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Swallow Rosemary A RA The Welsh Epilepsy Unit, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XW, - - 2002
We report a seizure-related death in a patient with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy 3 months following a previous generalised tonic-clonic seizure complicated by pulmonary oedema. Seizure-related pulmonary oedema is rare but may indicate an increased susceptibility to epilepsy related death. We consider possible preventative measures for patients presenting with seizure-related pulmonary ...
Sami Karti S - - 2002
Only three cases of non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema secondary to high dose verapamil ingestion have been described in the literature. This report describes two girls, who developed pulmonary oedema in the course of massive dose verapamil ingestion (total of 6000 mg and 7200 mg). Left ventricule size and function was normal ...
Sortini A - - 2002
This prospective study, based on 13 patients with single pulmonary nodules of width between 10 and 30 mm, was performed to verify the utility of intrathoracoscopic ultrasound to localize the single pulmonary nodule. In all 13 cases the ultrasound examination was able to localize the position of nodules, but the ...
Weidner W J - - 2002
Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the interparabronchial septa of chickens as a potential site of lymphatic drainage in the avian lung. Anaesthetized chickens were subjected to extracellular fluid volume expansion to produce pulmonary oedema as a result of increased capillary fluid flux into the interstitial spaces of the ...
Ali S Raza - - 2002
We describe the case of a 14-year-old boy who developed airway obstruction due to acute upper respiratory tract infection. Following emergency tracheostomy, he developed pulmonary oedema and required ventilation. The postoperative course was complicated by the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome, characterised by marked respiratory distress, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates ...
Kumar N P - - 2002
Angioedema is a recognised side effect of rofecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. But death resulting from a haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema after its ingestion has not been recorded. The case of a 60 year old man who died from haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema in the presence of angioedema after the ingestion of ...
Fletcher James W - - 2002
The finding of a solitary pulmonary nodule on a chest radiograph is a common problem in pulmonary medicine and is seen in about 1 in 500 chest radiographs. Of the benign lesions, 80% are infectious granulomas, 10% are hamartomas, and the remaining 10% are caused by a variety of rarer ...
Kuroki Masaomi - - 2002
Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules (MPMNs), previously known as minute pulmonary chemodectomas, are relatively rare lesions. They are small (1-3 mm) and often multiple. Pathologically, they represent an interstitial nodular proliferation of small oval or spindle-shape cells arranged in a "zellenballen" nesting pattern. The function and origin of the cells are ...
Rena Ottavio - - 2002
Pulmonary dirofilariasis is a rare entity caused by Dirofilaria, a dog worm that is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. The filarial nematode enters the subcutaneous tissue, travels to the right ventricle, dies and then embolizes the pulmonary vessels causing a small pulmonary infarction, which subsequently appears as a solitary nodule. ...
Nakatsu Masashi - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the large parenchymal nodules in pulmonary sarcoidosis and to describe a new CT sign termed the "sarcoid galaxy." The CT appearance of pulmonary sarcoidosis suggests that the large nodules arise from a coalescence of small nodules. The large nodules are surrounded by ...
Ramasamy Karthikeyan A. - - 2002
A previously healthy 76-year-old woman presented with an acute onset of shortness of breath due to acute pulmonary oedema. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large mobile mass attached to the inter-atrial septum occupying the whole of the left atrium. She was totally asymptomatic prior to this presentation. She was transferred ...
Benvenuti L A - - 2002
A 4 years old boy died a few hours after he had been stung by a scorpion (Tityus serrulatus). At necropsy, there were multiple foci of coagulative myocytolysis in the myocardium and pulmonary oedema. Myocardial necrosis was probably associated with the sympathetic storm induced by scorpion envenomation, and may have ...
Horan Thomas A - - 2002
The locaization of pulmonary nodules by the hook wire technique has allowed accurate resection of small and nonsuperficial pulmonary nodules by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Hook wire localization has been shown efficacious and safe with principal complications limited to pneumothorax, wire dislocation, and localized intrapulmonary hemorrhage. We report a case of ...
