Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1004
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Fonseca Ana G - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome are at increased risk for recurrent arterial and venous thrombosis and therefore benefit from long term warfarin therapy. The optimal duration of warfarin therapy after a first venous thromboembolic event is however a matter of some controversy and many questions remain unanswered. After reviewing and ...
Moritz Stefan - - 2008
To investigate the accuracy of jugular bulb venous monitoring in detecting cerebral ischemia, we performed ipsilateral jugular bulb venous monitoring in 48 patients undergoing carotid surgery under regional anesthesia. Cerebral ischemia was assumed when neurologic deterioration occurred. During carotid clamping, the maximal arterial-jugular venous oxygen content difference [AJDO2 (max)], the ...
Symvoulakis Emmanouil K - - 2008
Popliteal venous aneurysms are uncommon but potentially fatal vascular disorders. They can be symptomatic or asymptomatic, mimicking different conditions. Popliteal venous aneurysms are possible sources of embolism. A 68-year-old woman presented at a rural primary health care unit in Crete, Greece, reporting local symptoms of discomfort in the right popliteal ...
Neglén Peter - - 2008
Ilio-caval venous obstruction has an important role in the expression of symptomatic chronic venous disease regardless of aetiology. The presence of obstruction has been more or less previously ignored and emphasis placed on reflux alone. Stenting of the ilio-femoral veins guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can now be performed with ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2008
A venous anastomotic network is occasionally found at the base of the brain, which closely resembles the vicinal arterial circle of Willis. When present, this venous polygon is composed of the anterior cerebral and communicating veins, the basal vein of Rosenthal and the posterior communicating and lateral mesencephalic veins. We ...
Rawat Nanda S - - 2008
True venous aneurysms are rarely-observed causes of neck swelling reported in children. We describe a 59-year-old female with a history of left-sided neck swelling due to external jugular venous aneurysm diagnosed by MSCT angiography. Thrombosis in external jugular venous aneurysm as in this case is extremely rare. Incidental note was ...
Pengo V - - 2008
It has been reported that IgG to oxidized LDL/beta2-glycoprotein I (oxLDL/beta2GPI) complexes are associated with arterial thromboembolism (TE) in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). How these antibodies behave in arterial as compared to venous TE in APS is unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association ...
Shadinger Libby L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the most closely associated sonographic and clinical characteristics of ovarian torsion. METHODS: The medical records and sonographic studies of 39 patients with pathologically proven ovarian torsion diagnosed at our institution from July 1, 2000, through December 31, 2005, were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Lu Wei - - 2008
Observation of circulation in replanted severed fingers often relies on the clinical experience of the doctor. This article discusses nail fold capillary loops (NFCL) observation in the monitoring of the perfusion and circumfluence of replanted digits. In our study, 30 patients with a total of 39 replanted digits were selected. ...
Morelle Johann - - 2009
Venous thromboembolic disease is a well-documented complication of Klinefelter's syndrome, even if mechanisms underlying this prothrombotic state have not been conclusively established. On the contrary, arterial thrombosis is far less frequent, and a case of a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome presenting with simultaneous venous thrombtoembolic disease and a complete thrombosis ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
Secondary chronic venous disorders (CVD) usually follow an episode of acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Most occluded venous segments recanalize over the first 6 to 12 months after an episode of acute DVT, leading to chronic luminal changes and a combination of partial obstruction and reflux. Such morphological changes produce ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
Primary chronic venous disorders, which according to the CEAP classification are those not associated with an identifiable mechanism of venous dysfunction, are among the most common in Western populations. Varicose veins without skin changes are present in about 20% of the population while active ulcers may be present in as ...
Vignes Jean-Rodolphe - - 2007
OBJECT: The cerebral venous regulation involved in various physiological and pathological processes has received little attention. Here the authors describe the anatomy of the junction between the cortical vein and the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and propose a new theory of cerebral venous regulation. METHODS: Ten adult human cadaveric heads ...
Lazarides M K - - 2007
There is a need for quantitative investigations in the vascular laboratory to manage lower extremity ulcers. The majority of leg ulcers are of venous (45%-60%) or arterial origin (10%-20%). Despite the increasing complexity of new devices used in vascular surgical practice, the anklebrachial pressure index (ABPI) remains the cornerstone for ...
Tomita Tatsuo - - 2008
Histopathological localization of lymphatic vessels has been hindered because of a lack of suitable immunocytochemical markers for lymphatic vessels. Using lymphatic vessels endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1) immunocytochemical staining, hyperplastic polyps, tubular adenomas to villous adenomas, were investigated for lymphatic vessels compared with immunostained blood vessels using factor-8. Four cases each ...
Cenzato M - - 2007
A 45-year-old man presented with a history of dysaesthesiae, sensory impairment of the legs and sphincter disturbances. Selective angiography showed a mid-thoracic dural arterio-venous fistula with five shunt points. The venous plexuses were demonstrated by injections at T5 on the right side and T6 on the left, but the venous ...
Reis Cassius V C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The superficial venous system of the posterior neck (suboccipital venous plexus) is a potential source of complications from bleeding and air embolism. Because there is little information available about this in the literature, an anatomic study of the superficial posterior neck venous system and a morphometric analysis of the ...
