Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1711
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Hofland J - - 2003
Agreement between continuously measured oxygen consumption during quantitative closed system anaesthesia and intermittently Fick-derived calculated oxygen consumption was assessed in 11 patients undergoing simultaneous occlusion of the aorta and inferior vena cava for hypoxic treatment of pancreatic cancer. All patients were mechanically ventilated using a quantitative closed system anaesthesia machine ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2003
This case report describes a patient with an atrial tachycardia that was difficult to induce and that originated from the superior vena cava. Although the patient had frequent episodes of tachycardia, the tachycardia induced in the electrophysiological laboratory was nonsustained and could not be adequately localized for focal ablation. A ...
Donti Andrea - - 2003
The association between recurrent episodes of pulmonary embolism, stroke, and congenital anomalies of the clotting system features a condition of increased risk of recurrences despite anticoagulant therapy. We report the successful management of this association with percutaneous closure of the foramen ovale and placement of an inferior caval vein filter.
Mantovani Vittorio - - 2003
We describe a case of impending paradoxical embolism of a 22 cm long thromboembolus, straddling over a patent foramen ovale, detected by transthoracic and transesophageal echo 11 days after a coronary artery bypass operation. The patient underwent successful emergency removal of the clot and closure of the patent foramen ovale. ...
Eggstein S - - 2003
Liver tumors located near the retrohepatic vena cava are often considered nonresectable. For these patients cryoablation could be a therapeutic option. In this study the safety and efficacy of hepatic cryosurgery involving the retrohepatic vena cava were investigated. Cryolesions involving the vena cava were created in 26 pigs. Follow-up was ...
Barbaix E - - 2003
A case is presented of a combination of anatomical anomalies found in a 67-year-old female cadaver during routine dissection by medical students. They include a thyromediastinal muscle, a truncus bicaroticobrachialis, and a left superior vena cava, with complete absence of the right superior vena cava, but with a normal azygos ...
Joshi Akash - - 2003
The authors report a case of complete thrombotic occlusion of the inferior vena cava (IVC), which occurred 4 weeks after placement of an IVC filter (TrapEase; Cordis, Miami FL). Initial treatment with suction thrombectomy and thrombolysis was ineffective. Percutaneous removal of the filter was unsuccessful because of the long period ...
Castellan L - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Filter cerebral protection during carotid stenting has been proposed as a new tool to reduce brain embolism. Angiographic findings (filter patency), pathological analysis of the collected materials inside the filters and coagulation parameters were analyzed to identify potential down sides in the use of these protection devices. ...
Maniscalco Mauro - - 2003
Orthodeoxia-platypnea is a rare but increasingly recognized syndrome of upright hypoxemia usually associated to breathlessness relieved by recumbency. We report the case of isolated orthodeoxia discovered in a military recruit who referred only fatigability as the clinical symptom after a forced march. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated the presence of interatrial defect ...
Gayer G - - 2003
We describe a possible relationship between inferior vena cava anomalies and extensive thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and the iliac and femoral veins. An anomaly of the inferior vena cava should be considered in young patients who present with deep vein thrombosis of the femoral and iliac veins. Coagulation ...
Burri Haran - - 2003
Drainage of the inferior vena cava to the left atrium is an extremely unusual congenital heart disease. We describe a 54-year-old woman, in whom the diagnosis was suggested by transthoracic echocardiography, and then confirmed by a transesophageal exam and magnetic resonance imaging, which also revealed an associated secundum atrial septal ...
Toni Roberto - - 2003
Knowledge of anatomic variability of the superior (STA), inferior (ITA), and lowest accessory (IMA) thyroid arteries may be helpful in certain clinical conditions. However, details of this variability have not been thoroughly described. Specifically, whether the presence and site of origin of STA, ITA, and IMA are influenced by the ...
JasiƄski Ryszard - - 2003
The frequent use of veins in surgery, especially in the replacement of clogged arteries in the lower extremities, persuaded the authors to conduct research concerning the morphology of superficial veins in the human upper extremity. In a post-mortem study a group of 40 male subjects of 22-92 years of age ...
Schutzer Richard - - 2003
The TrapEase filter is a permanent, symmetric nitinol filter that can be deployed through a low-profile sheath. Although the TrapEase is enjoying an increasing market share of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters, there are still limited clinical follow-up data on its use. This study is a retrospective review of 189 ...
Maruyama Mitsunori - - 2003
We sought to characterize the electrical activity within the persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC), which normally becomes the ligament of Marshall (LOM) that is known to be related to the genesis of atrial tachyarrhythmias. A 20-pole electrode catheter was used to record the entire activation sequence in the LSVC ...
Shiotani Seiji - - 2003
PURPOSE: To delineate cardiac structures on postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) and quantitatively to prove dilatation of the heart after death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our subjects were 50 PMCT of non-traumatic deaths and 50 CT of living persons (live CT). We measured maximal and minimal diameters of the superior vena cava ...
