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Brechtel Klaus - - 2009
Endovascular treatment has been reported for a variety of conditions that result in venous obstruction in the iliocaval territory. The present report describes a patient who underwent a complex resection of a tumor that infiltrated the retrohepatic segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC), necessitating replacement of the IVC with ...
Gómez-Caro Abel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and immunologic outcome of cryopreserved arterial allograft (CAA) revascularization of intrathoracic vessels invaded by malignancies. METHODS: Since January 2002, consecutive patients whose intrathoracic vessels were invaded by malignancies were operated on and revascularizion made using human lymphocyte antigen ...
Turkoz Riza - - 2008
The benefits of a baffle fenestration in essentially high-risk Fontan patients have been demonstrated. Described here is the use of a new fenestration between the left atrial appendage and the left superior vena cava after Kawashima operation in a patient with a double-outlet right ventricle with hypoplastic left ventricle, left ...
Cannon Robert - - 2008
Superior vena cava syndrome results from obstruction of flow through the vessel either by external compression or thrombosis. External compression by intrathoracic neoplasms is the most common etiology. Thrombosis of the vessel most often occurs in the setting of indwelling catheters or pacemakers. The diagnosis is suggested by the clinical ...
Oruganti Sai S - - 2008
An unusual systemic venous drainage pattern was found in a 30-year-old man with ostium secundum atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis. He had the rare association of absent right superior vena cava, persistent left superior vena cava draining into the coronary sinus, and a left-sided inferior vena cava draining into ...
Lee In Joon - - 2009
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the prevalence of extrahepatic collateral artery supply to tumor thrombi of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) invading the inferior vena cava (IVC) and to assess the determining factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 1998 to June 2007, 82 patients with IVC tumor thrombi on computed tomography (CT) underwent ...
Mohan Geetali - - 2009
Migration of an inferior vena cava filter to the heart is a rare occurrence. Migration is usually to the right cardiac chambers, and is mostly detected incidentally. We report a 65-year-old woman with transvenous migration of an inferior vena caval filter to the right atrium in whom retrieval of the ...
Inoue Yoshito - - 2009
Acute compressive hemomediastinum due to type A acute aortic dissection in a 70-year-old man caused acute simultaneous obstruction of pulmonary artery and superior vena cava, leading to sudden death, presenting acute progressive bruising of the upper half of the body and subsequent massive hemoptysis. Computed tomography scanning revealed acute severe ...
Fass Gary - - 2009
A case of an 18-year-old man with deep venous thrombosis of the lower limbs caused by hypoplasia of the inferior vena cava in combination with heterozygous factor V Leiden is presented. Both anomalies were found when the patient complained of venous claudication in both thighs. Inferior vena cava malformation is ...
Eshtaya Ehab - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Great mediastinal veins may be reconstructed using autologous, synthetic, or allograft conduits. Autologous conduits have been found superior to other conduit options. The superficial femoral vein (SFV) offers excellent early patency, minimal lower limb morbidity, and ease of harvest without accessory suture lines. Although rarely used, the ...
Kakitsubata Y - - 2008
A 17-year-old Asian girl was admitted to our hospital because of acute onset of abdominal pain. Abdominal imaging work-up revealed an unusual pattern of congenital vascular anomalies, including a hypoplastic IVC and large intrahepatic venous collaterals along with an atypical, accessory hepatic vein. Congenital or acquired abnormalities of the inferior ...
Vigna Carlo - - 2008
A 75-year-old man complained of episodes of chest pain and dyspnea. An acute coronary syndrome was suspected but coronary angiography showed only mild stenosis (less than 50% reduction of vessel diameter) of the left anterior descending artery. We performed an aortography that showed a large infrarenal aneurysm with direct communication ...
Marzban Mehrab - - 2008
Behcet's disease is a multisystem disorder and classified as "vasculitic syndrome with a wide variety of clinical manifestations." Cardiac involvement is very rare but can occur with different presentations including: pericarditis, cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, endomyocardial fibrosis, intracavitary thrombosis, and coronary artery disease. Great vessel involvement is more common. Recurrent Phlebitis, commonly ...
Fischetti Anthony J - - 2008
The CT angiographic features of azygous continuation of an interrupted caudal vena cava in dogs with and without portocaval shunting are described. Azygous continuation of a discontinuous caudal vena cava is usually an incidental finding, not associated with portosystemic shunting. Identification of an associated portosystemic shunt will determine the need ...
Candemir Ba┼čar - - 2008
Percutaneous extraction of intravascular foreign bodies with the help of specifically designed devices is the standard method of treatment and should be attempted in appropriate cases before any surgical approach. The majority of retrieved materials are catheter fragments localized in the superior vena cava, right side of the heart, or ...
Matsumoto T - - 2008
We encountered a patient with a gastric varix that drained through the left inferior phrenic vein, which directly entered the inferior vena cava at the point just inferior to the diaphragm. In this patient, gastrorenal shunt was not seen. Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration of the gastric varix was performed, in ...
