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Montorsi Piero P Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Cardiovascular Section, University of Milan, Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been found to frequently precedes the onset of coronary artery disease (CAD), representing an early marker of subclinical vascular disease, included CAD. Its recognition is, therefore, a "window opportunity" to prevent a coronary event by aggressive treatment of cardiovascular risk factors. The artery size hypothesis (ASH) ...
Walsh Maia E ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells Trust, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, - - 2014
Cerebral aneurysms most commonly present with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a catastrophic event. However, 11-15% of unruptured aneurysms are symptomatic, with presentations including seizures, unilateral cranial nerve deficits, visual loss, headache, and ischemia. Of patients presenting with seizures, the semiology described includes speech arrest, "feelings of dread," localized pins and needles, ...
Pavlinec Jonathan G JG Department of Urology, USF Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Penile revascularization is a surgical treatment option for erectile dysfunction (ED) in healthy individuals due to a focal arterial occlusion in the absence of generalized vascular disease. Most described failures have been attributed to graft stenosis or disruption of the anastomosis. We report a novel phenomenon called Penile Artery Shunt ...
Chamorro-Rengifo Juliana J Programa de Pós-Graduação em Entomologia, Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36570-900, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.; Email: - - 2014
Males of most species of crickets and katydids produce species-specific calling songs to attract conspecific females. The typical stridulatory apparatus of the Ensifera consists of a file-and-scraper system in the basal dorsal region of the forewings (tegmina): the file on the underside of the cubital vein of one tegmen is ...
Lu Hong - - 2012
Aortic aneurysms are relatively common maladies that may lead to the devastating consequence of aortic rupture. AAAs (abdominal aortic aneurysms) and TAAs (thoracic aortic aneurysms) are two common forms of aneurysmal diseases in humans that appear to have distinct pathologies and mechanisms. Despite this divergence, there are numerous and consistent ...
Cao Christopher - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for patients with ischemic heart disease is dependent on the patency of the selected conduit. The left internal thoracic artery is considered to be the best conduit for CABG. However, the preferred conduit between the radial artery (RA) and saphenous ...
Petersen Johannes - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the assumed influence of the number of renal arteries, the distribution and extent of renal artery stenosis (RAS), and the kidney length on calcified aortic atherosclerotic plaque burden. METHODS: The computed tomographic angiographies of 1381 patients were analyzed retrospectively using a volumetric aortic calcium scoring method. The ...
Ito Nobuhisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic vessel harvesting is a minimally invasive technique that is often used with coronary artery bypass grafting. There are some reports on long-term results of endoscopic vein harvesting; however, there are few reports on endoscopic artery harvesting. We assessed the long-term results and efficacy of the endoscopic radial artery ...
Habib Joseph - - 2012
Assessment of collateral circulation to the hand is required prior to invasive procedures or harvesting of the radial artery (RA). A modified Allen's test (MAT) is commonly used to assess palmar arch collaterals. A variety of non-invasive methods including digital pressures, plethysmography, pulse oximetry and duplex ultrasonography are available to ...
Habib Robert H - - 2012
We aimed to determine whether the reported late survival benefit of radial artery (RA) versus saphenous vein (SV) grafting in the general coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) population is maintained in elderly patients aged 70 years or older. We reviewed our 1996 to 2007 experience in 2,120 elderly patients ...
Yorgun Hikmet - - 2012
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) and coronary artery disease share common risk factors. We investigated the frequency and predictors of RAS among hypertensive patients who underwent elective coronary angiography. A total of 832 hypertensive patients underwent coronary and renal angiography at the same session. Renal artery stenosis was classified as mild, ...
Lee Ji Hyun - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Although a series of trials support the intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotid artery as a good predictor for the cardiovascular events in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the link between IMT, vascular elastic property and the disease activity of RA is not defined. We investigated the association between carotid ...
Fukunaga Naoto - - 2012
A 44-year-old woman was transferred to our institution because of blunt chest trauma. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed decompression of the right ventricle resulting from pericardial effusion. Her hemodynamic condition was worsening gradually, and the decision was made to take the patient to the operating room. After releasing a large amount of ...
Cianci Rosario - - 2012
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a cause of hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. The incidence of this disorder is probably less than 1% in patients with mild hypertension, but rises to as high as 10 to 40% in patients with acute, severe or refractory hypertension. Significant RAS can be caused by ...
Dimitrova Kamellia R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the effect of different conduits on the progression of atherosclerosis in previously revascularized coronary territories. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2010, 4,960 patients were discharged alive after primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with a left internal thoracic artery (LITA) conduit and additional conduits as ...
Patel Tejas - - 2012
A small caliber or significant tortuosity of radial artery (RA) may create difficulty in negotiating a 6F or 7F guide catheter while performing intervention through transradial approach. We describe a technique which helps tracking a guide catheter in such demanding situation for successful completion of procedure without increasing the chance ...
Gur O - - 2012
AIM: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most common procedures performed to improve blood supply to myocardium. The characteristics of grafts, mechanical stress and pharmacological agents have substantial influence on the short and long term graft patency. Lidocaine is among the most frequently used antiarrhythmic agents perioperatively. ...
