Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1707
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Cho Byoung Chul - - 2004
Interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC) with azygos continuation is an uncommon vascular anomaly that results from aberrant development during embryogenesis. We report a rare case of this anomaly, presenting with massive pulmonary embolism. Subsequent evaluation with abdominal CT scan revealed the congenital absence of retrohepatic IVC. The patient ...
Awadalla Hany - - 2004
We present three patients with cryptogenic stroke who underwent transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale. All patients have had history of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism with placement of inferior vena caval filters. The patients were not initially considered suitable candidates for the procedure because of risk of ...
Henkle Gregory - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the referral patterns for inferior vena caval filtration and explore the relationship between delays in filter insertion and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 101 consecutive inferior vena caval filters inserted in 101 patients in a university hospital between the June 2000 and ...
Ho Vincent B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with aortic coarctation and dissection; hence, echocardiographic evaluation of all patients is currently recommended. X-ray angiography in clinically symptomatic patients has suggested a range of other vascular anomalies, but the true prevalence of such lesions in TS is unknown. To better understand the prevalence ...
Windisch Gunther - - 2004
During a dissection course, an unusual vascularization of the thyroid gland was found in a 69-year-old human male cadaver. On the right side, two arteries from the thyrocervical trunk supplied the lower half of the right lobe of the thyroid gland: the inferior thyroid artery and an additional vessel with ...
Kitayama Daisuke - - 2004
We describe a 66-year-old man having hepatocellular carcinoma with tumor thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava and synchronous pulmonary metastasis. He was referred to Chiba University Hospital on May, 2000, complaining of emaciation. Radiological findings showed a huge hepatocellular carcinoma in the entire right lobe and tumor thrombus extended ...
Atalar O - - 2004
The venous drainage of the heart in porcupines (Hystrix cristata) was investigated. Each of the five adult porcupines (three males, two females) was injected with a coloured latex mixture via the V. cava caudalis for the demonstration of the cardiac veins. The dissection of the specimens revealed that the venous ...
Krishnamoorthy K Mahadevan - - 2004
In a patient with native aortic valve endocarditis, transoesphageal echocardiography yielded a teddy bear appearance which is not reported so far. A perivalvular abscess (right ear), the superior vena cava in cross section (left ear) and the dilated (post-stenotic) aortic root (face) made up the teddy bear. This was not ...
Yuniadi Yoga - - 2004
We report the case of a patient with persistent cardiac rhythm originating from the superior vena cava (3 cm above the vena cava-atrial junction). It was detected by noncontact balloon mapping before induction of tachycardia and confirmed by conventional contact mapping with image studies. Thus, a 12-lead ECG showing normal ...
Leggio Massimo - - 2004
Infrahepatic interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare but well-documented finding. In this condition, the IVC between renal and hepatic vein is absent and the hepatic veins directly empty into the right atrium; because of the enlargement of the azygos-hemiazygos vein system, this condition could mimic aortic ...
Purohit Manoj - - 2004
Fenestrating an extracardiac conduit used for total cavopulmonary connection normally requires an additional incision on the right-sided atrium and is time consuming. Herein we describe an alternative technique that may be used to facilitate this process, which consists of creating the fenestration by using part of the atrial incision resulting ...
Simsek S. - - 2004
Anomaly of the inferior vena cava (IVC) as a cause of (recurrent) deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is uncommon. We report on a 33-year-old patient suffering from this unusual cause of DVT without the presence of known predisposing factors (immobilization, trauma, surgery, or underlying thrombophilia). Thus, in young patients with recurrent ...
Aziz Aamer - - 2004
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary interlobar fissures are important landmarks for proper identification of normal pulmonary anatomy and evaluation of disease. The purpose of this study was to define the radiologic anatomy of the pulmonary fissures using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in a large population. METHODS: HRCT of the lungs ...
Giglia Joseph S - - 2004
Venous anomalies are not infrequently encountered during aortoiliac reconstruction, because of the complexity of development of the venous system. Retroaortic left renal veins, duplicate inferior vena cava (IVC), and left-sided IVC are occasionally found. Left-sided IVC has been reported with infrarenal aortic aneurysms. We report successful repair of a thoracoabdominal ...
Sakai Kenya - - 2004
A 92-year-old woman with a brain tumor developed swelling of the left lower extremity. Venography showed considerable thrombi from the left common iliac vein to the femoral vein. Following implantation of a temporary inferior vena cava filter, catheter aspiration therapy and catheter-directed thrombolysis were performed. Venography after 3 days showed ...
O'Dey D M - - 2004
AIM: In order to prevent wound healing problems around the transposed umbilicus following abdominoplasty, we investigated the arterial vascularisation of the abdominal wall with special regard to the umbilicus. The aim was to optimise the planning of the umbilical stalk and flap design. METHOD: The inferior and superior epigastric arteries ...
Epstein J - - 2004
The inferior epigastric artery (IEA) is at risk of injury in laparoscopic surgery. Current descriptions of the course of the IEA do not provide surface landmarks useful to the surgeon. This study aimed to define surface relations and propose guidelines for safer trocar placement. The posterior surfaces of the anterior ...
