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Results 151 - 200 of 485
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Lindell Rebecca M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate retrospectively the computed tomographic (CT) findings in immunocompetent patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained with a waiver of informed consent, and the study complied with requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Chest CT scans of 10 immunocompetent ...
Ware L B - - 2005
Although overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 165 in the lung causes pulmonary oedema, its role in human acute lung injury (ALI) is unclear. VEGF levels are reported to be lower in bronchoalveolar lavage from ALI patients compared with normals, but these studies did not include a comparably ill ...
Senior Mark - - 2005
To review information on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of post-anaesthetic pulmonary oedema in horses. Pubmed 1970-present, personal files.
Deshpande S B - - 2005
The experiments were conducted to identify the toxin that produces pulmonary oedema in Mesobuthus tamulus (BT) envenomed animals. Crude BT venom was subjected to Sephadex gel filtration (G-75) and the fractions were screened for optical density (OD), neurotoxicity (prolongation of compound action potential in frog sciatic nerve) and lethality. All ...
McLaughlin N - - 2005
Like systolic dysfunction (SD), diastolic dysfunction (DD) has recently been proposed as a contributing factor in haemodynamic instability and in the genesis of pulmonary oedema, but its occurrence in subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients has not been described. Following aneurysmal SAH, three patients arrived at our institution with haemodynamic instability requiring ...
Barlesi Fabrice - - 2005
We describe a 66-year-old woman with recently diagnosed cT2N0 mouth cancer and multiple hypo-dense pulmonary nodules discovered on a computed tomographic chest scan. These nodules were located in the anterior part of the right upper and middle lobe and were resected thoracoscopically. Histologic examination of these nodules revealed a lipoid ...
Koito Kazumitsu - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of enhanced sonography using arterial injection of pure carbon dioxide gas (CO(2)) for detecting small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed enhanced sonography on 51 HCC nodules of 35 patients with HCC. The patients underwent enhanced sonography with two methods: injection of ...
Heo Jeong-Nam - - 2005
Pulmonary sarcoidosis was recently reported to show the "sarcoid galaxy" sign, indicating large pulmonary nodules composed of coalescent small nodules. The purpose of this study was to review cases of pulmonary tuberculosis showing CT features indistinguishable from the sarcoid galaxy sign. Large nodules arising from the coalescence of small nodules ...
Chang Ying-Shan - - 2005
Primary pulmonary cryptococcosis is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms and radiologic findings are non-specific. Further, pulmonary cryptococcal infections are extremely rare in individuals with normal immunity. This case report describes a case of primary pulmonary cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent individual who presented with left upper lobe collapse due to ...
Hatipoglu Ciğdem Ataman - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary involvement is a rare manifestation of brucellosis. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and forms of pulmonary involvement in the course of brucellosis. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in 110 patients with brucellosis. All the patients were evaluated with their pulmonary symptoms, ...
Beng Sim Tiong - - 2004
Re-expansion pulmonary oedema (REPO) after chest tube drainage of pneumothorax is uncommon. We contrast one patient with life threatening against another mildly symptomatic REPO occurring in our emergency department (ED). The mechanism and management of REPO differs distinctly from that of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. We discuss the predictors of REPO, ...
Boll Daniel T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess physiologic lung deformation and compression originating from cardiovascular motion and their subsequent impact on determining the volume of small pulmonary nodules throughout the cardiac cycle on ECG-gated MDCT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three small noncalcified pulmonary nodules were identified in 30 patients ...
Kobashi Yoshihiro - - 2004
A 56-year-old man with a past history of surgical resection of a primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma in the right upper lobe was admitted to our hospital because of a rapidly increasing solitary nodule (50x30 mm) in the right S5 followed on the chest computed tomography (CT) for three months. Although we ...
Ginsberg Michelle S - - 2004
Pulmonary tumorlets are defined in pathologic terms as benign localized neuroendocrine cell proliferations a few millimeters in size that are usually associated with damaged and ectatic small airways. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency with which pulmonary tumorlets can be seen on CT and to describe ...
