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Results 451 - 500 of 542
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Virag R - - 1984
The effect of intracavernous injection of papaverine (ICIP) has been investigated in 45 men: 6 normally potent volunteers, 10 psychogenic, and 29 organic impotent males. The first two groups obtained erections within 10 minutes, lasting from 1 to 4 hours, after injection of 80 mg of papaverine. Those belonging to ...
Carlson J A JA - - 1984
Intra-arterial chemotherapy is supported by the rationale that regional infusion more than systemic administration can produce higher regional concentrations of cytotoxic drugs, thereby enhancing tumor kill. The hypothesis that intra-arterial infusion of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II (DDP) enhances regional drug concentrations in tissue has not been studied. Therefore, 30 New Zealand white ...
Dusting G J - - 1984
The platelet release products thromboxane A2 (TxA2) and serotonin (5-HT) might contribute to coronary vasoconstriction in humans. We have examined the effects of a TxA2-like analogue (U46619), 5-HT, and epoprostenol (PGI2) on the left anterior descending coronary artery of the dog. Changes in diameter were measured by sonomicrometry during perfusion ...
Bremer A M - - 1984
We have used intra-arterial (i.a.) 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) either alone or as part of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with malignant brain tumors over a 3 year period (1979-1982). The i.a. BCNU technique was used 111 times to infuse 134 arteries in 37 patients. These patients, 28 cases with glial tumor and ...
Jackson D V DV - - 1984
Currently the chemotherapeutic agents available for intra-arterial infusion in metastatic liver cancer are limited to only a few. The recent demonstration of the feasibility of prolonged IV infusion of vincristine led to exploration of hepatic intra-arterial infusion of this agent. A continuous infusion of 0.4 mg total dose was administered ...
Kawagoe K - - 1983
Five cases of recurrent cervical carcinoma with sites of recurrence restricted to the pelvis were treated by intra-arterial infusion of oncostatics via the bilateral internal iliac arteries. One tip of the catheter was positioned in the internal iliac artery, proximal and close to the superior glutea artery, through the arteria ...
Levy J M - - 1983
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) is a rapid, potent vasodilator which, when infused into the arterial system in low doses by bolus injection, has no significant systemic effects and has a relatively long duration of action. Sixty-three hand angiograms were done on 55 patients, comparing PGE1 to tolazoline and to angiograms done ...
Mori K W - - 1983
Selective intra-arterial infusions of streptokinase (SK) were made in 50 arteries of 45 patients with a variety of acute thromboembolic conditions. The most common regimen was 5,000 units of SK/hour for 24 to 48 hours with a simultaneous heparin infusion of 250 to 500 units/hour. Significant lysis occurred in 80% ...
Surwit R S - - 1983
Twenty-four patients classified as having Raynaud's disease or Raynaud's phenomenon were given bilateral brachial artery injections of reserpine or saline in a double-blind fashion. In the six weeks following injection, there was no indication that reserpine produced clinical improvement or changed vasomotor reactivity in the treated patients. However, intra-arterial reserpine ...
Huys J - - 1983
Regional treatment of advanced head and neck cancer by intra-arterial infusion has been tried for several years. The aim of such treatment is to increase the concentration of the drug in the tumor area while decreasing systemic toxicity. The exact localization of the intra-arterial catheter is thereby the key to ...
Hallett J W JW - - 1983
This report describes successful management of recent peripheral arterial occlusions by intra-arterial low dosage thrombolytic drug infusions and percutaneous balloon angioplasty. An intra-arterial infusion of either streptokinase or urokinase at 1/20 of the usual systemic dose was delivered through an angiographic catheter into the region of the thrombus. Clot lysis ...
Kokron O - - 1983
On a total of 47 patients with pulmonary tumours (45 carcinomas and two pulmonary sarcomas) intra-arterial infusion therapy was performed via the bronchial artery (34 cases), the pulmonary artery (11 cases), the internal thoracic artery (1 case) and the intercostal artery (1 case). Cytostatic drugs were given to 43 patients ...
von Scheel J - - 1983
Immediately after radical neck dissection the external carotid artery is lengthened by an autogenic saphenous vein graft and sutured more proximally to the common carotid artery. All branches of the external carotid artery not contributing to the blood supply in the tumor region are ligated. After the wound has healed, ...