Ohwada Susumu - - 2004
Malignant neoplasms rarely extend into the inferior vena cava and up to the right side of the heart. Although massive pulmonary tumor embolism occurs relatively rarely, it can be a catastrophic problem. Intraoperative pulmonary tumor embolism and cardiac arrest occurred in a 68-year-old woman while dissecting the inferior vena cava ...
Sung Yon Mi - - 2005
We present a case of retroperitoneal arteriovenous malformation extending through the inferior vena cava into the heart, which was associated with dissection of the inferior vena cava in a 32-year-old female. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a double-lumen inferior vena cava and a rod-like solid component attached to ...
Schmitt Hubert J - - 2004
This report highlights the importance of accurate interpretation of even small intraoperative capnography changes. In this case, an otherwise unexplained sudden small decrease in end-expiratory carbon dioxide tension (P(ET)CO2) led to the detection of a deep venous thrombus. During the surgery of a 34-year-old woman with a known carcinoma of ...
Krzanowski Marek - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patency of the central veins is mandatory for proper function of hemodialysis fistula created at the upper extremities. CASE REPORT: We present a case of dilatation of right brachiocephalic vein (RBCV) stenosis using a Wallstent implanted through the wall of another Wallstent, which had formerly been inserted into the ...
Yoshida W B - - 2004
AIM: The authors assess a modified Greenfield filter (GF) for the long-term patency, filter tilting and histopathologic alterations of the inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS: Adult sheep (n=7) underwent modified GF placement in the IVC. Cavograms were obtained every 3 months and pulmonary angiography at 12 months. Histopathologic and scanning ...
Amir Gabriel - - 2004
A heretofore undescribed surgical approach for correcting a rare congenital cardiac malformation consisting of an absent right superior vena cava with persistent left superior vena cava associated with situs solitus draining into the left atrium is presented. The intra-atrial septum was intact. Normal anatomy was achieved and recovery was uneventful.
Thompson Ellen - - 2004
Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a common congenital abnormality, and operative repair is a routine, safe procedure. Diversion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) into the left atrium is an unusual complication following ASD closure. We report a case that illustrates the problem created by this right-to-left shunt. A middle-aged ...
Huwer Hanno - - 2004
We describe the case of a 39-year-old man with a diagnosis of inferior vena cava compression caused by metastases of a testicular seminoma, who developed massive pulmonary embolism. Emergency operation was performed because of acute hemodynamic deterioration. Preoperatively, a free-floating mass was seen echocardiographically in the right atrium. Intraoperatively, a ...
Truong Mylene T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the computed tomography (CT) features of the pericardial "sleeve" recess of the right inferior pulmonary vein misinterpreted as adenopathy. METHOD: Six patients with fluid in the pericardial sleeve recess mistaken for adenopathy were retrospectively identified. The following CT features were assessed: ...
Lappegård Knut Tore - - 2004
Implantation of a permanent pacemaker system is most commonly performed by puncturing the left subclavian vein and introducing the pacemaker lead(s) through the superior caval vein to the right atrium and/or ventricle. Occasionally, a persistent left superior caval vein is encountered peroperatively, complicating the procedure. This article describes three such ...
Ruurda J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the infrarenal aorta for aneurysms is routinely performed through laparotomy. A less invasive videoscopic approach has not gained wide acceptance due to technical difficulties. Robotic systems could potentially improve imaging of the operative field and surgeon's dexterity during videoscopic surgery and therefore might facilitate the performance of ...
Khurana Anand - - 2004
With increasing use of echocardiography, especially transesophageal echocardiography, the diagnosis of intracardiac masses has surged. Masses that are most commonly seen in the atrial chambers include thrombi due to atrial fibrillation, cardiac myxomas often located in the atria, and valvular vegetations of infective endocarditis. In this report we present a ...
Dawson Debbie - - 2004
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether inferior vena cava filters were better than standard anticoagulation therapy in reducing pulmonary emboli in patients with proximal vein lower limb DVTs. Altogether 463 papers were found using the reported search, of which one presented the best evidence to answer ...
Georghiou G P - - 2004
A case of postoperative pulmonary artery catheterisation complicated by knotting of the catheter (Swan-Ganz) within the superior vena cava is described. The catheter was cut off at the skin entry site. The remainder, together with the knot, was pulled out through a purse string incision in the superior vena cava.
Kurisu Kazuhiro - - 2004
We report on a 63-year-old man with an absence of right superior vena cava in visceroatrial situs solitus who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Preoperative echocardiography showed a dilated coronary sinus, and venography confirmed an absent right and a persistent left superior vena cava. Perioperatively, placement of a pulmonary artery ...
Oikawa Takehiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We investigated the advantages of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during inferior vena caval tumor thrombectomy in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Five patients with RCC that extended into the inferior vena cava (IVC) underwent radical nephrectomy. To remove the tumor thrombus in the IVC, an inflated Fogarty balloon catheter ...
Malagari K - - 2004
Idiopathic fibrosing mediastinitis is a rare entity involving more severely the more compliant structures within the mediastinum. In this report a rare case of simultaneous involvement of both the superior vena cava (SVC) and pulmonary veins is described in a 16--year old male with progressive dyspnea on exertion, cough and ...
