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Results 401 - 450 of 510
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Yang Y M - - 1990
Pulmonary lipid accumulation associated with intralipid infusion has been observed in autopsies of premature babies and a few adults. We report a 6-year-old boy with radiographically identifiable bilateral pulmonary nodules while he had Staphylococcus epidermidis sepsis. At the time, the child was receiving intralipid as a part of total parenteral ...
Statham P F PF Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, - - 1990
In a study of 182 patients with a traumatic, 'spontaneous', or aneurysmal intracerebral haematoma (ICH) a significant correlation was found between the amount of focal brain oedema seen on computed tomogram (CT) and both the aetiology and the size of the haematoma. Traumatic haematomas were associated with twice the oedema ...
Oelz O - - 1989
In a laboratory at 4559 m six subjects with high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPO) characterised by clinical signs, severe hypoxaemia, widened alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient, pulmonary hypertension, and alveolar oedema on chest radiography were treated with nifedipine. Despite continued exercise at the same altitude this treatment, without supplementary oxygen, resulted in ...
Anderson W I - - 1989
An 11-yr-old female beaver (Castor canadensis) died after a 3 1/2 mo course of intermittent diarrhea, lethargy and anorexia. A postmortem examination revealed both a necrotizing ulcerative colitis and bilaterally enlarged thyroid glands. Histologically, the necrotizing colitis was similar to that caused by canine or feline parvovirus. Thyroid glands were ...
Lam K N - - 1989
A 27-year old man was admitted with a right-sided pneumothorax of 2-3 weeks duration. A chest tube was inserted and connected to an underwater seal drainage system without the application of external suction. Three hours later, the patient developed unilateral re-expansion pulmonary oedema and severe hypotension. Active management consisted of ...
Palmar A H - - 1989
A patient is described in whom renal arterial stenosis in a functionally solitary kidney led to arterial hypertension and high output cardiac failure. The pulmonary oedema was resistant to conventional drug therapy but showed prompt regression after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. This case report demonstrates the usefulness of cardiac output measurement ...
Risher W H - - 1989
Pulmonary dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria immitis, the dog heartworm, is a rarely reported pulmonary lesion. It appears as a solitary pulmonary nodule, and the diagnosis is not established until thoracotomy and subsequent histologic examination of the specimen are performed. Sporadic reports of pulmonary dirofilariasis in the United States total only ...
Wilmshurst P T - - 1989
The effect of cold and/or a raised partial pressure of oxygen was examined in eleven people with no demonstrable cardiac abnormality but who had pulmonary oedema when scuba diving or surface swimming, and in ten normal divers. These stimuli induced pathological vasoconstriction in the pulmonary oedema group, nine of whom ...
Kim T - - 1989
Recently, a new ECG lead has been introduced that can mimic a pulmonary nodule to the uninitiated. Alternatively, in those institutions where the lead is commonly seen, physicians may dismiss a real finding on the chest x-ray film as a lead "artifact." We describe the appearance of this new chest ...
Narita T - - 1989
Sublines of B16 melanoma with different pulmonary colonizing potential were examined for the relationship between cellular glycoproteins and the pulmonary colonizing potential using sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and lectin-binding assay in nitrocellulose sheets after Western blotting. There were glycoproteins corresponding to 33,000 and 32,000, whose carbohydrate components, N-acetylgalactosamine and ...
Ognibene F P - - 1988
Pulmonary KS may occur in up to 20 to 25 per cent of patients with cutaneous KS. The presenting symptoms of pulmonary KS are indistinguishable from those of opportunistic pathogens that cause pneumonia. It most frequently presents with the symptoms of cough or dyspnea; however, fever, hemoptysis, and stridor have ...
Dempsey R J - - 1988
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity, the first and generally rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine synthesis, is stimulated in permanent focal cerebral ischaemia in areas of incomplete ischaemia which are developing ischaemic brain oedema. As polyamines are ubiquitous ornithine-derived molecules which are obligatory in cold-induced vasogenic oedema, we studied the effect of transient ...
