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Results 401 - 450 of 540
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Heath D - - 1992
We have found nodules histologically resembling arachnoid villi adjacent to pulmonary venules in a woman of 30 years with primary pulmonary hypertension. Such lesions have been reported previously in cases of mitral stenosis and pulmonary thromboembolism and we believe them to absorb excess water from the interstitial tissues of the ...
Nicholson C P CP Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
Dirofilariasis is an unusual but increasing cause of solitary pulmonary nodules. In this study, we reviewed the entire experience with dirofilariasis at our institution. Five such patients were identified. In all patients, the Dirofilaria immitis infection manifested as a solitary pulmonary nodule, and all patients underwent thoracotomy for diagnosis. None ...
Miller D L DL Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
Solitary pulmonary nodules continue to challenge all diagnostic skills. Herein we describe video-assisted thoracic surgical intervention, a new, minimally invasive technique that aids physicians in obtaining a definitive histologic diagnosis in a select group of patients with an indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule.
Burlew B P - - 1992
Relapsing polychondritis is purported to be an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of cartilaginous structures including the nose, ears, glottis, trachea, and mainstem bronchi. Arthropathy, aortopathy, scleritis, conjunctivitis, iritis, vertigo, otitis media, glomerulonephritis, and skin lesions are common manifestations. We have recently cared for an elderly nonsmoker with a history ...
Roth L - - 1991
A pulmonary hamartoma was found in a 5 weeks over term Jersey Holstein cross bull calf. A 36 x 22 x 22 cm, spongy, pale pink mass with a distinct lobulated pattern was continuous with the left caudal lung lobe and compromised other thoracic viscera. The mass was non-cystic and ...
Kuhlman J E - - 1991
Chest CT from eight patients with pulmonary Wegener granulomatosis were reviewed. The CT features of parenchymal lung involvement included multiple nodules or masses (seven of eight; 88%), ranging in size from 0.3 to 5.0 cm. Lung nodules demonstrated distinct feeding vessels in seven of eight patients (88%); and lesions similar ...
Pesce R R - - 1991
A case of Mycobacterium fortuitum presenting as an asymptomatic enlarging pulmonary nodule is described. This case is unusual because the patient was female, did not have underlying pulmonary disease, was not immunocompromised, had no evidence of dissemination, and had no history of aspiration or diabetes mellitus. The patient underwent thoractomy ...
Bawaskar H S - - 1991
Three pairs of scorpion sting victims ((1) daughter and mother, (2) brother and sister and (3) brother and sister) were admitted. In each pair, both were stung by the same scorpion. A patients from each pair were the first stung (initial sting), B patients the second. All A victims of ...
Borges M C MC - - 1991
We encountered a rare case of pulmonary phaeohyphomycosis due to Xylohypha bantiana documented by culture. This dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) fungus is primarily neurotropic. It usually produces phaeohyphomycosis of the central nervous system but may also involve the skin and subcutaneous tissues. The patient, a 49-year-old woman with a history of ...
Panayiotou B N - - 1991
A case of blood eosinophilia with pulmonary infiltrates associated with sulphasalazine therapy in a patient with ulcerative colitis is described. These manifestations resolved when sulphasalazine was ceased and recurred with rechallenge. The failure of recurrence after treatment with mesalazine (5-aminosalicyclic acid in a sustained release preparation) suggests that sulphapyridine is ...
Kin L C - - 1991
A young male who developed ipsilateral pulmonary oedema on two occasions as a complication of treatment of pneumothoraces involving the left lung is reported. The importance of large pneumothoraces, the rapidity of decompression and the application of suction to the pleural space as factors predisposing to the development of re-expansion ...
MacMahon H - - 1991
All detected abnormal findings were recorded for 1085 consecutive chest x-ray examinations. Each finding was classified by descriptive criteria and graded for subtlety. Accuracy of interpretation was evaluated in a randomized sample of 100 cases using follow-up or multiple readers. Seventy percent of standard examinations and 93% of bedside examinations ...
