Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2187
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Toprak Ahmet - - 2011
Conflicting information exists regarding the association between hsCRP and the progression of early stages of atherosclerosis. The purpose of the study was to investigate the association of high sensitiviy c-reactive protein (hsCRP) along with major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on early carotid atherosclerosis progression in a large, population-based cohort study. ...
Johansson Elias P - - 2011
Directed ultrasonic screening for carotid stenosis is cost-effective in populations with > 5% prevalence of the diagnosis. Occasionally, calcifications in the area of the carotid arteries are incidentally detected on odontological panoramic radiographs. We aimed to determine if directed screening for carotid stenosis with ultrasound is indicated in individuals with ...
Su Ta-Chen - - 2011
Vegetarianism is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, studies of arterial function in vegetarians are limited. This study investigated arterial function in vegetarianism by comparing 49 healthy postmenopausal vegetarians with 41 age-matched omnivores. The arterial function of the common carotid artery was assessed by carotid duplex, while ...
Ruzsa Zoltán - - 2011
the clinical decision making could be difficult in patients with borderline lesions (visually assessed stenosis severity of 30 to 50%) of the left main coronary artery (LM). The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between transthoracic Doppler (TTDE) peak diastolic flow velocity (PDV) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) ...
Rabindranath Kannaiyan S - - 2011
A significant proportion of patients starting dialysis do so with a temporary or tunnelled haemodialysis catheter. Insertion of these catheters can be achieved either by using the anatomical landmarks for the veins into which they are inserted or using ultrasound guidance. It has been suggested that the use of ultrasound ...
Junker Christopher - - 2011
Arterial blood gases (ABG) are obtained commonly in dyspneic persons presenting to emergency departments. The study by Burri and colleagues found that the information contained in ABG fails to distinguish between pulmonary and other causes of dyspnea. On the other hand, arterial pH was highly predictive of ICU admission and ...
Honge Jesper L - - 2011
Glutaraldehyde-treated bioprosthetic heart valves are commonly used for replacement of diseased heart valves. However, calcification and wear limit their durability, and the development of new and improved bioprosthetic valve designs is needed and must be evaluated in a reliable animal model. We studied glutaraldehyde-treated valves 6 months after implantation to ...
Bridges Lakeesha E LE Julius L. Chambers Biomedical/Biotechnology Research Institute, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC, - - 2011
Proximal resistance vessels, such as the mesenteric arteries, contribute substantially to the peripheral resistance. These small vessels of between 100-400 μm in diameter function primarily in directing blood flow to various organs according to the overall requirements of the body. The rat mesenteric artery has a diameter greater than 100 ...
Sharif Dawod - - 2010
In the presence of severe stenosis, coronary artery flow may be reduced at rest. Recent advances in echocardiography have made non-invasive sampling of velocities in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) possible. The aim of our study was to evaluate feasibility and capability of transthoracic Doppler to detect severe ...
O'Donnell C - - 2010
For patients with an atrial septal defect and pulmonary hypertension it can be difficult to determine whether it is safe to intervene. With newer treatments for pulmonary hypertension and transcatheter techniques avoiding surgical stressors, it has been hoped that we can occlude previously inoperable defects safely. We undertook a subgroup ...
Lu Xian-Ling - - 2010
It has been demonstrated that sildenafil is effective in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the impact of sildenafil on PAH in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been less investigated. In this prospective, open-label, uncontrolled and multicenter study, 60 patients with PAH related to CHD received oral ...
Hindocha Amit D - - 2010
To determine the relationship between the plane of occlusion and the Camper's line (ala-tragus line). Lateral cephalograms of 105 dentulous subjects were obtained after outlining the tragus and the base of the ala of the nose with radiopaque markers. Tracings of the cephalograms were done and the relationship between the ...
Vanderpool Rebecca R - - 2011
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is initially a disease of the small pulmonary arteries. Its severity is usually quantified by pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Acute Rho kinase inhibition has been found to reduce PVR toward control values in animal models, suggesting that persistent pulmonary vasoconstriction is the dominant mechanism for increased ...
Gancel P-E - - 2011
Transcutaneous CO(2) monitors are widely used in neonatal ICUs. Until recently, these devices performed poorly in adults. Recent technical modifications have produced transcutaneous CO(2) monitors that have performed well in adults with chronic illnesses. We evaluated the accuracy of one of these devices, the TOSCA(®) 500, in adults admitted to ...
Willens Howard J - - 2010
A 39-year-old female had cor triatriatum (CT) detected as an incidental finding on transthoracic echocardiography performed to evaluate chest pain. By conventional two- and real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, the CT membrane had a communicating orifice connecting the accessory and main left atrial chambers that measured 1.3 × 0.8 cm. ...
Barst R - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary artery pressure, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Prior to 1995, there were no approved therapies for PAH. Review of the clinical drug development of epoprostenol (synthetic prostacyclin) for the treatment of ...