Ueda Takuya - - 2002
The authors report the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) appearance of diffuse pulmonary involvement by mycosis fungoides in a 74-year-old woman whose clinical and radiographic manifestations simulated pneumonia. The HRCT showed multiple, dense, peribronchovascular nodules with surrounding ground-glass opacity and several wedge-shape peripheral opacities. The autopsy specimen revealed angiocentric and peribronchovascular ...
Paul R E - - 2002
Life-threatening reactions to radiographic contrast media are rare. We describe a case of fatal non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, after use of iopamidol, a widely used, low osmolar, non-ionic, radiographic contrast medium. A woman with a history of bladder tumour who had haematuria was referred for an intravenous urogram. After intravenous injection ...
Krinsky Glenn A - - 2002
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors performed this study to determine whether, on the basis of the vascular profile, low-grade siderotic dysplastic nodules are premalignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors used a monoclonal antibody specific for smooth muscle actin to stain 18 siderotic low-grade dysplastic nodules (mean size, 0.7 cm) ...
Baldwin F J - - 2002
Ophthalmic surgeons often apply phenylephrine topically to effect pupillary dilatation. We describe a paediatric patient in whom cardiac arrhythmias, severe hypertension and pulmonary oedema occurred following intraoperative ocular phenylephrine administration. We believe that systemic absorption of the drug was responsible and discuss ways in which this might be reduced when ...
Gómez-Merino E - - 2002
We describe the case of a 30-year-old asymptomatic farmer who underwent a pulmonary segmentectomy due to the casual finding of a pulmonary nodule in preoperative chest radiography. As bronchoscopic samples rule out mycobacterium infection and malignancy, surgery could have been avoided with the use of serological tests and radiographic follow-up ...
Taha Samar - - 2002
A 3-year-old child with cerebral palsy developed postextubation upper airway obstruction secondary to laryngospasm and/or masseteric spasm,which may have been triggered by the muscular spasticity and the slow recovery from inhalational anaesthesia associated with cerebral palsy. This upper airway obstruction was followed by negative pressure pulmonary oedema. The patient improved ...
Lingam R K - - 2002
A 56-year-old male with chronic renal failure presented with a 6 month history of progressive dyspnoea. High resolution CT of the chest showed multiple, peripheral, centrilobular nodules in the upper and mid zones, consistent with metastatic pulmonary calcification. Some of these pulmonary nodules showed ring calcification, a pattern that to ...
Waldman A D - - 2001
A case of probable acute granulomatous pulmonary schistosomiasis is described with multiple focal opacities on chest radiography and widespread, but predominantly peribronchovascular, nodules with ground-glass halos on high resolution CT (HRCT). The HRCT appearances in early schistosomiasis have not been described previously. Although the features are not diagnostic and may ...
Tanaka Nobuyuki - - 2002
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the characteristic CT findings of leukemic pulmonary infiltration based on the pathologic findings. The CT findings of 11 leukemic patients with leukemic pulmonary infiltration were compared with those of 22 leukemic patients with other diseases as a control group. Evaluated pulmonary parenchymal ...
Uozumi T - - 2001
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors' purpose was to evaluate the effect of temporal subtraction on digital chest radiographs in the detection of metastatic pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 21 cases with metastatic pulmonary nodule and 21 cases without metastatic nodule. Eleven radiologists, including eight residents and three ...
Tanaka D - - 2001
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify the localization of abnormalities within secondary pulmonary lobules and the changes in follow-up studies of pulmonary atypical mycobacterial infection (AMI) by conventional and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients (16 men and 30 women; 43-84 years) with pulmonary ...
Shad J A - - 2001
We describe a patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) and the rare extraintestinal manifestation of fulminant tracheobronchitis. A 50-year-old man presented with respiratory compromise and bloody diarrhea. His evaluation showed large airway inflammation with fibrinopurulent debris and colonic inflammation and ulcerations consistent with UC. The etiology for the pulmonary pathology was ...
