Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1611
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Rabellino Martin - - 2011
Abstract We describe a case of a patient with a thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm, affecting the origin of the celiac trunk, with the particularity of the normal aortic diameter in the segment between superior mesenteric artery and both renal arteries. Endovascular treatment was performed with no fenestrated or branch endoprosthesis. The ...
Nomura Anan - - 2011
A 67-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for surgical treatment of the aortic and mitral valvular disease. She had chronic renal failure and dialysis was started 13 years previously. A diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis and regurgitation with severe mitral stenosis was made, and she underwent aortic valve and ...
Tungaria Arun - - 2011
A rare case of a giant, thrombosed, sellar-suprasellar paraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm with persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) causing hypopituitarism that manifested as hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, and hypocortisolism is reported. There were no visual/neurological deficits, diabetes insipidus, or episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The alteration in the flow dynamics of ...
Wen Dan - - 2011
Aortic dissection (AD) is a severe cardiovascular disease with high mortality and morbidity, which is characterized by acute onset and rapid progress. Mechanically, it has been considered that circulating blood flows into the media of the aorta through the rupture of the intima forming true and false lumens. Generally, its ...
Lata Adrian L - - 2011
The incidence of neurocognitive deficits after coronary bypass surgery remains problematic, with atheroembolism being one of the major causes. External manipulation of aorta and the "sandblasting" effect of the high-velocity perfusion jet can cause dislodgement of atheromatous debris. A new arterial cannula features a tip configuration that diffuses the flow ...
Farooq Vasim - - 2011
AIMS:: Prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is one of the main predictors of failure of transradial PCI. Frequently this is due to difficulty in graft cannulation and/or poor backup support. In addition to Proxis's™ embolic protection role, the Proxis™, Heartrail™ and GuideLiner™ guide catheter extension devices have all ...
Luo Bin - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemodynamic factors are thought to play an important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. However, the hemodynamic features in the residual neck of the partially embolized aneurysms and their influences on recanalization are rarely reported. In this study, we characterized the hemodynamics of ...
Bell Randy S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: If a self-expanding stent has been placed during endovascular treatment of an aneurysm and subsequently open aneurysm surgery becomes necessary in the same or an adjacent area, is it possible and safe to obtain proximal control by placing a temporary clip on the artery at a point where it ...
Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2011
Objective: Physiological reaction to competitive flow is considered as the primary mechanism of arterial graft occlusion. Reopening of graft lumen had been also reported, but details remain unknown. We sought to delineate the effect of management of the moderately stenotic targets on the occurrence of competitive flow and clinical results. ...
Eid N - - 2011
Anomalous branching pattern of the left external carotid artery (ECA) was detected in an old man. The ECA branched into high submental artery and large transverse facial artery ending as angular artery compensating for concurrent agenesis of ipsilateral facial artery. The lingual artery gave direct branch to the submandibular gland, ...
Bageacu S - - 2011
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association between incidentally discovered mesenteric artery stenosis, renal artery stenosis (RAS) and coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterisation. Abdominal aortograms in lateral and antero-posterior view were ...
Goldman Steven - - 2011
Arterial grafts are thought to be better conduits than saphenous vein grafts for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) based on experience with using the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery. The efficacy of the radial artery graft is less clear. To compare 1-year angiographic ...
Aoki Junya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether combined transcranial Doppler (TCD) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can diagnose significant stenosis (s-stenosis) of the siphon portion of the internal carotid artery (S-ICA) on digital subtraction angiography (DSA). METHODS: TCD criteria cut-off peak systolic blood-flow velocity of 75 cm/s or mean blood-flow velocity of 50 ...
Baikoussis Nikolaos G - - 2011
Vasa vasorum (VV) are microscopic vases that perfuse the vessel's wall; arteries and veins. Many recent researches support the opinion that VV have a significant role in aortic pathology. The VV, or 'the vessels of the vessels', form a network of microvessels that lie in the adventitia and penetrate the ...
Feuchtner Gudrun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of dual-source CT (DSCT) to quantify coronary stenosis compared to intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). METHODS: 21 patients (23 vessels) were examined with DSCT, IVUS and invasive coronary angiography. Coronary minimal luminal diameter (MLD) and area (MLA) were measured in cross-sectional multi-planar ...
Minz Mukut - - 2011
Repair of vascular defects in the presence of infection remains a challenging task in immunocompromised patients. We report two patients with postrenal transplant Aspergillus mycotic aneurysms of the allograft renal artery involving the external iliac artery which were excised along with the allograft. The defect in the external iliac artery ...
Molloi Sabee - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to develop a method to estimate the hyperemic blood flow in a coronary artery using the sum of the distal lumen volumes in a swine animal model. The limitations of visually assessing coronary artery disease are well known. These limitations are particularly important in ...
Jou Liang-Der - - 2011
Flow impingement is regarded as a key factor for aneurysm formation and rupture. Wall shear stress (WSS) is often used to evaluate flow impingement even though WSS and impinging force are in two different directions; therefore, this raises an important question of whether using WSS for evaluation of flow impingement ...
