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Uotani K - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CT and MR angiographies have been reported to visualize the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) noninvasively to prevent spinal cord ischemia in surgery of thoracic descending aortic aneurysms. The purpose of this work was to compare the usefulness of CT angiography (CTA) with intra-arterial contrast injection (IACTA) with ...
Ouattara Djibril - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the arterial vascularization of the appendix, in order to propose a classification of the different vascular types of the appendix for the realization of free transfer in reconstructive microsurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We achieved the removal as a monobloc of the ...
Kakeda S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development of flat panel detectors (FPDs) has made cone-beam CT feasible for practical use in a clinical setting. Our purpose was to assess the usefulness of cone-beam CT using the FPD in conjunction with conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for performing superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy for head ...
Grootenboers M J - - 2007
Selective pulmonary artery perfusion (SPAP) is a modality of regional chemotherapy first investigated in the 1950's. A number of studies in animal models documented pharmacokinetic superiority with high-dose local cytostatic drug concentrations when compared to intravenous administration. Blood flow occlusion of the pulmonary artery before or after drug injection results ...
Awad H - - 2007
This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of repeated intracavernosal injection (ICI) self-injection on the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and the diameter of cavernosal arteries. Sixty erectile dysfunction (ED) patients who were positive responders for ICI therapy were studied. Pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography (PPDU) was carried out before starting ICI ...
Westhout Franklin D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial verapamil infusion with or without balloon angioplasty is a common therapy for patients with hypertensive, hypervolemic, and nimodipine-refractory vasospasm following aSAH. Seizures occurring from IA infusion of verapamil are rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 24-year-old Korean-American woman presented with aSAH from the rupture of a 5-mm ICA bifurcation aneurysm. ...
Bergui Mauro - - 2007
Acute basilar artery occlusion carries a high risk of disabling stroke or death. Fast recanalization of the vessel is the mainstay of the therapy. Recanalization may be achieved by intravenous or intra-arterial administration of thrombolytics. These procedures are currently used as life-saving interventions, despite the low level of evidence supporting ...
Seidler Randolph W - - 2007
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a stimulator of collateral artery growth and has been shown to increase collateral artery conductance in rabbits and pigs. The minimal infusion duration and the minimally effective dose of MCP-1 are currently unknown, as is the sustainability of the therapeutic effect over a longer observation ...
Lewis K E - - 2007
Three cases of post-extubation stridor due to suspected laryngospasm are described in which a small dose of lignocaine injected intra-tracheally, through the cricothyroid membrane, produced rapid and effective relief of stridor with no early recurrence or side-effects. The procedure was performed safely and quickly and was well tolerated by patients. ...
Powers William J - - 2007
The poor prognosis for recovery of basilar artery thrombosis has led to the adoption at many institutions of intra-arterial thrombolysis as part of clinical care. However, because neither randomized clinical trials nor observational data provide evidence for treatment efficacy and there are substantial risks and costs associated with this procedure, ...
Benedict Susan L - - 2007
Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, although the standard of care for the management of acute ischemic stroke in adults, is used infrequently in children. The authors describe the use of intra-arterial recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in a young child with embolic stroke. Thrombolysis restored flow to the affected middle cerebral artery ...
Lind Lars - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although obesity has long been recognised as a cardiovascular risk factor, only in recent years has the role of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) been evaluated. In the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, we related VAT and other obesity indices to endothelium-dependent vasodilation in both ...
Panerai R B - - 2006
Estimates of cerebral critical closing pressure (CrCP) and resistance-area product (RAP) are often derived using noninvasive measurements of arterial blood pressure (ABP) in the finger, but the errors introduced by this approach, in relation to intra-vascular measurements of ABP, are not known. Continuous recordings of ABP (Finapres and solid-state catheter-tip ...
