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Tian Jinwei J Department of Cardiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, The Key Laboratory of Myocardial Ischemia, Chinese Ministry of Education, Harbin, China; Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
The relationship between features of vulnerable plaque and angiographic coronary stenosis is unknown. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the absolute number, relative prevalence, and characteristics of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) at different degrees of stenosis using optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound, and coronary angiography. We identified ...
Zhu Yue-Qi YQ From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
To determine whether arterial wall degeneration, in combination with hemodynamic insult, causes cerebral artery aneurysms in a dog model, we simulated the geometry and hemodynamics of a human artery by surgical reconstruction of both common carotid arteries in 12 dogs. The dogs were then randomly assigned to one of the ...
Ozgüner G G Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the arterial supply to the thyroid gland and the relationship between the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) and the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in fetal cadavers using anatomical dissection. The anterior necks of 200 fetuses were dissected. The origins of the superior thyroid ...
Kishimoto Kentaro K Departments of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the arterial distribution and ischemic effects of various particle sizes after transcatheter embolization of the small bowel in a dog model. In 10 dogs, selective microsphere embolization was performed in six branches of the superior mesenteric artery. Microspheres were allocated into three size ranges (100-300 μm, 300-500 μm, ...
Yu Sun-Kyoung SK Department of Anatomy and Orofacial Development, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to (1) identify the branching pattern and course of the greater palatine artery (GPA), (2) carry out a morphological analysis of the palatal bony prominence that divides the medial and lateral grooves, and (3) characterize the topographical relationships between these two structures. Thirty-six hemimaxillae ...
Kim Seong Ho SH Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2014
Hemodynamic changes in the distal arteries during transfemoral catheterization in children have not been documented. To evaluate arterial flow changes of the lower extremities ipsilateral to the puncture site using Doppler US during transfemoral cerebral angiography in children. Twenty-seven children who underwent transfemoral cerebral angiography at our institution between April ...
Lu Wei-Tian WT Institute of Neuroscience, Chongqing Medical University, 1 Yixueyuan Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400016, - - 2014
This study was conducted to investigate the topographic relationship between the external laryngeal nerve (ELN) loop and the superior thyroid artery (STA), in order to provide the anatomical foundations for protecting the ELN during surgery. In the present study, 48 adult human cadavers were dissected and analyzed. For the 21 ...
Kirk E Christopher EC Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, USA; Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory, Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rooneyia viejaensis is a North American Eocene primate of uncertain phylogenetic affinities. Although the external cranial anatomy of Rooneyia is well studied, various authors have suggested that Rooneyia is a stem haplorhine, stem strepsirrhine, stem tarsiiform, or stem anthropoid. Here we describe the internal cranial anatomy of the Rooneyia holotype ...
Wang J J From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (J.W., H.-Q.T., Y.-Q.Z., M.-H.L., L.Y., Y.-S.C.), Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China; and School of Mechanical Engineering (Z.-Z.L.), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The detailed mechanisms of cerebral aneurysm generation remain unclear. Our aim was to investigate whether specific hemodynamic insult in combination with arterial wall degeneration leads to the development of aneurysms in a canine model. New branch points in the common carotid artery were created in 18 dogs. Nine animals subsequently ...
Cenizo Revuelta N N Division of Vascular Surgery, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Calcifying nanoparticles (NPs) have been detected recently in calcified human arterial specimens and are involved in the process of calcification. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that human-derived NPs could worsen the response to arterial endothelial injury and induce vascular calcification. The right carotid artery of 24 New ...
Larrabide Ignacio I Networking Biomedical Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Barcelona, - - 2014
Flow diverter (FD) treatment aims to slow down blood flow inside the aneurysm and increase the average time that blood resides in the aneurysm. To investigate the relationship between vessel and aneurysm morphology and their influence on the way in which braided FDs change intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics. Twenty-three patient-specific intracranial aneurysm ...
Joshi Sheetal Bhimprasad SB Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, B.J. Government Medical College , Pune, Maharashtra, India - - 2014
Knowledge of the variations in the arterial supply of hand has reached a point of practical importance with the advent of microvascular surgery for revascularization, replantation and composite tissue transfers. Arterial supply of hand is derived from two anastomotic arches, formed between two main arteries of forearm i.e. radial, ulnar ...
