Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1716
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Macdonald Simon T - - 2011
A number of percutaneous devices are available to embolize anomalous vessels in congenital heart disease. We report our initial single-center experience with the new Amplatzer Vascular Plug IV (AVP IV) in congenital heart disease to embolize a coronary artery fistula and aortopulmonary collateral arteries in 4 cases. From August 2009 ...
Chittoodan Suresh - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the short and long axis approaches to ultrasound guided right internal jugular vein cannulation with respect to indicators of success. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring central venous cannulation (99 patients) were randomised to undergo either long or short axis ultrasound guided cannulation ...
Shabestari Abbas Arjmand - - 2011
: The objective of the study was to find whether changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have an impact on contrast opacification of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) in coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). : One hundred two CABG patients were assessed using 64-slice CTA. Concurrently, their LVEF was ...
Nishigawa Kosaku - - 2011
A 79-year-old woman with Bland-White-Garland syndrome was admitted to our institution for surgical treatment of severe mitral regurgitation (MR). She had previously undergone mitral valve repair and coronary artery bypass grafting for both mitral insufficiency and a coronary artery anomaly 14 years earlier. However, the degree of residual MR had ...
Ghosh Pradeepto - - 2011
We present the case of a rare coronary anomaly in a 64-year-old male who presented with exertional angina. The right coronary artery (RCA) was dominant, giving origin proximally to an anomalous left circumflex (LCX) artery and a left anterior descending (LAD) artery which supplied the conventional mid and distal LAD ...
Shah Dipesh K - - 2011
Intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery is commonly misdiagnosed as chronic pulmonary embolism. Rarely, it can involve the right ventricular outflow tract and the pulmonary valve. We report a patient who was treated surgically for an intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery involving the right ventricular outflow tract and the ...
Hoey Edward T D - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the utility of dual-energy pulmonary CT angiography (CTA) for noninvasive assessment of regional pulmonary perfusion in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Regional perfusion abnormalities were correlated with hemodynamic parameters and structural abnormalities on pulmonary CTA. SUBJECTS and mEThOdS: Twenty patients with CTEPH (11 men ...
Gallagher Sean M - - 2011
We report the first case of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in a patient with a single coronary artery arising from the right aortic sinus. With the increasing availability of PPCI, more patients with coronary artery anomalies will undergo this procedure. This report highlights both the feasibility and safety of ...
Hemels M E W - - 2011
In patients with unexplained hypertension, especially in combination with a cardiac murmur, the presence of an aortic coarctation should always be ruled out given the high morbidity and mortality. However, particularly patients with an isolated coarctation often remain asymptomatic for years and the defect may be unnoticed even until the ...
Byon H-J - - 2011
To evaluate the potential risk for intra-aortic balloon (IAB)-induced obstruction to the celiac axis (CA) or the renal artery (RA) when IAB size is chosen according to patient height and the tip is placed 2 cm distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery (LSCA), the computed tomography images ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2011
Abstract  We report our experience with a five-year-old child with d-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A fenestrated unidirectional-valved patch was used to close the VSD and a standard arterial witch operation (ASO) was performed. Difficulties in assessment of operability and ...
Saito Takahiko - - 2011
Anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left sinus of Valsalva is a rare congenital abnormality. Percutaneous coronary intervention of the anomalous-origin right coronary artery can be challenging. Iatrogenic aorto-coronary dissection is a rare and life-threatening complication. We present a case of aortocoronary dissection that occurred during angioplasty of the ...
Meier Pascal - - 2011
There is an ongoing debate on the effective importance of the collateral network, especially in the current era, where most patients with significant coronary artery disease are revascularized, be it percutaneously or surgically; thus, people may question a significant benefit of the coronary collateral circulation. However, the presented 61-year-old male ...
Yavin Daniel - - 2011
Background: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to update the available evidence on the safety and efficacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) versus carotid artery stenting (CAS) in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, bibliographies of included articles ...
Gupta Mohit D - - 2011
This report describes the preoperative diagnosis of a 6-month-old child with tricuspid atresia related to an unroofed coronary sinus. The anomaly usually is diagnosed after the Fontan operation due to persistent arterial desaturation. Preoperative recognition of this association is important. All cases of tricuspid atresia should be screened for associated ...
Lee Richard - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although results in valvular heart surgery may be improving, too few cases are available in most centers to quantify changes, especially for uncommon procedural categories. This study examined comprehensively national trends in valve surgery outcomes over the past 15 years. METHODS: From 1993 through 2007, 623,039 valve procedures were ...
Ono Masamichi - - 2011
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is occasionally associated with a functional single ventricle and is thought to be a risk for the staged Fontan approach. We report a patient with a very rare presentation of mitral atresia and intact atrial septum with physiologically total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage by a ...