Uzun Ahmet - - 2003
During educational dissections we observed a phrenic ganglion on the nerve of the phrenic artery originating from the upper pole of the right coeliac ganglion, which accompanied the right inferior phrenic artery on a female cadaver at the age of 34. In our case the left coeliac ganglion, the inferior ...
Hakami A - - 2003
A 26 year old man who presented with the first signs of right heart failure was found to have a large congenital aneurysm of the aortic sinus of Valsalva and of the left coronary sinus. These were combined with left heart anomalies in the form of a bicuspid aortic valve, ...
Arjomand Heidar - - 2003
A 55-year-old man suffered head injury during a motor vehicle accident. He underwent a prophylactic inferior vena cava Greenfield filter placement. The filter migrated and lodged in the right ventricle at the level of the tricuspid valve. Successful percutaneous, transvenous retrieval of the Greenfield filter from the right ventricle was ...
Van Praagh S - - 2003
Since the posterior wall of the right superior vena cava (RSVC) is contiguous with the anterior wall of the right upper pulmonary veins, a localized defect in this common wall may create a cavopulmonary venous confluence without eliminating the normal connection of the same right pulmonary veins with the left ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2002
We present a case of a 38-year-old woman with intravenous leiomyomatosis originating from the uterus involving the right ventricle, right atrium, inferior vena cava, and iliac veins. Tumors in the heart and the inferior vena cava were removed using cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest; 10 days after the cardiac operation, ...
Cisneros Ana I - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the inferior epigastric artery and the development of pathological intimal thickenings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The inferior epigastric artery structure was studied with conventional histology techniques, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and morphometry. RESULTS: The inferior epigastric artery develops 2 types of intimal thickenings: physiological and pathological. In ...
Okano Takahisa - - 2002
We report on 17-year-old Fontan candidate with a severely distorted central pulmonary artery (PA) who underwent a successful extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using a Y-shaped bifurcated graft. A nonanatomic pathway from the inferior vena cava to the left PA was constructed and positioned anterior to the ascending aorta. The other ...
Kler T S - - 2002
Access to the right side of the heart for diagnostic and interventional procedures is usually obtained via the femoral vein and inferior vena cava. Anatomic variations or obstruction of the inferior vena cava can make this access difficult. In such cases, alternative routes to the right side of the heart ...
Nadkarni Sanjay - - 2002
A retrievable Günther Tulip caval filter (William Cook, Europe) was successfully placed and retrieved in the superior vena cava for upper extremity deep venous thrombosis in a 56-year-old woman. Bilateral subclavian and internal jugular venous thromboses thought secondary to placement of multiple central venous catheters were present. There have been ...
Kakkis Jane L - - 2002
We report an unusual case of a patient with diminished cardiac output caused by systemic venous occlusions of unclear etiology with a history of idiopathic fibrosing mediastinitis and retroperitoneal fibrosis. On thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic venograms, the patient was previously known to have superior vena caval and infrarenal inferior vena ...
Takagi Hitoshi - - 2002
We report a 26-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Budd-Chiari syndrome following consultation for a skin nodule in the lower extremity. Histopathological examination of a biopsy specimen showed features of erythema induratum. As part of the diagnostic work-up, chest roentgenography performed to rule out possible tuberculosis showed enlarged right lower ...
Abe Masakazu - - 2002
A 5-day-old boy with mitral atresia and restrictive interatrial communication underwent an anastomosis between the left atrial appendage and left superior vena cava draining to the right atrium after unsuccessful balloon atrial septostomy. Consequent reduction of left atrial pressure improved the child's clinical condition, enabling palliative surgery. This procedure may ...
Krasemann T - - 2003
The absence of the right superior vena cava (SVC) is usually associated with the presence of a left SVC. This is the first report of a case of systemic venous return without the presence of either upper caval veins. The blood of the upper half of the body was collected ...
Mirilas Petros - - 2002
The term inferior pulmonary ligament needs to be revised. There is no superior component to oppose the inferior. By all means the pulmonary ligament is not a ligament, and the term ligament should be reserved for regularly oriented thick connective tissue bundles between bones. The term triangular ligament describes its ...
Rajab Khalil E - - 2002
This report describes the clinical findings and outcome of a patient suffering from septic postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Treatment modalities are well described and range from hysterectomy and thrombectomy to the use of vena cava filters in combination with anticoagulation and antibiotics. Defervescence with a combination infusion of tissue plasminogen ...
Bliss Stuart P - - 2002
A 4-year-old, castrated male Maltese developed cranial vena caval thrombosis and chylothorax following central venous catheterization for treatment of postoperative sepsis. Vena caval thrombolysis was attempted using recombinant human tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA). Thrombolytic therapy led to an acute reduction in the size of the caval thrombus and was followed by ...
Porcellini Massimo - - 2002
The nitinol TrapEase inferior vena cava filter is a new device for pulmonary embolism prophylaxis. No cases of filter migration or filter-related complications with this type of device have so far been described. We report a case of intracardiac migration of this filter in a patient with a patent foramen ...