Hamilton T A - - 1991
A one-year-old 3-kg female domestic shorthair cat was diagnosed as having cryptococcosis. Although the cat had no clinical signs referable to the pulmonary system and results of thoracic radiography were normal, organisms were recovered by use of tracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage. In cases of fungal infections, the latter 2 ...
Naeije R - - 1990
A 40 year old man had an episode of severe pulmonary oedema at 4000-5000 m during the ascent of the Margherita peak (5109 m) of Mount Stanley on the Ruwenzori. He had taken acetazolamide and high dose dexamethasone to treat symptoms of acute mountain sickness. Six years before he had ...
Ochiai K - - 1990
A young cat clinically displaying marked ascites had multiple nodule hyperplasia in the liver. One of the nodules sampled at exploratory laparotomy was studied histopathologically. The nodule consisted mainly of hyperplastic hepatocytes with a central stellate scarlike connective tissue. The connective tissue had thick-walled blood vessels and radiating bands of ...
Lear G H - - 1990
Neurogenic pulmonary oedema followed a subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to an arteriovenous malformation in an eight-year-old boy. Despite a complicated course, he made a full recovery. Neurogenic pulmonary oedema is rare in childhood. It is sudden in onset, and potentially fatal, but is amenable to prompt and vigorous treatment.
Maggiorini M - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms and signs of acute mountain sickness of the Swiss Alps. DESIGN: A study using an interview and clinical examination in a representative population of mountaineers. Positive symptoms and signs were assigned scores to quantify the severity of acute mountain sickness. SETTING: Four huts ...
Pusateri D W - - 1990
A 71-year-old man presented with herpes zoster ophthalmicus and ocular involvement. Following the institution of intravenous therapy with acyclovir, the patient developed fever, hemoptysis, and a pleural friction rub. A ventilation-perfusion lung scan showed no defects; roentgenograms showed bilateral infiltrates and a left-sided pleural effusion. The fever abated promptly following ...
Paul K P - - 1990
Pulmonary function was evaluated before and after 15 operations for resection of pulmonary metastases from osteogenic sarcoma. In the whole study group (ten patients, aged 13-18 years) preoperative vital capacity (VC) ranged from 62% to 122% (mean 83%) of predicted normal values for height. The operations were performed via median ...
Persson N H - - 1990
To establish the degree of oedema after thromboembolectomy ad modum Fogarty, leg volume changes were recorded daily in 56 patients. Significant increase was found in the volume of the ipsilateral leg, maximally 12.9 +/- 12% after c. 1 week. The swelling was significantly greater if the popliteal artery had been ...
Breuer R - - 1990
The efficacy of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage for diagnosing 32 episodes of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates was studied in 30 nonAIDS immunocompromised patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage had an overall diagnostic yield of 84% (27 of 32 episodes). Bronchoalveolar lavage was noncontributive in five episodes of pneumonitis: drug induced in one, nonspecific in ...
Fabbretti G - - 1990
We report a new European case of pulmonary dirofilariasis occurring in an Italian patient. The paper emphasizes the peculiar pathological features of Pulmonary Dirofilariasis, that, on clinical and radiological grounds, closely imitates primary or secondary neoplasms. The disease characteristically presents itself as a solitary subpleural coin-like lesion, histologically corresponding to ...
Ohwada S - - 1990
The first description of a spontaneous regression of a primary esophageal carcinoma with progressive growth of multiple pulmonary metastases is reported, and the possible cause of the spontaneous regression is discussed briefly with reference to T cell subsets. A 78-year-old Japanese man underwent an esophageal bypass with gastric substitution for ...
Lovich S F - - 1990
During a 5-year period from 1983 to 1987, a total of 226 thoracotomies were performed at David Grant USAF Medical Center. Within this group, 62 patients (27%) had resection of a solitary pulmonary nodule. Fifty percent of the resected nodules were subsequently proven malignant, with 27 of 62 (43%) having ...
Caskey C I - - 1990
The solitary pulmonary nodule is one of the most common radiologic findings. The best approach to its management remains controversial. In this article, the role of computed tomography in the evaluation of the solitary pulmonary nodule is reviewed. The potential contributions of digital radiography and magnetic resonance imaging of the ...