D'Souza R - - 2001
We report a case of neurogenic pulmonary oedema occurring in association with bacterial meningitis. An 87 year old man suddenly developed severe dyspnoea without cardiac failure (MUGA scan ejection fraction 47%). Radiographs showed pulmonary oedema. A few hours later he developed signs of meningitis and lumbar puncture suggested a partially ...
Sakamoto T - - 2001
A new method of marking small pulmonary nodules situated deep within the visceral pleura using a transbronchial approach has been developed. Once the tip of the sheath catheter has passed the tumor and reached the visceral pleura, as confirmed by computed tomography fluoroscopy, indigo carmine is injected through a bronchoscope ...
Lacomis J M - - 2001
Pulmonary cryptococcal infections occur in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals, with a reported increased incidence of diffuse pulmonary disease in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. The authors observed no differences in the radiographic appearances of pulmonary cryptococcal disease between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients and other immunocompromised individuals. Chest ...
Yousem S A - - 2001
Thirteen cases of pulmonary apical cap (PAC), resected for the exclusion of a clinical diagnosis of lung carcinoma, were reviewed, and their distinctive morphology was described. PAC occurred in older individuals, particularly in the apices of the upper lobes, and by radiographic examination appeared as spiculated subpleural masses ranging from ...
Matsumoto K - - 2001
We present a case of uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis associated with multiple pulmonary metastases with bullae-like cystic change. A 53-year-old woman who had undergone hysterectomy 5 years previously underwent an operation for multiple pulmonary nodules with bullae formation. After resection of several large bullae, a subsequent extirpation of the pulmonary nodules ...
Moertel C L - - 2001
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis, a rare condition in children, affects the lungs primarily but may have significant extrapulmonary manifestations, especially in the central nervous system. We report a case of lymphomatoid granulomatosis with onset after the completion of chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Two months after treatment ended, the 7-year-old girl ...
Sellami D - - 2001
Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules are often incidentally discovered during pathologic evaluation of pulmonary parenchymal specimens. These lesions were once thought to represent pulmonary chemodectomas, but pathological studies have shown that they are not of neuroendocrine origin. Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules are benign, perhaps reactive in nature, but are occasionally found ...
Krüger S - - 2001
Pulmonary manifestations of pyoderma gangrenosum are relatively rare. We report the case of a 45-year-old patient with multiple pulmonary nodules with central necrosis as assessed by CT scan. The patient had a 4-year history of pyoderma gangrenosum with only minor skin manifestations. A CT-guided, fine-needle biopsy of the lung revealed ...
Reinschmidt J P - - 2001
Percutaneous localization of pulmonary nodules in five patients was performed utilizing suture-ligated embolization microcoils and CT guidance. Each localization was performed prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection of the targeted nodules. Each suture-ligated microcoil was placed within 1.0 cm of the targeted pulmonary nodule. The attached suture served as a ...
Crawley F - - 2001
Acute pulmonary oedema and headache are both common. The former is usually cardiogenic in origin. Severe headache of sudden onset in a young person may be suggestive of subarachnoid headache. We describe a 24-year-old man who presented with headache and pulmonary oedema, finally ascribed to multiple sclerosis. This is the ...
van Iperen C E - - 2001
The day after undergoing neck dissection, a 42-year-old woman developed acute dyspnoea due to pulmonary oedema. Measurements with a Swan-Ganz catheter revealed not only cardiac depression but also a greatly increased peripheral vascular resistance: 5,400 dyn x s x cm(-5)/m2. A phaeochromocytoma with acute cardiac failure leading to pulmonary oedema ...
Tomiyama N - - 2000
A respiratory gating technique was developed to allow computed tomography-guided needle biopsy of small pulmonary nodules. Twenty-three pulmonary nodules less than 15 mm in diameter underwent biopsy with the use of this technique. There were 14 true-positive, eight true-negative, and one false-negative result (diagnostic accuracy, 96%). The diagnostic accuracy for ...
Martinoli C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the value of color Doppler imaging as an adjunct to gray-scale sonography to reveal the intra- or extraparotid origin of jugulodigastric nodules of uncertain location. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty nodules in the jugulodigastric area from 38 patients were imaged with gray-scale, ...