Iwabuchi Satoshi - - 2006
The cerebral circulatory dynamics were evaluated before and after intra-arterial administration of fasudil hydrochloride in 20 patients with angiographic vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The region of interest time-density curves obtained before and after intra-arterial administration of fasudil hydrochloride were compared in the proximal portion of the middle cerebral artery ...
González Arturo Sotomayor - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-invasive evaluation of endothelial function with high resolution ultrasound has become a widely accepted tool in determination of high risk subjects for early atherosclerosis. Despite its simple appearance, ultrasonographic assessment of brachial artery changes, is technically challenging and has a significant learning curve. In the present study, ...
Ikeda Yasumasa - - 2006
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are autoimmune inflammatory diseases associated with juvenile atherosclerosis and thrombosis, respectively. A 44-year-old woman who had SLE with secondary APS had been treated with corticosteroid therapy, however, her inflammatory marker had never been within a normal range in her clinical course, and ...
Perren F - - 2006
The authors compared the transcranial color-coded duplex pattern of the middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) before and after IV and combined IV-intra-arterial (IV-IA) thrombolysis in consecutive first-ever stroke patients. Patients receiving combined IV-IA thrombolysis showed greater improvement in flow signal and higher incidence of complete MCA recanalization vs those receiving IV ...
Dudeck Oliver - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to prove feasibility of selective arterial infusion of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 13 patients with HCC who underwent modified transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Six patients received concurrent infusion of Ferucarbotran (Resovist, Schering, Berlin, Germany) in tumor-feeding ...
Tohnai Iwai - - 2006
There are three historically recognized methods of intra-arterial infusion for oral cancer: Conventional intra-arterial infusion via the superficial temporal artery: Superselective intra-arterial infusion via the femoral artery (Seldinger method), New superselective intra-arterial infusion via the superficial temporal artery. Here we report a recent instance of daily concurrent chemoradiotherapy using a ...
Lindsberg Perttu J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is an infrequent form of acute stroke, which invariably leads to death or long-term disability if not recanalized. A traditional recanalization approach based on historical controls and pathophysiological consideration is local intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) in eligible patients. This necessitates diagnostic evaluation and treatment ...
Rudolph James L - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: High intensity transient signals (HITS) have been reported to occur following perfusionist intervention during cardiac surgery. This study investigates the relationship of the syringe bore, injection rate, and HITS created. METHODS: Syringes (10 mL) with a male luer-lock connection (Large Bore) and Abboject 'jet syringes' with a 20 GA ...
Paddenberg Renate - - 2006
Acute alveolar hypoxia causes pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) which serves to match lung perfusion to ventilation. The underlying mechanisms are not fully resolved yet. The major vascular segment contributing to HPV, the intra-acinar artery, is mostly located in that part of the lung that cannot be selectively reached by the presently ...
Meguro Toshinari - - 2005
A 79-year-old man with a cardiac pacemaker for bradycardia fell down and presented with sudden onset of right hemiplegia and aphasia. Initial computed tomography (CT) showed no cerebral infarction but angiography revealed occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA). Local intra-arterial thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA; tisokinase, 1,600,000 ...
Yan J - - 2005
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) induces collateral artery development and substantially increases blood flow after induction of experimental acute hindlimb ischemia. However, the optimal technique of gene delivery for this or any other form of gene therapy in limb ischemia is still unknown. The purpose of this ...
Vatsgar Tor Thomas - - 2006
We report a case of anaphylaxis with pulseless electrical activity (PEA)(verified by ECG and a radial intra-arterial line) in a 30-year-old woman who received 3G Promiten (dextran-1) and a prophylactic intra-venous infusion of Macrodex (dextran) for postoperative thromboembolism during caesarean section for pre-eclampsia in the 24th week of gestation. Manual ...
van der Zee David C - - 2005
The intra-abdominal localization of extralobar pulmonary sequestration (EPS) is an uncommon entity, although there are an increasing number of publications in literature on EPS over recent years. There seems to be a predominance of left-sided suprarenal positioning of the sequester and so far resection has been undertaken by way of ...