Demeter S L - - 1983
Fibrinolytic agents have been advocated for the treatment of massive pulmonary emboli. The usual mode of infusion is via a peripheral vein. Theoretically, infusion into the pulmonary artery would be expected to be more efficacious. A case representing the failure of intra-pulmonary artery infusion of fibrinolytic agents is presented. However, ...
Stephens F O - - 1983
Advanced or aggressive, but localised, malignancies can often be reduced to more curable proportions by the use of "basal chemotherapy", that is, using chemotherapy as the first mode of treatment, prior to definitive radiotherapy and/or surgical excision. In using anticancer agents, drug combinations, timing and methods of administration are employed ...
Uyama T - - 1983
Twenty patients with bladder cancer were treated by semiselective intra-arterial chemotherapy with Adriamycin. Ten of them were given the agent while the femoral arteries were compressed, to prevent loss of the agent into the external iliac arteries. The other ten were given Adriamycin without this compression. Clinical and pathological responses ...
Baker S R - - 1982
A totally implantable infusion pump (infusaid) has been developed to achieve continuous drug delivery for long periods of time. The recent availability of a dual-catheter totally implantable infusion pump permits the infusion of both external carotid arteries simultaneously. This has obvious advantages for the treatment of extensive tumors of the ...
Shingleton B J - - 1982
The ocular side effects of carmustine (a nitrosurea) are not well established. Evidence of delayed bilateral ocular toxicity developed in two of 50 patients treated with high dose intravenous (IV) carmustine (800 mg/sq m) with autologous bone marrow rescue. Symptoms or signs of ocular toxicity became apparent four weeks following ...
Hurst L N - - 1982
Vascular spasm may complicate both traumatic injuries and disease processes. It may be severe enough that thrombosis and vascular compromise occur, causing tissue necrosis. Transient relief may be obtained by proximal sympathetic blocks, but these are not well tolerated by the patient and require repeated injections. This study shows that ...
Phillips T W - - 1982
A totally implantable system for the continuous and bolus delivery of intra-arterial chemotherapeutic agents to patients with malignant gliomas is described. The system utilizes an Infusaid pump (Infusaid Corp., Sharon, Massachusetts), which discharges the drug directly into the internal carotid artery and is percutaneously refillable. This system has been utilized ...
Gruss J D - - 1982
Prostaglandin E1 has a strong vasodilator effect, it inhibits the aggregation of platelets and improves the microcirculation. The hormone is synthesized from arachidonic acid and 80-90 per cent is eliminated in the first transit of the pulmonary circulation. From 1 January 1978 to 30 June 1981 100 patients suffering from ...
Chaise L S - - 1982
We report successful lysis of acute arterial calf thrombosis by intra-arterial streptokinase infusion seven hours after retroperitoneal dissection and repair of an ipsilateral common femoral artery laceration. No systemic effects or complications developed. Local intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy is more effective and safer than intravenous systemic therapy and may now be ...
Rudy D C - - 1982
Herein we describe a sixty-one-year-old man with unilateral segmental renal artery emboli treated with renal intra-arterial streptokinase infusion. The initial infusion rate was 9,000 units/hr. which was decreased to 5,000 units/hr. over the next six hours. Periodic arteriography demonstrated progressive lysis and virtual complete resolution after fifty-two hours of infusion. ...
Samuelsson L - - 1982
Intra-arterial electrolysis was performed in the renal arteries of 10 pigs with platinum electrodes. Direct current was used and with correct technique firmly adherent thromboses in the arteries could regularly be made. The method is somewhat time-consuming and with unsuitable electrodes, too much current or too high current strength, vessel ...
Gilmour R F RF - - 1981
It has been proposed that electrophysiological changes following coronary artery occlusion result from inhibition of the adenine nucleotide translocase and that these changes can be reduced by carnitine infusion or reproduced by infusion of K+-atractyloside. In the present study, we recorded bipolar electrograms during serial 3- to 5-min occlusions of ...
