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Westbroek Erick M EM Department of Neurosurgery and Stanford Stroke Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, episodic lymphopenia, renal failure, and cerebrovascular disease secondary to arteriosclerosis and myointimal hyperplasia. In this paper the authors report the first known application of internal carotid artery (ICA) surgical revascularization to relieve a high-grade focal stenosis ...
De Martino Randall R RR Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Distal arm and hand ischemia from vessel thrombosis or embolism remains a difficult clinical challenge. The causes of ischemia are variable and include connective tissue disease, embolism, atherosclerosis, and iatrogenic etiology. Although reports are limited, treatment with catheter-directed thrombolysis has favorable results in cases of acute thrombosis, with most patients ...
Seyahi Emire E aEmire Seyahi, MD: Professor, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey bHasan Yazici, MD: Professor, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, - - 2014
Pulmonary artery involvement (PAI) due to Behçet's syndrome, although rare, has always been a focus of interest not only in endemic areas but also in many parts of the world. This interest is shared by many disciplines other than internal medicine, such as radiology, cardiothoracic surgery, cardiology and respiratory medicine. ...
Gill S S SS Department of Imaging, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are abnormal communications between the pulmonary arteries and veins, which result in a right-to-left (R-L) shunt with resultant hypoxemia, the severity of which will depend upon the size and number of lesions. Most PAVMs occur in individuals with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and are a cause ...
Lee A O AO Division of Vascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Hospital, Hackensack University MedicalCenter, Hackensack, New Jersey, USA - - - 2014
Traditionally ascending aortic lesions have been repaired in open fashion: stenotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass, with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. However, a subsegment of patients are deemed too high risk for open intervention. In the advent of endovascular advancement, this subset of patients may be treated with the use of ...
Castling B B Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Shrewsbury Hospital, Shrewsbury, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mönckeberg's arteriosclerosis is often an incidental finding, identified either clinically or on plain radiography. It can occasionally be associated with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. It differs from the more common atherosclerosis in that the tunica intima remains largely unaffected and the diameter of the vessel lumen is preserved. ...
Dryton Gillian G Department of Cardiothoracic, St. Luke's Mid America Heart & Vascular Institute, Kansas City, MO; Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Luke's Mid America Heart & Vascular Institute, Kansas City, - - 2014
Radial artery pseudoaneurysms occur infrequently and are most commonly associated with medical interventions such as arterial lines or cardiac catheterization procedures.1 Animal bites, particularly cate bites, as a cause for radial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare with only one previously reported case in the literature. 2 A unique case of ...
Shields Ryan R Johns Hopkins School of - - 2014
Typically, internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion precludes carotid endarterectomy. Extracranial branches of the ICA are uncommon. If this anomaly occurs in the setting of total proximal ICA occlusion then revascularization is feasible. We describe an unique example of such a case here.
Yang Gen-Huan GH Department of Vascular Surgery,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing - - 2014
When more abdominal aortic aneurysms are repaired by endovascular approaches,the post-operative endotension without endoleak increase along with the extended follow-up. An early detection of such endotension and a proper differentiation from endoleaks are particularly important for the treatment decision-making. This article reviews the mechanism,diagnosis,and management of endotension.
Lawrie Allan A Department of Cardiovascular Science, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry & Health, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2RX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal condition driven by a progressive remodelling of the small pulmonary arteries through sustained vasoconstriction, and vascular cell proliferation. This process causes a substantial reduction in luminal area increasing pulmonary vascular resistance and blood pressure leading to right heart failure. Current medical therapies can ...
Luo Chao-Bao CB Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Radiology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Radiology, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are abnormal arteriovenous communications within the dura locating near a major venous sinus and are supplied by pachymeningeal arteries. DAVFs represent 10-15% of all intracranial arteriovenous malformations. The natural history and clinical manifestations are determined by location of the DAVFs and their angioarchitecture. Aggressive DAVF ...
Rudarakanchana Nung N Specialist Registrar and Clinical Lecturer in Vascular Surgery in the Department of Biosurgery and Surgical - - 2014
Outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair are improving in the UK, at least in part as a result of vascular specialization, the reconfiguration of services to dedicated vascular centres and the advent of the national screening programme.
Bilhim Tiago T 1 Anatomy Department, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the CT angiographic and digital subtraction angiographic features of the male pelvic arteries. CONCLUSION. An increasing number of vascular procedures are being performed in the male pelvis that require profound knowledge of the angiographic anatomy of the internal iliac artery (IIA). ...
