Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1944
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Tsuchida Masanori - - 2007
Treatment of concomitant severe coronary artery disease and lung cancer is a complicated issue. The present study describes a case of a 65-year-old man with coronary artery disease and primary lung cancer that was successfully treated with lung resection and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using Cypher stents. Prior to lung ...
Kästner S B R - - 2007
Alpha(2) agonist-induced pulmonary oedema in sheep might be related to alterations in pulmonary haemodynamics and/or activation of inflammatory processes. In seven sevoflurane-anaesthetized sheep pulmonary haemodynamics, arterial oxygen tensions, nitric oxide and prostaglandin E(2) concentrations were determined before and after intravenous dexmedetomidine (2microg kg(-1)). In a second trial, lung tissue was ...
Holt D Byron - - 2007
Primary pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare entity with a high mortality rate. Relatively little is known regarding predictors of outcome or the appropriate timing of intervention. The Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium database (n = 98,126) was searched for patients who had undergone cardiac catheterization or surgical procedures with ...
Mîndrilă I - - 2007
Bronchial supply plays an important role in both the protecting mechanisms and the pathogenic ones of many chronic inflammatory, infections or ischemic diseases of the lung. However, little is known regarding the bronchial supply development; the appearance of the connections to the functional pulmonary supply; the territory supplied by the ...
Singh Ashutosh S - - 2007
Bronchovascular malformations of the lung constitute a broad spectrum of developmental disorders in which a part of the lung is perfused exclusively from the systemic arterial tree with or without tracheobronchial communication. We report the case of an infant with severe pulmonary artery hypertension whose entire left lung was supplied ...
Dallan Luís Alberto O - - 2007
There are many new alternative methods of minimally invasive myocardial revascularization that can be applied in selected patients who have multivessel coronary artery disease. However, these techniques often require new and expensive equipment. Most multivessel myocardial revascularization is performed via median sternotomy and involves the use of a conventional endotracheal ...
Stroncek David F - - 2007
Transfusion reactions remain a common complication of transfusion therapy; reactions affecting the lungs are some of the most serious. Several different mechanisms are responsible for pulmonary transfusion reactions, and most cause adverse effects in addition to lung injury. Fluid overload can lead to pulmonary edema, antibodies reacting with plasma proteins ...
Bertoli A M - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the factors predictive of time to the occurrence of pulmonary damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Six-hundred and twenty-six SLE patients from a multiethnic (Hispanics, African Americans and Caucasians) longitudinal study of outcome were studied. Pulmonary damage was defined as per the ...
Komatsu Yoshimichi - - 2007
A 29-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of hemoptysis and dyspnea. A chest radiographic study revealed an enlargement of the right lung hilum, and the left pulmonary artery could not be clearly visualized on contrast-enhanced CT scan. Both perfusion scintigraphy and pulmonary angiography confirmed the absence of the ...
Morino Shigeyuki - - 2007
Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) for severe emphysema is less invasive than lung volume reduction surgery. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) has been reported to enhance fibrogenesis and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of BLVR with the FGF-2, and ability to reduce lung volume and ...
Shoji Fumihiro - - 2007
A patient presenting with Pancoast syndrome was definitely diagnosed to have pulmonary leiomyosarcoma. The patient underwent a right upper lobectomy combined with resection of the chest wall, including the 1st to 3rd ribs. The disease recurred rapidly at the local and distant sites. No previous reports about pulmonary sarcoma presenting ...
Kadi Hasan - - 2007
We describe a unique case of congenital absence of a right pulmonary artery presenting in a patient of advanced age and initially misdiagnosed as coronary artery disease. Perfusion of the affected lung was accomplished via anomalous collaterals from right and left circumflex coronary arteries which induced myocardial ischemia, as demonstrated ...