Fredberg U - - 1988
A case of acute neurogenic pulmonary oedema following a generalized tonic clonic seizure is presented. The condition is rare and the exact pathophysiology is unknown. Pulmonary oedema is a serious complication of epileptic seizures, however, and the importance of awareness of this condition and its treatment is emphasized by a ...
Herrera G A - - 1988
A prospective study of 24 pulmonary scar adenocarcinomas was conducted to evaluate a potential correlation between patients' survival, propensity to metastasize, and subtypes of pulmonary scar adenocarcinomas as determined by ultrastructural examination. Ultrastructural studies of pulmonary adenocarcinomas have shown three types of cells: mucus, Clara, and alveolar, with neoplasms exhibiting ...
Newell J D - - 1988
We evaluated the capabilities of a computed radiography system (CRS) and a standard radiography system (SRS) in the detection of simulated solitary pulmonary lung nodules of various sizes and contrast. A phantom simulated the pulmonary anatomy, and specially shaped plexiglass disks were externally mounted to simulate solitary pulmonary nodules of ...
Gans S J - - 1988
A patient with pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma (PHG) is presented. PHG is a rare disease with very specific histological characteristics. Roentgenograms display multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules which may be cavitated. Evidence exists that the nodules are the result of an exaggerated chronic immune response. The course of the disease is generally ...
Lee C H - - 1988
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is thought to be a rare disease. Clinically, it presents no characteristic symptoms, signs or chest x-ray film findings. Most of the reported cases of pulmonary cryptococcosis were not diagnosed either antemortem or before surgical intervention. A simple diagnostic method, Riu's stain, can be used routinely in bronchoscopic ...
Sanjay B - - 1988
A 10-year-old child presented with small-cell osteosarcoma of the proximal end of the tibia. Pulmonary metastases appeared after a gap of 9 months of ablative surgery, as did late multiple extra-pulmonary skeletal metastases, including the hand and foot bones after 6 months of pulmonary metastases. These late extrapulmonary metastases appear ...
Sa'adah M A - - 1987
A 39-year-old previously healthy patient with combined pulmonary and neural cryptococcosis was successfully managed by pulmonary resection and antifungal chemotherapy. The pulmonary mass was removed under cover of miconazole and 5-fluorocytosine even though the patient had concomitant active meningitis. He recovered dramatically after the surgical procedure and remained well 2 ...
Dombert M C - - 1987
Pulmonary oedema during angiographically proved massive pulmonary embolism without left ventricular failure is unusual. A few previous reports have used haemodynamic data obtained during the acute phase to rule out left ventricular failure. The following case, which we were able to observe for a period of 4 years has given ...
Manolis A S - - 1987
Atypical manifestations of pulmonary toxicity and previously unreported autonomic nervous system dysfunction complicating amiodarone therapy were observed in a patient being treated for sustained ventricular tachycardia. Pulmonary and hepatic nodules on computed tomographic scan masquerading as metastatic carcinoma were initially noted. Focal infiltrates and a large left pleural effusion mimicking ...
Maier H C - - 1987
A child had a pulmonary plasma cell granuloma/fibrous histiocytoma that recurred after lobectomy in 1952 and required pneumonectomy in 1953, at which time it extended into the mediastinum at the pulmonary hilus. A metastatic nodule was removed from within the diaphragmatic musculature. The long-term favorable outcome suggests a good prognosis ...
Maheux R - - 1987
A patient presenting a recurrent episode of pulmonary leiomyomatosis has been treated with the LH-RH agonist buserelin at a dosage of 200 micrograms tid SC for 7 days, then 500 micrograms SC daily for a total period of 6 months. Basal serum E2 was suppressed during treatment and varied between ...
Price S L - - 1987
We report a case of pulmonary oedema following airway obstruction in a patient who underwent biopsy of a tumour involving the anterior mediastinum and neck. The occurrence of airway obstruction in patients with anterior mediastinal masses, and the pathogenesis of pulmonary oedema occurring in association with airway obstruction, are discussed.
Klatzo I - - 1987
According to classification of brain oedema into the cytotoxic and vasogenic types, the latter is closely related to the changes in permeability of the BBB. In cerebral ischaemia, although both types of oedema are involved, the important role of vasogenic oedema, associated with BBB changes, is increasingly recognized. This particularly ...
