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Tran David N - - 2007
Curved planar reformation allows comprehensive visualization of arterial flow channels, providing information about calcified and noncalcified plaques and degrees of stenoses. Existing semiautomated centerline-extraction algorithms for curved planar reformation generation fail in severely diseased and occluded arteries. We explored whether contralateral shape information could be used to reconstruct centerlines through ...
Joy R - - 2007
Upper limb digital arterial occlusion is uncommon. We present the case of a 47-year-old man with an ischaemic right middle finger (dominant hand) due to trauma from carrying a heavy plastic shopping bag. Duplex scanning revealed no proximal source of emboli. An angiogram demonstrated occlusions in the medial and lateral ...
Hobeika Mark J - - 2008
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is most commonly the result of arterial occlusive disease, specifically atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture within the infrainguinal arteries. The physiological response to CLI is partial limb reperfusion via the distinct processes of angiogenesis and arteriogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular matrix-remodeling enzymes that play an ...
Grundmann S - - 2007
Pharmacological attempts to stimulate the growth of collateral arteries (arteriogenesis) are evolving towards a new treatment option for patients with vascular occlusive diseases. This enlargement of small pre-existing anastomoses towards large conductance arteries takes place independent of local oxygen tension and is driven by changes in luminal shear stress and ...
Kallmes David F - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report a preclinical study of a new endoluminal device for aneurysm occlusion to test the hypothesis that the device, even without use of intrasaccular coil placement, could occlude saccular aneurysms without causing substantial parent artery compromise or compromise of adjacent, small branch arteries. METHODS: The Pipeline ...
Grigoriadis Savvas - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute basilar artery occlusion is an infrequent but potentially fatal cause of stroke, both in adults and children. We present our experience with a 6-year-old child and we investigate the rationality for late treatment of acute basilar occlusion in children. METHODS: We report the case of a ...
Hartman J - - 2007
A prototype endovascular electromechanical clot-extraction device was fabricated using a combination of shape memory polymer and shape memory nickel-titanium alloy (nitinol). Five embolic vascular occlusions were created in 4 rabbits by injecting thermally coagulated blood through a 4F catheter in the common carotid artery. Angiography immediately after clot injection showed ...
Kostanian V - - 2007
A patient with acute top of the basilar syndrome clinically was found to have only a small basilar artery filling defect but complete occlusion of the artery of Percheron. Intra-arterial thrombolysis resulted in favorable neurologic outcome. To our knowledge, this is the only case of angiographically proved and treated artery ...
Motarjeme Amir - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report a single-center clinical experience with ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis in the treatment of both arterial and venous thromboses. METHODS: From January 2005 to June 2006, 33 patients (23 men; age range 39-90 years) with 36 occlusions were treated using ultrasound-enhanced thrombolytic therapy for acute and chronic arterial and venous ...
Enomoto Y - - 2007
Summary: Acute basilar artery (BA) occlusion is typically associated with poor outcome; however newer diagnostic and treatment modalities have the potential to improve prognosis. In this study, six patients with acute BA occlusion were followed and the effectiveness of local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF) and subsequent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with ...
Farma Jeffrey M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Celiac artery occlusion occurs in a small percentage of the population. Identifying this is critical in planning for pancreaticoduodenectomy. We reviewed 332 patients treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy, and identified 14 patients with celiac artery occlusion. METHODS: Between 1988 and 2006, 14 (4%) of 332 patients treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy had median ...
Wang M-Q - - 2007
The association between teeth loss and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is still inconclusive. A kind of secondary changes of the occlusion after teeth lose called the tightly locked occlusion (TLO), defined as the occluding contact that delivers angled occlusal force on the drifted neighbour and/or the tipped antagonists of the lost ...
Yu Wengui - - 2007
Acute basilar artery occlusion portends high risk of stroke and death. Thrombolysis or endovascular therapy has been limited to patients who present within hours of symptom onset. Without recanalization, acute basilar artery occlusion almost always results in death or severe disability. We report a case of basilar artery occlusion and ...
Guthikonda Sasidhar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Use of upper-arm arterial occlusion to induce reactive hyperemia, and endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, induces greater conduit vessel dilatation than lower-arm occlusion. However, brachial artery ischemia after upper arm arterial occlusion may make this approach unreliable. We studied whether upper or lower arm occlusions differ ...
Ross I B - - 2007
Parent artery occlusion (PAO) is still indicated at times for the treatment of craniocervical vascular disease. Because of the unavailability of silicone and latex balloons in the United States, costly combinations of detachable and pushable coils have been required to achieve PAO. We describe our experience with a simple and ...
Sharma V K - - 2007
Although common carotid artery (CCA) occlusions are rare, acute clinical presentations vary from mild to devastating strokes primarily due to tandem occlusions in the intracranial arteries. Three patients with acute CCA occlusions were treated with systemic tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). Blood pressures were kept at the upper limits allowed with ...