Shawki Hilal B - - 2007
A 38-year-old Iraqi female, presented with one-year history of exertional dyspnea and exercise intolerance, without systemic or constitutional symptoms. Clinical examination revealed bilateral basal crackles with signs suggestive of left side pleural effusion, chest x-ray showed left sided pleural effusion, and diffuse bilateral basal pulmonary shadowing. Her biochemical analysis, hematological ...
Fjeldstad Anette S AS Department of Health and exercise Science, University of Oklahoma , Norman, Oklahoma, - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare large and small arterial elasticity in apparently healthy sedentary and recreationally active adult women, and to examine if age affects large and small arterial elasticity. This cross-sectional study consisted of 43 premenopausal women without overt cardiovascular disease (age = 43.4 ± 4.7 ...
Ishiguro Takashi - - 2007
A 22-year-old woman was admitted with symptoms of dyspnea and fever with pulmonary infiltrates noted on her chest X-ray study. She developed these symptoms in the workplace; her job included the removal of body hair using a diode-laser with 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC134a, an alternative to chlorofluorocarbon) as a coolant. A chest ...
Ravnic Dino J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The clinical observation of central bronchial artery hypertrophy in chronic lung inflammation suggests the possibility that the bronchial circulation may also participate in adaptive responses in peripheral lung inflammation. METHODS: To investigate the potential role of the bronchial microcirculation in peripheral lung inflammation, we developed a murine model of ...
Aydin Mehmet D - - 2006
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may cause neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), and chylomicron metabolism may be destroyed in injured lungs. We aimed to investigate the effect of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), if present, on the development of cerebral fat embolism. This study has been conducted on 20 rabbits. Experimental SAH has been ...
Ruano R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the precision and accuracy of ultrasound in estimating the fetal lung to body weight ratio (FLB ratio) using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound by comparison with postmortem measurements, and to evaluate its potential to diagnose pulmonary hypoplasia. METHODS: Lung volumes were estimated by 3D ultrasound (rotational ...
Brederlau Jörg - - 2006
This prospective large-animal study was performed to evaluate the contribution of arterio-venous extracorporeal lung assist (AV-ECLA) to pulmonary gas exchange in a porcine lavage-induced acute lung injury model. Fifteen healthy female pigs, weighing 50.3 +/- 3.8 kg (mean +/- SD), were included. After induction of general anaesthesia and controlled ventilation, ...
Di Biase Luigi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We present the clinical course and management outcomes of patients with total pulmonary vein occlusion (PVO). BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein occlusion is a rare complication that can develop after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of atrial fibrillation (AF). The long term follow-up data of patients diagnosed with PVO are minimal. METHODS: ...
Cantu E E Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2007
Porcine von Willebrand factor (vWF) activates human and primate platelets. Having determined the importance of pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) in pulmonary xenotransplantation, we evaluated whether, in the absence of PIMs, vWF might play a role in pulmonary xenograft dysfunction. Utilizing a left single-lung transplant model, baboons depleted of anti-alphaGal antibodies ...
Brinkman Erin Lynn - - 2006
Differences exist in the ventrodorsal (VD) and dorsoventral (DV) radiographic views of the canine thorax. One view may be preferred over another because of how it portrays different areas of interest or different disease conditions. The VD view is indicated for evaluation of the cranial and caudal mediastinum, the caudal ...
Haciibrahimoglu G - - 2006
A 47-year-old man presented with a cough, sweating and a 14 kg. weight loss. Chest radiography revealed a 5 x 5 cm mass at the left upper lobe. Transthoracic needle biopsy revealed a non-small cell lung cancer. There were no metastases. We performed left upper lobectomy and autologous patch reconstruction ...
Rotta Alexandre T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and combined effects of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on gas exchange, pulmonary histopathology, inflammation, and oxidative tissue damage in an animal model of acute lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a health sciences university. SUBJECTS: ...
Bresser Paul - - 2007
Samples of lung tissue, taken at time of lung transplant, from 13 Dutch Caucasian patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH) and 14 patients with non-idiopathic PAH were studied for the presence of human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). By immunohistochemical staining, in none of patients expression of HHV-8 latency-associated nuclear antigen ...
