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Oliver T Adam - - 2012
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) are the most common type of spinal arteriovenous malformations. Type 1 spinal arteriovenous malformations are defined by the presence of radiculomeningeal feeders that drain into intradural veins. Patients with these lesions frequently present with chronic myelopathy, which is most often caused by venous hypertension. The ...
Marmagkiolis Kostantinos - - 2012
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains one of the most widely performed surgical procedures in North America and aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts (SVG) are the most frequently used surgical conduits. Saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD) remains the leading cause of symptomatic coronary artery disease post-CABG. When optimal medical therapy ...
Yamane Fumitaka - - 2012
Background and Purpose Fresh thrombus formation at the coil-parent artery interface around the neck of aneurysms is sometimes observed during coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. We retrospectively analyzed the factors associated with local acute thrombus formation from the data of patients treated over a period of 5 years at our ...
Kumar A - - 2012
Objective: We report an interesting case of a right temporal pre-auricular arteriovenous fistula (cirsoid aneurysm) causing intractable tinnitus successfully managed by transarterial n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue embolisation. Case report: A 52-year-old female presented with a one-year history of tinnitus and pulsatile swelling in the right pre-auricular region. A colour Doppler ultrasound ...
Oishi Hidenori - - 2012
BackgroundInternal carotid artery (ICA) bifurcation aneurysms are uncommon. Therefore, there have been only a few endovascular series on ICA bifurcation aneurysms published to date. The purpose of this study is to report the safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy for ICA bifurcation aneurysms.MethodsThere were 25 ICA bifurcation aneurysms (unruptured n=23, ...
Kefer Joelle - - 2012
A 74-year-old woman was treated by balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty for a symptomatic restenosis 30 years after surgical commissurotomy. The valve dilatation was complicated by a rupture of the right ventricular outflow tract, treated in emergency by a covered stent implantation. The hemodynamic situation was improved, but the free pulmonary regurgitation ...
Nair Satheesh Balakrishnan - - 2012
Ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) has become a valuable tool for detecting and monitoring progression of atherosclerosis and recently published recommendations provide guidance for proper standardisation of these measurements. Important determinants of carotid IMT include age, gender, systolic blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and serum cholesterol levels. Many studies ...
Zhang Junlan - - 2012
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a serious vascular complication of liver disease that occurs in 5-32% of patients with cirrhosis. The presence of HPS markedly increases mortality. No effective medical therapies are currently available and liver transplantation is the only established treatment option for HPS. The definition and diagnosis of HPS ...
Brichon Pierre-Yves - - 2012
A 41-year-old woman had a jeopardizing air leak from an alveolar-pleural and transdiaphragmatic fistula with pulmonary cavitation, secondary to a severe postoperative abdominal sepsis. Her condition dramatically improved by introduction, in the lower bronchus, of a one-way endobronchial valve, leading to immediate cessation of air leakage and removal of extracorporeal ...
Moriyama Kiyoshi - - 2012
The perioperative management of pulmonary hypertension in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome, the most advanced form of associated pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), who required a sigmoidectomy is presented. The treatment for pulmonary hypertension was switched from oral sildenafil to intravenous epoprostenol to avoid the unexpected discontinuation of vasodilation during the ...
Ferrer Puchol M D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of obstetric hemorrhage that have called for selective intra-arterial embolization and the different embolization techniques used. To assess the clinical outcomes and postprocedural fertility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 27 women with obstetric hemorrhage. In 24 patients, embolization was performed by catheterizing both uterine arteries and ...
Thourani Vinod H - - 2012
Patients who present with significant paravalvular regurgitation after mitral valve replacement remain a difficult patient population and high-risk surgical candidates. We present 3 cases of transapical closure of mitral valve paravalvular leak (PVL) after mitral valve replacement using Amplatzer closure devices (AGA Medical Corp, Plymouth, MN). All 3 patients experienced ...
Dandale Rajesh - - 2012
Transfemoral aortic valve implantation has recently emerged as a therapeutic option for patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis for whom standard surgical aortic valve surgery is not suitable. Aortic valvuloplasty and valve positioning is normally performed under fluoroscopy and requires several injections of contrast medium. In critically ill patients with ...
Canaud Ludovic - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and midterm results following endovascular repair of dissecting aortic arch aneurysm after surgical treatment of acute type A dissection. Between 2003 and 2010, six consecutive patients previously operated for acute type A dissection underwent endovascular repair of dissecting aortic arch ...
Lee Aram J - - 2012
Effective treatment of unresectable hepatic neoplasms depends on the appropriate identification of tumor arterial supply. Because hepatic tumors derive more than 90% of their blood supply from the hepatic arteries, awareness of common hepatic arterial anatomic variants (eg, replaced or accessory left or right hepatic artery), as well as parasitized ...
Sawaya Fadi - - 2012
Aortic stenosis, the most common valvular disease in the Western world, affects mainly people over age 60. It is characterized by years to decades of slow progression followed by rapid clinical deterioration and a high death rate once symptoms develop. Drug therapy for it remains ineffective, and surgical aortic valve ...
