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Results 401 - 450 of 464
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Colby T V - - 1983
The histologic and clinical features of pulmonary histiocytosis X are discussed. The majority of patients are in the third and fourth decades of life. They present with nonspecific respiratory complaints and bilateral reticulonodular infiltrates that can be seen on chest radiographs. The histologic lesions of pulmonary histiocytosis X are scattered, ...
Dickinson J - - 1983
The clinical features and necropsy findings are described for seven trekkers in the Himalayas whose deaths were related to high altitude. The fatal outcome was due to serious pulmonary and cerebral disease. Oedema of the lungs and brain was prominent but so was thrombosis and haemorrhage, features of acute mountain ...
Chaise L S - - 1983
A solitary pulmonary nodule was shown by dynamic computed tomography to be vascular, to be enhanced during the pulmonary venous phase, and to be in continuity with the left inferior pulmonary vein. The diagnosis of pulmonary varix was confirmed by pulmonary angiography, an invasive procedure that can be avoided in ...
Heaston D K - - 1983
A prospective comparison of chest radiography, conventional tomography, and computed tomography (CT) in the detection or confirmation of solitary pulmonary nodules was made in 42 patients with high propensity for pulmonary metastases due to advanced local (Clark level IV or V) or regional malignant melanoma. Unequivocal nodules were revealed by ...
Yoneda K - - 1983
It has been reported previously that fluid leaks through the intercellular junctions of arterial endothelium and bronchiolar epithelium in fluid-overload pulmonary oedema in mice. In this study, freeze fracture technique was used to see morphological changes in the intercellular junctions at these sites. In arterial endothelium, the intercellular junction consists ...
Morton A P - - 1983
The relationship of pulmonary oedema and chronic bronchitis in perioperative septic patients has been examined. There is a close association. It appears likely that the reason for this association is a reduction of the pulmonary vascular capacity due to destructive changes, hypertrophy of muscle within the walls of blood vessels ...
Martineau R - - 1983
Pulmonary microemboli may play a role in the adult respiratory distress syndrome, creating both pulmonary oedema and hypoxaemia. We measured the time course of pulmonary oedema and hypoxaemia after pulmonary microemboli of 63-74 mu starch were infused into dogs. Dogs were divided into two groups: six dogs that did not ...
Confer A W - - 1983
Four cases of pulmonary nodular eosinophilic granulomatosis are described in dogs. All dogs were presented for chronic respiratory disease. Three dogs had radiographic and pathologic evidence of heartworm disease. One dog had lesions suggestive of past heartworm disease; but adult worms were not found at necropsy. Radiographically, single or multiple ...
Das L - - 1983
Osteosarcoma very rarely metastasizes to the heart. Thirteen cases have been reported in the literature so far. Diagnosis in some of these cases was made during investigation for severe cardiac failure and in most of them at autopsy. Our patient, a 13-year-old girl, showed right pulmonary metastases on chest x-ray ...
Frija J - - 1982
Thirty normal computed tomography (CT) examinations of the thorax have been reviewed in order to analyze the anatomy of the pulmonary fissures. The major and minor fissures are constantly visible, and their orientation with respect to the scanning plane appears either as a narrow fibrous line or as a hypovascular ...
Albertine K H - - 1982
We investigated the morphology of the visceral pleura of 36 sheep, using macroscopic, histologic, and ultrastructural approaches to quantify regional pleural thickness, blood supply, and lymphatic drainage, including the pulmonary ligament and hilar lymphatic distributions. Pleural thickness increased caudally and dorsally, such that the costal pleura of the caudal lobes ...
Rodgers B M - - 1982
Cryotherapy, the application of supercool temperatures to living tissue, has proved successful in the treatment of many superficial neoplasms. Recent clinical studies have suggested the efficacy of an aggressive surgical excision of multiple pulmonary metastatic nodules. The current experiments were designed to study the effects of profound cryotherapy upon the ...
