Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 523
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Kobashi Yoshihiro - - 2004
A 56-year-old man with a past history of surgical resection of a primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma in the right upper lobe was admitted to our hospital because of a rapidly increasing solitary nodule (50x30 mm) in the right S5 followed on the chest computed tomography (CT) for three months. Although we ...
Ginsberg Michelle S - - 2004
Pulmonary tumorlets are defined in pathologic terms as benign localized neuroendocrine cell proliferations a few millimeters in size that are usually associated with damaged and ectatic small airways. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency with which pulmonary tumorlets can be seen on CT and to describe ...
Furgeson Darin Y - - 2004
Non-viral polymer/pDNA complexes were formed using linear polyethylenimine (LPEI) Mw 25 k conjugated to cholesterol in a T-shaped geometry (LPC-T) and pDNA encoding murine interleukin-12 (pmIL-12e). These complexes were subsequently injected weekly into BALB/c mice intravenously and locally for the treatment of murine renal cell adenocarcinoma (Renca) induced pulmonary metastases ...
Mulabecirovic A - - 2004
We retrospectively evaluated 107 fiberoptic bronchoscopies with and without transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) in 98 consecutive patients with haematologic malignancies and pulmonary infiltrates. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed in 45 and BAL plus TBLB in 62 procedures. There was no procedure-related severe haemorrhage, pneumothorax or death. Infectious aetiology was identified ...
Paci Massimiliano - - 2004
The present international system for staging lung cancer classifies multiple pulmonary nodules present in one pulmonary lobe or in distinct ipsilateral or controlateral pulmonary lobes as stage IIIB and IV, respectively. In our opinion this approach does not guarantee the patient the best choice of therapy. Moreover, some studies support ...
Mori Shin-ichiro - - 2004
An asymptomatic patient with a pulmonary coin lesion surgically diagnosed with pulmonary dirofilariasis caused by infection with Dirofilaria immitis (D. immitis) is presented. The preoperative stored serum of the patient was positive for D. immitis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A family study showed that three of five family members ...
Mokta Jatinder Kumar - - 2004
A-23-year-old medical student, resident of an altitude of 700 meters, developed dyspnea and cough during a temple visit at an altitude of 2200 m within 10 hours of arrival and his symptoms improved on descending and with 100% oxygen. Chest skiagram and CT scan chest revealed soft fluffy shadows on ...
Isogai Rieko - - 2004
Angiosarcoma of the face and scalp of the elderly frequently recurs locally, metastasizes early despite various treatments, and has a poor prognosis. We describe a patient who had angiosarcoma of the scalp with pulmonary metastasis. Local recurrence occurred after excision and local and arterial administration of IL-2. A weekly administration ...
Lee Hyun Ju - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the radiologic findings of pulmonary blastoma on chest radiograph and CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest radiographs and CT scans of five patients with pathologically proven pulmonary blastoma were retrospectively evaluated and radiologic findings were correlated with histopathologic findings. RESULTS: On chest radiograph, the pulmonary blastoma manifested as ...
Sato Mitsuo - - 2004
We report a 74-year-old woman with cervical cancer who developed pulmonary cryptococcosis which presented as a solitary focal ground-glass opacity (GGO) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Serial HRCT showed the progression from the GGO to a discrete solid nodule. We hypothesize that the initial GGO may correspond pathologically to partial ...
Borchers T - - 2004
A 12-year-old boy presented with left shoulder pain during physical exercise and complained of uncommon sweating and fatigue. Diagnostic evaluation revealed a solitary pulmonary nodule in the left upper lobe. All laboratory values were within normal limits, except for an elevated level of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies directed against myeloperoxidase (p-ANCA). ...
Silveira Keyla S O - - 2004
Pulmonary mechanics [static (Est) and dynamic (Edyn) elastances, resistive (DeltaP1) and viscoelastic pressures (DeltaP2)], histology, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from BALB/c mice were analysed 1, 24, 48 and 72 h after intravenous injection of saline or Bothrops jararaca crude venom [0.3 (V0.3) or 1 (V1) microg.g(-1)]. Est, Edyn, and ...
