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Salimi Fereshteh - - 2009
The development of reconstructive venous surgery has been hampered by the lack of suitable grafts. Patency rates with grafts in the venous system are commonly less satisfactory than in arterial system, mainly due to nonpulsatile flow velocity and the low pressure in veins. Grafting of the inferior vena cava may ...
Fretz V - - 2010
May-Thurner syndrome is known as compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery. We describe a case of an atypical compression of the inferior vena cava by the right common iliac artery secondary to a high aortic bifurcation. Despite an extensive collateral network, there was ...
Uemura Mamoru - - 2009
An incidence of a left superior vena cava with a left azygos vein was found in a cadaver during an Osaka Dental University student's dissection practice session in 2002. The left superior vena cava began from the confluence between the right and left brachiocephalic veins, and extended directly into the ...
Tambe Sandeep P - - 2009
A 34-year old woman with rheumatic mitral stenosis was found to have complete dual inferior venae cavae with bilateral infrarenal and suprarenal segments, on balloon mitral valvuloplasty. The bilateral, renal, and gonadal veins drained separately on the ipsilateral side. The left inferior vena cava was larger than the right, and ...
Wang Lei - - 2009
An 8-year-old boy with a 3.8 mm perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PmVSD) and abnormal inferior vena cava return was attempted cardiac catheterization to occlude the VSD. Through the right jugular vein and right femoral artery approach, an 8 mm Amplatzer VSD occluder was successfully deployed under fluoroscopic and echocardiographic guidance. ...
Carnevale Francisco Cesar - - 2010
We report the case of a 9-year-old boy with portal hypertension, due to Budd-Chiari syndrome, and retrohepatic inferior vena cava thrombosis, submitted to a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) by connecting the suprahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava directly to the portal vein. After 3 months, the withdrawal of ...
Dehghani Payam - - 2009
The anatomy, implications of and percutaneous methods of closure of persistent left-sided vena cava (PLSVC) in adults is reviewed. We also describe the technique for balloon test occlusion and highlight the importance of identifying collateral vessels to the right superior vena cava prior to consideration of percutaneous closure of PLSVC.
Nural M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The distinction between severe pulmonary embolism (PE) and right heart dysfunction is important for predicting patient mortality. PURPOSE: To identify the role of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in the assessment of the severity of acute PE and right ventricular dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients suspected of having ...
Parreira Lúcia F - - 2009
Patency of the left superior vena cava (persistent left superior vena cava--PLSVC), although uncommon, is the most frequent anomaly of the thoracic vessels. It has been diagnosed in 0.3-0.5% of the general population. PLSVC results from the abnormal persistence of an embryological vessel that normally involutes into the coronary sinus ...
Avolio Luigi - - 2009
We report an unusual presentation of the P wave and QRS complex during ECG-guided endocavitary assessment of the proper location of the central venous catheter in a pre-term infant operated on for esophageal atresia. The P wave and QRS complex had a normal morphology, but lay specularly to normal above ...
Granata Antonio - - 2009
Variations in the course of the blood vessels are often incidental findings during clinical examination. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is an uncommon anomaly, estimated to be present in about 0.3-0.5% of healthy individuals and in about 3-10% of patients with congenital heart disease. It results from the failure ...
Bottoni Nicola - - 2009
Inferior venous access to the right heart is not possible in some patients due to vena caval obstruction. Here we describe a case of a patient with atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia where radiofrequency ablation from the inferior vena cava was impossible because of the presence of important stenosis of the ...
Kopterides Petros - - 2009
Monitoring of central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is considered comparable with mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) in the initial resuscitation phase of septic shock. Our aim was to assess their agreement in septic shock in the intensive care unit setting and the effect of a potential difference in a computed ...
Hoppe Hanno - - 2009
When anticoagulation is contraindicated or ineffective, optional vena cava filters can be used to prevent pulmonary embolism. These devices can be removed within a defined period of time or can remain in the vena cava permanently. The status of optional vena cava filters was studied by a review of the ...
Kim Siho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The working hypothesis for a one and a half ventricle repair has been that the benefits of a pulsatile pulmonary circulation may negate some of the late complications of the Fontan procedure. Those benefits are thought to outweigh the downside risk of having retrograde pulsatility in the superior vena ...
Song Min-Ho - - 2009
We recently cared for a woman who had mitral stenosis, atrial fibrillation, absent right superior vena cava, and persistent left superior vena cava. She underwent mitral valve replacement and surgical ablation of the pulmonary vein, and conjunction of the coronary sinus and left superior vena cava. Her atrial fibrillation was ...
Nakamura Yuki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after a Fontan operation in the left isomerism and absent inferior vena cava. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 19 patients with the left isomerism and absent inferior vena cava who underwent Fontan operations at our institution. We divided the patients into two ...
