Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 470
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Forrest L J - - 1998
Thoracic radiographs of 25 cats with pulmonary metastatic disease and confirmed primary tumors were reviewed retrospectively. Pulmonary patterns of metastasis were divided into three categories, described as well-defined interstitial nodules, ill-defined interstitial nodules or a diffuse pulmonary pattern. The latter consisted of an alveolar pattern with or without ill-defined pulmonary ...
Kim D E - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to compare power Doppler sonography with conventional color Doppler sonography for the detection of the vascularity of hepatocellular carcinomas after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. Of the 93 embolized hepatocellular carcinomas, hypervascularity was demonstrated in 36 on angiography; power Doppler sonography correctly identified pulsatile flow signals ...
Bitzer M - - 1998
The correlation between angiographic neovascularization, peritumoural brain oedema (PTBOe) and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), was analysed in 30 patients with intracranial meningiomas. Pre-operative angiograms were examined for the existence of either an exclusively dural tumour blush or an additionally pial tumour supply from cerebral arteries. Furthermore ...
Stastny B - - 1998
Acute postnatal pulmonary oedema due to transient myocardial dysfunction is an uncommon cause of respiratory distress in neonates. Among 11,732 liveborns we observed 3 term neonates with this condition requiring mechanical ventilation. After a delivery mildly to moderately suggestive of subpartum hypoxia, good adaptation and a short symptom free interval ...
Berry W L - - 1997
A captive king cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) was evaluated for a subacute onset of ataxia in all four limbs. The ataxia appeared to be spinal in origin, evidenced by apparent conscious proprioceptive deficits in all limbs, and there was no evidence of cerebellar involvement. Anesthesia was performed and survey spinal radiographs ...
Nishiyama T - - 1997
PURPOSE: An unusual case of a giant ovarian cyst was successfully anaesthetized with a combination of epidural followed by general anaesthesia. The method was chosen to avoid circulatory depression and re-expansion pulmonary oedema in removal of a giant tumour in a woman who did not understand the nature of her ...
Drent M - - 1997
Four case histories are reported in which the initial signs and symptoms were those of pulmonary infiltration and in which subsequently a diagnosis of myelodysplasia was made. The analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid--demonstrating predominantly neutrophils and lymphocytes, and, occasionally blast cells as well as plasma cells--indicated that the pulmonary infiltration ...
Milanez de Campos J R - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic aspects of 24 cases of human pulmonary dirofilariasis (HPD) from São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective study of 24 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HPD over a 14-year period (from February 1982 to June 1996). SETTING: Thoracic Surgery and Pulmonary Division, ...
Murakami T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether helical CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) improves detection of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) when used in conjunction with helical CT obtained during arterial portography (CTAP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred two patients with 254 hypervascular HCC nodules underwent both CTHA and CTAP. CTHA and CTAP were separately ...
Sosolik R C - - 1997
MOC-31 expression has recently been advocated as an immunohistochemical marker for distinguishing mesothelioma from adenocarcinoma in tissue sections. We studied formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 23 pleural mesotheliomas and 23 primary pulmonary adenocarcinomas for immunoreactivity with anti-MOC-31, a human epithelial-related antigen. All of the 23 adenocarcinomas strongly expressed the marker, whereas ...
Pouchelon J L - - 1997
A 10-year-old male cat was presented with sudden onset of respiratory difficulties. Clinical examination revealed an acute dyspnoea with cyanosis associated with a left systolic heart murmur. Standard thoracic radiographs excluded pulmonary oedema and showed very few pulmonary changes given the intensity of the respiratory compromise. Echocardiographic examination revealed hypertrophic ...
Simpson V R - - 1997
Mercury poisoning was diagnosed in four dairy heifers, three of which died. The clinical signs were variable and included salivation, excessive thirst, extreme depression and severe diarrhoea. Postmortem examinations revealed inflammation and ulceration of the alimentary tract, pulmonary and cardiac haemorrhages, pallor of the kidney cortices and perirenal oedema. The ...
Greenfield A L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The value of sonographic guidance during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was studied in 13 patients with one or more peripheral pulmonary nodules who later underwent wedge resection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: After a review of the chest radiographs and CT scans of each patient, sonographic guidance for VATS was requested ...
