Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1944
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Ragino Yu I - - 2010
In male patients with coronary atherosclerosis without acute coronary syndrome, the levels of inflammatory-destructive biomarkers of atherosclerotic plaque instability depended on the severity and dissemination of coronary atherosclerosis. The highest levels of C-reactive protein and matrix metalloproteinase 3 were found in men with atherosclerotic involvement of all three main coronary ...
Baranwal Arun K - - 2010
Childhood ARDS is mostly caused by pneumonia. Pulmonary pseudocysts are reported in adults recovering from ARDS, usually in non-dependent lung regions. We present a 1.5-year-old boy, who survived severe pulmonary ARDS with development of pulmonary giant pseudocysts and other structural abnormalities in dependent lung region. To the best of our ...
Sartori Claudio - - 2010
Pulmonary edema is a problem of major clinical importance resulting from a persistent imbalance between forces that drive water into the airspace of the lung and the biological mechanisms for its removal. Here, we will first review the fundamental mechanisms implicated in the regulation of lung fluid homeostasis, namely, the ...
Irodi A - - 2010
We report a rare case of dual arterial supply to an otherwise normal left lower lobe. In addition to normal pulmonary arterial supply, the lower lobe of the left lung also received systemic arterial supply from the coeliac axis. The relevant anatomy and literature are reviewed. To the best of ...
Azpurua Humberto - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether sonographic fetal pulmonary artery flow velocity waveforms correlate with amniotic fluid biomarkers of fetal lung maturity. STUDY DESIGN: We studied women with singleton pregnancies undergoing clinically indicated amniocentesis for fetal lung maturity at Yale-New Haven Hospital. Fetal pulmonary artery flow ...
Park Hye Yun - - 2010
Impaired lung function is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. We assessed the relationships of lung function with insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome (MetS), systemic inflammation and coronary artery calcification score (CACS) measured by computed tomography (CT) scan an indicator of coronary atherosclerosis. We identified 4905 adult male patients of ...
Krammoh Euloge K - - 2010
Therapeutic strategies for isolated unilateral absence of a proximal pulmonary artery remain unclear. The natural history of the disease, or thrombosis of primary surgical anastomosis, leads to exclusion of the affected lung with increased risk of intrapulmonary bleeding, impaired quality of life, and shortened life expectancy. We herein describe our ...
Prieto Lourdes R - - 2010
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) complicating pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) can progress to total pulmonary vein occlusion (PVO). Little is known about the accuracy of noninvasive diagnosis and treatment of PVO. The purpose of this study was to study the diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive testing and the feasibility and outcome of ...
Hamzaoui Agnès - - 2010
Pulmonary artery aneurysms, arterial and venous thrombosis, pulmonary infarction, recurrent pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans organized pneumonia, and pleurisy are the main features of pulmonary involvement in Behçet's disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the production of B cell-activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), an important regulator of ...
de Menezes Igor Alexandre Côrtes - - 2010
The assessment of activated protein C resistance (APCR) caused by mutations in factor V (factor V Leiden) is an important risk factor for venous thromboembolism, of which role as the originator of arterial obstructions in situ is still a controversial subject. The clinical case of a young patient with history ...
Abolmaali Nasreddin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare MRI-based functional pulmonary and cardiac measurements in the long-term follow-up of children operated on for left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with age- and body size-matched healthy controls. METHODS: Twelve children who received immediate postnatal surgery for closure of isolated left-sided CDH were included and received basic medical ...
Testa A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Guidelines on cardiac arrest (CA) recommend the prompt beginning of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the identification and correction of reversible causes. This article deals with the application of clinical ultrasonography (US) in resuscitation, presenting a simple codified US protocol usable during CPR to recognize reversible causes of ...
O'Donnell Clare P - - 2010
We describe 5 adults with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia who developed lung abscesses, including some infected with atypical microbial pathogens, with important morbidity. We hypothesize that patients with such anatomy are at risk for chronic pulmonary infection due to hypo-perfusion of the pulmonary parenchyma. This previously unreported clinical ...