Whiddon Lonnie L - - 2007
Venous hypertension from failure of proper venous valve function in the veins of thelower extremities causes changes over time in the microcirculation of the skin of the distal extremity. These changes set the stage for the development of a chronic nonhealing ulceration, which typically occurs at the ankle. The mainstay ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
The basilar venous plexus is the anteromedian venous channel of the posterior cranial fossa that has many conflicting and brief descriptions in the extant literature. To our knowledge, no single study has been performed that analyzed this venous structure in detail. The aim of the current study was to elucidate ...
Johnston Kelly D - - 2007
OBJECT: The purpose of this human cadaver study was to determine whether or not an intraosseous skull infusion would access the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) via intradural venous channels. The diploic space of the skull bone contains a sinusoidal vascular network that communicates with the underlying dura mater. Diploic veins ...
Lin Fu-Jung - - 2007
How arterial and venous fates are established is largely unknown. In the past, circulatory dynamics were thought to be the exclusive cause of arteries and veins being structurally and functionally distinct; however, growing evidence indicates that an orderly progression of molecular signals controls arterial-venous specification in the developing vertebrate vascular ...
Neglén Peter - - 2007
Iliac venous outflow obstruction has an important role in the expression of symptomatic chronic venous insufficiency. This anatomic obstruction is frequently overlooked, owing in part to diagnostic difficulty. The combination of venous obstruction and reflux leads to more severe clinical disease. Current diagnostic modalities do not allow an definitive assessment ...
Biuckians Andre - - 2007
Systemic anticoagulation with heparin or its unfractionated derivatives followed by warfarin therapy has been the mainstay of treatment in patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Although heparin is an effective treatment modality in preventing thrombus propagation, it provides minimal therapeutic effect in dissolving preexisting venous thrombus. The clinical ...
Elias Steve - - 2007
Recent advances in catheter-based endovenous interventions have broadened our understanding in the pathophysiology and therapeutic strategies of chronic venous insufficiency, a condition that can be caused by abnormality of various lower extremity venous structures, including superficial or deep vein reflux or incompetent perforating veins. This article reviews the history and ...
Tian Lijie - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report a new method of replanting completely amputated thumbs with venous arterialization. METHODS: In 6 replantation surgeries of completely amputated thumbs performed during the period 1999-2003, the proximal artery was anastomosed with a vein of the amputated part to establish inflow and the proximal vein was anastomosed with ...
Hosein Riad B M - - 2007
Thoracic venous aneurysms are extremely rare conditions. Only 14 innominate venous aneurysms have been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with a mediastinal mass on chest roentgenogram, which was performed because the patient was postoperatively tachypneic after a routine appendectomy. Further investigations ...
Malatesha G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between arterial and venous samples in a pathologically diverse patient population presenting at an emergency department (ED) with a view to obviating the need for arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis in initial ED evaluation. METHODS: Prospective study of 95 patients (69 males, 26 females, mean ...
Aleksic Ivan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Venous complications of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) systems may cause significant problems when the need for system revision or upgrades arises. Such revisions require venous access close to the site of the previous ICD implantation. The internal and external jugular vein have disadvantages due to a long subcutaneous course ...
Lau Jeshen H G - - 2007
Endocrine venous sampling plays a specific role in the diagnosis of endocrine disorders. In this article, we cover inferior petrosal sinus sampling, selective parathyroid venous sampling, hepatic venous sampling with arterial stimulation, adrenal venous sampling, and ovarian venous sampling. We review their indications and the scientific evidence justifying these indications ...
Seki Yukio - - 2007
A 33-year-old man presented with consciousness disturbance (Glasgow Coma Scale score 7) and right hemiplegia after suffering headache persisting for 10 days. Head computed tomography revealed an irregular intracerebral hematoma in the left temporoparietal region, associated with a tubular high density area compatible with a thrombosed transcerebral vein in the ...
Prandoni P - - 2007
After the initial demonstration provided 4 years ago by a case-control study in the New England Journal of Medicine, numerous investigations have addressed the association between venous and arterial thrombotic disorders. According to the results of recent studies, the two conditions are likely to share common risk factors, including age, ...
Thorisson Hjalti M - - 2007
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is an exceedingly common and underdiagnosed disorder with a wide range of symptoms and prognosis ranging from cosmetic issues to skin ulceration with tissue loss. Ultrasound plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis, classification, and guidance of percutaneous treatment of CVI. It is therefore of critical ...
Prakash, Shawn
Arterial base deficit is used in assessing trauma patient oxygen debt, life saving intervention requirements, resuscitation adequacy, and mortality risk. Venous blood samples are simpler and less painful to obtain than arterial samples. Theoretically, venous base deficit values might substitute for arterial values. Methods: 8 anesthetized, ventilated dogs were hemorrhaged ...
Bergan John - - 2007
Chronic venous disease (CVD) is common. Its manifestations include varicose veins; skin changes such as dermatitis, hyperpigmentation, and lipodermatosclerosis; and chronic leg ulcers. Recent advances in the understanding of its pathophysiology have shown how molecular mechanisms in the inflammatory cascade are involved in these diverse findings. Venous hypertension and associated ...
