Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2187
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Kiykim Ahmet Alper - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) increases mortality rate in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Numerous clinical, hemodynamic, and metabolic abnormalities have been suggested to be associated with the development of PHT in HD patients. We aimed to investigate the acute effects of two different dialyzer membranes on pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) throughout a HD ...
Ford Lincoln E - - 2010
Although acute hypertensive pulmonary edema is sometimes regarded as the most severe form of heart failure, at the peak of symptoms, hearts perform well above resting levels and cannot be said to be failing. Another characteristic of the condition, the rapidity of its onset and reversal when properly treated, suggests ...
Zeng Zhen - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension is a group of diseases comprising vascular constriction and obstructive changes of the pulmonary vasculature. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, for example, sildenafil, can alleviate vascular remodeling in the monocrotaline pulmonary hypertension model in rats. We investigate the mechanisms of sildenafil on the pulmonary vascular remodeling of pulmonary hypertension ...
Hasaniya Nahidh W - - 2010
The use of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit improved postoperative hemodynamics and survival in hypoplastic left heart syndrome patients. Proximal conduit anastomosis obstruction prompts hypercyanosis and early bidirectional Glenn connection. We describe modification of the proximal right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit anastomosis to eliminate this complication. Outcomes after Norwood operation using standard ...
Loukanov Tsvetomir - - 2010
There are several animal models for studying human pulmonary hypertension (PH). An increased flow model in pigs was developed at the University Hospital in Heidelberg in order to simulate congenital heart disease. The high pulmonary blood flow is achieved by installation of a Blalock-Taussig anastomosis. In order to further improve ...
Price Laura C - - 2010
Pulmonary vascular dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension (PH), and resulting right ventricular (RV) failure occur in many critical illnesses and may be associated with a worse prognosis. PH and RV failure may be difficult to manage: principles include maintenance of appropriate RV preload, augmentation of RV function, and reduction of RV afterload ...
Ilsar Rahn - - 2010
The pulmonary microcirculation is the chief regulatory site for resistance in the pulmonary circuit. Despite pulmonary microvascular dysfunction being implicated in the pathogenesis of several pulmonary vascular conditions, there are currently no techniques for the specific assessment of pulmonary microvascular integrity in humans. Peak hyperemic flow assessment using thermodilution-derived mean ...
Ramani Gautam V - - 2010
Sildenafil is an orally administered phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor that is approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The hemodynamic effects of sildenafil are mitigated primarily via potentiating the effects of endogenous nitric oxide, leading to smooth muscle cell relaxation and reductions in pulmonary arterial pressures and pulmonary ...
Serra Walter - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis is associated with a poor prognosis, but this can be improved by early disease detection. Abnormal pulmonary and cardiac function can be detected early by means of echocardiography, whereas right heart catheterization is usually performed later. The purpose of this prospective ...
Megalou Aikaterini J - - 2010
The role of transforming growth factor-β in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension is unclear. We examined the effects of T9429, an antibody against transforming growth factor-β receptors, on hemodynamic, histological and functional parameters in the rat model of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension. One week after monocrotaline injection (60 mg/kg) in ...
Hadian Mehrnaz - - 2010
Although less invasive than pulmonary artery catheters (PACs), arterial pulse pressure analysis techniques for estimating cardiac output (CO) have not been simultaneously compared to PAC bolus thermodilution CO (COtd) or continuous CO (CCO) devices. We compared the accuracy, bias and trending ability of LiDCO™, PiCCO™ and FloTrac™ with PACs (COtd, ...
Nadler Samuel T - - 2010
Multiple conditions result in development of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the subclassification of pulmonary hypertension, in which known or unknown underlying conditions lead to similar intrinsic alterations in the pulmonary vasculature. PAH is a progressive condition characterized by restricted blood flow through the pulmonary circulation leading to ...
van Albada Mirjam E - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a pulmonary angioproliferative disease with high morbidity and mortality, characterized by a typical pattern of pulmonary vascular remodeling including neointimal lesions. In congenital heart disease, increased pulmonary blood flow has appeared to be a key mediator in the development of these characteristic lesions, but the ...
Sakao Seiichiro - - 2010
Vascular remodeling is an important pathological feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which leads to increased pulmonary vascular resistance, with marked proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (SMC) and/or endothelial cells (EC). Successful treatment of experimental PAH with a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor offers the ...
Tonelli Adriano R - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) encompasses a number of diseases responsible for a specific set of hemodynamic findings during right heart catheterization. During initial workup, pulmonary vasodilator testing is performed. A positive acute pulmonary vasodilator test predicts better survival and response to calcium channel blocker (CCB) therapy. There is lack of ...
Podlutsky Andrej - - 2010
Aging in the systemic circulation is associated with generalized endothelial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress, which are thought to contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. Previous studies have shown that pulmonary artery pressure and vascular resistance increase with normal aging in humans, yet ...