Koksal Cengiz - - 2006
We report on the surgical treatment of a patient in whom hydatid cysts inside the right pulmonary artery and multiple right lung involvement were detected. Since the right pneumonectomy carried a high risk of cyst rupture, and migration of the cysts to the opposite lung during ligation of the pulmonary ...
Emad Y - - 2007
Pulmonary artery aneurysm is the best-defined type of pulmonary disease in Behçet's disease (BD) with an important morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of high-resolution dynamic chest CT imaging for one of the most serious aspects of BD: pulmonary artery aneurysm and other ...
Miller Thomas L - - 2006
Our aim for this study was to report pulmonary mechanics in a neonate with a severe case of Barnes syndrome, a rare form of thoracolaryngopelvic dysplasia, and to use these data to guide ventilatory support and serve as a presurgical screening tool. A comprehensive pulmonary function evaluation was performed on ...
Okuyama Hiroomi - - 2006
Lung scintigraphy has been used to evaluate the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). However, the relationship between lung scintigraphy and long-term outcome of CDH remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine whether lung scintigraphy correlates with long-term pulmonary morbidity and nutritional ...
Cheng Christopher P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: While relative lung perfusion distributions are cited in clinical decision making for congenital and acquired pulmonary vascular diseases, normal values and ranges have not been published for a large population of normally perfused lungs. These values of normal relative perfusion will be useful for establishing what is abnormal and ...
Anai Hiroshi - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate how the restriction of blood flow and/or ventilation affects the radiofrequency (RF) ablation coagulation size in lung parenchyma. Thirty-one RF ablations were done in 16 normal lungs of 8 living swine with 2-cm LeVeen needles. Eight RF ablations were performed as a ...
Sahay Sandeep - - 2006
Congenital lung anomalies are categorised as pulmonary agenesis, aplasia and hypoplasia with distinct clinical implications. An 8-year-old boy was referred for an opaque left hemithorax for which he had received antituberculous therapy. A detailed evaluation including flowing contrast computed tomography of the thorax and fiberoptic bronchoscopy led to a diagnosis ...
Vitiello Renato - - 2006
Pulmonary artery agenesis and hypoplasia of the homolateral lung occasionally occurs as an isolated lesion, but more often has associated congenital cardiac anomalies. We present a case where pulmonary artery agenesis was the sole lesion in an asymptomatic child. Pulmonary artery agenesis should be suspected in asymptomatic patients if a ...
Rimeika D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several previous investigations have shown improved oxygenation when ventilator-treated patients with acute lung injury are turned prone. In a previous human study, we demonstrated higher Ca(2+)-dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in dorsal than in ventral parts of the lung. The current investigation was designed to determine whether Ca(2+)-dependent ...
Hubail Zakariya - - 2006
Anomalous systemic arterial blood supply to the lungs is a rare anomaly of lung development. It may present with various manifestations that are shared with more commonly encountered congenital and acquired heart diseases. Thus, it may evade early diagnosis or even lead to a wrong diagnosis and treatment. This lesion ...
Isakow Warren - - 2006
The recently completed Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial conducted by the National Institutes of Health ARDSNetwork casts doubt on the value of routine pulmonary artery catheterization for hemodynamic management of the critically ill. Several alternatives are available, and, in this review, we evaluate the theoretical, validation, and empirical databases for ...
Jiang Yandong - - 2006
A 38-yr-old man with congenital right pulmonary artery agenesis, whose right lung was perfused with collateral systemic arterial blood, presented for right pneumonectomy. Because of a likely difference in gas exchange between the two lungs, we sampled end-tidal gases from each lung individually, as well as from the common gas ...
Colombat Magali - - 2007
In patients presenting with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), modifications of pulmonary vessels are well defined in fibrotic areas but have not been accurately assessed in the intervening patches of preserved lung. Moreover, the relation between pulmonary vessel lesions and pulmonary hemodynamics is not well known. We therefore designed a retrospective ...
