Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 536
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Hara A - - 1994
A 39-year-old male presented with rapidly growing recurrent primary intracranial malignant lymphoma, manifesting as intractable headache, recent memory disturbance, and left hemiparesis during the previous month. He had received irradiation and chemotherapy for primary intracranial malignant lymphoma 15 months before admission. Signs of uncal herniation developed soon after admission. High-dose ...
Nakase H - - 1994
A 40-year-old male, treated with radiotherapy and supraophthalmic intracarotid artery (ICA) ACNU infusion for glioblastoma in the right occipital lobe, developed cerebral infarction secondary to vasculopathy manifesting as hemiparesis 3 months after a second ICA injection. The initial diagnosis was focal neurotoxicity, but angiography revealed severe vasospasm of the anterior ...
Venkatesh B - - 1994
The use of a combined electrochemical and fibreoptic continuous intra-arterial blood gas sensor is described. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the performance of the sensor in 10 patients in the intensive therapy unit following insertion through a femoral arterial cannula. To our knowledge this is the first ...
Garramone R R RR - - 1994
Case reports of three patients presenting with acute limb-threatening lower extremity ischemia as a result of thrombosed popliteal artery aneurysms are described. Intra-arterial urokinase was administered to each patient prior to definitive surgery. This improved the infrapopliteal runoff in each case, allowing for successful arterial reconstruction without limb loss.
Dodd T J - - 1994
AIMS: To record the histopathological findings associated with intra-arterial injection of Temazepam gel by nine drug misusers. METHODS: Standard histological examination and immunocytochemistry for endothelial markers (factor VIII related antigen, Ulex europaeus lectin) were carried out. RESULTS: Intra-arterial injection of Temazepam gel may cause severe vascular injury and lead to ...
den Heijer P - - 1994
A European coronary angioscopy working group has been established to create and evaluate a classification system for angioscopic observation. The 'Ermenonville' classification features items, graded in 3-5 categories, such as lumen diameter, shape of narrowing, colours of surface, atheroma, dissection, thrombus, etc. Inter- and intra-observer agreement on the interpretation of ...
Smith C M - - 1994
Intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy is an important advance in the treatment of arterial occlusive disease. Reports of results, morbidity, and mortality have been highly variable. This review was undertaken to assess the recent results of thrombolytic therapy with urokinase (UK) at our institution. From 1988-1992, 42 lower extremities in 41 patients ...
Ferris C F - - 1994
In golden hamsters, microinjections of arginine vasopressin (AVP) within the anterior hypothalamus (AH) and lateral septum (LS) elicit the display of a stereotyped behavior: flank marking. As these areas are reciprocally connected, we tested whether AVP-sensitive sites constitute an organized network. Flank marking was recorded in animals with ibotenic acid ...
Pritz M B - - 1994
Pupillary changes attributed to intracisternal papaverine injection were observed in three patients who underwent pterional craniotomy and clipping of a supratentorial aneurysm in which the oculomotor nerve was not manipulated. A fixed and dilated pupil on the side of the craniotomy lasted 2 to 4 hours after intracisternal papaverine instillation. ...
Hamilton M G - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The efficacy of thrombolytic therapy for treatment of embolic stroke has been a subject of both experimental and clinical examination. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, in regard to reduction of volume of ischemic brain, of two different modes of administration (ie, intra-arterial ...
Cripps N P - - 1994
Details are reported of four patients who developed serious distant haemorrhagic complications while undergoing peripheral arterial thrombolysis with intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). The thrombolytic regime comprised a 20 mg bolus of t-PA followed by a continuous infusion of 1 mg/hr. Four additional cases of haemorrhage at the catheter entry ...
Seemann J - - 1994
A man, aged 52 years, who had a secondary Raynaud phenomenon affecting the left hand and index finger had been treated unsuccessfully with intravenous prostaglandin E1 and amputation of the finger was proposed. He was given intra-arterial prostaglandin E1 for 10 days and amputation was not necessary. He recovered almost ...
