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Results 451 - 500 of 1615
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Kawai Katsushi - - 2011
A retroesophageal right subclavian artery, arising from the arch of the aorta as the terminal branch and passing dorsal to the esophagus, was found in five (1.2%) of 428 bodies donated for student dissection at Kumamoto University between 1993 and 2008. The presence of a retroesophageal right subclavian artery has ...
Choi Chan-Young - - 2011
A parieto-occipital artery arising from internal carotid artery (ICA) directly was identified in a 46-year old man. The left ICA angiograms showed that a parieto-occipital artery was arising from ICA located between posterior communicating artery (PcomA) and anterior choroidal artery (AchoA). And also, incomplete posterior cerebral artery (PCA) which had ...
Rabellino Martin - - 2011
Abstract We describe a case of a patient with a thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm, affecting the origin of the celiac trunk, with the particularity of the normal aortic diameter in the segment between superior mesenteric artery and both renal arteries. Endovascular treatment was performed with no fenestrated or branch endoprosthesis. The ...
Yip Cindy Ying Yin - - 2011
In calcific aortic valve disease, fibrotic and calcific lesions form focally in the fibrosa layer of the valve leaflets. Layer-specific pathosusceptibility suggests that the fibrosa microenvironment is permissive to pathological development. The cellular microenvironment in the aortic valve is defined by a variety of biomechanical-, biochemical-, and extracellular-mediated factors, some ...
Nomura Anan - - 2011
A 67-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for surgical treatment of the aortic and mitral valvular disease. She had chronic renal failure and dialysis was started 13 years previously. A diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis and regurgitation with severe mitral stenosis was made, and she underwent aortic valve and ...
Tungaria Arun - - 2011
A rare case of a giant, thrombosed, sellar-suprasellar paraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm with persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) causing hypopituitarism that manifested as hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, and hypocortisolism is reported. There were no visual/neurological deficits, diabetes insipidus, or episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The alteration in the flow dynamics of ...
Wen Dan - - 2011
Aortic dissection (AD) is a severe cardiovascular disease with high mortality and morbidity, which is characterized by acute onset and rapid progress. Mechanically, it has been considered that circulating blood flows into the media of the aorta through the rupture of the intima forming true and false lumens. Generally, its ...
Bell Randy S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: If a self-expanding stent has been placed during endovascular treatment of an aneurysm and subsequently open aneurysm surgery becomes necessary in the same or an adjacent area, is it possible and safe to obtain proximal control by placing a temporary clip on the artery at a point where it ...
Luo Bin - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemodynamic factors are thought to play an important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. However, the hemodynamic features in the residual neck of the partially embolized aneurysms and their influences on recanalization are rarely reported. In this study, we characterized the hemodynamics of ...
Lata Adrian L AL Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2011
The incidence of neurocognitive deficits after coronary bypass surgery remains problematic, with atheroembolism being one of the major causes. External manipulation of aorta and the "sandblasting" effect of the high-velocity perfusion jet can cause dislodgement of atheromatous debris. A new arterial cannula features a tip configuration that diffuses the flow ...
Farooq Vasim - - 2011
AIMS:: Prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is one of the main predictors of failure of transradial PCI. Frequently this is due to difficulty in graft cannulation and/or poor backup support. In addition to Proxis's™ embolic protection role, the Proxis™, Heartrail™ and GuideLiner™ guide catheter extension devices have all ...
Eid N - - 2011
Anomalous branching pattern of the left external carotid artery (ECA) was detected in an old man. The ECA branched into high submental artery and large transverse facial artery ending as angular artery compensating for concurrent agenesis of ipsilateral facial artery. The lingual artery gave direct branch to the submandibular gland, ...
Goldman Steven S Cardiology Section (1-111C), Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, 3601 S Sixth Ave, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA. - - 2011
Arterial grafts are thought to be better conduits than saphenous vein grafts for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) based on experience with using the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery. The efficacy of the radial artery graft is less clear. To compare 1-year angiographic ...
Bageacu S - - 2011
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association between incidentally discovered mesenteric artery stenosis, renal artery stenosis (RAS) and coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterisation. Abdominal aortograms in lateral and antero-posterior view were ...
Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2011
Objective: Physiological reaction to competitive flow is considered as the primary mechanism of arterial graft occlusion. Reopening of graft lumen had been also reported, but details remain unknown. We sought to delineate the effect of management of the moderately stenotic targets on the occurrence of competitive flow and clinical results. ...
Aoki Junya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether combined transcranial Doppler (TCD) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can diagnose significant stenosis (s-stenosis) of the siphon portion of the internal carotid artery (S-ICA) on digital subtraction angiography (DSA). METHODS: TCD criteria cut-off peak systolic blood-flow velocity of 75 cm/s or mean blood-flow velocity of 50 ...
Feuchtner Gudrun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of dual-source CT (DSCT) to quantify coronary stenosis compared to intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). METHODS: 21 patients (23 vessels) were examined with DSCT, IVUS and invasive coronary angiography. Coronary minimal luminal diameter (MLD) and area (MLA) were measured in cross-sectional multi-planar ...