Guimaraens Leopoldo - - 2011
Pial arteriovenous fistulas (pAVF) of the posterior fossa are rare and may present with symptoms secondary to mass effect, venous hypertension or hemorrhage, among others. A case is presented of a previously healthy 2-year-old boy with neurological deficit arising from pAVF of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery. The pAVF was successfully ...
Konala Bhaskar Chandra - - 2011
Functional diagnostic parameters such as Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR), which is calculated from pressure measurements across stenosed arteries, are often used to determine the functional severity of coronary artery stenosis. This study evaluated the effect of arterial wall-stenosis compliance, with limiting scenarios of stenosis severity, on the diagnostic parameters. The ...
Hayase Hitoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: There are significant differences in the postoperative morphological and hemodynamic conditions of the carotid arteries between carotid artery stenting (CAS) and endarterectomy (CEA). OBJECTIVE:: To compare the postoperative rheological conditions after CAS with those after CEA with patch angioplasty (Patch CEA) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based on patient-specific ...
Olog Adriana - - 2011
Umbilical artery aneurysm is a rare structural anomaly. We report a case of a large cord mass monitored closely with MCA PSV aiding the decision for delivery in an appropriately grown fetus.
Guo Huailian - - 2011
Objective:  To clarify the mechanisms of blood flow restoration after major artery occlusion, we presented first dynamic changes in cortical vessel morphology observed through a cranial window in mice after unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion. Methods:  The density and diameter of capillaries as well as diameters of pial arteries ...
Gurvitch Ronen - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for failed surgical bioprostheses, or "valve-in-valve" implantation, is a therapeutic option for high-risk patients. While coronary occlusion during TAVI for native aortic stenosis has been described, in the setting of valve-in-valve implantation the bioprsthetic posts may be protective against this complication. We describe the first ...
Visconti Gabriella - - 2011
Management of patient with concomitant severe coronary and carotid artery disease is challenging. The combined or staged surgical revascularization is burdened by an high risk of morbidity and mortality. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been recently introduced as an alternative revascularization approach. We describe a case of simultaneous hybrid revascularization ...
Gurvitch Ronen - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for failed surgical bioprostheses, or "valve-in-valve" implantation, is a therapeutic option for high-risk patients. While coronary occlusion during TAVI for native aortic stenosis has been described, in the setting of valve-in-valve implantation the bioprosthetic posts may be protective against this complication. We describe the first ...
Gundert Timothy J - - 2011
Computational modeling is often used to quantify hemodynamic alterations induced by stenting, but frequently uses simplified device or vascular representations. Based on a series of Boolean operations, we developed an efficient and robust method for assessing the influence of current and next-generation stents on local hemodynamics and vascular biomechanics quantified ...
Herold J - - 2011
Thrombin injection is frequently used to occlude iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms in larger vessels, but has never successfully been used in the radial artery location. Here we report the use of this treatment in a patient with radial artery pseudoaneurysm following coronary intervention. After Doppler sonographic visualization of the pseudoaneurysm cavity and ...
Mannacio Vito - - 2011
The preferential harvesting technique of the internal mammary artery has been periodically debated. This randomized study evaluated the flow outcome of the skeletonized versus pedicled left internal mammary artery. Two hundred patients undergoing surgery for left anterior descending coronary artery revascularization were enrolled and randomized to pedicled (n=100) or skeletonized ...
Karic Alen - - 2011
We present a case of 71 year old man operated in our clinic for ruptured abdominal aneurysm complicated with aorto-caval fistula, which was revealed during the surgery and successfully repaired by direct sutures within the aorta. This is the first record of the aorto-caval fistula that was so far noticed ...
Hadi H M - - 2011
The presence of thrombus is independently associated with adverse outcomes during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), particularly in those cases involving a large thrombus burden such as in saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) or during primary PCI. Mechanical thrombectomy devices are used to reduce the thrombus burden in such high-risk procedures to ...
Weininger Markus - - 2011
: Direct magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) planimetry of the maximal systolic aortic valve area does not consider temporal variations of the opening area during the ejection period. We evaluated an MRI-based methodology for the assessment of valvular dynamics in patients with severe aortic stenosis by measuring the systolic variability of ...
Gaillard Emmanuel - - 2011
The edge-to-edge repair (EtER) technique consists of anchoring the free edge of the diseased leaflet of the mitral valve to the corresponding edge of the opposing leaflet. When the middle sections of the leaflets are sutured, a 'double-orifice' (DO) mitral valve is artificially created. The main consequence of this technique ...
Aburahma Ali F - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine optimal velocities for detecting ≥50% and ≥80% restenosis prior to considering carotid intervention/carotid artery stenting (CAS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with patching in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Two hundred CEA patients with 195 pairs of imaging (duplex ultrasound versus computed tomography angiography ...
Serasli Eva - - 2011
Pulmonary artery aneurysm is an uncommon disorder with severe complications. The diagnosis is often difficult, since the clinical manifestations are non-specific and the treatment is controversial, as the natural history of the disease is not completely understood. We describe the cases of two patients with pulmonary artery aneurysms. The first ...
Werth S - - 2011
We present the case of a 45-year-old male patient with a large aneurysm of the inferior mesenteric artery complicated by mid aortic syndrome with occlusion of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery. The vascular pathology was detected by CT imaging after presentation and hospitalization with symptoms of acute cholecystitis. ...
Tien Ya-Chih - - 2011
There have been few case reports which discuss a relationship between warfarin overdose and aortic pseudoaneurysm leakage. We report the case of a female receiving warfarin who presented with dsypnea. Her international normalized ratio was > 10. Chest radiograph revealed cardiomegaly, and chest computed tomography (CT) showed a bulging pouch-like ...
Oda Takeshi - - 2011
Aortocaval fistula is a rare but life-threatening complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. We present a case of an aortocaval fistula with acute right heart failure. The condition was accurately diagnosed before operation by physical examination, echo, and especially by computed tomography (CT), thereby enabling proper planning of the operative ...
Lee Michael S - - 2011
Atherosclerotic lesions at the bifurcation of coronary arteries are associated with higher rates of restenosis following stenting, and can be technically challenging when performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Many techniques have arisen for PCI of these lesions, often incorporating the use of multiple balloons and the placement of two or ...
Miyazaki Masaya - - 2011
Conversion of multiple hepatic arteries into a single vascular supply is a very important technique for repeat hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy using an implanted port catheter system. Catheterization of a replaced left hepatic artery arising from a left gastric artery using a percutaneous catheter technique is sometimes difficult, despite the ...
Białkowski Jacek - - 2011
A large fistula from the left coronary artery to the right ventricle was successfully closed percutaneously in a 40 year-old patient using a patent ductus arteriosus occluder. The device was positioned and deployed via the venous system using a guidewire that had been advanced via the aorta, coronary artery and ...
Mechchat Alae - - 2011
Tuberculous false aneurysm of the aorta is rare and has an unpredictable complication of aneurysm rupture. We report a case of a 32-year old woman who was referred to the Department of Vascular Surgery, Avicenne Hospital for severe abdominal pain. Chest x-ray revealed miliary tuberculosis. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) ...
Kozak Marcelo F - - 2011
Congenital mitral valve malformations are rare, but are well known and described entities. Mitral valve malformations involve mitral valve apparatuses (leaflets and annulus) and subvalvar apparatuses (chordae and papillary muscle). Case reports of accessory mitral leaflets were already described, but were usually an appendix of the normal valve. We describe ...
Mizunari Takayuki - - 2011
Two patients presented with post-traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistulae (CCFs) that were successfully treated by high-flow bypass using a radial artery graft after initial unsuccessful attempts at obliteration by intravascular embolization. Case 1 was a 20-year-old man with a CCF detected by magnetic resonance imaging and angiography following an accident. Although ...
Moura Luís M - - 2011
Doppler echocardiography is the most frequent method for detecting and evaluating the severity of valvular aortic stenosis. The aim of this study was to assess the variability and reproducibility of echocardiographic parameters including aortic valve area (AVA), peak aortic jet velocity (V(max)), velocity ratio (V(LVOT)/V(max)), peak gradient (G(max)) and mean ...
Aydar Yuksel - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies are rarely encountered in general population. Gender may play a role in the types and incidence of coronary artery anomalies, although the effect of gender is not well established. In the present study, we therefore aimed to investigate the frequency and location of various types of coronary ...
Halim Sharif A - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies arising from the pulmonary artery are rare, result in reversed flow in the affected coronary artery, and are commonly associated with myocardial ischemia in infancy or childhood. Uncorrected survival to adult age is rare. We present a 77-year-old individual with anomalous right coronary artery from the pulmonary ...
Banasik Mirosław - - 2011
A superficial variant route of the ulnar artery is a rare variation of the arterial system of the wrist. The route of the arteries in that region is extremely important for patients with end-stage renal disease due to the necessity to create an arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis. It is thought ...
de Troia Alessandro - - 2011
Central venous catheterization is routinely required in a wide range of clinical situations such as hemodynamic monitoring, delivery of blood products and drugs, hemodialysis, total parental nutrition, and management of perioperative fluids. Pseudoaneurysms account for 4% of all innominate artery aneurysms. Clinical presentation may include airway and neurological compression, chest ...
Silva Daniel - - 2011
Transapical valve-in-valve aortic valve replacement has emerged as an attractive alternative for high-risk surgery in elderly patients with degenerated aortic bioprothesis. Despite recent encouraging results, further clinical investigation is required to avoid potential cases of prosthesis-aortic annulus mismatch. We report a surgical valve replacement in a high-risk patient with dysfunctional ...
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