Karp D D - - 1982
The use of granulocyte transfusions in profoundly neutropenic patients has increased markedly in recent years. Whenever a pulmonary infiltrate develops during the course of these transfusions, the question arises as to what role the transfusions are playing and whether the transfusions should be discontinued to prevent pulmonary deterioration. We have ...
Hughson M D - - 1982
Angioblastic-appearing nodules of small arteries of heart, pancreas, and kidneys were found during microscopic study of autopsy specimens form subjects with hypertension that had responded poorly to treatment. These vascular lesions were noted in three of 15 subjects studied; they were associated with a proliferative arteriolosclerosis that was most severe ...
Towbin R - - 1982
Manifestations of pulmonary metastases were reviewed in a retrospective study of 30 patients with the autopsy diagnosis of neuroblastoma seen over a 25 year period. Seven patients with histologic evidence of pulmonary metastases are reported. Radiologic manifestations included examples of direct extension, hematogenous spread, and lymphangitic spread. Two patients with ...
Fon G T - - 1981
A clinical trial has been established to evaluate the use of intralesional bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy as an adjunct to surgery in resectable pulmonary neoplasms. BCG was injected percutaneously under fluoroscopic guidance into a single nodule in each of 21 patients with resectable primary and metastatic pulmonary neoplasms. Eighteen ...
Trenchard P M - - 1981
A patient with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy, immunoblastic leukaemia, pulmonary immunoblastic infiltration, and multiple antihaemocytic antibodies in his serum deteriorated rapidly after chemotherapy due to severe progressive respiratory of dysfunction. The haematological and immunological changes that accompanied this are described and discussed in the light of the pulmonary changes observed at necropsy ...
Duncan A W - - 1980
The effects of the venom of the male Sydney funnel-web spider were studied in closely monitored monkeys, and a number of new features were observed. Excessive catecholamine release was demonstrated and linked to the development of hypertension, arrhythmias, pulmonary oedema, hyperthermia, and metabolic acidosis. Acute intracranial hypertension was found, and ...
Bein M E - - 1980
Pulmonary nodule detection was evaluated in full lung linear tomography at 1 and 2 cm intervals. Three radiologists independently reviewed 1 and 2 tomograms on 26 patients with 39 pulmonary nodules. Decisions made in each case included: (1) no nodule; (2) definite nodule(s); and (3) suspect nodule(s). The presence of ...
Corrin B - - 1980
The structure of bronchial carcinoids, oat cell carcinomas and pulmonary 'tumourlets' is described and evidence presented that they are related histogenetically, all being derived from certain specialized cells of endocrine or chemoreceptor nature found within the lining epithelium of the airways. Chemoreceptors related to pulmonary blood vessels have also been ...
Loughnan P M - - 1980
Acute pulmonary oedema is a rare complication of head injury. A case is reported in which the pulmonary oedema was treated initially by tracheal intubation, constant positive airway pressure, ventilation and isoprenaline. Subsequent treatment was by vasodilation with sodium nitroprusside and phenoxybenzamine and the patient made a good recovery. The ...
Dougbag A S - - 1980
The camel's stomach consists of 3 compartments. The third one was subdivided according the external and internal appearance into 3 parts: initial dilated part, middle long narrow part and terminal dilated part with a thick wall. The mucosa in the first 2 parts contain simple tubular glands separated by a ...
Szamosi A - - 1980
All available chest films of 26 patients with pulmonary noduli (3 to 15 mm in diameter) were compared. Great variations in the appearance of one and the same nodule was noted. On 7 films the nodule could not be detected at all, in spite of the fact that other films ...
Snook T - - 1980
The arterioles and capillaries supplying the lymphatic nodules and marginal zone (in part) in the rhesus monkey's spleen arise from a follicular artery branch of the central artery. This follicular artery first undergoes a series of convolutions and branchings, out of which a parallel array of tightly bound arterioles and ...
Dawes P J - - 1979
Two cases of acute pulmonary distress following very shortly after irradiation of the upper half of the body are described. The first occurred one hour and forty minutes after irradiation and led to the patient's death three hours after irradiation. The second occurred 15 minutes after irradiation and was successfully ...
