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Weir Gregory Ralph GR Gregory Ralph Weir, MBChB, MMed(Surg), Certificate in Vascular Surgery, IIWCC (ZA) • Medical Director • Vascular and Hyperbaric Unit, Life Eugene Marais Hospital • Pretoria, South Africa Hiske Smart, MA, RN, PG Dip(UK), IIWCC (Toronto) • Nurse Manager • Wound Care and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, King Hamad University Hospital • Muharraq Island, Kingdom of Bahrain• Jacobus van Marle, MBChB, MMEd(Surg) • Consultant Vascular Surgeon • Medical University of South Africa • Pretoria, South Africa Frans Johannes Cronje, MBChB(UP), BSc(Hons), MSc • Associate Medical Director • Baromedical Facility, Tygerberg Hospital • Western Provence, Cape Town, South - - 2014
To provide information regarding the clinical diagnosis, assessment, and investigations related to arterial disease ulcers of the lower extremity. This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. ...
Pieper Claus C CC Department of Radiology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the embolic properties, time to reperfusion, and histologic changes in temporary embolization of liver tissue with degradable starch microspheres (DSM) in a swine model. In four adult minipigs, DSMs were injected into the right or left hepatic artery on the lobar level until complete stasis ...
Lian Marianne - - 2014
BackgroundThe effect of intranasal oxygen and/or early reversal of xylazine with atipamezole on arterial oxygenation in free-ranging moose (Alces alces) immobilized with etorphine-acepromazine-xylazine with a cross-sectional clinical study on 33 adult moose was evaluated.Moose were darted from a helicopter with 3.37 mg etorphine, 15 mg acepromazine and 75 mg xylazine. Intranasal oxygen at ...
Deng Chaosheng - - 2014
Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) may occur in the region of the affected lung after reperfusion therapy. Inhaled NO may be useful in treating acute and chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) due to the biological effect property of NO. A PTE canine model was established through selectively embolizing blood clots to an ...
Lv P P From the Department of Radiology (P.L., J.L., H.L.), Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai, China; Department of Vascular Surgery (D.G., X.T.), Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and Institute of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai, China; Siemens Shenzhen Magnetic Resonance (C.F.), Shenzhen, China; and Department of Cardiology (J.H.), Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Dual-source CTA and black-blood MRA are recently developed techniques for evaluating carotid stenosis. The purpose of this study was to compare dual-source CTA with black-blood MRA and conventional TOF MRA in both detecting carotid stenosis by using DSA as a reference standard and demonstrating plaque morphology. Thirty patients with suspected ...
Schönholz Claudio C 1 Medical University of South Carolina, Heart & Vascular Center, Charleston, South Carolina, - - 2014
Purpose : To report the initial clinical experience with a new hybrid stent to prevent neurological events during carotid artery stenting. Case Report : A 77-year-old asymptomatic man presented with de novo high-grade stenosis (80%) of the right internal carotid artery (ICA) and occlusion of the contralateral ICA. He was ...
Yamada Takeshi T Department of Cardiology, Sakurakai Takahashi - - 2014
A 94-year-old woman underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for a total occlusion of the right coronary artery. A 6-Fr Ikari-left guiding catheter was inserted through the right radial artery. Initially, thrombectomy was performed with a conventional thrombus aspiration catheter. However, only small fragments of thrombus were aspirated and coronary blood ...
Novo-Matos José J Division of Cardiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Right-sided congestive heart failure (CHF) developed secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) in an 8-year-old cat with a left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Vascular reactivity was tested prior to shunt ligation by treatment with oxygen and sildenafil. This treatment was associated with a significant decrease in pulmonary artery pressure ...
Gassenmaier Tobias T Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Str. 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate in-stent lumen visibility of 27 modern and commonly used coronary stents (16 individual stent types, two stents at six different sizes each) utilising a third-generation dual-source CT system. Stents were implanted in a plastic tube filled with contrast. Examinations were performed parallel to the system's z-axis for all ...
Oztunc Funda F Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Prenatal diagnosis of a congenital coronary artery fistula between the left coronary artery and the right ventricle was established at 28 weeks of gestation. Hydrops fetalis developed during follow-up and the baby died on the first day after delivery. It is rare for coronary artery fistulas to become symptomatic during ...
Borghei-Razavi Hamid H Department of Neurosurgery, Clemens Hospital, Münster, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report a case of dural Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) supplied by the lateral sacral artery that is located in the sacral region and presented as isolated thoracic myelopathy. After S3 hemilaminectomy and opening the dura, the engorged arterialized vein has been interrupted. Postoperatively, the patient's symptoms and myelopathy gradually resolved. ...