Mehta Hemal P - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Using a rabbit model of postnatal pulmonary hypoplasia, we investigated how expansion thoracoplasty affected growth of the spine and lungs. OBJECTIVE: By constricting the hemithorax in a growing rabbit to create postnatal pulmonary hypoplasia, we quantified how expansion thoracoplasty affects lung volume, respiratory function, alveolar morphology, and spine ...
Ender Joerg - - 2010
To optimize the conditions for the surgeon during minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) procedures, one-lung ventilation (OLV) is required using double-lumen tubes (DLT). This prospective study was designed to compare high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) of both lungs with the conventional method ...
Filby Caitlin E - - 2010
Although bronchopulmonary dysplasia is closely associated with an arrest of alveolar development and pulmonary capillary dysplasia, it is unknown whether these two features are causally related. To investigate the relationship between pulmonary capillaries and alveolar formation, we partially embolized the pulmonary capillary bed. Partial pulmonary embolization (PPE) was induced in ...
Elhassan Nahed O - - 2010
Spontaneous intrauterine arterial thrombosis and congenital pulmonary hypoplasia are rare conditions and have not been reported to occur together. The literature rather includes two reports of babies with neonatal pulmonary artery occlusion and post-infarction cysts of the lungs. We report a case of a live Caucasian male newborn with left ...
Wang Tao - - 2010
Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chymase has been shown to function in the enzymatic production of angiotensin II (AngII) and the activation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was ...
Sugiyama Miho - - 2010
Among patient with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome, about 10-20% of those with ectopic ACTH syndromes (EAS) have occult or unknown tumors. Despite the intensive search for the culprit tumors by dynamic endocrine tests and imaging tests, it is often difficult to localize and confirm the source of occult ectopic ACTH secretion. ...
Khositseth Anant - - 2010
We present a case of a 6-month-old girl diagnosed as unilateral pulmonary vein stenosis (right inferior pulmonary vein) with dextroposition of the heart, hypoplastic right lung, hypoplastic right pulmonary artery, collateral from the descending aorta supplied right lower lung, connection between collateral and right pulmonary artery with retrograde flow from ...
Linér Mats H - - 2010
Many competitive breath-hold divers employ the technique of glossopharyngeal insufflation in order to increase their lung gas volume for a dive. After a maximal inspiration, using the oral and pharyngeal muscles repeatedly, air in the mouth is compressed and forced into the lungs. Such overexpansion of the lungs is associated ...
Jiang F - - 2010
Transitory blocking of the pulmonary artery and veins is now being applied in the treatment of local advanced non-small cell lung cancer in our department. We performed this study to establish a pulmonary vessel blocking model in rabbits and investigate the features of lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. 126 New Zealand rabbits ...
Nielsen Niels D - - 2010
In a model of acute lung injury (ALI), previously, we have shown that apneic oxygenation, using an inspiratory O2 fraction (FiO2) of 1.0 combined with extracorporeal arteriovenous CO2 removal (AO-AVCR) maintains adequate arterial O2 and CO2 levels for a prolonged period. However, it is important that FiO2 lower than 1.0 ...
Kotake Takeshi - - 2010
We report a 39-year-old man with intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) who had been treated as a case with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) for one year. After he became worse, diffuse pulmonary (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in positron emission tomography (PET) suggested the existence of IVLBCL in the lung showing normal ...
Calkovska A - - 2009
Beside neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, secondary surfactant deficiency may occur in patients with mature lungs. Recent studies revealed quantitative and qualitative changes of lung surfactant in pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) concerning the total phospholipids content in BAL fluid, alterations in surfactant phospholipids classes and a large-to-small aggregates ratio. Reduced expression of ...