Sardesai S H - - 1990
Phaeochromocytoma is rare and usually presents as paroxysmal or sustained hypertension; none the less, it can also cause severe acute pulmonary oedema in normotensive individuals. Six patients with phaeochromocytoma presenting in Cornwall and West Devon between 1982 and 1986 are described. Five of them died of pulmonary oedema within 24 ...
Nerlich A - - 1990
We present the fatal case of a patient with a primary leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary trunk. During the patient's clinical course of 2 months, the pulmonary valve and the proximal segment of the truncus pulmonalis had to be removed surgically. At autopsy, we found an extensive local tumour recurrence with ...
Wakasa K - - 1990
Daughter nodules and intrahepatic metastases are resistant to conventional transcatheter arterial embolization therapy. To clarify the mechanism of this resistance, the boundaries of hepatocellular carcinomas and their relationship to the blood supply were studied. The boundaries of the hepatocellular carcinomas studied were classified as one of five types: encapsulated, granulation, ...
Egawa T - - 1990
A 28 year old man with no underlying disease developed a cavity and multiple nodules in the lung from which Corynebacterium equi was isolated. He experimented with organic solvents and microorganisms including Corynebacterium species for several years. Computed tomography of his pulmonary lesions revealed that these nodules were related to ...
Takimoto C H - - 1990
Pulmonary infiltrates, cough, dyspnea, and fever developed in a 62-year-old woman with chronic degenerative arthritis who had been receiving sulindac therapy for six months. Her pulmonary signs and symptoms resolved upon withholding the drug. Inadvertent rechallenge resulted in rapid recurrence of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary infiltrates. This constellation of clinical ...
Yang Y M - - 1990
Pulmonary lipid accumulation associated with intralipid infusion has been observed in autopsies of premature babies and a few adults. We report a 6-year-old boy with radiographically identifiable bilateral pulmonary nodules while he had Staphylococcus epidermidis sepsis. At the time, the child was receiving intralipid as a part of total parenteral ...
Statham P F PF Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, - - 1990
In a study of 182 patients with a traumatic, 'spontaneous', or aneurysmal intracerebral haematoma (ICH) a significant correlation was found between the amount of focal brain oedema seen on computed tomogram (CT) and both the aetiology and the size of the haematoma. Traumatic haematomas were associated with twice the oedema ...
Oelz O - - 1989
In a laboratory at 4559 m six subjects with high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPO) characterised by clinical signs, severe hypoxaemia, widened alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient, pulmonary hypertension, and alveolar oedema on chest radiography were treated with nifedipine. Despite continued exercise at the same altitude this treatment, without supplementary oxygen, resulted in ...
Anderson W I - - 1989
An 11-yr-old female beaver (Castor canadensis) died after a 3 1/2 mo course of intermittent diarrhea, lethargy and anorexia. A postmortem examination revealed both a necrotizing ulcerative colitis and bilaterally enlarged thyroid glands. Histologically, the necrotizing colitis was similar to that caused by canine or feline parvovirus. Thyroid glands were ...
Lam K N - - 1989
A 27-year old man was admitted with a right-sided pneumothorax of 2-3 weeks duration. A chest tube was inserted and connected to an underwater seal drainage system without the application of external suction. Three hours later, the patient developed unilateral re-expansion pulmonary oedema and severe hypotension. Active management consisted of ...
Palmar A H - - 1989
A patient is described in whom renal arterial stenosis in a functionally solitary kidney led to arterial hypertension and high output cardiac failure. The pulmonary oedema was resistant to conventional drug therapy but showed prompt regression after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. This case report demonstrates the usefulness of cardiac output measurement ...
Risher W H - - 1989
Pulmonary dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria immitis, the dog heartworm, is a rarely reported pulmonary lesion. It appears as a solitary pulmonary nodule, and the diagnosis is not established until thoracotomy and subsequent histologic examination of the specimen are performed. Sporadic reports of pulmonary dirofilariasis in the United States total only ...
Wilmshurst P T - - 1989
The effect of cold and/or a raised partial pressure of oxygen was examined in eleven people with no demonstrable cardiac abnormality but who had pulmonary oedema when scuba diving or surface swimming, and in ten normal divers. These stimuli induced pathological vasoconstriction in the pulmonary oedema group, nine of whom ...