Aypar Ebru - - 2012
Chiari's network (CN) is an embryologic remnant of eustachian valve located in the right atrium (RA). Incomplete involution of the fetal sinus venosus valves results in ''redundant'' CN. CN has been found in 1.3-4 % of autopsy studies and is believed to be of little clinical consequence. However, a redundant CN ...
Park Kyoung-Ha - - 2012
Objective: We evaluated the effects of sheath injury and trimetazidine (TMZ) on endothelial dysfunction of the radial artery (RA) after transradial coronary artery angiography (TRCAG) or transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (TRPCI) with flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Methods: One hundred twenty patients who underwent TRCAG or TRPCI with either a long 5Fr ...
Anaya-Ayala Javier E - - 2012
Creation of a functional hemodialysis access in patients with exhausted peripheral access sites and concomitant central venous occlusive disease (CVOD) is a multifaceted challenge; often requiring complex, innovative solutions, not without their own complications. We present a 57-year-old hemodialysis patient with a history of hypercoagulable disorder and multiple failed arteriovenous ...
Chauvel Christophe - - 2012
The accuracy and reproducibility of stress echocardiography (SE) for the detection of coronary artery lesions requires improvement, particularly in the left circumflex artery (LCx). To evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic value of a new sign: Rise of the Apical lateral wall and/or Horizontal displacement of the Apex toward the septum ...
Vermeulen Bas - - 2012
A 19-month-old boy with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), mirror-image dextrocardia, situs inversus (SI) totalis suffered from persistent hypoxia. Cyanosis became clinically evident when the child turned the head to the left and resolved after turning the head to the right. Echocardiography demonstrated two superior caval veins; the left sided superior ...
Hu Bo - - 2012
First reported by Coto in 1980, aorta-right atrial tunnel (ARAT) is a rare congenital vascular connection between the aortic root and RA. The case report presents a 38-year-old male patient with ARAT. Echocardiography showed a tunnel-like structure which appeared to be a connection between the left coronary sinus and the ...
Song Suk-Won - - 2012
Arterial grafts have a better long-term patency rate than saphenous vein (SV) when used in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). However, arterial grafts in elderly patients are often diseased. We sought to compare the early outcomes achieved by using the two different types of composite grafts. We conducted a ...
Liang F - - 2012
Multivessel coronary disease or peripheral arterial disease is the clinical clue to diagnosis of renal artery stenosis (RAS). RAS is considered equivalent to coronary artery disease in terms of cardiovascular risk. In this study, we evaluated the incidence of RAS in the patients who were proposed to undergo coronary artery ...
Kim Young Nam - - 2012
Partial anomalous pulmonary vein connection (PAPVC) is a rare congenital abnormal cardiac defect involving the pulmonary veins draining into the right atrium (RA) directly or indirectly by venous connection. Ninety percent of PAPVCs are accompanied by atrial septal defect (ASD). To our knowledge, there is no previous report of PAPVC ...
Lai Leon - - 2011
Endovascular repair of intracranial aneurysms has transformed the practice of cerebrovascular surgery. We reviewed the National Hospital Morbidity Database in Australia for the years 2000 to 2008 and investigated the changing trends of aneurysm practice. During this period 7,503 craniotomies for aneurysm repair and 7,863 endovascular coiling procedures were performed. ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: Echo-Doppler Predictors of Pulmonary Artery Hypertension in Patients with Systemic Sclerosis (Echocardiography 2011;28:859).
Shakeri Abolhassan - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate color Doppler sonographic findings in carotid arteries in RA patients under pharmacological treatments and to compare them with normal population. Forty nine patients with late RA and 48 healthy age and sex-matched controls were recruited. The two groups were matched for other known risk factors ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: Transesophageal Echocardiographic Assessment of Pulmonary Veins and Left Atrium in Patients Undergoing Atrial Fibrillation Ablation (Echocardiography 2011;28:774).
Fujita Misato M Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2011
The cranial vasculature is essential for the survival and development of the central nervous system and is important in stroke and other brain pathologies. Cranial vessels form in a reproducible and evolutionarily conserved manner, but the process by which these vessels assemble and acquire their stereotypic patterning remains unclear. Here, ...
Asghar Mohammad S - - 2011
It has been suggested that migraine is caused by neural dysfunction without involvement of vasodilatation. Because dismissal of vascular mechanisms seemed premature, we examined diameter of extra- and intracranial vessels in migraine without aura patients. A novel high-resolution direct magnetic resonance angiography imaging technique was used to measure arterial circumference ...
Ielasi Alfonso - - 2011
A 38-year-old-female presented to our unit for investigation of an incidental diagnosis of right ventricular dilatation. Transthoracic colour Doppler echocardiography demonstrated an anomalous flow into the inferior vena cava. The suspicion of partial anomalous venous drainage was supported by the finding of a scimitar sign on chest X-ray. Left and ...
