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Results 301 - 350 of 468
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Morikawa H - - 1994
Acute ipsilateral pulmonary oedema is a well documented complication of the treatment of lung collapse secondary to pneumothorax, pleural effusion and atelectasis. We present a case of bilateral re-expansion pulmonary oedema following removal of an intrathoracic haematoma. High protein concentration of the oedema fluid suggests increased pulmonary vascular permeability as ...
Doganay M - - 1994
A 41-year-old male patient was treated with penicillin for cutaneous anthrax affecting the region of the right eye. He was also given dexamethasone for 3 days to combat extensive oedema which was causing respiratory difficulty because of tracheal compression. After the oedema had resolved and the typical necrotic black eschar ...
Scorpio R J - - 1994
An adolescent patient with Ewing's sarcoma, who had undergone three previous thoracotomies for pulmonary metastases, presented with two further left-sided pulmonary metastases, measuring 5 mm and 10 mm in diameter. Chemotherapeutic options were limited, and pulmonary irradiation was inadvisable because of compromised respiratory function. Surgical resection was the favored therapeutic ...
Papiris S A - - 1994
A case of acute reversible pulmonary damage from amiodarone is described. Pulmonary infiltrates had a basal predominance. The histopathologic picture was that of acute alveolitis. Orthodeoxia was evident on blood gas analysis; the PaO2 was 73 mm Hg on recumbency, and the PaO2 was 57 mm Hg in the upright ...
Barthez P Y - - 1994
Five radiographic protocols for detecting pulmonary metastases in dogs were compared by analyzing receiver operating characteristic curves for the protocols. Protocols compared were a right lateral view only, a left lateral view only, right lateral and dorsoventral views, both lateral views, and all 3 views. Three radiologists used each of ...
Sgouros S - - 1994
Dural metastases in the posterior fossa are relatively rare. We report a combination of cutaneous metastases in the scalp of the occiput with ipsilateral dural metastasis in the posterior fossa, on the inferior surface of the tentorium. It is suggested that all the metastases spread via the external carotid artery.
Iwasaki T - - 1994
A 57-year-old man with IgG multiple myeloma developed pulmonary infiltration caused by pulmonary amyloidosis, for which continuous transdermal dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) treatment was given. After 8 weeks from the start of DMSO treatment, a dramatic reduction of pulmonary infiltration as determined by chest roentgenogram was observed, and arterial blood gas ...
Lam K K - - 1993
We present a 59-yr-old Chinese male patient who developed acute pulmonary oedema and cardiovascular collapse following multiple episodes of venous air emboli while in the sitting position for removal of a cervical meningioma. The severity of the pulmonary oedema and cardiovascular disturbance were surprising. Postoperative ventilation and inotropic support were ...
Menon G - - 1993
We report a 37-year-old female patient with pulmonary cryptococcosis who presented with a one week old history of cough and fever. Within a week of admission, she developed cryptococcal meningitis and 5 months later cryptococcomas of the brain were detected. She was successfully treated with 2 courses of amphotericin-B at ...
Hazelrigg S R - - 1993
Median sternotomy has been a common approach for resection of bilateral pulmonary metastases. It provides good exposure and quick accessibility to most lesions in the lung. The retrocardiac left lower lobe may at times be a problematic area for resection of metastases. We have used a simultaneous median sternotomy and ...
Mack M J - - 1993
Significant advances in surgical equipment, video monitoring, and endoscopic surgical techniques have expanded the role of thoracoscopy to include pulmonary resection. One limitation of the thoracoscopic technique is the loss of manual palpation to identify the nodule that is either too small or too deep beneath the pleural surface. We ...
Hsu C Y - - 1993
Four immunocompetent patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis were diagnosed by either fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology or sputum cytology over five years. The pulmonary manifestations were subpleural nodules and pneumonic infiltrates. Percutaneous transthoracic FNA under real-time ultrasound guidance for the subpleural nodules was used, as were periodic acid-Schiff stain and Liu's ...
