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Results 351 - 400 of 1470
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de Monyé Cécile - - 2007
The purpose of this article is to describe two cases in which fibromuscular dysplasia of the internal carotid artery was diagnosed with CT angiography. CT angiography can depict the characteristic findings of fibromuscular dysplasia. If patients with cerebrovascular symptoms undergo screening with CT angiography of the supraaortic vessels, more cases ...
Choi C G - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The spatial resolution of 3D time-of-flight MR angiography (TOF-MRA) can be improved within a reasonable examination time by combining 3T and sensitivity encoding technique. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of high-resolution 3D TOF-MRA at 3T in patients with suspected atherosclerotic steno-occlusive disease of the intracranial arteries. MATERIALS ...
Ishihara Hideyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Three dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) is a powerful method for depicting intracranial vascular lesions because of its 3D imaging capability. The purpose of this study was to analyse if 3DRA had reduced the incidence of angiogram-negative subarchnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and which type of aneurysm tended to be overlooked with ...
Johnson Thorsten R C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Electrocardiogram-gated computed tomographic angiography is increasingly used in the differential diagnosis of acute chest pain. We studied the optimal timing of contrast material injection using a test bolus and a bolus-tracking technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were prospectively included in the study. Volume and flow of high concentration ...
Stirling Michael J - - 2007
The traditional approach to revascularization in aortoiliac disease is surgical. Endovascular treatment techniques for revascularization have emerged in recent years and have resulted in less invasive options for management of vascular disease. In this article, we describe a novel approach to endovascular stent graft reconstruction of a heavily calcified infrarenal ...
Kramer Harald - - 2007
Although often asymptomatic, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with significant morbidity in a large proportion of patients. Atherosclerosis is the underlying pathology in many instances, involving the whole arterial tree. Whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) permits rapid, non-invasive and accurate evaluation of the entire vascular system and can be ...
Berthelot Jean-Marie - - 2007
We report on a case of left buttock claudication, occurring consistently after 150 meters walking, and disappearing after a short rest. As magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) did not show any explanation for this claudication, a selective angiography of left internal iliac artery was requested, which clearly identified a tight stenosis ...
Nijenhuis Robbert J - - 2007
Preoperative localization of the Adamkiewicz artery and its segmental supplier in advance of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair is proposed to be useful to prevent postoperative paraplegia. The diagnostic potential of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) was evaluated for the preoperative ...
Khan S - - 2007
Posterior circulation stroke accounts for 20% of ischaemic strokes. Recent data suggest that the early stroke recurrence risk is high and comparable with carotid artery disease. Vertebral artery stenosis accounts for approximately 20% of posterior circulation stroke, and with endovascular treatment available accurate diagnostic imaging is important. We performed a ...
Halon D A - - 2007
Computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA) has rapidly evolved to a level where it can be used not only for the diagnosis or exclusion of coronary artery disease, but also to a stage at which the value of CTA derived images in the catheterization laboratory during invasive procedures is under examination. ...
Villablanca J Pablo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: MDCT angiography can serve as an alternative to digital subtraction catheter angiography for the study of large and medium-sized arteries. Our goal was to achieve a better understanding of the capabilities and limitations of both MDCT angiography and digital subtraction angiography in the evaluation of intracranial arteries with an ...
Culp Benjamin C - - 2007
Development of new therapies for stroke requires animal models with well-defined intracranial vasculature. The rabbit as a small animal model has many desirable traits; however, a modern atlas of rabbit angiographic anatomy is not readily available. Improved digital subtraction magnification angiography and superselective small-catheter techniques now allow excellent anatomical definition. ...
Salanitri G C - - 2007
The case report of a 46-year-old woman diagnosed with complete aortic coarctation and multiple intercostal artery aneurysms using 'ultrafast time-resolved' multiphase contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography and conventional single-phase, high-resolution breath-hold contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiogram techniques is presented. A review of intercoastal artery aneurysms occurring in conjunction with aortic coarctation and ...
Bucek Robert A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of automated analysis software for use with multidetector computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in the exact grading of internal carotid artery stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective pilot trial was performed using CTA datasets from 87 stenotic carotid arteries in 46 consecutive patients (34 men; median ...
Nonent M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare iodixanol-enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA), perioperative angiography, or surgical findings in the evaluation of the abdominal aorta and its main branches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 173 patients with known or suspected aortic aneurysms or stenosis/occlusion of the abdominal aorta or its major ...
Mell Matthew - - 2007
The diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the infrapopliteal arterial segment is not well defined. This study evaluated the clinical utility and diagnostic accuracy of time-resolved imaging of contrast kinetics (TRICKS) MRA compared with digital subtraction contrast angiography (DSA) in planning for percutaneous interventions of popliteal and infrapopliteal ...