Song Jong Wook - - 2011
Hemodynamic derangement during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is mainly attributed to impaired filling and diastolic dysfunction. An elevated ratio of the mitral velocity to the early-diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e' > 15) is a relatively new indicator of diastolic function, and this was reported to be ...
Ha Geun Jin - - 2011
Right sided aortic arch is an uncommon congenital anomaly. It can be classified into three types, depending on the left aortic arch's degenerating pattern and the branching pattern of the great vessels. It can be associated with major congenital heart disease, depending on the type of right sided aortic arch. ...
Ocak I - - 2011
We present a case of constrictive pericarditis resulting in an outpouching of the right ventricular free wall, simulating a right ventricular free wall aneurysm. The present case is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported right ventricular free wall aneurysm-like outpouching adjacent to surrounding regions of thickened pericardium ...
Hirsch Russel - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive disorder that may result in right heart failure and death. Atrial level shunts in the presence of pulmonary hypertension may allow right-to-left mixing with maintenance of cardiac output and improved survival. However, excessive mixing at the atrial level can cause undue systemic desaturation, increased ...
Mehta G S GS Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2011
Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in decompensated heart failure patients requiring ventricular assist device (VAD) placement needs careful consideration of both complex disease states. We present this clinical dilemma and describe our choice of transcatheter aneurysm repair in the face of advanced refractory heart failure following VAD implantation.
An Yong - - 2011
The natural history of total pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is unfavorable per se. We describe a modified technique of intra-atrial repair in infants with supra- and infracardiac TAPVC. Twenty patients were treated. The median age at repair was 16 (range 3-62) days. Echocardiography and multi-detector row computed tomography were used ...
Owen Andrew - - 2011
It is well established that the treatment of symptomatic aortic stenosis is timely aortic valve replacement. By contrast, the optimum treatment of severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis is not clear. There are no randomised controlled trials on which to base management. Current guidelines recommend a watch-and-see approach, with surgery deferred until ...
Sohns Christian C Christian Sohns, Dirk Vollmann, Lars Luethje, Marc Dorenkamp, Joachim Seegers, Markus Zabel, Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, Heart Center, Georg-August-University Goettingen, D-37077 Goettingen, - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common supraventricular arrhythmia and a major cause of morbidity. Arrhythmogenic foci originating within the pulmonary veins (PVs) are an important cause of both paroxysmal and persistent AF. A variety of endovascular and surgical techniques have been used to electrically isolate the PV from the ...
Agrawal Gyanendra G Gyanendra Agrawal, Ritesh Agarwal, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, - - 2011
Pulmonary hemosiderosis is defined as the clinical and functional consequence of iron overload of the lungs, which usually occurs due to recurrent intra-alveolar bleeding. It can manifest as miliary mottling and should be entertained in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with miliary nodules on chest radiography, especially those with ...
Shuhaiber J J Department of Cardiac Surgery, Cincinnati Childrens Hospital, Cincinnati, OH, USA. - - 2011
The outcome for children with pulmonary vein atresia has been historically poor. This report describes clinical outcomes after surgical treatment of primary and secondary pulmonary vein atresia. All patients undergoing surgery for pulmonary vein atresia at Children's Hospital Boston from 1 January 2005 to 1 January 2009 were identified. The ...
Black David E - - 2011
We describe the case of a young man aged 19 years with a double inlet left ventricle associated with transposition of the great arteries, and a mechanical aortic valve requiring anticoagulation, who presented with massive haemoptysis. At cardiac catheterisation, there were multiple feeder vessels to a bleeding leash surrounding and ...
Maus Timothy M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy, precision, and trending of a new endotracheally sourced impedance cardiography-based cardiac output (CO) monitor (ECOM; ConMed Corp, Irvine, CA). SETTING: Two university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. INTERVENTIONS: All patients received a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC), arterial ...
Nguyen Nguyenvu - - 2011
This report describes a neonate with heart failure resulting from bilateral coronary artery fistulas and left ventricle noncompaction. The patient underwent successful surgical ligation of the fistulas.
Nishida T - - 2011
SUMMARY: This is the first report of success in numerically quantifying and visualizing cardiac cycle-related intracranial vessel motion and pulse waves in human subjects by using 320-detector CTA and a newly developed motion-detection algorithm to better understand the physiologies of intracranial arteries. This new technique promises to provide significant novel ...
Han Shu - - 2011
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) with intact interatrial septum is an uncommon congenital anomaly, while isolated left pulmonary venous connection with intact interatrial septum is rare. In this report, a 5-year-old girl with chief complains of mild short breath after exercise was diagnosed of anomalous connection between left superior ...
Peters Ferande - - 2011
We describe two cases of congenital submitral aneurysms (SMAs) in which three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) proved useful to define the spatial extent of these aneurysms. In both cases, rupture into the left atrium was accurately delineated. 3D TEE was useful in case 1 as it depicted the precise site ...
van Gorselen Edwin - - 2011
We report the case of a 91-year-old man with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR), referred for assessment of percutaneous edge-to-edge repair 3 years after bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (AVR). Detailed transthoracic, trans-oesophageal (TEE), and three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography showed a perforation in the subaortic curtain leading to severe regurgitation from the ...