Koga T - - 1993
Behçet's disease (BD) affects the lung as well as the intestine, central nervous system, kidney, and other organs. Pulmonary vasculitis is one of the most severe complications in BD because it can cause fatal bleeding. Corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs have been used to treat pulmonary vasculitis, but the efficacy ...
Heath D - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Nodules of cells showing a striking histological similarity to those of arachnoid villi have previously been found closely adjacent to pulmonary venules in several diseases associated with alveolar hypoxia or pulmonary oedema including mitral stenosis, plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy, pulmonary thromboembolism, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: Histological sections of ...
Domingo J A - - 1993
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a pulmonary disorder with a wide spectrum of radiologic features. Usually, these are bilateral, patchy, alveolar, or ground-glass infiltrates, but other presentations have also been described. We present a case in which the radiologic appearance was a cavitated pulmonary solitary nodule. We think that ...
Law K F - - 1993
An 81-year-old man being treated with weekly low dose methotrexate (MTX) for psoriasis was admitted with a 2-month history of cough, shortness of breath and 7% eosinophilia in the peripheral blood. Chest roentgenogram revealed bilateral alveolar and interstitial infiltrates. Although the clinical presentation suggested MTX pneumonitis, a transbronchial lung biopsy ...
Wulfson H D - - 1993
Pulmonary oedema in a patient with hypertrophic subaortic stenosis undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is described. This event occurred upon emergence from the bath. It is suggested that pulmonary oedema followed emergence because of a reduction in central venous pressures and a decrease in preload which led to transient dynamic ...
Padgham N D - - 1993
Haemorrhagic nodules have been mentioned previously as a significant cause of epistaxis in adults. We have taken photographs and obtained biopsies to characterize them. They consist of an aneurysmal dilatation of an unusually sited muscular artery with evidence of hypertensive changes in the wall, and thrombus and haemorrhage into the ...
Terada T - - 1993
Two nodules of hepatic adenomatous hyperplasia (AH) resembling focal nodular hyperplasia were found in two patients with cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis. Imaging techniques suggested that the nodules were hepatocellular carcinoma. Pathological examination showed that the nodules (approximately 1.0 cm in diameter) were clearly demarcated from the surrounding liver tissue, ...
Thomas A D - - 1993
A potentially serious complication of epidural bupivacaine used for a repeat, elective Caesarean section is presented. The main features of this reaction were erythema, itching, generalised and pulmonary oedema. In addition, pulmonary oedema was subsequently noted in the baby. An immunological hypersensitivity to bupivacaine or lignocaine is the likely cause.
Marchesani F - - 1993
A 65 year old man presented with exacerbation of the chronic bronchitis from which he had been suffering for several years. A chest X-ray revealed disatelectatic pulmonary zones. Bronchoscopy showed numerous nodules, beginning at the mid-trachea and extending into the major bronchi. Histological examination of the biopsy specimens demonstrated well-differentiated ...
Hering S E - - 1993
Severe scorpion envenoming is characterized by cardiocirculatory failure which may lead to pulmonary oedema. These are the major causes of death among victims of scorpion stings. Involvement of the heart has been attributed to the massive release of catecholamines and/or to a direct toxic effect of the venom on cardiac ...
McCracken M D - - 1993
Eleven cats with spontaneous dirofilariasis were necropsied; ten were domestic shorthairs and one was a Persian. The cats ranged in age from 1 to 10 years, and 6/11 cats were male. One to three heartworms were present in the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries of each of the 11 cats. ...
Gutowski N J - - 1992
A 67 year old woman first developed left-sided sensorimotor seizures postoperatively in association with infection and mild hyponatraemia. She was found to have previously unrecognized tuberous sclerosis, with gross pathognomic features: periungual fibromata, facial angiofibromata, calcified subependymal nodules, cortical tubers and multiple renal angiomyolipomata. Her son who was epileptic was ...
Mangar D - - 1992
This review describes the properties and side effects of Hyskon and the implications for the patient and anaesthetist during hysteroscopy. The amount of Hyskon absorbed is dependent on the injection pressure, the extent of tissue trauma, the seal of the hysteroscope around the cervix, and the duration of infusion. The ...
