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Results 351 - 400 of 2114
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van den Oord Stijn C H - - 2012
AIMS: The sensitivity of standard carotid ultrasound and colour Doppler for the detection of subclinical atherosclerotic plaques is suboptimal. The aim of this study is to assess whether contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) added to standard carotid ultrasound improves the detection of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurement, ...
Alwi Mazeni M Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2013
To determine the feasibility and safety of the Conquest Pro wire as an alternative to radiofrequency wire for perforation of atretic pulmonary valve and subsequent balloon dilatation and patent ductus arteriosus stenting in patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Radiofrequency valvotomy and balloon dilatation has become the standard ...
Grünig Ekkehard - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a group of distinct disorders that includes idiopathic PAH (IPAH), familial PAH and PAH associated with other conditions (APAH) such as connective tissue disease (CTD-APAH) or congenital heart disease. PAH is characterized by increased pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance. If left untreated, PAH ...
Quintero Ruben A - - 2012
Abstract We hereby report the performance of fetal bronchoscopy in a case of extralobar pulmonary sequestration which resulted in expansion of the normal lung parenchyma, avoidance of pulmonary hypoplasia and postnatal survival.
Kim Yun Jeung YJ Yun Jeung Kim, Pyung Gohn Goh, Hee Seok Moon, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Seok Lee, Heon Young Lee, Division of Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Nam National University Hospital, 640 Daesa-Dong, Jung-Gu, Daejeon 301-721, South - - 2012
Pulmonary tuberculosis is an opportunistic infection that can be reactivated in immunocompromised conditions, for example, in malignancy or after liver transplantation. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high mortality rate because it is frequently diagnosed at an advanced stage. Although surgical resection is the established curative measure for HCC, it is ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2012
Arterial thrombosis is the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, whereas venous thrombosis is the most common preventable cause of hospital death. In either case, venous and arterial thrombosis should be considered autonomous entities, with only minor overlaps in terms of risk factors, predisposing conditions and pathogenesis. Besides the ...
Vasaiwala Samip - - 2012
As older patients comprise a greater proportion of the population, the incidence of multivessel and left main coronary artery disease is increasing. Given the improvements in percutaneous coronary intervention, more patients are suitable for this revascularization strategy. However, the optimal revascularization strategy remains a moving target. Numerous trials, extending from ...
Nakada Takeo - - 2012
We report two cases of left lung cancer in patients with variant right aortic arches. Preoperative heart examination ascertained that neither patient had congenital heart disease. Patient 1 exhibited a right aortic arch with mirror-image branching of the major arteries. The patient's clinical stage was T1aN0M0 stage IA. Patient 2 ...
Lu Shuyang - - 2012
We report a quite rare case of giant extracardiac unruptured aneurysm of the right coronary sinus of Valsalva with no clinical findings of Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. A 52-year-old Chinese male was diagnosed having an aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva and moderate aortic regurgitation, while Bentall operation ...
Ngow H A - - 2012
Bacillus cereus endocarditis is rare. It has been implicated in immunocompromised individuals, especially in intravenous drug users as well as in those with a cardiac prosthesis. The patient was a 31-year-old ex-intravenous drug addict with a past history of staphylococcal pulmonary valve endocarditis, who presented with symptoms of decompensated cardiac ...
Dinoto Ettore - - 2012
Brachial artery aneurysm (BAA) following long-standing arteriovenous fistula ligation after renal transplantation is uncommon. Herein, we describe the case of a 64-year-old man who developed a giant symptomatic BAA 21 years after ligation of the fistula. He was submitted to surgical excision of the aneurysm followed by interposition prosthetic graft.
Psarros Costas - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries, with an increasing prevalence due to an aging population. The pathology underpinning CVD is atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory state involving the arterial wall. Accumulation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) laden macrophages in the arterial wall and ...
Göcze Ivan - - 2012
The femoral vein approach is considered to be a quick and safe route for venous access. However, severe complications can occur with this access because of misplacement. Our report describes the malposition of a large-bore dialysis catheter into the left ascending lumbar vein, which led to less effective hemodiafiltration. Clinicians ...
Palmer Sonny - - 2012
Assessment of the left ventricular pressure measured across an aortic valve prosthesis is occasionally necessary when noninvasive imaging and Doppler echocardiographic data are inconclusive or differ from the clinical findings for specific scenarios, such as diagnosing constrictive or restrictive physiology. We present a case in which we safely and effectively ...
Abud Daniel Giansante - - 2012
Since the introduction of Onyx as a liquid embolic agent for the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM), higher endovascular cure rates have been achieved. This may be partially attributed to its non-adhesive property, which allows longer intranidal progression of the embolic agent before solidification. However, Onyx reflux around the ...
Dworakowski Rafal - - 2012
Although surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) remains the gold standard treatment for severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis in a low-risk population, the role of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has increased significantly in the past decade and has entered the 'clinical mainstream' for the treatment of high-risk, inoperable patients. The transcatheter ...
