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Deftereos Spyridon - - 2011
BackgroundEvidence shows that the soluble tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL) may play a protective role against atherosclerosis. This study sought to investigate the potential association of sTRAIL levels with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology characteristics of coronary plaques.MethodsPatients with stable angina or positive for ischaemia non-invasive test were ...
Hurks Rob - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify local differences in inflammation and tissue degradation within the circumference of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). AAAs have the potential to rupture, and it is unknown why this predominantly occurs at the posterolateral wall. Blood flow dynamics likely influence rupture location but ...
Banerjee A D - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The artery of Bernasconi and Cassinari is an important infraclinoid branch of the internal cerebral artery. It is of neuroendovascular relevance in view of its supply to complex lesions such as meningiomas and arteriovenous malformations in the tentorial and falcotentorial regions. The present microanatomic study attempts a morphometric ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2011
Studies showed that vascular diseases were prone to occur in curved arteries. In this paper, biomechanical behaviors of curved artery with flexible wall subjected to physiological flow were presented. Fluid-structure interaction effect was considered. The Von Mises stress variation and distribution patterns, the influence of artery curvature and flexibility on ...
de Valence Sarra - - 2011
In the active field of vascular graft research, polycaprolactone is often used because of its good mechanical strength and its biocompatibility. It is easily processed into micro and nano-fibers by electrospinning to form a porous, cell-friendly scaffold. However, long term in vivo performance of polycaprolactone vascular grafts had yet to be ...
Ji Muhuo - - 2011
This study aims to determine whether levosimendan combined with arginine vasopressin infusion supplemented with norepinephrine can improve hemodynamics and pulmonary dysfunction. The study was tested in a fecal peritonitis-induced septic shock model, we observed that levosimendan combined with arginine vasopressin supplemented with norepinephrine therapy resulted in lower mean pulmonary artery ...
Erdogan Serkan - - 2011
This study presents a morphometric developmental analysis of bovine kidneys and a demonstration of intrarenal arterial vascularization in the prenatal period. A total of 40 Holstein bovine fetuses constituted the material of the study. The fetuses were divided into three groups, according to the gestational stages they belonged to early, ...
Levisman Jeffrey M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been a mainstream surgical procedure for coronary artery disease for the past three decades. 64-Slice coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has been established as an accurate alternative to invasive coronary artery angiography for postoperative evaluation of bypass grafts. The goal for this ...
Sepehripour Amir H - - 2011
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether harvesting the saphenous vein (SV) as a conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using a no-touch technique would result in better patency rates. This technique involves the harvest of the SV with a ...
Mutsaerts Henri J M M - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low wall shear stress (WSS) is an early marker in the development of vascular lesions. The present study aims to assess the relationship between diastolic and systolic WSS in the internal carotid artery and periventricular (PWML), deep white matter lesions, and cerebral infarcts (CI). METHODS: Early, mid, ...
Bakar Bulent - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Despite the explanations put forth in many studies regarding histopathological evidence of the inflammatory stage related with the infusion of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the vessel wall and its lumen, there has been no research to evaluate its neural toxicity when it is infused via the intracarotid route. This ...
Ratchford Elizabeth V - - 2011
Few studies have examined the early effects of statins on carotid artery elasticity, a potential surrogate marker of cardiovascular risk. This study examined the short-term effects of atorvastatin 80 mg daily on carotid elasticity measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. The study included 40 stroke-free and statin-naive subjects older than age ...
Ruttmann Elfriede - - 2011
The best second arterial conduit for multiple arterial revascularization (MAR) is still a matter of debate. Previous studies on the benefit of either using the radial artery (RA) or the right internal thoracic artery (RITA) in coronary artery bypass grafting are not conclusive. The aim of our study was to ...
Perrotta Ida - - 2011
Perrotta I, Russo E, Camastra C, Filice G, Di Mizio G, Colosimo F, Ricci P, Tripepi S, Amorosi A, Triumbari F & Donato G (2011) Histopathology59, 504-513 New evidence for a critical role of elastin in calcification of native heart valves: immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study with literature review Aims:  Calcific ...
Wen Jun - - 2011
Preliminary studies on an individual helical graft indicated that its hemodynamics might be improved while pressure drop increased compared with a traditional graft. Aiming to investigate whether the benefits of a helical graft to hemodynamics dominate its deficits, this study numerically carried out comparative study of helical-type artery bypass graft ...
Zahnd Guillaume - - 2011
The aim of this study was to clinically investigate the association between the risk factors of early-stage atherosclerosis and the two-dimensional (2-D) movement of the artery wall. To meet this objective, a speckle tracking approach for the estimation of the 2-D trajectory of the vessel wall was proposed and applied ...
Sharma D P - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcome of intra procedure rupture (IPR) during endovascular coiling of intracranial aneurysms, a neurosurgeons' experience. Materials and Methods: The frequency of IPR was studied in 168 aneurysms treated by endovascular coiling in 150 consecutive patients. Aneurysm ...