Surtees V M - - 1979
Increased vascular permeability and visceral oedema without significant hypertension or arterial damage was found in clip-nephrectomized rats dying in the first post-operative week. Increased vascular permeability was demonstrated by intravenous colloidal carbon labelling, and was restricted to capillaries and venules. Rats surviving the first week became hypertensive, and visceral oedema ...
Knapp P W - - 1979
We have presented a case of unilateral pulmonary oedema which we feel is secondary to obstruction of the right main bronchus during spontaneous respiration. An anode tracheal tube was introduced through a tracheostomy during operation in a man with pre-existing pulmonary and cardiac disease. At the end of the anaesthetic, ...
Sutton J R - - 1979
We review the evidence that acute mountain sickness (AMS) and high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPO) occur together more often than is realized. We hypothesize that AMS and HAPO have a common pathophysiological basis: both are due to increased pressure and flow in the microcirculation, causing oedema in the brain and ...
Beyers J A - - 1979
A clinical classification embracing most of the causes of pulmonary oedema is given, as well as a radiological classification, and the different ways in which pulmonary oedema may present radiologically are briefly described.
Atwell R B - - 1978
Primary osteosarcoma of the fifth sternebra is reported in a 6-year-old male Great Dane. Presenting signs were suggestive of myocarditis and pulmonary congestion. Electrocardiography revealed R waves of low and variable amplitude and the plasma alpha-hydroxibutyrate dehydrogenase level was elevated. Radiography revealed neoplasia of the fifth sternebra with extensive bilaterial ...
Rajdev N - - 1978
A 35-year old man with cough, hemoptysis, and dyspnea was found to have diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and iron-laden macrophages in the sputum. Pulmonary siderosis was confirmed by transbronchial biopsy. An associated hypochromic anemia required frequent transfusion. Though marrow iron stores were absent, reticulocytosis was maintained. Corticosteroid therapy resulted in cessation ...
Matthay R A - - 1978
Immunocompromised hosts are predisposed to pulmonary infection with a wide variety of pathogens. A cooperative team effort is recommended to complete, in stepwise fashion, the procedures necessary to establish the specific cause of pulmonary infiltrates in the compromised host. The diagnostic approach needs to be individualized, and will depend in ...
Oh T E - - 1978
A case of unilateral pulmonary oedema following "Mandrax" overdose is presented. The pulmonary oedema is believed to result from hypoxia and increased pulmonary vascular permeability. A multi-factorial pathophysiology including patient posture, may have been responsible for the unusual unilateral distribution of the oedema. This report should serve to increase awareness ...
Miller M A - - 1978
Multiple peripheral carcinoid tumors were found on lung biopsy in a 53 year old woman with an eight year history of pulmonary nodules. The biopsy specimen showed nodules varying from 1 to 7 mm in greatest diameter. The larger lesions were typical bronchial carcinoids whereas the smaller ones resembled pulmonary ...
Sims F H - - 1978
The limitations of current theories of the mechanism of intimal thickening in arteriosclerosis are briefly reviewed. The suggestion is advanced that this change is due to intimal oedema, arising from failure of the lymphatic system of the surrounding tissue to remove adequately, protein-containing fluid filtering outwards through the vascular endothelium. ...
Soliman M G - - 1978
We have presented three patients with epiglottitis who developed pulmonary oedema during the course of treatment with nasotracheal intubation and antibiotics. The exact mechanism for the development of pulmonary oedema in these patients is not known. Possible mechnisms are changed in the physical factors controlling the movement of fluids across ...
Hurley J V - - 1978
Understanding of the causes of pulmonary oedema must be based on knowledge of the mechanism responsible for fluid exchange between the several compartments of the normal lung. Recent physiological studies have clarified the main features of these mechanisms. However in three areas knowledge is still incomplete--the magnitude of the hydrostatic ...
Palmer P E - - 1978
Patients with leukaemia, on anticoagulant therapy, or with disseminated intravascular coagulation may develop occult pulmonary haemorrhage; it will mimic pulmonary oedema, pulmonary hemosiderosis or opportunistic infections. It can be diagnosed by bronchopulmonary lavage. The radiographic changes are described and the differential diagnosis discussed in a series of 12 such patients.