Kaki A - - 1997
PURPOSE: To review the literature on airway and respiratory management following non-lethal (suicidal) hanging and to describe the anatomy, injury and pathophysiological sequelae and their impact on patient care. SOURCE: A Medline literature search of English-language and English-abstracted papers for 1990-96. Keywords were hanging; strangulation; airway obstruction; pulmonary oedema. Filters ...
Ebi N - - 1997
A 47-year-old man died from fatal pulmonary hemorrhage. Cardiac angiosarcoma with lung metastases was found at postmortem examination. His chest radiograph showed bilateral, diffuse nodular infiltrates without cardiomegaly. No cardiac signs and symptoms were observed. The clinical outcome was rapidly fatal. Angiosarcoma of the heart should be suspected in patients ...
Nakajo M - - 1997
Adrenocortical scintigraphy was examined as an indicator of therapeutic success in aldosteronomas treated by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with absolute ethanol (AE). METHODS: Adrenocortical scintigraphy was performed 7 days after intravenous injection of 37 MBq 131I-6-beta-iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol before and after TAE. Complete or incomplete therapeutic success was determined by periodic measurements ...
Nieminen U - - 1997
We report a patient with Sjögren's syndrome and multiple gastrointestinal manifestations who successfully responded to therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid. Our patient had sialoadenitis with dry mouth, dry eyes, arthralgia, chronic pancreatitis, sclerosing cholangitis, and pulmonary infiltrations. The first signs of disease were the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis followed by icterus, ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1997
We developed a new method for thoracoscopically localizing pulmonary nodules using a tactile sensor. This sensor was originally designed to probe the hardness of an object, which is represented by changes in resonance frequency of the sensor (delta f: Hz). By moving over the lung surface, the sensor probe, introduced ...
Hida Y - - 1996
Recent advances in endoscopic surgical equipment, video monitoring, and endoscopic surgical techniques have expanded the application of thoracoscopic surgery to pulmonary resection. One of the major limitations of this technique is the difficulty in identifying invisible pulmonary nodules in which manual palpation is not possible. To resolve this problem, we ...
Sato H - - 1996
A case of pulmonary embolism showing a longstanding solitary pulmonary nodule is presented. An asymptomatic 57 year-old man with a solitary nodule in the right lower lobe was referred to our hospital. A pulmonary perfusion-ventilation scan following a sudden onset of dyspnoea established the diagnosis of recurrent pulmonary embolism. The ...
Brenner S A - - 1996
Cladophialophora bantiana causes a rare phaeohyphomycosis, usually manifested by brain abscesses but rarely by skin or pulmonary lesions. It has not been reported as a common colonizer or as a cause of pulmonary symptoms in patients with AIDS. We present a case in which C. bantiana was repeatedly isolated from ...
Okano J - - 1996
A 20-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) died of intraperitoneal bleeding from ruptured HCC, which was diagnostic from hemorrhagic ascites. At autopsy, a small nodule covered with hematogenous deposits was noted in the pelvic cavity near the left iliac artery. Microscopic findings showed that this was a ruptured metastatic nodule ...
Droma Y - - 1996
We present a case of high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) with pulmonary hypertension and polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMN) accumulation in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), which occurred in a 21 year old man. Plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) concentration in BALF were elevated on admission, and returned to normal level at ...
Gascoigne A - - 1996
Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is a recognised but rare complication following the rapid drainage of a large pleural effusion or pneumothorax [1,2], usually occurring on the side of re-inflation. The pathogenesis of the pulmonary oedema is poorly understood but is thought to be due to micro-vascular shearing resulting in neutrophil activation ...
Desai D K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cardiac abnormalities by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography (echo-Doppler) in hypertensive crises in pregnancy (HCP) complicated by pulmonary oedema and identify pathogenic factors. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, South Africa. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen patients with HCP complicated by pulmonary oedema over a ...
Yamamoto T - - 1996
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is supplied only with arterial blood and has capillaries instead of sinusoids, unlike the normal hepatic tissue. In order to reveal the sequential changes of sinusoidal structure and blood supply during hepatocarcinogenesis, we examined hyperplastic nodules (HPN), atypical hyperplastic nodules (AHPN) and HCC in F344 rats fed ...
