has been reported to invariably result in infarction. We report a case of acute basilar artery occlusion, recanalized within 90 minutes, with reversal of ...
Taylor C L - - 1998
Temporary artery occlusion is an effective way to reduce the detrimental effects of intraoperative aneurysm rupture and to facilitate aneurysm dissection. The major risk incurred is of cerebral infarction. Dilemmas in the use of this technique include the amount of time that arterial flow may be interrupted safely and whether ...
Horvath K A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Transmyocardial laser revascularization has been used to treat patients with end-stage coronary artery disease that is not amenable to standard revascularization. Although there is evidence of angina relief and quality of life enhancement, there is little information concerning improvement in myocardial contractility. The purpose of this study was to ...
Weill A - - 1998
Giant middle cerebral artery (MCA) trifurcation aneurysms that cannot be excluded directly can be treated by flow inversion achieved by creation of an extracranial-intracranial bypass distal to the aneurysm, followed by occlusion of the parent vessel proximal to the aneurysm. As opposed to surgical occlusion, endovascular occlusion avoids dissection of ...
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