Yarmus Lonny - - 2012
Airway stenting for complex airway disease is a common procedure performed by interventional pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons. Malignant central airway obstruction with carinal involvement and tracheobronchomalacia are 2 of the more common indications for the placement of a specially designed stent known as a Y stent. We describe the first ...
Siani Andrea - - 2012
Venous hypertension and outflow stenosis of arteriovenous hemodialysis access managed using endovascular procedures usually present a high technical success rate, with few complications. We reported a rare and fatal complication of superior vena cava perforation with pericardial tamponade 3 months after subclavian vein stenting. Interventional recanalization with stenting for the ...
Ramani Gautam V - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disabling, progressive disease. The past decade has seen an explosion in the available therapies for the management of PAH. Choosing appropriate pharmacotherapy can be a daunting task for the practitioner, as no head-to-head comparisons between drugs have been published. This article aims to assist ...
Moraca Robert J - - 2012
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by obstruction of pulmonary arterial vasculature by acute or recurrent thromboemboli with subsequent organization, leading to progressive pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. Until relatively recently, CTEPH was a diagnosis made primarily at autopsy, but advances made in diagnostic ...
Borioni Raoul - - 2012
To report surgical treatment of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) associated with spondylodiscitis due to Salmonella in emergency setting. A 69-year-old male with an history of hypertension, presented with a ruptured AAA infected by nontyphoidal Salmonella (type H), associated with spondylodiscitis. Patient underwent an emergency operation consisting in surgical ...
Ghassani Afif - - 2012
A mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery is usually a consequence of septic embolization and often a result of bacterial endocarditis. Conventional treatment is surgical and avoids the placement of foreign material in infected sites. Here we report our treatment of a 59-year-old man who presented with a rupture of ...
Puri Rishi - - 2012
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an evolving indication for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary arterial (UMLCA) stenoses in selected individuals. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI within the epicardial coronary tree has been shown to improve acute procedural results and subsequent clinical outcomes. Similarly, fractional flow reserve (FFR) is rapidly ...
Cavalcante João L - - 2012
Intraprocedural imaging continues to evolve in parallel with advances in percutaneous mitral valve interventions. This didactic review uses several illustrations and rich intraprocedural videos to further describe and demonstrate the role of the most up-to-date echocardiographic and advanced imaging technologies in the patient selection and intraprocedural guidance of percutaneous mitral ...
Frerker Christian - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is becoming a more and more important treatment for aortic valve stenosis in high-risk surgical patients. Furthermore, there currently is a discussion for the expansion of TAVI to intermediate-risk patients. In the past, surgical aortic valve replacement was the standard treatment, with excellent results in ...
Sule Augustine Z - - 2012
There is an increase in the incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) over the last six decades, probably as a result of higher longevity and lifestyle changes witnessed in the years following World War II. Though earlier studies mainly from Southern Africa suggest abdominal aortic aneurysms as uncommon amongst black ...
Agarwal Richa - - 2012
Despite the advances in diagnostic and treatment strategies, and contemporary survival estimates suggesting improved outcomes, the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains poor. To date, there is no consensus on which prognostic variables or risk prediction strategies best predict survival, at baseline and at different time points ...
Zayed Mohamed A - - 2012
Although challenging proximal necks have limited the utility of standard endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) devices, sophisticated endovascular techniques have evolved in recent years for the repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Among these techniques, snorkel or chimney EVAR (sn-EVAR) and fenestrated EVAR (f-EVAR) have emerged as options for repairing ...
Sillesen Henrik - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare carotid plaque burden, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and abdominal aortic diameter (AAD) to coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in people without known cardiovascular disease. The clinical utility of risk factors to predict cardiovascular events is limited. Detection of subclinical ...
Tavris Dale R - - 2012
Previous research found at least one vascular closure device (VCD) to be associated with excess vascular complications, compared to manual compression (MC) controls, following cardiac catheterization. Since that time, several more VCDs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This research evaluates the safety profiles of current ...
Bhagalia Roshni - - 2012
Purpose: X-ray computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the modality of choice to noninvasively monitor and diagnose heart disease with coronary artery health and stenosis detection being of particular interest. Reliable, clinically relevant coronary artery imaging mandates high spatiotemporal resolution. However, advances in intrinsic scanner spatial resolution (CT scanners are available ...
White Ann - - 2012
This article is a 2-part series about patients with aortic emergencies. Patients with acute aortic disease who present to the emergency department represent some of the highest acuity patients that emergency clinicians will ever encounter in acute care settings. Part 1 focuses on aortic aneurysms in the thorax or abdomen. ...
Pattanaik Debendra - - 2012
Aspirin is the most commonly used antiplatelet agent in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). It continues to play a key role as an antiplatelet agent given its long-term safety, efficacy and low cost. Aspirin or NSAID hypersensitivity is not an uncommon occurrence and can vary from generalized urticaria and ...
Hilberg Ole - - 2012
Pirfenidone has been shown in three recently published trials to slow down the progression of the devastating interstitial lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The precise mechanisms that initiate and perpetuate the histopathological process leading to lung fibrosis in IPF are still uncertain, but increased concentrations of reactive oxidative species ...