Gordon Brent M - - 2010
Staged palliative surgery is often required to regulate pulmonary and systemic blood flow in children with complex congenital heart disease. Accessory sources of pulmonary blood flow have been utilized to provide satisfactory pulmonary blood flow after Glenn anastomosis in select patients. Prolonged exposure to increased flow can lead to elevated ...
Dai Zen-Kong - - 2010
Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin (ET)-1 interact to regulate the vascular tone in pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated the protective effects of an orally active, dual endothelin converting enzyme (ECE)/neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor/CGS 26393 on pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary expressions of ET-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) ...
Rich Stuart - - 2010
The current treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) uses vasodilator drugs. Although they improve symptoms associated with PAH, their chronic effects on the pulmonary vasculature and the right ventricle (RV) in humans remain unknown. We report the autopsy findings from a patient with idiopathic PAH treated with epoprostenol successfully for ...
Russell Hyde M - - 2011
A common arterial trunk is a solitary trunk that exits the heart through a common ventriculo-arterial junction and supplies directly the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary arterial pathways. It remains to be determined, however, how best to subclassify those hearts fulfilling this definition. The time-honored classification is based on the morphology ...
Palecek Tomas - - 2011
The differentiation between chronic pulmonary thromboembolic hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a clinical challenge. The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of both echocardiographically and invasively derived pulmonary artery pulsatility indexes in the etiologic differentiation of patients with CTEPH and PAH. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Xu M H - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by sustained elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance resulting from endothelial and smooth muscle cell dysfunction and collagen deposition in pulmonary vascular walls. In this study, we investigated the role of the adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) in the development of PAH by determining the effect ...
Liu Min - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the role of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in the assessment of severity and right ventricular function in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Clinical and radiological data of 56 patients with CTEPH January 2006-October 2009 were retrospectively reviewed in the present study. All patients received ...
Huo Yan Miao - - 2010
To investigate the influence of chronic liver disease (CLD) on pulmonary diffusion function. Arterial blood gas analysis, pulmonary function test, contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography and technetium macro-aggregated albumin scanning were performed in 50 cirrhotic patients who underwent surgery on portal hypertension and liver transplantation. The severity of chronic liver disease (CLD) ...
Gao Yuansheng - - 2010
During the development of the pulmonary vasculature in the fetus, many structural and functional changes occur to prepare the lung for the transition to air breathing. The development of the pulmonary circulation is genetically controlled by an array of mitogenic factors in a temporo-spatial order. With advancing gestation, pulmonary vessels ...
Matsumoto Isao - - 2010
We investigated whether fluorescent agents, especially vitamin B2, can act as tracers for intraoperative pulmonary sentinel node mapping. Vitamin B2, fluorescent beads, and green fluorescent protein (GFP) were each injected into pulmonary parenchyma in 4 pigs (experiment 1). The safety of each tracer was also verified in 12 rats (experiment ...
Oizumi Hiroyuki - - 2011
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of anatomic thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy performed under the guidance of 3-dimensional multidetector computed tomography simulation. Between September 2004 and June 2009, 52 patients (median age, 68 years; range, 16-85 years) underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy without mini-thoracotomy. Images were obtained by ...
Bailey Damian M - - 2010
High altitude (HA)-induced pulmonary hypertension may be due to a free radical-mediated reduction in pulmonary nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. We hypothesised that the increase in pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) at HA would be associated with a net transpulmonary output of free radicals and corresponding loss of bioactive NO metabolites. ...
Unal Aydin - - 2010
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate long-term effects of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) on the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and the relationship between blood flow rate of AVF and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) in the patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This prospective study was performed ...
Li Xiao-Hui - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that the plasma level of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) was increased accompanied by the decreased dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) activity in pulmonary hypertension (PH) and ADMA was able to regulate pulmonary endothelial cells mobility through increasing the activity of Rho kinase (ROCK). This work was conducted to explore ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2010
In contrast to the well-established scientific evidence linking negative emotional states (e.g., depression, anxiety, or anger) to increased risk for cardiovascular disease, much less is known about the association between positive emotional states (e.g., laughter, happiness) and cardiovascular health. We determined the effects of mirthful laughter, elicited by watching comic ...
Huang Chung-Chi - - 2011
Transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output is used in calculating aortic impedance for calibrating the pulse-contour analysis and is applied to calculate extravascular lung water (EVLW). Whether pulmonary edema affects the accuracy of transpulmonary thermodilution is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the effects of extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) on the ...
Yue Wen-Sheng - - 2010
Smoking is associated with depletion of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and may subsequently contribute to the development of vascular dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between circulating EPCs and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) as determined by flow cytometry and echocardiography in 174 patients (mean ...
Dias-Junior Carlos A - - 2010
While endogenous nitric oxide (NO) may be relevant to the beneficial hemodynamic effects produced by sildenafil during acute pulmonary embolism (APE), huge amounts of inducible NO synthase (iNOS)-derived NO may contribute to lung injury. We hypothesized that iNOS inhibition with S-methylisothiourea could attenuate APE-induced increases in oxidative stress and pulmonary ...
