Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1472
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Villablanca J Pablo - - 2005
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to determine whether computerized tomography (CT) angiography could be used to identify and characterize aneurysms of the posterior circulation and guide optimal treatment selection, and how data obtained using this method compared with intraoperative findings. METHODS: Patients suspected of harboring brain aneurysms underwent ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Identification of peripheral vascular disease by angiography in patients undergoing coronary angiography may be considered as malpractice but sometimes seems to be justified under clear entry criteria. The present mata-analysis is aimed to analyze the appropriateness and results of screening angiography of subclavian or abdominal aorta performed at the ...
Eklöf H - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate 3D-Gd-magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in detecting hemodynamically significant renal artery stenosis (RAS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients evaluated for atherosclerotic RAS by MRA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were retrospectively included. Standard of reference for hemodynamically significant RAS was a transstenotic gradient of 15 mmHg. DSA visualized ...
Golay X - - 2005
Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) is a non-invasive method to quantitatively measure perfusion without the need of contrast material. Measurement of perfusion is derived from the subtraction of two consecutively acquired scans, with or without radio frequency labeling of the magnetization in the feeding arteries. So far, almost all ASL methods ...
Gjønnaess E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of contrast-enhanced (gadolinium) magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRA) and colour duplex ultrasound (CDU) of lower limb arteries. DESIGN: Prospective, single centre study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 58 patients with intermittent claudication (IC) were examined with CE-MRA and ...
Ouwendijk Rody - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to compare interobserver agreement for interpretations of contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography and MDCT angiography in patients with peripheral arterial disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Of 226 eligible patients, 69 were excluded. The remaining 157 consecutive patients were prospectively randomized to either MR angiography (n ...
Ko Sheung-Fat - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical feasibility of MDCT angiography for evaluating hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCT angiography of the complete vascular trees of 36 failing AVFs or AVF-related complications (20 native and 16 polytetrafluoroethylene graft AVFs) was reviewed. The numbers and ...
Bui Trung D - - 2005
Computed tomographic arteriography (CTA) has emerged as a promising technique for less invasive imaging of the lower extremity arteries. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between CTA and catheter arteriography (CA) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Twenty-five patients underwent both CTA and CA, and ...
Muhs Bart E - - 2005
Accurate patient selection based on preoperative imaging is imperative to good risk reduction in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (GE MRA) versus time-of-flight (TOF) MRA in the work-up of patients undergoing CEA. Patients undergoing CEA ...
Bhatti Aftab A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare the accuracy of multislice spiral computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in evaluating the renal vascular anatomy in potential living renal donors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-one donors underwent multislice spiral CTA and gadolinium-enhanced MRA. In addition to axial images, multiplanar reconstruction and maximum ...
Honish Colin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Carotid ultrasound (US) is a screening test for patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or stroke who then undergo Digital Subtraction Angiogram (DSA) or Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA). Gold standard DSA is invasive with inherent risks and costs. MRA is an evolving technology. This study compares reliability of MRA ...
Green Jordin D JD Siemens Medical Solutions, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2005
The accuracy of a two-step interventional MRI protocol to quantify coronary artery disease was compared to the clinical gold standard, X-ray angiography. Studies were conducted in nine swine with a surgically induced stenosis in the proximal left circumflex coronary artery. The two-step protocol consisted of catheter-directed magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), ...
Honda Masaru - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) image has been introduced to diagnose and follow-up moyamoya disease and visualized moyamoya vessels and internal carotid artery stenosis. This study was performed to assess the utility of MR angiography (MRA) for the evaluation of anastomotic channels through the external carotid artery (ECA) ...
Hänninen Enrique Lopez - - 2005
To assess the accuracy of multirow detector computed tomography (MDCT) for the evaluation of renal anatomy for preoperative donor assessment in living related kidney transplantation. MDCT-scans (4- and 16-slice-CT) of 51 consecutive living kidney donors (age, 51.6 +/- 9.7 years; range, 28-68 years) were analysed by three blinded observers and ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare contrast-enhanced gray-scale harmonic ultrasound with multiphasic spiral computed tomography in the assessment of treatment efficacy of non-surgically treated HCC. METHODS: We studied 56 HCCs treated by percutaneous ethanol injection (31 cases), radiofrequency ablation (three cases), trans-arterial chemoembolization (12 cases), and combined ...
Goyen Mathias - - 2006
High-resolution total-body 3D MR angiography (MRA) has recently become available, revealing additional clinically relevant disease in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). However, the actual impact of total-body MRA on patient management in patients with PAOD has not been investigated so far. Two hundred forty-nine consecutive patients with angiographically ...
de Monyé Cécile - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare different volumes of intravenously administered contrast material with and without a bolus chaser at 16-detector row computed tomographic (CT) angiography of the carotid arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent were obtained. Seventy-five consecutive patients (44 men, 31 women; mean age, 63 ...
