Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1708
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Jungraithmayr W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the liver, efficacy of cryosurgical ablation of tumors located near the retrohepatic vena cava is impaired by the heat-sink effect. This could be overcome by total vascular exclusion (TVE) of the liver. In this study, the effect of TVE on cryosurgical ablation of liver tissue close to the ...
Obernosterer Andrea - - 2004
With magnetic resonance angiography and computed tomography, congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava are diagnosed more frequently than they used to be. Accessory renal arteries identified by magnetic resonance angiography in a patient with an anomalous inferior vena cava indicated a combination of arterial and venous abnormalities. The study ...
Cademartiri Filippo - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of saline chaser in 16-row multislice CT (16-MSCT) coronary angiography. Forty-two patients were divided into two groups for contrast material (CM) administration: group 1 (140 ml at 4 ml/s) and group 2 (100 ml at 4 ml/s followed by 40 ...
Rodefeld Mark D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Following Fontan palliation, the univentricular circulation is notable for coexisting systemic venous hypertension and pulmonary arterial hypotension. Assisted cavopulmonary blood flow to overcome this pressure gradient would restore the circulation to one more closely resembling normal two-ventricle physiology. We hypothesized that mechanical augmentation of cavopulmonary blood flow would provide ...
Gadhinglajkar S V - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To present a complication which occurred in relation to drainage of left superior vena cava. METHODS: A 25-year-old patient underwent intracardiac repair for Tetralogy of Fallot. Left superior vena cava was present. It was drained by insertion of a left ventricular sump vent catheter via coronary sinus. The immediate ...
Migliavacca Francesco - - 2003
Fluid dynamics of Total Cavo-Pulmonary Connection (TCPC) were studied in 3-D models based on real dimensions obtained by Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. Models differ in terms of shape (intra- or extra-cardiac conduit) and cross section (with or without patch enlargement) of the inferior caval (IVC) anastomosis connection. Realistic pulsatile flows ...
Gomes Marcelo P V - - 2003
A 32-year-old man with testicular carcinoma is diagnosed with an acute left leg deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during his fourth cycle of combination chemotherapy. Because of anticipated moderate to severe thrombocytopenia, anticoagulation is initially avoided and an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is placed to prevent pulmonary embolism (PE). After ...
Newkirk Lee - - 2003
PURPOSE: Chondroblastic osteosarcoma requiring surgical intervention is associated with a high risk of pulmonary tumour embolism. Rapid intraoperative diagnosis with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) allowed changing the management plan and treatment of a life-threatening pathology. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 32-yr-old female with right pelvic chondrosarcoma presented for right hemipelvectomy. Two hours into ...
Sherman Jonathan H - - 2003
Dissection of an adult male cadaver revealed an absence of the left inferior thyroid artery; its usual area of distribution to the thyroid gland was supplied by the right inferior thyroid artery. Absence of the left inferior thyroid artery occurs in 1-6% of cases. The inferior thyroid artery arises commonly ...
Hirose Masaya - - 2003
A prenatally diagnosed aneurysm of the vein of Galen was presented in the fetus of a patient referred to our hospital at 31 weeks of gestation. Ultrasonography demonstrated polyhydramnios, cardiomegaly, dilatation of the right atrium and superior vena cava, tricuspid valve regurgitation, hydrocephalus, and a large hypoechoic mass with blood ...
Billing J Stephen - - 2003
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction most commonly results from malignant disease of the superior mediastinum, which is amenable to percutaneous stenting. Superior vena cava syndrome can also be caused by transvenous pacemaker electrodes and indwelling venous catheters, when it may be refractory to minimally invasive treatment. We report 2 patients ...
Vrachliotis Thomas G - - 2003
PURPOSE: To present percutaneous management of extensive clot trapped in a temporary inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old man with a large sacral tumor and left external iliac vein thrombosis had a wire-mounted Günther temporary filter (GTF) prophylactically placed in the infrarenal IVC prior to tumor resection. ...
Yamagami T - - 2003
The purpose of our study is to evaluate the safety of insertion and removal of the retrievable vena cava filter and the efficacy of this filter in preventing pulmonary embolism during treatment of stenosis or obstruction of the lower extremity due to deep venous thrombosis. We retrospectively evaluated placement of ...
Sato T - - 2003
A 2-year-old girl with cor triatriatum with unroofed coronary sinus and persistent left superior vena cava underwent preoperative radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial tachycardia attack that developed after admission to our hospital. The procedure was not successful. Cryoablation was successfully performed during corrective surgery. Cutting back from the coronary sinus ...
Tohmé Aline - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To describe the features, prognosis, and treatment of vascular involvement in Behçet's disease (BD). PATIENTS: Among 140 patients with BD seen at the Hôtel-Dieu Hospital in Beirut between 1980 and 2000, 18 (13%) had vascular involvement and were included in this retrospective study. All these patients fulfilled International Study ...
Imanishi N - - 2003
Veins in the paraumbilical region were investigated in eight fresh cadavers, in which radiopaque materials were injected into both the arterial and the venous systems, to determine their locational relationship to the arteries. Veins in the skin and subcutaneous tissue consisted of venae comitantes and non-venae comitantes. The main trunk ...