Sam R C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This group has previously reported that UK Asians are significantly less likely to undergo surgery for lower limb venous disease than age and sex matched Caucasians. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of lower limb chronic venous disease (CVD) in the UK Asian male ...
Christodoulou C - - 2007
The antiphospholipid (Hughes) syndrome (APS) is characterized by recurrent arterial or venous thromboembolism, or pregnancy loss, in association with antiphospholipid antibodies. These antibodies may be associated with premature or accelerated atherosclerosis and emerging evidence supports the concept of a vasculopathy in the APS that may lead to arterial stenotic lesions, ...
Slavin Richard E - - 2007
The authors review 20 cases of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) including 3 newly reported cases. SAM developed in areas of vascular distention in 2 of the latter cases: 1 in utero in the heart of a recipient of a twin transfusion syndrome and the other in the jejunum secondary to ...
Rathbun Suman W - - 2007
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) results from venous hypertension secondary to superficial or deep venous valvular reflux. Treatment modalities are aimed at reducing venous valvular reflux, thereby inhibiting the ensuing pathologic inflammatory process. Compression therapy using pumps, bandaging, and/or graded compression stockings is the mainstay of treatment for CVI. Compression therapy ...
Gatt Alex - - 2007
It has been recognized, since the first description of the disease, that arterial and venous thrombosis are common in patients with homocysteinuria. Interest in the condition increased with reports from a large number of mainly retrospective studies showing that mildly elevated homocysteine levels are also associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE), ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2007
In recent years substantial progress occurred in the techniques of cardiopulmonary bypass, but the factor potentially limiting the flexibility of cardiopulmonary bypass remains the drainage of the systemic venous return. In the daily clinical practice of cardiac surgery, the amount of systemic venous return on cardiopulmonary bypass is directly correlated ...
Jamal S - - 2007
Protein Losing Enteropathy (PLE) is a syndrome associated with several diseases affecting the gastrointestinal system. Recent comprehensive reviews can be found in eMedicine and Gastroenterology. Treatment by surgery, lympho-venous anastomosis, excision of lymphangiectatic small bowel and gastrectomy and transplantation of the small intestine, depending upon the cause, have all been ...
Peden Eric - - 2007
Chronic venous insufficiency continues to be a major source of disability and cost, with accompanying socio-economic burdens. Incompetent perforator veins play a significant role in chronic venous insufficiency. This article describes the technique of radiofrequency ablation of incompetent perforating veins for patients with chronic venous insufficiency. Patient evaluation, the evolution ...
Rennie M Y - - 2007
This study evaluates microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) as a method to obtain quantitative three-dimensional (3D) information on the arterial and venous vasculature of the mouse placenta. Surface renderings at embryonic days (E) 13.5, 15.5, and 18.5 (full term) revealed that the arterial and venous vasculature branched within the chorionic plate whereas ...
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2007
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a complex congenital anomaly featuring two or more of the following: (1) capillary malformations (port-wine stains), (2) soft tissue or bony hypertrophy (or both), and (3) varicose veins or venous malformations. With the purpose of determining the actual significance of venous impairment in patients with KTS, ...
Koshima Isao - - 2008
Reconstructive microsurgery is now in a new stage of supermicrosurgery. With this technique, very tiny (0.3mm) vascular anastomoses are possible. In this paper, we describe two cases of successful fingertip replantations employing arteriole (terminal branch of digital artery) anastomoses, the arteriole graft being obtained from the same fingertip defect, reverse ...
Bahadir Zeki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that venous emptying serves as a stimulus for vasodilation in the human forearm. This suggests the importance of recognizing the potential influence of venous volume on reactive hyperemic blood flow (RHBF) following occlusion. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of venous emptying ...
Sukop A - - 2007
The arterial system of fingers is anatomically well described, and so, usually no difficulties arise during its preparation and the making of anastomoses in replantation surgery. Difficulties may occur, however, during manipulation in the dorsal vascular bed of fingers, known only as a random venous network. There are minimal references ...
Sutaria R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The correlation between ovarian venous insufficiency and lower limb venous insufficiency remains poorly understood. Clinically, incompetent ovarian veins in association with lower extremity varicose veins are suspected when leg varicose veins are found in atypical distributions. Such distributions include upper lateral or posterior thigh, on the buttocks, crossing the ...
Zhang Honglei - - 2007
A curved urethane rf-welded leg wrap with multi-compartment inflation was developed for optimal thigh compression to suppress venous enhancement during peripheral magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). In 49 patients with suspected peripheral vascular disease, bilateral thigh leg wraps were inflated to 60 mm Hg just prior to mask imaging of 3D ...
Mills Tracey A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether delivery mode influences placental chorionic plate arterial and venous vascular reactivity. METHODS: Normal term placentas were obtained after vaginal delivery or cesarean section. Chorionic plate arterial and venous function was assessed by wire myography. RESULTS: Sodium nitroprusside-induced arterial relaxation increased post cesarean section at 20% oxygen. ...
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