Pereira Andreia - - 2009
The Fontan procedure is sometimes the last palliative surgery for complex congenital heart disease with single-ventricle physiology. According to some authors, atrial-baffle fenestrations with right-to-left shunts have improved the surgical outcome of the Fontan operation. Percutaneous fenestration closure at a later stage may increase saturations and reduce the risk of ...
Panigada Serena - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in staging pulmonary involvement in juvenile systemic sclerosis (JSS). METHODS: Clinical charts of 17 JSS patients (pts) were reviewed and high-resolution CT (HRCT) scans and PFTs performed at first and last visit were examined. Forced ...
Chen Hsing I - - 2009
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the most devastating form of acute lung injury (ALI) or pulmonary edema (PE). We presented the experimental studies and clinical investigations of two serious forms of ALI. Drastic and severe PE could be induced by intracranial hypertension or cerebral compression (CC). The CC-induced PE ...
Gewillig Marc - - 2010
Ventricular dysfunction is frequently encountered in Fontan patients. Cardiologists and cardiac surgeons have, therefore, mainly focused on preservation of cardiac function, limiting the early volume overload as much as possible both in magnitude and duration. This resulted in improved cardiac function but, in some patients, also in poor pulmonary artery ...
Chao Yin Kai - - 2011
Post-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) lung injury is the combination of whole body inflammatory response and local ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We investigated the benefit of pulmonary perfusion with L-arginine in protection against post-CPB lung injury. New Zealand white rabbits (n = 50, weight, 2.5-2.8 kg) were divided into five groups (n = ...
Kagawa Hiroshi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion during routine open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass can lead to pulmonary dysfunction and vasoconstriction, resulting in a high morbidity and mortality. We investigated whether ischemia/reperfusion-induced pulmonary dysfunction after full-flow cardiopulmonary bypass could be prevented by the infusion of leukocyte-depleted hypoxemic blood during the early ...
Ridge Carole A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the diagnostic adequacy of lung scintigraphy with that of pulmonary CT angiography (CTA) in the care of pregnant patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient characteristics, radiology report content, additional imaging performed, final diagnosis, and diagnostic adequacy were ...
Wong Ka Kit - - 2009
A lobar ventilation-perfusion mismatch is reported in a patient with right superior pulmonary vein stenosis, developing after radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. Radionuclide lung perfusion tomography was performed to assist with clinical management. Serial planar lung scintigraphy demonstrated no improvement in the perfusion abnormality despite interventional stenting. Iatrogenic pulmonary vein ...
Franzen Olaf - - 2009
A 40-year-old woman with an aortopulmonary window combined with a severe stenosis of the right pulmonary artery was successfully treated by surgical closure of the defect and pulmonary artery patch plasty of the pulmonary stenosis. Even though the vasculature of the left lung was severely damaged preoperatively, the resulting pressure ...
Jetley Nishith Kumar - - 2009
We describe the case of a child suffering from congenital cyanotic heart disease - double outlet right ventricle (DORV) with transposition of great vessels (TOGV). She underwent a left Blalock-Tausig (BT) shunt at one month of age followed by a Glen procedure with left pulmonary artery augmentation at six months. ...
Ceridon Maile L ML Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
The present study examined the influence of rapid intravenous fluid loading (RFL) on airway structure and pulmonary vascular volumes using computed tomography imaging and the subsequent impact on pulmonary function in healthy adults (n = 16). Total lung capacity (DeltaTLC = -6%), forced vital capacity (DeltaFVC = -14%), and peak ...
Brown Stephen C - - 2010
The management of severely hypoplastic pulmonary arteries in the adolescent or adult with congenital heart disease is challenging. A patient with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD) presented with severe cyanosis due to a kinked and thrombosed right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit. Retrograde wedge angiography showed a patent ...
Dehnert C - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to better understand previously reported changes in lung function at high altitude. Comprehensive pulmonary function testing utilising body plethysmography and assessment of changes in closing volume were carried out at sea level and repeatedly over 2 days at high altitude (4,559 m) in ...