Campbell Joseph J - - 2003
This is a case report of a 29-year-old woman with an infected aortic pseudoaneurysm. Two years previously a bird's nest vena cava filter was placed after complex gastric surgery. Imaging studies and operative findings showed that the pseudoaneurysm was caused by penetration of the aorta by a prong of the ...
Ohmura Shigeo - - 2003
Local anesthetic toxicity produced by an inadvertent IV injection is attenuated by the pulmonary uptake of local anesthetics. We compared the pulmonary uptake of ropivacaine and levobupivacaine after a bolus injection in rabbits. Sixteen anesthetized rabbits were randomly assigned to either a ropivacaine group or a levobupivacaine group. A bolus ...
Varma Praveen K - - 2003
Venous aneurysms arising from the mediastinal systemic veins are rare. There are only 27 reported cases of such aneurysms. Majority arise from the superior vena cava. We are reporting a saccular aneurysm of superior vena cava in a 58-year-old male. The chest radiogram suggested superior mediastinal mass and the computed ...
Fischbach F - - 2003
We report a case of glossopharyngeal neuralgia with vascular compression. High-resolution MRI at 3 tesla demonstrated the posterior inferior cerebellar artery to be closely related to the rootlets of the left glossopharyngeal nerve in a patient who suffered attacks of burning sensation in the left side of the throat. The ...
Wang Z P - - 2003
A 12-year-old girl complained of tachycardia and dyspnea after exertion but without cyanosis. Her echocardiogram showed an ASD and a widened inferior vena cava. A difference in PO2 between inferior and superior vena cava was evident. An anastomosis between left atrium and pulmonary vein, and a long oval pericardium to ...
Joels Charles S - - 2003
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters offer a safe and effective means of preventing pulmonary embolus and have reduced complications when compared to earlier techniques of caval interruption. However, despite continued improvement in filters and insertion methods, complications still occur. Pneumothorax, hemorrhage, and vessel injury may result while obtaining vascular access. ...
Koh K S - - 2003
The topography and the course of the facial artery were investigated in 47 Korean cadavers. The final branch of the facial artery was the lateral nasal branch in 44.0% whereas it was the angular branch in 36.3% of the cases. In 54.5% of the cases, the facial artery ended symmetrically. ...
Bandyopadhyay S K - - 2003
A 38 years female presented with three episodes of venous thrombosis over one year--first in left femoral vein, next in splenic vein causing haematemesis and malena and lastly in inferior vena cava causing Budd-Chiari syndrome. During third episode, endoscopic cholangiopancreatography and guided biopsy established a diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma at the ...
Papavassiliou V G - - 2003
The coexistence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and venous abnormalities is unusual. In this article two cases of AAA with concomitant abnormalities of a retroaortic left renal vein and left-sided inferior vena cava are presented.
Arranz J - - 2003
Graft ischemia-reperfusion injury during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is associated with anatomic and pathologic disorders in the graft, which may cause initial dysfunction. The object of this paper was to evaluate sIL-2r as an indicator of liver damage during graft reperfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples were drawn from 20 ...
Wells Winfield - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Completion of the Fontan procedure is frequently performed by using an extracardiac conduit between the inferior vena cava and the pulmonary artery. Most centers use a polytetrafluoroethylene graft for the extracardiac conduit, and because re-endothelialization is unlikely, anticoagulation is used for a variable period. This study explores the use ...
Gada Hemal G - - 2003
Development of a paradoxical embolus to the carotid circulation through a patent foramen ovale is uncommon but well documented. Previous surgical experience with this entity is limited. Treatment for this condition typically involves anticoagulation or the use of an inferior vena cava filter with concurrent closure of the patent foramen ...
Perles Zeev - - 2003
The ductus venosus connects the portal and umbilical veins with the inferior vena cava and acts as a sphincter to protect the fetus from placental overcirculation. Its absence usually causes hydrops fetalis and is associated with high mortality rate, chromosomal anomalies and congenital malformations. In this condition, the umbilical vein ...
Köklü Seyfettin - - 2003
Thrombosis is a rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). A 43-year-old male patient with SVCS due to thrombosis underwent investigation for the etiology of thrombus formation. He had been hospitalized several times because of lead intoxication in the past. Lead has a known thrombogenetic effect experimentally. This patient ...
Schummer W - - 2003
Variations in the course of the blood vessels are often incidental findings during clinical examination. A persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is really not rare (healthy individuals, 0.3-0.5%; patients with congenital heart disease, 4%) and serious complications have been described during catheterization in adults with LSVC (shock, cardiac arrest, ...
Rhodes John F - - 2003
Patients who suffer from an embolic event often undergo placement of an inferior vena caval filter. Few data are available regarding treatment of this patient population with concurrent right-to-left shunting across an atrial communication. We report four cases of transcatheter device closure of an atrial communication across an inferior vena ...
Hirai Ichiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The inferior vena cava ligament is a fibrous membrane located around the inferior vena cava. Few reports exist on the ligament's location, attachment to the liver, or the inferior vena cava. METHODOLOGY: We obtained 16 specimens of human liver and inferior vena cava from cadavers. The inferior vena cava ...
