Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 493
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Yang X - - 1996
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: By performing pulmonary specimen angiographies, the authors attempted to determine the pathologic correlations of the vascular-related radiologic manifestations within, at the edge of, and adjacent to the small solitary pulmonary masses, and to evaluate their usefulness in differentiating small bronchogenic carcinomas from tuberculomas. METHODS: A total of ...
Bäcklund M - - 1996
A 73-year-old woman with cardiac dysfunction had several episodes of severe bradycardia and pulmonary oedema when waiting for peripheral vascular surgery. She used timolol eye drops for primary open-angle glaucoma. The first episode of pulmonary oedema occurred two weeks prior to and the second on the day before the planned ...
de Kerviler E - - 1996
A patient treated with fluoxetin for a manic depressive disorder developed pulmonary inflammatory nodules with noncaseating giant cell granulomas, interstitial pneumonia and non-necrotizing vasculitis, whilst remaining asymptomatic. A progressive resolution of pulmonary nodules occurred after withdrawal of the offending agent, and the chest radiograph returned to normal in 9 months. ...
Nomori H - - 1996
To localize a deeply situated small pulmonary nodule during thoracoscopic resection, we developed as instrument a so-called "endofinger" for tactile localization of the nodule, and examined its usefulness. An attempt was made in 26 patients, using endofinger palpation under thoracoscopy, to localize twenty-six pulmonary nodules, each of which was less ...
Lin T W - - 1996
A 35-year-old male sustained a full-skin thickness chemical burn involving 60 per cent of TBSA when hydrochloric acid was applied to his face, trunk and extremities by his girlfriend. Debridements and skin graftings were performed smoothly and he was doing well until day 23 after injury, when massive GI tract ...
Hiroshima K - - 1996
A 71 year old man was admitted for the purpose of diagnosis of a right solitary pulmonary nodule. The size of the nodule was 18 x 18 mm in diameter 2 years ago, but it has become large, 25 x 25 mm in diameter. The nodule was resected by thoracotomy. ...
Koch S M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To present the first photographed bronchoscopic findings associated with negative pressure pulmonary oedema (NPPE). CLINICAL FEATURES: A previously healthy patient underwent anterior C3-C4 disc removal and arthrodesis. Following tracheal extubation he developed acute respiratory distress manifested as stridor, tachypnoea, restlessness, and desaturation. Once the trachea was reintubated, he displayed ...
Webber M D - - 1995
Cardiovascular involvement occurs in 30% to 50% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and typically presents as nonspecific inflammation or fibrosis of cardiac structures or as nodules embedded in the various cardiac tissues. This case report describes a unique pedunculated, mobile left atrial rheumatoid nodule prolapsing through the mitral valve plane ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1995
BACKGROUND: We developed a new tactile sensor that could quantify the hardness of objects as changes in the resonance frequency of the sensor (delta f). We have applied it to thoracoscopic operations for the localization of small invisible nodules in the lung. METHODS: When the sensor probe was moved over ...
Jamadar D A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: We describe the CT appearance of pulmonary zygomycosis (mucormycosis), an opportunistic infection typically occurring in immunocompromised patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with pulmonary zygomycosis imaged with CT were reviewed, seven at initial diagnosis and one with a subsequent complication. The appearance, number, and location of pulmonary lesions and ...
Morris M J - - 1995
A 28-year-old man had a left pneumothorax and diffuse reticulonodular infiltrates. He subsequently had a right pneumothorax and manifested bilateral recurrences after treatment of the initial pneumothoraces. Pulmonary angiocentric immunoproliferative lesion was diagnosed by open lung biopsy. Treatment with combination chemotherapy improved the infiltrates, but failed to prevent another pneumothorax. ...
Rocha M O - - 1995
The clinical and radiological pulmonary manifestations in the initial phase of schistosomiasis mansoni were studied in thirty previously healthy individuals who were simultaneously infected. The findings were compared with those concerning a control group and related to possible pathogenetic factors. The respiratory manifestations were of light or of moderate intensity, ...
Barth P J - - 1995
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the oxidation product of nitric oxide (NO), is a reactive free radical forming gas, the inhalation of which has been reported to induce severe damage to distal airways. In order to quantify dose and time course of parenchymal and vascular damage, rats were exposed to 5, 10 ...