Furgeson Darin Y - - 2004
Non-viral polymer/pDNA complexes were formed using linear polyethylenimine (LPEI) Mw 25 k conjugated to cholesterol in a T-shaped geometry (LPC-T) and pDNA encoding murine interleukin-12 (pmIL-12e). These complexes were subsequently injected weekly into BALB/c mice intravenously and locally for the treatment of murine renal cell adenocarcinoma (Renca) induced pulmonary metastases ...
Mulabecirovic A - - 2004
We retrospectively evaluated 107 fiberoptic bronchoscopies with and without transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) in 98 consecutive patients with haematologic malignancies and pulmonary infiltrates. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed in 45 and BAL plus TBLB in 62 procedures. There was no procedure-related severe haemorrhage, pneumothorax or death. Infectious aetiology was identified ...
Paci Massimiliano - - 2004
The present international system for staging lung cancer classifies multiple pulmonary nodules present in one pulmonary lobe or in distinct ipsilateral or controlateral pulmonary lobes as stage IIIB and IV, respectively. In our opinion this approach does not guarantee the patient the best choice of therapy. Moreover, some studies support ...
Mori Shin-ichiro - - 2004
An asymptomatic patient with a pulmonary coin lesion surgically diagnosed with pulmonary dirofilariasis caused by infection with Dirofilaria immitis (D. immitis) is presented. The preoperative stored serum of the patient was positive for D. immitis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A family study showed that three of five family members ...
Mokta Jatinder Kumar - - 2004
A-23-year-old medical student, resident of an altitude of 700 meters, developed dyspnea and cough during a temple visit at an altitude of 2200 m within 10 hours of arrival and his symptoms improved on descending and with 100% oxygen. Chest skiagram and CT scan chest revealed soft fluffy shadows on ...
Isogai Rieko - - 2004
Angiosarcoma of the face and scalp of the elderly frequently recurs locally, metastasizes early despite various treatments, and has a poor prognosis. We describe a patient who had angiosarcoma of the scalp with pulmonary metastasis. Local recurrence occurred after excision and local and arterial administration of IL-2. A weekly administration ...
Lee Hyun Ju - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the radiologic findings of pulmonary blastoma on chest radiograph and CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest radiographs and CT scans of five patients with pathologically proven pulmonary blastoma were retrospectively evaluated and radiologic findings were correlated with histopathologic findings. RESULTS: On chest radiograph, the pulmonary blastoma manifested as ...
Sato Mitsuo - - 2004
We report a 74-year-old woman with cervical cancer who developed pulmonary cryptococcosis which presented as a solitary focal ground-glass opacity (GGO) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Serial HRCT showed the progression from the GGO to a discrete solid nodule. We hypothesize that the initial GGO may correspond pathologically to partial ...
Borchers T - - 2004
A 12-year-old boy presented with left shoulder pain during physical exercise and complained of uncommon sweating and fatigue. Diagnostic evaluation revealed a solitary pulmonary nodule in the left upper lobe. All laboratory values were within normal limits, except for an elevated level of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies directed against myeloperoxidase (p-ANCA). ...
Silveira Keyla S O - - 2004
Pulmonary mechanics [static (Est) and dynamic (Edyn) elastances, resistive (DeltaP1) and viscoelastic pressures (DeltaP2)], histology, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from BALB/c mice were analysed 1, 24, 48 and 72 h after intravenous injection of saline or Bothrops jararaca crude venom [0.3 (V0.3) or 1 (V1) microg.g(-1)]. Est, Edyn, and ...
Mumtaz Hamid - - 2004
Our patient, a resident of Arkansas, presented with a solitary pulmonary nodule for lung resection to rule out primary lung cancer. However, pathologic examination showed the lung nodule to be a granuloma secondary to dirofilariasis. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis is a rare zoonotic disease caused by Dirofilariasis immitis (dog heartworm) that ...
