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Vieira Isabela Garcia - - 2009
Pulmonary amyloidosis is an uncommon disease, characterized by extracellular deposition of fibrillary protein in the lungs. It appears in three forms: tracheobronchial, nodular pulmonary, and alveolar septal. There are few reports of long-term observation of primary pulmonary amyloidosis. We present the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with fever, ...
Ishiguro Takashi - - 2009
A 17-year-old-man developed left-sided pneumothorax in 1995. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a thick-walled cavity in the left lower lobe. Video-assisted thoracic surgery was performed, and pathologic findings of the resected lung showed a cavity, organizing hematoma, and a fibrous nodule. Fragility of connective tissue was suspected, and biochemical and ...
Godoy Myrna C B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the thoracic radiologic findings of chronic granulomatous disease in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the chest radiographic and CT findings in four adults with chronic granulomatous disease during five episodes of lower respiratory tract infection. RESULTS: Chest radiographic findings ...
Dempsie Yvonne Y Integrative and Systems Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. - - 2008
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease in which pulmonary arterial pressure is raised, leading to right heart failure. Survival is poor despite current therapeutic strategies. The 'serotonin hypothesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension' arose in the 1960s following an 'epidemic' of pulmonary arterial hypertension in women taking the indirect serotinergic agonist ...
Sierra-Bergua B - - 2008
Choriocarcinoma is an aggressive tumour. Uncommonly, it spreads distantly, and rarely results in pulmonary and brain metastases. Its prognosis is generally good when treated. We report a 33-year-old woman with fever, haemoptysis and asthenia. One month after the appearance of metrorrhagia, she was diagnosed to have choriocarcinoma with pulmonary metastasis. ...
Creagh-Brown B C - - 2008
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a disorder which causes progressive pulmonary hypertension, usually presenting with worsening dyspnoea and right heart failure. Pulmonary oedema induced by pulmonary vasodilator therapy to reduce pulmonary arterial pressure has been well described in PVOD, but here we describe a case of PVOD presenting with recurrent ...
Sosnowski Marcin A - - 2008
Opiates have traditionally been used as one of the main treatments of acute heart failure and are still recognized as such. Most current textbooks and official guidelines advise the use of morphine as one of the first-line treatments for patients in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema and a majority of physicians ...
Sankatsing S U C - - 2008
In this report we describe a patient with recurrent episodes of acute pulmonary oedema after aortic and mitral valve surgery. The first episode of pulmonary oedema was caused by mitral valve dysfunction. The second episode of pulmonary oedema was not clearly associated with a mitral valve problem, but reoperation was ...
Abildgaard A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The detection of small nodules in pulmonary multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) data sets is challenging, and there is a need for visualization techniques that can improve reader sensitivity and efficiency. We have developed a subvolume rendering technique ("Softslice") with nonlinear, symmetrical modulation of the relative signal intensity along the ...
Benigni L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic appearance of pulmonary oedema in cats with cardiac failure. METHODS: Thoracic radiographs of 23 cats presented to a first opinion practice with signs of cardiac failure were reviewed. All cats had tachypnoea and/or dyspnoea and enlarged left atrium on echocardiography. RESULTS: Pulmonary oedema was characterised ...
Satoh Shiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with a high b factor can be used to differentiate malignancies from benign pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 54 pulmonary nodules (>or= 5 mm in diameter) in 51 consecutive patients (37 men, 14 women; ...
Vertemati Maurizio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore how morphometry can minimize subjectivity in the assessment of liver nodules in cirrhosis using a novel classification tool. STUDY DESIGN: Ten hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 6 large regenerative nodules (LRN), and 34 regenerative (cirrhotic) nodules (RN), obtained from cirrhotic explant livers, were analyzed using a Kontron-Zeiss KS400 image ...
Yang Hyun Suk - - 2008
A 63-year-old lady presented with syncope and atypical chest pain. Conventional two-dimensional (2D) contrast echocardiogram showed a highly vascular mass compressing the right atrium without direct communication. A real-time three-dimensional echocardiogram (RT3DE) revealed its outer spatial relationship with the surrounding structures and its inner heterogeneity as well. A chest computed ...