Hashiguchi Akihito - - 2007
We report a patient with recurrent glioblastoma, in whom serial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) demonstrated gradual enlargement of an artery feeding the tumor and the development of an intratumoral aneurysm that led to intratumoral hemorrhage. The literature contains no previous reports that clinically document intratumoral aneurysms arising from these vessels. ...
Hacker M - - 2007
AIM: In patients with stable angina pectoris both morphological and functional information about the coronary artery tree should be present before revascularization therapy is performed. High accuracy was shown for spiral computed tomography (MDCT) angiography acquired with a 64-slice CT scanner compared to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in detecting "obstructive" ...
Frydrychowicz Alex - - 2007
PURPOSE: In light of the increasing use and acceptance of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography it was the purpose of this study to compare reconstruction intervals used in a routine ECG-pulsed MSCT coronary artery angiography setting with frequency controlled patients. METHODS: Examinations were performed on a Siemens Somatom Sensation ...
Silvennoinen H M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare multisection CT angiography (CTA) analyzed with source/maximum intensity projection (MIP) images as well as semiautomated vessel analysis software with intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in detection and grading of carotid artery bifurcation stenosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with sonography evidence of a marked internal carotid artery ...
Körperich Hermann - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic benefit of time-resolved CENTRA-keyhole contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance angiography (CE-CMRA) for improving arterial-venous separation of pulmonary vessels. METHODS: Twenty-three patients (18 males; age = 58 +/- 11y) after radiofrequency pulmonary vein isolation to treat atrial fibrillation were examined using CENTRA-keyhole based multi-phase 3D CE-CMRA yielding ...
Yoon D Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to compare multidetector row CT angiography (MDCTA) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the detection and characterization of intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our blinded prospective study, 85 patients with suspected intracranial aneurysm (47 women, 38 men; age range, 19-83 ...
Rountas C - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Color Doppler US, CT Angiography (CTA), and GD-enhanced MR Angiography (MRA) compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the detection of renal artery stenosis in patients with clinically suspected renovascular hypertension. Fifty-eight patients with suspected renovascular hypertension were ...
Tokuda Osamu - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation of the lumbar artery status with the diffusion values in lumbar vertebral disks in patients with low back problems using a fresh blood imaging (FBI) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, both digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and MR angiography (MRA) was performed, and the weighted kappa ...
Wang Chunliang - - 2007
We propose a new segmentation algorithm based on competing fuzzy connectedness theory, which is then used for visualizing coronary arteries in 3D CT angiography (CTA) images. The major difference compared to other fuzzy connectedness algorithms is that an additional data structure, the connectedness tree, is constructed at the same time ...
Nojiri Junichi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using multidetector-row CT angiography (CTA) with intra-arterial contrast injection (IA-CTA) to depict the artery of Adamkiewicz (arteria radicularis magna, ARM). METHODS: We performed IA-CTA in 27 preoperative patients with aneurysm or dissection of the descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal ...
Hansen T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of the present study was to explore the feasibility of using whole-body magnetic resonance angiography to assess atherosclerosis in different vascular territories in a cohort of elderly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred six 70-year-old subjects (145 women, 161 men) recruited from a population-based cohort study (Prospective ...
Tatò Federico - - 2006
The graduation of femoropopliteal stenoses by either digital subtraction angiography (DSA) or duplex sonography remains challenging, particularly after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). More accurate assessment of stenosis might be achieved with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). We investigated the relationship between DSA, IVUS and duplex before and after 32 femoropopliteal PTAs. Over ...
Sun Zhonghua - - 2006
A systematic search of the PubMed and Medline databases of English literature was performed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of multislice computed tomographic (CT; MSCT) angiography in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Studies comparing MSCT angiography with DSA in peripheral vascular disease were included, and ...
Pavcec Zlatko - - 2006
The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of spiral computed tomographic angiograohy (SCTA) in the detection of intracranial aneurysms. Patients were included in this study on the ground of the SCTA, digital subtraction angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, neurosurgeons operative findings and autopsy reports. Scanning ...
Michael Maren - - 2006
Segmental arterial mediolysis is a rare noninflammatory vascular disease of the abdominal splanchnic arteries. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively describe the CT angiography (CTA) findings of this disease and the evolution of those findings over time in five patients. Comparison of CTA and digital subtraction angiography suggests ...
Lee Kyung-Yul - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recanalization rates after the intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) treatment have been poorly studied in acute stroke. METHODS: CT angiography was performed before IV rt-PA in all patients and digital subtraction angiography was undertaken for intra-arterial thrombolysis in cases of no improvement after rt-PA infusion. ...