Maruo Takeshi - - 2008
This review was focused on a new intra-arterial infusion system with an extracorporeal chemofiltration circuit. After inferior vena cava isolation was percutaneously achieved by balloon catheter technique, cisplatin (140-240 mg/m(2)) was administered by intrauterine arterial infusion, with inferior and superior gluteal arterial embolization. The platinum-containing blood was pumped through an ...
Chang Y L - - 2008
The challenge of heart transplantation in patients with situs inversus is reconstruction of the systemic venous return. Herein we have presented 2 cases of complex congenital heart disease with atriovisceral situs inversus. Both of the patients shared many common cardiac anomalies, such as a single ventricle, a single AV valve ...
Taneja Manish - - 2008
Fistulous communication between the renal artery stump and the inferior vena cava is a rare complication of nephrectomy. We report a case of an adult male in whom a fistula was detected on investigation for persistent postoperative anemia. The fistula was initially identified with Doppler sonography and subsequently confirmed on ...
Price Elissa - - 2008
A patient presented with a posttraumatic fistula between the superior mesenteric artery and inferior vena cava with associated pseudoaneurysm after multiple thoracoabdominal gunshot wounds. Endovascular management with placement of two overlapping stent-grafts resulted in complete resolution of the lesions with documented patency at 15 months and no known complications. This ...
Toni Roberto - - 2008
We have recently hypothesized that structural and secretory components of the adult human thyroid gland maintain constant reciprocal and geometrical relationships, even if changes occur in the three-dimensional (3D) architecture of any of these elements. This means that thyroid morphology could be studied from the point of view of a ...
Honma Satoru - - 2008
A left inferior vena cava was found in the cadaver of an 88-year-old Japanese man during a student dissection course at Kumamoto University School of Medicine. The right common iliac vein ascended obliquely toward the left behind the right common iliac artery and united with the left common iliac vein ...
Rocha Manoel de Souza Mde - - 2008
Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) can represent a difficult for abdominal surgeries, and the radiologist must be aware even of the less common of these anatomical variations. Preaortic iliac venous confluence, also known as marsupial vena cava, is a rare congenital anomaly of the development of the ...
Lyons Kristopher S - - 2008
We describe the case of a 72-year-old patient admitted to intensive care following abdominal surgery. Venous oxygen saturations from the right atrium and superior vena cava (SVC) showed large variation due to ongoing ischemia in the mesentric circulation. If trends in venous oxygen saturation are to be followed, serial samples ...
Cho Young Kwon - - 2008
Unusual radiological manifestations of rare complications of cardiovascular Behcet disease (BD) are the following: (a) aneurysm and (b) occlusion in the aorta and its major branches, (c) pseudoaneurysms on the aortic root and coronary artery, and recurrent valvular dehiscence in the heart, (d) venous thrombosis in the deep and superficial ...
Michel Laura L - - 2008
Inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysms are extremely rare vascular anomalies. As a result of potential serious complications such as thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, treatment of IVC aneurysms is recommended, particularly for diverticular and small-necked lesions. This report describes a 2.5-year-old male child with a congenital large saccular aneurysm of the ...
Sun Qi - - 2009
The role and effect of preserved antegrade pulmonary blood flow (APBF) at the time of bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA) in the management of single-ventricle physiology is controversial. We investigated the influence of APBF on the fluid dynamics of BCPA connection using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Patient-specific, three-dimensional geometry of a ...
Matsuura Tomonori - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine how frequently the right adrenal vein could be unequivocally identified on MDCT and the spectrum of anatomic variations seen in the right adrenal vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced MDCT was performed in 104 patients with thoracoabdominal vascular disease using an 8-MDCT ...
Sajja Lokeswara R - - 2008
A 2-year-old boy with cyanosis was found to have normal situs and looping with anomalous drainage of a right-sided superior vena cava to the left atrium, and intact interatrial septum in association with anomalous drainage of the left pulmonary veins to the right superior vena cava. He underwent successful surgical ...
Loukas M - - 2008
The diaphragm is the major respiratory muscle of the body. As it plays such a vital role, a continuous arterial and venous blood supply is of the utmost importance. It is therefore not surprising to find described in the literature a complex system of anastomoses that contributes to the maintenance ...
Tanoue Yoshihisa - - 2008
We experienced the ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) via the left thoracotomy in a 24-day-old infant with inferior vena cava defect and hemiazygos communication to a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC). Although the large hemiazygos vein (HAzV) crossed just in front of PDA, its mobilization enabled the smooth ...
Fenelon Guilherme - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We explored the angiographic and pathological effects of corticosteroids on the long-term outcome of radiofrequency (RF) ablation lesions in the swine caval veins. METHODS: Under fluoroscopy guidance, a single linear RF lesion (4-mm tip, 60 degrees C, 180 seconds) was created in each vena cava (from +/-2 cm into ...
Prades J M - - 2008
The sphenopalatine artery is the end artery of the maxillary artery located within the pterygopalatine fossa and passes through the sphenopalatine foramen (SPF) on lateral nasal wall. Nasal bleeding from this artery is potentially life threatening and may urgently require endonasal endoscopic occlusion. The aims of the present study have ...
