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Ellis Harold - - 2010
To the anatomist, the antecubital fossa is the space through which the principal vascular and nervous trunks pass into the forearm. To the surgeon it is also the site of possible injury to the brachial artery in fractures around the elbow, with the risk of Volkmann's ischaemic contracture constantly in ...
Togami Katsuhiro - - 2009
We report here two patients with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (chronic DIC) secondary to aortic aneurysm, who were successfully treated with continuous subcutaneous infusion of heparin. The patients were 69- and 89-year-old males, who were admitted to our hospital because of thrombocytopenia and marked bleeding tendency. The underlying conditions were ...
De Carli Claudio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of high intra-abdominal testes (HIT) associated with the presence of the cremasteric artery (CA). The aim was to correlate the normal anatomy of the CA with the clinical finding in our patient and discuss its surgical implication. METHODS: Left primary laparoscopic testicular descent by the ...
Abdulhameed Abdulmajeed Ahmad - - 2010
Calibre persistent arteries (CPA) penetrate into submucosal tissue without division or reduction in calibre. Intraorally, these abnormalities have been predominantly reported in the lip. Here we report a case of CPA in the buccal vestibule. Misdiagnosis of this entity may result in profuse bleeding during surgical intervention.
Santhirapala R - - 2009
Intra-arterial injection of drugs intended for intravenous delivery is a frequent and potentially devastating consequence of placing an arterial line in a patient. A system is described here that prevents this complication from occurring and its use is advocated in intensive care and operating theatre settings.
Pancholy Samir B - - 2009
Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is an infrequent, asymptomatic, complication of transradial catheterization and probably 1 of the few. Intravenous heparin and patent hemostasis lower its incidence. A possible local effect of intra-arterially administered heparin during transradial procedures has not been evaluated. We studied 500 consecutive patients randomized to an intravenous ...
Richter H - - 2009
In magnetic drug targeting a chemotherapeutic agent is bound to coated magnetic nanoparticles, which are administered to the blood vessel system and subsequently focused by an external applied magnetic field. The optimization of intra-arterial magnetic drug targeting (MDT) requires detailed knowledge about the biodistribution of particles in the artery and ...
Kim S M - - 2009
Summary: During local intra-arterial thrombolysis (LIT), management of the secondary embolization of a fragmented or dislodged clot can be cumbersome. The fate could be dismal if without pursuit and lysis of the migrated clot. Recently, we successfully managed a patient with acute ischemia due to a large clot impinged in ...
Dawley Joshua D - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective in vivo experimental animal model. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of intra-arterial injection of the steroids commonly used for transforaminal epidurals on the central nervous system. And to determine if all of the steroids have the same effect. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Transforaminal epidural steroid injection is ...
Lee Wang-Soo - - 2009
Acute embolic occlusion of the common iliac artery is a rare medical emergency that is not only limb-threatening, but also potentially life-threatening. Several treatment options exist for acute limb ischemia, although no treatment is clearly best. We report a case of acute embolic occlusion of the left common iliac artery ...
Ahmed A S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent advances in flat panel detector angiographic equipment have provided the opportunity to obtain physiologic and anatomic information from angiographic examinations. To exploit this possibility, one must understand the factors that affect the bolus geometry of an intra-arterial injection of contrast medium. It was our purpose to ...
Saemi Arash M - - 2009
Standard therapy for frostbite has been unaltered for more than 20 years. Recently there have been reports of improved outcomes with the addition of a vasodilator to intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy. We report the case of severe frostbite of the hands successfully treated with transcatheter intra-arterial tPA after papaverine infusion in ...
Gaikwad S B - - 2009
Basilar artery thrombosis has high morbidity and mortality. Though intra-arterial thrombolytics have proven efficacy in the treatment of acute basilar artery occlusion, the elevation of procoagulant factors in the blood after intra-arterial thrombolysis could result in subsequent thrombus formation and clinical deterioration. Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors have been shown to reduce ...