Danikas D - - 2002
Percutaneous placement of vena cava filters through the femoral vein has been associated with insertion site venous thrombosis. Reported incidence varies from 2% to 41%. In the majority of placements, sequential dilators are used to create the venotomy and subcutaneous tract. This technique disrupts all layers of the vein wall. ...
Fujii Hiromichi - - 2002
A 40-year-old woman was diagnosed as intrahepatic hematoma after blunt abdominal trauma. One month later computed tomography (CT) revealed the inferior vena caval thrombus extending into the right atrium. Emergency thrombectomy was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. We believe that the thrombus, which was derived from laceration of the hepatic vein, ...
Alonso-Pérez M - - 2002
Aneurysms of the inferior vena cava are rare. Usually they are diagnosed incidentally or due to the patient having suffered thromboembolic complications. We report one case of a patient admitted due to deep vein thrombosis of his left lower limb in whom a thrombosed mass of the infrarenal vena cava ...
Huang Yi-Luan - - 2002
The presence of a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common congenital disorder of thoracic venous anomaly. Failure of the left anterior cardinal vein to degenerate results in persistent left superior vena cava. It is usually discovered during central venous catheterization or surgical repair of congenital heart ...
Azocar Ruben J - - 2002
We report the case of a patient with a chest radiograph suggestive of intraarterial placement of a central venous catheter. On investigation, the catheter was located in a previously undiagnosed persistent left superior vena cava.
Lurito K J - - 2002
A previously healthy 14-year-old boy with an atypically located primary cardiac osteosarcoma filling the right atrium with significant extension into both systemic and pulmonary venous structures presented with a clinical picture of heart failure. Imaging showed a large right atrial mass with posterior extension into right pulmonary veins and inferior ...
Sundaram Chandru P - - 2002
PURPOSE: To our knowledge we present the initial clinical report of hand assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 76-year-old man was referred to our medical center with a 12.5 x 10 cm. stage T3b right ...
Sullivan V V - - 2002
Inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysms are extremely rare, with only 18 reported cases in the world literature. These aneurysms are categorized as acquired, congenital, or associated with arteriovenous fistulae. Thrombosis of an IVC aneurysm can lead to IVC syndrome characterized by massive lower extremity edema, pulmonary embolism, or even death. ...
Yoshinaga Kazuya - - 2002
This is a morphological study on an autopsy case of horseshoe kidney found in a 79-year-old-female cadaver. This kidney consisted of two distinct renal masses that were connected at their lower poles by a parenchymal isthmus that was located in the front of the abdominal aorta at the level of ...
Yazama Futoshi - - 2002
During student dissecting practice, a rare developmental anomaly showing persistent sciatic artery (PSA) was found in the bilateral lower limbs of a 74-year-old Japanese male cadaver. The PSA was a continuation of the internal iliac artery on both sides, did not anastomose with the perforating arteries and ended by anastomosing ...
Tomita Hideshi - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to clarify desired stent sizes for stenotic lesions in the post-Fontan circulation. Using angiograms from 22 patients before and at late follow-up (> or = 15 years) after the Fontan operation, we measured the maximum diameters of the proximal pulmonary arteries (PA) and the ...
Tay Kiang-Hiong - - 2002
A patient presented with iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, a small pulmonary embolism, and a paradoxic embolus to the axillary artery resulting from a patent foramen ovale (PFO). As prophylaxis against further paradoxic emboli while awaiting percutaneous PFO closure, a Günther Tulip inferior vena cava (IVC) filter was implanted. To prevent ...
Kursaklioglu Hurkan - - 2002
Persistent left superior vena cava is an unusual congenital anomaly that can coexist with accessory atrioventricular pathways. This anomaly can cause difficulty in mapping because of the dilated coronary sinus. This study describes a successful catheter ablation in a young male with persistent left superior vena cava and Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome ...
Granel Brigitte - - 2002
Hypoplasia of the inferior vena cava can be revealed by a deep venous thrombosis of the lower limbs. Associated precipitating factors or clotting defects leading to thrombosis are frequently observed. A case of bilateral iliac veins thrombosis occurring after a motor vehicle accident with seat belt injury is reported, revealing ...
Lochbuehler Helmut - - 2002
The authors present a case of an aneurysm of the inferior vena cava in a 5-year-old boy. The boy suffered from acute pulmonary and paradoxical cerebral embolism after a minor abdominal trauma. Magnetic resonance angiography was the key for correct diagnosis of the retroperitoneal process and helped develop a strategy ...
Berg Ansgar - - 2002
Haemoptysis was the presenting symptom in a 27-year-old male. He had undergone a Mustard operation for connection of complete transposition at the age of 2 years. For 6 months prior to admission, he had complained of dyspnoea without chestpain, and swelling of the fingers during hard physical work. Chest radiography ...
Belgrano Emanuele - - 2002
Surgical management of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with a tumour thrombus that infiltrates the caval wall or extends above the hepatic veins can be problematic. Total control of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) is mandatory in order to prevent thrombus mobilization and minimize blood loss. Pump-driven veno-venous bypass (VVB), ...
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