Pelosi G - - 1992
We describe the microscopic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of hundreds of neuroendocrine tumorlets occurring within a pulmonary lobe severely scarred by intralobar sequestration in a nonsmoking 49-year-old white man. To our knowledge, there have thus far been no descriptions or detailed analyses of neuroendocrine tumorlets arising within a pulmonary ...
Chambers J A - - 1992
To inform doctors of potential hazards if opioids are administered in excessive doses to patients with acute pulmonary oedema. Three elderly patients were unresponsive and hypotensive on arrival in the emergency department. All had received morphine parenterally as a component of prehospital treatment for acute pulmonary oedema. All were given ...
Asimacopoulos P J - - 1992
Pulmonary dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria immitis, the dog heartworm, is a rarely reported pulmonary lesion. It most often appears as a solitary pulmonary nodule, often mistaken for a primary or metastatic lung tumor, and the diagnosis is not often established until thoracotomy with excisional lung biopsy is performed. Sporadic reports ...
Heath D - - 1992
We have found nodules histologically resembling arachnoid villi adjacent to pulmonary venules in a woman of 30 years with primary pulmonary hypertension. Such lesions have been reported previously in cases of mitral stenosis and pulmonary thromboembolism and we believe them to absorb excess water from the interstitial tissues of the ...
Nicholson C P CP Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
Dirofilariasis is an unusual but increasing cause of solitary pulmonary nodules. In this study, we reviewed the entire experience with dirofilariasis at our institution. Five such patients were identified. In all patients, the Dirofilaria immitis infection manifested as a solitary pulmonary nodule, and all patients underwent thoracotomy for diagnosis. None ...
Miller D L DL Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
Solitary pulmonary nodules continue to challenge all diagnostic skills. Herein we describe video-assisted thoracic surgical intervention, a new, minimally invasive technique that aids physicians in obtaining a definitive histologic diagnosis in a select group of patients with an indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule.
Burlew B P - - 1992
Relapsing polychondritis is purported to be an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of cartilaginous structures including the nose, ears, glottis, trachea, and mainstem bronchi. Arthropathy, aortopathy, scleritis, conjunctivitis, iritis, vertigo, otitis media, glomerulonephritis, and skin lesions are common manifestations. We have recently cared for an elderly nonsmoker with a history ...
Roth L - - 1991
A pulmonary hamartoma was found in a 5 weeks over term Jersey Holstein cross bull calf. A 36 x 22 x 22 cm, spongy, pale pink mass with a distinct lobulated pattern was continuous with the left caudal lung lobe and compromised other thoracic viscera. The mass was non-cystic and ...
Kuhlman J E - - 1991
Chest CT from eight patients with pulmonary Wegener granulomatosis were reviewed. The CT features of parenchymal lung involvement included multiple nodules or masses (seven of eight; 88%), ranging in size from 0.3 to 5.0 cm. Lung nodules demonstrated distinct feeding vessels in seven of eight patients (88%); and lesions similar ...
Pesce R R - - 1991
A case of Mycobacterium fortuitum presenting as an asymptomatic enlarging pulmonary nodule is described. This case is unusual because the patient was female, did not have underlying pulmonary disease, was not immunocompromised, had no evidence of dissemination, and had no history of aspiration or diabetes mellitus. The patient underwent thoractomy ...
Bawaskar H S - - 1991
Three pairs of scorpion sting victims ((1) daughter and mother, (2) brother and sister and (3) brother and sister) were admitted. In each pair, both were stung by the same scorpion. A patients from each pair were the first stung (initial sting), B patients the second. All A victims of ...
Borges M C MC - - 1991
We encountered a rare case of pulmonary phaeohyphomycosis due to Xylohypha bantiana documented by culture. This dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) fungus is primarily neurotropic. It usually produces phaeohyphomycosis of the central nervous system but may also involve the skin and subcutaneous tissues. The patient, a 49-year-old woman with a history of ...
Panayiotou B N - - 1991
A case of blood eosinophilia with pulmonary infiltrates associated with sulphasalazine therapy in a patient with ulcerative colitis is described. These manifestations resolved when sulphasalazine was ceased and recurred with rechallenge. The failure of recurrence after treatment with mesalazine (5-aminosalicyclic acid in a sustained release preparation) suggests that sulphapyridine is ...
