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Raj Vimal - - 2010
A persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) draining through a dilated coronary sinus into the right atrium is a relatively common congenital cardiovascular anomaly. It is readily identified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). However, a LSVC draining into the left atrium (LA) and associated with unroofing of the coronary sinus, ...
Hay A - - 2010
A 53 year old man developed upper body swelling, hypotension, anuria and a metabolic acidosis within 24 h following an Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy. His co-morbidities included hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, ischaemic heart disease and he was a smoker. He did not have radiotherapy but had received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy through an in-dwelling right subclavian ...
Akhtar S - - 2010
A patient with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was catheterized for device closure. Anomalous systemic venous drainage was found with interrupted inferior vena cava and persistence of hepatic vessel plexus. Using the superior vena cava route, the PDA was closed successfully.
Castro Eumenia C C - - 2010
Anomalies of the cardinal vein system (CVS) are uncommon but if unidentified can lead to life-threatening complications. We report a case with a novel malformation of the CVS. Autopsy with in situ dissection of heart and large vessels in a 25-day-old infant was performed. The infant was diagnosed with congenital ...
Pasian Sergio G - - 2010
An 81-year-old woman was referred for cardiac computed tomography-angiography (CCTA) after an extracardiac mass was found on echocardiography. CCTA found a giant atherosclerotic right coronary artery aneurysm with a maximal diameter of 80 mm, which was compressing the right atrium and right appendage, proximal superior vena cava, right ventricle inlet ...
Dimitrova Kamellia R - - 2010
: A recent multicenter study reported reduced patency of aortocoronary bypass grafts when the saphenous vein was harvested by endoscopic technique compared with patency of vein grafted after harvest by the traditional "open" approach. Our aim was to compare the patency rates of radial artery graft (RAG) harvested endoscopically with ...
Kara Engin - - 2011
An ectopic kidney was found incidentally in a 20-year-old male patient during the abdominopelvic CT angiography. It was situated on the right side at the abdominopelvic junction, partly in the abdomen at the level of the intervertebral disc between L3 and L4 superiorly and partly in the greater pelvis at ...
Al-Ammouri Iyad - - 2010
This report describes a case involving anomalous drainage of inferior vena cava (IVC) to the left atrium diagnosed when the patient was 32 years old. The tricuspid valve and the right ventricle were small. Successful surgical repair was performed, with significant improvement of the patient's clinical status. The use of ...
Kaemmerer Daniel - - 2011
Blunt injury to the inferior vena cava is a rare but dramatic event having a high mortality up to 80%. The mortality increases after total avulsion especially in combination with secondary intra-abdominal injuries. We report on a 15-year-old boy who sustained a blunt trauma with a total, partially covered avulsion ...
Owens Charles A - - 2010
The placement of superior vena cava (SVC) filters to prevent pulmonary emboli (PE) from upper-extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT), although controversial, has been reported. A total of 21 publications were identified that reported 209 SVC filters and documented eight major filter-related complications (3.8%), including four cardiac tamponades, two aortic perforations, ...
Liao George P - - 2010
Traumatic injuries to the inferior vena cava continue to be associated with high mortality. The management of these injuries has been technically challenging and highly variable, often depending on factors that include the anatomic complexity and the severity of the insult. We report the first case in which a patient ...
Tao Kaiyu - - 2010
The Warden procedure was introduced for surgical repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the higher portion of the superior vena cava in an attempt to decrease the incidence of postoperative sinoatrial node dysfunction and pulmonary venous obstruction. However, postoperative cavoatrial channel stenosis and obstruction up to 20% and ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2010
Ascending aortic aneurysm is a rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome. Herein, we describe a case of superior vena cava syndrome caused by a chronic dissecting aortic aneurysm after aortic valve replacement. A successful replacement of the aortic root and ascending aorta led to an improvement of edema of ...
Qaradaghi Lawand - - 2010
We presented a case of hemothorax secondary to inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysm. A 47-year-old woman was presented to our hospital with nausea, vomiting, and right superior abdominal pain. There was pleural effusion on the right side of the posteroanterior chest x-ray for which a thoracentesis was performed and serohemorrhagic ...
Ugaki Shinya - - 2010
The anatomy of a persistent left superior vena cava (SVC) to the left atrium (LA) without the innominate vein can make it challenging to complete intracardiac repair. We reviewed our five cases of the direct end-to-side anastomosis of SVCs to facilitate anatomical repair of SVC-right atrial connection for biventricular repair. ...
Porcu Alberto - - 2010
We describe the case of a 38 year old man, with a story of alcohol abuse, who developed a very painful nodular subcutaneous fat necrosis, fever and polyarthritis, denying any abdominal symptoms due to a pancreatic pseudocyst-inferior vena cava fistula. The authors discuss the unusual and protracted course with intermittent ...
Uçar O - - 2010
We report on a rare case of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) with absent right superior vena cava (RSVC), an anomaly that is also known as isolated PLSVC. This venous malformation was identified incidentally in a 30-year-old woman during thoracic multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), which was performed with the ...