Mumtaz Hamid - - 2004
Our patient, a resident of Arkansas, presented with a solitary pulmonary nodule for lung resection to rule out primary lung cancer. However, pathologic examination showed the lung nodule to be a granuloma secondary to dirofilariasis. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis is a rare zoonotic disease caused by Dirofilariasis immitis (dog heartworm) that ...
Maggiorini M - - 2003
Pulmonary hypertension is a hallmark of high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) and of congestive right heart failure in subacute mountain sickness (SMS) and chronic mountain sickness (CMS) in the Himalayas and in the end-stage of CMS (Monge's disease) in the Andes. There are studies to suggest that transmission of excessively elevated ...
Yamada Shunsuke - - 2003
A 38-year-old man, who had undergone surgery for gastric cancer one year previously, was found to have two pulmonary nodules (PNs: 10 mm in diameter) on chest radiography. Computed tomography (CT) revealed one of these nodules to be located near the B6b in the right lung hilus, while the other ...
Tschirch F T C - - 2003
We report on a 59-year-old male patient who suffered from dyspnea, cough and hemoptysis. Initial chest X-ray revealed a prominent right pulmonary artery (RPA) and MR imaging showed a "filling defect" within the main pulmonary trunk and RPA indicating pulmonary thromboembolic disease. Despite systemic anticoagulation, symptoms progressed. Follow-up CT showed ...
Ravenel James G - - 2003
The pulmonary vasculitides are a heterogeneous group of inflammatory disorders that may be primarily localized to the pulmonary vasculature or be systemic in nature. The primary pulmonary vasculitides usually affect small vessels, whereas the systemic vasculitides can involve any size pulmonary vessels. For all types of vasculitis, there is a ...
Epiphanio S - - 2003
Clinical information was available for 32 of 33 New World primates with fatal toxoplasmosis, all of which were subjected to a variable number of pathological observations. Death without apparent clinical signs occurred in 43.7% of cases. The most common clinical findings were malaise (40.6%), dyspnoea (18.7%), hypothermia (15.6%) and a ...
Kim Tae Sung - - 2003
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of imaging-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of metastatic pulmonary nodules caused by hepatocellular carcinoma. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is feasible and can be a promising method for the local control of metastatic pulmonary nodules caused by hepatocellular carcinoma, especially when they are ...
Freeman Alexandra F AF Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2003
Symptomatic pulmonary manifestations of Kawasaki disease (KD) are uncommon. However, epidemiologic, radiologic, and histologic studies have indicated that respiratory symptoms and findings occur in KD and suggest that the KD agent may have a respiratory portal of entry. We report on three young infants with KD who developed pulmonary nodules, ...
Bärtsch Peter - - 2003
Altitude, speed and mode of ascent and, above all, individual susceptibility are the most important determinants for the occurrence of high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE). This illness usually develops only within the first 2-5 days after acute exposure to altitudes above 2500-3000 m. An excessive rise in pulmonary artery pressure ...
Fitzpatrick Sinead - - 2003
Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is a well-recognized rare complication of the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. It has been associated with death in 20% of cases. A fit 20-year-old man who had returned from holiday 2 days previously presented with a large left-sided pneumothorax of 10 days' duration. He had exhibited symptoms ...
Chee V W - - 2003
Acute intraoperative ischaemic cerebral oedema following torrential haemorrhage from the left intracranial internal carotid artery occurred during resection of a recurrent middle cranial fossa meningioma. A series of immediate anaesthetic interventions was effective in reducing brain oedema, allowed for surgical haemostasis, and resulted in no permanent sequelae to patient outcome. ...
Chan David P N - - 2003
A patient with cystic pulmonary metastases, from epithelioid sarcoma of the thigh, resulting in bilateral pneumothoraces is presented. The pulmonary metastases superficially resembled pneumomatoceles and were not visible on radiography. Computed tomography examinations over a 10-month period showed no change in the size or number of the cystic metastases, though ...