Kuralay Erkan - - 2009
A new central venous catheterization during open heart surgery is seldom required. Clamping of superior vena cava (SVC) causes adequate brachiocephalic vein distension which facilitates vein puncture. In our experience, approximately 20 s is enough for adequate brachiocephalic vein distension. I usually prefer subclavian vein puncture by supraclavicular approach. By ...
Paulista Marcelo Dagola - - 2009
Surgical treatment of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava, associated with sinus venous atrial septal defect, is well established and correlates with low mortality and morbidity. In order to reduce the incidence of stenosis or occlusion of the right superior vena cava, especially when associated with the ...
Di Luozzo Gabriele - - 2009
The selection of the cannulation site and the operative scheme is essential to the preoperative preparation for the repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms. The site of cannulation will determine the mode of cardiopulmonary support and preparedness for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. On rare occasions, optimal femoral venous access for establishing cardiopulmonary ...
Natsis Konstantinos - - 2010
A case of a duplicated inferior vena cava (IVC) along with other anatomical vessel variations in a 72-year-old male cadaver is presented. The anomalous vessels involved, besides the IVC, were the left testicular vein and artery, the left suprarenal artery and a superior accessory left renal artery. Based on the ...
Orija Abiodun - - 2009
A left superior vena cava, which is present in 0.5% of the population, is the result of persistence of the embryonic left anterior cardinal vein and is usually considered a normal variant. We present our experience of an incidental discovery of bilateral superior vena cava during routine evaluation of suspected ...
Gociman Barbu - - 2009
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a rare condition caused by complete venous occlusion that leads to impaired arterial flow. Prompt diagnosis and treatment initiation are paramount in preventing progression to gangrene, the need for amputation, and possibly the death of the patient. Thrombolysis or surgical thrombectomy, for advanced disease and cases ...
Zuljević Ervin - - 2009
38-year-old man had chronic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) as a result of multiple injuries caused by an explosion of grenade 12 years ago, with recurrent pulmonary thromboembolisms and pulmonary hypertension which was unrecognized for a decade. Patient was admitted with a progressive dyspnea and exercise intolerance (NYHA II). The diagnosis ...
Saranteas Theodosios - - 2009
We refer to a very rare case of catheter-related thrombosis in a trauma patient with persistent left and absent right superior vena cava. The role of ultrasound examination in the early diagnosis and treatment of thrombosis in the setting of intensive care unit (ICU) is thoroughly discussed. A 30-year-old man ...
Smodlaka H - - 2009
The ringed seal [Pusa (Phoca) hispida], as well as other seals, exhibits unique anatomical properties when compared to its terrestrial counterparts. In the ringed seal, the most conspicuous marine adaptation is the aortic bulb. This large dilatation of the ascending aorta is comparable to that found in other seal species ...
Muranishi Hiromi - - 2009
This is a case of a thrombo-occlusion occurring below an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter inserted in a patient with polycythemia vera and deep vein thrombosis. The patient was a 48-year-old man with polycythemia vera and a chief complaint of swelling, redness, and bursting pain in his right leg. After ...
Rajab Bashar M - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the precise location of the masseteric artery in relation to the temporomandibular joint region to reduce the risk of injury during surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A careful dissection of 16 intact human cadaveric head specimens was carried out to determine the course of ...
Xu Ke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a serious disease often leading to disability and death. Percutaneous placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is an effective method to prevent fatal PTE caused by lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT). We developed the ZQL-type retrievable vena cava filter. The aim of ...
Walpot Jeroen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a congenital anomaly with an estimated incidence of 0.3-0.5% in the normal population. Its usual discovery is often made by an abnormally positioned catheter inserted in the left subclavian or left jugular vein. In this situation, an easy bedside approach to confirm ...
Gasparis Antonios P - - 2009
A 26-year-old man presented with acute renal insufficiency, and severe lower extremity swelling. Computed tomographic scan revealed retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy encasing both ureters and the inferior vena cava. He underwent placement of ureteral stents to relieve the obstruction and afterward underwent lymph node biopsy, which revealed Kaposi's sarcoma. He subsequently was ...
Marc Gingell Littlejohn
<p>We  present an interesting case of a symptomatic high flow AV fistula between the right common iliac artery (CIA) and the inferior vena cava (IVC), successfully treated by endovascular coil embolization. The patient was found to have a right lower polar renal artery crossing the ipsilateral ureter arising from the ...
Voutsadakis Ioannis A - - 2009
Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a malignancy that metastasizes frequently to lymph nodes including the mediastinal lymph nodes. This occurrence may produce symptoms due to compression of adjacent structures such as the superior vena cava syndrome or dysphagia from esophageal compression. We report the case of a ...
Edizer Mete - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate the locations, diameters, and connections of the periorbital arterial vessels. The peripheral and marginal arcades of the superior and inferior eyelids were revealed by bilateral meticulous anatomic dissections in 12 adult male and 5 female preserved cadavers. Silicone rubber injection was used ...