Mercier Olaf - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, high flow in unobstructed lung regions may induce small-vessel damage responsible for persistent pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. In piglets, closure of an experimental aortopulmonary shunt reverses the flow-induced vascular lesions and diminishes the elevated levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) expression for ...
Carev Mladen - - 2010
Secondary pulmonary hypertension is a frequent condition after heart valve surgery. It may significantly complicate the perioperative management and increase patients' morbidity and mortality. The treatment has not been yet completely defined principally because of lack of the selectivity of drugs for the pulmonary vasculature. The usage of inhaled milrinone ...
Whelan Daniel B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate changes in pulmonary blood flow after lung contusion and fat embolism. METHODS: Eighteen mongrel dogs were randomly assigned to three groups: fat embolism alone (n = 7); moderate unilateral pulmonary contusion followed by fat embolism (n = 6); and severe unilateral pulmonary contusion followed ...
Kunihara Takashi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postoperative outcome after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) for CTEPH (chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension) is difficult to predict. We analyzed specific angiographic findings to predict the success of PEA. METHODS: Pulmonary angiograms were reviewed retrospectively in 90 patients with CTEPH who underwent PEA. The proximal 2 cm of a segmental artery ...
Van der Meeren A - - 2010
The biodistribution of plutonium and americium has been studied in a rat model after inhalation of two PuO(2) powders in lungs and extra-pulmonary organs from 3 d to 3 mo. The main difference between the two powders was the content of americium (approximately 46% and 4.5% of total alpha activity). ...
Saouti N - - 2010
The anatomical differences between the pulmonary and systemic arterial system are the main cause of the difference in distribution of compliance. In the pulmonary arterial system compliance is distributed over the entire arterial system, and stands at the basis of the constancy of the RC-time. This distribution depends on the ...
Lopes Patricia Cristina Ferro - - 2010
To compare cardiac output (CO) measured by Doppler echocardiography and thermodilution techniques in spontaneously breathing dogs during continuous infusion of propofol. To do so, CO was obtained using the thermodilution method (CO(TD)) and Doppler evaluation of pulmonary flow (CO(DP)) and aortic flow (CO(DA)). Prospective cohort study. Eight adult dogs weighing ...
Schumann Christian - - 2010
Besides persisting high pulmonary arterial pressure and increased pulmonary vascular resistance, remodelling of pulmonary tissues and subsequently the right heart are the key pathomechanisms of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Extracellular matrix maintenance in this context plays a central role. We tested the hypothesis that plasma concentration of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, tissue ...
Stayer Stephen A - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension presenting in the neonatal period can be due to congenital heart malformations (most commonly associated with obstruction to pulmonary venous drainage), high output cardiac failure from large arteriovenous malformations and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Of these, the most common cause is PPHN. PPHN develops when ...
Kocatürk Meriç - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the influence of lobectomy and pneumonectomy on cardiac rhythm and on the dimensions and function of the right-side of the heart. Twelve dogs undergoing lobectomy and eight dogs undergoing pneumonectomy were evaluated preoperatively and one month postoperatively with electrocardiography and Doppler echocardiography at rest. Pulmonary ...
Memtsoudis Stavros G - - 2010
The transient and rarely clinically relevant effect of bone and cement embolization during unilateral joint arthroplasty is a known phenomenon. However, available studies do not address events surrounding bilateral total hip arthroplasties, during which embolic load is presumably doubled. To elucidate events surrounding this increasingly used procedure and assess the ...
Dromparis Peter - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by a hyperproliferative and anti-apoptotic diathesis within the vascular wall of the resistance pulmonary arteries, leading to vascular lumen occlusion, right ventricular failure, and death. Most current therapies show poor efficacy due to emphasis on vasodilation (rather than proliferation/apoptosis) and a lack of specificity ...
Ilsar Rahn - - 2010
Despite increasing evidence implicating the pulmonary microcirculation in the pathogenesis of lung conditions such as pulmonary vascular disease, there remain few methods for its evaluation in vivo. We recently demonstrated that the novel index of Doppler-derived pulmonary flow reserve (PFR(dopp)=maximal hyperaemic/basal pulmonary flow) could be reliably measured in high primates. ...
Burton Victoria J - - 2011
Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor II (BMPR-II) underlie most heritable cases of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, less than half the individuals who harbor mutations develop the disease. Interestingly, heterozygous null BMPR-II mice fail to develop PAH unless an additional inflammatory insult is applied, suggesting that BMPR-II plays a ...
Rossi Pascal - - 2010
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by the development of fibrosis of skin and internal organs that is associated with vascular damage. However, its related parameters have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate endothelial function in SSc and its relationship with systolic pulmonary artery pressure ...
Wright Joanne L - - 2011
the potential role of statins in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial, and it is unclear what anatomic COPD lesions statins affect. to determine whether an intervention of simvastatin could alter cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary hypertension. we exposed guinea pigs to cigarette smoke for 6 months. In half the ...
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