Galland R B - - 2005
Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAs) occur in older men with significant comorbidity and limited life expectancy. This needs to be remembered when planning elective operation for asymptomatic aneurysms. In the absence of significant distortion PAs <3 cm in diameter can be managed by sequential ultrasound scanning. Their rate of thrombosis is ...
Nishimura Toshiro - - 2005
A 55-year-old man with cervical radiculopathy (C5-C8) was referred to us following intra-arterial infusion of cisplatin (CDDP) because of a recurrent neck mass of laryngeal cancer. Three hours after the CDDP infusion, he had noticed general weakness of the left upper extremity and hypoaesthesia of the lateral side of the ...
Sheen Maw-Chang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For preservation of integrity of appearance and function in a 66-year-old male with an extremely rare case of verrucous carcinoma developing from the subungium of his right thumb, intra-arterial infusion with methotrexate was used. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of arterial infusion with methotrexate in this unusual nail bed ...
Potthast S - - 2005
Multiple intra-arterial contrast agent injections are necessary during MR-guided endovascular interventions. In respect to the approved limits of maximum daily gadolinium dose, a low-dose injection protocol is mandatory. The objective of this study was to derive and apply a low-dose injection protocol for intra-arterial 3D contrast-enhanced MR aortography in patients. ...
Postma C T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) can stimulate endothelin production and/or release in vivo, in the human forearm vasculature. DESIGN: The effect of the infusion of AVP into the brachial artery on endothelin production across the human forearm vascular bed was studied in healthy male volunteers, and was compared ...
Jones M M - - 2005
Several thrombolytic agents for the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke have been examined; however, to date, only the i.v. administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is licensed in Australia. Although no trials directly comparing intra-arterial and i.v. delivery of thrombolytics exist, intra-arterial thrombolysis has several potential advantages, including angiographic assessment ...
Terada Yasuji - - 2005
We present a report of trans-arterial infusion chemotherapy through the intercostal arteries and subphrenic artery for pleural dissemination of recurrent thymoma after thymectomy. The disseminated tumor did not enlarge for more than a year after this treatment, and there were no side effects. Trans-arterial infusion chemotherapy appears to be a ...
Zaidat Osama O - - 2005
Although transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a well-established tool in delineating the cardiac and aortic sources of emboli in stroke patients, its reproducibility in detecting aortic atherosclerosis (AA) that may lead to stroke is not well documented. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the inter- and intra-observer agreement in ...
Konstadoulakis Manousos M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leakage from the pancreaticojujenostomy is the most serious complication of Whipple. Pancreatic fistula rate is higher in cases of fragile pancreas often seen in duodenal carcinomas and carcinomas of the ampulla of Vater. Octreotide administration has been used for the prevention of fistula formation through the subcutaneous ...
Hanada Yusei - - 2005
Fasudil hydrochloride (FH) has been developed as an antivasospasm agent. Its dynamics in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the vasodilating action of hydroxyfasudil (M3) have been obscure, although FH dilates spastic ateries from the inside of the vessel wall. The present study investigated concentrations of FH and M3 in serum and ...
Koga Y - - 2005
Based on the hypothesis that mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) are caused by impaired vasodilation in an intracerebral artery, the authors evaluated the effects of administering l-arginine, a nitric oxide precursor. Patients were administered L-arginine intravenously at the acute phase or orally at the interictal phase. ...
Liu James K - - 2005
Cerebral vasospasm secondary to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage that has become refractory to maximal medical management can be treated with selective intra-arterial papaverine infusions. Papaverine is a potent vasodilator of the proximal, intermediate, and distal cerebral arteries and can improve cerebral blood flow (CBF). When infused intra-arterially using endovascular microcatheter techniques, ...
Macleod M R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with ischaemic stroke due to occlusion of the basilar or vertebral arteries may develop a rapid deterioration in neurological status leading to coma and often to death. While intra-arterial thrombolysis may be used in this context, no randomised controlled data exist to support its safety or efficacy. METHODS: ...