Morimoto N - - 2000
We describe a case of pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) with chylothorax that developed in a 46-year-old Japanese woman. This patient exhibited clinical symptoms of dyspnea and chest X-ray showed right pleural effusion. Thoracocentesis demonstrated chylous effusion. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple cystic lesions. Subsequent thoracoscopy revealed the chylorrhea from ...
Chai L - - 2000
Pulmonary metastases from choriocarcinoma can very rarely give rise to a 'miliary' pattern on the chest X-ray. A 23-year-old woman with a diffuse nodular pattern on chest X-ray died due to acute respiratory failure and cor pulmonale. At autopsy, choriocarcinoma of the uterus was found. In the lungs, multiple macrovascular ...
Wasowska-Królikowska K - - 2000
Pulmonary oedema with severe, dramatic course following CNS injury was termed neurogenic pulmonary oedema (NPO). NPO was mainly described as a consequence of grand mal seizures, subarachnoid bleeding, intracranial bleeding or head injury. However, the pathogenesis of NPO is not entirely clear yet. In the majority of cases, early or ...
Sako T - - 2000
A 73-year-old woman had a 4-year history of lung fibrosis from collagen vascular disease. She presented with a complaint of dry cough. A chest radiograph showed a 2-cm solitary pulmonary nodule with a small cavity in the right lower lobe. Preoperatively, we performed computed tomography of the chest and measured ...
Ohfuji S - - 2000
The coronary arteries of a 6-year-old Holstein-Friesian cow showed dysplastic lesions characterized by the following vascular changes: irregular, aneurysmal dilation; intimal fibrosis associated with myointimal cells; aberrant internal elastic lamina; oedema and mast cell infiltrates; and variation in the thickness of the media, including tortuosity with irregular dilation of the ...
Piampiano P - - 2000
Two boys presented with variable signs and symptoms of infectious disease that challenged diagnosis. One of the two patients had aortic valve vegetations and lower extremity aneurysms, and the other had calvarial osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, pleural effusions, and pulmonary nodules. Only after a battery of bacterial and fungal agglutination tests ...
Kirou K A - - 2000
A 34-year-old African-American female diagnosed earlier with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, uveitis, and pulmonary nodules, developed a subclavian artery aneurysm, and generalized annular osteosclerotic lesions with disabling arthralgias. Biopsies from bone and lymph node revealed non-caseating granulomas and no evidence of malignancy or infection, confirming the clinical impression ...
Jordan S - - 2000
Postpneumonectomy pulmonary oedema (PPO) develops in approximately 5% of patients undergoing pneumonectomy or lobectomy, and has a high associated mortality (>50%). In its extreme form, PPO follows a clinical and histopathological course indistinguishable from acute respiratory distress syndrome. Perioperative fluid overload, impaired lymphatic drainage following node dissection and trauma caused ...
Sartori C - - 2000
High altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) is a paradigm of pulmonary oedema that occurs in otherwise healthy subjects and thereby allows us to study underlying mechanisms in the absence of damning factors. Exaggerated pulmonary hypertension, which is related at least in part to endothelial dysfunction, is a hallmark of high-altitude pulmonary ...
Saab M - - 2000
A case of acute pulmonary oedema after smoke inhalation from a chip pan fire is presented. The role of bronchial and pulmonary circulation in the development of pulmonary oedema after smoke inhalation is discussed. We stress the importance not only of observation after smoke inhalation, as the manifestation of pulmonary ...
Kittle C F - - 2000
The evolution of pulmonary lobectomy during the past six centuries is presented. The anesthetic problems of an open thorax, the absence of antibiotics, and the absence of radiology initially complicated thoracic surgery. Surgical pioneers differed strongly on the best techniques for lobectomy. Concurrence in their opinions evolved by the formation ...
Heyneman L E - - 2000
We assessed the high-resolution CT findings of pulmonary leukemic infiltrates. High-resolution CT findings of pulmonary leukemic infiltrates reflect the predilection of leukemic cells to involve the perilymphatic pulmonary interstitium.
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