Pons M - - 1995
The prevalence of pulmonary oedema during scuba-diving is unknown. In our referral centre for diving accidents we have observed several episodes of pulmonary oedema in four previously healthy persons while scuba-diving or swimming. Four events were documented by physical findings, typical chest radiographic changes, and arterial hypoxaemia. Four additional episodes ...
González Cabo J F - - 1995
A case of fatal pulmonary infection in a female tortoise (Tachemys scripta) imported into Spain from Cuba is reported. Necropsy revealed general pulmonary congestion with pleuritis and a large number of yellowish nodules of the granulomatous type, similar to aspergillomata. Histological examination showed some infiltration of round cells, surrounding a ...
Kanazawa S - - 1995
We developed a stainless steel spring hookwire, 0.28 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length, with a 30-cm-long, 5-0 nylon monofilament suture firmly attached to its funnel-shaped end. A 21-gauge, 10-cm-long cannula was used as an introducer, and a 24-gauge, 10-cm-long blunt-pointed needle as a pusher. The hookwire was ...
Leifsson P S - - 1995
Rabbit antisera raised against somatic antigens from two strains of Actinomyces pyogenes reacted specifically in a peroxidase anti-peroxidase technique which was developed for the location of the bacteria in formalin-fixed tissues. The technique was applied on experimental murine and spontaneous bovine lesions caused by A. pyogenes. By electron microscopy and ...
Pirisi M - - 1995
An immunocompetent man developed malaise, fever, progressive weight loss, eosinophilia, and transient pulmonary infiltrates that responded to steroid treatment but recurred after its discontinuation. Examinations of feces, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and pulmonary tissue obtained during a 50-day period of hospitalization yielded negative results. When a new bronchoalveolar lavage sample and ...
Schwarz C D - - 1994
Peripheral undefined pulmonary nodules have become a favorable indication for the videoendoscopic approach in thoracic surgery. In our latest experience, we also successfully applied this technique in centrally located lesions of the lung. In reviewing our first 29 cases, we looked for preoperative features of videoendoscopic resectability. From March 1992 ...
Singh P P - - 1994
This is a case of a 28-yr-old man who underwent general anaesthesia for emergency repair of a right lid laceration and lacrimal apparatus. Following induction of anaesthesia and local nasal application of phenylephrine (0.25%) he developed transient elevation of blood pressure, which was treated immediately with labetalol. Subsequently the patient ...
Adelman H M - - 1994
Rheumatoid arthritis is a multi-system disease. Pulmonary manifestations and complications include pleural disease, pulmonary infections, pneumonitis and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, bronchogenic carcinoma, arteritis with pulmonary hypertension, obliterative bronchiolitis, bronchiectasis, and amyloidosis. Pulmonary rheumatoid nodules, including rheumatoid pneumoconiosis (Caplan's Syndrome), can result in spontaneous pneumothorax. In this article, the authors present ...
Batungwanayo J - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To study the demographic, clinical, radiographic and diagnostic features, the clinical course and therapeutic response of pulmonary cryptococcosis in HIV-1-infected patients. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: The Department of Medicine of an urban reference hospital in Central Africa. METHODS: All the records of HIV-1-infected patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis were reviewed ...
Perera L - - 1994
Human pulmonary dirofilariosis usually appears as a solitary pulmonary nodule. A 22 kDa antigen from Dirofilaria immitis adult worms specifically recognized by three sera from individuals diagnosed with pulmonary dirofilariosis was identified by enzyme-linked-immunoelectrotransfer blot. This antigen was purified by elution from acrylamide gels and evaluated in enzyme-linked immunoassay using ...
Leser C - - 1994
We present the case of a patient with acute onset of dyspnoea after a long-distance flight. Pulmonary embolism was suspected, but could be excluded by perfusion scintigraphy. The electrocardiogram and chest X-ray were compatible with acute myocardial infarction and pulmonary oedema, but the slightness of the elevation of pulmonary capillary ...