Stein Paul D - - 2008
From 1979 through 2005, vena cava thrombosis (either superior or inferior) was diagnosed in 99,000 hospitalized patients. Most, 78%, had isolated vena cava thrombosis. From 2000 to 2005, 5,000 patients were diagnosed yearly with vena cava thrombosis (1.5% of patients hospitalized with deep venous thrombosis). The population-based incidence of diagnosis ...
Kawai Katsushi - - 2008
The origins of the inferior epigastric and obturator arteries and the relationship between these arteries have been determined macroscopically in examinations of 706 body-halves of Japanese subjects. Three very rare inferior epigastric arteries were found to arise from the obturator artery leaving the internal iliac artery. The intimate relationship between ...
McLaughlin Richard L - - 2008
There have been numerous reports concerning gunshot wounds to the heart over the years. Many reports discuss bullets that have embolized and have migrated antegrade. However, there has never been a case reported on the retrograde embolization of a bullet from the right ventricle into the inferior vena cava. This ...
Sauter Alexander - - 2008
Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava is a life-threatening complication in cancer patients leading to pulmonary embolism. These patients can also be affected by superior vena cava syndrome causing dyspnea followed by trunk or extremity swelling. We report the case of a 61-year-old female suffering from an extended colorectal tumor ...
Sirlak Mustafa - - 2008
A literature review suggests an interaction between an anomaly of the inferior vena cava and thrombophilia in the pathogenesis of deep vein thrombosis. Genetic thrombotic abnormalities have been found in some of the subjects having venous thromboembolic diseases. We report a case of a young man presenting with venous thrombosis ...
Ysa August - - 2008
Aneurysms of the iliac veins are extremely rare. We report a case of a 51-year-old male who was admitted for swelling of the lower right limb. Sonography and ascending phlebogram showed a complete occlusion of the right femoropopliteal veins, both iliacs and the inferior vena cava (IVC). A large collateral ...
Terayama Hayato - - 2008
The right gonadal artery (RGA) usually arises from the anterior wall of the abdominal aorta below the level of the renal arteries and veins, passes ventrally to the inferior vena cava (IVC), and then runs obliquely downward to reach the pelvic cavity. In this study, we observed 59 Japanese cadavers ...
Calcagni Giulio - - 2008
The right superior vena cava draining into the left atrium is a rare malformation causing cyanosis and clubbing in patients in whom no other signs of congenital heart defect are present. Diagnosis may be difficult as cyanosis may be mild and the anomaly is not always easily detectable by echocardiography. ...
Leitman M - - 2008
Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare, benign neoplasm of the uterine, affecting adult women. We report two cases in whom intravenous leiomyomatosis extended through the inferior vena cava into the right heart chambers and the pulmonary artery. Both patients underwent staged operation with excision of the cardiac and primary tumour. The ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2008
A 51-year-old man with an obstructed inferior vena cava underwent successful slow pathway catheter ablation using a superior venous approach. Two central venous sheaths were introduced into the right internal jugular vein using different approaches (anterior and posterior), so the two sheaths located away from each other could prevent the ...
Cornillie P - - 2008
The vascular topography in the lumbar region of pig embryos and young fetuses was three-dimensionally reconstructed to study some controversial aspects of the origin and development of the infrarenal part of the caudal vena cava. Contrary to general belief, it was found that the supracardinal veins, which form the azygos ...
Mehta C - - 2008
In a nonfenestrated modified Fontan, transcatheter creation of a fenestration presents technical difficulties, especially with the extra-cardiac modification where a Gore-Tex tube is placed between the inferior caval vein and the pulmonary arteries. The authors describe an alternative approach to perforating the Gore-Tex tube to create a fenestration by making ...
Cunliffe Clare H - - 2008
Vena caval filters are increasingly used for the prevention of pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis ever since the introduction of the stainless steel Greenfield filter in the 1970s. Although complications associated with their use are rare, they can be fatal, and therefore it is important for forensic ...
Saremi Farhood - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use 64-MDCT to investigate the anatomic characteristics of the S-shaped variant of the sinoatrial node (SAN) artery and to describe the clinical implications of the findings in ablative procedures involving the left atrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coronary CT angiograms of 250 patients ...
Garcia-Covarrubias Lisardo - - 2008
A 66-year-old male presented with rhabdomyosarcoma of the right kidney with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus and with tumor emboli to right pulmonary artery and two large fragments of tumor thrombus free floating in the right atrium. The patient underwent right radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy of the right atrium and ...
Iwaki Hideyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In a total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) with an extracardiac conduit, the future development of stenosis in the venous pathway and distortion of the pulmonary artery according to the somatic growth of the patients is a major concern for surgeons and pediatricians. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent extracardiac TCPC (EC-TCPC) ...
Kirklin James K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In 1990, Fontan, Kirklin, and colleagues published equations for survival after the so-called "Perfect Fontan" operation. After 1988, we evolved a protocol using an internal or external polytetraflouroethylene tube of 16 to 19 millimetres diameter placed from the inferior caval vein to either the right or left pulmonary artery ...
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