Nakagawa H - - 1994
We administered selective intra-arterial chemotherapy consisting of a combination of etoposide and cisplatin to 20 patients with malignant glioma (seven with recurrent and six with enlarged tumors after initial treatment, and seven newly diagnosed patients). Evaluation of efficacy was based on computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings. In the ...
del Zoppo G J - - 1993
Up to 90% of patients (those with occlusive stroke) may be candidates for clot lysis. Fears that lysis might cause hemorrhage appear to be unwarranted. The most important clinical lesson learned to date is that the earlier the intervention, the better the outcome. Issues such as the most efficient diagnosis, ...
Inoue H - - 1993
Adrenal arterial infusion of absolute ethanol (AE) was successfully performed to treat a hyperfunctioning aldosteronoma. One milliliter of AE was infused into the branches of the inferior adrenal artery using a microcatheter with coaxial technique. No severe complications occurred during the procedure. The patient has experienced no recurrence of symptoms, ...
Kataoka M - - 1993
To compare the distribution of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) on scintigraphic images between intra-arterial injection with lipiodol and intravenous injection, we obtained serial scintigraphic images using radiolabeled CDDP (Pt-195m CDDP), which had a high specific activity (7.4 x 10(6) Bq [200 microCi]/mg-CDDP), in the rabbit VX-2 tumor system. A dose of ...
Biegeleisen K - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial injection is the most dreaded complication of sclerotherapy of varicose veins. The medical literature does not contain enough data to enable one to formulate a definitive strategy for either the prevention or treatment of this complication. OBJECTIVE: Seven cases of intra-arterial injection are presented. The causes of these ...
Fujimoto C - - 1993
Innervation by noradrenergic (NA) and neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) nerves to the pancreatic islets and the arteries supplying the islets was studied by immunocytochemistry in 6- and 20-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Since both the NA and NPY-IR nerves follow the intra- and interlobular small arteries ...
Koscielniak-Nielsen Z J - - 1993
Twenty-six adult patients participated in this study of intra-arterial and intravenous regional analgesia. The radial or the brachial artery was cannulated in patients randomised to receive intra-arterial regional analgesia and a hand vein was cannulated in patients randomised to receive intravenous regional analgesia, with a 22-G cannula. A double cuffed ...
Galland R B - - 1993
Approximately 12 per cent of limbs undergoing intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) develop distal embolism or extension of thrombus during the procedure. These are usually of little clinical consequence and can be treated by increasing the rate of administration of the lytic agent. However, in some patients the clinical condition of the ...
Astedt B - - 1993
We studied systemic changes in the plasminogen activating system induced by local intra-arterial infusion of recombinant t-PA (rt-PA) in ten patients with arterial occlusion. The arterial infusion of rt-PA resulted in an immediate increase of t-PA activity and antigen in venous plasma. Concomitantly the plasma was depleted of PAI-1 activity ...
Ashida K - - 1993
Complete recanalization was achieved by intra-aortic infusion of urokinase in a case of complete occlusion of the abdominal aorta. The patient was a fifty-nine-year-old man with atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus who was admitted because of intermittent claudication and pain in both lower extremities at rest. Angiography demonstrated complete ...
Baker C H - - 1993
It has become evident that complete elimination of the vasodilator response to agonists that require the release of nitric oxide (NO) is necessary for certain studies of the microcirculation. The A2 and A3 arterioles of the rat cremaster muscle microcirculation were studied by video-microscopy. At control, arterioles at rest or ...
Haynes S R - - 1992
We have assessed the accuracy of coagulation studies in blood obtained from intra-arterial cannulae. Paired samples were studied in blood from 39 patients receiving intensive care; one sample was obtained by venepuncture and the other from an intra-arterial cannula after the apparatus deadspace plus 5 ml of blood had been ...
Yoshizumi M - - 1992
A 58-year-old female patient with lymphedema of the left leg was treated by repeated intraarterial lymphocyte-injection therapy. To elucidate whether the injected lymphocytes act at the affected site of the leg, we examined the distribution of the In-111 oxine labeled lymphocytes injected into the proximal artery to the affected leg ...
Kassell N F - - 1992
Cerebral vasospasm continues to be the leading treatable cause of morbidity and mortality following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this preliminary anecdotal series of 12 patients who were candidates for balloon angioplasty, vasospasm was treated instead with intra-arterial papaverine. Eight patients had marked angiographic reversal of the arterial narrowing following papaverine ...