Malins A F - - 1978
5 patients developed pulmonary oedema after retrograde femoral arteriography under general anesthesia. Because of the haemodynamic changes associated with radiographic contrast media, a good preoperative cardiological assessment is essential. The volume and nature of the contrast media injected and any other fluid administered should be carefully monitored. There is no ...
Diaconită G - - 1978
The dynamics of pulmonary changes produced by a prolonged daily administration of 1 g per cent solution of BeSO4 in aerosols was pursued by current histopathological methods in periodically sacrificed rabbits. A progressive constitution of beryliosic granulomas involving intralobular and interlobular areas was observed. The epithelioids and giant cells were ...
Jayachandran C - - 1977
A study has been carried out to examine the role of pulmonary surfactants in pulmonary oedema induced by head injury. Pulmonary oedema was induced by head injury in mice by the method of Mackay (5). There was no change in surface tension as well as total phospholipid concentration of the ...
Horstmann J P - - 1977
Multiple pulmonary nodular densities simulating metastastic cancer were discovered in a routine chest roentgenogram of a 30-year-old pregnant woman. Lung biopsy revealed nodules composed of smooth muscle and collagenous tissue containing entrapped glandular elements. The lesions were initially interpreted as multiple pulmonary fibroleiomyomatous hamartomas (MPFLH). During pregnancy and the post-partum ...
Marsden H B - - 1976
A primary pulmonary tumour in a four year old boy arising from the subpleural zone of the lung is described. It contains both stromal and epithelial elements at the primary site and in the bony metastases. The combination of the age of the patient, the site of the tumour, the ...
Gutin P H - - 1976
A patient with adenocarcinoma of the breast metastatic to the leptomeninges was treated with 10 doses of intrathecal methotrexate (MTX) administered at intervals of 2 days. Following these treatments she developed fever, hypoxemia, and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates without documented pulmonary infection. Autopsy findings were consistent with the pneumonitis that has ...
Frankel R J - - 1976
Two cases of meningococcal meningitis complicated by pulmonary oedema are described. The pulmonary arterial wedge pressure was raised in the one case studied. Profound sympathetic over-activity may be the cause of the pulmonary oedema occurring in this situation. If this is so, adrenergic blockade would appear to be a rational ...
Greenough W B WB - - 1976
Five patients with severe acidosis and pulmonary oedema complicating cholera were seen at the Cholera Research Laboratory, Dacca, in a two-year period. All had had inadequate treatment. Their disease resulted in acidosis prior to admission; only the two who subsequently survived received volumes of sodium bicarbonate solutions sufficiently large to ...
Prioleau W H WH - - 1976
Dirofilaria immitis, the dog heartworm, has been identified in the pulmonary granulomas of 5 patients from the greater Charleston area; this is the largest series of such cases from one medical center. The patients had no pulmonary symptoms. On roentgenogram the lesions were all about 2 cm in size, of ...
Veliath A J - - 1976
Phycomycosis of the skin manifested as a spontaneous solitary ulcer of the leg in a patient with uremia. The infection later spread to the lungs and produced fatal pulmonary infarction. Histopathologic study of the lesions revealed broad nonseptate fungal hyphae that had invaded vascular channels, with areas of necrosis and ...
Casley-Smith J R - - 1976
Light and electron microscopy was used to examine portions of the brain, the circle of Willis, and the internal carotid arteries of normal cats and rabbits, of sham-operated ones, and of those whose cervical lymphatics had been ligated. Carbon was injected into the cerebral cortex of some lymphoedematous animals. It ...
Johnson R P - - 1976
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium dichloride) has in the last decade gained popularity as an effective weedicide. It is marketed for commercial use as a liquid concentrate Gramoxone ICI (20% paraquat). Accidental or intentional ingestion of Gramoxone has caused 232 human deaths between 1964 and 1973 (Anon 1974). Most human patients suffer transient ...
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