Florido Jesús J Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology. School of Medicine. University of Granada - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of the current study was to determine any relationship between the timing of clamping of the umbilical cord and the lipid levels circulating in umbilical artery and vein. Methods: We studied a clinical trial with systematic assignment in 229 single-fetus full-term deliveries with normal gestational course ...
Benninger Brion B Department of Medical Anatomical Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Department of Neuromuscular Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Department of Family Practice, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Faculty of Dental Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, Pomona, California; Department of Orthopaedics, Samaritan Health Services, Corvallis, Oregon; Department of General Surgery, Samaritan Health Services, Corvallis, Oregon; Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to investigate the terminology of the femoral artery and recommended alternative terminology that satisfies both anatomy and clinical arenas.The femoral artery (FA) is often defined as the continuation of the external iliac artery. Specifically, when the external iliac artery reaches directly beneath the inguinal ...
Honěk Jakub J Department of Cardiology, Charles University in Prague, Second Faculty of Medicine and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic; Institute of Pathological Physiology, Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine, Prague, Czech - - 2014
This study sought to evaluate the effect of catheter-based patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure on the occurrence of arterial bubbles after simulated dives. PFO is a risk factor of decompression sickness in divers due to paradoxical embolization of bubbles. To date, the effectiveness of catheter-based PFO closure in the reduction ...
Eseoglu Metehan M Department of Neurosurgery, Bagcilar Medicine Hospital, Bagcilar, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Stenoocclusive carotid artery disease causes important histomorphologic changes in all craniocervical vasculatures, such as luminal enlargement, vascular wall thinning, elongation, convolutions, and aneurysm formation in the posterior circulation. Although increased pressure, retrograde blood flow, and biochemical factors are described in the pathogenesis of vascular remodelisation, the vasoregulatory role of the ...
Matsushima Ken K 1Department of Neurological surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 2Department of Neurosurgery, Ohnishi Neurological Center, Hyogo, Japan 3Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, - - 2014
The increasing number of reports of complications after sacrificing the superior petrosal veins, the largest veins in the posterior fossa, has led to a need for an increased understanding of the anatomy of these veins and the superior petrosal sinus into which they empty. To examine the anatomy of the ...
Uchino Bert N BN Department of Psychology and Health Psychology Program, University of - - 2014
The quality of spousal relationships has been related to physical-health outcomes. However, most studies have focused on relationship positivity or negativity in isolation, despite the fact that many close relationships are characterized by both positive and negative aspects (i.e., ambivalence). In addition, most work has not accounted for the reciprocal ...
Lundberg C C Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between (i) carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) at baseline as well as (ii) change in CIMT over 5 years (ΔCIMT) and atherosclerotically induced luminal narrowing in non-coronary arterial territories assessed by whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (WBMRA). In subgroups of the Prospective Investigation ...
Shakil Omair O Departments of †Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine *Surgery ‡Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Implications of an aortic arch endoprosthesis on tracheal anatomy are underrecognized, especially given their close anatomic relationship. We present a unique case of an elderly woman who suffered an iatrogenic tracheal injury due to both an aberrant aortic arch anatomy and a thoracic endoprosthesis.
Ha Wenbo W Department of Neurosurgery, 5th Hospital affiliated Harbin Medical College, Daqing, China - - 2014
Background This work aimed to evaluate the efficacy of virtual reality (VR) technology in neurosurgical anatomy through a comparison of the virtual 3D microanatomy of the suboccipital vertebral arteries and their bony structures as part of the resection of tumors in the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) of 20 patients compared to ...
Asakawa Yohei Y Stroke Division, Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fatty liver disease (FLD) and cerebrovascular disease. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of 76 consecutive healthy subjects who participated in a two-day hospitalized health checkup program. The maximal intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and ...
Bijari Payam B PB From the Biomedical Simulation Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (P.B.B., D.A.S.); and Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD - - 2013
Lumen geometry has long been suspected as a risk factor for atherosclerosis by virtue of its influence on blood flow disturbances. Confirmation of this geometric risk hypothesis has, however, proved challenging owing to possible effects of wall thickening on geometry and unproven links between candidate geometric variables and disturbed flow. ...