Wollmann Luciana Cristina Ferretti de Nazareno - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphology of decelluarized and/or cryopreserved porcine pulmonary valves, to determine a solution capable of completely remove the cells without damaging the extracellular matrix. Porcine pulmonary valves were incubated for 24 hs in sodium deoxicholate 1% or sodium dodecyl sulfate 0.1 and ...
Tweet Marysia S MS Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
To develop and assess the feasibility of a novel method for identification, recruitment, and retrospective and prospective evaluation of patients with rare conditions. This pilot study is a novel example of "patient-initiated research." After being approached by several members of an international disease-specific support group on a social networking site, ...
Nambyiah P - - 2011
We investigated the number and distribution of arteries within the brachial plexus territory using a portable ultrasound device, and compared these findings with known cadaveric data. We recruited 200 volunteers and carried out 400 brachial plexus examinations in a prospective observational study design. We identified arteries within the brachial plexus ...
Yoon Se-Jung - - 2011
Backgrounds: Recent studies have shown that thermal therapy by means of warm waterbaths and sauna has beneficial effects in chronic heart failure. However, a comprehensive investigation of the hemodynamic effects of thermal vasodilation on coronary arteries has not been previously undertaken. In this study, we studied the effect of a ...
Miao Cuilian - - 2011
To determine the relationship of pericardial fat, which secretes proinflammatory markers that have been implicated in coronary atherosclerosis, with atherosclerotic plaque in an asymptomatic population-based cohort. In this institutional review board-approved study, all participants supplied written informed consent. One hundred eighty-three participants (89 women, 94 men; mean age, 61 years ...
Vavere Andrea L - - 2011
To evaluate the influence of cross-sectional arc calcification on the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography (CT) angiography compared with conventional coronary angiography for the detection of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Institutional Review Board approval and written informed consent were obtained from all centers and participants for this HIPAA-compliant study. ...
Hope William W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel treatment of peripheral vascular disease through treadling and to report a dynamic vascular ultrasound technique. After informed consent, 17 volunteers were enrolled in the study. Ultrasound was used to measure venous and arterial waveforms at ...
Filipovic Nenad - - 2011
Atherosclerosis develops from oxidized low-density lipoprotein molecules (LDL). When oxidized LDL evolves in plaque formations within an artery wall, a series of reactions occur to repair the damage to the artery wall caused by oxidized LDL. Macrophages accumulate inside arterial intima, they started to collect oxidized LDL and form foam ...
Linhares Renata Rejane - - 2011
Different vascular abnormalities have been reported under the denomination of "persistence of the fifth aortic arch." Detailed studies on experimental embryology raised the discussion about the existence of the fifth aortic arch as an embryological structure, both in humans and mammals. In 1969 the Van Praaghs described the occurrence of ...
Keshavarz-Motamed Z - - 2011
Coarctation of the aorta is an obstruction of the aorta and is usually associated with other concomitant cardiovascular abnormalities especially with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis. The objectives of this study are, (1) to investigate the effects of coarctation on the hemodynamics in the aorta to gain a better understanding of ...
Van Dijck Cédric - - 2011
The free vascularised corticoperiosteal flap from the medial femoral condyle, as described by Doi and Sakai, can be used for difficult non-unions. This flap is supplied by the Descending Genicular Artery (DGA) and the Superomedial Genicular Artery (SMA). In this anatomical study we describe the anatomy of these arteries. The ...
Krapp M - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate which cardiac planes and malformations can be visualized by first trimester fetal echocardiography during the daily routine in a prenatal medicine unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2007 to June 2009, all fetuses with a crown rump length between 45 and ...
Chang Tara I - - 2011
Identifying potential modifiable risk factors to reduce the incidence of vascular access thrombosis in hemodialysis could reduce considerable morbidity and health care costs. We analyzed data from a subset of 1426 HEMO study subjects to determine whether more frequent intradialytic hypotension and/or lower predialysis systolic BP were associated with higher ...
Xu Wei-Hai - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Microanatomy studies reveal that most penetrating branches of middle cerebral artery (MCA) arise from the dorsal-superior surface of the trunk. Using high-resolution MRI, we sought to explore the plaque distribution of MCA atherosclerosis and its clinical relevance in relation to the orifices of penetrating arteries. METHODS: We ...
Mohamed T - - 2011
Thirty-six cows with confirmed vegetative endocarditis at postmortem examination were examined in this study. In 33 cows, echocardiography showed lesions of the pulmonic, tricuspid and mitral valves. Ten healthy cows were enrolled in the study as controls. In diseased cows, clinical signs included recurrent fever, dyspnoea, epistaxis, tachycardia, murmurs, weight ...
Yu Xuan - - 2011
Estrogens can either relax or contract arteries via rapid, nongenomic mechanisms involving classic estrogen receptors (ER). In addition to ERα and ERβ, estrogen may also stimulate G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) in nonvascular tissue; however, a potential role for GPER in coronary arteries is unclear. The purpose of this ...