Weber C K - - 1996
A-52-year-old patient presented with a 2-year history of multiple myeloma, recurrent episodes of hypercalcemia, and extensive bone involvement. She developed pulmonary infiltrates, initially misdiagnosed as interstitial pneumonia. High-resolution computed tomography and bone scintiscanning indicated pulmonary calcification, which was confirmed by a transbronchial biopsy. Cytostatic treatment of multiple myeloma in combination ...
Yang X - - 1996
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: By performing pulmonary specimen angiographies, the authors attempted to determine the pathologic correlations of the vascular-related radiologic manifestations within, at the edge of, and adjacent to the small solitary pulmonary masses, and to evaluate their usefulness in differentiating small bronchogenic carcinomas from tuberculomas. METHODS: A total of ...
Bäcklund M - - 1996
A 73-year-old woman with cardiac dysfunction had several episodes of severe bradycardia and pulmonary oedema when waiting for peripheral vascular surgery. She used timolol eye drops for primary open-angle glaucoma. The first episode of pulmonary oedema occurred two weeks prior to and the second on the day before the planned ...
de Kerviler E - - 1996
A patient treated with fluoxetin for a manic depressive disorder developed pulmonary inflammatory nodules with noncaseating giant cell granulomas, interstitial pneumonia and non-necrotizing vasculitis, whilst remaining asymptomatic. A progressive resolution of pulmonary nodules occurred after withdrawal of the offending agent, and the chest radiograph returned to normal in 9 months. ...
Nomori H - - 1996
To localize a deeply situated small pulmonary nodule during thoracoscopic resection, we developed as instrument a so-called "endofinger" for tactile localization of the nodule, and examined its usefulness. An attempt was made in 26 patients, using endofinger palpation under thoracoscopy, to localize twenty-six pulmonary nodules, each of which was less ...
Lin T W - - 1996
A 35-year-old male sustained a full-skin thickness chemical burn involving 60 per cent of TBSA when hydrochloric acid was applied to his face, trunk and extremities by his girlfriend. Debridements and skin graftings were performed smoothly and he was doing well until day 23 after injury, when massive GI tract ...
Hiroshima K - - 1996
A 71 year old man was admitted for the purpose of diagnosis of a right solitary pulmonary nodule. The size of the nodule was 18 x 18 mm in diameter 2 years ago, but it has become large, 25 x 25 mm in diameter. The nodule was resected by thoracotomy. ...
Koch S M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To present the first photographed bronchoscopic findings associated with negative pressure pulmonary oedema (NPPE). CLINICAL FEATURES: A previously healthy patient underwent anterior C3-C4 disc removal and arthrodesis. Following tracheal extubation he developed acute respiratory distress manifested as stridor, tachypnoea, restlessness, and desaturation. Once the trachea was reintubated, he displayed ...
Webber M D - - 1995
Cardiovascular involvement occurs in 30% to 50% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and typically presents as nonspecific inflammation or fibrosis of cardiac structures or as nodules embedded in the various cardiac tissues. This case report describes a unique pedunculated, mobile left atrial rheumatoid nodule prolapsing through the mitral valve plane ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1995
BACKGROUND: We developed a new tactile sensor that could quantify the hardness of objects as changes in the resonance frequency of the sensor (delta f). We have applied it to thoracoscopic operations for the localization of small invisible nodules in the lung. METHODS: When the sensor probe was moved over ...
Jamadar D A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: We describe the CT appearance of pulmonary zygomycosis (mucormycosis), an opportunistic infection typically occurring in immunocompromised patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with pulmonary zygomycosis imaged with CT were reviewed, seven at initial diagnosis and one with a subsequent complication. The appearance, number, and location of pulmonary lesions and ...
Morris M J - - 1995
A 28-year-old man had a left pneumothorax and diffuse reticulonodular infiltrates. He subsequently had a right pneumothorax and manifested bilateral recurrences after treatment of the initial pneumothoraces. Pulmonary angiocentric immunoproliferative lesion was diagnosed by open lung biopsy. Treatment with combination chemotherapy improved the infiltrates, but failed to prevent another pneumothorax. ...