Brommer E J - - 1992
Each of three distinct, concentric layers of human arterial thrombi, was analysed immunochemically for the plasminogen and fibrin content, and for the ex vivo susceptibility to thrombolysis by various thrombolytic agents in a saline or plasma milieu. The age of the thrombus layer determined: (a) the plasminogen content; (b) the ...
Lemus J F - - 1992
The accuracy and reliability of an invasive intra-arterial oxygen sensor catheter was evaluated in 20 critically ill surgical intensive care unit (SICU) patients. All patients required continuous arterial blood pressure monitoring, at least 72 hours of ventilator support, and intermittent arterial blood gas sampling for clinical management. The intra-arterial sensor ...
Jeng S F - - 1992
A successful case of lower lip vermilion replantation is presented where there was lack of a suitable vein for drainage after arterial flow was re-established. The venous stasis was overcome by the "chemical leech," intra-replant subcutaneous heparin injection at intervals 9 days postoperatively. The result is excellent both aesthetically and ...
Manotti C - - 1992
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: A few case reports have suggested a possible thrombogenic effect of nonionic contrast media. In vitro investigations have lead to conflicting results. The authors performed three ex vivo studies to evaluate the influence of an ionic, ioxaglate, and a nonionic, iopamidol, low-osmolality contrast medium on a series ...
Elder J S - - 1992
Of 22 boys with an intra-abdominal testis 8 (12 testes) underwent the 2-stage Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy. During stage 1 the testicular artery and internal spermatic vein were ligated in situ 2 to 3 cm. superior to the intra-abdominal testis. The testicular vessels were transected inferior to the ligatures 6 months later ...
Zhu Q - - 1992
Adenosine deaminase was infused into isolated perfused guinea pig hearts to determine its effect on myocardial adenosine levels. The enzyme was administered during constant coronary flow perfusion at 6.11 +/- 0.36 ml.min-1.g-1. Venous adenosine was measured in samples of pulmonary artery effluent; epicardial and endocardial adenosine were measured with the ...
LeBlang S D - - 1992
In a retrospective review, a low-dose urokinase (UK) infusion regimen (mean, 87,000 U of UK per hour and 100 U of heparin per hour) was evaluated for lower extremity arterial and graft occlusions. Results of 132 infusions in 111 patients were analyzed to determine efficacy, limb salvage, and complications. Angiographic ...
Hudson M - - 1992
Based on the demonstration of mural granulomatous vasculitis in Crohn's disease, it was hypothesized that this vasculitis may account for the discontinuous pattern of lesions in this condition. Accordingly, the present study investigated the histological changes produced by interruption of the submucosal and mucosal microcirculation in the ferret midgut. Two ...
Sintenie J B - - 1992
A case is described in which inadvertent intra-arterial injection of phenytoin led to digital gangrene, with arteriography showing occlusion of the digital arteries, necessitating amputation of fingers. The high alkalinity of phenytoin is strongly irritant to vessel walls. Intravenous injection of phenytoin should be given only with great care and ...
McGregor A D - - 1992
Intra-arterial fluorescein has been used to study the area of abdominal skin perfused by the inferior epigastric artery. Three patterns of perfusion were demonstrated and, overall, there was little correlation with the distribution anticipated on the basis of previous cadaver injection studies. It is suggested that the "angiosome" concept proposed ...
Ko T C - - 1992
A 40-year-old woman had persistent Zollinger-Ellison syndrome despite excision of a 4-cm duodenal gastrinoma. Localizing studies including ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, duodenal endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography, and intraoperative endoscopic transillumination of the duodenum failed to detect a tumor. Selective intra-arterial methylene blue injection was used to identify a 6-mm ...
Smith B E - - 1992
A clinical evaluation of the clinical utility, techniques of use, durability, accuracy, and potential complications of a newly available system for the continuous real-time, intra-arterial monitoring of arterial blood gas and acid base status (ABG) has been studied (Optex BioSentry System, Optex Biomedical, Incorporated, The Woodlands, Texas, U.S.A.). The system ...