Eckle Tobias - - 2009
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a lung disease characterized by pulmonary edema and severe hypoxia. The past decade hosted a search for endogenous mechanisms controlling lung inflammation and pulmonary edema during ALI. As such, recent evidence indicates extracellular adenosine in orchestrating the resolution of pulmonary edema and inflammation during ALI.
Prasad R - - 2009
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is characterized by the presence of nonfunctional parenchymal lung tissue, receiving systemic arterial blood supply. It lacks normal communication with tracheobronchial tree. Failure to diagnose and treat this condition can lead to recurrent pneumonia and fatal hemoptysis. The aim of this case report is to increase awareness ...
Ferguson Mark K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Diffusing capacity is not routinely used in assessing risk of lung resection, perhaps owing to uncertainty as to whether patients with normal spirometric results require additional evaluation. We determined whether diffusing capacity is predictive of pulmonary complications after lung resection in patients with normal spirometric results. METHODS: We reviewed ...
Jeewa Aamir - - 2010
We describe and illustrate a rare association of hypoplastic left heart syndrome, absent hilar left pulmonary artery, and an unusual bronchopulmonary malformation. This case highlights the utility of combination imaging of echocardiography and CT angiography in diagnosing a cyanotic newborn with a chest radiograph that is suspicious for lung hypoplasia.
Ohnuma Aya - - 2010
Didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) is used worldwide as a germicide, in antiseptics, and as a wood preservative, and can cause adverse pulmonary disease in humans. However, the pulmonary toxicity of DDAC has not yet been thoroughly investigated. Mice were intratracheally instilled with DDAC to the lung and the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) ...
Topol Miros??aw - - 2009
Interest in the role of the pulmonary lymphatic system in the pathophysiology of pulmonary and systemic diseases induced us to carry out anatomical research on the lung lymphatic system in the Polish population. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether lymphatic vessels respect bronchopulmonary segment borders and to ...
Venuta Federico - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of the pulmonary artery in association with lung resection is technically feasible with low morbidity and mortality. To assess long-term outcome, we report our 20-year experience. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2008, we performed pulmonary artery reconstruction in 105 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (tangential resections not included). ...
González-Fernández Camilo - - 2009
Pulmonary venous vascular complications after lung transplantation are rare and a major cause of morbidity and mortality unless diagnosed and treated early. The epidemiological, diagnostic, and management characteristics of 33 patients (two of them in our hospital) with post-transplant pulmonary vein obstruction published in the literature were reviewed. We consider ...
Subotich Dragan - - 2009
Anatomical variations of the bronchi and lung vessels may be important obstacles during lung resection if overlooked. We designed this study to determine the frequency and types of variations of lung vessels during lung resections. In a 3[1/2]-year-period, anatomical variations were recorded and registered by digital photography at the hilar ...
Ong Lin Min - - 2009
Airway obstruction is a relative contraindication to diving. Dive candidates are assessed clinically, and lung function tests evaluate variables such as forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and the FEV1/FVC ratio. A small number of individuals have a normal FEV1, but a disproportionately large lung ...
Deryk Sylvia - - 2009
A Tc-99m Technegas MAA-SPECT was performed on an 81-year-old woman to exclude pulmonary embolism. It showed hypoperfusion and practically absent ventilation of the entire left lung, suggesting a left-sided centrally localized airway obstruction or compression with secondary hypoxic vasoconstriction. Subsequent bronchoscopy and CT scan detected tracheobronchomalacia with significant narrowing of ...
Fagerberg A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The heterogeneity of pulmonary ventilation (V), perfusion (Q) and V/Q matching impairs gas exchange in an acute lung injury (ALI). This study investigated the feasibility of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) to assess the V/Q distribution and matching during an endotoxinaemic ALI in pigs. METHODS: Mechanically ventilated, anaesthetised pigs (n=11, ...
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