Maggiorini M - - 2003
Pulmonary hypertension is a hallmark of high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) and of congestive right heart failure in subacute mountain sickness (SMS) and chronic mountain sickness (CMS) in the Himalayas and in the end-stage of CMS (Monge's disease) in the Andes. There are studies to suggest that transmission of excessively elevated ...
Yamada Shunsuke - - 2003
A 38-year-old man, who had undergone surgery for gastric cancer one year previously, was found to have two pulmonary nodules (PNs: 10 mm in diameter) on chest radiography. Computed tomography (CT) revealed one of these nodules to be located near the B6b in the right lung hilus, while the other ...
Tschirch F T C - - 2003
We report on a 59-year-old male patient who suffered from dyspnea, cough and hemoptysis. Initial chest X-ray revealed a prominent right pulmonary artery (RPA) and MR imaging showed a "filling defect" within the main pulmonary trunk and RPA indicating pulmonary thromboembolic disease. Despite systemic anticoagulation, symptoms progressed. Follow-up CT showed ...
Ravenel James G - - 2003
The pulmonary vasculitides are a heterogeneous group of inflammatory disorders that may be primarily localized to the pulmonary vasculature or be systemic in nature. The primary pulmonary vasculitides usually affect small vessels, whereas the systemic vasculitides can involve any size pulmonary vessels. For all types of vasculitis, there is a ...
Epiphanio S - - 2003
Clinical information was available for 32 of 33 New World primates with fatal toxoplasmosis, all of which were subjected to a variable number of pathological observations. Death without apparent clinical signs occurred in 43.7% of cases. The most common clinical findings were malaise (40.6%), dyspnoea (18.7%), hypothermia (15.6%) and a ...
Kim Tae Sung - - 2003
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of imaging-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of metastatic pulmonary nodules caused by hepatocellular carcinoma. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is feasible and can be a promising method for the local control of metastatic pulmonary nodules caused by hepatocellular carcinoma, especially when they are ...
Freeman Alexandra F AF Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2003
Symptomatic pulmonary manifestations of Kawasaki disease (KD) are uncommon. However, epidemiologic, radiologic, and histologic studies have indicated that respiratory symptoms and findings occur in KD and suggest that the KD agent may have a respiratory portal of entry. We report on three young infants with KD who developed pulmonary nodules, ...
Bärtsch Peter - - 2003
Altitude, speed and mode of ascent and, above all, individual susceptibility are the most important determinants for the occurrence of high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE). This illness usually develops only within the first 2-5 days after acute exposure to altitudes above 2500-3000 m. An excessive rise in pulmonary artery pressure ...
Fitzpatrick Sinead - - 2003
Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is a well-recognized rare complication of the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. It has been associated with death in 20% of cases. A fit 20-year-old man who had returned from holiday 2 days previously presented with a large left-sided pneumothorax of 10 days' duration. He had exhibited symptoms ...
Chee V W - - 2003
Acute intraoperative ischaemic cerebral oedema following torrential haemorrhage from the left intracranial internal carotid artery occurred during resection of a recurrent middle cranial fossa meningioma. A series of immediate anaesthetic interventions was effective in reducing brain oedema, allowed for surgical haemostasis, and resulted in no permanent sequelae to patient outcome. ...
Chan David P N - - 2003
A patient with cystic pulmonary metastases, from epithelioid sarcoma of the thigh, resulting in bilateral pneumothoraces is presented. The pulmonary metastases superficially resembled pneumomatoceles and were not visible on radiography. Computed tomography examinations over a 10-month period showed no change in the size or number of the cystic metastases, though ...
Egenvall A - - 2003
A syndrome of acute dyspnoea after hunting in 16 Swedish hunting dogs is characterised. Radiographic pulmonary infiltrates interpreted as pulmonary oedema were found in the acute stage. In 12 dogs, the infiltrates regressed after five to 14 days. Subendocardial necrosis and pulmonary oedema were found at postmortem examination in four ...