He Yihua - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of primary myxomatous degeneration (PMD) of the cardiac valves. Because the gold standard for the diagnosis is pathology, its preoperative detection rate is relatively low. The purposes of this study were to determine the capability of echocardiography to identify PMD ...
Kapoor Aditya - - 2011
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare condition, seen usually in association with congenital heart disease or secondary to various acquired causes. Isolated PVS, in adults, especially in absence of congenital heart disease is extremely uncommon. We report PVS of left sided pulmonary veins in an 18-year-old male, who had ...
Dimarakis Ioannis - - 2011
High-risk patients with aortic stenosis are increasingly referred to specialist multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) for consideration of trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). A subgroup of these cases is unsuitable for TAVI, and high-risk conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) is undertaken. We have studied our outcomes in this cohort. Data prospectively collected ...
Jayranganath M - - 2011
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare anomaly that is thought to arise from a defect in looping of the primitive cardiac tube. Cor triatriatum is another rare congenital cardiac anomaly due to faulty incorporation of the common pulmonary vein into the left atrium. We present a ...
Natale Francesco - - 2011
Elective surgery cannot be recommended in every patient with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis, and predictors identifying high-risk patients need to be identified. In guidelines we read that elective surgery, at the asymptomatic stage, can only be recommended in selected patients, at low operative risk (see guidelines of European Society of ...
Cohle Stephen D - - 2011
The origin of the circumflex coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva is generally considered a benign anomaly. Herein we report the sudden unexpected death of a 6-year-old boy who died after jumping into a swimming pool and whose only pathologic finding was this usually inconsequential coronary artery anomaly. ...
Sepehripour A H - - 2011
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Traumatic thoracic aortic injuries are serious and may be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Endovascular stent grafting is now an established treatment option which often requires proximal landing zone extension through left subclavian artery (LSA) origin coverage. This in turn can lead to downstream ischaemic complications ...
Doguet Fabien - - 2011
Abstract  Intraoperative aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal complication of cardiac surgery. In this report, we present a case of intraoperative aortic dissection that was complicated by intestinal ischaemia. The aorta was successfully repaired using both open and endovascular techniques. (J Card Surg 2011;**:***-***).
Kin Hajime - - 2011
Case 1 was a 20-year-old male who had been involved in a traffic accident and developed aortic regurgitation (AR) eight months later. He was admitted with dilatation of the left ventricle. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed severe AR with perforation of the right coronary cusp. Case 2 was a 50-year-old male ...
Mizuno Shiro - - 2011
Chronic hypoxia induces pulmonary arterial remodeling, resulting in pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy. Hypoxia has been implicated as a physiological stimulus for p53 induction and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). However, the subcellular interactions between hypoxic exposure and expression of p53 and HIF-1α remain unclear. To examine the role of ...
Paul Timir K - - 2011
Impact of multiple cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on the intima-media thickness (IMT) of femoral and carotid artery segments measured simultaneously has not been studied in asymptomatic adults. This study examined the impact of multiple CV risk factors on the IMT in asymptomatic adults. Femoral and carotid IMT were measured by ...
Mariucci E M - - 2011
Aortic regurgitation is a common complication of ventricular septal defects. The most common mechanism is right or noncoronary cusp prolapse. Other mechanisms are right or noncoronary cusp fibrosis resulting in thickening and restricted motion of the leaflets or infective endocarditis leading to cusp perforation. We describe a case of subacute ...
Horita Yuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Upper arm swelling and venous hypertension at arteriovenous fistula sites, and insufficiency of hemodialysis are induced by central venous lesions in chronic hemodialysis patients. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for central venous lesions is first-choice treatment. Cardiac function can be evaluated by measuring the acute increase in venous return volume ...
Liang Yi-Hsin - - 2011
Disseminated microvascular pulmonary tumor embolism (DMPTE) is extremely rare and invariably fatal. Typical symptoms and signs of DMPTE include shortness of breath and inadequate oxygenation. Here we demonstrate a patient with unexplained progressive pulmonary hypertension followed by sudden cardiac arrest, who finally diagnosed of DMPTE pathologically under veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane ...
Gabriel J - - 2011
A ventricular septal defect in transposition of the great arteries is frequently closely related to the cardiac valves. The valvar function after arterial switch operation of patients with transposition of the great arteries and ventricular septal defect or intact ventricular septum was compared. We analysed the function of all cardiac ...
Tangcharoen Tarinee - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of magnetic resonance (MR) coronary angiography for the detection of coronary artery anomalies in infants and children by using surgical findings as a reference. Materials and Methods: The data analysis was approved by the institutional review board. One hundred children with congenital heart ...
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