Cura Marco - - 2003
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are abnormal communications between the arterial and the venous systems. We describe two cases in which an aortocaval fistula (ACF) and a deep femoral AVF were diagnosed on dynamic computer tomography (CT) by early transient enhancement of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Awareness of the specific CT ...
Eash Heide J - - 2003
A respiratory catheter that is inserted through a peripheral vein and placed within the vena cava is being developed for CO2 removal in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The catheter uses a rapidly pulsating balloon to enhance gas exchange. In this study, the CO2 removal ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2003
A glutaraldehyde preserved valved bovine jugular xenograft mounted in a nitinol 'Z' stent, expandable from 7 to 28 mm of internal diameter, was evaluated in vitro (column of water developing a pressure of 45 mmHg and a mock loop including a pulsatile pump) and in vivo in five adult pigs ...
Brountzos Elias N - - 2003
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and safety of percutaneous retrieval of a new inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, the Recovery Filter (RF), acutely and after 12-week implantation in sheep. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The RF is a bilevel filter with stabilizing arms and elastic hooks that allow retrieval with a unique ...
Takahashi Junichiro - - 2003
Antithrombin III (AT III) deficiency is a rare hereditary disease that predisposes to thromboembolic complications. We report a case of AT III deficiency complicated with acute pulmonary thromboembolism, successfully treated with emergency pulmonary thromboembolectomy after insertion of an inferior vena cava filter. AT III activity before treatment was found to ...
Natsis K - - 2003
Anomalous anatomic location of a large venous system is a very important assessment before aortic operations. Ours was an anatomical finding of a case of preaortic iliac confluence, a variation also known as 'marsupial vena cava'. As abdominal aortic surgery is currently performed routinely, rare anatomical anomalies must be spotted, ...
Edizer Mete - - 2003
The aim of the study was to investigate the arterial anatomy of the lower lip. The location, course, length, and diameter of the inferior labial artery and the sublabial artery were revealed by bilateral meticulous anatomic dissections in 14 adult male preserved cadaver heads. Another cadaver head was used for ...
Yilmaz M - - 2003
An anomalous course of the left brachiocephalic vein behind the aortic arch was identified in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot. A 6-year-old male patient had been admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot and patent foramen ovale. At the beginning of the operation the left ...
Pahwa Rajit - - 2003
Persistent left superior vena cava is a relatively rare vascular anomaly. It is, however, the most common variation in the thoracic venous system. The anomaly is typically detected on chest x-ray after the placement of a pulmonary artery catheter or pacemaker leads. This report describes a case of persistent left ...
Kruithof Boudewijn P T - - 2003
After the development of the linear heart tube, additional myocardium is formed leading to the muscular mantle around the caval and pulmonary veins and the muscular septa in the embryonic heart. Here, we report the results of our in vivo and in vitro studies of this late myocardium-generating process in ...
Hauser A C - - 2003
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is associated with a high risk of thrombosis, particularly in the peripheral, cerebral, and abdominal veins. We report a patient with an occlusion of the hepatic veins and a slit shape narrowing of the cava inferior consistent with the Budd-Chiari syndrome in whom intravenous fibrinolytic therapy ...
Nishinari Kenji - - 2003
Idiopathic aneurysm of the inferior vena cava is rare. Many aneurysms are asymptomatic; others are diagnosed after complications develop. Ganglioneuroma is an infrequently occurring benign tumor preferentially located in the mediastinum and retroperitoneum. Generally the clinical manifestations are symptoms of compression related to growth of the mass. We present a ...
Hassankhani Alborz - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Conduction velocity (CV) around the tricuspid valve annulus (TVA) during type 1 atrial flutter (AFL) has been shown to be slowest in the tricuspid valve-inferior vena cava (TV-IVC) isthmus, compared to the septal or free wall segments of the TVA. However, fiber orientation in the triangle-of-Koch suggests that the ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2003
Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava such as absence or atresia are uncommon vascular defects and result from aberrant development during embryogenesis. We report a case of a young female patient affected by proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) complicated by liver and pulmonary embolism; subsequent extensive evaluation revealed the ...
Okiemy G - - 2003
Non-small cell lung cancer invading the visceral pleura is characterized by a particular richness of mediastinal lymph node (LN) metastases. This may be due to subpleural lymphatic drainage of tumor cells. The aim of this study was to determine mediastinal LN lymphatic drainage from the diaphragmatic pleura. Subpleural lymphatics of ...
Hofland J - - 2003
Agreement between continuously measured oxygen consumption during quantitative closed system anaesthesia and intermittently Fick-derived calculated oxygen consumption was assessed in 11 patients undergoing simultaneous occlusion of the aorta and inferior vena cava for hypoxic treatment of pancreatic cancer. All patients were mechanically ventilated using a quantitative closed system anaesthesia machine ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2003
This case report describes a patient with an atrial tachycardia that was difficult to induce and that originated from the superior vena cava. Although the patient had frequent episodes of tachycardia, the tachycardia induced in the electrophysiological laboratory was nonsustained and could not be adequately localized for focal ablation. A ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >