Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1039
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Chung C-P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of transient global amnesia (TGA) is not clear. Attempting to support the hypothesis that retrograde venous hypertension causing cerebral venous ischemia plays a role in the pathogenesis of TGA, the authors used cranial three-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) to detect a possible intracranial retrograde venous flow ...
Caggiati A - - 2006
It is commonly believed that valves are absent in veins smaller than two millimetres in diameter. Consequently, current investigations on the pathophysiology of chronic venous disease (CVD) consider and evaluate only the valvular competence of large veins. The authors review literature from their own collections as well as from medical ...
van der Linden Joke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The success of a newly created arteriovenous fistula (AVF) depends on sufficient maturation of the forearm vein used. This maturation fails in up to 50%. We hypothesize that impairment of forearm venous distensibility, ie, the ability of veins to adjust to increased pressure, is related to AVF failure. METHODS: ...
Aydin K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this experimental study was to create a new focal venous infarction model in rats. METHOD: 20-male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this experiment. Unilateral frontal strip craniectomy was done in front of the coronal suture. Frontal veins were observed by using the operative microscope. In this ...
Takami Toshihiro - - 2006
The histological features of arterialized medullary vein (MV) in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) were studied in five consecutive patients who presented with progressive congestive myelopathy. Retrograde venous filling on preoperative angiography was recognized as being severe in 3 cases and moderate in 2 cases. Direct intradural interruption of the ...
Chittenden Thomas W - - 2006
Branching morphogenesis is a key process in the formation of vascular networks. To date, little is known regarding the molecular events regulating this process. We investigated the involvement of synectin in this process. In zebrafish embryos, synectin knockdown resulted in a hypoplastic dorsal aorta and hypobranched, stunted, and thin intersomitic ...
Yamaki T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To investigate patterns of venous insufficiency and changes in calf muscle deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb) levels after an acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: A total of 78 limbs with an acute DVT involving 156 anatomic segments were evaluated with duplex scanning and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) at 1, 3, 6 ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: For patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), arterial blood gas (BG) sampling for measurement of pH and bicarbonate has been considered an essential part of initial evaluation and monitoring of progress. There is growing evidence that venous values can be clinically acceptable alternatives to arterial measurements. This article summarizes the ...
Takahashi S S Department of Radiology, Akita University School of Medicine; - - 2006
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in 20 patients with carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF; 3 direct CCFs and 17 indirect CCFs) were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate venous drainage patterns that may cause intracerebral haemorrhage or venous congestion of the brain parenchyma. We evaluated the relationship between cortical ...
Pearce J M S - - 2006
The valveless craniospinal venous system consists of veins and plexuses that communicate freely and whose flow is bidirectional. It comprises (1) the intracranial-cortical veins, dural sinuses, cavernous sinuses and ophthalmic veins, and (2) the vertebral venous plexuses, which freely anastomose with the intracranial venous system. The vertebral venous plexuses anastamose ...
Lucas César de Paula Cde - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to correlate the presence of leptomeningeal venous drainage and dysplastic venous dilation with the risk of intracranial hemorrhage in DAVFs. METHODS: The subjects for this research were composed of 93 patients with DAVFs who were studied retrospectively with regard to therapeutic success and ...
Anderson Robert H - - 2006
In the past, our interpretations of cardiac development depended on analysis of serially sectioned embryos, supported by three-dimensional reconstructions. It was not possible, using these techniques, to trace the fate of the various embryonic building blocks. This has all changed with the advent of the new techniques in molecular biology. ...
Brown M D - - 2006
Inappropriate timing or duration of the atrioventricular (AV) interval with DDD pacing can lead to hemodynamic compromise. Intraoperative pulmonary venous Doppler interrogation by transesophageal echocardiography can be a valuable tool to assess subtle rhythm abnormalities that may go unnoticed by electrocardiogram and hemodynamic monitoring. We describe a dramatic example of ...
Tobinick Edward - - 2006
There is substantial anatomical and functional continuity between the veins, venous sinuses, and venous plexuses of the brain and the spine. The term "cerebrospinal venous system" (CSVS) is proposed to emphasize this continuity, which is further enhanced by the general lack of venous valves in this network. The first of ...
Cullen S S Service de Neuroradiologie, CHU de Bicêtre - Université Paris XI; Orsay, France - - - 2005
Adjacent to the arterial circle of Willis at the base of the brain, there is an anastomotic circle of veins linking the right and left halves of the cerebral deep venous system. This venous circle is formed by anterior and posterior transverse anastomotic channels (the anterior and posterior communicating veins), ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2005
We retrospectively evaluated the usefulness of both arterial and venous access with the pull-through technique in endovascular treatment of totally occluded Brescia-Cimino fistulas. We treated 26 patients (17 men, 9 women; age range 43-82 years, mean age 66 years) with occluded Brescia-Cimino fistulas. First, the occluded segment was traversed from ...
Chaer Rabih A - - 2005
Critical deep venous thrombosis and occlusion constitutes a small percentage of patients with venous disease. However, these patients exhibit severe symptomatology including pain and extensive edema that may progress to limb- or life-threatening complications such as phlegmasia cerulea dolens and superior vena cava syndrome. This paper reviews the different multimodal ...
Pavcnik Dusan - - 2005
At present, there are no widely accepted surgical or percutaneous treatment options for chronic venous insufficiency of the deep venous system. The small intestinal submucosa square stent bicuspid venous valve (BVV) has shown the most promising results of artificial venous valves developed to date. In experimental long-term studies in sheep ...
Auler Mark A - - 2005
We present a case of a reversible spinal venous hypertensive myelopathy that occurred following a traumatic mediastinal hematoma. The mediastinal hematoma caused compression of the brachiocephalic vein, resulting in elevation of the venous pressures that ultimately resulted in dilation of the epidural venous plexus and spinal cord edema. The secondary ...
DeLoughery Thomas G - - 2005
Venous thromboembolic disease is a very common complication in the ICU. This article reviews incidence, prevention, and therapy related to venous thromboembolism, including both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Special diagnostic and treatment considerations in the ICU setting are highlighted. The increased use of antithrombotic agents has led to ...
Kim Seung-Jung - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Stenosis of hemodialysis arteriovenous grafts is usually focal and caused by the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). External radiation of the graft is a potential strategy to prevent stenosis; however, the relative responsiveness of arterial and venous SMCs to radiation is unknown. METHODS: Human aortic and saphenous ...
Faenza A - - 2005
Large vessel involvement by skeletal and soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities does not change the modern limb sparing surgery for those neoplasms. An arterial and, if the vein is open, a venous bypass should always be offered to any patient young or old, with high or low grade sarcoma, ...
Brock C S - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess simplified methods for deriving input functions for estimating glucose metabolism using 18F-FDG-PET. Nine glioma patients underwent paired 18F-FDG-PET scans as part of a phase II study and the data used to estimate the metabolic rate of glucose (MRGlu) using a population-derived input ...
de Waard Marieke M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the form of foam sclerotherapy have extended the indications for sclerotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins. OBJECTIVES: (1) To see if perforator veins can be closed by using foam sclerotherapy; (2) to evaluate whether using foam sclerotherapy for treatment of incompetent perforator veins has an ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2005
To validate a previously derived venous pCO2 (pvCO2) cut-off for ruling out arterial hypercarbia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), matched arterial and venous blood gas samples were taken from a convenience sample of patients who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with COPD deemed by their treating ...
Schreiber S J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently a causal relation between internal jugular vein valve incompetence (IJVVI) and transient global amnesia (TGA) has been suggested. IJVVI is postulated to provoke a transient mesiotemporal ischaemia by venous congestion. This mechanism requires a patent venous pathway from the affected IJV through the transverse sinus, confluens, straight sinus ...
Bates Shannon M - - 2005
The limitations of traditional anticoagulants, heparin and warfarin, have prompted the development of new anticoagulant drugs for prevention and treatment of both venous and arterial thromboembolism. After a brief review of thrombogenesis and its regulation, this paper focuses on new anticoagulant agents in more advanced stages of clinical testing.
Li Hui - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish preliminarily the different diagnostic criteria for peripancreatic arterial and venous invasion in pancreatic carcinoma by comparing their multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) appearances with surgical exploration. METHODS: Among 101 patients with pancreatic carcinoma examined by MDCT, 54 candidates accepting surgery were preoperatively evaluated for vascular invasion based on ...
Diehl Stefanie - - 2005
Vascular malformations cause discomfort and pain in children and are often associated with skeletal hypertrophy. Their molecular basis is poorly understood. Ephrin ligands and Eph receptor tyrosine kinases are involved in embryonic vascular development. In mice, some ephrin/Eph family members show a complementary expression pattern in blood vessels, with ephrinB2 ...
Wong Amy P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the phenotypic and functional differences between venous and arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) and the role of decorin in modulating these differences. METHODS AND RESULTS: SMC were isolated from the jugular veins and carotid arteries of male white New Zealand rabbits. Venous SMC demonstrated increased proliferation (2-fold, ...
Urquhart Andrew C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish if venous and arterial parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels are similar during minimal access parathyroid surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Marshfield Clinic, a large multispecialty tertiary care referral center in central Wisconsin. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent minimally invasive parathyroid surgery over a 10-month period. RESULTS: Fifteen consecutive ...
Pahl Madeleine Valdes - - 2005
Ischemia and reperfusion in myocardial infarction and stroke are associated with upregulation of leukocyte adhesion molecules, which contributes to tissue injury by facilitating leukocyte adhesion and infiltration in the affected tissues. Surgical repair of the abdominal aortic aneurysm involves clamping and declamping of the aorta, which necessarily results in ischemia ...
Alperin N - - 2005
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by increased ICP without evidence for intracranial mass lesion. Although the pathogenesis remains unknown, some association was found with intracranial venous thrombosis. To our knowledge, the extracranial venous drainage was not systematically evaluated in these patients. This study compared extracranial cerebral venous outflow in ...
