Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1708
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Aki Akira - - 2012
Mycotic celiac artery aneurysm following infective endocarditis is extremely rare and, to our knowledge, only four cases have been reported in the literature to date. We describe the case of a 60 year-old man who developed a mycotic aneurysm of the celiac artery, which was detected by computed tomography (CT) ...
Sharma K - - 2012
Reported here is a case of bilateral high - origin anterior tibial arteries as detected during routine dissection of a 40 years old male cadaver at the Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Kavre District, Nepal. The aim of the present study was to underline the clinical importance of high ...
Krasniqi Nazmi - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e35300 in vol. 7.].
Riera Del Moral Luis - - 2012
Many factors are possibly involved in the inflammatory process which causes the degeneration of the arterial wall in the formation of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. During the last years different experimental models have been published to treat this fault of the arterial walls. Parallel the clinical treatment has evolved. With this ...
Patel Nishit - - 2012
A 3.5-week-old male neonate who developed an upper and lower respiratory tract rhinovirus infection that was temporally associated with the development of severe pulmonary hypertension is described. Rhinovirus has not previously been associated with pulmonary hypertension. This child developed severe pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular failure, requiring mechanical ventilation, nitric ...
Gukop Philemon P Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St George's Hospital, London SW17 0QT, - - 2012
Leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary vein is rare and has poor prognosis. Its clinical features are nonspecific and mimic benign conditions. Early diagnosis is challenging. Most cases have been diagnosed only at autopsy or on postoperative histology specimens. Treatment is essentially palliative complete surgical excision. We outline the principles of management ...
Mehanic Snjezana S Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Sarajevo University , Bosnia and - - 2012
none declared. Brucella endocarditis (BE) is a rare but severe and potentially lethal manifestation of brucellosis. Pre-existing valves lesions and prosthetic valves (PV) are favorable for BE. We represent the case of a 46-year-old man who was treated at the Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Sarajevo University, as ...
Morimae Hirofumi - - 2011
PURPOSE: We conducted this study to compare the cost of open surgical repair (OR) with that of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Between January 2007 and November 2008, 70 patients underwent open repair and 57 patients underwent EVAR. We evaluated the total cost, including ...
Moriarty James P - - 2011
Economic evaluation remains an understudied aspect of lower extremity vascular reconstructions. This study reviewed the economic-based literature with respect to open and endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial disease. This systematic review included economic analyses of open and endovascular treatment of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease, including claudication and critical limb ...
Wagner Todd H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, there is uncertainty about whether the radial artery affects quality of life or costs relative to the saphenous vein. This study compared the cost and quality of life for patients randomized to either radial artery or saphenous vein grafts. METHODS: We analyzed ...
Agrifoglio Marco - - 2011
Pseudoaneurysms of thoracic aorta represent life-threatening complications of cardiac surgery. We present a case report of a patient who underwent urgent aortic valvular replacement with a biological prosthesis and ascending aortic replacement with graft interposition and developed postoperative ascending aortic pseudoaneurysms. The pseudoaneurysms did not increase in the postoperative stay ...
Gatlin Scott W - - 2011
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation is currently being used to treat right ventricular outflow tract obstruction or insufficiency in congenital heart disease. Presumably this alternative to surgical conduit replacement may result in cost savings owing to shorter hospital stays; however, a formal cost comparison has not been undertaken. Total hospital costs ...
Guglin Maya - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension in heart failure is associated with exercise intolerance and adverse outcomes. With the availability of multiple drugs that cause pulmonary vasodilation and decrease pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary hypertension becomes an attractive therapeutic target. Out of several classes of medications, oral phosphodiesterase inhibitors emerge as the most promising in ...
Ticulescu Cristian-Razvan - - 2011
Cardiovascular remodeling in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is responsible for the high mortality found in this condition. A total of 89 consecutive outpatients with stage III CKD and 52 patients with stage II CKD with similar degree of traditional atherosclerotic risk factors underwent routine echocardiographic and carotid Doppler examination, evaluating ...
Schreiber Kristin L - - 2011
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare congenital vascular abnormality found in 0.3% of the general population. We report herein a rare complication involving the accidental insertion of a large bore cannula into the PLSVC during liver transplantation (LT). A 63-yr-old man with primary sclerosing cholangitis presented for ...
De-Giorgio Fabio - - 2011
  Coarctation of the aorta (CA) is diagnosed mainly in pediatric patients, and therapy is conservative if asymptomatic, but surgical treatment is required if advanced arterial hypertension is present. Moderate to severe forms contraindicate any type of physical activity requiring cardiac effort. Here, we describe the first documented death of ...
Koyalakonda Shiva Prasad - - 2011
Aortic valve myxoma is an extremely rare cardiac tumour. We describe a 60-year-old woman found to have an aortic valve myxoma and a patent foramen ovale (PFO) presenting as a stroke. In view of the recurrent cerebral ischaemic events, the aortic valve myxoma was surgically removed and the PFO was ...
Balthazar Jacob José Luiz - - 2011
Cervical aortic arch is a rare anomaly occasionally associated with other cardiovascular abnormalities. We present a case of tortuous left cervical aortic arch associated with hypoplastic transverse arch, coarctation of the aorta, and right brachiocephalic arteries arising below the coarctation and stenotic origin of the left subclavian artery. These multiple ...