Ishihara Kenji - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the recent clinical experience with nonpermanent inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement preoperatively, especially with regard to patients who had deep venous thrombosis (DVT) due to compression by a tumor or an aneurysm. METHODS: Preoperative prophylactic IVC filter placement was performed between October 2002 and March 2008 ...
Chavez Anthony H - - 2009
We report a case of traumatic Foley catheter placement and manipulation that resulted in a large, symptomatic, vena cava air embolism confirmed on computed tomography. To the best of our knowledge, our report represents the first case of a large, symptomatic, vena cava air embolism as a direct result of ...
Al-Smady Moaath - - 2009
We encountered 2 incidental cases of invasive thymomas at Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan; during routine coronary artery bypass graft surgery between 2005 and 2008 with an incidence of 0.6%. Both patients presented with angina pain. None of the 2 patients had pressure symptoms (cough, shortness of breath or superior ...
Brandão Daniel - - 2009
Even though the majority of abdominal aortic aneurysm s(AAAs) are asymptomatic, they can occasionally manifest as a result of adjacent structures involvement. Although the most frequent venous complication of AAA is rupture into the inferior vena cava (IVC), venous compression can infrequently occur. The authors report a particularly rare case ...
Sökmen Gülizar - - 2009
Free-floating right heart thrombus can be seen in 4% to 18% of patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism. A 76-year-old man was admitted to the intensive coronary care unit due to resting dyspnea and pleuritic pain of sudden onset, raising a high suspicion of acute pulmonary embolism. A recent coronary ...
Szasz Theodora - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Arteries and veins modulate cardiovascular homeostasis and contribute to hypertension pathogenesis. Functional differences between arteries and veins are based upon differences in gene expression. To better characterize these expression patterns, and to identify candidate genes that could be manipulated selectively in the venous system, we performed whole genome expression ...
Stewart Daniel - - 2009
A vena comitant segment harvested from a flap's pedicle can be used as an interpositional vein graft in selected microvascular cases. When a vascular pedicle includes paired venae comitantes, one of these can prove suitable for use as a vein graft while still allowing for venous outflow of the flap. ...
Karthigesan Murugesan - - 2009
Curative radiofrequency catheter modification of the slow pathway is the recommended therapy for patients suffering from recurrent symptomatic atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia. This is usually performed via femoral vein and the inferior vena cava (IVC). Presence of venous occlusion or complex venous anomaly involving the IVC may preclude this approach. ...
Gabal Samia - - 2009
Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare neoplasm of uterine origin. Intracardiac metastasis from this tumor is extremely infrequent. This report describes a 24-year-old woman from Yemen who had irregular vaginal bleeding shortly after spontaneous abortion. She developed left-lower-limb swelling, diagnosed by duplex scanning and magnetic resonance imaging as deep ...
Almeida Jorge - - 2009
Cardiac tamponade is a common cause of hypotension and low output after cardiac surgery. The authors present a case of false tamponade diagnosis on transesophageal echocardiography in a patient who underwent mitral valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. The diagnosis was not confirmed at surgery, and the cause of ...
Brechtel Klaus - - 2009
Endovascular treatment has been reported for a variety of conditions that result in venous obstruction in the iliocaval territory. The present report describes a patient who underwent a complex resection of a tumor that infiltrated the retrohepatic segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC), necessitating replacement of the IVC with ...
Gómez-Caro Abel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and immunologic outcome of cryopreserved arterial allograft (CAA) revascularization of intrathoracic vessels invaded by malignancies. METHODS: Since January 2002, consecutive patients whose intrathoracic vessels were invaded by malignancies were operated on and revascularizion made using human lymphocyte antigen ...
Turkoz Riza - - 2008
The benefits of a baffle fenestration in essentially high-risk Fontan patients have been demonstrated. Described here is the use of a new fenestration between the left atrial appendage and the left superior vena cava after Kawashima operation in a patient with a double-outlet right ventricle with hypoplastic left ventricle, left ...
Cannon Robert - - 2008
Superior vena cava syndrome results from obstruction of flow through the vessel either by external compression or thrombosis. External compression by intrathoracic neoplasms is the most common etiology. Thrombosis of the vessel most often occurs in the setting of indwelling catheters or pacemakers. The diagnosis is suggested by the clinical ...
Oruganti Sai S - - 2008
An unusual systemic venous drainage pattern was found in a 30-year-old man with ostium secundum atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis. He had the rare association of absent right superior vena cava, persistent left superior vena cava draining into the coronary sinus, and a left-sided inferior vena cava draining into ...
Lee In Joon - - 2009
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the prevalence of extrahepatic collateral artery supply to tumor thrombi of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) invading the inferior vena cava (IVC) and to assess the determining factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 1998 to June 2007, 82 patients with IVC tumor thrombi on computed tomography (CT) underwent ...
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