Sarna S - - 1981
The role of intrinsic nerves in the control of migrating myoelectric complexes (MMCs) was studied in seven conscious dogs, each implanted with a set of eight bipolar Trimel wire electrodes. Local areas, 3-5 cm long, were perfused close intra-arterially via an exteriorized heparinized Silastic cannula. Experiments consisted of giving bolus ...
Fiessinger J N - - 1981
Sixty nine patients were treated with local intra-arterial urokinase (37,500 U/CTA. hr-1) for recent severe ischemia of lower limbs: 27 (40%) ultimately required amputation. The difference of amputation rate between the groups with and without thrombolysis was not significant (33% v. 42%). A biological study in 6 patients showed that ...
Pollak E W - - 1981
Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was injected intra-arterially into the right femoral artery of five dogs, to promote arteriographic enhancement with minimal systemic effects. Injection of 3 microgram/Kg SNP or more, produced tachycardia, hypotension and increased pulsatile arterial blood flow. a 36% pulsatile arterial flow increase, which lasted 25 seconds or less, ...
Maki D G - - 1981
Contamination of the fluid within intra-arterial infusions used for hemodynamic monitoring has produced epidemic bacteremias, but little data exist on endemic rates of contamination and related septicemia. We prospectively studied 102 intra-arterial infusions used in 56 high-risk patients who required prolonged monitoring. During the study, administration sets were changed every ...
Plate S - - 1981
Three cases of unilateral permanent and severe visual impairment after rhinosurgery are reported. In two cases the pathogenesis appeared to be vascular disturbances in the ophthalmic arteries, possibly caused by intra-arterial injection of local anesthetics in combination with adrenaline. Retrograde flow into the ophthalmic arteries is anatomically possible and has ...
Hamer R - - 1981
A female drug abuser inadvertently injected an intravenous injection of an oral anorexiant, phentaramine (Preludin), into her own brachial artery. Severe hand pain, vasospasm, and ischemia occurred. Treatment with regional axillary block, intravenous dextran, intra-arterial priscoline, and salicylate anticoagulation may have influenced a favorable outcome. Intimal damage, vasospasm, and various ...
Hellekant C - - 1981
Angiography was performed in connection with intra-arterial chemotherapy in 110 patients with bronchogenic carcinoma. All tumors were supplied from at least one ipsilateral bronchial artery. A double systemic arterial supply was found in 12 patients, the additional blood supply coming from a second ipsilateral bronchial artery in 3 patients, from ...
Koman L A - - 1981
Based o the results of treatment of 28 patients with proved ulnar artery thrombosis, multiple therapeutic regimens, including intra-arterial medications, excision and ligation of the involved segment, environmental modification and biofeedback, sympathectomy, stellate blocks, and excision and vein grafting, and recognizing that no single treatment is suitable for everyone, a ...
Kato T - - 1981
Ethylcellulose microcapsules of mitomycin C were prepared for intra-arterial use in an attempt to enhance the antineoplastic effects of mechanical arterial embolization. The potential therapeutic effects of intra-arterial mitomycin C microcapsules were considered to be a function of microembolization and prolonged drug action, that is chemoembolization. A total of 33 ...
Bergdahl L - - 1981
A five-year-old boy was operated upon for left-sided cryptorchidism. Failure of uro-genital union was found with the left testis and caput epididymidis intra-abdominally situated, and vas deferens and the rest of the epididymis in the lower part of the inguinal canal. The risk of development of malignancy in an intra-abdominal ...
Karakousis C P - - 1981
Regional chemotherapy with Adriamycin via the pulmonary artery produces significantly higher tissue levels in the infused canine lobe than systemic administration. Seven patients with soft tissue sarcomas who had received the maximum dose of Adriamycin and had shown metastatic tumor recurrence to the lungs, received small doses of 10 to ...
Winding O - - 1981
Dextran microspheres (Sephadex G25 fine) from 25 to 105 micrometer, labelled with fluorochrome (Lissamine Rhodamine B), in concentrations of 1 and 2 million particles suspended in 2 ml Ficoll 70, were injected into the right common carotid artery of 10 white female rabbits (Danish domestic variety) which were sacrificed at ...