Papayannis Aristotelis C - - 2012
The GuideLiner catheter is an easy-to-use guide catheter extension that can facilitate vessel engagement and equipment delivery. We present two cases that illustrate two potential challenges associated with use of the GuideLiner catheter: (1) stent loss and deformation during attempts to advance it through the GuideLiner catheter collar; and (2) ...
Tonolini Massimo - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial embolization of polymethylmethacrylate cement, most usually occurring after vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty, is very uncommon following vertebral stabilization procedures. Unenhanced CT scans viewed at lung window settings allow confident identification of cement emboli in the pulmonary circulation along with possible associate parenchymal changes, whereas hyperdense emboli may be less ...
Kusaka Junya - - 2012
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is associated with fibroblast proliferation due to inflammatory changes in adipose/fibrous tissue. Given that aortic dilation in abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause compression of the ureter, abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated by retroperitoneal fibrosis is likely to result in urinary tract obstruction. Accordingly, close attention to changes in perioperative ...
Lee Joo Myung - - 2012
There have been a growing numbers of patients diagnosed with malignancy and coronary artery disease simultaneously or serially. In the era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis has been a rare but challenging problem. Recently, we experienced two unique cases of acute stent thrombosis in patients with malignancy. The ...
Chawla Rakesh K - - 2012
Hemoptysis is defined as the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage. There is a large chunk of patients with hemoptysis who do not respond to conservative treatment including use of cough suppressants, antibiotics, vitamin C, hemostatics, and anxiolytics. ...
Hsieh Cheng-Hsing - - 2012
Recent studies substantiate a model of the tunica albuginea of the corpora cavernosa as a bi-layered structure with a 360° complete inner circular layer and a 300° incomplete outer longitudinal coat spanning from the bulbospongiosus and ischiocavernosus proximally and extending continuously into the distal ligament within the glans penis. The ...
Luis Fuentes Virginia - - 2012
Feline arterial thromboembolism (ATE) is a common but devastating complication of myocardial disease, often necessitating euthanasia. A combination of endothelial dysfunction and blood stasis in the left atrium leads to local platelet activation and thrombus formation. Embolisation of the thrombus results in severe ischaemia of the affected vascular bed. With ...
Cohen José E - - 2012
ObjectiveTandem occlusions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and a major intracranial artery respond poorly to intravenous thrombolytic therapy, and are usually managed by endovascular means. This study describes experience with stent-assisted endovascular ICA revascularization and stent-based thrombectomy.MethodsIn patients with tandem ICA-middle cerebral artery (MCA)/distal ICA occlusion, the carotid occlusion ...
Cools Blm - - 2012
Introduction: the management of small infants with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries can be very challenging. Methods: In 3 small infants (weight range 2200-3600 g, pulmonary trunk 2.0-3.2 mm), initial palliation consisted of sternotomy, transventricular puncture of the right ventricular outflow tract and atretic pulmonary ...
Luo Chao-Bao - - 2012
Endovascular detachable coil embolization has become an important method in the management of intracranial aneurysms. However, coil embolization alone may fail to treat some wide-neck aneurysms. Herein, we report our experience with and outcome of stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE) of intracranial aneurysms. Over a 5-year period, a total of 59 ...
Buz Semih - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is currently reserved for high or prohibitive surgical-risk patients with aortic valve stenosis. We report on successful TAVI in two Jehovah's witness patients. It offers a simple and effective treatment of severe aortic valve stenosis in high-risk patients who refuse the use of allogeneic blood ...
Gazzera C - - 2012
PURPOSE: This retrospective analysis was carried out to assess the feasibility and results of transjugular intrahepatic portal systemic shunt (TIPS) performed with ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous puncture of the hepatic veins. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a period of 3 years, 153 patients were treated with TIPS at our centre. In eight ...
Volpicelli G - - 2012
Chronic heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome often characterised by recurrent episodes of acute decompensation. This is acknowledged as a major public health problem, leading to a steadily increasing number of hospitalisations in developed countries. In decompensated heart failure, the redistribution of fluids into the pulmonary vascular bed leads ...
Freeman Melanie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the feasibility of transfemoral Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) with the 29mm Edwards SAPIEN XT Valve and Novaflex +™ delivery system through a 20F expandable sheath (eSheath™, Edwards Lifesciences Inc., USA). Additionally, to describe the use of the Novaflex + delivery system and expandable sheath. BACKGROUND: TAVR ...
Di Domenico Stefano - - 2012
After extended right hepatectomy remnant liver can be affected by outflow obstruction due to torsion of the inferior vena cava or kinking of the left hepatic vein. Remnant liver fixation is therefore suggested to avoid postoperative acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. Despite remnant liver reposition during surgery, a 76-years-old woman developed complete ...
Mühlenbruch Georg - - 2012
PURPOSE: Ruptured cerebral arterial aneurysms require prompt treatment by either surgical clipping or endovascular coiling. Training for these sophisticated endovascular procedures is essential and ideally performed in animals before their use in humans. Simulators and established animal models have shown drawbacks with respect to degree of reality, size of the ...
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