Venuta Federico - - 2011
Thymic tumors are classified as stage III when they clearly invade the surrounding structures: pericardium, great vessels (superior vena cava, innominate veins, ascending aorta, and main pulmonary artery), lung parenchyma, phrenic nerves, and chest wall. Surgical treatment with or without induction therapy should always aim to complete resection removing en ...
Nie Xuguang X Department of Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in regulating gene expression during numerous biological/pathological processes. Dicer encodes an RNase III endonuclease that is essential for generating most, if not all, functional miRNAs. In this work, we applied a conditional gene inactivation approach to examine the function of Dicer during neural crest cell ...
Dasi Lakshmi P LP Department of Mechanical Engineering & School of Biomedical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo, - - 2011
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations can occur after the Fontan procedure and are believed to be associated with disproportionate pulmonary distribution of hepatic venous effluent. We studied the effect of total cavopulmonary connection geometry and the effect of increased cardiac output on distribution of inferior vena caval return to the lungs. Ten ...
Jain Rajan - - 2011
Congenital anomalies of the aortic valve are common and are associated with progressive valvular insufficiency and/or stenosis. In addition, aneurysm, coarctation, and dissection of the ascending aorta and aortic arch are often associated conditions that complicate patient management and increase morbidity and mortality. These associated aortopathies are commonly attributed to ...
Hassan Mohammed - - 2010
A unique arteriovenous fistula, originating from the left main coronary artery and branching to drain into the right atrium and superior vena cava is presented with review of the literature.
Hyun Dong Ho - - 2010
We report a patient with congenital interruption of the inferior vena cava complicated by pulmonary embolism. In this study, we review the clinical and imaging features of this entity and also present a review of the literature on this topic. This rare pulmonary embolism complication can be easily detected on ...
Perentes Jean Y - - 2011
Superior vena cava (SVC) clamping can be required during thoracic surgery for SVC replacement or repair. In such cases, bypass techniques can be necessary to avoid hemodynamic instability, cerebral venous hypertension and hypoperfusion. Here, we report a novel and simple SVC bypass technique which does not require full systemic heparinization, ...
Deo Salil V - - 2010
We present a patient with superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction due to multiple intraluminal pacemaker leads. Previous attempts at balloon dilatation of the SVC and surgical angioplasty did not provide a long-term solution. A Gore-Tex (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) conduit interposed between the innominate vein and ...
Becher Robert D - - 2010
We present the case of a patient with retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter-related pseudoaneurysms of the infrarenal aorta and right renal artery, with associated erosion into the duodenal wall. The patient was seen 10 months following multiorgan trauma and placement of a prophylactic retrievable IVC filter (R-IVCF). Management required ...
Murthy Naveen S - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to better characterize the intraforaminal location of the great anterior radiculomedullary artery (artery of Adamkiewicz [AKA]) within the neural foramen that would allow safer targeting of thoracic and lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections. A retrospective review of conventional thoracic and lumbar spinal angiograms performed ...
Erkut B - - 2010
Congenital pathologies of the inferior vena cava are uncommon. Isolated congenital interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos vein continuation could be considered part of the group of venous return anomalies. The major significance of this anomaly is its association with complex cardiac defects and the associated technical difficulties ...
Hwang Si Eun - - 2010
At 8-16 weeks of gestation, Spiegel's lobe of the caudate lobe appears as a sac-like herniation of the liver parenchyma between the inferior vena cava and ductus venosus or Arantius' duct. In 5 of 11 fetuses at 20-30 weeks of gestation, we found that an external notch was formed into ...
Honjo Osami - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We reported a high incidence of thrombosis, central pulmonary artery hypoplasia, and mortality for bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary shunts. We hypothesized that technical modifications in the cavopulmonary anastomosis and anticoagulation would limit thrombus and central pulmonary artery hypoplasia, and thereby improve outcomes. METHODS: Sixty-one patients (median age, 8.4 months; weight, ...
Jittapiromsak Pakrit - - 2010
The objective is to correlate the intracavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) with the position of the intracavernous neural structures. The cavernous sinuses of nine injected cadaveric heads were dissected bilaterally. As measured on computed tomographic angiograms from 100 adults, anatomical relationships and measurements of intracavernous ICA and neural structures were ...
Ardal H - - 2010
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are rare complications after diagnostic femoral catheterization. A few clinical cases have been reported, especially in the setting of venous compression with an enlarging haematoma, mechanical groin compression or prolonged procedures. Similarly, clinically evident PE after cardiac surgery is also very rare, ...
Quraishi Muhammad Bilal - - 2010
We report a case of a complicated vascular access secondary to systemic venous defects which have not been previously reported. Further evaluation revealed congenital absence of superior vena cava with two brachiocephalic veins draining separately. He also had absence of the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava with azygos ...
Wolosker N - - 2010
Arteriovenous fistula involving renal artery and inferior vena cava are rare. We report the case of a 47-year-old woman with a chronic arteriovenous fistula between right renal artery and inferior vena cava due to a penetrating trauma. Another finding was a vena cava aneurysm caused by the fistula. The patient ...
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