Lin Ridwan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stroke attributable to internal carotid artery terminus occlusion carries a poor prognosis. Vessel recanalization is crucial to improve clinical outcome. Historically, pharmacological thrombolysis alone has low recanalization rates. We sought to determine whether adjunctive mechanical approaches achieve better vessel recanalization and functional outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Ro Ayako - - 2010
We report an autopsy case of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) of various phases occurring in both the intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) and intra-abdominal arteries. The patient was a 70-year-old male found dead in his house. The cause of death was massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage owing to a ruptured right gastroepiploic artery. ...
Mori Kentaro - - 2009
The vasodilatory effect of intra-cisternal infusion of magnesium sulfate solution was evaluated in 10 patients with symptomatic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) who underwent early clipping surgery. Cisternal drainage was installed in the prepontine and/or sylvian fissures. Carotid angiography was performed immediately after the onset of symptomatic vasospasm, then ...
Comerota Anthony J - - 2009
Catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy is a well-accepted treatment modality for acute arterial and graft occlusion, but intraoperative use of plasminogen activators as an adjunct to operative thrombectomy or thromboembolectomy is frequently overlooked by vascular surgeons. Evidence exists that intraoperative intraarterial infusion of lytic agents is safe and is accompanied by breakdown ...
Janmaat Mirjam - - 2009
We report the case of a 4-year-old male with vertebrobasilar artery thrombosis for which he was treated with local intra-arterial urokinase 60 hours after onset of symptoms. Initially the patient had dysarthria and dysphagia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a community hospital showed abnormalities in the pons, and vertebrobasilar ...
Gramenz Paul - - 2010
Accidental intra-arterial (IA) injection of a drug of abuse is a rare but potentially limb-threatening occurrence that causes rhabdomyolysis and limb ischemia through a number of mechanisms. Methadone tablets contain microcrystalline cellulose, which has been shown to cause gangrene in animal studies. We present a case of IA injection of ...
Smadja Didier - - 2009
Stroke caused by acute occlusion of basilar artery (AOBA) produces high risk of death. In eligible patients, thrombolysis significantly reduces mortality and disability rate. In most hospitals, thrombolysis is limited to intravenous (IV) route of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, without any therapeutic alternative in cases of treatment failure. We report ...
Takanami Taro - - 2009
Previous studies have suggested that the severity of facial paralysis after superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SSIAC) is usually mild. Here we present two cases of facial paralysis after SSIAC via the middle meningeal artery (MMA). In case 1, the patient completely recovered from his facial paralysis (to H-B grade I) in ...
Hagiwara H - - 2009
Fish of the species Seriola dumerili were infected experimentally with the pathogen Streptococcus dysgalactiae. Intradermal (ID) injection of S. dysgalactiae resulted in moderate mortality regardless of the dose of bacteria injected, whereas intraperitoneal (IP) injection caused greatest mortality in the group of fish receiving the highest dose of bacteria (10(9) ...
Leifert J A - - 2008
Accidental intra-arterial injection of drugs is a sporadic complication in i.v. drug addicts. A 22-year-old drug-abuser injected flunitrazepam tablets dissolved in tap water into her left femoral artery and presented with clinical signs of acute ischaemia of the left leg. Severe rhabdomyolysis developed within 5 hours after the injection. Selective ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2008
Experience with systemic or selective local administration of thrombolytic agents in pediatric ischemic stroke is limited to sporadic case reports, since patients of age less than 18 years were systematically excluded from randomised controlled trials. We report a case of childhood IS attributable to the terminal internal carotid artery occlusion ...
Mularczyk T - - 2008
AIM: Local intra-arterial thrombolysis is one of the methods of treatment of acute ischemia of extremities. Its aim is rapid restoration of arterial patency and the reperfusion of the ischemic extremity. It allows the identification of the cause of arterial occlusion. Identification and description of arterial wall lesions informs decisions ...