Egenvall A - - 2003
A syndrome of acute dyspnoea after hunting in 16 Swedish hunting dogs is characterised. Radiographic pulmonary infiltrates interpreted as pulmonary oedema were found in the acute stage. In 12 dogs, the infiltrates regressed after five to 14 days. Subendocardial necrosis and pulmonary oedema were found at postmortem examination in four ...
Morcos S K - - 2003
The pulmonary adverse effects of intravascular use of water soluble radiographic contrast media (RCM) include bronchospasm, pulmonary oedema and increase in the pulmonary arterial blood pressure (Ppa). Symptomatic bronchospasm is rare but subclinical increase in airways resistance is common after intravascular injection of RCM. Experimental studies have demonstrated that the ...
Tomita Masaki - - 2003
A 74-year-old man, with a history of colon cancer resection and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) resection of pulmonary metastases, was found to have a left pulmonary nodule near the previous staple-line. The size of this nodule increased during follow-up. Because of this clinical course, this nodule was considered to be ...
Halpern Pinchas - - 2003
SCUBA diving has become a popular sport, with an increasing number of people participating in it. Although it is an essentially very safe activity, several specific medical problems are associated with diving. The present paper addresses diving-related pulmonary oedema, which is a rarely reported condition. It has been described mostly ...
Hsu Yung-Hsiang - - 2003
Acute pulmonary oedema usually has a fatal outcome. In this clinical report, we present rare cases of pulmonary oedema that were associated with Japanese B encephalitis, lymphangitis in breast carcinoma, fat embolism due to long-bone fracture, and the rupture of cerebral mycotic aneurysms. A total of 18 patients in the ...
Saito Hajime - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Widespread clinical use of helical computed tomography has improved the detection rate for small peripheral pulmonary nodules. As a result, use of thoracoscopic surgery to confirm the diagnosis of small peripheral pulmonary nodules has become more important than ever before. However, if small peripheral pulmonary nodules are too small ...
Sartori C - - 2002
Pulmonary oedema is a life-threatening condition that frequently leads to acute respiratory failure. From a physiological perspective, pulmonary oedema develops either because of an increase in lung vascular hydrostatic pressure or an increase in lung vascular permeability. Resolution of alveolar oedema depends on the active removal of salt and water ...
Gowrinath K - - 2002
A case of re-expansion pulmonary oedema (RPO) following chest tube insertion for left spontaneous pneumothorax is reported. There were no severe symptoms and routine chest radiograph done four hours after tube thoracostomy showed features of pulmonary oedema in the re-expanded left lung. RPO is an uncommon complication of rapid pleural ...
Ariyürek Macit O - - 2002
We present CT findings of a young woman who has bilateral pulmonary nodules mimicking metastases. Clinical presentation with active multiple pulmonary macronodules without cavitation responsive to treatment is an atypical manifestation of pulmonary tuberculosis. We reviewed the causes of multiple pulmonary nodules, role of radiological findings in differential diagnosis and ...
Swallow Rosemary A RA The Welsh Epilepsy Unit, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XW, - - 2002
We report a seizure-related death in a patient with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy 3 months following a previous generalised tonic-clonic seizure complicated by pulmonary oedema. Seizure-related pulmonary oedema is rare but may indicate an increased susceptibility to epilepsy related death. We consider possible preventative measures for patients presenting with seizure-related pulmonary ...
Sami Karti S - - 2002
Only three cases of non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema secondary to high dose verapamil ingestion have been described in the literature. This report describes two girls, who developed pulmonary oedema in the course of massive dose verapamil ingestion (total of 6000 mg and 7200 mg). Left ventricule size and function was normal ...
Sortini A - - 2002
This prospective study, based on 13 patients with single pulmonary nodules of width between 10 and 30 mm, was performed to verify the utility of intrathoracoscopic ultrasound to localize the single pulmonary nodule. In all 13 cases the ultrasound examination was able to localize the position of nodules, but the ...
Weidner W J - - 2002
Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the interparabronchial septa of chickens as a potential site of lymphatic drainage in the avian lung. Anaesthetized chickens were subjected to extracellular fluid volume expansion to produce pulmonary oedema as a result of increased capillary fluid flux into the interstitial spaces of the ...