Yanai T - - 1994
The frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of vascular mineralization in the brains of cows were studied. Mineralized lesions were found in the pallidal arteries in eight of 13 cows. They appeared as basophilic deposits in the arterial walls, were sheath-like or tubular in shape, and were accompanied by intimal ...
Morikawa H - - 1994
Acute ipsilateral pulmonary oedema is a well documented complication of the treatment of lung collapse secondary to pneumothorax, pleural effusion and atelectasis. We present a case of bilateral re-expansion pulmonary oedema following removal of an intrathoracic haematoma. High protein concentration of the oedema fluid suggests increased pulmonary vascular permeability as ...
Doganay M - - 1994
A 41-year-old male patient was treated with penicillin for cutaneous anthrax affecting the region of the right eye. He was also given dexamethasone for 3 days to combat extensive oedema which was causing respiratory difficulty because of tracheal compression. After the oedema had resolved and the typical necrotic black eschar ...
Scorpio R J - - 1994
An adolescent patient with Ewing's sarcoma, who had undergone three previous thoracotomies for pulmonary metastases, presented with two further left-sided pulmonary metastases, measuring 5 mm and 10 mm in diameter. Chemotherapeutic options were limited, and pulmonary irradiation was inadvisable because of compromised respiratory function. Surgical resection was the favored therapeutic ...
Papiris S A - - 1994
A case of acute reversible pulmonary damage from amiodarone is described. Pulmonary infiltrates had a basal predominance. The histopathologic picture was that of acute alveolitis. Orthodeoxia was evident on blood gas analysis; the PaO2 was 73 mm Hg on recumbency, and the PaO2 was 57 mm Hg in the upright ...
Barthez P Y - - 1994
Five radiographic protocols for detecting pulmonary metastases in dogs were compared by analyzing receiver operating characteristic curves for the protocols. Protocols compared were a right lateral view only, a left lateral view only, right lateral and dorsoventral views, both lateral views, and all 3 views. Three radiologists used each of ...
Sgouros S - - 1994
Dural metastases in the posterior fossa are relatively rare. We report a combination of cutaneous metastases in the scalp of the occiput with ipsilateral dural metastasis in the posterior fossa, on the inferior surface of the tentorium. It is suggested that all the metastases spread via the external carotid artery.
Iwasaki T - - 1994
A 57-year-old man with IgG multiple myeloma developed pulmonary infiltration caused by pulmonary amyloidosis, for which continuous transdermal dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) treatment was given. After 8 weeks from the start of DMSO treatment, a dramatic reduction of pulmonary infiltration as determined by chest roentgenogram was observed, and arterial blood gas ...
Lam K K - - 1993
We present a 59-yr-old Chinese male patient who developed acute pulmonary oedema and cardiovascular collapse following multiple episodes of venous air emboli while in the sitting position for removal of a cervical meningioma. The severity of the pulmonary oedema and cardiovascular disturbance were surprising. Postoperative ventilation and inotropic support were ...
Menon G - - 1993
We report a 37-year-old female patient with pulmonary cryptococcosis who presented with a one week old history of cough and fever. Within a week of admission, she developed cryptococcal meningitis and 5 months later cryptococcomas of the brain were detected. She was successfully treated with 2 courses of amphotericin-B at ...
Hazelrigg S R - - 1993
Median sternotomy has been a common approach for resection of bilateral pulmonary metastases. It provides good exposure and quick accessibility to most lesions in the lung. The retrocardiac left lower lobe may at times be a problematic area for resection of metastases. We have used a simultaneous median sternotomy and ...
Mack M J - - 1993
Significant advances in surgical equipment, video monitoring, and endoscopic surgical techniques have expanded the role of thoracoscopy to include pulmonary resection. One limitation of the thoracoscopic technique is the loss of manual palpation to identify the nodule that is either too small or too deep beneath the pleural surface. We ...
Hsu C Y - - 1993
Four immunocompetent patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis were diagnosed by either fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology or sputum cytology over five years. The pulmonary manifestations were subpleural nodules and pneumonic infiltrates. Percutaneous transthoracic FNA under real-time ultrasound guidance for the subpleural nodules was used, as were periodic acid-Schiff stain and Liu's ...