Morcos S K - - 2003
The pulmonary adverse effects of intravascular use of water soluble radiographic contrast media (RCM) include bronchospasm, pulmonary oedema and increase in the pulmonary arterial blood pressure (Ppa). Symptomatic bronchospasm is rare but subclinical increase in airways resistance is common after intravascular injection of RCM. Experimental studies have demonstrated that the ...
Tomita Masaki - - 2003
A 74-year-old man, with a history of colon cancer resection and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) resection of pulmonary metastases, was found to have a left pulmonary nodule near the previous staple-line. The size of this nodule increased during follow-up. Because of this clinical course, this nodule was considered to be ...
Halpern Pinchas - - 2003
SCUBA diving has become a popular sport, with an increasing number of people participating in it. Although it is an essentially very safe activity, several specific medical problems are associated with diving. The present paper addresses diving-related pulmonary oedema, which is a rarely reported condition. It has been described mostly ...
Hsu Yung-Hsiang - - 2003
Acute pulmonary oedema usually has a fatal outcome. In this clinical report, we present rare cases of pulmonary oedema that were associated with Japanese B encephalitis, lymphangitis in breast carcinoma, fat embolism due to long-bone fracture, and the rupture of cerebral mycotic aneurysms. A total of 18 patients in the ...
Saito Hajime - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Widespread clinical use of helical computed tomography has improved the detection rate for small peripheral pulmonary nodules. As a result, use of thoracoscopic surgery to confirm the diagnosis of small peripheral pulmonary nodules has become more important than ever before. However, if small peripheral pulmonary nodules are too small ...
Sartori C - - 2002
Pulmonary oedema is a life-threatening condition that frequently leads to acute respiratory failure. From a physiological perspective, pulmonary oedema develops either because of an increase in lung vascular hydrostatic pressure or an increase in lung vascular permeability. Resolution of alveolar oedema depends on the active removal of salt and water ...
Swallow Rosemary A - - 2002
We report a seizure-related death in a patient with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy 3 months following a previous generalised tonic-clonic seizure complicated by pulmonary oedema. Seizure-related pulmonary oedema is rare but may indicate an increased susceptibility to epilepsy related death. We consider possible preventative measures for patients presenting with seizure-related pulmonary ...
Gowrinath K - - 2002
A case of re-expansion pulmonary oedema (RPO) following chest tube insertion for left spontaneous pneumothorax is reported. There were no severe symptoms and routine chest radiograph done four hours after tube thoracostomy showed features of pulmonary oedema in the re-expanded left lung. RPO is an uncommon complication of rapid pleural ...
Ariyürek Macit O - - 2002
We present CT findings of a young woman who has bilateral pulmonary nodules mimicking metastases. Clinical presentation with active multiple pulmonary macronodules without cavitation responsive to treatment is an atypical manifestation of pulmonary tuberculosis. We reviewed the causes of multiple pulmonary nodules, role of radiological findings in differential diagnosis and ...
Sami Karti S - - 2002
Only three cases of non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema secondary to high dose verapamil ingestion have been described in the literature. This report describes two girls, who developed pulmonary oedema in the course of massive dose verapamil ingestion (total of 6000 mg and 7200 mg). Left ventricule size and function was normal ...
Sortini A - - 2002
This prospective study, based on 13 patients with single pulmonary nodules of width between 10 and 30 mm, was performed to verify the utility of intrathoracoscopic ultrasound to localize the single pulmonary nodule. In all 13 cases the ultrasound examination was able to localize the position of nodules, but the ...
Weidner W J - - 2002
Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the interparabronchial septa of chickens as a potential site of lymphatic drainage in the avian lung. Anaesthetized chickens were subjected to extracellular fluid volume expansion to produce pulmonary oedema as a result of increased capillary fluid flux into the interstitial spaces of the ...
Ali S Raza - - 2002
We describe the case of a 14-year-old boy who developed airway obstruction due to acute upper respiratory tract infection. Following emergency tracheostomy, he developed pulmonary oedema and required ventilation. The postoperative course was complicated by the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome, characterised by marked respiratory distress, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates ...
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