Yoon Woong - - 2005
A 58-year-old woman presented with an acute embolic occlusion of the distal basilar artery. She underwent angioplasty and intra-arterial thrombolysis. Angiography performed after recanalization revealed a single perforating thalamic artery. A nonenhanced CT scan carried out immediately after the procedure revealed hyperdense lesions in the bilateral paramedian portions of the ...
Qureshi A I - - 2004
We compared the rates of recanalization cerebral infarct and hemorrhage between intra-arterial (i.a.) reteplase and intravenous (i.v.) alteplase thrombolysis in a canine model of basilar artery thrombosis. Thrombosis was induced by injecting a clot in the basilar artery of 13 anesthetized dogs via superselective catheterization. The animals were randomized in ...
Beretta F - - 2004
AIM: The aneurysms of the paraclinoid region are a heterogeneous group of lesions, whose terminology and classification are contradictory because of the complex anatomy and the lack of key anatomical references. A surgical anatomical study to identify an anatomical reference is presented, a new classification of these aneurysms is proposed, ...
Okada Yoshikazu - - 2004
Vasopressin (0.8-1.0 IU), diluted with saline (10 IU vasopressin per 100 ml saline), was selectively injected into the external carotid artery (ECA) to control massive hemorrhage caused by inaccessible serious craniofacial injuries in two patients. This method produced remarkable angiographic vasoconstriction at the involved ECA branches and resulted in immediate ...
Baroletti Steven A - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Because it is known that intravenous nesiritide is not compatible with unfractionated heparin, we sought to determine the effect that heparin coating on a pulmonary artery catheter may have on the efficacy of a nesiritide infusion. METHODS: The efficacy of a nesiritide infusion given through a heparin-coated pulmonary ...
Ota S - - 2004
Summary: This study evaluated: 1) the effect of recanalization on changing clinical outcome, 2) the relationship between dose of Urokinase (UK) and incidence of recanalization and intracranial haemorrhage, and 3) the efficacy and feasibility of balloon disruption (BD) in the treatment of acute cerebral embolism. Sixty-one patients with acute embolism ...
Giannini D - - 2004
The two main causes of peripheral arterial occlusion (PAO) are embolism and thrombosis. Surgical treatment of acute limb ischemia, because of related complications, has a 30-day mortality rate of 15% to 25%. Intra-arterial thrombolysis for lower extremity ischemia is a well-accepted and frequently used technique. It may offer definitive treatment ...
Nguyen Lan T - - 2004
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is highly corrosive substance often used in industrial processes. HF burns to the skin cause local tissue injury. Systemic hypocalcemia may ensue, with the potential to produce life-threatening arrhythmias. Medical treatment consists of local application of topical calcium gels, subcutaneous injection of calcium gluconate, and intravenous or ...
Antonios Vera S. - - 2004
As an increasing number and variety of prosthetic devices are used in cardiovascular medicine, novel infectious complications have been described. Infection of intra-arterial devices, including arterial closure devices, prosthetic carotid patches, coronary artery stents and endovascular stents, and stent-grafts, is now being reported. Prosthetic vascular graft infection is an older, ...
Ghosh Nina - - 2004
Intra-arterial Doppler sonography may complement arteriography by providing immediate physiological evidence of hemodynamic adequacy and by obviating unnecessary angioplastic dilation. We used a Doppler-tipped guidewire in 16 patients and obtained velocity measurements at the site of stenosis immediately before and after carotid artery stenting (CAS) in 10 patients. Intra-arterial Doppler ...
Song Joon K - - 2004
The management of thrombus formation during coil placement in an intracranial aneurysm is important in minimizing periprocedural morbidity and mortality. We report on seven cases in which the primary treatment for thrombus formation during such coil placement was intra-arterial abciximab infusion. Clinical and radiologic records of 100 consecutive patients who ...
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