Rocha M O - - 1995
The clinical and radiological pulmonary manifestations in the initial phase of schistosomiasis mansoni were studied in thirty previously healthy individuals who were simultaneously infected. The findings were compared with those concerning a control group and related to possible pathogenetic factors. The respiratory manifestations were of light or of moderate intensity, ...
Barth P J - - 1995
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the oxidation product of nitric oxide (NO), is a reactive free radical forming gas, the inhalation of which has been reported to induce severe damage to distal airways. In order to quantify dose and time course of parenchymal and vascular damage, rats were exposed to 5, 10 ...
Pons M - - 1995
The prevalence of pulmonary oedema during scuba-diving is unknown. In our referral centre for diving accidents we have observed several episodes of pulmonary oedema in four previously healthy persons while scuba-diving or swimming. Four events were documented by physical findings, typical chest radiographic changes, and arterial hypoxaemia. Four additional episodes ...
González Cabo J F - - 1995
A case of fatal pulmonary infection in a female tortoise (Tachemys scripta) imported into Spain from Cuba is reported. Necropsy revealed general pulmonary congestion with pleuritis and a large number of yellowish nodules of the granulomatous type, similar to aspergillomata. Histological examination showed some infiltration of round cells, surrounding a ...
Kanazawa S - - 1995
We developed a stainless steel spring hookwire, 0.28 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length, with a 30-cm-long, 5-0 nylon monofilament suture firmly attached to its funnel-shaped end. A 21-gauge, 10-cm-long cannula was used as an introducer, and a 24-gauge, 10-cm-long blunt-pointed needle as a pusher. The hookwire was ...
Leifsson P S - - 1995
Rabbit antisera raised against somatic antigens from two strains of Actinomyces pyogenes reacted specifically in a peroxidase anti-peroxidase technique which was developed for the location of the bacteria in formalin-fixed tissues. The technique was applied on experimental murine and spontaneous bovine lesions caused by A. pyogenes. By electron microscopy and ...
Pirisi M - - 1995
An immunocompetent man developed malaise, fever, progressive weight loss, eosinophilia, and transient pulmonary infiltrates that responded to steroid treatment but recurred after its discontinuation. Examinations of feces, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and pulmonary tissue obtained during a 50-day period of hospitalization yielded negative results. When a new bronchoalveolar lavage sample and ...
Schwarz C D - - 1994
Peripheral undefined pulmonary nodules have become a favorable indication for the videoendoscopic approach in thoracic surgery. In our latest experience, we also successfully applied this technique in centrally located lesions of the lung. In reviewing our first 29 cases, we looked for preoperative features of videoendoscopic resectability. From March 1992 ...
Singh P P - - 1994
This is a case of a 28-yr-old man who underwent general anaesthesia for emergency repair of a right lid laceration and lacrimal apparatus. Following induction of anaesthesia and local nasal application of phenylephrine (0.25%) he developed transient elevation of blood pressure, which was treated immediately with labetalol. Subsequently the patient ...
Adelman H M - - 1994
Rheumatoid arthritis is a multi-system disease. Pulmonary manifestations and complications include pleural disease, pulmonary infections, pneumonitis and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, bronchogenic carcinoma, arteritis with pulmonary hypertension, obliterative bronchiolitis, bronchiectasis, and amyloidosis. Pulmonary rheumatoid nodules, including rheumatoid pneumoconiosis (Caplan's Syndrome), can result in spontaneous pneumothorax. In this article, the authors present ...
Batungwanayo J - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To study the demographic, clinical, radiographic and diagnostic features, the clinical course and therapeutic response of pulmonary cryptococcosis in HIV-1-infected patients. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: The Department of Medicine of an urban reference hospital in Central Africa. METHODS: All the records of HIV-1-infected patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis were reviewed ...
Perera L - - 1994
Human pulmonary dirofilariosis usually appears as a solitary pulmonary nodule. A 22 kDa antigen from Dirofilaria immitis adult worms specifically recognized by three sera from individuals diagnosed with pulmonary dirofilariosis was identified by enzyme-linked-immunoelectrotransfer blot. This antigen was purified by elution from acrylamide gels and evaluated in enzyme-linked immunoassay using ...
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