Tamang Anusuya - - 2011
This study investigates the contractile response to 5 hydroxytryptamine (5HT) of chorionic artery and vein segments from normotensive (NT) and pre-eclamptic (PE) placentae. It also looked at the effectiveness of ketanserin (KET), a 5HT(2A) receptor antagonist, in reducing 5HT-mediated vasoconstriction. 5HT induced vasoconstriction in all of the vessels was studied. ...
Ghasemi Hassan - - 2011
Purpose: Ocular and pulmonary involvement are the most important complications of sulfur mustard (SM) that may happen many years after exposure. This study aims to evaluate the severity of ocular involvement and the correlation between late ocular and lung complications in patients exposed to SM. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study ...
Starke R M - - 2011
Rebleeding after initial aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can have substantial impact on overall patient outcome. While older studies have suggested rebleeding occurs in about 4% of patients during the first day after initial aneurysmal bleed, these studies may have failed to capture very early rebleeds and, consequently, underestimated the impact ...
Tariq Rukhsana - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Congenital coronary artery anomalies are generally incidental, uncommon and asymptomatic. Some can cause severe potentially life threatening symptoms. The common mode of studying the coronary arteries is Conventional Coronary Angiogram. ECG-gated-multidetector CT is a non invasive modality. The objective of our study was to identify rare congenital coronary artery ...
Moore H M - - 2011
Although deep venous insufficiency is common and important, the anatomy of deep vein valves is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the location, number and consistency of venous valves in the femoral and popliteal veins in normal subjects. A detailed literature search of PubMed was performed. ...
Lorente L - - 2011
In previous studies no differences were found in catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) between arterial and venous catheters. However, the distribution of each venous and arterial site could influence the results as in some studies a higher CRBSI incidence in venous and arterial femoral accesses has been found than in other ...
Zacharoulis Dimitris - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to present a radiofrequency (RF) endovascular occlusion device (ie, Habib VesCoag Catheter; EMcision Ltd, London, UK) and to evaluate safety and efficacy of the device for complete occlusion of normal porcine vessels. The study included 20 pigs. In each pig, a segmental branch of ...
Xing Wei - - 2011
Sixty-four-row multislice computed tomographic angiography (CTA) has great potential for use in vascular studies. The aim of our study was to compare 64-slice CTA with three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) in the detection and characterization of intracranial aneurysms with special attention to smaller (<3-mm) aneurysms. In a prospective study, a total ...
Lykoudis Efstathios G - - 2011
: Certain studies have attempted to investigate the vascular anatomy of the integument of the lateral aspect of the lower leg. However, many issues remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate in detail the distribution and characteristics of cutaneous perforators of the lateral aspect of the lower ...
Quinn Rachael W - - 2011
Because of cryopreserved heart valve-mediated immune responses, decellularized allograft valves are an attractive option in children and young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the performance and morphologic features of decellularized pulmonary valves implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract of juvenile sheep. Right ventricular outflow tract ...
Gacević Milomir - - 2011
Soft tissue defects in the distal third of the lower leg are persistent and constitute a major problem in the reconstructive surgery. This study presents an analysis of the anatomical vascularization filed of ascending branch of the peroneal artery ramus perforans (PARS). The aim of this study was to assess ...
- - 2011
Abstract Our goal was to gain a better understanding of the femoral vessel anatomy as it relates to central venous cannulation. The primary objective of this study was to use bedside ultrasonography to determine the amount of exposed femoral vein at three sites corresponding to surface anatomy of the landmark-based ...
Shahzad Rafia - - 2011
Objective: To compare magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IA-DSA) in detection and characterization of intracranial aneurysms. Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, from January to June 2007. Methodology: Thirty patients presented with aneurysmal subarachnoid ...
Schoettler Jan - - 2011
Saphenous vein graft patency is frequently limited by degeneration. Experimental studies have indicated that rigid external support of venous grafts by a flexible, tubular nitinol mesh may improve graft patency. The study presented was part of a prospective, randomized, multicenter first-in-man trial investigating the safety and effectiveness of nitinol-supported venous ...
Dasari Tarun - - 2011
Peripheral vascular disease is highly prevalent post heart transplantation (HTx). The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) post HTx ranges from 1.1-10%. We performed a Pub Med, EMBASE and Cochrane review search to identify articles on AAA post HTx. Data gathered from published data included: risk factors, progression of the ...
Inaba Yoichi - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We conducted the meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic accuracies of carotid plaque and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode ultrasonography for the prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD) events. METHODS: Two reviewers independently searched electronic databases to identify relevant studies through April 2011. Both population-based longitudinal studies with ...
Staalsø Jonatan Myrup - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The intron 16 insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with rupture of intracranial aneurysms, but the effect of haplotypes within ACE has not been studied. This study investigated whether ACE haplotypes including the I/D polymorphism are associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: The ...
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