Kin L C - - 1991
A young male who developed ipsilateral pulmonary oedema on two occasions as a complication of treatment of pneumothoraces involving the left lung is reported. The importance of large pneumothoraces, the rapidity of decompression and the application of suction to the pleural space as factors predisposing to the development of re-expansion ...
MacMahon H - - 1991
All detected abnormal findings were recorded for 1085 consecutive chest x-ray examinations. Each finding was classified by descriptive criteria and graded for subtlety. Accuracy of interpretation was evaluated in a randomized sample of 100 cases using follow-up or multiple readers. Seventy percent of standard examinations and 93% of bedside examinations ...
Hamilton T A - - 1991
A one-year-old 3-kg female domestic shorthair cat was diagnosed as having cryptococcosis. Although the cat had no clinical signs referable to the pulmonary system and results of thoracic radiography were normal, organisms were recovered by use of tracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage. In cases of fungal infections, the latter 2 ...
Naeije R - - 1990
A 40 year old man had an episode of severe pulmonary oedema at 4000-5000 m during the ascent of the Margherita peak (5109 m) of Mount Stanley on the Ruwenzori. He had taken acetazolamide and high dose dexamethasone to treat symptoms of acute mountain sickness. Six years before he had ...
Ochiai K - - 1990
A young cat clinically displaying marked ascites had multiple nodule hyperplasia in the liver. One of the nodules sampled at exploratory laparotomy was studied histopathologically. The nodule consisted mainly of hyperplastic hepatocytes with a central stellate scarlike connective tissue. The connective tissue had thick-walled blood vessels and radiating bands of ...
Lear G H - - 1990
Neurogenic pulmonary oedema followed a subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to an arteriovenous malformation in an eight-year-old boy. Despite a complicated course, he made a full recovery. Neurogenic pulmonary oedema is rare in childhood. It is sudden in onset, and potentially fatal, but is amenable to prompt and vigorous treatment.
Maggiorini M - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms and signs of acute mountain sickness of the Swiss Alps. DESIGN: A study using an interview and clinical examination in a representative population of mountaineers. Positive symptoms and signs were assigned scores to quantify the severity of acute mountain sickness. SETTING: Four huts ...
Pusateri D W - - 1990
A 71-year-old man presented with herpes zoster ophthalmicus and ocular involvement. Following the institution of intravenous therapy with acyclovir, the patient developed fever, hemoptysis, and a pleural friction rub. A ventilation-perfusion lung scan showed no defects; roentgenograms showed bilateral infiltrates and a left-sided pleural effusion. The fever abated promptly following ...
Paul K P - - 1990
Pulmonary function was evaluated before and after 15 operations for resection of pulmonary metastases from osteogenic sarcoma. In the whole study group (ten patients, aged 13-18 years) preoperative vital capacity (VC) ranged from 62% to 122% (mean 83%) of predicted normal values for height. The operations were performed via median ...
Persson N H - - 1990
To establish the degree of oedema after thromboembolectomy ad modum Fogarty, leg volume changes were recorded daily in 56 patients. Significant increase was found in the volume of the ipsilateral leg, maximally 12.9 +/- 12% after c. 1 week. The swelling was significantly greater if the popliteal artery had been ...
Breuer R - - 1990
The efficacy of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage for diagnosing 32 episodes of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates was studied in 30 nonAIDS immunocompromised patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage had an overall diagnostic yield of 84% (27 of 32 episodes). Bronchoalveolar lavage was noncontributive in five episodes of pneumonitis: drug induced in one, nonspecific in ...
Fabbretti G - - 1990
We report a new European case of pulmonary dirofilariasis occurring in an Italian patient. The paper emphasizes the peculiar pathological features of Pulmonary Dirofilariasis, that, on clinical and radiological grounds, closely imitates primary or secondary neoplasms. The disease characteristically presents itself as a solitary subpleural coin-like lesion, histologically corresponding to ...
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