Wang Bing - - 2008
Clot-targeted microbubbles (TMB) were developed based on oligopeptide specific to the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor on active platelets. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the thrombolysis effect of this TMB in both intraarterial and intravenous application and compare the clot lysis efficiency of the TMB and untargeted microbubbles(UTMB) in presence ...
Kang Hyun-Seung - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Thromboembolism is one of the most common and serious complications associated with the endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms. We report our clinical experiences with intra-arterial tirofiban infusion during aneurysm embolization. METHODS: The clinical, radiological, and laboratory data of 24 patients harboring 25 aneurysms (25 procedures) who underwent intra-arterial tirofiban ...
Mirzatolooei Fardin - - 2008
We present an elbow disarticulation due to accidental intra-arterial injection of diazepam. Considering the risk of inadvertent and accidental intra-arterial injection of diazepam and its subsequent severe sequelae that are reported in the literature, we emphasize that intravenous diazepam should be administered with more hesitancy and care.
Ng P P - - 2008
Acute ischaemic stroke is among the leading causes of death and disability in developed societies. I.v. and intra-arterial thrombolysis, and mechanical thrombectomy carried out within the appropriate time window can result in superior clinical outcomes compared with traditional therapy consisting of anticoagulation and/or aspirin. In cases where thrombolysis and/or thrombectomy ...
Lee Kihak - - 2008
We developed an intra-arterial positron-probe (beta(+)-probe) system to measure the arterial time-activity concentration in humans for quantitative compartmental modeling of positron emission tomography studies. Performance was characterized in vitro, by using a uniform phantom to calculate dead time, linearity, and absolute detector sensitivity. In vitro evaluations in a uniform phantom ...
Chen Haitao - - 2008
Our overall research goal is to advance the safety and effectiveness of acute ischemic stroke therapy by improving the benefit/risk ratio of thrombolysis and hence, the long-term outcome of acute ischemic stroke victims. Our approach is the development of a novel tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) delivery system based on t-PA-loaded ...
Iida Etsushi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to elucidate the relationship between arterial perfusion in advanced maxillary sinus cancer which was opacified by superselective intra-arterial computed tomographic arteriography (IA-CTA) and the tumor response to intra-arterial chemotherapy. METHODS: Superselective IA-CTA was performed to identify the feeding arteries and their perfusion in ...
Park In-Serk - - 2008
An anaphylactoid reaction to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is an uncommon but fatal complication. A 39-year-old man was admitted within 1 hour of the onset of a right hemispheric stroke. He was not taking any specific medication, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. A systemic anaphylactoid reaction developed immediately after ...
Nakanishi Masanori - - 2008
The present study examines the significance of defining feeding arteries to arterial infusion chemotherapy for patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma. We retrospectively studied feeding arteries and findings from 32 patients treated by arterial infusion chemotherapy. We graded tumor staining by angiography and compared grade in the bronchial artery with ...
Yoon Y S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative embolisation is an effective method used to reduce intra-operative bleeding and operative difficulty in hypervascular brain tumour surgery. However, embolisation of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and pial tumour feeding branches has certain limitations. METHODS: From March 2000 to November 2006, 8 patients underwent superselective embolisation for hypervascular ...
Geraghty M - - 2008
A 50-year-old man who had suffered several episodes of early morning sweats and tremors was diagnosed as having hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. Cross-sectional imaging and endoscopic ultrasound revealed no pancreatic lesion. A selective intra-arterial calcium infusion study showed a two-fold increase of insulin secretion after infusion of the splenic and superior mesenteric ...
Bershad Eric
Thrombolytic therapy has revolutionized acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treatment; however it is clear that intravenous (IV) thrombolytic therapy has certain limitations, including a short-time window for use, poor specificity for the site of arterial occlusion, and suboptimal recanalization rates. Some of these problems may be circumvented by using intra-arterial (IA) ...