Colby T V - - 1987
Among patients with pulmonary infections, those who are immunosuppressed and have pulmonary infiltrates continue to be the most numerous coming to biopsy and present the greatest diagnostic challenge to the surgical pathologist. These are the cases in which immunodiagnostic methods and DNA probes are immediately beneficial. Enthusiasm for application of ...
Michel R P - - 1986
Light microscopic morphometry was utilized to examine the distribution of fluid in the interstitium around arteries, veins and within bronchovascular bundles in hydrostatic oedema, comparing it with previous control and permeability oedema experiments. Pulmonary artery wedge pressure was raised with fluid overload and an aortic balloon in five anaesthetized dogs ...
Stewart R J - - 1986
A rabbit inhalation injury model using a dual tracer radioactive isotope technique (Rowland et al., 1986), has been utilized with small- and medium-sized molecular weight tracers. There is oedema formation at 2 h after smoke inhalation or fluid resuscitation and especially with the combination of inhalation injury and fluid resuscitation ...
Barbandi F - - 1986
Bilateral pulmonary infiltrates developed in a 77-year-old woman. These were associated with chills, fatigue, a high spiking temperature, leukocytosis, and eosinophilia. Clinical symptoms abated after 24 hours, and radiologic abnormalities cleared several days after discontinuing Nalfon, plus administering prednisone. The most likely cause of these pulmonary infiltrates was a hypersensitivity ...
Fraser R G - - 1986
The authors undertook a clinical study to determine the accuracy of dual-energy digital radiography in revealing nodule calcification because calcification in a pulmonary nodule almost excludes the possibility of malignancy. Over a 6-month period, 61 patients with pulmonary nodules (less than or equal to 3 cm) or masses (greater than ...
Ognibene F P - - 1986
Most investigators believe that the pulmonary endothelial damage that is characteristic of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requires the action of neutrophils. In a retrospective review of patients with ARDS, we looked for cases that had developed in patients who already had neutropenia. Four clinical criteria were required for ...
Wang X - - 1986
Thin (2 mm) and thick (10 mm) slice X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning was performed in 49 and 31 patients, respectively, to assess the morphology of solitary pulmonary nodules or masses and to determine the relationship between the tumor and surrounding vasculature. When the pulmonary vein passed singly into the ...
Muhm J R - - 1985
Plain-film tomography is a quick, accurate, and inexpensive procedure that is valuable for the evaluation of two common problems in chest radiology--the solitary pulmonary nodule and the hilus that is questionably abnormal. An accurate diagnosis can be made in most patients with a solitary pulmonary nodule so that appropriate management ...
Eble J N - - 1985
A neoplasm morphologically analogous to pulmonary blastoma, but arising in the pyriform fossa of the larynx, is described and illustrated. The patient, a 65-year-old white man, was treated with laryngectomy and is alive and free of disease 13 months later. Grossly polypoid on a broad stalk, the neoplasm consisted of ...
Jolles H - - 1985
Calcification of soft tissue frequently occurs in patients undergoing hemodialysis for chronic renal failure and involves the arteries, eyes, periarticular regions, lungs, heart, abdominal viscera, subcutaneous tissues, and skin. In this report, two such patients are described who presented with apparent pulmonary nodules on their chest roentgenograms obtained on admission. ...
Conway J G - - 1985
The microcirculation of nodules (0.5 to 10 mm in diameter) from diethylnitrosamine-treated rats was studied in perfused livers. Microlight guides were placed on nodules and surrounding tissue on the capsular surface of the liver to measure fluorescence due to fluorescein-dextran (12 microM), a dye confined to the vascular space, infused ...
Koh D R - - 1985
Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or high permeability pulmonary oedema (HPPE) is an uncommon presentation of a viral pneumonia and usually occurs in the setting of a fulminant or severe viral pneumonia. High permeability pulmonary oedema (HPPE) can be loosely defined as those forms of pulmonary oedema with normal cardiac ...
Val Bel A J - - 1985
Maceration with pectinase (4.5h) of Commelina benghalensis L. leaves stripped at either side yielded isolated vein networks consisting of four to five secondary veins and tertiary cross veins (=minor veins). Examination with Evans Blue and injection of Fluorescein F showed that 80% of the veins were viable. Proof of normal ...