Taskesen Tuncay T Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
Gerbode defect and sinus of Valsalva aneurysm fistula are congenital and acquired forms of intracardiac shunt. The increasing prevalence of invasive, recurrent cardiovascular procedures cause tissue damage and has led to more iatrogenic and acquired cases of predominantly congenital shunt over time. We report 2 cases of acquired intracardiac fistula ...
Cardinale Luciano L Luciano Cardinale, Adriano Massimiliano Priola, Federica Moretti, Institute of Radiology, University of Turin, AOU San Luigi Gonzaga, 10043 Orbassano, Torino, - - 2014
Hydrostatic pulmonary edema is as an abnormal increase in extravascular water secondary to elevated pressure in the pulmonary circulation, due to congestive heart failure or intravascular volume overload. Diagnosis of hydrostatic pulmonary edema is usually based on clinical signs associated to conventional radiography findings. Interpretation of radiologic signs of cardiogenic ...
van den Wijngaard Ido I Department of Radiology, Medical Center Haaglanden; The Hague, The Netherlands - Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center; Leiden, The Netherlands - - - 2014
Arterial ischaemic stroke is an important cause of morbidity in children. Timely diagnosis is necessary for acute stroke treatment but can be challenging in clinical practice. Due to a paucity of data there are no specific recommendations regarding the use of mechanical thrombectomy devices in current paediatric stroke guidelines. A ...
Otsuka Fumiyuki F From the CVPath Institute, Inc, Gaithersburg, MD (F.O., E.P., K.S., K.Y., E.L., F.D.K., R.V.); Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA (L.E.L.P., J.P.L., Q.W., M.K., J.W., R.J.P.); and American Preclinical Services, Minneapolis, MN - - 2014
The Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb) has shown promising clinical results; however, only limited preclinical data have been published. We sought to investigate detailed pathological responses to the Absorb versus XIENCE V (XV) in a porcine coronary model with duration of implant extending from 1 to 42 months. A ...
Elagwany A A Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
To describe the diagnosis and management of uterine artery pseudoaneurysm after caesarian section. Case report. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. A 25-year-old woman developed uterine artery pseudoaneurysm after caesarean section. Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm after caesarian section was diagnosed on ultrasonography, computerised tomographic angiography and treated by bilateral internal iliac artery ...
Shin Young-Soo YS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
An early diagnosis of popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm-a sequela of popliteal artery trauma-is difficult owing to its late presentation following total knee arthroplasty. The incidence of a popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm with a hematoma presenting only a peripheral nerve injury after total knee arthroplasty is also uncommon in the absence of common ...
Yousry Mohamed M Departments of Clinical Physiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, - - 2014
Aortic valve calcification (AVC) may predict poor outcome. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) leads to several haemodynamic changes accelerating the progress of aortic valve (AV) disease. To compare the diagnostic accuracy of transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the assessment of aortic valve phenotype and degree of AVC, with ...
Concannon E E Vascular Research Unit, Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Ultrasonography is increasingly used by clinicians to identify abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the accuracy of non-radiologist performed ultrasound (NRPUS) for AAA disease to the 'gold standard' of radiologist performed aortic imaging (RPI), intra-operative findings or postmortem findings. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS-V.4, ...
Qiang Guangliang G Department of Thoracic Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
We present the case of a 66-year-old female who had undergone pulmonary wedge resection for diagnosis and followed by a radical lobectomy for the treatment of the primary lung cancer. We performed a left upper lobectomy through Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS), we successfully adapted simultaneous stapling technique to division of ...
Sawicki Marcin M Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Pomeranian Medical University, Clinical Hospital No1, Unii Lubelskiej 1, Szczecin, 71252, Poland, - - 2014
The standardized diagnostic criteria for computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in diagnosis of brain death (BD) are not yet established. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity and interobserver agreement of the three previously used scales of CTA for the diagnosis of BD. Eighty-two clinically brain-dead patients underwent ...
Shimbo Mai M Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita, - - 2014
Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE) can provide unique visualization and better understanding of the relationship among cardiac structures. Here, we report the case of an 85-year-old woman with an obstructed mitral prosthetic valve diagnosed promptly by RT3D-TEE, which clearly showed a leaflet stuck in the closed position. The opening and ...
Toth Csaba C Institute of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, - - 2014
The failure of small-caliber vascular grafts still means a serious problem. Concerning the early postoperative complications we aimed to investigate the hemostaseological and hemorheological aspects of this issue in a canine model. In the Control group only anesthesia was induced. In the Grafted group under general anesthesia a 3.5-cm segment ...
Cikman O O Departments of General Surgery, Canakkale 18 Mart University Medical Faculty, - - 2014
Arterial blood pressure analysis is a frequently applied method in the diagnosis and follow-up of respiratory insufficiency and in the treatment of patients under risk. It is very important to take and analyze the blood gas sample properly. Therefore, a questionary study was performed which evaluated the knowledge and the ...