Lin Jiang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: With the development of magnetic resonance (MR) technologies, whole-body 3D contrast-enhanced MR angiography (3D CE MRA) has become possible. The purpose of this study was to introduce and evaluate this technique in demonstration of various systemic arterial diseases. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients underwent whole-body 3D CE MRA using a 1.5T ...
Wang Li-Jen - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of arterial bleeding and its outcome after transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in patients with intractable hematospermia and concomitant hematuria. METHODS: In a 32-month period, 5 patients with hematospermia and concomitant hematuria who were unresponsive to medical treatment were enrolled in this study to undergo pelvic ...
Kim Tonsok - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify and compare the accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) angiography using multidetector-row helical CT (MDCT angiography) and gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography using three-dimensional Fourier transformation gradient-echo sequence (3D MR angiography) for preoperative evaluation of renal arteries in living renal donors. MATERIALS AND ...
Villablanca J Pablo - - 2006
PURPOSE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the image quality and visualization of the intracranial arteries using high spatial resolution contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) at 3 T and to perform intraindividual comparison with time-of-flight (TOF) MRA and multislice CT angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients (5 men, 7 women, ...
Grabherr Silke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to establish optimal perfusion conditions for high-resolution postmortem angiography that would permit dynamic visualization of the arterial and venous systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cadavers of two dogs and one cat were perfused with diesel oil through a peristaltic pump. The lipophilic contrast agent ...
Anzalone Nicoletta - - 2006
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) is one of the most practical diagnostic imaging modalities in the field of neurovascular imaging where risks associated with catheter angiography are high. Evaluation of the extracranial supraortic vessels, and in particular the carotid arteries, is the major field of application for MRA. Before the development ...
Kunz A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCD) is a diagnostic technique for evaluation of intracranial arteries in patients with acute stroke. Echo-enhancing contrast agents (EEAs) are necessary to visualize intracranial vessels in up to 30% of patients because of limited acoustic bone windows. In this study, we assessed the ...
Nael K - - 2006
The combination of 3T and parallel-acquisition techniques holds promise for improved performance of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA), in terms of speed, spatial resolution, and coverage. We present a comparison of 2 MRA techniques, including time-of-flight (TOF) and contrast-enhanced MRA, for detection and evaluation of intracranial aneurysms. Our results show that ...
Harada Kuniaki - - 2006
The signal-to-noise ratio obtained from arteries in three-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography is often too low to allow clinical diagnosis because the radiofrequency pulse decreases the magnetization of protons in the blood and suppresses the in-flow effect in the slab. The present study adjusted the position of ...
Schaefer Fritz K W - - 2007
PURPOSE: Prospective evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of single field-of-view contrast-enhanced MR Angiography (ceMRA) with 1.0M gadobutrol compared to intraarterial DSA in body arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an European multicenter study 179 patients underwent ceMRA and DSA. For each indication five prospectively defined vessel segments were evaluated by local investigators ...
Willoteaux Serge - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography by using digital subtraction angiography as the reference standard in patients with hypertension and renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, with waiver of informed consent. The results ...
Du Jiang - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the possibility of obtaining dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography (DCE-MRV) images of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) was performed on 20 patients using a time-resolved sequence that combined undersampled projection reconstruction (PR) in-plane and Cartesian slice encoding through-plane. The contrast ...
Wintermark Max - - 2006
In stenotic lesions of the extracranial carotid arteries, the presence of intraplaque hemorrhage or thrombosed ulceration is considered to pose an additional risk. Although contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a powerful means for looking at the vascular lumen, it provides little information on the vessel wall, particularly when mask ...
Kim Young Jin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to assess the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of whole heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with using 3D balanced turbo-field-echo (b-TFE) with SENSE and the half-Fourier acquisition technique for identifying stenoses of the coronary artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent both whole heart coronary MRA ...
Schoonman Guus G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a novel noninvasive method for studying middle meningeal artery (MMA) diameter changes in vivo in humans. Dilatation of the MMA has been implicated in the pathophysiology of migraine headache, but no direct evidence has been obtained in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diameter of the MMA (the ...
Estilaei Susan Klingaman - - 2006
Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) can be difficult to diagnose clinically. Recently, Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) has been used to assist in the diagnosis of arterial TOS. The purpose of this article is to survey the current literature to establish the evidence for or against the use of MRA in ...
Mühlenbruch Georg - - 2007
Cardiac multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) angiography has shown high levels of sensitivity and especially negative predictive value regarding the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was designed to determine the value of a 64-slice-MDCT scanner in comparison to invasive coronary angiography for the detection of CAD in a ...
Isoda Haruo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of high spatial resolution, selective arterial phase, 3D contrast-enhanced (CE) MR angiography with first pass bolus, software-trigger, elliptical centric view ordering in the detection of intracranial aneurysms. Our study included nine consecutive patients with ten intracranial aneurysms. 3D TOF MR ...
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