Khan Muhammad A - - 2005
This study evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of the magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) evaluation of scimitar syndrome in early infancy in 4 subjects. MRA imaging was successful, with excellent imaging quality to evaluate the main and lobar pulmonary artery branches, lobar pulmonary veins, scimitar vein, and systemic-pulmonary collateral arteries in ...
Hori Yoshiro - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of two-phase CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) for patients with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients (in 48 studies) underwent two-phase CTPA. Fifteen sec after the injection of contrast material, an entire thorax scan was performed, and in the second phase the hilar ...
Sakamoto Shigeyuki - - 2005
We report two cases in which volume subtraction three-dimensional CT angiography (VS-3DCTA) was used for cerebral aneurysm and vascular stenosis with intramural calcification. Case 1: VS-3DCTA with volume rendering clearly showed carotid cave aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. The location and size of the aneurysm was confirmed by digital ...
Munari Marina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral blood flow tests have increasingly been advocated for the confirmation of brain death (BD). Four-vessel angiography has been considered the most reliable investigation in the diagnosis of BD for >30 yrs, but it is invasive. (99m)Tc-HMPAO SPECT provides noninvasive, multiplanar imaging of brain tissue perfusion. The aim of ...
Thomas B - - 2005
There are many high-resolution MR angiographic techniques available today for the evaluation of circle of Willis. We report a case of bilateral aneurysms of the carotico-ophthalmic segment, the left one being a giant aneurysm, in a 41-year-old woman. She underwent different MRA sequences on both 1 and 3Tesla magnets and ...
Gulati Gurpreet Singh - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is catheter angiography. However, catheter angiography is invasive and may not always be followed by interventional therapy. We report our results with the use of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) as a non-invasive diagnostic tool for CAD. METHODS: Thirty-one ...
Gupta Neeraj - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare balanced turbo field echo (bTFE) with multiple overlapping thin slice acquisition (MOTSA) and contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) in depicting carotid artery stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 86 patients with cerebrovascular disease, who had been referred for a carotid examination, were imaged. All of the patients ...
Kantarci Fatih - - 2005
Doppler ultrasonography is an easy accessible, safe and non-invasive diagnostic modality that may provide prompt and accurate diagnosis concerning an acute emergency of arterial origin. Although angiography is the gold standard in the evaluation of acute arterial pathologies, Doppler US may provide essential information regarding the acute arterial pathology. The ...
Sakuma Hajime - - 2005
This study had institutional review board approval, and all patients gave informed consent. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the use of whole-heart three-dimensional (3D) coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in patients suspected of having coronary artery disease. Whole-heart coronary MR angiography was performed in 39 patients ...
Ding Yong Hong - - 2005
Conventional intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA), which necessitates surgical exposure and ligation of the femoral artery, is an invasive and expensive method of evaluation for experimental elastase-induced aneurysms in rabbits. The purpose of this study was to examine and validate intra-venous digital subtraction angiography (IVDSA) as an alternative to IADSA ...
Prosst Ruediger L - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Pre-operative magnetic resonance tomography (MR) and MR-angiography (MRA) have rendered favorable results for the assessment of renal anatomy preceding living-related kidney transplantation. However, limited value of MRA in the detection of accessory renal vasculature is reported. METHODS: We compared the results of pre-operative contrast-medium-enhanced MRA of the last 30 ...
Unlu Ercument - - 2005
We evaluated contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) for the identification of recently ruptured cerebral aneurysms. We studied 23 aneurysms in 18 patients (age range 34-72 years) with aneurysms of the anterior (n = 17) and posterior (n = 6) circulation by comparing 3D time-of-flight (TOF), contrast-enhanced MRA and digital subtraction angiography ...
Willmann Jürgen K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare the accuracy of 16-detector row computed tomographic (CT) angiography with conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference standard in the assessment of aortoiliac and lower extremity arteries in patients with peripheral arterial disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional review board, ...
Pechlivanis I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: After subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) diagnostic evaluation of the underlying cause is warranted since the rebleeding rate is high. The objective of the study was to answer the question, whether 3-Dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CTA) is able to accurately determine the surgical indications in patients with intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: After ...
Ley Sebastian - - 2005
Differentiation between different forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is essential for correct disease management. The goal of this study was to elucidate the clinical impact of high spatial resolution MR angiography (SR-MRA) and time-resolved MRA (TR-MRA) to differentiate between patients with chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension ...
Schmitt R - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to include the pedal vasculature into the coverage of peripheral multistation magnetic resonance angiography (3DceMRA). A total of 216 patients suffering from peripheral vascular disease were examined with a modified hybrid dual-bolus technique. The cruropedal arteries were acquired first with two sagittal slabs and ...