Yuan Zhu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular aneurysms are rare, with only 49 cases have been reported to date in the literature. Treatment of these aneurysms is difficult because of their deep location, small size, and specific angioarchitecture. METHODS: We report four patients with intraventricular aneurysms. In the third patient, the aneurysm self-occluded during procedure ...
den Exter Paul L - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With improvements in the quality of computed tomography (CT) examinations, pulmonary embolism is increasingly being detected incidentally in oncology patients undergoing routine cancer staging CT scans. The purpose of this review is to update current evidence on the prognosis of cancer patients diagnosed with incidental pulmonary embolism. ...
Kessler I - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Carotid angioplasty with stenting (CAS) in patients with carotid stenosis (CS) has become more restricted in France especially since the disclosure of such studies as EVA-3S and Stent-supported percutaneous angioplasty of the carotid artery versus endarterectomy (SPACE). This report is of a series of CS cases contraindicated for endarterectomy ...
Allan Bassan J - - 2012
The Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) graft (Hemosphere Inc, Eden Prairie, Minn) offers a new option to provide upper extremity arteriovenous (AV) dialysis access in patients with central venous occlusive disease. Creative use of this device can allow for salvage of failing or threatened AV fistulas and grafts. We present two ...
Kim Hyeong Kug - - 2012
Coronary artery anomalies in patients undergoing coronary angiography are often technically challenging for invasive cardiologists and may delay revascularization time. We report a patient who underwent successful bailout revascularization using dual-source computed tomography after failed emergency angiography. This case emphasizes the utility of dual-source computed tomography, especially in an urgent ...
Doessegger Lucette - - 2012
Visible particulates (VP) are one subclass of defects seen during the final visual inspection of parenteral products and are currently one of the top ten reasons for recalls 1,2. The risk posed by particles is still unclear with limited experience reported in humans but remains an important consideration during the ...
Husain S Adil - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is associated with high rates of mortality and need for reintervention. The purpose of this study was to identify variables associated with surgical mortality and, in particular, to define predictors of recurrent pulmonary venous obstruction. METHODS: All patients who underwent ...
Madani Michael M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a known sequela of acute pulmonary embolic disease and yet remains underdiagnosed. Although nonsurgical options for patients with CTEPH have become increasingly available, including pulmonary artery hypertensive medical therapy, surgical endarterectomy provides the most appropriate intervention as a potential cure for this debilitating ...
Radman Monique R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) arises from a developmental disorder of the pulmonary mesenchyme and presents clinically with reversible neonatal respiratory distress and/or persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). OBJECTIVE: We report two cases of PIG in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and evidence of PPHN. RESULTS: Both ...
Kruger Deirdre - - 2012
Diabetes is a significant major risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and critical limb ischaemia (CLI), the latter which is also the most common cause of amputation in these patients. Revascularisation of the lower extremities of such patients is imperative for limb salvage and has become First-line therapy. However, ...
Fernández Angel L - - 2012
Myxomatous tumours can arise from different cardiac structures. They have a special predilection for the left atrium and are an exceedingly uncommon finding in cardiac valves. We report the case of a 28-year old man who presented with a stroke and was found to have a mass arising from his ...
Ishikawa Yoshinori - - 2012
A number of variations in the pulmonary arteries and veins have been documented, and the information is very important for performing a safe lung resection. This report describes a case of an anomalous segmental vein of the left upper lobe of the lung. The patient was a 75-year old male ...
Vetter Thomas R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The perioperative management of patients with a coronary artery stent is a major patient safety issue currently confronting clinicians. Surgery on a patient on antiplatelet therapy creates the following dilemma: is it better to withdraw the drugs and reduce the hemorrhagic risk or to maintain them and reduce the ...
Hassan Ameer E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients with spontaneous cervico-cranial arterial dissection treated with stent placement. OBJECTIVE: To report the immediate and long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients who received stent placement for spontaneous cervico-cranial arterial dissection. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and angiographic ...
Olin Jeffrey W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), a non-inflammatory disease of medium sized arteries, may lead to stenosis, occlusion, dissection and/or aneurysm. There has been little progress in understanding the epidemiology, pathogenesis and outcomes since its first description in 1938. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical features, presenting symptoms, and vascular events are reviewed for ...
Ploeg M - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: In horses, aortic sinus of Valsalva aneurysms or tears in the aortic root are well-recognised conditions in breeding stallions, often leading to sudden death. A more uncommon form of aortic rupture, located proximal to the ligamentum arteriosum has been reported in 3 Friesian horses. Objectives: The ...
Penaloza Andrea - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary embolism remains one of the leading causes of cardiovascular mortality. The wide range of reported mortality rates reflects heterogeneity in comorbidity and severity of pulmonary embolism. Optimizing risk stratification to prognose pulmonary embolism patients appears to be important to improve management, treatment and clinical outcome. RECENT ...
Frantz S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is used to diagnose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Impulse oscillometry system (IOS) allows determination of respiratory impedance indices, which might be of potential value in early COPD, although previous experience is limited. We examined pulmonary resistance and reactance measured by IOS in subjects with or without ...