Windsor P A - - 2006
The occurrence of severe fetal dystocia due to hydrops fetalis associated with pulmonary aplasia in two male and pulmonary hypoplasia in one female Australian Dexter fetuses from two herds is described. Obstetrical intervention by caesarean section was required for delivery of the fetuses, with mortalities in one dam and the ...
Yamamoto Satoshi - - 2006
A 74-year-old-man visited our hospital because of a dry cough. A chest radiograph showed a nodular shadow measuring 2.0 cm diameter in the left S3 segment and a tumor shadow measuring 3.5 cm diameter in the left S6 segment; no mediastinal lymph node enlargement was observed. The bronchoscopic findings revealed ...
Hurst John R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by inflammation of the lung in association with airflow obstruction. There is increasing evidence of upper airway involvement in COPD and we have reported that this nasal inflammation is proportional to that in the lung. Given recognized relationships between lower airway inflammation ...
Kotoulas Christophoros - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of the bronchial arteries is evident in modern day thoracic surgery, the significance of their communications with coronary arteries has yet to be appreciated, especially in cases of heart-lung transplantation and aortic aneurysm repair. We conducted a study to demonstrate the coronary-bronchial anastomotic routes in a ...
Petkov Ventzislav - - 2006
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a potent vasorelaxing peptide that plays a role in lung physiology and possibly in pulmonary hypertension. We investigated the turnover of the VIP receptors on rat pulmonary arteries ex vivo. There was evidence for a fast receptor turnover in pulmonary arteries, which underlines the important ...
Giron Jesse - - 2006
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), is an uncommon, progressive, cystic lung disease which predominantly affects young women of childbearing age. Our patient is a 36-year-old female diagnosed with LAM by open lung biopsy in January 1995. Her past history included a spontaneous left-sided pneumothorax in June 1994 which required chest tube for resolution. ...
Fernandez-Martorell Patricio - - 2006
We report an unusual case in which the peripheral part of the otherwise normal left lung was supplied by major systemic arteries arising from the left subclavian, internal mammary and coeliac arteries. Unlike most cases with systemic arterial supply to a normal or sequestered lung, where the systemic arterial branches ...
Kadokura Mitsutaka - - 2006
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma complicated with a pulmonary infarction presenting as an intrapulmonary metastasis is relatively rare. We present a case of pulmonary infarction manifesting as intrapulmonary metastases of lung cancer. A previously healthy 59-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of abnormal shadows in the right lower lung field. ...
Yoo Shi-Joon - - 2006
We report a case in which a meandering right pulmonary vein connecting to the left atrium is associated with hypoplasia of the right lung, horseshoe lung, abnormal pulmonary lobation, and abnormal branching of the pulmonary arteries. We discuss its relationship to the so-called scimitar variant, and to the scimitar syndrome ...
Pugliese F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some lung transplantation (LT) recipients suffer from pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction or failure requiring extracorporeal circulation (ECC) to avoid catastrophic complications during surgery. The extracorporeal support usually requires systemic heparinization which is potentially associated with important side effects. We performed eight LT using preheparinized ECC circuits and ...
Harada Toshiyuki - - 2006
Pulmonary blastoma is a rare tumour of the lung composed of epithelial and mesenchymal elements that morphologically resemble the embryonal structure of the lung. The authors report a 79-year-old man who was diagnosed with a pulmonary blastoma within bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma. Macroscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings suggested that the pulmonary ...
Piastra Marco - - 2006
We describe our second clinical observation of pulmonary injury after a "liquid ecstasy" ingestion/inhalation by a 3-year-old girl. Apart from the deep coma state, a markedly asymmetric pulmonary compromise was recorded. A transient coagulation activation was detected, possibly triggered off by the toxic effect on the lung alveolar-capillary membrane.
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