Murugesan C - - 2008
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by sudden onset of respiratory distress, infiltrates on radiographs consistent with pulmonary oedema, hypoxaemia and increased work in breathing. Infiltrates on radiographs are bilateral, but may be patchy or diffuse and fluffy or dense. It is associated with absence of left heart failure ...
Burt Jeremy R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: With the widespread use of cardiac multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), the issue of incidental findings is receiving increasing attention. Our objectives were to evaluate the prevalence of incidental findings discovered during cardiac MDCT scanning and to identify clinical variables associated with incidental findings. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis involved ...
Meehan John J - - 2008
Thermal sealing devices, such as the LigaSure (ValleyLab-Tyco Healthcare; Boulder, CO) or Gyrus PK (Gyrus ACMI, Maple Grove, MN) are minimally invasive instruments that can be used to seal the pulmonary parenchyma in pediatric lung resections. But these devices were only available in laparoscopic form, and no robotically similar instruments ...
Anguel Nadia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Weaning-induced cardiogenic pulmonary oedema is a cause of weaning failure that is classically diagnosed by an increase in pulmonary artery occlusion pressure during a spontaneous breathing trial. During cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, a hypo-oncotic fluid is filtered toward the interstitial space. Thus, we tested whether the changes in plasma protein ...
Takahashi Masashi - - 2008
Computed tomography findings of pathologically proven pulmonary infarction associated with bronchogenic carcinoma are reported for two patients. In one case, the infarction was demonstrated as a well-defined pleura-based large nodule in the peripheral portion of the same lobe of the tumor. The nodule had a smooth, convex border and a ...
Makaryus John N - - 2009
Neurological conditions such as stroke, subarachnoid haemorrhage and seizure activity, amongst others, have been associated with the development of pulmonary oedema. The development of clinically significant pulmonary oedema and severe myocardial dysfunction in the setting of acute multiple sclerosis (MS) exacerbation is very rare and poorly understood. The association between ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2008
An 83-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome was admitted to our hospital due to dyspnea and abnormal shadows on chest X-ray films during corticosteroid therapy for organizing pneumonia. He was diagnosed as having disseminated cryptococcosis with pulmonary lesions after detecting Cryptococcus neoformans. Both bilateral pleural effusion with or without ipsilateral pulmonary ...
Willekes Lourens - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become routine and widely accepted for the removal of solitary pulmonary nodules of unknown etiology. Thoracosopic techniques continue to evolve with better instruments, robotic applications, and increased patient acceptance and awareness. Several techniques have been described to localize peripheral pulmonary nodules, including pre-operative CT-guided ...
Khalaf Majid - - 2008
The most common semiquantitative method of evaluation of pulmonary lesions using 18F-FDG PET is FDG standardized uptake value (SUV). An SUV cutoff of 2.5 or greater has been used to differentiate between benign and malignant nodules. The goal of our study was to investigate the correlation between the size of ...
Treasure Tom - - 2008
The practice of pulmonary metastasectomy is widespread. A web-based survey run as part of the ESTS Working Group on pulmonary metastasectomy has provided some insights into similarities and variations in belief and practice [Internullo E, Cassivi S, Van Raemdonck D, Friedel G, Treasure T. Pulmonary metastasectomy: the state of the ...
Nakajima Jun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of thoracoscopic techniques for pulmonary metastasectomy is controversial because small metastatic foci might be missed without thorough finger palpation of the lung. METHODS: We retrospectively examined preoperative findings of helical computed tomography and pathologic findings of pulmonary nodules obtained by open thoracotomy, including median sternotomy or thoracoscopy, ...
Araya J - - 2007
AIMS: To determine whether, in view of the massive inflammatory cell infiltration and the rounded rather than wedge-shaped character of pulmonary lesions in dirofilariasis, the inflammatory response against the worm contributes to the coagulative necrosis, in addition to an ischaemic process. METHODS AND RESULTS: The histopathological features of 13 resected ...