Ebeid Makram R - - 2011
Bidirectional Glenn shunt is usually performed in patients with single ventricle in preparation for a total cavo-pulmonary connection. We present a patient born with complex congenital heart disease consisting of single ventricle, pulmonary atresia, non confluent pulmonary arteries and anomalous pulmonary venous return in whom surgical bidirectional Glenn was attempted. ...
Hassan Tamer - - 2011
Background: We present our experience with managing 13 cases of vein of Galen aneurysm with a special focus on endovascular strategies. This clinical review deals with the multivariable clinical presentation of vein of Galen aneurysms and the role of transarterial endovascular treatment. Methods: Thirteen patients diagnosed with vein of Galen ...
Pancholy Samir B - - 2011
Upper extremity venous access provides a safer alternative for performance of right heart catheterization compared to femoral venous access. We describe a technique to access deep veins of the upper extremity, in patients undergoing transradial catheterization, using levophase contrast venography. This technique allows the operator to access deep veins of ...
Delaney Jeffrey W - - 2011
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are the most common cerebral arteriovenous malformation in children. Neuro-interventional embolization has improved outcomes with this lesion. An association with cardiac defects has been recognized and can increase the risk of systemic embolic events during treatment. Cardiopulmonary bypass to correct the cardiac defect prior to ...
Klinger James R - - 2011
The long-term effects of endothelin receptor antagonists on pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are not well studied. This post hoc analysis examined changes in pulmonary hemodynamics in a cohort of patients with PAH who underwent follow-up right heart catheterization ...
Dohmen G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Since Doppler echocardiography takes no account of pressure recovery, the true hemodynamic burden of aortic valve prostheses remains vague. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the methodological error of Doppler gradient estimation by means of a model demonstrating the different influence of aortic root diameters on net ...
Dabbouseh Noura M - - 2011
In arterial dissection, blood may enter the arterial wall through an intimal tear, splitting the arterial wall and activating the coagulation cascade at the site of endothelial damage. Dissection of extracranial and intracranial vessels may lead to ischemic stroke through thromboembolic or hemodynamic mechanisms. Major blunt trauma or rapid acceleration-deceleration ...
Sun Zhonghua - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between left coronary bifurcation and dimensional changes and development of coronary artery disease using multislice CT angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 patients (18 men, 12 women, mean age, 56 years±8) suspected of coronary artery disease undergoing 64- and 256-slice CT angiography were included in the ...
Gutta Aadil A - - 2011
An association exists between congenital heart disease and urinary tract anomalies. We present the case of a 15-year-old female patient with a known VSD (ventricular septal defect) and Eisenmenger syndrome. Pulmonary embolism was clinically suspected and the patient underwent a ventilation/perfusion (VQ) scan. As expected in a right-to-left shunt, some ...
da Silva Paulo Sérgio Lucas - - 2011
Pseudoaneurysm of the cervical internal carotid artery is a very rare, potentially fatal complication of a neck space infection in children associated with high mortality and morbidity. A 3-year-old boy presented with spontaneous massive epistaxis 45 days after a deep neck space infection caused by a peritonsillar abscess. During nasopharyngeal ...
Kawase Isamu - - 2011
Quadricuspid aortic valves represent a very rare pathology. Most cases have been discovered incidentally during heart operations or at autopsy. Patients may become symptomatic with aortic regurgitation. We encountered a symptomatic patient with aortic regurgitation and a quadricuspid aortic valve. Successful aortic valve plasty was done with our original technique ...
Baron Toaldo M - - 2011
A 13-year-old, neutered female domestic shorthair cat was presented for sudden respiratory distress following palliative radiotherapy and the combined administration of a single dose of carboplatin for the treatment of recurrent fibrosarcoma. Clinical and radiographic findings were suggestive of pleural effusion. Echocardiography revealed marked right-sided cardiac enlargement associated with tricuspid ...
Jilaihawi Hasan - - 2011
Since the development and refinement of echocardiography, this technique has, for some time, been the mainstay for hemodynamic assessment of the mitral valve. This article discusses the key components of the invasive hemodynamic assessment of mitral valve disease and illustrates their utility through percutaneous transluminal mitral valvuloplasty for mitral stenosis ...
Wang Xuemei - - 2011
: The gold standard for assessing the degree of pulmonary hypertension is by right ventricular catheterization, an invasive procedure. This study was carried out to evaluate a noninvasive method using dynamic pulmonary perfusion imaging (DPPI) for assessing pulmonary hypertension and surgical outcome in patients with valvular heart disease. : A ...
Loke Kelvin S H - - 2011
A radionuclide Tc-99m hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime white blood cell scan with SPECT/CT was requested for the investigation of pyrexia and bacteraemia in a 69-year-old gentleman who was status postcoronary angiography and stenting. Abnormal radiotracer activity in the region of the left anterior descending artery was observed, which on subsequent histopathology found ...