Jeon Ik Chan IC Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yonsei University Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
The causes of sciatica are variable and include musculoskeletal, dermatologic, infectious, neoplastic, and vascular disorders. In many cases, the symptom is usually caused by degenerative disease in the spine with the compression or irritation of spinal nerve. On the other hands, there are also several announced extra-spinal causes including aneurysm, ...
Apigian Aimie K - - 2014
While most cases of vasculogenic intermittent claudication are caused by atherosclerosis, there is an important minority of cases that are due to nonatherosclerotic causes. Due to their rarity and younger population affected, often without traditional atherosclerotic risk factors, there is frequently a significant delay in diagnosis of non-atherosclerotic peripheral arterial ...
Sun Chao C Department of Orthopaedics, Zhu Jiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province 510282, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to provide anatomical information for the repair of small tissue defects in the hand with posterior interosseous artery chain-link perforator flaps, a proximal fasciocutaneous extension of the distal-based posterior interosseous flap, which allows the exclusion of the proximal posterior interosseous artery. Fourteen posterior interosseous ...
Valente Tullio T Section of General Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Azienda Ospedali dei Colli, P.O. Monaldi, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Focal aortic projections (FAP) are protrusion images of the contrast medium (focal contour irregularity, breaks in the intimal contour, outward lumen bulging or localized blood-filled outpouching) projecting beyond the aortic lumen in the aortic wall and are commonly seen on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans of the chest and abdomen. ...
Gil-Jaurena Juan-Miguel JM Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio, Marañón, Madrid, Spain - - 2014
Extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection between the inferior vena cava and right pulmonary artery has become the most popular Fontan modification nowadays, yielding good results. However, certain situs anomalies along with systemic venous drainage variations give rise to an issue about the best way for extracardiac conduit routing. Three cases of ...
Rusu Mugurel Constantin MC Division of Anatomy, Faculty of Dental Medicine, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Bd. Eroilor Sanitari, 76241, Bucharest, Romania, - - 2014
The superior cerebellar artery (SCA) is, perhaps, the most anatomically constant cerebellar artery which, in its lateral pontomesencephalic course, is crossed above by the trochlear nerve (CNIV). The SCA may determine, as an offending vessel, CNIV compression and superior oblique myokymia and thus surgical decompression may be indicated. In this ...
Anami Hidenori H Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, - - 2014
Traumatic intracranial aneurysms (TICAs) are rare, representing less than 5 % of all intracranial aneurysms. Most TICAs are located within the anterior circulation, and less than 10 % of TICAs occur in the posterior circulation. Histopathologically, most TICAs are false aneurysms and have a high risk of rupture or re-bleeding. When they ...
Ikard Robert W RW Department of Surgery Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and Department of Surgical Services, VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare, 308 Sunnyside Drive, Nashville, - - 2014
Rectal wall valves are obscure anatomic parts that rarely are considered in current medical practice. Yet from the seminal analysis of them in the early nineteenth century by the Irish anatomist and surgeon, John Houston, their structure, purpose, and clinical significance were topics of surprising disagreement. Were they true structures? ...
Chopra Vineet V The Center for Clinical Management Research and The Patient Safety Enhancement Program; the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan; The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
We thank Drs. Kang, Li and Chen for their thoughtful reply to our recently published manuscript "Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter-Related Deep Vein Thrombosis: Contemporary Patterns and Predictors" [1]. Drs. Kang, Li and Chen note that our findings related to the association between PICC gauge, cancer and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) ...
Akin I I Department of Internal Medicine I, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. - - 2014
Chronic and acute diseases of the thoracic aorta, including aortic dissection and aortic aneurysm are attracting increasing attention both in the light of an ageing Western and Oriental population and with the proliferation of modern diagnostic imaging modalities. While classical surgical strategies still dominate the care for acute and chronic ...
Choi Jae Hyuk JH Department of Neurosurgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Aneurysms arising from non-branching sites of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) are considered rare, accounting for only 0.9-6.5% of all ICA aneurysms. They are thin-walled, broad-based, can easily rupture during surgery, and are referred to as dorsal, superior, anterior, or ventral wall ICA aneurysms, as well as blister-like aneurysms. ...
Aroor Akshatha Rao AR Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, K.S.Hegde Medical Academy , Mangalore, Karnataka, India - - 2014
A 39-year-old nulliparous female was admitted with massive splenomegaly. Computed tomography of abdomen revealed multiple aneurysms in the distal half of the splenic artery. Splenic artery aneurysms are rare in nulliparous women and most cases are reported in females with a past history of pregnancy. Splenic artery aneurysms, though very ...
