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Results 251 - 300 of 1710
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Praseedom Raaj K - - 2007
Leiomyosarcoma of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava is a rare entity and presents a number of diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Here such a case is presented in which the retrohepatic inferior vena cava was excised after full mobilization of the liver under venovenous bypass. The continuity of the vena cava ...
Shyamkumar N K - - 2007
We describe a case of double superior vena cava with a persistent left-sided superior vena cava discovered at the time of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement. The diagnosis was suggested by fluoroscopy and confirmed by venography. The relevance of the diagnosis with respect to PICC placement is discussed.
Rognoni Andrea - - 2007
Aneurysms of the coronary arteries are rare events. In most cases, such abnormalities are clinically silent and, when they cause symptoms, there are dyspnea and/or angina. Our report describes a case presenting with dyspnea; the admission electrocardiogram demonstrated largely spread ischemia in the lower-lateral leads and myocardial necrosis in the ...
Ishizawa Akimitsu - - 2007
In a 2002 cadaveric dissection course, a complex manner of rare variation was found in the abnormal venous system of the heart of an 88-year-old Japanese man who died of acute pneumonia. The superior vena cava and the left and right brachiocephalic veins were normal. In this case, a complex ...
Amodeo Antonio - - 2007
We propose a new surgical technique to manage the presence of bilateral superior venae cavae in single ventricle patients, a recognized risk factor for both bidirectional Glenn anastomosis and Fontan completion. The idea is to convert two small, peripheral and competing bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomoses into a single, larger, and ...
Taneja Manish - - 2008
Fistulous communication between the renal artery stump and inferior vena cava following nephrectomy is rare. We describe the case of a 52-year-old man with a fistula detected on investigation for hemolytic anemia in the postoperative period. The patient had had a nephrectomy performed 2 weeks prior to presentation for blunt ...
Petit Christopher J - - 2007
Coronary sinus ostial atresia is a rare anatomic condition which is occasionally associated with drainage of coronary veins via a persistent left-sided superior vena cava. This anatomic condition is normally clinically insignificant. However, when the systemic venous pressure is higher than that of the atrium, cardiac function can be impaired. ...
Kiser Andy C - - 2007
The cut-and-sew Cox Maze III procedure is a complex operation. A novel vacuum-integrated radiofrequency ablation device was developed to attenuate the complexity. This device has enabled the development of a totally extracardiac Maze (Ex-Maze) procedure. We describe the Ex-Maze procedure, which closely mimics the gold standard Maze III pattern and ...
Huanmanop Thanasil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of orbital foramina appears to vary depending on the population studied Moreover; different data between sides and genders have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to provide the morphometric data of the orbitalforamina related to side and gender in Thai subjects. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One ...
Evers D J - - 2007
A 66-year old woman was admitted with an acute symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm. After preoperative assessment, she was directly operated on via transperitoneal approach. Intraoperatively, a left-sided inferior vena cava was diagnosed. The preoperative study of the abdominal computed tomography had not revealed this venous malformation. Retroperitoneal venous anomalies are ...
Rusu M C - - 2007
The primitive right sinuatrial valve persists in humans as the crista terminalis, the valve of the inferior vena cava and the valve of the coronary sinus, while according to the known data the primitive left sinuatrial valve is supposed to have no derivatives. Ten human right atria were opened with ...
Cunningham Suzanne M - - 2007
The case reported herein describes the placement of a permanent transvenous pacemaker in an older dog with a previously undiagnosed persistent left cranial vena cava (PLCVC) and recent onset symptomatic third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. On presentation the dog was found to have atrial flutter and third-degree AV block and echocardiography ...
Nakamura H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To detect emboli in the venous system using a Doppler ultrasound device with embolism detecting software. METHODS: Pulmonary embolism (PE) was induced by injecting thrombus through the iliac vein of castrated swine under general anaesthesia. Data recorded from the Doppler system were analysed for high intensity transient signals (HITS) ...
Yigit Adalet Elcin - - 2008
We present a child with double aberrant left brachiocephalic vein (ALBCV) that was an incidental finding on CT. The anterior and thin branch was above the aortic arch and behind the truncus brachiocephalicus and drained into the superior vena cava (SVC). The posterior and thick branch of the ALBCV coursed ...
Berg C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the spectrum of fetal cardiac defects associated with abnormal sonographic findings in the area behind the heart (ABTH) in the four-chamber view. METHODS: This study included a retrospective review of 393 fetuses with congenital heart defects (CHD) detected in 2003-2005 at our tertiary referral center and a ...
Zakja Edlira - - 2007
We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who developed worsening dyspnea and abdominal pain 4 days after subtotal gastroresection. She underwent thoracic computed tomography scan and lung scintigraphy and was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. Despite the fact that she was feverish, she was treated by the insertion of a ...
Recto Michael R - - 2007
We report the successful transcatheter closure of a large persistent left superior vena cava draining into a left upper pulmonary vein in a patient who suffered 2 transient ischemic attacks after intravenous (IV) injection of saline flush solution into a left arm peripheral IV line utilizing an Amplatzer Vascular Plug.