Nakayama Masato - - 2011
The innominate vein usually courses anterior to the aortic arch, where it joins the right brachiocephalic vein to form the superior caval vein. A retroaortic innominate vein is an uncommon finding in patients with congenital heart disease. We report a patient with a single ventricle, single atrium, pulmonary atresia, nonconfluent ...
Yokoyama Yuichiro - - 2011
We report a surgical case of dextrocardia complicated with annuloaortic ectasia (AAE) and mitral regurgitation, which induced congestive heart failure. Preoperative electrocardiography-gated multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) showed the following complex cardiovascular abnormalities without motion artifacts: dextrocardia, situs inversus, polysplenia, AAE, absence of the inferior vena cava, azygos vein continuation, drainage ...
Kahwash Rami - - 2011
The pulmonary artery catheter will likely earn a place in the history of medicine as one of the most useful tools that shaped our understanding and management of various diseases. An intense assessment of its application in nonacute and nonshock decompensated heart failure has been provided by the ESCAPE trial, ...
Jilaihawi Hasan - - 2011
Over the past two decades, echocardiography has replaced cardiac catheterization for aortic valvular hemodynamic assessment. In recent years, however, there has been a rapid evolution of transcatheter aortic valve technology and, with its refinement, there has been the increasing recognition of the value of transcatheter hemodynamic assessment in complementing the ...
Fitzgerald Kevin P - - 2011
The pulmonary valve consists of 3 leaflets and is similar in anatomy to the aortic valve. It is the least likely to be affected by acquired disease, and thus, most disorders affecting it are congenital. The most common hemodynamic abnormality of the pulmonary valve is the congenitally narrowed domed valve ...
Boudoulas Konstantinos Dean - - 2011
Coronary artery fistula, usually congenital in origin, is an abnormal communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or great vessel (coronary sinus, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein or super vena cava). A coronary fistula can produce high output heart failure from volume overload and/or myocardial ischemia from coronary steal ...
Sanchez Carlos E - - 2011
Inferior epigastric artery injury after cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention is sporadically reported in the literature, yet it is a serious complication that can lead to life-threatening retroperitoneal hemorrhage and poor clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. We present two cases of inferior epigastric artery injury from inadvertent puncture ...
Sheikh Mujeeb - - 2011
Although the majority of temporary epicardial leads used during cardiac surgery are removed in the perioperative period, occasionally, the wires are cut and allowed to retract into the subcutaneous tissue. Complications arising from such retained epicardial wires are rare. We present a case of transmyocardial migration of a retained epicardial ...
Selmi Khalifa - - 2011
Bland-White-Garland syndrome, also known anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery, is a rare congenital malformation. The authors report the case of a 51-year-old woman with anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. A prominent large ostium of the right coronary artery and intercoronary ...
Veselka Josef - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is the method of choice for carotid artery revascularization of patients at high risk for carotid endarterectomy. In this study, we compared the midterm results of CAS in patients with unilateral versus bilateral carotid artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective analysis of ...
de Frutos Sergio - - 2011
Chronic hypoxia (CH) activates the Ca(2+)-dependent transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells isoform c3 (NFATc3) in mouse pulmonary arteries. However, the mechanism of this response has not been explored. Since we have demonstrated that NFATc3 is required for CH-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling, establishing how CH activates NFATc3 is ...
Tomassini Francesco - - 2011
Iatrogenic dissection of the sinus of Valsalva or of the ascending aorta is a rare, but potentially fatal event, during the percuteneous coronary intervention (PCI). We reported a case of perforation of the sinus of Valsalva by guiding catheter during PCI via the right transradial approach (TRA) successfully managed and ...
Gabrielli R - - 2011
Femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (FAP) is one of the most common vascular complications after cardiac and peripheral angiographic procedures. Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection is the standard procedure for the treatment of FAP. Complications such as thrombotic events with leg ischemia after thrombin leakage into the femoral artery or immunogenic consequences are rare. ...
Thanopoulos Basil Vasilios - - 2011
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation into dysfunctional right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduits is being increasingly performed in many European and North American centers with satisfactory results and low complication rates. We report the first application of this elaborate technique in the native right ventricular outflow tract of a young patient ...
Holzer Ralf J - - 2011
Background-Pulmonary artery (PA) balloon angioplasty and/or stenting (PA rehabilitation) is one of the most common procedures performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, but comprehensive and consistently reported data on procedure-related adverse events (AE) are scarce. Methods and Results-Data were prospectively collected using a multicenter registry (Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on ...
Drees Randi - - 2011
Canine coronary artery angiography (CTA) was performed in four anesthetized healthy dogs using 64-multidetector computed tomography. Esmolol, a β-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, and sodium nitroprusside, an arteriolar and venous dilator, were administered to enhance visualization of the coronary arteries by reducing heart rate and creating vasodilation. The left main coronary ...
Abdel-Karim Abdul-Rahman R - - 2011
Acute occlusion of left main coronary artery after diagnostic angiography can be rapidly fatal. We describe two patients with left main disease that developed cardiac arrest shortly after diagnostic coronary angiography. They were both successfully treated with emergency left main stenting while cardiopulmonary resuscitation was being performed. Patients with left ...
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