Ord J M - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Contemporary cardiovascular practice relies increasingly on thrombolysis as a therapeutic modality. Its optimal use requires prompt, noninvasive delineation of thrombotic occlusion in arterial beds and rapid detection of reocclusion after initially successful thrombolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We have been developing an approach to noninvasively image thrombi in which plasminogen-activating ...
Harker G J - - 1992
Clinical evidence that intra-arterial chemotherapy is more effective in regressing head and neck cancers than equivalent intravenous doses is lacking. Intra-arterial versus intravenous 5-fluorouracil infusion was compared in a naturally occurring, auricular epidermal squamous cell cancer in sheep. Of 18 lesions infused intra-arterially and of 18 infused intravenously with the ...
Samuelson U E - - 1992
An island buttock flap based on the deep circumflex iliac artery and vein was raised in four pigs. Cutaneous laser Doppler blood flow (LDF) and total venous outflow (VO) from the flaps were measured. Intra-arterial infusion of endothelin-1 (0.3-2.5 nmol) through a branch of the deep circumflex iliac artery induced ...
Barr H - - 1992
Three patients presented with multiple acute arterial occlusions in separate limb vessels. The diagnosis was confirmed by angiography. Each patient was successfully treated by simultaneous infusion of low-dose intra-arterial streptokinase into each occlusion. All of the patients were improved clinically and in two patients completely normal pressure indices were restored.
Harada S - - 1991
1. The aim of this study was to examine whether arginine vasopressin modulates the vasoconstricting action of phenylephrine in human forearms. 2. In seven healthy subjects, we determined the percentage increases in forearm vascular resistance evoked by intra-arterial infusion of phenylephrine at graded doses during simultaneous intra-arterial infusion of saline ...
Adir Y - - 1991
We present a case of accidental injection of oral methadone and flunitrazepam into the ulnar artery, with resultant severe ischaemia of the hand. Initial therapy consisted of systemic vasodilators, low molecular weight dextran and aspirin. When this therapy failed to produce improvement and amputation of the involved hand seemed inevitable, ...
Vannini P - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of local intra-arterial thrombolysis by urokinase was evaluated in eight non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients with angiographic evidence of infrapopliteal occlusive disease and rapidly progressive foot lesions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: With an electric peristaltic pump, urokinase was infused for 96 h by a 5-6 F catheter introduced into ...
Keen R R - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether plasma lipid hydroperoxides may be a useful marker for sepsis. DESIGN: Exploratory, open-label study. SETTING: Critical care unit at a university medical center. PATIENTS: Twelve patients with sepsis syndrome requiring hemodynamic monitoring with pulmonary artery catheters. Seven patients were diagnosed with pulmonary infections and five patients ...
Berridge D C - - 1991
Arteriography does not reliably distinguish between acute and chronic arterial occlusions. Seventeen patients with acute lower limb ischaemia were investigated by arteriography and by imaging with a platelet-specific monoclonal antibody (P256 Fab'); 20 MBq 111In-labelled P256 Fab' was administered intravenously and patients were imaged at intervals of between 20 min ...
St George J K - - 1991
Intra-arterial 99mTc colloid scintigraphy may have greater sensitivity than either standard intravenous scintigraphy or selective arteriography in detecting gastrointestinal bleeding. Ten millicuries of 99mTc colloid were administered directly into the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries (SMA and IMA) of patients who had undergone selective arterial catheterization for the evaluation of ...
Goldman G - - 1991
An extravascular chemoattractant leads to migration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) to that site, whereas intravascular administration leads to PMN oxidative activity and sequestration in microvessels but no diapedesis. This study examines the inhibitory role of intravascular chemoattractants. Rabbits (n = 37) were pretreated with zymosan-activated plasma (ZAP), leukotriene (LT) B4, ...
Alavaikko A - - 1991
Eleven patients with acute arterial occlusion of the lower limb were treated by standard balloon catheter embolectomy. Residual thrombus seen in intraoperative arteriograms was treated with streptokinase: after an initial dose of 10.000 IU, streptokinase was infused intra-arterially in a dose of 5.000-10.000 IU/hour. The average infusion time was 40 ...
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