Atwell R B - - 1985
Pulmonary arterial disease was produced by the placement of flexible polyvinyl chloride threads (similar in size, shape and flexibility to adult female Dirofilaria immitis) in the pulmonary arteries of dogs. Several different types of pathological change were apparent ranging from subendothelial oedema and endothelial loss, mild intimal proliferation and thrombus ...
Yokota M - - 1985
The authors report the case of a 35-year-old acromegalic woman who developed amenorrhea and decreased left vision, and who was found to have suprasellar and pulmonary hemangiopericytomas. Total removal of the suprasellar hemangiopericytoma resulted in normalization of the plasma human growth hormone (GH) level and a marked decrease in size ...
Garcia-Tsao G - - 1985
It has been suggested that the hydrogen ion and lactate concentrations may be superior to the polymorphonuclear cell count (PMN) in ascitic fluid, in the diagnosis of bacterial peritonitis (BP). In order to compare the diagnostic accuracy of ascitic fluid measurements of pH, lactate, glucose and the PMN in BP, ...
Ogundipe G A - - 1984
The incidence of aortic onchocerciasis due to Onchocerca armillata among slaughtered cattle in Ibadan, Nigeria, was about 2 per cent between 1979 and 1980. The average number of nodules per thoracic aorta was 7 and the mean size of each nodule was 9.7 +/- 2.6 mm. About 54 per cent ...
Ojeda V J - - 1984
An elderly woman had a cerebral gliosarcoma with a single pulmonary metastasis, together with a separate pulmonary adenoid-cystic carcinoma. Spontaneous extraneural metastases of primary intracranial neoplasms are exceedingly unusual; so far, only 8 proven cases are recorded in the English language medical literature. The association of cerebral gliosarcoma and a ...
Scrimgeour E M - - 1984
A wild Rattus rattus trapped in Rabaul, East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea, was noted to have chronic, cystic pulmonary cryptococcosis. R. rattus is common in settlements in Papua New Guinea whereas pigeons, which have been suspected as a possible source of human cryptococcosis, rarely nest in villages in ...
Amene P C - - 1984
Pulmonary radiological features of 27 patients with a diagnosis of hepatoma were reviewed and compared with 64 controls. Coin shadows, nodular, lymphangitic or hilar node metastases were observed in 50% of the hepatoma cases. Other radiological pulmonary findings in hepatoma included statistically significant elevation of the right hemidiaphragm, double contour ...
Schmidt E E - - 1983
Scanning electron microscopy of microcorrosion casts was used to visualize circulatory pathways of the intermediate circulation in nonsinusal spleen of cat. The marginal sinus (MS) around lymphatic nodules is a distinct vascular space which fills preferentially before the filling of the marginal zone (MZ) and surrounding red pulp occurs. The ...
Colby T V - - 1983
The histologic and clinical features of pulmonary histiocytosis X are discussed. The majority of patients are in the third and fourth decades of life. They present with nonspecific respiratory complaints and bilateral reticulonodular infiltrates that can be seen on chest radiographs. The histologic lesions of pulmonary histiocytosis X are scattered, ...
Dickinson J - - 1983
The clinical features and necropsy findings are described for seven trekkers in the Himalayas whose deaths were related to high altitude. The fatal outcome was due to serious pulmonary and cerebral disease. Oedema of the lungs and brain was prominent but so was thrombosis and haemorrhage, features of acute mountain ...
Chaise L S - - 1983
A solitary pulmonary nodule was shown by dynamic computed tomography to be vascular, to be enhanced during the pulmonary venous phase, and to be in continuity with the left inferior pulmonary vein. The diagnosis of pulmonary varix was confirmed by pulmonary angiography, an invasive procedure that can be avoided in ...
Heaston D K - - 1983
A prospective comparison of chest radiography, conventional tomography, and computed tomography (CT) in the detection or confirmation of solitary pulmonary nodules was made in 42 patients with high propensity for pulmonary metastases due to advanced local (Clark level IV or V) or regional malignant melanoma. Unequivocal nodules were revealed by ...
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