Baikoussis Nikolaos G - - 2011
Vasa vasorum (VV) are microscopic vases that perfuse the vessel's wall; arteries and veins. Many recent researches support the opinion that VV have a significant role in aortic pathology. The VV, or 'the vessels of the vessels', form a network of microvessels that lie in the adventitia and penetrate the ...
Molloi Sabee S Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Medical Sciences B, B-140, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to develop a method to estimate the hyperemic blood flow in a coronary artery using the sum of the distal lumen volumes in a swine animal model. The limitations of visually assessing coronary artery disease are well known. These limitations are particularly important in ...
Minz Mukut - - 2011
Repair of vascular defects in the presence of infection remains a challenging task in immunocompromised patients. We report two patients with postrenal transplant Aspergillus mycotic aneurysms of the allograft renal artery involving the external iliac artery which were excised along with the allograft. The defect in the external iliac artery ...
Guimaraens Leopoldo - - 2011
Pial arteriovenous fistulas (pAVF) of the posterior fossa are rare and may present with symptoms secondary to mass effect, venous hypertension or hemorrhage, among others. A case is presented of a previously healthy 2-year-old boy with neurological deficit arising from pAVF of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery. The pAVF was successfully ...
Olog Adriana - - 2011
Umbilical artery aneurysm is a rare structural anomaly. We report a case of a large cord mass monitored closely with MCA PSV aiding the decision for delivery in an appropriately grown fetus.
Konala Bhaskar Chandra - - 2011
Functional diagnostic parameters such as Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR), which is calculated from pressure measurements across stenosed arteries, are often used to determine the functional severity of coronary artery stenosis. This study evaluated the effect of arterial wall-stenosis compliance, with limiting scenarios of stenosis severity, on the diagnostic parameters. The ...
Jou Liang-Der - - 2011
Flow impingement is regarded as a key factor for aneurysm formation and rupture. Wall shear stress (WSS) is often used to evaluate flow impingement even though WSS and impinging force are in two different directions; therefore, this raises an important question of whether using WSS for evaluation of flow impingement ...
Hayase Hitoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: There are significant differences in the postoperative morphological and hemodynamic conditions of the carotid arteries between carotid artery stenting (CAS) and endarterectomy (CEA). OBJECTIVE:: To compare the postoperative rheological conditions after CAS with those after CEA with patch angioplasty (Patch CEA) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based on patient-specific ...
Guo Huailian - - 2011
Objective:  To clarify the mechanisms of blood flow restoration after major artery occlusion, we presented first dynamic changes in cortical vessel morphology observed through a cranial window in mice after unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion. Methods:  The density and diameter of capillaries as well as diameters of pial arteries ...
Visconti Gabriella - - 2011
Management of patient with concomitant severe coronary and carotid artery disease is challenging. The combined or staged surgical revascularization is burdened by an high risk of morbidity and mortality. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been recently introduced as an alternative revascularization approach. We describe a case of simultaneous hybrid revascularization ...
Gurvitch Ronen - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for failed surgical bioprostheses, or "valve-in-valve" implantation, is a therapeutic option for high-risk patients. While coronary occlusion during TAVI for native aortic stenosis has been described, in the setting of valve-in-valve implantation the bioprsthetic posts may be protective against this complication. We describe the first ...
Gurvitch Ronen - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for failed surgical bioprostheses, or "valve-in-valve" implantation, is a therapeutic option for high-risk patients. While coronary occlusion during TAVI for native aortic stenosis has been described, in the setting of valve-in-valve implantation the bioprosthetic posts may be protective against this complication. We describe the first ...
Gundert Timothy J - - 2011
Computational modeling is often used to quantify hemodynamic alterations induced by stenting, but frequently uses simplified device or vascular representations. Based on a series of Boolean operations, we developed an efficient and robust method for assessing the influence of current and next-generation stents on local hemodynamics and vascular biomechanics quantified ...
Lee Henry Christopher - - 2011
Aortic valve replacement following an earlier coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedure is fairly common. When this situation occurs, the type of valve dysfunction is usually stenosis (with or without regurgitation), and whether it was missed at the time of the earlier CABG or developed subsequently is usually unclear. We ...
Rifaie Osama - - 2011
Background: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) has emerged as the procedure of choice in most patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis. However, very few reports have looked at redo PMV in patients with mitral restenosis. Aim: In a retrospective study, we explored the immediate results of redo PMV compared to primary PMV. ...
Kitamura Soichiro - - 2011
The internal thoracic artery (ITA) has become the gold standard graft material for modern coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of its excellent long-term patency. The use of ITA grafts has also prolonged the postoperative survival of patients when applied to the left anterior descending artery or used bilaterally as ...