Nair Sujit - - 2008
We describe the unusual case of a 71-year-old male with a history of deep vein thrombosis and recurrent multiple pulmonary embolism (PE) despite adequate anticoagulation. Computed tomography (CT) and brachiocephalic venography revealed a left-sided superior vena cava. We describe successful placement of an inferior vena cava filter via a left-sided ...
Greenberg S Bruce - - 2008
Computed tomography angiography detected scimitar syndrome with venous drainage to the inferior vena cava caudal to an interruption of the inferior vena cava in a 48-year-old woman. The hepatic veins drained to the supra-hepatic portion of the inferior vena cava cephalic to the interruption, which was a short area of ...
Shmuter Zoya - - 2008
Inferior vena caval filters, which are used to prevent pulmonary thromboemboli, may migrate to the right ventricle of the heart. We describe two deaths after the migration of IVC filters. In neither was the filter incorrectly inserted or deployed. In each instance, a deep pelvic/leg vein thromboembolus was associated with ...
Watts Stephanie W SW Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1317, USA. - - 2007
The endothelin (ET) peptides are more potent in contracting veins than arteries. The precursor big ET-1 is metabolized by endothelin converting enzyme [ECE; to ET-1 (1-21)], matrix metalloproteases [MMPs; to ET-1 (1-32)] and chymase [to ET-1(1-31)]. We hypothesized that arteries and veins were differently dependent in conversion of big ET-1 ...
Greenberg S B - - 2008
Extracardiac and lateral tunnel Fontan palliations result in caval venous return to the branch pulmonary arteries without prior blood mixing in the right atrium. Single contrast injection techniques result in suboptimal pulmonary computed tomography angiography since blood streaming results in asymmetric pulmonary flow of injected contrast. We used a dual ...
Lü Wei Dong - - 2007
The glutaraldehyde-treated bovine jugular vein conduit (BJVC) is a xenograft conduit initially used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction and has never been used for reconstruction of superior vena cava (SVC). In September 2003, a patient with SVC obstruction underwent SVC reconstruction using BJVC. He has been alive for 42 ...
Azizzadeh Ali - - 2007
We present the case of a patient with an iatrogenic injury to the superior vena cava during a central venous catheter placement. The vena cava was perforated when a left subclavian dialysis catheter was placed. The perforation in the right side of the vena cava occurred at the confluence of ...
Berczi V - - 2007
Thromboembolic disease produces a considerable disease burden, with death from pulmonary embolism in the UK alone estimated at 30,000-40,000 per year. Whilst it is unproven whether filters actually improve longevity, the morbidity and mortality associated with thromboembolic disease in the presence of contraindications to anticoagulation is high. Thus complications associated ...
Alanbaei Muath - - 2007
A case of sinus venosus atrial septal defect repair of the inferior vena caval type with an unintentional diversion of the inferior vena caval blood to the left atrium is reported. Long-standing, anatomical, right-to-left shunting with cyanosis and hypoxia are associated with systemic and cerebrovascular complications. Cardiac risks depend on ...
Fotiadis Nikolas I - - 2008
The Günther Tulip vena cava filter is a safe, effective, well-established device for pulmonary embolism prophylaxis. We report a patient in whom there was migration of the filter to the right atrium, 2 weeks after insertion, caused by a technical error during deployment. An attempt to retrieve the filter percutaneously ...
Moon H - - 2008
Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing systemic vasculitic disorder affecting the arteries, veins, and vessels of any size. Large vein thrombosis in BD is not commonly developed and most commonly observed in the veins in the lower extremities and inferior or superior vena cava. In this report, a 18-year-old ...
Guenther Jens - - 2007
This report describes a case of isthmus-dependent atrial flutter ablation by the femoral approach in a 77-year-old patient with a previously unknown absence of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Multi-row detector CT angiography indicated the absence of the perihepatic IVC, whereas the venous blood is drained into the superior vena ...
Panagiotou M - - 2007
Saving vital space in less invasive cardiac surgery is of great importance, especially in mitral valve surgery which is sometimes difficult, even with the full sternotomy approach. We present a modification of the venous cannulation protocol we use in less invasive, direct-vision mitral valve surgery through a half-lower partial sternotomy. ...
Hashmi Zubair A - - 2007
The formation of the venous drainage system of the human body is a complex process involving structures forming and regressing in a predefined order. Interruption of any one of these steps results in the formation of a congenital anomaly. Knowledge of these anomalies can prevent us from potential serious and ...
Mahesh Balakrishnan - - 2007
Superior vena cava obstruction may be due to benign or malignant causes. This may be treated surgically by using autologous saphenous vein grafts, autologous pericardial patches cut and reconstituted as tubes, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts, or percutaneously by balloon dilatation and stenting procedures. We report a case of superior vena cava ...
Siepe Matthias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pig heart is an ideal graft for orthotopic cardiac xenotransplantation regarding its physiological attributes and ready availability. Although single clinical attempts have been performed since the 1960s, details concerning the surgical technique of pig-to-human transplantation have never been reported. The present investigation should verify which anatomical differences between ...