Kim Young-Hoon - - 2012
A number of different ablation strategies for persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) have been used, including pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), targeting of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs), multilinear lesions and various combinations and modifications of these lesion sets. The optimal ablation strategy for longstanding PeAF (LPeAF) is not yet established and ...
Momjian-Mayor I - - 2012
Carotid stenoses of ≥50% account for about 15-20% of strokes. Their degree may be moderate (50-69%) or severe (70-99%). Current diagnostic methods include ultrasound, MR- or CT-angiography. Stenosis severity, irregular plaque surface, and presence of microembolic signals detected by transcranial Doppler predict the early recurrence risk, which may be as ...
Nunes Hilario - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension is a challenging complication of sarcoidosis, which reported rates of prevalence largely depend on the advancement of pulmonary disease. About 6% of unselected sarcoidosis patients suffer from PH. Although destruction of the distal capillary bed and resultant hypoxemia are important, the mechanisms of sarcoidosis-PH are multifactorial, including specific ...
Willson Alexander B - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility and procedural outcomes with a new self-expanding and repositionable transcatheter heart valve. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a viable option for selected patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. However, suboptimal prosthesis positioning may contribute to paravalvular regurgitation, atrioventricular ...
Mohamed Mydin Muhammad I - - 2012
We present a 62-year old male who underwent right single-lung transplantation. An autologous pericardial rim was constructed at implantation, as there was insufficient donor atrial cuff. The patient was discharged home but deteriorated over 12 months resulting in oxygen dependency. Computed tomography scan showed stenosis of the right inferior pulmonary ...
Quartermain Michael D - - 2012
Objective: Identify prenatal echocardiographic markers to predict the need for neonatal intervention in fetuses with right ventricular outflow obstruction (RVOTO). Background: RVOTO in the fetus can lead to profound cyanosis after birth. Prenatal echocardiographic markers to determine need for neonatal intervention are lacking. Methods: Echocardiograms were evaluated for fetuses with ...
Morisaki Akimasa - - 2012
A 45-year-old woman with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and systemic lupus erythematosus was admitted because of severe dyspnea. She had undergone mitral valve replacement (MVR) using a Mosaic bioprosthesis for infective endocarditis 9 years previously. She developed congestive heart failure secondary to mitral bioprosthetic valve stenosis resulting from relatively early structural ...
Sofue Keitaro - - 2012
A71-year-old man with advanced lung cancer developed a life-threatening cerebral edema caused by the acute occlusion of a superior vena cava (SVC) stent and was successfully treated by an additional stent placement. Although stent occlusion is a common early complication, no life-threatening situations have been reported until now. Our experience ...
Xu Leilei - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVES:: To investigate factors correlated with pulmonary function of AIS patients, and to determine the influence of BMI on the pulmonary function. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Impaired pulmonary function has been reported in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The reported factors affecting pulmonary function ...
Hasokawa Minoru - - 2012
Background: Despite the establishment of guidelines for the secondary prevention of coronary artery diseases, many patients still develop restenosis after stent implantation. Therefore, novel and noninvasive serum biomarkers that can identify restenosis-prone conditions are necessary to improve the follow-up and treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. Of late, considerable ...
Carvalho Maria Salomé - - 2012
Anomalous origin of coronary arteries represents a clinical challenge not only because of the anatomical variability, but also the possible functional consequences, pathophysiological mechanisms involved and the absence of large series in the literature that would provide evidence for clinical and therapeutic orientation. The authors describe the case of a ...
Shah Benoy Nalin - - 2012
Chest pain is one of the most frequent reasons for presentation to the Emergency Department. The possible causes of chest pain are numerous and diverse, but importantly, several conditions, such as acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary embolism and aortic dissection, require urgent management and, in some cases, may be life-threatening. In ...
Uspenskiy Vladimir - - 2012
Ascending aortic false aneurysm is a rare but serious complication of pericardial mesothelioma. We report a case of ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm due to spindle cell pericardial mesothelioma. In this case, the first symptoms of the disease appeared 18 months before surgery. The final diagnosis was determined only when severe late ...
Morimoto Yoshihisa - - 2012
Aortic pseudoaneurysm is a rare, life-threatening complication after cardiac or aortic surgery. In this article, we report reoperation on an 86-year-old man undergoing total arch replacement and omentoplasty for an infectious aortic aneurysm, 5 years previously. He was transferred to our hospital and fell into shock. Prompt drainage of the ...
Georgakarakos Efstratios - - 2012
The idea of early endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of "small" abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has gained attention over "watchful waiting," mostly due to the concern for losing the anatomic suitability for endovascular repair over time. Generally, small AAAs have longer, smaller, less angulated necks, and less tortuous iliac arteries than ...
Thiele Frank - - 2012
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited connective tissue disorder with skeletal dysplasia of varying severity, predominantly caused by mutations in the collagen I genes (COL1A1/COL1A2). Extraskeletal findings such as cardiac and pulmonary complications are generally considered to be significant secondary features. Aga2, a murine model for human OI, was systemically ...
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