Fukuoka Takuya - - 2013
Leukocyte behavior in the cerebral microvasculature following vessel occlusion has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cilostazol on leukocyte behavior (rolling and adhesion) in murine cerebral microvessels following transient bilateral carotid artery occlusion using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Four groups of mice ...
Lim Kyung Seob KS Korea Cardiovascular Stent Institute of Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea. ; Cardiovascular Research Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. ; Regeneromics Research Center, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, - - 2013
Statins have pleiotropic effects, which include the inhibition of neointima hyperplasia, the inhibition of vascular inflammation, and platelet inhibition. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an atorvastatin-eluting stent (AES) in a rabbit iliac artery overstretch restenosis model. Ten rabbits were used in this study (10 ...
Richardt Doreen - - 2013
Remodeling of the dilated valve annulus with a prosthetic ring for repair of valve insufficiency is a well-established concept in mitral and tricuspid valve surgery and may also be suitable for aortic valve reconstruction. A novel rigid aortic annuloplasty ring was tested in vitro. Ten fresh porcine aortic roots were investigated ...
Entezari Pegah - - 2013
To assess the impact of aortic valve morphology on aortic hemodynamics between normal tricuspid and congenitally anomalous aortic valves ranging from unicuspid to quadricuspid morphology. Aortic three-dimensional (3D) blood flow was evaluated by 4D flow MRI in 14 healthy volunteers with normal trileaflet valves and 14 patients with unicuspid (n = 3), ...
Peris-Celda Maria - - 2013
The sellar wall of the sphenoid sinus and its recesses have been previously studied, but their intracranial relationships to the diaphragma sellae, tuberculum, clinoid segment of the internal carotid artery, chiasmatic sulcus, and middle clinoid process need further definition. To describe these intra and extracranial relationships of the recesses in ...
Schnell Susanne - - 2013
To use four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI for the comprehensive in vivo analysis of hemodynamics and its relationship to size and morphology of different intracranial aneurysms (IA). We hypothesize that different IA groups, defined by size and morphology, exhibit different velocity fields, wall shear stress, and vorticity. The 4D-flow MRI (spatial resolution ...
Erdoğan Serkan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the vascular branching morphology of the aortic arch in the long-legged buzzard. For this purpose, two long-legged buzzards were evaluated in this study. The latex injection method was used to investigate the branching of the aortic arch. Two innominate brachiocephalic trunks branched ...
Kiyofuji Satoshi - - 2013
The white-collar sign (WCS) is represented by the formation of neointimal tissue at the level of the aneurysm neck as the successful outcome on follow-up angiography after coil embolization. WCS has been reported only in aneurysms treated with Matrix® coils. This is the first study to report WCS emergence in ...
Orellana Marlene Rossibel Montesino - - 2013
This paper presents repeated measurements of atherosclerosis using bimodality positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) to assess its uptake in aorta, iliac and femoral arteries in three groups of elderly subjects classified as normals (N), hypercholesterolemics (H) and with stable angina (A) in a 12 months ...
Chapman Philip R - - 2013
The arterial and venous structures of the central skull base region form complex anatomical relationships with each other and with adjacent osseous and neural structures. Vascular structures including the cavernous sinuses and internal carotid arteries can be displaced, encased, or invaded by neoplastic, inflammatory, or infectious lesions of the central ...
Ilgüy Dilhan - - 2013
Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and ...
Mizuno Yoshimasa - - 2013
We analyze the safety and efficacy of one-stage bilateral pulmonary resections for pulmonary metastases via a bilateral approach. We retrospectively analyzed 154 cases with pathologically verified pulmonary metastases which underwent curative pulmonary resection. Intraoperative and perioperative variables were evaluated. One hundred and thirty cases underwent unilateral pulmonary metastasectomy (group U), ...
He Bin - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the protective effect of hydrogen as an antioxidant on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH). Forty-eight SD rats were equally randomized into four groups: SHAM group, MCT group, MCT+Oral-H2 group and MCT+Inj-H2 group. The results showed that the mean pulmonary arterial pressure, right ventricle weight and ...
Weng Lihui - - 2013
To assess the level of occlusion and arterial distribution of calibrated bioresorbable microspheres (BRMS-I and BRMS-II) compared with tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TGMS) after renal embolization. Six rabbits underwent renal embolization with 100-300 µm BRMS-I and TGMS; three rabbits received partial occlusion (group 1, n = 3), and three rabbits received ...