Su I-Chang IC Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network; Toronto, Ontario, Canada - Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Cathay General Hospital; Taipei, Taiwan - - - 2014
Direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) secondary to a ruptured intracavernous carotid aneurysm (ICCA) are usually high-flow lesions. On very rare occasions, a ruptured ICCA may present as a low-flow CCF, which poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma whether the aneurysm and the observed fistula are causally related. Herein, we describe a ...
Dato Ilaria I Ilaria Dato, Francesco Burzotta, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea, Institute of Cardiology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, 00168 Rome, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using stent-based bioprostheses has recently emerged as a promising alternative to surgical valve replacement in selected patients. The main route for TAVI is retrograde access from the femoral artery using large sheaths (16-24 F). Vascular access complications are a clinically relevant issue in TAVI procedures ...
Tian Jinwei J Department of Cardiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, The Key Laboratory of Myocardial Ischemia, Chinese Ministry of Education, Harbin, China; Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
The relationship between features of vulnerable plaque and angiographic coronary stenosis is unknown. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the absolute number, relative prevalence, and characteristics of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) at different degrees of stenosis using optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound, and coronary angiography. We identified ...
Kelly Shane S Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, IBAC, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, Sydney 2010, - - 2014
A 32-year-old HIV positive male presents with fevers and a non-productive cough. Initial X-ray and subsequent computerised tomography of the chest shows a bilateral miliary pattern of pulmonary infiltration highly suggestive of disseminated tuberculosis. However subsequent results were consistent with disseminated cryptococcosis, including pulmonary involvement, with cryptococcus identified on transbronchial ...
Zhu Yue-Qi YQ From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
To determine whether arterial wall degeneration, in combination with hemodynamic insult, causes cerebral artery aneurysms in a dog model, we simulated the geometry and hemodynamics of a human artery by surgical reconstruction of both common carotid arteries in 12 dogs. The dogs were then randomly assigned to one of the ...
Ozgüner G G Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the arterial supply to the thyroid gland and the relationship between the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) and the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in fetal cadavers using anatomical dissection. The anterior necks of 200 fetuses were dissected. The origins of the superior thyroid ...
Kishimoto Kentaro K Departments of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the arterial distribution and ischemic effects of various particle sizes after transcatheter embolization of the small bowel in a dog model. In 10 dogs, selective microsphere embolization was performed in six branches of the superior mesenteric artery. Microspheres were allocated into three size ranges (100-300 μm, 300-500 μm, ...
Julianov Alexander A Department of Surgery, Trakia University Hospital, 6000 Stara Zagora, - - 2014
Hepatic artery aneurysms (HAA) are rare and represent 14-20% of all visceral artery aneurysms. The vast majority of HAA are single and are located extrahepatically and nowadays about half of the HAA are iatrogenic, as a consequence of the widespread use of interventional diagnostic and therapeutic biliary procedures. Abdominal trauma, ...
Yu Sun-Kyoung SK Department of Anatomy and Orofacial Development, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to (1) identify the branching pattern and course of the greater palatine artery (GPA), (2) carry out a morphological analysis of the palatal bony prominence that divides the medial and lateral grooves, and (3) characterize the topographical relationships between these two structures. Thirty-six hemimaxillae ...
Kim Seong Ho SH Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2014
Hemodynamic changes in the distal arteries during transfemoral catheterization in children have not been documented. To evaluate arterial flow changes of the lower extremities ipsilateral to the puncture site using Doppler US during transfemoral cerebral angiography in children. Twenty-seven children who underwent transfemoral cerebral angiography at our institution between April ...
Lu Wei-Tian WT Institute of Neuroscience, Chongqing Medical University, 1 Yixueyuan Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400016, - - 2014
This study was conducted to investigate the topographic relationship between the external laryngeal nerve (ELN) loop and the superior thyroid artery (STA), in order to provide the anatomical foundations for protecting the ELN during surgery. In the present study, 48 adult human cadavers were dissected and analyzed. For the 21 ...
Kirk E Christopher EC Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, USA; Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory, Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rooneyia viejaensis is a North American Eocene primate of uncertain phylogenetic affinities. Although the external cranial anatomy of Rooneyia is well studied, various authors have suggested that Rooneyia is a stem haplorhine, stem strepsirrhine, stem tarsiiform, or stem anthropoid. Here we describe the internal cranial anatomy of the Rooneyia holotype ...
Natour Ehsan - - 2014
The case is presented of a 75-year-old man referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. During the procedure the prosthetic aortic valve became dislocated into the left ventricle shortly after expansion. The subsequent steps taken to reposition the valve using only materials at hand are described.