Ebben Harm P HP Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Physiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
The addition of local ultrasound (US) with a contrast agent to standard intra-arterial thrombolysis can accelerate the thrombolytic treatment of stroke and myocardial infarction. The contrast agent consists of microsized gas-filled bubbles that collapse when exposed to US, causing destabilization of the clot and making the clot surface more susceptible to ...
Tessitore Nicola N 1 Emodialisi Borgo Roma - Nephrology Section, Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Verona - - - 2014
Vascular access guidelines recommend routine screening for the timely detection of stenosis using noninvasive methods, including clinical assessment (monitoring) and device-based surveillance relying on access blood flow (Qa) and static intra-access pressure (sVPR, static venous pressure ratio) measurements and duplex ultrasound (DU). We reviewed the literature to see how monitoring ...
Lazarides Miltos K MK Department of Vascular Surgery, Democritus University, Alexandroupolis - - - 2014
In contrast to autogenous arteriovenous (AV) fistulae where true aneurysms are the most frequent type, aneurysms in prosthetic AV grafts are mostly false aneurysms and less frequently anastomotic ones. Indications for repair comprise false aneurysms exceeding twofold the graft diameter, those with rapid enlargement or with skin thinning or erosion, ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin B Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is associated with an important risk of postrepair pulmonary vein obstruction. Primary sutureless anastomosis at the time of initial surgical repair might mitigate that risk. A simplified primary sutureless technique is described in this report.
Chan J Wm JW Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Jordan, Hong - - 2014
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare disease with poor prognosis that has not been reported in Hong Kong. Its clinical and radiological presentation frequently mimics pulmonary embolism. Diagnosis is usually delayed until surgery, which is the treatment option that provides the best survival. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is an ...
Lien Ching-Feng CF Department of Otolaryngology, E-Da Hospital and I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Life-threatening hemorrhaging due to nasopharyngeal internal carotid artery (ICA) aberrancy may occur during routine nasopharyngeal surgery. To understand better the potential adverse effect of nasopharyngeal ICA aberrancy on routine nasopharyngeal surgery, we classified aberrant nasopharyngeal ICAs and analyzed the differences in mean distances from the ICA to nasopharyngeal subsites between ...
Ahmed Mustafa I MI Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Accurate echocardiographic evaluation of the pulmonary valve is technically difficult because of its close proximity to the left lung, which often limits decision making. Pulmonary valvotomy is the intervention of choice for symptomatic pulmonary valve stenosis, but fluoroscopy lacks appropriate real time anatomic detail. In this report, we present a ...
Benassi Filippo F Cardiac Surgery Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, - - 2014
Percutaneous cannulation allows a prompt approach for establishing veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in acute cardiopulmonary failure. Access to an artery or a vein can sometimes be difficult with severe complications also with percutaneous approach. To reduce morbidity, we describe our technique of a real-time ultrasound cannulation of the femoral vessels.
Hongo Norio N Departments of Radiology (N.H., H.K., R.S., N.K., S.T., H.M.) and Cardiovascular Surgery (S.M.), Oita University Faculty of Medicine, 1-1 Idaigaoka Hasama, Yufu, Oita, Japan 879-5593. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of transarterial sac embolization with a mixture of N-butyl cyanoacrylate and ethiodized oil (Lipiodol; Guerbet Japan, Tokyo, Japan) (NBCA-LPD) for type II endoleaks after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using a double coaxial microcatheter technique. A retrospective review was performed of 20 consecutive cases of ...
Kuuskne Martin - - 2014
Clinical questionCan an oral regimen of rivaroxaban be used for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism?Article chosenBüller H, Prins M, Lensing A, et al. Oral rivaroxaban for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism. N Engl J Med 2012;366:1287-97.ObjectiveTo determine the effectiveness and safety of oral rivaroxaban in the treatment of ...
Yin Jun J Department of Anesthesia of the Second People's Hospital of Wuhu, Anhui Province, - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to design a novel, modified, multifunctional, and safe laryngeal mask airway (LMA). We designed an LMA with an internal catheter extending beyond the tip of the cuff. The protruding end of the internal catheter was provided with a catheter cuff, the space between ...
Abe Shinichi S Department of Anatomy, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, - - 2014
The mediobasal segment (S7) of the right lung has been considered to correspond to the cardiac lobe generally seen in mammals. To investigate fetal development of the right mediobasal segmental bronchus (B7), we examined paraffin-embedded serial sections of 15 embrynic and fetal lungs at 7-8 weeks (serial sections) as well ...