Lin Ming-shian - - 2007
Actinomycosis is an uncommon disease, which is usually manifested as cervicofacial infection and related to poor oral hygiene or compromised immune function. Pulmonary actinomycosis is rare, but its diagnosis is changing due to its variable presentation and the similarity in appearance to other intrapulmonary diseases. Here we report an 80-year-old ...
Crosara S - - 2008
A 12-year-old, male Yorkshire terrier was presented for acute pulmonary oedema. Thoracic radiographs showed a linear metallic foreign body within the cardiac silhouette. Echocardiogram showed a hyperechoic line extending through the left ventricle, the mitral valve, leading into the left atrium. A 4 cm long Kirschner wire was surgically removed ...
Arora R - - 2007
Venous air embolism (VAE) is a well known complication in procedures where the operative field is above the level of the heart. Acute pulmonary oedema after a large air embolus occurring during neurosurgery is also a recognized phenomenon. However, pulmonary oedema following repeated episodes of VAE in sublabial transsphenoidal (SLTS) ...
Song Moo-Kon - - 2007
Pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) is a term first suggested by Kradin and Mark to describe one or more pulmonary nodules or localized lung infiltrates consisting of reactive lymphoid proliferation. To date, there have been only a few cases of pulmonary NLH reported associated with autoimmune disorders. There is no ...
Agaimy Abbas - - 2007
Carney triad is a rare non-hereditary condition affecting young females and characterized by metachronous or synchronous occurrence of epithelioid gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs), pulmonary chondroma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma. The genetic alterations in Carney triad-related GISTs have not been well studied. We evaluated GISTs from three females with incomplete Carney triad ...
Song Dong Eun - - 2007
We describe a case of villotrophoblastic pulmonary nodule with a hitherto unrecognized implantation site intermediate trophoblasts (ISITs) in an asymptomatic 19-year-old woman, who had an induced abortion 1 month before the discovery of a pulmonary nodule. This 8-mm-sized nodule was incidentally identified on chest computed tomography during routine postoperative follow-up ...
Winger David I - - 2007
Pulmonary hyalinizing granulomata are rare, noninfectious, fibrosing lesions of the lung, which can mimic metastatic disease radiographically. Their etiology is unknown, but they may be caused by an exaggerated immune response. We report the radiology, long clinical course, and pathology of a patient with pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma who presented with ...
van Ede Annelies - - 2007
Although nodulosis is a common extraarticular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis, accelerated pulmonary nodulosis is a rare event. The etiology of rheumatoid nodules is still unknown. Nodulosis is not necessarily associated with active joint inflammation, suggesting different pathogenic mechanisms for nodule formation and synovial tissue inflammation. We describe a patient with ...
Sternberg David I - - 2007
Almost 125 years after the first documented case, pulmonary metastasectomy is still poorly understood. No other organ is subject to the wide histologic variety of metastatic insults, and this fact has complicated a complete exposition of when pulmonary metastasectomy may be beneficial. Many physicians still consider pulmonary metastatic disease to ...
van der Merwe Liesel L - - 2008
Spirocercosis is a disease occurring predominantly in Canidae, caused by the nematode Spirocerca lupi. Typical clinical signs are regurgitation, vomiting and dyspnoea. The life-cycle involves an intermediate (coprophagous beetle) and a variety of paratenic hosts. Larvae follow a specific migratory route, penetrating the gastric mucosa of the host, migrating along ...
Shin Jae Seung - - 2007
Two patients presented with potentially fatal pulmonary oedema after accidental exposure to nitric and hydrofluoric acid fumes during electroplating. Despite aggressive respiratory support, one succumbed to respiratory failure 3.5h after inhalation. The other patient also rapidly progressed to respiratory failure. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) was started 5h after exposure at ...
Hsu Hsao-Hsun - - 2007
This case report describes the treatment of reperfusion lung oedema after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy using intravenous iloprost infusion in a 52-year-old woman diagnosed with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
Khan Aftab A - - 2007
We report a 65-year-old man presenting with recurrent pulmonary metastases 20 years after an appendectomy for mucinous cystadenocarcinoma with pseudomyxomatous peritonei. He underwent bilateral staged metastatectomies for metastases 7 years after the diagnosis and further metastasectomy after a recent recurrence. This is a rare case of recurrent pulmonary metastatic mucinous ...