Shimoda Masafumi - - 2007
Obliterative hepatocavopathy (OHC) is a subtype of Budd-Chiari syndrome in which stenosis or obstruction of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) is observed. Although IVC replacement is necessary in OHC patients, there are hardly any graft vessels available for IVC reconstruction during living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Here, we describe a ...
Haskal Ziv J - - 2007
A 33-year-old woman with Budd-Chiari syndrome and hypercoagulability was sequentially treated with the placement of hepatic vein stents and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS), all of which repeatedly thrombosed. Four months after TIPS revision with an endoprosthesis, a large inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus developed caudal to an IVC stenosis. ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2007
The persistence of the left superior vena cava is the most common thoracic vein anomaly, but, nevertheless, it continues to be an unpleasant finding during invasive diagnostic cardiovascular procedures and is sometimes a challenge during invasive therapeutic interventions. Persistent left superior vena cava usually occurs in 0.5% of the normal ...
Zhang Longjiang - - 2007
Inferior vena cava (IVC) abnormalities are not uncommon. Congential anomalies, thrombosis, neoplasms, and obstructive lesions can involve IVC. With the wide use of multidetector CT, it has demonstrated its ability to display the abnormalities of IVC. Congenital anomalies, thrombosis, neoplasms, and stenosis or obstructive diseases and other abnormalities can be ...
Fuenmayor Abdel J - - 2007
Anomalies of the venous system may impose serious limitations to the treatment of arrhythmias by means of ablation therapy. We describe a patient who had the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with frequent episodes of antidromic supraventricular tachycardia in whom an ablation was performed. The patient was found to have no inferior vena ...
Henke Peter - - 2007
Our objective was to assess the impact of venous thromboembolism (VTE) on common postoperative cardiovascular surgical patients. An administrative database, the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS, a sampling of 20% of all inpatients across the United States), from 1998 to 2001, was queried for all patients who were hospitalized for primary ...
Ushijima Teruaki - - 2007
Posttraumatic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is extremely rare. We report a case of surgical treatment for chronic inferior vena caval thrombosis 4 years after blunt trauma. A 22-year-old man was referred to our hospital for investigation of an inferior vena caval thrombosis. He had a history of blunt abdominal ...
Xue Hao-Gang - - 2007
Multiple vascular variations, including duplication of the inferior vena cava, double renal arteries and anomalies of the testicular blood vessels, were observed during dissection of the retroperitoneal region of a cadaver of an 87-year-old Japanese man. The right inferior vena cava arose from the union of right common iliac veins ...
Segers B - - 2007
The first retroperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez. The classic procedure for sympathectomy is open surgery. We report a unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to perform bilateral lumbar sympathectomy. This approach was performed for a 43-year-old man with distal arterial occlusive disease and no indication for direct ...
Charokopos N - - 2007
Thymic epithelial tumors can cause venous obstruction from compression or direct invasion of the superior vena cava (SVC) or the innominate veins. We report a case of a 40-year-old patient with a Masaoka stage III thymoma that resulted in obstruction of the left innominate vein and extrinsic compression of the ...
Koc Z - - 2007
Interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare developmental defect. IVC interruption is usually accompanied with azygos and hemiazygos continuation, and is asymptomatic. Here, we report the imaging findings of a patient with an interrupted IVC with diffuse collaterals between the infrarenal IVC and large renal veins, left gonadal, and ...
Arenas Ramírez J - - 2007
The eustachian valve, or valve of the inferior vena cava, is an embryogenic derivative of the right valve of the sinus venosus. Although it generally disappears during fetal life, its persistence may simulate symptoms of cardiac disease, particularly those associated with atrial tumors. We describe a case of prenatal diagnosis ...
Modi Pranjal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of obtaining an adequate cuff of the inferior vena cava (IVC) for vascular anastomosis during retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy. METHODS: Between September 2004 and May 2005, a total 100 retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomies were performed. Fifteen cases were performed on the right side. The Endo-TA stapler was ...
Hallock Geoffrey G - - 2007
The use of vein grafts is commonplace and often essential in microvascular surgery. Typically, these are obtained from the superficial venous system, and most commonly from the lower extremity using branches or segments of the greater or lesser saphenous veins. Unfortunately, on rare occasions these usual donor sites may have ...
Xu Gang - - 2007
Following intraoperative superior vena cava injury, venous drainage of the head, neck and upper extremities can be re-established with bovine jugular vein (Contegra) conduits. Inadequate anticoagulation, however, may lead to conduit thrombosis and superior vena cava obstruction syndrome. This can be successfully treated with percutaneous dilatation and stenting of the ...
Nomura Tetsuya - - 2007
Because temporary caval filters have not been associated with any long-term complications, their use seems practical as long as indications are accurately assessed. However, problems about further dealing with the emboli trapped in a temporary filter remain. This case report describes a new approach to managing a thrombus captured by ...
Wittram Conrad - - 2007
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that a transient interruption of contrast is the result of an increase in flow of unopacified blood from the inferior vena cava (IVC) by comparing the relative IVC contribution to the right side of the heart in cases and age-matched and sex-matched controls. MATERIALS AND ...
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