Singh Balwinder - - 2010
We describe the value of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) over two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) in the assessment of inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic vein (HV) obstruction in a patient with sickle cell disease. 3DTTE provided additional information when compared to 2DTTE by (1) identifying the obstructing lesion ...
Arabi Mohammad - - 2010
The present report describes the safe retrieval of caudally migrated optional inferior vena cava (IVC) filters with significant IVC penetration. Three patients had optional IVC filters placed for deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary emboli and contraindications for anticoagulation. Subsequent imaging showed caudal migration and penetration of the filter legs through the IVC ...
Kim Hyo-Cheol - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the radiologic findings and imaging response of hepatocellular carcinoma supplied by the left inferior phrenic artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2000 through December 2008, chemoembolization of the left inferior phrenic artery was performed on 152 patients (123 men, 29 ...
Sheth Sheila - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to review the CT findings associated with superior vena cava obstruction and to illustrate collateral venous pathways bypassing the obstruction as shown on MDCT. Multiple collateral venous pathways can form to bypass an obstruction of the superior vena cava. With its ability to acquire ...
Lee J H - - 2010
The aim of this study was to document the anatomical landmarks of the submandibular gland (SMG) for a botulinum toxin injection. Thirty-four SMGs from 20 cadavers were examined. The mean length of a reference line between the angle of the mandible and the gnathion was 94.8 ± 5.9 mm, the proximal and distal ...
Miranda Rodrigo - - 2010
We present a 45-year-old woman with supraventricular tachycardia. During placement of diagnostic catheters, an interruption of the inferior vena cava was suspected. An MRI confirmed the interruption of the inferior vena cava above the level of the renal veins with azygos vein continuation up to the superior vena cava. Catheter ...
Zhao Li-Qin LQ Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, - - 2010
To study characteristics of collateral circulation of gastric varices (GVs) with 64-row multidetector computer tomography portal venography (MDCTPV). 64-row MDCTPV with a slice thickness of 0.625 mm and a scanning field from 2 cm above the tracheal bifurcation to the lower edge of the kidney was performed in 86 patients ...
Morani Giovanni - - 2010
In the modern implanting era with progressive expanding indications to resynchronization therapy, upgrading procedure is a relatively common event. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC), the most common venous abnormality, may exacerbate technical difficulties. We describe the procedure of upgrading from a dual chamber pacemaker to resynchronization/defibrillation system with a ...
Golarz Scott R - - 2010
The use of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Thrombosis of the IVC is a potentially catastrophic complication of caval filter placement, and its reported incidence ranges 3.6-11.2%, depending on filter type. We present a 69-year-old female with a history of deep vein ...
Kato Hiroshi - - 2010
Interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a very rare congenital abnormality. Such patients have many difficulties during ablation procedures. We report a case of successful ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation using the superior vena cava in a patient with interruption of the IVC.
Mirilas Petros - - 2010
In this article, we discuss the surgical anatomy of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes found in the retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal blood vessels include the aorta and all its branches--parietal and visceral--from the diaphragm to the pelvis, and the inferior vena cava and its tributaries. The retroperitoneal ...
Belcher Elizabeth - - 2010
Radical resection of the superior vena cava poses a challenge for the cardiothoracic surgeon. The Contegra graft (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, MN), a biologic conduit comprising the valved segment of the bovine jugular vein, is established as a right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit for right ventricular outflow tract repair in ...
Brodmann M - - 2010
Anticoagulation still remains the primary therapy for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in order to prevent the most life-threatening form of VTE, pulmonary embolism (PE). Nevertheless in some patients anticoagulation is impossible. Then vena caval filters serve as a valuable second line therapy against the most feared complication of VTE, fatal PE. ...
Gupta Ashish - - 2010
A persistent left inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly, with a reported incidence of only 0.2-0.5%. When present, it courses between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta to continue as the right IVC, similar to the course of a left renal vein (LRV). This anomaly is usually ...
Topaz On - - 2010
The inferior phrenic arteries constitute a pair of important vessels, supplying multiple organs including the diaphragm, adrenal glands, esophagus, stomach, liver, inferior vena cava, and retroperitoneum. The vast majority (80-90%) of inferior phrenic arteries originate as separate vessels with near equal frequency from either the abdominal aorta or the celiac ...
Eweda Inas I - - 2010
A 25 year-old female with a history of Caesarian section ten weeks ago presented with symptoms suggestive of pulmonary embolism. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a free-floating large thrombus traversing the right atrial cavity. Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed the presence of an unattached thrombus that originated from the most proximal part of the ...
Vercruysse J - - 2010
A persistent left superior vena cava draining into the left atrium was diagnosed in an adult patient, scheduled for surgical correction of a large inferiorly located sinus venosus atrial septal defect. In the majority of cases a persistent left superior vena cava is found incidentally and causes little or no ...