Schattenberg T - - 2007
Epitheloid hemangioendothelioma is a vascular tumour with an epitheloid appearance, originating from endothelial cells. Although it is a slow growing tumour, extensive pulmonary involvement, intrathoracic spread, and systemic spread have been documented. We present a case of epitheloid hemangioendothelioma of the lung in a patient with an initial diagnosis made ...
Calatayud J - - 2007
We describe a 67-year-old white woman with a long-standing active rheumatoid arthritis who refused treatment. Chest roentgenograms performed in 2000 revealed a pulmonary nodule in the mid-left lung. Progression of the nodule was followed annually by computerized tomography (CT). In the last CT in 2002, we observed multiple nodules in ...
Bastos A L - - 2007
The authors aim to report the chest CT findings of a patient with disseminated cysticercosis, emphasising the pulmonary and cardiac features. The main finding consisted of multiple pulmonary, cardiac and chest wall nodules. The present case demonstrates that cysticercosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multiple pulmonary nodules, ...
Yonemori K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the clinical features and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of solitary pulmonary granulomas caused by the Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) complex. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a series of 73 consecutive patients with solitary pulmonary granuloma and negative sputum smear and culture results, in whom the diagnosis was ...
Sogabe Osanori - - 2007
A 68-year-old woman with symptoms of dyspnea and peripheral edema was referred to our hospital. Chest computed tomography (CT) scans revealed a huge mass occupying the pulmonary trunk and invading the right main pulmonary artery, with metastatic nodules in the left main and left lower pulmonary artery. She was given ...
Moon Jae Hoon - - 2006
Most hypervascular nodules in a cirrhotic liver are hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs); however, some are benign hypervascular hyperplastic nodules. We report a case of benign hypervascular hyperplastic nodules in a 41-year-old male patient without hepatitis B or C virus infection, with a history of alcohol abuse, and diagnosed with an aortic ...
Vermeijden Wytze J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: We report two drowning victims with hypothermic circulatory arrest who were resuscitated with the use of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). The first patient developed severe post-bypass pulmonary oedema and inspired us to use a leucocyte-depletion filter in the second patient to attenuate leucocyte-mediated pulmonary reperfusion injury. METHODS: In the first ...
Watanabe Atsushi - - 2007
We sometimes run across difficulty in dissection of the pulmonary arteries due to dense pleural adhesions and bleeding from the pulmonary artery during the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. In these cases, conversion of the VATS approach to open thoracotomy is a requisite. The presence of an easy and safe ...
Pereda J - - 2006
Pentoxifylline exhibits rheological properties that improve microvascular flow and it is widely used in vascular perfusion disorders. It also exhibits marked anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting tumour necrosis factor alpha production. Thiopental is one of the most widely used drugs for rapid induction of anaesthesia. During experimental studies on the treatment ...
Tokunaga Toshiteru - - 2006
A 72-year-old woman with a diagnosis of suspected rheumatoid arthritis was admitted with multiple pulmonary nodules in the bilateral lung field. To obtain a diagnosis, a nodule was resected using video-assisted thoracic surgery. Microscopically, amorphous eosinophilic acellular substances were surrounded by inflammatory infiltrates, which were confirmed to be amyloid deposits ...
Bali Harinder K - - 2006
Hypertension and episodic pulmonary oedema are known complications of bilateral renovascular disease. However, significant proteinuria has not been reported in this setting. We describe a patient who presented with recurrent pulmonary oedema and nephrotic syndrome, and was found to have bilateral renal artery stenosis. Percutaneous angioplasty and stenting led to ...
Endara S A - - 2006
Pulmonary myofibroblastic pseudotumors are rare surgical pathologies, of unknown origin, with benign behavior and a good prognosis if completely resected. We present a 21-year-old male with a solitary pulmonary nodule found during a routine chest X-ray with CT scan confirmation. After a 16-month follow-up, the nodule increased in size and ...
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