Koga T - - 1993
Behçet's disease (BD) affects the lung as well as the intestine, central nervous system, kidney, and other organs. Pulmonary vasculitis is one of the most severe complications in BD because it can cause fatal bleeding. Corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs have been used to treat pulmonary vasculitis, but the efficacy ...
Heath D - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Nodules of cells showing a striking histological similarity to those of arachnoid villi have previously been found closely adjacent to pulmonary venules in several diseases associated with alveolar hypoxia or pulmonary oedema including mitral stenosis, plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy, pulmonary thromboembolism, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: Histological sections of ...
Domingo J A - - 1993
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a pulmonary disorder with a wide spectrum of radiologic features. Usually, these are bilateral, patchy, alveolar, or ground-glass infiltrates, but other presentations have also been described. We present a case in which the radiologic appearance was a cavitated pulmonary solitary nodule. We think that ...
Law K F - - 1993
An 81-year-old man being treated with weekly low dose methotrexate (MTX) for psoriasis was admitted with a 2-month history of cough, shortness of breath and 7% eosinophilia in the peripheral blood. Chest roentgenogram revealed bilateral alveolar and interstitial infiltrates. Although the clinical presentation suggested MTX pneumonitis, a transbronchial lung biopsy ...
Wulfson H D - - 1993
Pulmonary oedema in a patient with hypertrophic subaortic stenosis undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is described. This event occurred upon emergence from the bath. It is suggested that pulmonary oedema followed emergence because of a reduction in central venous pressures and a decrease in preload which led to transient dynamic ...
Padgham N D - - 1993
Haemorrhagic nodules have been mentioned previously as a significant cause of epistaxis in adults. We have taken photographs and obtained biopsies to characterize them. They consist of an aneurysmal dilatation of an unusually sited muscular artery with evidence of hypertensive changes in the wall, and thrombus and haemorrhage into the ...
Terada T - - 1993
Two nodules of hepatic adenomatous hyperplasia (AH) resembling focal nodular hyperplasia were found in two patients with cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis. Imaging techniques suggested that the nodules were hepatocellular carcinoma. Pathological examination showed that the nodules (approximately 1.0 cm in diameter) were clearly demarcated from the surrounding liver tissue, ...
Thomas A D - - 1993
A potentially serious complication of epidural bupivacaine used for a repeat, elective Caesarean section is presented. The main features of this reaction were erythema, itching, generalised and pulmonary oedema. In addition, pulmonary oedema was subsequently noted in the baby. An immunological hypersensitivity to bupivacaine or lignocaine is the likely cause.
Marchesani F - - 1993
A 65 year old man presented with exacerbation of the chronic bronchitis from which he had been suffering for several years. A chest X-ray revealed disatelectatic pulmonary zones. Bronchoscopy showed numerous nodules, beginning at the mid-trachea and extending into the major bronchi. Histological examination of the biopsy specimens demonstrated well-differentiated ...
Hering S E - - 1993
Severe scorpion envenoming is characterized by cardiocirculatory failure which may lead to pulmonary oedema. These are the major causes of death among victims of scorpion stings. Involvement of the heart has been attributed to the massive release of catecholamines and/or to a direct toxic effect of the venom on cardiac ...
McCracken M D - - 1993
Eleven cats with spontaneous dirofilariasis were necropsied; ten were domestic shorthairs and one was a Persian. The cats ranged in age from 1 to 10 years, and 6/11 cats were male. One to three heartworms were present in the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries of each of the 11 cats. ...
Gutowski N J - - 1992
A 67 year old woman first developed left-sided sensorimotor seizures postoperatively in association with infection and mild hyponatraemia. She was found to have previously unrecognized tuberous sclerosis, with gross pathognomic features: periungual fibromata, facial angiofibromata, calcified subependymal nodules, cortical tubers and multiple renal angiomyolipomata. Her son who was epileptic was ...
Mangar D - - 1992
This review describes the properties and side effects of Hyskon and the implications for the patient and anaesthetist during hysteroscopy. The amount of Hyskon absorbed is dependent on the injection pressure, the extent of tissue trauma, the seal of the hysteroscope around the cervix, and the duration of infusion. The ...
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