Méndez Jose C - - 2008
Stroke in pregnancy and the puerperium is a rare but potentially devastating event. We present the case of a previously healthy woman who underwent a cesarean delivery and experienced a middle cerebral artery thrombosis in the immediate postpartum period that was subsequently lysed with intra-arterial urokinase. The patient made a ...
Vossen Josephina A - - 2008
AIM: The aim of our study was to compare the influence of partial hepatectomy, intra-arterial treatment with 3-BrPA and TACE on regional and distant metastases. In order to achieve our objective, we tested the feasibility of both resection, intra-arterial therapy with 3-BrPA and TACE of VX2 liver cancer in New ...
Tomycz Nestor D - - 2008
We report 2 patients with angiographically demonstrated basilar artery thrombosis who received emergent intra-arterial thrombolysis with successful recanalization of the basilar artery. In the ensuing weeks after the procedure, both patients were in a locked-in state and had sustained large bilateral regions of pontine ischemia on brain imaging. Following aggressive ...
Bhatt Archit - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Posterior circulation stroke attributable to basilar artery thrombosis is a rare entity and is difficult to diagnose in young children. Given the high rate of disability and mortality associated with the condition, endovascular revascularization may be a potential treatment strategy. CASE: We describe a 3-year-old girl who presented with ...
Jensen Joanne - - 2008
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was to determine the anesthetic efficacy of a repeated intraosseous injection given 30 minutes after a primary intraosseous injection. Using a crossover design, 55 subjects randomly received a primary X-tip intraosseous injection (Dentsply Inc, York, PA) of 1.4 mL of 2% lidocaine ...
Oran I - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite rigorous efforts, cerebral vasospasm remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who survive their initial subarachnoid hemorrhage. In cases of intracranial ruptured aneurysm associated with vasospasm, we evaluated the effectiveness of combined embolization of an aneurysm and intra-arterial infusion of nimodipine, which continued ...
Hallowell G D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to report normal ultrasonographic appearance and intra-cardiac dimensions in two dairy breeds and to calculate cardiac output (CO) using echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Intra-cardiac dimensions, time indices and CO estimation have not previously been reported in adult cattle. ANIMALS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Echocardiograms were obtained ...
Idicula Titto T - - 2007
A recent case of basilar artery occlusion (BAO) in a 62-year-old woman is presented, along with a review of the literature on the clinical aspects of the disorder and treatment options. Therapeutic modalities such as intravenous and intra-arterial thrombolysis may significantly improve outcomes for patients with this disease.
Uotani K - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CT and MR angiographies have been reported to visualize the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) noninvasively to prevent spinal cord ischemia in surgery of thoracic descending aortic aneurysms. The purpose of this work was to compare the usefulness of CT angiography (CTA) with intra-arterial contrast injection (IACTA) with ...
Ouattara Djibril - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the arterial vascularization of the appendix, in order to propose a classification of the different vascular types of the appendix for the realization of free transfer in reconstructive microsurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We achieved the removal as a monobloc of the ...
Kakeda S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development of flat panel detectors (FPDs) has made cone-beam CT feasible for practical use in a clinical setting. Our purpose was to assess the usefulness of cone-beam CT using the FPD in conjunction with conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for performing superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy for head ...
Grootenboers M J - - 2007
Selective pulmonary artery perfusion (SPAP) is a modality of regional chemotherapy first investigated in the 1950's. A number of studies in animal models documented pharmacokinetic superiority with high-dose local cytostatic drug concentrations when compared to intravenous administration. Blood flow occlusion of the pulmonary artery before or after drug injection results ...
Awad H - - 2007
This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of repeated intracavernosal injection (ICI) self-injection on the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and the diameter of cavernosal arteries. Sixty erectile dysfunction (ED) patients who were positive responders for ICI therapy were studied. Pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography (PPDU) was carried out before starting ICI ...
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