Gomez M-A - - 2004
Aneurysms of the azygos vein are often asymptomatic, detected on a chest radiograph simulating paratracheal mass. When the aneurysm is totally thrombosed, it is impossible to distinguish it from another cause of mediastinal mass. A case is presented in which partial thrombosis of the aneurysm and communication with the superior ...
Aribas Olgun Kadir - - 2004
Paragangliomas are uncommon slow-growing neuroendocrine tumors that may arise from the extra-adrenal paraganglia. Paragangliomas of the inferior and superior laryngeal paraganglia are known as laryngeal paraganglioma. Inferior laryngeal paraganglioma, which is also called subglottic paraganglioma, is very seldomly observed. To our knowledge only 24 patients with subglottic paraganglioma have been ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2004
Venous leiomyosarcomas are rare and arise predominantly in the inferior vena cava (IVC). The clinical findings are nonspecific and may precede the diagnosis by several years. IVC leiomyosarcoma is predominantly seen in women. Intracavitary extension of vascular tumors tends to result from embolization or propagation along great veins, and this ...
Terada Yasuji - - 2004
We describe an unusual case of an invasive thymoma protruding into the superior vena cava and left brachiocephalic vein through the thymic veins in a 64-year-old patient. The tumor was resected with a bypass of the right brachiocephalic vein and right atrium. Although this type of growth form is rare ...
Izutani Hironori - - 2004
Migration of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter to the heart after placement is an extremely rare complication. The case of a 42-year-old man who presented with ventricular arrhythmia and tricuspid valve regurgitation, and underwent open heart surgery to extract an IVC filter from the right ventricle 12 days after ...
Zamora Carlos Armando - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report the use of the self-expanding Wallstent as an alternative to prophylactic inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement before embolization of renal carcinomas with tumor thrombus. CASE REPORTS: Two patients, a 71-year-old man and an 88-year-old woman, were diagnosed with extensive tumor infiltration of the IVC secondary to ...
Chen Chien-Chang - - 2004
A 44-year-old man underwent reoperative repair for ascending aortic aneurysm at our hospital. He had received aortic valve replacement due to severe aortic regurgitation 4 years previously. The cardiopulmonary bypass was set up through the femoral arterial and venous cannula. An unusual experience of rupture of the abdominal inferior vena ...
Hsia Tain-Yen - - 2004
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: In the Fontan circulation, pulmonary and systemic vascular resistances are in series. The influence of various inferior vena cava to pulmonary artery connections in this unique circulatory arrangement was evaluated using computation fluid dynamics methods. METHODS: Realistic three-dimensional models of total cavopulmonary connections were created from angiographic ...
Wellons Eric - - 2004
Renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus extension into the inferior vena cava (IVC) remains a difficult operative challenge. Placement of a suprarenal "temporary" IVC filter, with its ease of insertion and removal, makes it the ideal treatment to prevent pulmonary embolism in these difficult cases. We report the first 2 ...
Facciuto Marcelo E - - 2004
Vascular isolation of the liver is a useful technique in major hepatic surgery that involves hepatic veins and the inferior vena cava. In some patients, exposure of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava is suboptimal from the abdominal cavity, and extension into the chest is required. This report details technical considerations ...
Erden A - - 2004
We describe a patient in whom endoscopy failed to determine the origin of gastrointestinal bleeding, and magnetic resonance angiography showed dilated inferior pancreaticoduodenal veins that were considered indirect signs of the duodenal angiodysplasia. Incidentally, a connection between the inferior vena cava and the inferior pancreaticoduodenal veins were also noted. Repeat ...
Johnson M Stafford - - 2004
Two dogs, one immature and one adult, were presented with a history of progressive ascites. In a third, immature dog, increasing exercise intolerance had been noted. Echocardiography demonstrated a partition in the right atrium (cor triatriatum dexter) and echocontrast studies documented normal flow from the cranial vena cava into the ...
Gosselin Marc V - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Several artifacts have been observed during contrast-enhanced CT of the pulmonary arteries. We describe a physiological artifact caused by a transient interruption of the contrast column in the pulmonary arteries associated with inspiration immediately prior to imaging. This results from a variable inflow of unopacified blood from the inferior ...
Kurosawa Hisashi - - 2004
Combined resection of the inferior vena cava for hepatobiliary malignancies remains a technical challenge. We successfully resected an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma involving the retrohepatic vena cava, and reconstructed the caval defect using a left renal vein patch graft. The patient was a 79-year-old man. Preoperative ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed that ...
Ozdemir M Bülent - - 2004
An unusual course of the right testicular artery was observed during routine dissection of the posterior abdominal wall of a 60-year-old male cadaver. It arose from the abdominal aorta, inferior and posterior to the origin of the right renal artery, and passed posterior to the inferior vena cava and right ...
Jungraithmayr W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the liver, efficacy of cryosurgical ablation of tumors located near the retrohepatic vena cava is impaired by the heat-sink effect. This could be overcome by total vascular exclusion (TVE) of the liver. In this study, the effect of TVE on cryosurgical ablation of liver tissue close to the ...
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