Redfearn D P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Troponin I and T are sensitive markers of myocardial injury. The presence of elevated troponin often prompts further investigation with coronary angiography. METHODS: We present a series of patients presenting to our unit with raised troponin I and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) that prompted coronary angiography. RESULTS: All patients had ...
Aoyama Hidefumi - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the discrepancy between the arteriovenous malformations seen on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and on stereotactic digital subtracted angiography (DSA). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The target volume on stereotactic DSA (V(DSA)) and the target volume on MRA (V(MRA)) were separately delineated in 28 intracranial arteriovenous malformations. The coordinates of ...
Tack Denis - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare standard-dose and simulated low-dose multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study protocol and waived patient informed consent because the study was based on existing data. Raw data from 21 CT scans obtained at 90 mAs (effective) in ...
Ishigami Kousei - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and clinical role of gadolinium-enhanced 3D magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in patients with suspected hepatic arterial complications after liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive MRA studies were performed in 33 liver transplant recipients after transplantation. MRA image quality was assessed subjectively. Thirty-two MRA studies ...
Sheehy Niall P - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine retrospectively whether the anterior spinal artery (ASA) is visualized in the cervical region with contrast material-enhanced high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) angiography of the extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional research ethics committee approved this study and provided a waiver for informed consent. ...
Lai Ping-Hong - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multi-detector computed tomographic (MDCT) angiography is a recently developed imaging technique that can study small vessels such as medullary arteries and veins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate MDCT angiography in diagnosing SDAVF. METHODS: Eight patients with initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical findings ...
Ames Scott A - - 2005
Reports on the accuracy of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and magnetic resonance venography (MRV) in evaluating living donor renovasculature employ few patients or omit the consequences of inaccurate scans. We retrospectively compared intraoperative findings to MRA/MRV scans in 146 donor-recipient pairs. For detecting accessory arteries and early branching, MRA sensitivity ...
Schoellnast Helmut - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the influence of iodine flow concentration on attenuation and visualization of the pulmonary arteries in thoracic MDCT angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who were referred to our department with suspected acute pulmonary embolism underwent MDCT angiography of the pulmonary arteries either ...
Uysal Ender - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of spiral CT angiography (CTA) in detection of cerebral aneurysms in cases with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spiral CT angiography and DSA examinations were performed in 32 cases due to non-traumatic SAH. CTA data were obtained by maximum intensity projection (MIP) ...
Sommerville Ryan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Angiography is usually performed as the preoperative road map for those requiring revascularization for lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The alternative investigations are ultrasound, 3-D magnetic resonance angiography (3-D MRA) and computed tomography angiography. This pilot study aimed to assess whether 3-D MRA could replace the gold standard ...
Tipper G - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of 16-row multislice CT angiography (CTA) in evaluating intracranial aneurysms, by comparison with conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and intraoperative findings. METHODS: A consecutive series of 57 patients, scheduled for DSA for suspected intracranial aneurysm, was prospectively recruited to ...
Sato Mitsuo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to assess whether surgery could be performed in patients with cerebral aneurysms by using three-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography alone, without conventional catheter angiography. METHODS: A total of 108 patients who had undergone MR angiography and aneurysm surgery between January 1998 and January ...
Bash Suzie - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although digital subtraction angiography (DSA) provides excellent visualization of the intracranial vasculature, it has several limitations. Our purpose was to evaluate the ability of helical CT angiography (CTA) to help detect and quantify intracranial stenosis and occlusion compared with DSA and MR angiography (MRA). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients ...
Lell Michael - - 2005
The aim of this work was to compare the potential of computed tomography angiography (CTA) with that of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in vascular mapping of the external carotid artery (ECA) branches for planning of microvascular reconstructions of the mandible with osteomyocutaneous flaps. In 15 patients CTA and DSA were ...
Fellner Claudia - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare three different magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) techniques with x-ray angiography and endarterectomy specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent x-ray angiography, three-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) focusing on the carotid bifurcation, high-resolution (HR) contrast-enhanced (CE) MRA, and time-resolved CE MRA. Stenoses of internal carotid arteries were evaluated by three ...
Ose Keika - - 2005
Some patients cannot undergo coronary angiography (CAG) because of the adverse effects of contrast media. In the present study gadolinium, (gadodiamide hydrate: Gd DTPA-BMA) commonly used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), was used as the contrast agent for diagnostic CAG in 3 patients with severe allergy to iodine or iodinated ...
Valsangiacomo Büchel Emanuela R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Catheter-guided interventions are increasingly used for relief of lesions in patients with congenital heart disease. Exact anatomical imaging with measurement of the vascular structures is crucial in the planning of such interventions. This can be provided non-invasively and without radiation by contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA). AIM: To evaluate the ...
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