Begg E J - - 1980
Peripheral ischaemia related to the inadvertent intra-arterial injection of crushed tablets in suspension, was seen in five drug addicts. Characteristic clinical, features were observed including pain, discolouration, oedema, immediate and delayed sensory and motor deficits, and pregangrenous and gangrenous changes distal to the site of injection. Definitive treatment remains to ...
Fiessinger J N - - 1980
Selective intra-arterial urokinase (UK) is effective in treating recent arterial thromboembolism. However, usually only partials lysis is achieved and this treatment seems less effective than intravenous streptokinase. At a dose of 37,500 UCTA/hour it does not produce systemic fibrinolysis. This protocol substantially reduces the risk of systemic bleeding and embolism ...
Albanese V - - 1980
A case of a giant intracavernous carotid aneurysm, surgically treated by combined procedure of trapping and extra- intra-cranial arterial bypass, is reported. The authors reviewed the literature concerning the risks of immediate, early and late ischaemic complications related to carotid surgical occlusion. In agreement with other authors, the usefulness of ...
Mazumder J K - - 1980
A case is recorded in which intra-arterial injection of thiopentone 2.5 per cent was made into an aberrant branch of the radial artery at the lateral aspect of the wrist. Although the intra-arterial injection of thiopentone is a fairly uncommon accident, especially on the dorsum of the hand, nevertheless, precautions ...
Kato T - - 1980
Mitomycin C (MMC) was microencapsulated with ethylcellulose. The microcapsules contained, on average, 80% of biologically active MMC and had a sustained-release property. The mean particle size was 224 micrometers so that the microcapsules were readily infused into a canine kidney through arterial catheterization. Ex vivo infusion demonstrated that the microcapsules ...
Szabó G - - 1980
The control of intra-arterial chemotherapy by selective conventional and xero-angiographic exploration of the external carotid artery is reported. With the aid of a catheter inserted into the superior thyroid, facial or super-facial temporal artery, all the main branches of the external carotid artery can be depicted. Xeroangiography in the area ...
Wacksman J - - 1980
The use of the operating room microscope to accomplish microscopic anastomosis is gaining wider application. The technique to accomplish autotransplantation of the intra-abdominal testes involves division of the spermatic artery and vein with reanastomosis to the inferior epigastric vessels under the operating room microscope. The over-all success rate cannot be ...
Mallory A - - 1980
In a prospective randomized study, 38 patients with massive upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage, mostly due to esophageal varices or erosive gastritis, were treated with either standard medical therapy or standard therapy plus selective intra-arterial vasopressin infusion. Cessation of hemorrhage occurred more frequently in the vasopressin-treated group. The study design did ...
Hesse M - - 1980
The orifice of the rat carotid body artery is surrounded by intra-cranial cushions which form a boat-like structure. The cushions are covered by normally looking endothelium, ramified smooth muscle cells are seen in its stroma. The internal elastic lamella remifies where the cushions originate, and delicate elastic fibres extend into ...
Shatney C H - - 1980
This study was undertaken to determine if a portion of intravenously administered methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) might be metabolized by the lung during cardiogenic shock. With plastic microsphere coronary artery embolization, myocardial infarction and shock were produced in mongrel dogs. Animals were assigned to control, intra-arterial MPSS, and intravenous MPSS ...
Smith F - - 1979
Injection of a crude preparation of cholera enterotoxin into the superior mesenteric artery caused isotonic fluid secretion by the canine small bowel. In dogs previously exposed to cellular antigens of Vibrio cholerae, the time course of the intestinal response to intra-arterial injection of crude enterotoxin was similar to that observed ...
Alves M - - 1979
This report describes a case of massive gastric hemorrhage, initially controlled by selective arterial vasopressin infusion. Infusion was followed by extensive necrosis of the gastric wall which necessitated subtotal gastrectomy. Gastric necrosis following arterial infusion is rare and in this case appears to be due to migration of the infusion ...
Szabó G - - 1979
The benefits and complications of regional chemotherapy in the treatment of head and neck tumours are discussed. Intra-arterial chemotherapy has been employed in 72 cases of preoperative, postoperative and palliative management. Cytostatic treatment consisted of combined Vincristine, bleomycin, methotrexate, and mitolactol administration by a Watkins-USCI or Sharp chronofusor. In cases ...
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