Kim T - - 1989
Recently, a new ECG lead has been introduced that can mimic a pulmonary nodule to the uninitiated. Alternatively, in those institutions where the lead is commonly seen, physicians may dismiss a real finding on the chest x-ray film as a lead "artifact." We describe the appearance of this new chest ...
Narita T - - 1989
Sublines of B16 melanoma with different pulmonary colonizing potential were examined for the relationship between cellular glycoproteins and the pulmonary colonizing potential using sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and lectin-binding assay in nitrocellulose sheets after Western blotting. There were glycoproteins corresponding to 33,000 and 32,000, whose carbohydrate components, N-acetylgalactosamine and ...
Ognibene F P - - 1988
Pulmonary KS may occur in up to 20 to 25 per cent of patients with cutaneous KS. The presenting symptoms of pulmonary KS are indistinguishable from those of opportunistic pathogens that cause pneumonia. It most frequently presents with the symptoms of cough or dyspnea; however, fever, hemoptysis, and stridor have ...
Dempsey R J - - 1988
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity, the first and generally rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine synthesis, is stimulated in permanent focal cerebral ischaemia in areas of incomplete ischaemia which are developing ischaemic brain oedema. As polyamines are ubiquitous ornithine-derived molecules which are obligatory in cold-induced vasogenic oedema, we studied the effect of transient ...
Fredberg U - - 1988
A case of acute neurogenic pulmonary oedema following a generalized tonic clonic seizure is presented. The condition is rare and the exact pathophysiology is unknown. Pulmonary oedema is a serious complication of epileptic seizures, however, and the importance of awareness of this condition and its treatment is emphasized by a ...
Herrera G A - - 1988
A prospective study of 24 pulmonary scar adenocarcinomas was conducted to evaluate a potential correlation between patients' survival, propensity to metastasize, and subtypes of pulmonary scar adenocarcinomas as determined by ultrastructural examination. Ultrastructural studies of pulmonary adenocarcinomas have shown three types of cells: mucus, Clara, and alveolar, with neoplasms exhibiting ...
Newell J D - - 1988
We evaluated the capabilities of a computed radiography system (CRS) and a standard radiography system (SRS) in the detection of simulated solitary pulmonary lung nodules of various sizes and contrast. A phantom simulated the pulmonary anatomy, and specially shaped plexiglass disks were externally mounted to simulate solitary pulmonary nodules of ...
Gans S J - - 1988
A patient with pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma (PHG) is presented. PHG is a rare disease with very specific histological characteristics. Roentgenograms display multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules which may be cavitated. Evidence exists that the nodules are the result of an exaggerated chronic immune response. The course of the disease is generally ...
Lee C H - - 1988
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is thought to be a rare disease. Clinically, it presents no characteristic symptoms, signs or chest x-ray film findings. Most of the reported cases of pulmonary cryptococcosis were not diagnosed either antemortem or before surgical intervention. A simple diagnostic method, Riu's stain, can be used routinely in bronchoscopic ...
Sanjay B - - 1988
A 10-year-old child presented with small-cell osteosarcoma of the proximal end of the tibia. Pulmonary metastases appeared after a gap of 9 months of ablative surgery, as did late multiple extra-pulmonary skeletal metastases, including the hand and foot bones after 6 months of pulmonary metastases. These late extrapulmonary metastases appear ...
Sa'adah M A - - 1987
A 39-year-old previously healthy patient with combined pulmonary and neural cryptococcosis was successfully managed by pulmonary resection and antifungal chemotherapy. The pulmonary mass was removed under cover of miconazole and 5-fluorocytosine even though the patient had concomitant active meningitis. He recovered dramatically after the surgical procedure and remained well 2 ...
Dombert M C - - 1987
Pulmonary oedema during angiographically proved massive pulmonary embolism without left ventricular failure is unusual. A few previous reports have used haemodynamic data obtained during the acute phase to rule out left ventricular failure. The following case, which we were able to observe for a period of 4 years has given ...
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