Solheim Ole - - 2005
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a disorder of unknown aetiology, characterized by sudden loss of anterograde memory, in the absence other neurological signs or symptoms, followed by complete recovery in less than 24h. Precipitating actions such as strenuous physical activity or valsalva-like manoeuvres are frequently reported. Since first described in ...
Sukop A - - 2005
The authors describe modified thumb replantation technique. With this technique it is possible to avoid extensive mobilization of the digital arteries as well as incisions, particularly at the distal thumb phalanx, and therefore reduce further damage of the amputated part. Prior to the osteosynthesis a venous graft is harvested from ...
Crabtree Vincent V Photonics Engineering and Health Technology Research Group, Loughborough University, UK (e-mail: - - 2005
Venox is a propriety Venous Oximetry system, capable of measuring peripheral venous oximetry. In this ongoing study, Venox is being compared against mixed central venous oximetry during human cardiac surgery, with Fibre optic reflectance spectrophotometry being used as the gold standard, placed in the pulmonary artery. A background review of ...
Koshima Isao I Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan. - - 2005
The authors describe, in the first report of this type of replantation surgery, a high success rate using delayed venous anastomosis in 16 consecutive distal phalangeal replantations under digital block. Among these replantations, seven fingers (43.8 percent) showed postoperative venous congestion and five fingers were reoperated on with delayed venous ...
de Saint Martin L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To search for a link between Chlamydia pneumoniae serological status and venous thromboembolic disease. METHODS: From March 1992 to October 1999, we conducted a cross-sectional hospital-based study of consecutive unselected outpatients referred to us for clinical suspicion of venous thromboembolism. We compared the Chlamydia pneumoniae serological status with respectively, ...
Bleeker Michiel W P - - 2005
Physical inactivity or deconditioning is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. In contrast to exercise, the vascular changes that occur as a result of deconditioning have not been characterized. We used 4 wk of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) to study arterial and venous adaptations to deconditioning. ...
Knudson M Margaret - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The trauma population is at increased risk of venous thromboembolic disease, a potentially preventable cause of mortality and morbidity. Although the association between trauma and venous thromboembolism has been recognized for more than a century, there is still great variability in the clinical practices with respect to ...
Lachiewicz P F - - 2004
The optimal characteristics of pneumatic compression for mechanical prophylaxis of thromboembolism after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are not known. Our study compared two methods of calf compression, with the hypothesis that the device which provided a larger increase in peak venous velocity would produce a lower rate of thromboembolism. We ...
Boekstegers Peter - - 2004
Retroinfusion of the coronary veins has gained attention for therapeutic approaches which target drugs, genes or cells to ischemic myocardium. Besides anatomy of the coronary venous system, the pressure flow relationship during retroinfusion and the efficacy of pressure-regulated selective retroinfusion for targeted delivery of drugs is reported. Moreover, we describe ...
Raju Seshadri - - 2004
New technology is transforming our approach to venous disease. Once considered taboo for fear of causing deep venous thrombosis, surgical or endovenous intervention in the deep venous system is now known to be safe. Newer techniques allow minimally invasive procedures, many carried out on an outpatient basis. Traditional conservative regimens ...
Palomino J C - - 2004
We are presenting the case of a 63 year-old man with a dural arteriovenous malformation of the transverse sigmoid sinus who developed focal deficits followed by less localized symptoms such a disorientation, lethargy and eventually comatose status. Initial cerebral angiography showed retrograde filling of the cortical and deep cerebral venous ...
Sanelli Pina C - - 2004
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Deconvolution-based software can be used to calculate quantitative maps of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT) from first-pass computed tomography perfusion (CTP) datasets. The application of this software requires the user to select multiple input variables. The purpose of this ...
Leyvi Galina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Activated coagulation times (ACTs) are widely used for monitoring anticoagulation during cardiac surgery. Significant variability of this test is well known. Variability in test results was studied, which may arise from the sample drawing site. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five patients scheduled for surgery requiring cardiopulmonary ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the extent of agreement between venous and arterial bicarbonate for a group of emergency department patients with respiratory or metabolic illness requiring blood gas analysis as part of their evaluation. METHODS: This prospective study of patients who were deemed by their treating doctor to ...
Kawai Kenichiro K Department of Plastic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. - - 2004
Arterial and venous anatomy and their relation to the anterolateral thigh flap were examined in 10 specimens of six fresh cadavers in which radiopaque materials were injected into both the arterial and venous systems. Territories and positions of individual perforating arteries were measured, and the venous drainage pathway of the ...
Kim Seung-Jung - - 2004
Arteriovenous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts used for hemodialysis often fail as the result of myointimal hyperplasia with vascular smooth-muscle-cell (SMC) proliferation. The stenotic lesions occur primarily at the graft-vein anastomosis and less frequently at the graft-artery anastomosis. To explore the potentials of pharmacologic agents in preventing hemodialysis-graft stenosis, we first examined ...
Ceulen Roeland - - 2004
Chronic venous leg ulceration, which tends to recur, is difficult to treat and therefore needs special diagnostic and therapeutic care. We recently treated a 45-year-old patient with an obstruction of the left external iliac vein, caused by deep venous thrombosis. We would like to propose that, although rare, the existence ...
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