Wang J J From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (J.W., H.-Q.T., Y.-Q.Z., M.-H.L., L.Y., Y.-S.C.), Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China; and School of Mechanical Engineering (Z.-Z.L.), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The detailed mechanisms of cerebral aneurysm generation remain unclear. Our aim was to investigate whether specific hemodynamic insult in combination with arterial wall degeneration leads to the development of aneurysms in a canine model. New branch points in the common carotid artery were created in 18 dogs. Nine animals subsequently ...
Cenizo Revuelta N N Division of Vascular Surgery, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Calcifying nanoparticles (NPs) have been detected recently in calcified human arterial specimens and are involved in the process of calcification. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that human-derived NPs could worsen the response to arterial endothelial injury and induce vascular calcification. The right carotid artery of 24 New ...
Larrabide Ignacio I Networking Biomedical Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Barcelona, - - 2014
Flow diverter (FD) treatment aims to slow down blood flow inside the aneurysm and increase the average time that blood resides in the aneurysm. To investigate the relationship between vessel and aneurysm morphology and their influence on the way in which braided FDs change intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics. Twenty-three patient-specific intracranial aneurysm ...
Joshi Sheetal Bhimprasad SB Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, B.J. Government Medical College , Pune, Maharashtra, India - - 2014
Knowledge of the variations in the arterial supply of hand has reached a point of practical importance with the advent of microvascular surgery for revascularization, replantation and composite tissue transfers. Arterial supply of hand is derived from two anastomotic arches, formed between two main arteries of forearm i.e. radial, ulnar ...
Florido Jesús J Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology. School of Medicine. University of Granada - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of the current study was to determine any relationship between the timing of clamping of the umbilical cord and the lipid levels circulating in umbilical artery and vein. Methods: We studied a clinical trial with systematic assignment in 229 single-fetus full-term deliveries with normal gestational course ...
Benninger Brion B Department of Medical Anatomical Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Department of Neuromuscular Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Department of Family Practice, Western University of Health Sciences, COMP-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon; Faculty of Dental Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, Pomona, California; Department of Orthopaedics, Samaritan Health Services, Corvallis, Oregon; Department of General Surgery, Samaritan Health Services, Corvallis, Oregon; Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to investigate the terminology of the femoral artery and recommended alternative terminology that satisfies both anatomy and clinical arenas.The femoral artery (FA) is often defined as the continuation of the external iliac artery. Specifically, when the external iliac artery reaches directly beneath the inguinal ...
Honěk Jakub J Department of Cardiology, Charles University in Prague, Second Faculty of Medicine and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic; Institute of Pathological Physiology, Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine, Prague, Czech - - 2014
This study sought to evaluate the effect of catheter-based patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure on the occurrence of arterial bubbles after simulated dives. PFO is a risk factor of decompression sickness in divers due to paradoxical embolization of bubbles. To date, the effectiveness of catheter-based PFO closure in the reduction ...
Eseoglu Metehan M Department of Neurosurgery, Bagcilar Medicine Hospital, Bagcilar, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Stenoocclusive carotid artery disease causes important histomorphologic changes in all craniocervical vasculatures, such as luminal enlargement, vascular wall thinning, elongation, convolutions, and aneurysm formation in the posterior circulation. Although increased pressure, retrograde blood flow, and biochemical factors are described in the pathogenesis of vascular remodelisation, the vasoregulatory role of the ...
Matsushima Ken K 1Department of Neurological surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 2Department of Neurosurgery, Ohnishi Neurological Center, Hyogo, Japan 3Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, - - 2014
The increasing number of reports of complications after sacrificing the superior petrosal veins, the largest veins in the posterior fossa, has led to a need for an increased understanding of the anatomy of these veins and the superior petrosal sinus into which they empty. To examine the anatomy of the ...
Uchino Bert N BN Department of Psychology and Health Psychology Program, University of - - 2014
The quality of spousal relationships has been related to physical-health outcomes. However, most studies have focused on relationship positivity or negativity in isolation, despite the fact that many close relationships are characterized by both positive and negative aspects (i.e., ambivalence). In addition, most work has not accounted for the reciprocal ...
Lundberg C C Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between (i) carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) at baseline as well as (ii) change in CIMT over 5 years (ΔCIMT) and atherosclerotically induced luminal narrowing in non-coronary arterial territories assessed by whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (WBMRA). In subgroups of the Prospective Investigation ...
Shakil Omair O Departments of †Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine *Surgery ‡Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Implications of an aortic arch endoprosthesis on tracheal anatomy are underrecognized, especially given their close anatomic relationship. We present a unique case of an elderly woman who suffered an iatrogenic tracheal injury due to both an aberrant aortic arch anatomy and a thoracic endoprosthesis.
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