Ali S Raza - - 2002
We describe the case of a 14-year-old boy who developed airway obstruction due to acute upper respiratory tract infection. Following emergency tracheostomy, he developed pulmonary oedema and required ventilation. The postoperative course was complicated by the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome, characterised by marked respiratory distress, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates ...
Kumar N P - - 2002
Angioedema is a recognised side effect of rofecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. But death resulting from a haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema after its ingestion has not been recorded. The case of a 60 year old man who died from haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema in the presence of angioedema after the ingestion of ...
Fletcher James W - - 2002
The finding of a solitary pulmonary nodule on a chest radiograph is a common problem in pulmonary medicine and is seen in about 1 in 500 chest radiographs. Of the benign lesions, 80% are infectious granulomas, 10% are hamartomas, and the remaining 10% are caused by a variety of rarer ...
Kuroki Masaomi - - 2002
Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules (MPMNs), previously known as minute pulmonary chemodectomas, are relatively rare lesions. They are small (1-3 mm) and often multiple. Pathologically, they represent an interstitial nodular proliferation of small oval or spindle-shape cells arranged in a "zellenballen" nesting pattern. The function and origin of the cells are ...
Rena Ottavio - - 2002
Pulmonary dirofilariasis is a rare entity caused by Dirofilaria, a dog worm that is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. The filarial nematode enters the subcutaneous tissue, travels to the right ventricle, dies and then embolizes the pulmonary vessels causing a small pulmonary infarction, which subsequently appears as a solitary nodule. ...
Nakatsu Masashi - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the large parenchymal nodules in pulmonary sarcoidosis and to describe a new CT sign termed the "sarcoid galaxy." The CT appearance of pulmonary sarcoidosis suggests that the large nodules arise from a coalescence of small nodules. The large nodules are surrounded by ...
Ramasamy Karthikeyan A. - - 2002
A previously healthy 76-year-old woman presented with an acute onset of shortness of breath due to acute pulmonary oedema. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large mobile mass attached to the inter-atrial septum occupying the whole of the left atrium. She was totally asymptomatic prior to this presentation. She was transferred ...
Benvenuti L A - - 2002
A 4 years old boy died a few hours after he had been stung by a scorpion (Tityus serrulatus). At necropsy, there were multiple foci of coagulative myocytolysis in the myocardium and pulmonary oedema. Myocardial necrosis was probably associated with the sympathetic storm induced by scorpion envenomation, and may have ...
Horan Thomas A - - 2002
The locaization of pulmonary nodules by the hook wire technique has allowed accurate resection of small and nonsuperficial pulmonary nodules by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Hook wire localization has been shown efficacious and safe with principal complications limited to pneumothorax, wire dislocation, and localized intrapulmonary hemorrhage. We report a case of ...
Ueda Takuya - - 2002
The authors report the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) appearance of diffuse pulmonary involvement by mycosis fungoides in a 74-year-old woman whose clinical and radiographic manifestations simulated pneumonia. The HRCT showed multiple, dense, peribronchovascular nodules with surrounding ground-glass opacity and several wedge-shape peripheral opacities. The autopsy specimen revealed angiocentric and peribronchovascular ...
Paul R E - - 2002
Life-threatening reactions to radiographic contrast media are rare. We describe a case of fatal non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, after use of iopamidol, a widely used, low osmolar, non-ionic, radiographic contrast medium. A woman with a history of bladder tumour who had haematuria was referred for an intravenous urogram. After intravenous injection ...
Krinsky Glenn A - - 2002
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors performed this study to determine whether, on the basis of the vascular profile, low-grade siderotic dysplastic nodules are premalignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors used a monoclonal antibody specific for smooth muscle actin to stain 18 siderotic low-grade dysplastic nodules (mean size, 0.7 cm) ...
Baldwin F J - - 2002
Ophthalmic surgeons often apply phenylephrine topically to effect pupillary dilatation. We describe a paediatric patient in whom cardiac arrhythmias, severe hypertension and pulmonary oedema occurred following intraoperative ocular phenylephrine administration. We believe that systemic absorption of the drug was responsible and discuss ways in which this might be reduced when ...
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