Yazdani Saami K - - 2013
This study was designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and vascular healing of a second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) and slow-release zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES). Second-generation DESs have alleviated the safety concerns of late stent thrombosis by addressing issues of polymer biocompatibility and stent design, and optimizing drug loads and release kinetics. No ...
Ajayi N O - - 2013
Atherosclerotic occlusion of a coronary vessel is the commonest causeof ischaemic heart disease. The distribution of atherosclerotic lesions is not random,with stenoses preferentially situated at branch ostia, bifurcation points, and theproximal segments of daughter vessels. The aim of this study was to determinethe effect of the intrinsic anatomical properties of ...
Dong L-Y - - 2013
Ischemic preconditioning (IP) has been used to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury in several models. It remains unknown whether IP is sufficient to prevent deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induced lung injury. Twenty-four piglets were randomly divided into four groups: routine CPB (CPB), CPB + DHCA (DHCA), CPB + ...
Wu Jun-Ping - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and often fatal disease. Early after pulmonary thromboembolism, inflammation and associated intimal hyperplasia occur within the pulmonary arteries, similar to what is observed with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. This study tested the hypothesis that thrombolytic and anticoagulant agents would have anti-inflammatory effects or inhibit ...
Ben-Gal Yanai - - 2013
Objectives: Low patency rates of saphenous vein grafts remain a major predicament in surgical revascularization. We examined a novel expandable external support device designed to mitigate causative factors for early and late graft failure. METHODS: For this study, fourteen adult sheep underwent cardiac revascularization using two vein grafts for each; ...
Demirci Adnan Yalcin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the effect of a novel antiepileptic drug, zonisamide (ZNS), on the basilar artery and hippocampus in a rabbit subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. METHODS: Three groups of New Zealand white rabbits were used: a sham (non-SAH) group, an SAH + saline group, and SAH + drug treatment group that ...
Wei Liang-Feng - - 2013
The sphenoid sinus occupies a central location in transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). It is important to identify relevant anatomical landmarks to enter the sphenoid sinus and sellar region properly. The aim of this study was to identify anatomical landmarks and their value in single-nostril endonasal TSS. A retrospective study was performed ...
Yewei X - - 2013
The influence of deep hypothermia low-flow (DHLF) perfusion on inflammatory response of pulmonary injury in mammals undergoing the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains unknown. This study was conducted to determine the feasibility and mechanism of pulmonary protection strategy on preventing pulmonary function from ischemia reperfusion injury with piglet model. Eighteen piglets ...
Li Zi-Fu - - 2013
AIMS: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in vascular repair and homeostasis after vascular injuries. In this study, we aimed to explore whether bone marrow (BM)-derived EPCs contribute to neointima formation and reendothelialization in rabbit elastase-induced aneurysm after flow diverter treatment. METHODS: Elastase-induced aneurysms were created in New Zealand male ...
Cilla M - - 2013
As plaque develops in arteries two types of remodeling can occur; positive and negative remodeling. Positive remodeling is an outward compensatory remodeling in which the arterial wall grows outward in an attempt to maintain a constant lumen diameter, while negative remodeling is defined as a local shrinkage of vessel size. ...
Keiler Jonas - - 2013
The morphological transformation of hermit crabs into crab-like king crabs in the evolution of decapod crustaceans represents a remarkable case of carcinization or evolutionary shaping into a crab-like form. In this study, we focus on internal organs such as the hemolymph vascular system and adjacent anatomical structures of several Recent ...
Vazquez T - - 2013
PURPOSE: The anatomy of the radial recurrent artery (RRA) is important for different clinical procedures: interventional cardiology and microsurgery of the forearm; however, few studies have analysed its morphology: number, course, relations and distribution. METHODS: The RRA was analysed in 332 upper limbs divided into two groups: (1) normal pattern ...
Peris-Celda Maria - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The sellar wall of the sphenoid sinus and its recesses have been previously studied, but their intracranial relationships to the diaphragma sellae, tuberculum, clinoid segment of the internal carotid artery, chiasmatic sulcus, and middle clinoid process need further definition. OBJECTIVE:: To describe these intra and extracranial relationships of the ...
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