Bircan Ahmet - - 2011
Background: Objective diagnosis of severe pulmonary embolism (PE) is obligatory because of its considerable mortality. Aim: To assess the abilities of electrocardiography (ECG) score (sECG) and the newly generated scoring system composed of the scores obtained from arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and shock index (SI) in addition to sECG ...
Geiger Ralph - - 2009
In congenital heart disease (CHD), mechanical wall stress by increased pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary blood flow is believed to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary plexogenic arteriopathy (PPA). The pathogenesis of this disease that involves significant pulmonary arterial remodelling, is, however, largely unknown. In the systemic ...
Shah Ami A - - 2010
Clinical markers are needed to identify scleroderma patients at risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) since early therapy may improve survival. We investigated whether increased numbers of telangiectases in scleroderma associate with measures of pulmonary vascular disease. One hundred forty-seven consecutive adult patients with scleroderma were enrolled in this cross-sectional ...
Yuki Koichi - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of left heart bypass (LHB) on regional pulmonary blood flow and arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study SETTING: Operating room PATIENTS: 14 ASA physical status II and III patients scheduled to undergo descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic surgery using LHB. ...
Kowal-Bielecka Otylia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validation status of echocardiography with continuous Doppler (echo-Doppler) as an outcome measure in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with systemic sclerosis (PAH-SSc). METHODS: Structured literature review on full-text English articles was performed using the PubMed and Cochrane databases. Assessment of validation of echo-Doppler was based on the ...
Chen Bernadette - - 2009
The role of cAMP in the pulmonary vasculature during the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life is poorly understood. We hypothesized that cAMP levels are regulated by alterations in phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3), which hydrolyzes cAMP. PDE3 protein expression and hydrolytic activity were increased in the resistance pulmonary arteries (PA) from ...
Blalock Shannon E - - 2010
This study evaluated long-term outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) undergoing treatment with ambrisentan monotherapy, a selective oral endothelin-1 receptor antagonist. Patients who participated in the Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Efficacy Study (ARIES-1) clinical trial and extension phase at our ...
Hamal Krishna R - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS; ascites) in fast growing meat-type chickens (broilers) is characterized by the onset of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) leading to right-sided congestive heart failure and terminal ascites. Intravenous microparticle (MP) injection is a tool used by poultry geneticists to screen for the broilers that are resistant ...
Weiler Zeev - - 2010
BACKGROUND: At the population level, asthma has been associated with chronic systemic inflammation as well as adverse cardiovascular outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate peripheral vascular hemodynamic variables of arterial stiffness (AS) and their relationship to pulmonary function tests in asthmatic patients. METHODS: Young asthmatic patients ...
Schreiber Christian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of surgeons prefer to place a conduit from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery at the time of the Norwood stage I procedure. Proximal conduit stenoses have led us to modify this technique by using ring-enforced polytetrafluoroethylene conduits. METHODS: Angiograms of 24 patients with conventional ...
Kashihara Koji - - 2009
Among the many cardiopulmonary reflexes, this review specifically examines the roles of the arterial baroreflex during the Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR). Activation of cardiopulmonary vagal afferent C-fibers induces hypotension, bradycardia, and apnea, which are known collectively as the BJR; myocardial ischemia and infarction might induce the BJR. Arterial baroreflex has been ...
Sawamura Fusae - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of tadalafil (0.5, 2.5, and 10 mg/kg per day) on the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in early treatment and on the survival rate in late treatment on the monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH rat model. Tadalafil was administered once daily ...
Matsuoka Shin - - 2010
Vascular alteration of small pulmonary vessels is one of the characteristic features of pulmonary hypertension in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The in vivo relationship between pulmonary hypertension and morphological alteration of the small pulmonary vessels has not been assessed in patients with severe emphysema. We evaluated the correlation of total ...
Rizzoni Damiano - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Structural alterations of small resistance arteries in essential hypertensive patients (EH) are mostly characterized by inward eutrophic remodeling. However, we observed hypertrophic remodeling in patients with renovascular hypertension, in those with acromegaly, as well as in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, suggesting a relevant effect of humoral growth factors ...
Badesch David B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Registry to EValuate Early And Long-term pulmonary arterial hypertension disease management (REVEAL Registry) was established to provide updated characteristics of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and to improve diagnosis, treatment, and management. METHODS: Fifty-four US centers enrolled consecutively screened patients with World Health Organization group I PAH ...
Maluf Miguel Angel - - 2009
We present a case of a 19 year-old female patient, with tetralogy of Fallot and hypoplastic pulmonary ring. Diagnosis was performed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The surgical repair was performed at the age of 2 years old. A right ventricular outflow tract remodeling was performed using a porcine pulmonary ...
Vuckovic Aline - - 2009
The pathobiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is not understood completely. Recent observations in patients with PAH and in knockout models have raised the idea that a defect in vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) may be involved in PAH physiopathology. Therefore, we investigated the expressions of VIP, the related pituitary adenylate ...
Wright S A - - 2009
We assessed whether quantitative analysis of Doppler flow velocity waveforms is able to identify subclinical microvascular abnormalities in SLE and whether eigenvector analysis can detect changes not detectable using the resistive index (RI). Fifty-four SLE patients with no conventional cardiovascular risk factors, major organ involvement or retinopathy were compared to ...