Nandeesh B
Acute aortoiliac occlusion is an unusual but potentially catastrophic condition causing acute limb ischemia and associated with early and high rates of mortality and morbidity. It is caused by either embolic occlusion of the infra renal aorta at the bifurcation or beyond or thrombosis of the abdominal aorta and its ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lead V(4R) faces the right ventricular free wall; it also reflects ischemia in the posterolateral wall lying opposite and manifests as ST-segment depression. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of V(4R) ST-segment depression in distinguishing proximal from distal left circumflex artery occlusion in acute ...
Wung Shu-Fen SF The College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0203, USA. - - 2007
Differentiating occlusion of the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery (also called the circumflex artery) from occlusion of the right coronary artery is often difficult because either may be associated with a pattern of acute inferior myocardial infarction on the electrocardiogram. To determine if an inexpensive 18-lead electrocardiogram can ...
Graziani L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Arteriographic lesions of diabetic subjects with critical limb ischemia (CLI) and ischemic foot ulcer were reviewed retrospectively, to provide new criteria for stratification of these patients on the basis of their vascular involvement. PATIENTS: In 417 consecutive CLI diabetic subjects with ischemic foot ulcer undergoing lower limb angiography, lesions ...
Tissot C - - 2007
We report the case of a 14 year-old girl with a pulmonary atresia with VSD and multiple aortopulmonary collaterals who underwent a successful complementary occlusion of a large collateral vessel using an Amplatzer vascular plug after a previously failed attempt of occlusion with a coil. The percutaneous procedure, performed from ...
Li X - - 2007
Translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from the mitochondria to the nucleus can play a major role in neuronal death elicited by oxidant stress. The time course of nuclear translocation of AIF after experimental stroke may vary with the severity of injury and may be accelerated by oxidant stress associated with ...
Pellanda C - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Occlusion by covering the skin with an impermeable wrap enhances skin hydration, affects drug absorption and can induce the formation of a drug reservoir within the stratum corneum. This is desired in local therapy with topical corticosteroids. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of occlusion ...
Jones W Tracey WT - - 2006
Individuals with chronic lower extremity pain or lifestyle limiting claudication often undergo angiography prior to intervention. Occasionally initial angiographic findings are not indicative of a true pathologic process. Described below are two such cases. Both of the patients described had iliofemoral atherosclerotic disease with arteriographic suggestion of popliteal artery occlusion. ...
Stahel Philip F - - 2006
The technique of a long posterior myocutaneous flap described by Ernest M. Burgess in the late 1960s is one of the most frequent procedures for below-knee amputations worldwide. To account for some potential problems associated with this procedure in patients with occlusive arterial disease, Lutz Brückner developed a modified amputation ...
Laganà D - - 2006
PURPOSE: Our aim is to report our experience in the endovascular treatment of steno-occlusions of the infrarenal abdominal aorta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 19 patients (mean age 66.3 years, range 45-80): five with complete occlusion of the infrarenal aorta and both common iliac arteries (CIAs), four of which were ...
Saqqur Maher - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stringent transcranial Doppler (TCD) criteria for diagnosing occlusion are needed for more reliable TCD performance at bedside in the acute stroke setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: At three academic stroke centers, we performed TCD examination for patients with symptoms of cerebral ischemia who underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA). We used ...
Townshend Jennifer - - 2006
AIM: To compare the performance of pulse oximeters during movement and brachial artery occlusion. METHODS: Three machines (MasimoSET, using MasimoSET LNOP Pdt paediatric sensor, Mars 2001 using Novametrix paediatric sensor no. 6455 and Nellcor 595 using Nellcor 595 Oximax-P paediatric sensor and Nellcor 595 MAX-FAST adhesive forehead reflectance sensor) were ...
Bergmann Caroline E - - 2006
It has been suggested that monocytes/macrophages represent the pivotal cell type during early adaptive growth of pre-existent arterial anastomoses toward functional collateral arteries (arteriogenesis) upon arterial occlusion. This hypothesis was supported by previous studies providing evidence that elevation of the peripheral monocyte count, increased monocyte survival (e.g., granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating ...
Ferrari Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Excess cerumen (earwax) in the external auditory canal is associated with symptoms of earache, fullness in the ears, and diminished hearing. These symptoms, and tinnitus, are commonly associated with whiplash injury. METHODS: Eighty-six whiplash patients were examined to determine if there was a correlation between symptoms of earache, fullness ...
Lee H - - 2006
Neuro-vasculo-Behçet's disease is considered a venous vessel disease generally in the form of cerebral venous thrombosis. Arterial involvement has been rarely reported. We present a patient with neuro-Behçet's disease who developed reversible basilar artery occlusion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of neuro-Behçet's disease presenting ...
Wang Chen Xu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Embolic occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) leads to distal perfusion deficits as the vessel is recanalized. However, the mechanism for the perfusion deficits is not fully understood. The authors examined whether distal movement of fragments formed from the original thrombus contributes to the perfusion deficits. METHODS: In ...
Jacobs Donald L - - 2006
Treatment of chronic total occlusions of the iliac and femoral-popliteal vessels with endovascular techniques has become the standard approach for shorter lesions and is increasingly applied to long, complex arterial occlusive lesions. As the complexity of the arterial occlusions increases, the demands for technical skills and devices needed to successfully ...