Antevil Jared L - - 2010
Tamponade after cardiac operations often does not manifest the classic clinical or even echocardiographic features of tamponade and may therefore be difficult to diagnose. We present 3 patients with cardiac tamponade in the early postoperative period in whom portable chest roentgenogram revealed marked leftward pulmonary artery catheter displacement at the ...
Chovanec Vendelín - - 2010
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is a minimally invasive endovascular procedure that has played an important role in the treatment of acute or repeated variceal bleeding or refractory ascites. The standard venous access route for this procedure is the right jugular vein. Sometimes it is better to use the left jugular ...
Esteves Isabel - - 2010
A 14-year-old patient presented with bilateral pneumonia and pleural effusions, septic arthritis of the hip, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary thromboembolism. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) containing the Panton Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) genes was isolated. Contraindication to anticoagulation prompted inferior vena cava filter placement. He completed 4 weeks of treatment ...
Van Natta Timothy L - - 2010
While undergoing an intrapericardial pneumonectomy for a massive right pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor that had invaded the mediastinum, an 18-year-old woman experienced a nearly fatal iatrogenic complication. Dense scarring adjacent to the pseudotumor had drawn in the superior vena cava posterolaterally and fused the right main pulmonary artery to the right ...
Kim Dong Hun - - 2010
A 38-year-old woman who had undergone pelvic lymphangioma resection two months previously presented with cough and dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography and CT demonstrated the presence of a mixed cystic/solid component tumor involving the inferior vena cava, heart and pulmonary artery. Complete resection of the cardiac tumor was performed and lymphangioma was ...
Rossi F Raul I - - 2009
Sinus venous atrial septal defects are commonly associated with abnormal pulmonary venous connection. Numerous surgical techniques have been proposed with excellent short- and long-term outcomes. Pulmonary and superior vena cava obstructions, as well as rhythm disturbances, are the most common problems seen during follow up. However, acute postoperative superior vena ...
Pipili Chrisoula - - 2009
Due to the unavoidable use of indwelling devices and the magnitude of the operative problems encountered, superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) has become a serious threat for patients with a history of multiple catheter placements. True diagnosis sometimes is not available due to paucity of symptoms or due to the ...
Pogrel M Anthony - - 2009
PURPOSE: The arrangement of the structures within the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle has not been clearly defined. Because this could be of importance in surgery involving the inferior alveolar canal, a study was undertaken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle was dissected from 8 cadaveric mandibles and examined ...
Benson R E-C - - 2009
We present findings of persistent left superior vena cava, anomalous right superior pulmonary venous return into the right-sided superior vena cava and a sinus venosus-type atrial septal defect detected incidentally by CT pulmonary angiography. To our knowledge, there has been no previous case report with all of the above findings ...
Ozbülbül Nilgün Işıksalan - - 2011
Superior vena cava obstruction is associated with multiple venous collaterals. There is an unusual pathway involving pulmonary venous collaterals in which systemic veins drain directly into the left heart, resulting in a right-to-left shunt. We report here a rare case of systemic to pulmonary venous shunt on both hemithoraces in ...
Agko Mouchammed - - 2010
We report the case of a 51-year-old woman who underwent kyphoplasty with polymethylmethacrylate for painful compression fracture of the third lumbar vertebra. Infiltration of cement into the inferior vena cava, noted intraoperatively, was confirmed with postoperative CT scan. A Greenfield filter was placed to prevent cardiopulmonary embolization of the fragment. ...
Kühne Michael - - 2010
Ectopic beats originating from the superior vena cava (SVC) may initiate atrial fibrillation. This report describes a patient undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation for electrical isolation of the SVC resulting in SVC stenosis. Noncircumferential lesion sets for SVC isolation to reduce ablation times may be preferred. (PACE 2010; e36-e38).
Arias Miguel A - - 2009
A 39-year-old female patient was referred for ablation of recurrent episodes of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. A combination of an anomalous inferior vena cava with azygos continuation and a persistent left superior vena cava was discovered. A nonfluoroscopic navigation system was very useful for catheter ablation of the tachycardia in ...
Bou Prieto Elías - - 2009
Congenital structural abnormalities not associated with cyanosis may go undetected until late adulthood if clinical symptoms are not evident. We report the case of 17 year-old male, referred to cardiology clinics for evaluation of a murmur, which was found to have asymptomatic severe right heart chambers dilatation. Right heart catheterization ...
Ingber Sarah - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inferior vena caval (IVC) interruption has been used as a method to prevent pulmonary embolism since the 1940s. Despite an exponential increase in IVC filter use in both the treatment and prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism, there is little evidence to support current practice. This review will discuss ...
Woo Karen - - 2009
Aneurysms of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are exceedingly rare; less than 50 cases have been reported in the world literature. Owing to the paucity of data regarding the natural history of IVC aneurysms, there is no consensus on their treatment. This case report describes the evaluation of an IVC ...
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