Sirker Alexander - - 2014
An 87-year-old man undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis was noted to have bulky calcification of the noncoronary aortic cusp, extending into the corresponding sinus, on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). During balloon valvuloplasty, TEE demonstrated displacement of this calcium into the aortic wall, producing a distinctive pyramidal ...
Sikkema T T Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
The aim of this narrative review is to evaluate the pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of intracranial artery dissection (IAD). IAD is a rare and often unrecognized cause of stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), especially in young adults. Two types of IAD can be identified: a subintimal or ...
Nakashima Makoto M Division of Cardiology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, 1 Kanda-Izumi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8643, Japan, - - 2014
A blunt stump-type entry of chronic total occlusion (CTO) is one of the most difficult morphologic features to overcome in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which often requires the guidance of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to identify the entry point. However, real-time, IVUS-guided PCI usually requires an 8 Fr guiding catheter. In ...
Miyayama Shiro S Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, 7-1 Wadanaka-cho, Funabashi, Fukui, 918-8503, Japan, - - 2014
Gelatin sponge (GS) is one of the most widely used embolic agents in interventional procedures. There are four commercially available GS products in Japan; however, the endovascular use of Gelfoam and Spongel is off-label, and Gelpart can only be used for hepatic artery embolization and Serescue can only be used ...
Lee Timmy T 4 Cincinnati Veterans Administration Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH - - - 2014
<sec id="st1"><title>ABSTRACT</title> <bold><italic>Purpose:</italic></bold> Venous stenosis secondary to neointimal hyperplasia is a major etiology of early arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure. The natural history of AVF failure is likely influenced by progressive vascular insults to the vein prior to and after AVF creation. The main objectives of this study were to (<xref ...
Goksu Erkan E Department of Emergency Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, - - 2014
The case of late presentation of a pseudoaneurysm and an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the common femoral artery and vein secondary to penetrating trauma is reported. Traumatic AVF and pseudoaneurysm may be present within a variety of clinical conditions, which sometimes makes it difficult to detect them clinically. Undiagnosed AVF ...
Headley Selwyn Arlington SA Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445 km 380, Campus Universitário, PO Box 10.011, 860571-970, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, - - 2014
The cause of the death of a 16-month-old Brasileiro-de-Hipismo filly and a 3-year-old male Paint Horse with clinical manifestations of anemia and apathy from southern Brazil was investigated. These horses were maintained at the same stable; received hay as part of their diet and were submitted for routine necropsy evaluations. ...
Chiu Wei-Hsiu - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of prenatal ultrasonography and Doppler sonography in detecting isolated ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in a late-second-trimester population. Fetal echocardiography, Doppler ultrasound, and biometry were used to evaluate 2,661 singleton fetuses (1,381 male fetuses and 1,280 female fetuses) between 1 August ...
Takahashi Shinya S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Real-time graft flow assessment in the operative field has been performed to ascertain the patency in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of graft flow assessment by epigraftic ultrasonography. CABG was performed in 135 patients from January 2010 to December 2012. One hundred and ...
Maghzal Ghassan J GJ Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, - - 2014
Oxidants derived from myeloperoxidase (MPO) contribute to inflammatory diseases. In vivo MPO activity is commonly assessed by the accumulation of 3-chlorotyrosine (3-Cl-Tyr), although 3-Cl-Tyr is formed at low yield and is subject to metabolism. Here we show that MPO activity can be assessed using hydroethidine (HE), a probe commonly employed ...
Corbacioglu Esmer Aytul A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul University Faculty of Medicine, Capa/Fatih, 34090, Istanbul, - - 2014
A healthy 19-year-old nulliparous pregnant woman was referred to our clinic because of fetal pericardial effusion and ascites. The sonographic examination performed at 28 weeks' gestation revealed scalp edema, severe skin edema, bilateral hydrocele, ascites, and pleural and pericardial effusion. Fetal echocardiographic examination showed that both ventricles were dilated with ...
Lee Young-Il YI Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to elucidate the distribution of the columellar artery (CoA) in the mobile nasal septum by means of detailed dissection and histological observation. Fifteen Korean cadavers were examined; five specimens were dissected to observe the ramification pattern of the CoA from the superior labial artery ...
O'Horo John C JC 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 2William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI. 3Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI. 4University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, - - 2014
Catheter-related bloodstream infections are associated with significant costs and adverse consequences. Arterial catheters are commonly used in the critical care setting and are among the most heavily manipulated vascular access devices. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of arterial catheter-related bloodstream infection. PubMed, CinAHL, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Included ...
Weber J J Department of Neuroradiology, Neurocentre, University Hospital Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106, Freiburg, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 3D time-of-flight (TOF-MRA) and contrast-enhanced (CE-MRA) magnetic resonance angiography at 3 T for detection and quantification of proximal high-grade stenosis using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) as reference standard. The institutional ethics committee approved this prospective study. A total ...
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