Rodríguez J - - 2006
The presentation of two cases of veno-occlusive priapism, in patients of 36 and 58 years, in whom the different medical and surgical techniques employed, failed. The suspicion that high-flow priapism had been provoked by said surgical intervention was confirmed by bilateral arteriographs of the pudendal artery. The treatment, selective embolisation ...
Hoya K - - 2006
Summary: We review four cases of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysm, of which three showed intolerance of parent artery occlusion. In two, balloon test occlusion (BTO) indicated poor opacification of the PCA branches from the anastomoses, and therefore, permanent occlusion was not attempted.
Tamaki Masahiro - - 2006
Using monochromatic synchrotron radiation, we performed microangiography in C57BL/6J mice and investigated their vasculature after unilateral and bilateral carotid artery occlusion. Bilateral occlusion of the carotid artery was made by a ligation of the left common carotid artery followed by a ligation of the right internal carotid artery (ICA) two ...
Ochiai Masahiko - - 2006
The success of percutaneous intervention for chronic total occlusion depends mainly on crossing the lesion with a wire. This report deals with the principles and the technical tips of intravascular ultrasound-guided wiring for chronic total occlusion, which can be divided into two trategies.The first is "identification of the site of ...
Yin Shankai - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: Triple semicircular canal occlusion will eliminate rotatory stimulation to the vestibular peripheral system (as it blocks endolymphatic fluid movement) and therefore release rotatory vertigo attack. This surgery is safe in ears with endolymphatic hydrops. BACKGROUND: Semicircular canal occlusion has been used as an alternative treatment of intractable benign paroxysmal ...
Rees J S - - 2006
The role of occlusal loading in the development of non-carious cervical lesions is becoming increasingly prominent. It is suggested that high occlusal loads result in large stress concentrations in the cervical region of the teeth. These stresses may be high enough to cause disruption of the bonds between the hydroxyapatite ...
Dobrosielski Devon A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to examine the temporal response of the brachial artery diameter following 5 minutes of forearm occlusion in young men. A secondary objective was to compare the main features of the temporal pattern between young and old. METHODS: Sixteen young (28 +/- 8 yrs) and fifteen older ...
Kirihara Takanao - - 2005
Mandibular displacement related to simulated loss of posterior occlusal support was investigated. Twenty-four volunteers with natural dentitions were selected. To change the posterior occlusal support, occlusal splints fitted to maxillary dental arches were cut in sequence from the most posterior to anterior. The more the absence of posterior occlusal support ...
Aydin K - - 2005
Morphological changes of ependyma, subependyma and choroids plexus regions were evaluated after experimental anastomotic venous occlusion in twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats. In this model, small burr holes were made over the anterior and posterior anastomotic veins and after precisely locating these vessels, bipolar coagulation and microscissors were used to perform ...
Takarada Yudai - - 2006
A vascular occlusion by a tourniquet inflated at the proximal end of the upper arm is suggested to affect the estimation of exertion force level. In the first part of this study, subjects were asked to estimate the isometric force exerted by the occluded hand with that of the other ...
Kozak M - - 2005
Intravascular thrombi change in time due to retraction and organization, which is reflected in the appearance of magnetic resonance images of clots. We have hypothesized that MRI has the potential to improve patient selection for thrombolytic treatment. The aim of our study was to analyze occlusive arterial thrombi with MRI, ...
Schunck Michael - - 2005
The repair of the permeability barrier to prevent the entry of harmful substances into the body is a goal in wound healing. Semi-occlusive foils, which provide an artificial barrier, are commonly used for the treatment of wounds. We examined the effects of foils on wound contraction, cell migration, and reepithelization. ...
Ponsky Todd A - - 2005
Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is characterized by an overproduction of eosinophils that leads to organ damage. Although most cases of HES frequently affect the lungs, heart, and gastrointestinal tract, there are a few reported cases of peripheral vascular involvement. We report a case of a patient with a history of colonic ...
Kristensen Jens - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) has been proposed to possess important tissue protective, apart from haematopoietic, effects. Cardioprotective effects have thus been reported in rodents exposed to myocardial ischaemia. Pathways common to the mediation of ischaemic preconditioning may be involved. Before clinical testing such possible cardioprotective effects needs assessment in ...
Lai Shiao-Lin - - 2005
Although unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion and bilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion have been reported in the past, bilateral CCA occlusion is rare. The management and mechanism of unilateral CCA occlusion and bilateral ICA occlusion are debatable, but those of bilateral CCA occlusion are largely unknown. Herein, we ...
Healey Jeff S - - 2005
AIM: This pilot study assessed the safety and efficacy of left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion, performed at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS: At the time of CABG, 77 patients with risk factors for stroke were randomized to LAA occlusion or control. The LAA was ...
Bartlett D - - 2005
The topic of occlusion presents a conundrum to many practitioners. To some the topic is very complex and yet to others, although important, it illustrates how adaptive the dentition is to change. This commentary presents some arguments as to how the importance of occlusion and its understanding have evolved since ...
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