Moszura Tomasz - - 2011
Over the last decade or so, stent implantation to the arterial duct has achieved acceptance as an alternative to aortopulmonary shunt procedure. We present the case of a patient with tetralogy of Fallot with diminished pulmonary flow and complete proximal occlusion of a right-sided Blalock-Taussig shunt. Surgical repair was not ...
Banasik Mirosław - - 2011
A superficial variant route of the ulnar artery is a rare variation of the arterial system of the wrist. The route of the arteries in that region is extremely important for patients with end-stage renal disease due to the necessity to create an arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis. It is thought ...
Białkowski Jacek - - 2011
A large fistula from the left coronary artery to the right ventricle was successfully closed percutaneously in a 40 year-old patient using a patent ductus arteriosus occluder. The device was positioned and deployed via the venous system using a guidewire that had been advanced via the aorta, coronary artery and ...
Liliav Benjamin - - 2011
The greater saphenous vein (GSV) remains the most commonly harvested conduit for revascularization in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Published literature shows that minimally invasive vein harvesting techniques have a significantly lower incidence of wound infection rates than conventional open vein harvesting techniques have. We report a case of necrotizing ...
Kaneko Hironori - - 2011
In the past, coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been applied to revascularization for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. In recent years, due to the advent of drug-eluting stents (DES), restenosis rates have decreased in comparison to conventional bare-metal stents (BMS), and the range of applications of percutaneous ...
Matsumoto Tetsuya - - 2011
Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) catalyzes the biosynthesis of PGD(2), which acts as an anticoagulant, vasodilator, and inflammatory mediator. We examined the serum L-PGDS level, coronary macro- and microvasomotor functions, and their relationship in patients with chest pain and angiographically normal coronary arteries. The study included 96 patients who underwent ...
Makris Sotirios A - - 2011
Congenital solitary pelvic kidney is a rare condition, and its association with an abdominal aortic aneurysm is even more unusual. To the best of our knowledge, only two such cases have been reported in the literature to date. We report the case of a 59-year-old Caucasian man with a congenital ...
Tien Ya-Chih - - 2011
There have been few case reports which discuss a relationship between warfarin overdose and aortic pseudoaneurysm leakage. We report the case of a female receiving warfarin who presented with dsypnea. Her international normalized ratio was > 10. Chest radiograph revealed cardiomegaly, and chest computed tomography (CT) showed a bulging pouch-like ...
Moura Luís M - - 2011
Doppler echocardiography is the most frequent method for detecting and evaluating the severity of valvular aortic stenosis. The aim of this study was to assess the variability and reproducibility of echocardiographic parameters including aortic valve area (AVA), peak aortic jet velocity (V(max)), velocity ratio (V(LVOT)/V(max)), peak gradient (G(max)) and mean ...
Mizunari Takayuki - - 2011
Two patients presented with post-traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistulae (CCFs) that were successfully treated by high-flow bypass using a radial artery graft after initial unsuccessful attempts at obliteration by intravascular embolization. Case 1 was a 20-year-old man with a CCF detected by magnetic resonance imaging and angiography following an accident. Although ...
Oda Takeshi - - 2011
Aortocaval fistula is a rare but life-threatening complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. We present a case of an aortocaval fistula with acute right heart failure. The condition was accurately diagnosed before operation by physical examination, echo, and especially by computed tomography (CT), thereby enabling proper planning of the operative ...
Jeong Hyun J HJ Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, - - 2011
To determine whether pulmonary arterial and venous transit times measured by time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can be used as a diagnostic tool for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Twelve patients with confirmed PAH and 10 healthy volunteers were scanned with Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. Time-resolved MRA and 2D phase ...
Perier Patrick - - 2011
A symptomatic young woman with newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome with elevated anticardiolipin antibodies presented with small nodules on both leaflets of the mitral valve and with a consecutive high-grade mitral regurgitation, as diagnosed by echocardiography. In consideration of the preoperative and intraoperative findings, and the ...
Saeed Fahad - - 2011
Little has been written about acute blood loss from hemodialysis vascular access. We describe a 57-year-old Caucasian male with an approximately 7 gm/dL drop in hemoglobin due to bleeding from a ruptured aneurysm in his right brachiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF). There was no evidence of fistula infection. The patient was successfully ...
Kute V B - - 2011
We report a case of end stage renal disease patient who displayed a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) after placement of hemodialysis (HD) catheter through left internal jugular vein, as revealed by routine post-procedure X-ray chest. The diagnosis of PLSVC was confirmed by arterial blood gas, two-dimensional echocardiography, computed ...
Magos A - - 2011
We studied the effect of novel ovarian artery clamps on intraoperative bleeding in 46 women undergoing open myomectomy for large fibroids. The clamps were applied medial to the ovaries to occlude uterine blood flow from the ovarian arteries without compressing the fallopian tubes, and were used in conjunction with a ...
Hadi H M - - 2011
The presence of thrombus is independently associated with adverse outcomes during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), particularly in those cases involving a large thrombus burden such as in saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) or during primary PCI. Mechanical thrombectomy devices are used to reduce the thrombus burden in such high-risk procedures to ...
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