Al-Khaldi Abdulaziz - - 2009
The outcomes of surgical repair for diffuse pulmonary artery stenoses due to arterial tortuosity syndrome are unknown. We report a 1-year-old girl with tortuosity syndrome who presented with suprasystemic right ventricular pressure due to distortion and stenoses of the pulmonary artery branches. We describe the operative findings of this unique ...
Kim Hae Soon - - 2009
At birth, the fetal circulation must immediately adapt to extrauterine life. Our goal was to evaluate perinatal changes in the size of the aorta (Ao) and pulmonary artery (PA), and to investigate factors influencing these changes. Aortic and PA diameters were measured by echocardiography in 50 healthy term babies one ...
Zhao You-Yang - - 2009
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and vascular remodeling leading to right heart failure and early death. Our recent studies with the use of the novel mouse model with genetic deletions of caveolin-1 (Cav1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) (NOS3) have ...
Khanna Dinesh - - 2009
There have been steady efforts to develop a combined response index for systemic sclerosis (CRISS). A parallel and equally successful effort has been made by an Expert Panel on Outcome Measures in PAH related to Systemic Sclerosis (EPOSS) to measure effect in treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension of systemic sclerosis ...
Scarlata Simone - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of a diagnosis of pulmonary restriction made using forced vital capacity (FVC) less than the lower limit of normal (LLN) with the criterion standard diagnosis made using total lung capacity (TLC) less than the LLN in an elderly population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: A teaching ...
Chandra Sonal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Abnormal carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) is a marker of pulmonary vascular disease and predicts the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and poor prognosis in diseases such as systemic sclerosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Little is known of its prognostic utility in World Health Organization (WHO) Group I ...
Parsons-Wingerter Patricia - - 2010
Vascular dropout and angiogenesis are hallmarks of the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). However, current evaluation of DR relies on grading of secondary vascular effects, such as microaneurysms and hemorrhages, by clinical examination instead of by evaluation of actual vascular changes. The purpose of this study was to map and ...
Honjo Osami - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine if intraoperative pulmonary artery (PA) flow studies after complete unifocalization correlate with postrepair hemodynamics for pulmonary atresia (PA), ventricular septal defects (VSD), and major aortopulmonary collaterals. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients (median age, 8 months; weight, 7.9 kg) underwent unifocalization between 2003 and 2008. ...
Gruenig Ekkehard - - 2009
This study investigated the acute pharmacodynamic effects of sildenafil in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and concomitant bosentan treatment, in view of a mutual pharmacokinetic interaction between the 2 drugs. This prospective, open-label, noncomparative, multicenter, phase II study enrolled 45 patients (>or=18 years) with stable PAH (idiopathic, familial, or ...
Kugathasan Lakshmi - - 2009
The role of the angiopoietin-1 (Ang1)-Tie2 pathway in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is controversial. Although Ang1 is well known to prevent endothelial activation and injury in systemic vascular beds, this pathway has been suggested to mediate pulmonary vascular remodeling in PAH. Therefore, we used transgenic models to ...
Møller Søren - - 2009
Pulmonary dysfunction including the hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an important complication to cirrhosis and portal hypertension. However, the precise relation to liver dysfunction and the prevalence of HPS are unclear. We therefore aimed to assess (i) the prevalence of HPS in consecutive alcoholic cirrhotic patients, (ii) the degree of pulmonary ...
Gatzoulis M A - - 2009
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) commonly arises in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Greater numbers of patients with PAH associated with CHD (PAH-CHD) are now surviving into adulthood, many with increasingly complex cardiac defects. Patients with cardiac defects which result in left-to-right shunting are at risk of developing PAH, owing ...
Montani David - - 2009
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease characterized by vascular proliferation and remodeling, resulting in a progressive increase in pulmonary arterial resistance, right heart failure, and death. The pathogenesis of PAH is multifactorial, with endothelial cell dysfunction playing an integral role. This endothelial dysfunction is characterized by an overproduction ...
Poelaert Jan - - 2009
Echography has developed as an indispensable tool in diagnosis and subsequent therapy in the critically ill. Although pulmonary and abdominal ultrasounds play a major role in their management, this article will discuss the advantages and indications of echocardiography in the intensive care unit (ICU). The assessment of morphological abnormalities, left ...
Palazzini M - - 2009
A 27-yr-old female with a 6-month diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) confirmed elsewhere was referred to our centre with worsening dyspnoea. On examination, the patient had low systemic oxygen saturation despite high oxygen flow and reduced exercise capacity. Haemodynamics were indicative of severe pre-capillary PAH. High-resolution computed tomography ...
Kähler C M - - 2009
A full diagnostic work-up for patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) is vital. Classification and diagnosis of the underlying cause is important to ensure optimal management, but may be complicated by overlapping signs and symptoms. This case study describes how a full work-up identified chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH) as the cause ...
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